10/06/2014 World News Today


10/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, with me Philippa Thomas.

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One of its biggest cities is now under the

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control of Islamists, hundreds of prisoners are on the run, and there

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The jihadist fighters took over Mosul as police and army officers

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fled, and thousands of civilians are now trying to get

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TRANSLATION: All of the people have fled, they have left their homes,

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and people are lying dead on the streets.

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The Taliban strike Pakistan's largest airport again -

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security forces in Karachi come under attack a day after militants

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Trapped deep beneath the surface of the earth - 200 rescuers race to

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save an injured man stranded inside one of Europe's most

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TRANSLATION: It is quite interesting, though difficult. They

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speak differently. And schooling through soccer -

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how Brazil's children are learning about new countries,

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thanks to the World Cup. Images like these remind us

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of the Iraq war at its peak - thousands of families fleeing their

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homes for safety, with barely enough But these are images taken today,

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two and a half years These are civilians leaving

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their homes because of the Islamic takeover of one

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of Iraq's biggest cities, Mosul, Those responsible belong to

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the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIS, an offshoot

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of Al Qaeda that has already seized But this is their boldest move yet,

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one that has given them control After four days of this, the jihadi

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's are effectively in control of Iraq's second largest city. DCs

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control of the port and the jails. 1000 prisoners escaped, it is said.

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The government broadcast an appeal for the men to resist the militants.

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Police and soldiers abandoned the posts as well. Many refugees

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followed them. TRANSLATION: The army dissolved. They were terrified. They

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fled, so we left as well. TRANSLATION: The commanders were the

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first to flee, leaving the soldiers alone. The commanders are to blame.

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TRANSLATION: All of the people have fled, they have left their homes and

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many people were lying dead on the streets. Will Iraq except this? Wrap

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Carmack Iraq will not accept this -- Iraq will not accept this, says the

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Prime Minister. Plumes of smoke hanging over the city from abandoned

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and looted police stations. The Islamic world have fresh weapons

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even if they lose most of them now -- the Islamic state.

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Laith Kubba is a former spokesman for the Iraqi

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government, now a senior director with the National Endowment

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Welcome. What does this say about the state that Iraq is in? They have

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passed the new threshold. Those who attacked the city are a few hundred

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of ISIS, but this was an army that was allowed to grow over the last

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few years. They are very well equipped, they have, and structure,

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and infrastructure of communication. They have managed to run a number of

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operations against three or four cities in Iraq, many multiple fronts

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at the same time effectively and successfully. The fact that the

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Iraqi army cannot defend the second largest city, it is most alarming.

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Of course, the Prime Minister, as commander-in-chief of all of the

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Armed Forces and the Prime Minister, he bears the responsibility for

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this. But it is an indication of much serious these -- much more

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serious fears that Iraq is going through. Do you think that Iraq can

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cope alone, or do you think there has to be reading answer? There is

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no question that ISIS is not exclusively and Iraq problem. It now

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has solid supply lines of arms and men and recruits, not only from

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Syria but from all over the region. I think their recent successes are

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going to become a magnet where more people will join an anti-war just

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get stronger. -- and they will just get stronger. The whole thing can

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start unfolding internally, perhaps with more tensions and breakdown of

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authority. If the Iraqi army cannot defend cities then why should

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anybody go back to Baghdad? But for the rest of the region, if this

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force is allowed to grow beyond this, now that the control vast

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territories with white numbers of soldiers with successes, I think

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that Jardine should be worried, other countries should be worried in

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the region. -- Jordan. It is no longer a great throwing skirmishes

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and a great throwing skirmishes and attacks here and more serious threat

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that will take months, if not longer, to confront. I understand

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that you have family roots in Mosul. Put Kurdish forces join with those

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in Baghdad? Regrettably those issues are being politicised in a very

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petty, silly way, while the Titanic is sinking. I think that politicians

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are just scrambling about, dividing power. They have come out of the

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elections and are squabbling about Bashir of elections and positions.

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-- about oil and positions. The Kurds do not feel immediately

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threatened by this. It is somebody else's territory. So I think that

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the leaders of Iraq bear the first and full responsibility for the

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deterioration. They can do more. Bear in mind, Iraq had an army that

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kept Iran in check for eight years in the 1980s and now it cannot even

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stand an attack of a few hundreds from this new force. This says a lot

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about how far Iraq has deteriorated as a state and other government.

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Thank you for your time and your insight.

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A day after security forces regained control of Karachi's airport

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from militants, gunmen on motorbikes have fired shots at a training camp

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used by security forces just outside the airport's perimeter.

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The Taliban says it was responsible and a hunt is under way

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From Islamabad, the BBC's Mike Wooldridge has more.

