12/06/2014 World News Today


12/06/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:08.

The 2014 World Cup in Brazil kicks off in just two hours.

:00:09.:00:16.

But protests, although small, have not abated.

:00:17.:00:19.

Ugly scenes in Sao Paolo mar the beautiful game

:00:20.:00:22.

But the football fans gather regardless.

:00:23.:00:34.

Just outside the stadium here, it is noisy, it is boisterous and the

:00:35.:00:42.

Brazilian fans cannot wait for this World Cup to get underway.

:00:43.:00:48.

Iraq's ministry of defence releases footage of government

:00:49.:00:50.

air-strikes against jihadists who are now 25km outside Baghdad.

:00:51.:00:52.

President Obama says he's considering what needs to

:00:53.:00:54.

Our national security team is looking at all the options,

:00:55.:00:59.

but there should also be a wake up call for the Iraqi Government.

:01:00.:01:03.

There has to be a political component to this.

:01:04.:01:10.

We hear about a festival in London component where music is being

:01:11.:01:15.

prescribed and as therapy for anxiety sufferers.

:01:16.:01:30.

The countdown to the 2014 World Cup in Brazil is almost over.

:01:31.:01:47.

Let's go straight to the BBC's Jon Sopel who's in Sao Paulo.

:01:48.:01:53.

Welcome to bright sunshine, huge crowds on the street, and it seems

:01:54.:01:58.

that everyone and everything has been painted yellow and green in the

:01:59.:02:03.

colours of the Brazilian flag and the colours that the team will be

:02:04.:02:07.

wearing on the pitch to face Croatia in two hours time. The journey has

:02:08.:02:11.

been long and tortuous to this point, and it has been marred by

:02:12.:02:16.

protests and complaints over in efficiency in the building and money

:02:17.:02:20.

being wasted. Those protests have carried on the day, but in two

:02:21.:02:25.

hours, the focus will switch to the football. We can hear from Archie

:02:26.:02:31.

football correspondent. -- our chief football correspondent.

:02:32.:02:36.

With the wait over and the world watching, this was

:02:37.:02:38.

Just hours before the start of the World Cup year, further

:02:39.:02:43.

clashes in Sao Paulo between authorities and a small group

:02:44.:02:50.

Riot police using stun grenades and firing rubber bullets.

:02:51.:02:58.

They treated a teacher like an animal, this man says,

:02:59.:03:01.

they ignored his civil rights, they dragged him like an animal.

:03:02.:03:08.

Here at the stadium preparing to host tonight's glittering

:03:09.:03:11.

Opening Ceremony and the curtain raiser between

:03:12.:03:13.

the hosts and Croatia, the heavy security presence amid concerns that

:03:14.:03:16.

the protest may approach here as kick-off approaches.

:03:17.:03:21.

What was billed as the dream World Cup has become

:03:22.:03:24.

But now, the action is finally about to start here in Sao Paulo, the

:03:25.:03:30.

authorities would be desperately hoping that this football mad

:03:31.:03:33.

In a country where football is religion, these were the scenes

:03:34.:03:44.

outside the stadium today, a full six hours before kick-off.

:03:45.:03:48.

We have to think about all the good things that the World Cup

:03:49.:03:52.

So, we are very excited about having the World Cup in Brazil.

:03:53.:03:57.

We are really happy to be here and to make part of this party.

:03:58.:04:06.

Last minute work on tonight's venue, just one of the stadia that FIFA

:04:07.:04:10.

These temporary stands have never been tested at full capacity.

:04:11.:04:20.

We had hard times in the planning process, but we are sure that we

:04:21.:04:28.

infrastructure needed to guarantee World Cup preparation and all of the

:04:29.:04:34.

the world with a very festive atmosphere,

:04:35.:04:35.

Meanwhile, the Brazilian team hope to carry the hopes of a nation.

:04:36.:04:41.

To say expectation was high was would be an understatement.

:04:42.:04:45.

For them, it would only be winning it.

:04:46.:04:48.

And then after, they have to win it well, because you'll always be

:04:49.:05:00.

but a World Cup marred in problems and unrivalled in passion is here.

:05:01.:05:09.

Ready or not, Brazil's moment in the sun has arrived.

:05:10.:05:22.

