06/06/2014 World News Today


06/06/2014

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The sacrifice of the service men and women are remembered in the 70th

:00:10.:00:22.

anniversary of the D-Day landings. World leaders and

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anniversary of the D-Day landings. point in the

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anniversary of the D-Day landings. marks the beginning of the end of

:00:29.:00:32.

Hitler. You that whenever the world make you cynical, don't doubt that

:00:33.:00:41.

courage and goodness is possible. On the sidelines of this commemoration,

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present-day troubles are confronted with the leaders of Russia and

:00:53.:00:55.

Ukraine meeting. There's been a bomb attack

:00:56.:01:02.

on the convoy of the Afghan presidential frontrunner,

:01:03.:01:04.

Abdullah Abdullah, in Kabul. Six people are reported to have been

:01:05.:01:06.

killed There have been clashes

:01:07.:01:08.

in the Golden Temple in Amritsar in northern India, the holiest

:01:09.:01:11.

shrine of the Sikh religion. Several people were injured

:01:12.:01:14.

as rival factions fought with June the sick, 1944, the beaches of

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Normandy were the scene of much bloodshed. -- six.

:01:35.:01:42.

It was when Allied forces began landing in Normandy in northern

:01:43.:01:46.

France in what was the largest amphibious invasion in history. It

:01:47.:01:50.

was a gamble, but it turned the tide of the Second World War. World

:01:51.:01:58.

leaders and veterans are being -- have been paying tribute to service

:01:59.:02:02.

men and women and the sacrifices they made.

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The winner the D-Day beaches. -- dawn.

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Where some of those who survived and grew old remembered the many who did

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not. At the Commonwealth war cemetery

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other graves of more than 4000 young men, mostly British, who died on

:02:29.:02:32.

D-Day or in the weeks of fighting that followed. As the Queen arrived

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to lead the tribute of Britain and the Commonwealth, aircraft from the

:02:41.:02:41.

Second World War through past overhead. Wreaths were laid at the

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stone of remembrance. We Shell not grow old as those that are left grow

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old. We will remember them. The veterans had been seated amongst

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the headstones upon which the inscriptions which have lost none of

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their emotional impact with the passing of the years. They are the

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tribute of families, mothers, wives, the men who gave their lives

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so that a continent might be free. After the service, the Queen joined

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the veterans, she mingled and chatted, a monarch from the same

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wartime generation sharing memories with those who have fought in the

:04:02.:04:07.

name of her father. -- had thought. At Omaha Beach lies the huge

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military Cemetery of the United States of America. There are nearly

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10,000 graves here, a reminder of the ferocious resistance the

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Americans faced at Omaha Beach and of a time when the New World

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sacrificed so much blood for the old. President Obama said that what

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the Allied troops had achieved on what he called this tiny sliver of

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sand and determine the course of history. Whenever the world makes

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you cynical, whenever you doubt that courage and goodness is possible,

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think of these men along with all of our veterans. If you can stand,

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please do, if you cannot, please raise your hand, these men waged war

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so that we might know peace. They sacrificed so that we might be free.

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We are grateful to them. On Sword Beach, the heads of state

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and heads of Government assembled for the official commemoration.

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Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel was greeted with warm applause and

:05:23.:05:27.

then a reminder of today's diplomatic difficulties. Over

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lunch, Russia's Putin and Obama had their first face-to-face discussion

:05:33.:05:35.

about Ukraine as they watched the men -- and events on Sword Beach,

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they were cut up side-by-side on screens.

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Then something else unexpected, a video and dramatic re-enactment of

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the Second World War compete with explicit reference of the natty

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brutality and the Holocaust. This is one anniversary where even the most

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sensitive issues are being dealt with openly. -- Nazi brutality.

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Above all, this day has been for the veterans, many frail now, it is time

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to pass the stories of what they did to new generations. So this

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afternoon Prince William and the Duchess of Cambridge joined a group

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of the dish veterans at a key party. -- British veterans. In the centre

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of the town of Arromanches, all soldiers paraded for a future king.

