13/06/2014 World News Today


13/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

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the country's most senior Shia cleric issues a call to arms to

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As insurgents seize more towns, Iraq's most senior Shia cleric calls

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We will not be sending US troops act into combat in Iraq, that we are

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arranging other options. Ukrainian government forces regain

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control of the eastern city of Mariupol

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from pro-Russian separatists. Five insurgents were reported

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killed and at least four And attention on day two

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of the World Cup is turning to the much anticipated repeat of the

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2010 final - the reigning champions The final stage in the presidential

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election in Afghanistan on Saturday Abdullah Abdullah is

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the front-runner. Thousands of civilian volunteers,

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mostly Shias are seeking to take up arms against the militants

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from the extremist ISIS group - raising the spectre

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of all out sectarian war between after taking Fallujah in January

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and they've advanced rapidly seizing Mosul and Saddam Hussein's

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home town of Tikrit this week. The city of Samarra is surrounded

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by ISIS forces and fighting between Shia militias and jihadists

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has broken out in Diyala. They are now just 80 miles from the

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Iraqi capital in Diyala Province. Our Defence correspondent

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Jonathan Beale is in Baghdad. This was the US military

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headquarters in Tikrit, Saddam Hussein's hometown, now taken over

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why ISIS. This unverified video shows the Islamist celebrating as

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they continued their advance. They are also strengthening their grip on

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Mosul, Iraq's second largest city. No sign yet of a government

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fightback. It is religious leaders who URL in the charge. Today, a

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representative of the most senior Shia Derek spoke out. People need to

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volunteer and join the security forces. And in the south of Iraq,

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young men have in signing up to fight the militants linked to

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Al-Qaeda. And the cost is not just the human misery of refugees fleeing

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their homes. It is hard to see how this cycle of the Aryan violence

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will end. ISIS propaganda videos worn they will show no mercy. We

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have received reports of the execution of Iraqi soldiers during

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the capture of Mosul and 17 civilians in one street. In Baghdad

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there is some security and order, but people aren't relying on

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government forces to protect them. Militias as well are making their

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mark. Even though there are soldiers from the Iraqi army, these militia

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have arrived. It shows there is little confidence in the government

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and they are taking control of the own security. The Iraqi prime

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minister faces his toughest challenge yet to keep this fractured

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nation together. The US secretary of state John Kerry says that they are

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considering all options. American combat troops on the ground has been

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ruled out. Frank Gardner has this report.

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Life under ISIS. The show of strength by the Sunni group who are

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threatening Baghdad. Washington is considering its response. We will

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not be sending US troops back into combat in Iraq, but I have asked by

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national security team to arrange other options and I will be

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reviewing those options in the days ahead. Iraq is no longer home to US

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combat troops, but the Pentagon still has a string of military bases

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across the region. It also has the use of airfields in nearby

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countries. The fighter jets in Bahrain. There are also undermanned

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drones that can loiter for hours over a target. They can carry out

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reconnaissance of fire missiles. But it is fast jets like these that Iraq

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are requesting. If deployed, they could have a big impact on the

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militia's advance. There could be a strikes or the movement of drones.

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This would be a disaster. The United States would not know who they are

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bombing. They will be driving popular alienation which is that you

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read of this problem. The dynamic of the war would also change, putting

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America on the side of Iraq's Shia dominated government and potentially

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making the West a target for ISIS fighters. In other news the

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Ukrainian crisis continues. Tell us more about the fighting today in

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Mariupol. It is a significant victory for the government forces if

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it holds. Mariupol has changed hands several times. The Ukrainian flag

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has been raised over several times. The Ukrainian flag

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so many setbacks. The Russians have a hold of the eastern parts of

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Ukraine. This could be a turning point, but that is not clear. There

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is fighting and tension and tension with Russia as well on the

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diplomatic front. You said Mariupol is a strategic city. Why is it

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important and where does it fit in relation to other significant places

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in the pro-Russian separatist areas? Mariupol is a port. It is the

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second-largest city in the Donetsk region. As we know, in the capital

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the process but is movement began when they took over the main

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government building. Mariupol is seen as an important city as it does

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revive the base seen as an important city as it does

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separatists. Now that the government has taken back control and move

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their operations back to marry Paul, it significant that a back to

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Mariupol, it is significant. How much difference will this make?