It could be Tokyo, it is actually Sao Paulo. The biggest community of

:05:23.:05:31.

Japanese come together to enjoy football and to share. In Sao Paulo,

:05:32.:05:36.

little-known fact coming up, it has the biggest community of Japanese

:05:37.:05:42.

people outside of Japan. It is like a little Japan in certain areas of

:05:43.:05:48.

the city, as I found out. It could be Tokyo. It is

:05:49.:05:50.

the city, as I found out. Sao Paulo. The biggest community of

:05:51.:05:53.

Japanese outside of Japan, around Sao Paulo. The biggest community of

:05:54.:06:02.

biggest city. There has Sao Paulo. The biggest community of

:06:03.:06:08.

attracted other communities from the Koreans and the Chinese, and even

:06:09.:06:12.

the stop and go signs have a familiar ring to them. And the local

:06:13.:06:18.

community is laying out the red carpet for football fans like these,

:06:19.:06:22.

that have journeyed from Japan to support their team in the World Cup.

:06:23.:06:27.

This group is being put up for free in the local community centre. We

:06:28.:06:32.

can be united with all of the Japanese here, because I came to

:06:33.:06:35.

Brazil this morning and I feel very lonely, but to be here, I can feel

:06:36.:06:42.

safe and be excited with every Japanese. So, I am really happy to

:06:43.:06:49.

stay here. Who will win the World Cup? Japan! I am sure! You are 100%

:06:50.:06:59.

sure? Yes! This noodle bar is helping to preserve some of the

:07:00.:07:04.

traditions and culture in danger of being lost as third and fourth

:07:05.:07:08.

generation immigrants become less and less interested in their Eastern

:07:09.:07:15.

routes. My concern for the next generation is that the culture, the

:07:16.:07:18.

tradition, the food, the way of life, this kind of single things

:07:19.:07:26.

that is losing, because now, we are more Brazilian than Japanese. In the

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World Cup, it is Brazil against Japan, who will you support? Oh!

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Brazil! But these people that have just arrived from northern Japan,

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they most decidedly will not be! That is the Japanese community, but

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all of the nations are coming together at these fan those that

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have been set up in key places. Let's go to be a aero. -- let us go

:07:58.:08:08.

to Rio de Janeiro. What is the atmosphere like? With the amount of

:08:09.:08:12.

people arriving here, it is a success. It is very crowded, lots of

:08:13.:08:18.

people queueing behind me. It was orderly, but suddenly, an extra date

:08:19.:08:22.

has been opened and people were charging through and now there are

:08:23.:08:28.

masses of people trying to go in. It is a very festive atmosphere with

:08:29.:08:33.

music booming inside. Concerts entertaining these fans before the

:08:34.:08:41.

match kicks off. It is very loud here. Instruments may have been

:08:42.:08:44.

prohibited inside the stadium, but people here have brought a horns and

:08:45.:08:50.

whistles. It is very festive. Very festive. A couple of days ago, in

:08:51.:08:57.

Rio, it didn't feel like the refuge numbers of football fans, has that

:08:58.:09:02.

changed? Is there more of a foot maul atmosphere? -- football

:09:03.:09:11.

atmosphere? , people bringing the Brazilian flags, bringing the

:09:12.:09:16.

colours of Purcell, the people that are here, they seem to be very

:09:17.:09:21.

excited for the World Cup. It varies from one part of the city to the

:09:22.:09:28.

next. Earlier today I was at a demonstration in the city centre.

:09:29.:09:31.

2000 people gathered to demonstrate against the World Cup and complain

:09:32.:09:36.

about the cost of hosting. People are still divided. Maybe after this

:09:37.:09:40.

match, maybe the excitement will take over after all. Julia, thank

:09:41.:09:54.

you very much. Here, it is the noise of whistles, firecrackers,

:09:55.:09:58.

helicopters overhead. Where ever I looked, but of traffic getting

:09:59.:10:04.

everyone into the ground, because it is five minutes to the Opening

:10:05.:10:07.

Ceremony. Get in touch with us on Twitter. You can comment on the

:10:08.:10:16.

World Cup. From here, in Sao Paulo, in the bright sunshine, with all of

:10:17.:10:20.

the excitement, back to the studio in London.

:10:21.:10:29.