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A new gunfight today, at the end of Pakistan's busiest airport. The

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target was a balding close to the airport perimeter used by the

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specialist security forces for training and weapons storage. The

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greatest clash erupted, according to officials, when two gunmen tried to

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enter the security building firing shots. They then fled. The army and

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police bring in reinforcements. At the moment, the situation is 100%

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under control. No terrorist is present in the area. No one has

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penetrated security. Flights are operating normally. Pakistan's Prime

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Minister called for the attackers to be eliminated. Today, the bodies of

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seven more victims of Sunday's attack were recovered. They had

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taken refuge in a cold storage building and died a day before they

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could be rescued. In all of this, there are tragic echoes of the cycle

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of violence that accompanied Taliban militancy at its peak year only

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months after peace negotiations made a halting start.

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Now a look at some of the day?s other news.

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At least six people have been killed by violent storms

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Most of the victims were killed by falling trees.

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Trains were cancelled and flights diverted in Dusseldorf

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and Cologne, as gusts of wind reached more than 150km an hour.

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Weather forecasters are now issuing storm warnings for Hannover

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US military sources have confirmed that five American soldiers have

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been killed accidentally by their own side in southern Afghanistan.

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Two Afghans were also killed in the incident, which happened on Monday

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during a joint operation by Afghan and US troops in Zabul province.

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In South Korea the trial has begun of the captain

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They're on trial for murder, for their actions in the Sewol

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Divers are still searching for victims at the site

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of the sinking which left more than 300 people dead.

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A further 11 crew members are facing lesser charges.

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An international four-day summit on how to end sexual violence during

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The event, hosted by the British foreign secretary William Hague

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and the actress and UN special envoy Angelina Jolie,

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is the culmination of a two-year campaign to raise awareness.

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It produced a Declaration of Commitment to End Sexual Violence

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in Conflict and that's been endorsed by 148 countries.

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Let's listen to some of what Angelina Jolie had to say.

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We really do need your help. This whole subject has been taboo for far

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too long. War zone rape is a crime that thrives on silence. And on

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denial. The stigma Himes survivors and it causes feelings of shame and

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worthlessness, it feeds ignorance, such as the notion that rape has

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anything to do with normal sexual impulses. But most of all, it allows

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the rapist to get away with it. FIFA President Sepp Blatter is

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facing growing calls to step The head of the

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Dutch Football Association said Blatter should not stand

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because FIFA had been too badly Blatter was also challenged over

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his claims that critics of the 2022 World Cup in Qatar were motivated

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by racism and discrimination. The calls were made

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as football officials met in Sao Paulo to discuss

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the allegations of corruption just two days before the start of this

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year's tournament in Brazil. Well, as those officials gather,

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football fans across Brazil are counting down the

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hours until the World Cup opening But while excitement is growing,

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there's still also a great deal of anger over the billions spent

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on the tournament - with protests across the country

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showing little sign of dying down. The BBC's Julia Carneiro is in Rio

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with the latest. Are there are still threats to

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disrupt the tournament itself? There are several protest planned for

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during the tournament, also for the day of the opening match, in several

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cities, in Rio, Sao Paulo. But whether they will be large and have

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the capacity to disrupt the match or things that are going on in the

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country, that is still very unclear. The skill that we saw last year and

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the demonstrations was very large -- the scale. Everything that has been

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happening recently has been much smaller. There has been nothing in

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that scale of hundreds of thousands of people in the street as we saw

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last year. What is new is that joining the protest movement is that

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joining the protest movements there have been lots of strokes, Sao Paulo

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for instance, something which could disrupt the opening match of the

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Strait of underground workers. They have decided to have an assembly

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rate before the opening match on Wednesday evening to decide whether

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they will strike on the Thursday or not. So these movements, the

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underground workers for instance, and other classes of workers, from

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these industrial actions, it could lead to destruction during the World

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Cup. -- disruption. 200 rescuers from Germany, Italy,

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Switzerland and Austria are working to bring out an injured man stuck

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inside one of the most complicated The 52-year-old researcher was one

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of the first to discover the Riesending cave,

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which is near the town of He was exploring it further

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when he was injured by falling rocks Let's talk more about the challenges

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of this rescue operation. I'm joined from Sheffield by

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Bill Whitehouse, chairman What do you think is the most

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difficult thing about this operation? The size of the

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operation. It is an enormous cave. The deepest and longest in Germany

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and goes down to about 1100 metres deep. There are a total of 19

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kilometres of passages. He is about 1000 metres from the entrance and

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about six kilometres horizontally. I think the biggest shaft is about 300

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metres deep. You must get down all these shafts. You must go down on

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single rope is and come back up the same ropes. After about 900 metres,

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it gets more horizontal. There are a lot of constricted passages and it

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is very cold, about three degrees at this time of year. It is damp and

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completely dark all the time. It sounds terrifying. Something that

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strikes me is how can the people at the top know what is happening

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underground? Can make communicate? -- can they communicate? Radios and

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mobiles don't work through solid rock so you can either lay a phone

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line or use special radios which allow you to send text messages

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about 1000 metres maximum. It is like being able to send messages

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from one point to another but you can't communicate between -- if you

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are between those points. How will they look after the medical

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condition of this man as they bring him out? How do they supply him with

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drugs or check his condition? It depends on his condition. I have

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heard he is not as bad as first thought. I think he is able to stand

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and walk a little bit. What condition he is an will depend on

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what they have to do. The first-team will reach and 24 hours after his

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accident so they will be interested in attending him medically and

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stabilising him and keeping him warm and fed and getting into the

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condition before evacuation. How the evacuation goes will depend on

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whether he can move himself or whether he must be in a stretcher.