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It was a chance for them to remember so many friends who never made it

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home. It was a chance for us to express

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our gratitude for so much sacrifice. The Soviet Union under Stalin played

:07:13.:07:24.

a key role in defeating the Nazis. It provided an opportunity for

:07:25.:07:27.

President Putin to hold direct talks with a newly elected Ukrainian

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president Petro Poroshenko. That meeting was facilitated by the

:07:33.:07:38.

German chancellor. The Kremlin says the Russian and Ukrainian leaders

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called for a swift and of the bloodshed and military actions in

:07:43.:07:46.

eastern Ukraine. D-Day was the beginning of the end

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of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. The defeat of Germany resulted in

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the spirit of the country into East and West. 70 years on, how is the

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battle remembered in present-day Germany? Stephen Evans have -- has

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been speaking to one German soldier about being on the other side of the

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D-Day landings. He was the first German soldier to

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face the D-Day invasion. He was at the bridge when the first airborne

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British troops landed in gliders. Pegasus Bridge was crucial, Allied

:08:24.:08:27.

planners wanted it captured to stop German reinforcements arriving when

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the landings happened. He was on guard. TRANSLATION: I was the first

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to notice when the gliders and troops landed. I fired a flare. This

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was how the invasion started. It was all I did. D-Day was the big step in

:08:54.:09:02.

the defeat of Nazi Germany. If you want to know how total that defeat

:09:03.:09:07.

was, coming here to the Nazi nerve centre, Hitler's bunker, flattened

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today. Nothing more than a car park. At the time, Berliners read about

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D-Day, Hitler slept late, but that was not in the papers and then

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welcomed the invasion because it's brought the enemy closer. Today,

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D-Day is not marked much in Germany. According to the military's chief

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historian. It never had the same significance

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which it had in Britain or the US or even in France. Because it did

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indeed remind us not only of a defeat, but of war crimes. There is

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a footnote. The captured German soldier is grateful to

:10:03.:10:04.

a footnote. The captured German and Canadians for his time in a

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prisoner of war camp. He was taught English and entertained, he said it

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was like a holiday camp. As those ceremonies were taking

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place, many of those taking part said how much they hoped that the

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Second World War would never be forgotten by their children and

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grandchildren. We have been finding out what the pupils of one school in

:10:31.:10:33.

Staffordshire made of D-Day. In the heart of Staffordshire, among

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the trees, 300 miles from the Normandy beaches, a service of

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commemoration. Some came to the national memorial to remember, some

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to learn of the sacrifice of a number generation. That sacrifice is

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something pupils of this school were discussing today. I want to talk

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about why it is still important today. White is still important to

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remember the veterans who fought. It is extraordinary to think that the

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youngest known British casualty of the Second World War was a boil on a

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Merchant Navy ship who was 14 years old, the same age as some of its

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class. -- a boy on a. Today's society would not have that

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courage, because people think of teenagers as being on the racks box,

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but they went out. -- X box. If someone said there is a war going

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on, can you come and help? I would just be thinking, what is going on?

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But they did not have much detail and they just went and did what they

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had to do and hats off to them, they get it. -- hatss off to them.

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Whatever the doubts of their own generation's courage, these

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youngsters are proof that the sacrifice made by so many 70 years

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ago will be remembered. I have been joined here in the

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studio to With me is Thomas Kielinger ,

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the London correspondent And joining us from the BBC's studio

:12:33.:12:35.

in Oxford is Gary Sheffield, a professor of war studies

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from Wolverhampton University. we now know that D-Day was a turning

:12:41.:12:49.

point in the Second World War, but actually it was a bit of a gamble

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and a costly endeavour in both lives and money.

:12:54.:12:59.

Yes, it was. It was certainly not a given that D-Day would succeed.

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Anything as risky as that, a huge amphibious operation with supporting

:13:07.:13:08.

aircraft, things could have gone wrong. In the end, I think it was a

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measure of luck, superiority in terms of material, and the sheer

:13:18.:13:23.

courage of the people involved which made sure that D-Day was successful.

