09/06/2014 World News Today


09/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:10.

Brazil's moment to shine as host of the World Cup is eclipsed by public

:00:11.:00:14.

sector strikes just three days before the first match kicks off.

:00:15.:00:21.

Protests on the streets of Sao Paulo - police use tear gas to disperse

:00:22.:00:25.

I live in Rio de Janeiro where here, at least they are getting ready to

:00:26.:00:38.

party. Police in Pakistan are back

:00:39.:00:42.

in control of the country's largest airport after Taliban fighters storm

:00:43.:00:45.

a terminal leaving 31 dead The row over infiltration of schools

:00:46.:00:47.

in England by militant Islamists. The Government places six schools in

:00:48.:00:52.

Birmingham under special measures. And Rik Mayall, one of Britain's

:00:53.:01:01.

most popular and talented comedy We start in Brazil where riot police

:01:02.:01:04.

in the country's biggest city Sao Paulo have fired tear gas

:01:05.:01:29.

at protesters who are demanding The subway strike has unleashed

:01:30.:01:32.

transport chaos in the city which hosts the opening match

:01:33.:01:39.

of the football World Cup Not quite the suspicious start to

:01:40.:01:57.

the World Cup that the authorities might have been hoping for?

:01:58.:02:02.

Everywhere else in Brazil it seems they are getting ready to celebrate

:02:03.:02:07.

the start of the World Cup, but that is still one outstanding industrial

:02:08.:02:11.

dispute. For supporters lucky enough to go to that first match on

:02:12.:02:16.

Thursday evening, there is a fair chance that they are going to

:02:17.:02:20.

struggle to get to the ground, unless they leave a very long time.

:02:21.:02:24.

Maybe this is just brinksmanship on the part of the unions. They know

:02:25.:02:30.

that this is their moment of maximum leverage over the governments, over

:02:31.:02:34.

a strike that has been declared illegal. There where clashes today.

:02:35.:02:39.

Gridlock in Brazil's biggest city just three days before the World Cup

:02:40.:02:45.

Striking Metro workers continuing to demand pay rises in excess of 10%.

:02:46.:02:56.

Military police again try to break up the protests and yesterday

:02:57.:03:00.

But these workers voted overwhelmingly to stay out

:03:01.:03:07.

until their demands are met and say they don't care

:03:08.:03:10.

It's a new stage for the Brazilian situation since the last year

:03:11.:03:19.

and the World Cup is just the beginning of a new wave

:03:20.:03:23.

The Government insists that these strikes and protests will not be

:03:24.:03:28.

allowed to disrupt the World Cup and will use whatever force they deem

:03:29.:03:33.

necessary, but if the riot police, as in the past, move in too hard, it

:03:34.:03:37.

may exacerbate tensions even further and lead to more delays

:03:38.:03:40.

for fans trying to get to World Cup games across Brazil.

:03:41.:03:47.

Sao Paulo's chronic transport problems are notoriously bad

:03:48.:03:49.

at the best of times and if these protests continue

:03:50.:03:52.

the impact for World Cup schedules and fans could be enormous.

:03:53.:03:58.

The protesters? mood is upbeat for now but things could turn ugly

:03:59.:04:01.

if there is no last-minute deal or the Government tries to resolve

:04:02.:04:04.

Here in Rio de Janeiro one of the principal concerns for the parties

:04:05.:04:23.

has been the security situation. There have been attempts at what is

:04:24.:04:33.

called pacification. I went to one of the first places to be pacified.

:04:34.:04:47.

This favela used to be a place where drug dealers openly carried guns.

:04:48.:04:56.

That has changed. There are no streets, just steps. This policeman

:04:57.:05:07.

is now in charge of that favela. He told me of the dramatic difference

:05:08.:05:15.

that the pacification unit had made. When was the last homicide in the

:05:16.:05:23.

favela? For more than five years there has not been a homicide.

:05:24.:05:32.

