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This is BBC World News Today, with me Philippa Thomas.
One of its biggest cities is now under the
control of Islamists, hundreds of prisoners are on the run, and there
The jihadist fighters took over Mosul as police and army officers
fled, and thousands of civilians are now trying to get
TRANSLATION: All of the people have fled, they have left their homes,
and people are lying dead on the streets.
The Taliban strike Pakistan's largest airport again -
security forces in Karachi come under attack a day after militants
Trapped deep beneath the surface of the earth - 200 rescuers race to
save an injured man stranded inside one of Europe's most
TRANSLATION: It is quite interesting, though difficult. They
speak differently. And schooling through soccer -
how Brazil's children are learning about new countries,
thanks to the World Cup. Images like these remind us
of the Iraq war at its peak - thousands of families fleeing their
homes for safety, with barely enough But these are images taken today,
two and a half years These are civilians leaving
their homes because of the Islamic takeover of one
of Iraq's biggest cities, Mosul, Those responsible belong to
the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIS, an offshoot
of Al Qaeda that has already seized But this is their boldest move yet,
one that has given them control After four days of this, the jihadi
's are effectively in control of Iraq's second largest city. DCs
control of the port and the jails. 1000 prisoners escaped, it is said.
The government broadcast an appeal for the men to resist the militants.
Police and soldiers abandoned the posts as well. Many refugees
followed them. TRANSLATION: The army dissolved. They were terrified. They
fled, so we left as well. TRANSLATION: The commanders were the
first to flee, leaving the soldiers alone. The commanders are to blame.
TRANSLATION: All of the people have fled, they have left their homes and
many people were lying dead on the streets. Will Iraq except this? Wrap
Carmack Iraq will not accept this -- Iraq will not accept this, says the
Prime Minister. Plumes of smoke hanging over the city from abandoned
and looted police stations. The Islamic world have fresh weapons
even if they lose most of them now -- the Islamic state.
Laith Kubba is a former spokesman for the Iraqi
government, now a senior director with the National Endowment
Welcome. What does this say about the state that Iraq is in? They have
passed the new threshold. Those who attacked the city are a few hundred
of ISIS, but this was an army that was allowed to grow over the last
few years. They are very well equipped, they have, and structure,
and infrastructure of communication. They have managed to run a number of
operations against three or four cities in Iraq, many multiple fronts
at the same time effectively and successfully. The fact that the
Iraqi army cannot defend the second largest city, it is most alarming.
Of course, the Prime Minister, as commander-in-chief of all of the
Armed Forces and the Prime Minister, he bears the responsibility for
this. But it is an indication of much serious these -- much more
serious fears that Iraq is going through. Do you think that Iraq can
cope alone, or do you think there has to be reading answer? There is
no question that ISIS is not exclusively and Iraq problem. It now
has solid supply lines of arms and men and recruits, not only from
Syria but from all over the region. I think their recent successes are
going to become a magnet where more people will join an anti-war just
get stronger. -- and they will just get stronger. The whole thing can
start unfolding internally, perhaps with more tensions and breakdown of
authority. If the Iraqi army cannot defend cities then why should
anybody go back to Baghdad? But for the rest of the region, if this
force is allowed to grow beyond this, now that the control vast
territories with white numbers of soldiers with successes, I think
that Jardine should be worried, other countries should be worried in
the region. -- Jordan. It is no longer a great throwing skirmishes
and a great throwing skirmishes and attacks here and more serious threat
that will take months, if not longer, to confront. I understand
that you have family roots in Mosul. Put Kurdish forces join with those
in Baghdad? Regrettably those issues are being politicised in a very
petty, silly way, while the Titanic is sinking. I think that politicians
are just scrambling about, dividing power. They have come out of the
elections and are squabbling about Bashir of elections and positions.
-- about oil and positions. The Kurds do not feel immediately
threatened by this. It is somebody else's territory. So I think that
the leaders of Iraq bear the first and full responsibility for the
deterioration. They can do more. Bear in mind, Iraq had an army that
kept Iran in check for eight years in the 1980s and now it cannot even
stand an attack of a few hundreds from this new force. This says a lot
about how far Iraq has deteriorated as a state and other government.
Thank you for your time and your insight.
A day after security forces regained control of Karachi's airport
from militants, gunmen on motorbikes have fired shots at a training camp
used by security forces just outside the airport's perimeter.
The Taliban says it was responsible and a hunt is under way
From Islamabad, the BBC's Mike Wooldridge has more.