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If that is the case it will be a very long exercise. If he can walk

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through some of the parts and perhaps only goal in a stretcher to

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go up the egg shafts then it will be quicker.

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The British government has admitted that royal pardons were secretly

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given to paramilitaries in Northern Ireland in return for information

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But the current Northern Ireland Secretary has told the BBC details

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of who received the pardons should not be published because it could

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Our Ireland correspondent Chris Buckler has the details.

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In cemeteries across Northern Ireland there are headstones that

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remember the murdered, loved ones killed in acts of terrorism. In many

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cases, there have never been convictions. This man was shot dead

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by the IRA as he left work in 1982. His family learned during a review

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of the case that the main suspect had been given a so-called On The

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Run letter. It is so wrong. I can't understand why a government would do

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this to people, to innocent victims. The On The Run scheme was made

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public recently. The man was the main suspect in the Hyde Park

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bombing and although he always denied involvement. The letters are

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the focus of a judge led inquiry and a House of Commons committee. To

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deal with some cases, the government used the Royal prerogative of mercy

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which is more usually known as a royal pardon. Documents relating to

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some of these are missing. The government has admitted that royal

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pardons were used in some terrorist related incidents as far back as the

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1980s. Yes, there were some. It was used in relation to cases where

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people may be released early on compassionate grounds if they had

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terminal illnesses and also in some instances, I understand, in exchange

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for information provided to assist the police in prosecuting other

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people. It is believed the pardons involved people who gave evidence in

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support grass trials. -- super grass. People will begin to ask what

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else can we not know about and what other deals have been done. In

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Northern Ireland, people are still hurting as a result of years of

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violence and politics remains chained to the past.

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And now the latest in our Living Online series.

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One year ago, photography was just a hobby for Daniel Arnold.

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Dissatisfied with his corporate job, he walked the streets of New York

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taking pictures of the unusual sights of the city.

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My name is Daniel Arnold and I am a photographer living in Brooklyn New

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York. I have been photographing New York for 11 years. I always had a

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camera in my hand. I try to capture things as they happen, not

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interrupted or asking for permission or opposing anything. There were two

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ladies on a bench and they were not paying attention to their dog and

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another dog came past with a horrible ferocious beast face.

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Sometimes I just feel moved by something, a quirk or oddity about

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something. I think there is something about timelessness where

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people can't be placed that really draws me to that. I started putting

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photographs on Instagram two years ago and I got a really good

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response. The fact I press a button and what ever I saw goes to 52,000

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people is incredible. It's unheard of and bizarre. An April Fools' Day

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last year, I quit a job at Nickelodeon. My occupation at this

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point is to go and wonder. -- wander. I asked people to send me a

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shot on Instagram and I would give them money. Instead of having to

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figure out how to eat tomorrow, Ali sold -- I sold lots of pictures.

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Once people start paying attention to my work, they see things

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differently. That is so cool. I have been able to translate those first

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more personal successes into some traditional work. I have got several

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editorial jobs and done commercial work. The assignment is go and do

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your thing, do what you do. Back to the World Cup now,

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and some schools in Brazil are using the upcoming tournament to motivate

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pupils to learn more geography. In several Brazilian cities

:24:30.:24:31.

which are hosting national football teams, classes are now focusing on

:24:32.:24:34.

those countries - some of which were completely

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unknown to the students before now. TRANSLATION: I had never heard of

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Bosnia but I decided to research its government to learn more. They have

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three presidents, representatives from Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia.

:25:08.:25:16.

TRANSLATION: So I started to learn about Mexico here at the

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storytelling room. We learned about Frieda Callow -- Frida Kahlo.

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TRANSLATION: Yesterday I learned about their language. Football and

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their lives overall. It is quite interesting, though difficult. They

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speak a bit differently. But it is really interesting. I even learned a

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little word. Welcome in Algerian. It is Algerian, right?

:26:19.:26:29.

Iraq's Prime Minister has put the country on maximum alert

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and urged parliament to declare a state of emergency after Islamist

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militants effectively took control of the city of Mosul.

:26:37.:26:38.

Nouri Maliki acknowledged "vital areas" of the country's second

:26:39.:27:02.

Today, with sunshine in East Anglia, we nearly got to

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