Thank you. The first match in the World Cup will start in just under a

:10:30.:10:32.

couple of hours time. Let's bring you the latest now

:10:33.:10:38.

on the crisis in Iraq, where insurgents from the hardline

:10:39.:10:40.

jihadist group ISIS are pressing They're just 25 kilometres outside

:10:41.:10:43.

the capital Baghdad, but now government forces are using

:10:44.:10:47.

air raids to strike at them. The jihadists had captured Fallujah

:10:48.:10:50.

earlier this year, but this week they seized Iraq's second biggest

:10:51.:10:53.

city Mosul in the north and Tikrit - Meanwhile Kurdish fighters have

:10:54.:10:58.

taken advantage of the power vacuum to seize

:10:59.:11:02.

the important oil city of Kirkuk. President Obama has

:11:03.:11:08.

in the past couple of hours said his national security team are exploring

:11:09.:11:11.

all options, but he's urged the Shia-led government to address the

:11:12.:11:14.

political aspects of the crisis. In the Kurdish countryside, a safe

:11:15.:11:33.

haven for the latest displaced population. They left the city with

:11:34.:11:40.

little, so all of the familiar machinery of an aid operation cranks

:11:41.:11:46.

into gear. Many fled because they are afraid of the counterattack that

:11:47.:11:50.

the Iraqi government has threatened to recapture the city. But many are

:11:51.:11:55.

here also because they fear that the jihadis will arrive. The family of

:11:56.:12:03.

murdered policeman. Three rolled Amira's father was shot and killed a

:12:04.:12:08.

year ago. They were terrified even before the jihadis swept into the

:12:09.:12:13.

city. The guns were growing louder. They left their bread baking in the

:12:14.:12:18.

oven and ran away. This woman describes a harrowing escape.

:12:19.:12:25.

TRANSLATION: The Army discarded their uniforms because of the

:12:26.:12:30.

everyone. Soldiers and civilians. everyone. Soldiers and civilians.

:12:31.:12:40.

has abated somewhat, everyone. Soldiers and civilians.

:12:41.:12:42.

still a steady everyone. Soldiers and civilians.

:12:43.:12:47.

encountered. Behind them, everyone. Soldiers and civilians.

:12:48.:12:47.

the beginnings of what they are everyone. Soldiers and civilians.

:12:48.:12:53.

calling the Islamic emirate. The jihadis want nothing but to redraw

:12:54.:13:01.

the map of the Middle East. The faithful are rallied in the city. We

:13:02.:13:05.

have vanquished the Americans and their allies, it occurs. God

:13:06.:13:10.

willing, we will establish a state ruled under the Koran. Your soldiers

:13:11.:13:21.

of Islam. The camera phone of one of the guard shows the Iraqi army's

:13:22.:13:25.

captured soldiers. They are humiliated in defeat. The government

:13:26.:13:31.

fightback has begun. This is cockpit video from Iraqi aircraft bombing

:13:32.:13:35.

the city of Mozilla as the prime Minister promised they would. In the

:13:36.:13:40.

capital, government loyalists rushed to join up. Baghdad is majority

:13:41.:13:46.

Shi'ite macro, it is possible it could fall. -- majority Shi'ite.

:13:47.:13:53.

Iraq ceases to be a single country. President Obama has been commenting

:13:54.:13:59.

on the worsening security situation in Iraq. He said he isn't ruling

:14:00.:14:02.

anything out when it comes to making sure the insurgents are not able to

:14:03.:14:05.

get a permanent foothold. our consultations with the Iraqis,

:14:06.:14:20.

there would be some short-term, immediate things that need to be

:14:21.:14:27.

done militarily. The national security team is looking at all of

:14:28.:14:31.

the options, but this should also be a wake-up call for the Iraqi

:14:32.:14:38.

government. There has to be a political components to this,

:14:39.:14:42.

government. There has to be a that Sunni and Shia people that care

:14:43.:14:46.

about a functioning state, they can bring back security and prosperity

:14:47.:14:50.

to all people inside of Iraq and they can come together and worked

:14:51.:14:55.

diligently against these extremists and that is going to require

:14:56.:15:00.

concessions on the part of both the Shia and Sunni that we have not seen

:15:01.:15:11.

so far. Let us cross to Washington. Nothing is being rolled out, but

:15:12.:15:19.