:13:24.:13:31.

Thomas, we look back at it as a success. But you don't look at it in

:13:32.:13:41.

the same way in Germany. It is something that Germans wants to

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forget as they were fighting on the wrong side, as it were? Absolutely.

:13:45.:13:53.

But don't forget that we have been going through World War I recently,

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there have been new books on who was guilty for the start of the war on

:14:02.:14:09.

Germany has been, to some extent, not only the only force that started

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it. We haven't quite got and onto the Second World War. That'll come

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in September when the 75 year anniversary comes. Altogether,

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Germany is not too happy looking back at war events. We didn't cover

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ourselves in glory, to put it mildly, and we were the vanquished.

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Although our soldiers fought and it is generally recognised with great

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valour, they spent all their virtues on the wrong side and the wrong

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course, which is a terrible heritage. Professor Sheffield, it

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helps shape the modern day as we know it, World War II, and even in a

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country like Britain, it ushered in the world Betamax welfare state, so

:15:04.:15:09.

it had a massive impact. -- ushered in the welfare state. But the

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younger population as a whole are aware of what World War II means, do

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you think? I would like to pick up on what you think? I would like to

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pick up on what your other contributors said. The idea that

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Germany was not responsible for the outbreak of the First World War is

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certainly true, Austria Hungary was to a great extent, but the idea that

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Germany was not the primary mover in the First World War is something I

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would slightly disagree with. We can't go down that line too much.

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But we need to see the two world wars as effectively a single

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conflict with a 20 year truce. I am not telling a story on what to

:15:58.:16:01.

think, but at the end of World War I the conditions in Germany gave rise

:16:02.:16:06.

to fascism because of the way that Germany was dealt with after the

:16:07.:16:09.

First World War, treated very differently after the end of the

:16:10.:16:13.

Second World War, lots of money going into West Germany, in

:16:14.:16:22.

particular. At the end of the Second World War, Germany was treated far

:16:23.:16:26.

more harshly. The Nazi state was completely destroyed and two more

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states built on the remains. The end of the First World War, there is

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absolutely no reason why the Treaty of Versailles couldn't have been

:16:33.:16:36.

made to stick. Let's bring this a bit more towards today. The point I

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was making, after World War II, a lot of money of course went into

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Germany, which was devastated and so on, but it is what West Germany

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built its subsequent economic miracle success on. This is the

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point that we like to look at with a certain amount of pride, Angela

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Merkel and the group session of world leaders reminds us of the way

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we have come since 1945 and how we have rebuilt our country with due

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process and liberty and justice for all, which has become a recognised

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and valued member, Germany, in the community of nations. Because your

:17:14.:17:18.

institutions were all reformed after the Second World War, land reform,

:17:19.:17:21.

trade unions and that sort of thing. Yes, we called it re-education but

:17:22.:17:25.

it was really reinvigoration of the idea of Western liberty that really

:17:26.:17:29.

rescued Germany and put it on the path to recovery. That picture of

:17:30.:17:33.

world leaders now, with Germany stood on the other side of that, is

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a very reassuring sort of re-imagination for the modern day.

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That is the aspect we rather like about this commemoration. The war

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itself does not fill us with any pride, obviously, and we try not to

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think about that too much. Professor Sheffield, your reflection on the

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commemorations in Normandy, what is your take on that? I think it is a

:17:55.:17:58.

very timely reminder of the sheer sacrifice made by men and women to

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liberate Europe, and also, I think it is worth bearing in mind what

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that impact has on the world today. I absolutely agree, Germany has been

:18:12.:18:15.

rebuilt into a new model, and of course, it is now firmly locked into

:18:16.:18:23.

the European community of nations. But it is easy for us to reflect on

:18:24.:18:27.

what might have been. Personally, I actually think that if D-Day had

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failed, Germany would still have been defeated, but pretty much

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solely by the soviet union. Moving away from Germany, the

:18:37.:18:39.

commemorations, you think they are striking the right chord? In your

:18:40.:18:44.