Pacification is relative. We ran into this police squad, guns drawn,

:05:33.:05:37.

looking tense. One of duty officer told us about an encounter he had

:05:38.:05:43.

had in a nearby favela. How many shots did the drug dealer fire? It

:05:44.:05:52.

was very difficult to count. Lots. Very dangerous. The drug dealers

:05:53.:06:03.

shot from all directions. Before this favela was pacified over three

:06:04.:06:10.

murders per month in the community of just 7000 people. The figures

:06:11.:06:15.

speak for themselves. And the scars of the battles are everywhere. For

:06:16.:06:21.

all the problems and frustrations of daily life this favela is getting

:06:22.:06:29.

ready to party. Yellow, blue and Green paint must surely be in short

:06:30.:06:40.

supply. The World Cup is very important to us. Everybody is

:06:41.:06:44.

excited about the games. Regardless of everything that is happening, the

:06:45.:06:48.

important thing is that we participate and celebrate.

:06:49.:06:55.

Everything is going to be all right. The beautiful game has never been

:06:56.:06:59.

played more beautifully done by Brazilians. These favela children

:07:00.:07:04.

dream that one day it will be them representing the national side. On

:07:05.:07:09.

the question of who will when they speak with one voice. Brazil.

:07:10.:07:19.

Brazil. Brazil. I think we will hear people chanting Brazil quite a lot

:07:20.:07:26.

over the next few weeks. The weight of expectation is high on the

:07:27.:07:30.

national side. Just beyond where we are broadcasting, just down there,

:07:31.:07:37.

that is the supporters all that is still under construction. They will

:07:38.:07:42.

be welcoming tens of thousands of supporters. There will be a huge

:07:43.:07:50.

screen. Their workers are tried to get everything in place for the

:07:51.:07:54.

opening match of which takes place on Thursday, less than three days

:07:55.:08:00.

from now. You really do see that football is

:08:01.:08:04.

in the DNA of Brazil. It is a leveller and an equaliser. It is a

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country that is not equal in many ways.

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Yes, a flippant point first. One of the coaches said, if you watch a

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Brazilian dance their feet move at an incredible pace. That is what

:08:26.:08:28.

these young kids bring to the football. It is dazzling. It is

:08:29.:08:36.

Samba football. But it is a great leveller. It is the source of

:08:37.:08:40.

peoples dreams. The national side, with the exception of one player, is

:08:41.:08:47.

drawn from favelas. It is the kids who kick around on a dirt track

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outside shantytowns tuning that one day they will be picked up by one of

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the big teams and then eventually gets picked up by a big European

:08:58.:09:01.

team and then shine on the national stage. Football is something where

:09:02.:09:07.

everyone is equal. Except maybe that in the favelas they are better

:09:08.:09:12.

footballers than they are in the wealthy suburbs.

:09:13.:09:18.

Nice to see you so animated. Clearly a big football supporter yourself.

:09:19.:09:26.

Pakistan's largest airport has reopened

:09:27.:09:28.

after an overnight battle between Taliban gunmen and police that left

:09:29.:09:31.

Witnesses living nearby said it sounded like war had broken

:09:32.:09:35.

On Sunday evening ten attackers stormed Jinnah International

:09:36.:09:40.

They entered an area used mainly for cargo and private flights,

:09:41.:09:46.

hurling grenades, firing automatic weapons and rocket launchers.

:09:47.:09:49.

Pakistan's Taliban has claimed responsibility,

:09:50.:09:50.

Turned into a virtual war zone, Pakistan's biggest airport,

:09:51.:10:12.

in a battle that lasted all night until Government troops finally

:10:13.:10:15.

As the wounded were evacuated, burning cargo buildings lit up

:10:16.:10:22.

the night sky, an eerie site in what is normally

:10:23.:10:26.

Just how heavily armed the ten attackers were is clear

:10:27.:10:32.

Grenades, rocket launchers and suicide belts.

:10:33.:10:38.

Also food and water, suggesting they were planning a siege, or to hijack

:10:39.:10:42.

Pakistan's Government praised its troops for their swift response.

:10:43.:10:52.

Our forces have done a tremendous job.

:10:53.:10:55.

We saw how quickly they controlled the situation.

:10:56.:11:02.

Our army and police tackled the situation nicely and killed all

:11:03.:11:11.

the terrorists involved in the incidents.

:11:12.:11:15.

In claiming responsibility a spokesman for the Pakistan

:11:16.:11:18.