American troops on the ground in Iraq are being rolled out? Yes, they

:15:20.:15:25.

are. A spokesman from the White House said they are not talking

:15:26.:15:31.

about sending in combat troops. It is not absolutely everything on the

:15:32.:15:44.

table. It's what is to be expected. America will not announce any plans.

:15:45.:15:50.

The Iraqis say they cannot do it on their own. I spoke to the Iraqi

:15:51.:15:56.

ambassador in Washington and he said they needed help. He said the help

:15:57.:16:08.

was needed yesterday. President Obama says there is a political

:16:09.:16:15.

component to this crisis that needs to be addressed. Yes. This was

:16:16.:16:21.

diplomatic language for saying that they feel the government has been

:16:22.:16:26.

too favourable towards the Shia majority and has not been

:16:27.:16:32.

welcoming, has not allowed for representation and inclusion for the

:16:33.:16:46.

Sony my jollity -- for the minorities in the country. As we

:16:47.:16:57.

know, the use of air power alone does not win wars, so they have to

:16:58.:17:01.

be some kind of political process. It is also possible that America are

:17:02.:17:06.

saying we are willing to assist you, but on these conditions. It is not

:17:07.:17:11.

going to be a blank cheque. We know the Iraqis have been asking for some

:17:12.:17:17.

time. There was a report in the New York Times that the government had

:17:18.:17:21.

asked specifically for air strikes previously and that that request had

:17:22.:17:27.

been turned down by the White House. I did put that to the Iraqi

:17:28.:17:31.

ambassador, but he did not want to comment. There needs to be a

:17:32.:17:37.

comprehensive solution though, even if air strikes are a component of

:17:38.:17:43.

it. Thank you. Russia has dismissed claims that three tanks crossed into

:17:44.:17:49.

Ukraine from the Russian border. It is said the tanks entered Ukraine

:17:50.:17:58.

via a checkpoint on the border. Arsen Avakov said that the tanks

:17:59.:18:11.

engaged with Ukrainian army personnel. Let us bring you some

:18:12.:18:24.

news in brief. It is claimed that the fourth woman

:18:25.:18:32.

found hanged in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh was not raped.

:18:33.:18:37.

A court in Pakistan has approved a request by the former president

:18:38.:18:40.

General Pervez Musharraf to leave the country, subject to a possible

:18:41.:18:42.

Mr Musharraf is currently on trial for treason.

:18:43.:18:45.

He denies the charges and has described the accusations

:18:46.:18:47.

The British comedian and actor Rik Mayall, who died suddenly

:18:48.:18:55.

earlier this week, suffered "an acute cardiac event" after a

:18:56.:18:58.

A post mortem examination had proved inconclusive, the West London

:18:59.:19:02.

Rik Mayall, star of comedy shows like The Young Ones died on Monday.

:19:03.:19:06.

Spain's King Juan Carlos will not attend the swearing in of his son

:19:07.:19:14.

as monarch to avoid drawing attention away from him,

:19:15.:19:16.

King Juan Carlos announced his abdication two weeks ago after

:19:17.:19:20.

His son Felipe will take over from him next Thursday.

:19:21.:19:31.

Jean Claude Juncker's campaign to become the next president

:19:32.:19:33.

of the European Commission has taken a hit, following the decision

:19:34.:19:36.

by his campaign manager to accept a job with

:19:37.:19:38.

Huge divisions are developing among the countries that make up the

:19:39.:19:42.

EU over who should be offered one of the EU's most important jobs.

:19:43.:19:45.

The German Chancellor Angela Merkel has publicly backed Mr Juncker, the

:19:46.:19:48.

Here's our Europe Correspondent Matthew Price with more.

:19:49.:20:06.