view, what are we remembering 70 years later, this tremendous

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sacrifice by service men and women? I think we are remembering the way

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in which Europe was diverted from a very dark path indeed into something

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which, for all the faults of the world since 1945, has been much

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better. We should actually remember those men and women who made that

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happen. Thomas, yes. The commemoration of the heroism and the

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courage to land in the face of machine gun fire from on high is

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absolutely almost unconscionable. It is very hard to imagine how a modern

:19:16.:19:19.

generation would deal with it. Although I think that the parallels

:19:20.:19:23.

would be quite wrong, you cannot compare then and now. If there were

:19:24.:19:27.

a situation which could ask for the ultimate sacrifice, the modern

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generation would also find in themselves the courage and virtue to

:19:32.:19:34.

apply themselves and commit themselves if it is worth fighting.

:19:35.:19:39.

But those were horrible days, and only a huge effort and sacrifice,

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through heroism and dedication, made this possible. We can only bow our

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heads before them. Thomas, I want to ask you, because I asked Professor

:19:51.:19:54.

Sheffield about the younger generation. Out of younger

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generation of Germans see this? Popular culture has kept the

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nastiness, the evil of the Nazis very much alive, through films we

:20:01.:20:04.

have of the Second World War and so on. Do they feel in some way that

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that has led to a kind of current demonisation of Germans today? Not

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really, but the thing is, we are very much aware of the past. It has

:20:15.:20:19.

been expunged from our system, as it were. Germany has very valiantly

:20:20.:20:23.

looked it in the face and read itself of it, but it is still with

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us. On certain days, when we commemorate what was done by Hitler

:20:28.:20:31.

to the Jews and two other minorities in Germany and so on. That casts a

:20:32.:20:36.

shadow over the attempt of young generations to rebuild a natural,

:20:37.:20:40.

unselfconscious patriotism, which is still very difficult to rebuild in

:20:41.:20:43.

Germany because of the weight of the past and what went RIA in our

:20:44.:20:50.

history. We are a country of disk annuity, and while we have rebuilt

:20:51.:20:55.

the country, we cannot escape the horror of what happened in our name.

:20:56.:21:00.

Thomas Kielinger and Gary Sheffield, thank you very much indeed.

:21:01.:21:06.

In other news, the frontrunner in Afghanistan's presidential election,

:21:07.:21:09.

Abdullah Abdullah, has survived a bomb attack in trouble. Six people

:21:10.:21:13.

are reported killed and more than a dozen injured. Mr Abdullah said two

:21:14.:21:17.

explosions struck his convoy as it was leading a campaign event in the

:21:18.:21:24.

capital. Our reporter has this. The attack happened as Doctor

:21:25.:21:28.

Abdullah left an election rally. A suicide attacker drove his vehicle,

:21:29.:21:33.

packed with explosives, at the armoured convoy belonging to Doctor

:21:34.:21:38.

Abdullah and his presidential running mate. The blast was so

:21:39.:21:42.

powerful it destroyed vehicles, and shattered windows in nearby shops

:21:43.:21:48.

and houses. Ambulances rushed the injured to hospital. Most of those

:21:49.:21:53.

killed were civilians. A police man and one of Doctor Abdullah's

:21:54.:21:55.

bodyguards were also among the casualties. TRANSLATION: The convoy

:21:56.:22:04.

of Doctor Abdullah Abdullah and his deputy was attacked by a suicide

:22:05.:22:07.

bomber. Fortunately, they were not harmed. Despite the attack, Doctor

:22:08.:22:15.

Abdullah has continued with a full schedule of election rallies across

:22:16.:22:16.

Coble. -- Campbell. There have been violent clashes at

:22:17.:22:28.

the Golden Temple in Amritsar in northern India, the holiest shrine

:22:29.:22:31.

of the Sikh religion. Several people were injured as rival factions

:22:32.:22:35.

fought with ceremonial swords. This comes on the 30th anniversary of the

:22:36.:22:38.

storming of the temple by the Indian army, as Andrew North reports.