Taliban said the attack was in revenge for the death of this leader

:11:19.:11:21.

But he also warned more attacks were planned.

:11:22.:11:26.

They are not the same as Afghanistan's Taliban, but there

:11:27.:11:38.

are links. The Islamic insurgency is against Pakistan's Government.

:11:39.:11:41.

Recent attempts at peace talks by Pakistan's prime minister caused

:11:42.:11:45.

a split in their ranks and it is possible this attack was to try to

:11:46.:11:49.

It would have caused a lot of material damage

:11:50.:11:53.

if they had hit commercial airliners and it would have provided them with

:11:54.:11:57.

the iconic images that they need in their campaign.

:11:58.:11:59.

The attack was less devastating than it might have been,

:12:00.:12:02.

but it still raises questions about Pakistan's security.

:12:03.:12:09.

In the UK, a political row has broken out over schools in England's

:12:10.:12:12.

England's education watchdog says six schools in Birmingham have been

:12:13.:12:19.

Those schools have now been placed under what's been described

:12:20.:12:23.

as special measures, and the Prime Minister David Cameron

:12:24.:12:26.

is calling for snap inspections of all schools in the country.

:12:27.:12:29.

Birmingham schools have endured months of leaks and rumours

:12:30.:12:33.

Today, a damning verdict for five of them, with Ofsted condemning

:12:34.:12:37.

a culture of fear and intimidation that was quite shocking.

:12:38.:12:41.

Some headteachers, including those with a proud record of raising

:12:42.:12:45.

standards, have been marginalised or forced out of their jobs.

:12:46.:12:49.

This has left a vacuum in which schools previously rated good or

:12:50.:12:55.

outstanding have suffered enormous staff turbulence, a collapse

:12:56.:12:59.

in morale, and a rapid decline in their overall effectiveness.

:13:00.:13:03.

Ofsted said there had been a deliberate attempt to change

:13:04.:13:06.

the ethos of the schools, with the curriculum being narrowed,

:13:07.:13:09.

and an exclusively Muslim culture in non-faith schools.

:13:10.:13:14.

Outside one of them today, Park View, opinions were sharply

:13:15.:13:17.

In 2001, people achieving A* to C was any five to 7%.

:13:18.:13:25.

Now, it's 76%, it is a huge achievement.

:13:26.:13:29.

So, the haters, the people who are against the school, don't want us

:13:30.:13:33.

We do have Islamic assemblies but they just teach lessons like,

:13:34.:13:36.

being nice to one another, being nice to your parents.

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It's not like we have courses on how to make bombs.

:13:39.:13:45.

You can, you can, but you can't have a girlfriend or boyfriend,

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And in Islam, you can't have an girlfriend or boyfriend either.

:13:49.:13:54.

Yeah, but it's not an Islamic school.

:13:55.:13:56.

Yeah, it does feel like an Islamic school, but it's not supposed to be.

:13:57.:14:01.

There is something wrong that two years ago, a school that has been

:14:02.:14:05.

rated as outstanding in all the different sections

:14:06.:14:07.

of the report, 18 months later, has been classed as inadequate.

:14:08.:14:10.

There is a failing in the process of Ofsted or,

:14:11.:14:13.

they have come back here with a political agenda to look for certain

:14:14.:14:17.

Earlier, their teachers expressed anger that

:14:18.:14:18.

their school, which was found to be outstanding by inspectors two years

:14:19.:14:22.

Ofsted inspectors came to our schools looking for extremism,

:14:23.:14:27.

looking for segregation, looking proof that our children

:14:28.:14:30.

have religion forced upon them as part of an Islamic plot.

:14:31.:14:34.

Excuse me. The Ofsted reports found absolutely

:14:35.:14:36.

because this is categorically not what is happening in our schools.

:14:37.:14:42.

At this school, Oldknow, Ofsted says a small group

:14:43.:14:45.

of governors has been promoting a narrow faith-based ideology,

:14:46.:14:49.

But the school principal, curently on sick leave,

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said she had been targeted by a hostile governing body.

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I'm upset, because I am the principal of Oldview academy and

:15:00.:15:02.

I have been treated in this manner. It's disgraceful.

:15:03.:15:05.