A new gunfight today, at the end of Pakistan's busiest airport. The
target was a balding close to the airport perimeter used by the
specialist security forces for training and weapons storage. The
greatest clash erupted, according to officials, when two gunmen tried to
enter the security building firing shots. They then fled. The army and
police bring in reinforcements. At the moment, the situation is 100%
under control. No terrorist is present in the area. No one has
penetrated security. Flights are operating normally. Pakistan's Prime
Minister called for the attackers to be eliminated. Today, the bodies of
seven more victims of Sunday's attack were recovered. They had
taken refuge in a cold storage building and died a day before they
could be rescued. In all of this, there are tragic echoes of the cycle
of violence that accompanied Taliban militancy at its peak year only
months after peace negotiations made a halting start.
Now a look at some of the day?s other news.
At least six people have been killed by violent storms
Most of the victims were killed by falling trees.
Trains were cancelled and flights diverted in Dusseldorf
and Cologne, as gusts of wind reached more than 150km an hour.
Weather forecasters are now issuing storm warnings for Hannover
US military sources have confirmed that five American soldiers have
been killed accidentally by their own side in southern Afghanistan.
Two Afghans were also killed in the incident, which happened on Monday
during a joint operation by Afghan and US troops in Zabul province.
In South Korea the trial has begun of the captain
They're on trial for murder, for their actions in the Sewol
Divers are still searching for victims at the site
of the sinking which left more than 300 people dead.
A further 11 crew members are facing lesser charges.
An international four-day summit on how to end sexual violence during
The event, hosted by the British foreign secretary William Hague
and the actress and UN special envoy Angelina Jolie,
is the culmination of a two-year campaign to raise awareness.
It produced a Declaration of Commitment to End Sexual Violence
in Conflict and that's been endorsed by 148 countries.
Let's listen to some of what Angelina Jolie had to say.
We really do need your help. This whole subject has been taboo for far
too long. War zone rape is a crime that thrives on silence. And on
denial. The stigma Himes survivors and it causes feelings of shame and
worthlessness, it feeds ignorance, such as the notion that rape has
anything to do with normal sexual impulses. But most of all, it allows
the rapist to get away with it. FIFA President Sepp Blatter is
facing growing calls to step The head of the
Dutch Football Association said Blatter should not stand
because FIFA had been too badly Blatter was also challenged over
his claims that critics of the 2022 World Cup in Qatar were motivated
by racism and discrimination. The calls were made
as football officials met in Sao Paulo to discuss
the allegations of corruption just two days before the start of this
year's tournament in Brazil. Well, as those officials gather,
football fans across Brazil are counting down the
hours until the World Cup opening But while excitement is growing,
there's still also a great deal of anger over the billions spent
on the tournament - with protests across the country
showing little sign of dying down. The BBC's Julia Carneiro is in Rio
with the latest. Are there are still threats to
disrupt the tournament itself? There are several protest planned for
during the tournament, also for the day of the opening match, in several
cities, in Rio, Sao Paulo. But whether they will be large and have
the capacity to disrupt the match or things that are going on in the
country, that is still very unclear. The skill that we saw last year and
the demonstrations was very large -- the scale. Everything that has been
happening recently has been much smaller. There has been nothing in
that scale of hundreds of thousands of people in the street as we saw
last year. What is new is that joining the protest movement is that
joining the protest movements there have been lots of strokes, Sao Paulo
for instance, something which could disrupt the opening match of the
Strait of underground workers. They have decided to have an assembly
rate before the opening match on Wednesday evening to decide whether
they will strike on the Thursday or not. So these movements, the
underground workers for instance, and other classes of workers, from
these industrial actions, it could lead to destruction during the World
Cup. -- disruption. 200 rescuers from Germany, Italy,
Switzerland and Austria are working to bring out an injured man stuck
inside one of the most complicated The 52-year-old researcher was one
of the first to discover the Riesending cave,
which is near the town of He was exploring it further
when he was injured by falling rocks Let's talk more about the challenges
of this rescue operation. I'm joined from Sheffield by
Bill Whitehouse, chairman What do you think is the most
difficult thing about this operation? The size of the
operation. It is an enormous cave. The deepest and longest in Germany
and goes down to about 1100 metres deep. There are a total of 19
kilometres of passages. He is about 1000 metres from the entrance and
about six kilometres horizontally. I think the biggest shaft is about 300
metres deep. You must get down all these shafts. You must go down on
single rope is and come back up the same ropes. After about 900 metres,
it gets more horizontal. There are a lot of constricted passages and it
is very cold, about three degrees at this time of year. It is damp and
completely dark all the time. It sounds terrifying. Something that
strikes me is how can the people at the top know what is happening
underground? Can make communicate? -- can they communicate? Radios and
mobiles don't work through solid rock so you can either lay a phone
line or use special radios which allow you to send text messages
about 1000 metres maximum. It is like being able to send messages
from one point to another but you can't communicate between -- if you
are between those points. How will they look after the medical
condition of this man as they bring him out? How do they supply him with
drugs or check his condition? It depends on his condition. I have
heard he is not as bad as first thought. I think he is able to stand
and walk a little bit. What condition he is an will depend on
what they have to do. The first-team will reach and 24 hours after his
accident so they will be interested in attending him medically and
stabilising him and keeping him warm and fed and getting into the
condition before evacuation. How the evacuation goes will depend on
whether he can move himself or whether he must be in a stretcher.