:22:39.:22:46.

Seeks fighting each other inside their holiest place, the Golden

:22:47.:22:52.

Temple. Swords and polls meant for ceremony became weapons once more.

:22:53.:23:00.

They had gathered to mark the 30th anniversary of an Indian army

:23:01.:23:06.

assault on separatist Sikhs who took control of the complex, but today's

:23:07.:23:09.

mourners ended up battling each other over competing visions of

:23:10.:23:13.

their future. The violence was triggered by a group calling for

:23:14.:23:18.

independence for Sikhs, who were prevented from talking. It was that

:23:19.:23:21.

independence for Sikhs, who were demand that underpinned the turmoil

:23:22.:23:24.

30 years ago, leading to some of India's worst violence since

:23:25.:23:30.

independence. India's then Prime Minister in direct and he was

:23:31.:23:33.

assassinated in revenge for ordering the attack on the Golden Temple. But

:23:34.:23:38.

thousands of Sikhs were in turn massacred, with members of Mrs

:23:39.:23:42.

Gandhi's Congress party widely accused of complicity. This latest

:23:43.:23:48.

clash is a sign that winds of 30 years ago have still not healed.

:23:49.:23:55.

And now, some of the day's the news in brief. Thousands of mourners had

:23:56.:24:01.

gathered in the northern Nigerian city of Khan over the funeral of the

:24:02.:24:07.

in ear who died earlier today. The 83-year-old ruler was an outspoken

:24:08.:24:11.

critic of the militant group Boko Haram, and one of Nigeria's most

:24:12.:24:14.

prominent and revered Muslim leaders.

:24:15.:24:17.

prominent and revered Muslim The head of the International

:24:18.:24:20.

Monetary Fund has said she is not a candidate for the presidency of the

:24:21.:24:24.

European Union. Christine Lagard says she intends to complete her

:24:25.:24:27.

term at the IMF. Her comments come amid divisions over who should get

:24:28.:24:30.

the commission post. Police in Canada have arrested a man

:24:31.:24:33.

suspected of shooting dead three police officers and wounding three

:24:34.:24:39.

others in the city of Monkton. Officers say he was arrested without

:24:40.:24:45.

incident, unarmed, but with weapons nearby. During the manhunt, police

:24:46.:24:48.

warned residents to stay Upper Street.

:24:49.:24:54.

From the church choir to international pop stardom, a none

:24:55.:24:58.

has won Italy's version of the TV talent contest the voice.

:24:59.:25:07.

For the 25-year-old, she has won a record contract with Universal Moral

:25:08.:25:16.

Trouble After Becoming A Global Internet Sensation. The Sicilian

:25:17.:25:23.

Racks Up Thousands Of Use Youtube She Stunned The Judges With Their

:25:24.:25:27.

Version Of The Alicia Keys Song No one. She has thanked God for his

:25:28.:25:31.

victory, saying she entered the contest after following Pope

:25:32.:25:37.

Francis' appeal to bring the church closed to ordinary people. I think

:25:38.:25:42.

she has certainly done that! Now, to the Ely is a palace in Paris, and

:25:43.:25:48.

that is at the scene we are waiting for the Queen. She will arrive there

:25:49.:25:54.

for a dinner marking those commemorations of the D-Day

:25:55.:26:01.

landings. That should be happening quite soon. We will bring you more

:26:02.:26:06.

on that. I wonder if that is a car bearing a significant person.

:26:07.:26:14.

Anyway, that is the scene live at the Ely say Palace in Paris, on the

:26:15.:26:18.

day that the world paid tribute to the men and women who took part in

:26:19.:26:21.

one of the greatest events in modern times.

:26:22.:26:48.

Once again, dramatic changes afoot across the next few hours, with a

:26:49.:27:07.

combination of moisture from the Atlantic, humid air piling in from

:27:08.:27:10.

the near continent where the two come together. That is where we are

:27:11.:27:14.

likely to see some really heavy thundery downpours of

:27:15.:27:15.

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