The Education Secretary today said he would take decisive action.

:15:06.:15:09.

Schools that are proven to have failed will be taken over,

:15:10.:15:12.

put under new leadership and taken in a fresh new direction.

:15:13.:15:18.

On today's evidence, schools in Birmingham have been

:15:19.:15:20.

subject to an organised attempt in some cases to entrench

:15:21.:15:23.

But whether or not that amounts to extremism will be hotly debated.

:15:24.:15:32.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:15:33.:15:35.

Syria's President, Bashar al-Assad, has announced a general amnesty for

:15:36.:15:39.

prisoners in the country, but it's not clear if opposition activists or

:15:40.:15:42.

The announcement comes just days after Assad won a third term

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in elections that the opposition and Western nations

:15:49.:15:52.

India's new government has set out its plans for rapid economic reform.

:15:53.:15:58.

President Pranab Mukherjee says the government will provide water,

:15:59.:16:01.

power and a toilet to every home within the next eight years.

:16:02.:16:05.

He's also promised a zero tolerance approach to violence against women.

:16:06.:16:11.

And Egypt's Interior Ministry says seven men have been arrested

:16:12.:16:14.

on suspicion of sexually assaulting women at celebrations for

:16:15.:16:18.

President Abdul Fattah al Sisi's inauguration on Sunday.

:16:19.:16:22.

The arrests come amid growing outrage over a graphic

:16:23.:16:25.

video that shows a woman being sexually assaulted, allegedly during

:16:26.:16:29.

Japan says it intends to resume its international whale hunt. The Prime

:16:30.:16:51.

Minister told a Parliamentary hearing that his government is

:16:52.:16:55.

committed to the eventual resumption of commercial whaling.

:16:56.:16:59.

In just over 100 days, Scotland will decide whether to stay part of the

:17:00.:17:03.

Opinion polls suggest the No campaign is maintaining

:17:04.:17:07.

its lead with 58% of voters wanting to stay in the union.

:17:08.:17:11.

But Scotland's First Minister says the credibility of its Yes

:17:12.:17:15.

For more on this, let's go to the BBC's Rob Watson who

:17:16.:17:22.

First of all, give us a brief assessment of the two campaigns.

:17:23.:17:33.

I think there is no doubt that the yes campaign has been very vibrant,

:17:34.:17:41.

they are after all campaigning for their lifetime ideal. The no

:17:42.:17:44.

campaign, if you like, has been set by some of the problems that you

:17:45.:17:49.

would get from parties that are often at odds with each other, the

:17:50.:17:54.

political party that favour union. Overall it has become rather

:17:55.:17:57.

distilled. We know what the yes campaign stands for, they believe

:17:58.:18:01.

that there is a logical proposition that Scotland would be best

:18:02.:18:04.

governed, purely, from this building behind here in Edinburgh. The no

:18:05.:18:08.

campaign is founded on this fundamental idea that the union has

:18:09.:18:13.

been incredibly successful for 300 years, why would you risk damaging

:18:14.:18:16.

it? You get those in the no camp we

:18:17.:18:20.

say, we might end up sleepwalking into independence because their

:18:21.:18:25.

voters are less inclined to go out and vote in that referendum. The

:18:26.:18:28.

pro-independence voters armour motivated. -- are more motivated. I

:18:29.:18:36.

do not think there is any doubt that there is a lot of gaming and has

:18:37.:18:40.

been going on about how you interpret the polls, harmony people

:18:41.:18:44.

are really undecided to come and what about turnout. The yes campaign

:18:45.:18:47.

is try to put out the line that this will be so momentous that when

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Scottish people have been given this chance on September 18, they are

:18:53.:18:55.

going to think, I do not want to throw away this industry --

:18:56.:19:00.

opportunity to go independent. I think the no campaign are basing

:19:01.:19:04.

their hopes on this idea that the Scottish people are inherently quite

:19:05.:19:07.

conservative with a small fee, and while they might be tempted into the

:19:08.:19:13.

idea of independence, the majority will say at the last minute, not

:19:14.:19:17.

sure about this, too much uncertainty. How much influence does

:19:18.:19:23.

outside in -- opinion have? For example, President Obama saying last

:19:24.:19:27.