This is the EU's civil servants. It's the European commission. This

:20:07.:20:14.

place runs the union under the direction of the EU's 28 member

:20:15.:20:19.

states and the European Parliament and on the 13th floor is where the

:20:20.:20:23.

commission president chose his meetings. The current Portuguese

:20:24.:20:27.

politician in charge of these office soon, so enter a former prime

:20:28.:20:34.

minister of Luxembourg as the main contender. Why? Jean Claude Juncker

:20:35.:20:45.

was the main candidate and at the Parliament they are saying he is the

:20:46.:20:49.

automatic choice. Not necessarily so, said the member states who want

:20:50.:20:53.

to nominate their favourite candidate. For now, Mr Juncker is

:20:54.:21:01.

the choice of the German chancellor Angela Merkel, but David Cameron

:21:02.:21:07.

does not want him holding the rains. It usually takes weeks to find a

:21:08.:21:13.

candidate they can all agree on, but this time round it is arguably more

:21:14.:21:19.

important. The next European commission president will have two

:21:20.:21:22.

deal with growing anti-EU sentiment right across the union, especially

:21:23.:21:28.

in Britain, which may in the coming years old a referendum on whether to

:21:29.:21:44.

leave altogether. Now, anxiety is the most common form

:21:45.:21:48.

of mental illness with millions suffering from it worthwhile. It is

:21:49.:21:53.

now at the heart of a London Festival of music, film and visual

:21:54.:22:02.

arts. Anxiety Fanfare is being showcased and it is the work of

:22:03.:22:10.

composer Jocelyn Pook. In a moment I will be speaking to him, but first,

:22:11.:22:14.

here is an excerpt from the rehearsal this morning. Anxiety.

:22:15.:22:38.

Hustle and bustle. Not to -- flutter and flurry, the worry, the pain.

:22:39.:22:59.

Anxiety. That was very nice music, a taste of what to expect. I have made

:23:00.:23:07.

the composer Jocelyn Pook what inspired you to write such music?

:23:08.:23:13.

Well, the deadline of the peace. I was under a lot of pressure with the

:23:14.:23:20.

deadline. I mean, actually, this was about everyday anxiety. There was

:23:21.:23:27.

plenty of inspiration around me. The people I work with and I was

:23:28.:23:34.

exploring it in terms of what everyone experiences. Insomnia when

:23:35.:23:44.

stressed, for example. At one point or the musicians were complaining

:23:45.:23:45.

they had not or the musicians were complaining

:23:46.:23:57.

and bustle of city life. I started the peace with the

:23:58.:24:01.

and bustle of city life. I started and traffic and

:24:02.:24:22.

and bustle of city life. I started from anxiety? I think there is

:24:23.:24:25.

plenty of knowledge about music therapy, which is used in

:24:26.:24:33.

plenty of knowledge about music years. Music is very therapeutic in

:24:34.:24:33.

plenty of knowledge about music singing is then repeat it. Again, in

:24:34.:24:44.

physiological ways as well as allsorts of

:24:45.:24:50.

physiological ways as well as there is the enjoyment of singing

:24:51.:24:52.

together with other people. I felt that very strongly with the choir.

:24:53.:24:56.

together with other people. I felt It is a kind of release, but when we

:24:57.:24:57.

together with other people. I felt about the kind of anxiety that

:24:58.:25:05.

everyone gets if they are anxious about a dental appointment, for

:25:06.:25:09.

example. You are talking about something

:25:10.:25:15.

example. You are talking about Absolutely. About mental illness --

:25:16.:25:25.

it is about mental illness, compulsive worrying. I feel as if I

:25:26.:25:37.

am borderline in terms of the things I write about. What do people who

:25:38.:25:45.

suffer from anxiety say to you about the effectiveness of music as

:25:46.:25:51.

therapy? I have had lovely feedback from the choir. They were very high

:25:52.:26:02.

on the whole experience. It is fantastic for them to be performing

:26:03.:26:07.

at the Wigmore Hall. It is an amazing opportunity. You have had

:26:08.:26:17.

good feedback? Yes. They were expecting it to be gloomy and dark.

:26:18.:26:24.

It did not sound cacophonous at all. I shall have a listen. Thank you for

:26:25.:26:25.

coming in to talk to us The football World Cup will soon be

:26:26.:26:34.

kicking off in Sao Paulo, but Brazilian police have used tear

:26:35.:26:38.

gas to disperse a small crowd The protesters have been trying to

:26:39.:26:41.

march as close as they could to the Arena Corinthians, where

:26:42.:26:45.

the opening ceremony and the first We have seen a lot of sunshine in

:26:46.:27:07.

the South today, but that

:27:08.:27:09.

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