If that is the case it will be a very long exercise. If he can walk
through some of the parts and perhaps only goal in a stretcher to
go up the egg shafts then it will be quicker.
The British government has admitted that royal pardons were secretly
given to paramilitaries in Northern Ireland in return for information
But the current Northern Ireland Secretary has told the BBC details
of who received the pardons should not be published because it could
Our Ireland correspondent Chris Buckler has the details.
In cemeteries across Northern Ireland there are headstones that
remember the murdered, loved ones killed in acts of terrorism. In many
cases, there have never been convictions. This man was shot dead
by the IRA as he left work in 1982. His family learned during a review
of the case that the main suspect had been given a so-called On The
Run letter. It is so wrong. I can't understand why a government would do
this to people, to innocent victims. The On The Run scheme was made
public recently. The man was the main suspect in the Hyde Park
bombing and although he always denied involvement. The letters are
the focus of a judge led inquiry and a House of Commons committee. To
deal with some cases, the government used the Royal prerogative of mercy
which is more usually known as a royal pardon. Documents relating to
some of these are missing. The government has admitted that royal
pardons were used in some terrorist related incidents as far back as the
1980s. Yes, there were some. It was used in relation to cases where
people may be released early on compassionate grounds if they had
terminal illnesses and also in some instances, I understand, in exchange
for information provided to assist the police in prosecuting other
people. It is believed the pardons involved people who gave evidence in
support grass trials. -- super grass. People will begin to ask what
else can we not know about and what other deals have been done. In
Northern Ireland, people are still hurting as a result of years of
violence and politics remains chained to the past.
And now the latest in our Living Online series.
One year ago, photography was just a hobby for Daniel Arnold.
Dissatisfied with his corporate job, he walked the streets of New York
taking pictures of the unusual sights of the city.
My name is Daniel Arnold and I am a photographer living in Brooklyn New
York. I have been photographing New York for 11 years. I always had a
camera in my hand. I try to capture things as they happen, not
interrupted or asking for permission or opposing anything. There were two
ladies on a bench and they were not paying attention to their dog and
another dog came past with a horrible ferocious beast face.
Sometimes I just feel moved by something, a quirk or oddity about
something. I think there is something about timelessness where
people can't be placed that really draws me to that. I started putting
photographs on Instagram two years ago and I got a really good
response. The fact I press a button and what ever I saw goes to 52,000
people is incredible. It's unheard of and bizarre. An April Fools' Day
last year, I quit a job at Nickelodeon. My occupation at this
point is to go and wonder. -- wander. I asked people to send me a
shot on Instagram and I would give them money. Instead of having to
figure out how to eat tomorrow, Ali sold -- I sold lots of pictures.
Once people start paying attention to my work, they see things
differently. That is so cool. I have been able to translate those first
more personal successes into some traditional work. I have got several
editorial jobs and done commercial work. The assignment is go and do
your thing, do what you do. Back to the World Cup now,
and some schools in Brazil are using the upcoming tournament to motivate
pupils to learn more geography. In several Brazilian cities
which are hosting national football teams, classes are now focusing on
those countries - some of which were completely
unknown to the students before now. TRANSLATION: I had never heard of
Bosnia but I decided to research its government to learn more. They have
three presidents, representatives from Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia.
TRANSLATION: So I started to learn about Mexico here at the
storytelling room. We learned about Frieda Callow -- Frida Kahlo.
TRANSLATION: Yesterday I learned about their language. Football and
their lives overall. It is quite interesting, though difficult. They
speak a bit differently. But it is really interesting. I even learned a
little word. Welcome in Algerian. It is Algerian, right?
Iraq's Prime Minister has put the country on maximum alert
and urged parliament to declare a state of emergency after Islamist
militants effectively took control of the city of Mosul.
Nouri Maliki acknowledged "vital areas" of the country's second
Today, with sunshine in East Anglia, we nearly got to