week he thinks the UK would be better off staying united. Well, far

:19:28.:19:33.

be it from me to downplay the influence of President Obama, but I

:19:34.:19:38.

think the sense is here in Scotland that intervention such as that, they

:19:39.:19:42.

very much make a splash on the day that they are made, but I think to

:19:43.:19:47.

try and give some context to those outside of Scotland, the people here

:19:48.:19:51.

have been listening to the arguments for and against since 2011, since

:19:52.:19:55.

the Scottish National party won the parliamentary elections here. So

:19:56.:20:00.

people are really steeped in this stuff. I think interventions from

:20:01.:20:04.

outside the United Kingdom probably don't have much effect. Have some of

:20:05.:20:08.

the interventions from London had an effect, such as the government

:20:09.:20:12.

saying, we are not keen to have you using the pound? There may be other

:20:13.:20:16.

convocations? I suspect they will have. Even amongst voters who do not

:20:17.:20:22.

like that sort of message, it leaves an impression somewhere. Thank you

:20:23.:20:30.

very much indeed. The referendum is 100 days away.

:20:31.:20:33.

The post of President of the European Commission is

:20:34.:20:35.

the most high profile job in the European Union and there is

:20:36.:20:38.

The British Prime Minister David Cameron is in the thick

:20:39.:20:43.

of the behind the scenes negotiations to try to

:20:44.:20:45.

prevent an arch federalist like the front runner Jean-Claude Juncker

:20:46.:20:48.

In the next few hours, Mr Cameron will be meeting

:20:49.:20:52.

his counterparts from Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden in

:20:53.:20:54.

Stockholm to try to influence the race for the Commission President.

:20:55.:20:59.

Joining me from Brussels is the Europe analyst

:21:00.:21:01.

and senior adviser to the European Policy Centre, Jacki Davis.

:21:02.:21:11.

Commission president, not officially on the agenda on these talks, but

:21:12.:21:15.

hard to imagine it is not going to be discussed. Absolutely, as you

:21:16.:21:20.

say, responsibly what they are there to talk about is not the

:21:21.:21:23.

personalities for the next five years, who will run the EU, but the

:21:24.:21:28.

programme. This is a group of economic liberals, they want to

:21:29.:21:32.

focus on the reform agenda for Europe, from measures to boost

:21:33.:21:36.

economic growth, job creation, make Europe more competitive. They are

:21:37.:21:39.

discussing the programme but given the battle royal that is developing

:21:40.:21:45.

over who should be the next commission president, personalities

:21:46.:21:48.

are important. It is an imaginable that they will not discuss this in

:21:49.:21:52.

the margins. And John Claude Junker seems to be the man that the man

:21:53.:22:01.

that a lot of people want to stop, an arch federalist. There have been

:22:02.:22:04.

a lot of fluid allegations about him, it has become quite personal

:22:05.:22:08.

and nasty according to his own aides. Absolutely, it is not just

:22:09.:22:13.

about his views on Europe, there is a sense that he is part of the

:22:14.:22:18.

European old guard. The former Luxembourg Prime Minister, chair of

:22:19.:22:22.

the Euro group, the Eurozone finance ministers. Seen as a traditional

:22:23.:22:26.

European integrationist. There are those like the four who are meeting

:22:27.:22:30.

tonight and tomorrow who really wants to focus on a new agenda and

:22:31.:22:34.

say we need fresh faces and thinking. That is the personality

:22:35.:22:38.

element of it. There is also a process argument. There is a battle

:22:39.:22:43.

between EU leaders, governments, and the newly elected European

:22:44.:22:46.

Parliament. They say Jean-Claude Juncker was the candidate of the

:22:47.:22:49.

biggest group in the Parliament, that emerged with the most votes,

:22:50.:22:53.

and therefore he should get the job. Government leaders are saying,

:22:54.:22:57.

that is not your job. We choose who we would like to run the UV #

:22:58.:23:02.

executive and you get to approve it. This is being played out on so many

:23:03.:23:07.

different levels. Some object to the man, some object to his approach on

:23:08.:23:13.

policies, and many object to the process. Some predicting this

:23:14.:23:16.

argument will be resolved by June but it could run into autumn. Where

:23:17.:23:21.

is the all-powerful Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany on this? She

:23:22.:23:24.

has supported him but it seems a bit tepid now. She has got a nightmare

:23:25.:23:31.

problem. She is not that enthusiastic about him but she went

:23:32.:23:34.

along with the process of him being the candidate of the party that her

:23:35.:23:38.

group belongs to in the European Parliament. She is now being told to

:23:39.:23:42.

honour that and has come under huge pressure in the German media from

:23:43.:23:45.

her coalition partners, and also people saying, do not back David

:23:46.:23:51.

Cameron, he is bullying the rest of Europe in his refusal to accept John

:23:52.:23:55.

called Junker. But she will want consensus, she is caught between a

:23:56.:24:00.

rock and a hard place. One of Britain's best known

:24:01.:24:02.

comedy actors Rik Mayall has He starred in some

:24:03.:24:05.

of the most successful comedy series of the Eighties and Nineties,

:24:06.:24:10.

like The Young Ones and Blackadder. Police and paramedics were called to

:24:11.:24:13.

Rik Mayall's house in South West London at lunchtime

:24:14.:24:15.

but he died at the scene. His death is not thought

:24:16.:24:19.

to be suspicious. Here's our arts correspondent

:24:20.:24:21.

David Sillito. Will you stop making that

:24:22.:24:24.

revolting noise, Vyvyan? You know I'm ill!

:24:25.:24:28.

Stop shouting, Neil! Desperately right on,

:24:29.:24:31.

more than a little tragic. If you want to hear shouting, matey,

:24:32.:24:33.

this is it. Aaargh! Rick in The Young Ones wasn't just

:24:34.:24:37.

a funny character. If you were a student in the 80s,

:24:38.:24:40.

you probably met someone a bit Oh, now, how ruddy considerate,

:24:41.:24:44.

Vyvyan, thank you very much! Alternative comedy had landed

:24:45.:24:49.

on television. Over the next 15 years,

:24:50.:24:51.

Rik Mayall and Ade Edmondson took that template...

:24:52.:24:57.

Aargh! And just turned up the volume, with

:24:58.:24:59.

a hyperactive cartoon violence. They had met university

:25:00.:25:03.

in Manchester in the 70s, and became part of the new world

:25:04.:25:07.

of the comedy club. Shut up!

:25:08.:25:09.

But it was his idea for a sitcom about four students

:25:10.:25:14.

that made his name. You haven't got an MP, Rick,

:25:15.:25:16.

you're an anarchist. Oh, well,

:25:17.:25:21.

then I shall write to the lead If you needed comic swagger,

:25:22.:25:24.

he was your man. Hooray!

:25:25.:25:28.

Hooray! Where haven't I been?

:25:29.:25:35.

Woof! But in 1998, Rik Mayall suffered

:25:36.:25:39.

very serious injuries Copy that, Sergeant,

:25:40.:25:43.

I can report the Batnet has just He did, though,

:25:44.:25:50.

return to our screens. Last year, he appeared on Jonathan

:25:51.:25:54.

Creek. David Walliams, Bob Mortimer,

:25:55.:25:57.

Helen Lederer, Eric Idle, have all this afternoon spoken of their

:25:58.:26:01.

sadness, the loss of a great talent, whose place in comedy history will

:26:02.:26:04.

always be that moment back in the early 80s when a Cliff loving

:26:05.:26:09.

anarchist led the charge of a new generation of comedians and a new

:26:10.:26:13.

way of making us laugh. Who's been tampering with

:26:14.:26:17.

my question cards? Three days before the start

:26:18.:26:19.

of football World Cup in Brazil, protests are continuing

:26:20.:26:31.

in the country's largest city, Sao Paulo, despite riot police

:26:32.:26:34.

earlier firing tear gas to force one The demonstration began as a show

:26:35.:26:37.

of support for metro workers, who've been on strike since last

:26:38.:26:41.

Thursday demanding higher pay. Hello. Whilst the sun it has been

:26:42.:26:59.

hot and humid today, others have had some torrential downpours. Through

:27:00.:27:04.

the night we will keep some showers around and still

:27:05.:27:06.

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