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There is a great deal of tension and there is fighting. We are seeing

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tensions with Moscow. The Ukrainians are preparing for the Russians

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possibly turning the gas off on Monday. That will escalate tensions

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between Moscow and Kiev. There is also ongoing tensions between Kiev

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and the separatist. Time now for some of the day 's other news. The

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US soldier held captive by the Taliban for five years has arrived

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back in the US. He is at an army Taliban for five years has arrived

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hospital where he will continue his next phase of recovery. Thailand's

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military government has lifted the curfew imposed last month, but

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political road tests and criticism of the queue remained banned by the

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raging. The committee has voted to retain a constitutional clause that

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prevents the poet Laureate from becoming president. The mere of

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Venice has designed after allegations of corruption.

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held with other officials over bribery claims regarding

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construction of barriers to protect the city. The second game of the

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World Cup has just finished. The defending champions Spain will take

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on the Netherlands in just a few hours. Let us go to a man in the

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midst of that exciting action, although it looks pretty calm behind

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you. Peter is on Copacabana Beach. That must be some hardship.

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Camarillo is a strong African team, but they were defeated by Mexico.

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That is right. Cameroon used to be one of the biggest African teams,

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but in recent years they have not been performing well and in the

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run-up to this World Cup they have had their problems. I do think the

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scoreline will be much of a surprise to African fans back home. Some more

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dodgy officiating situations. Cameroon had two goals ruled

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offside, but replays showed they should have stood. Luckily for

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Mexico they scored that goal and they did win by 1-0. The party is

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starting here at poke about Hannah -- is starting here at poke her --

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Copacabana beach. -- is starting here at poke her --

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Tension and passion finally released. This World Cup means so

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much to the players. The home team were stunned into silence after an

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own goal after ten minutes. There were some fine work in midfield that

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followed. Brazil were sluggish were some fine work in midfield that

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they were awarded a seemingly fortunate penalty. Neymar scored,

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just. Croatia felt aggrieved at half-time and Brazil were relieved.

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They will be hoping that fortune continues to favour them.

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That game ending 3-1 in favour of the host. Thousands of Brazilian

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fans packed the stadium in Sao Paulo for that game, but spare a thought

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for the thousands more who have come from all over the world. I mean,

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Ozil is not a cheap country to come to an full many fans, it is quite a

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distance. My colleague has been looking at the cost to attend this

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World Cup. tiring and also expensive. The cost

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of flights, hotels would put off many, but not the hardened football

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fan. Supporters from all over the world had begged, script and

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borrowed to get to this World Cup. They have gone online to check the

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cheapest hotels and flights and even though it is set to cost on average

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$16,000, they simply don't care about the money. Every penny, it is

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worth it, we have been planning this trip for two years. We had feared

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Arab money and it is definitely worth it. We got everything last

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winter, that is when we went online and booked everything up. We checked

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now and some of the flights to get to a city three hours away our

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$1500, so we are glad we got in early. At the moment, we had snow on

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the grounds in New Zealand so coming here, it is wonderful. You cannot

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put a price on having a good time. If your team does well, that is just

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a bonus. You pay your money to be able to say, I was there.

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A few hours ago, I was on the beach and I saw fans from Argentina, from

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Spain, from the Netherlands. My colleagues have seen fans from all

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over the world here in Brazil as well. Some of them, spending their

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life savings to get here. What we are waiting for now is the next

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game, it is a repeat of the final from 40 black years ago, the world

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champions Spain against Catalans. That game will be remembered for how

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rough the Dutch way, but we hope that this time around, we will see

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some good for football because both countries do play some beautiful

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football. That game is about to kick off in a few minutes. Back now to

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the studio in London. The long drawn out presidential

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election in Afghanistan reaches its climax on Saturday - a run-off

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vote between the two remaining The front-runner Abdullah Abdullah

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survived what appeared to be an assassination attempt a week ago,

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but there is hope that this election will mark a major milestone in

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the stabilisation of Afghanistan. Donkeys under armed guard, this is

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how elections look in Afghanistan. Here in the mountainous north-east

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of the country, Here in the mountainous north-east

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materials are being delivered by any means possible. Not everyone is

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happy to have been hired for their job but with rough tracks instead of

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tarmac roads, it is the only way people can exercise their democratic

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rights. We are working for one year for the whole election in Monday. On

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this issue, we are ready to consult these problems and we have good

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plans. This may look like a scene from redeemed times but many here

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hope these polls will put the country on a firm footing for

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generations to come. About a quarter of all provinces in Afghanistan

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generations to come. About a quarter relying on donkeys to get allotment

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yield to the right places. This problems have hired 300 donkeys and

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they are moving under heavily armed escort. The men with guns here as

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much to protect against ambush as to reduce the risk of election fraud.

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After three decades of war, this is considered one of the superpowers --

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safest parts of Afghanistan. In the capital, security is tighter than

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ever. Elite police units are on high alert. They are among the 26,000

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Afghan security forces alert. They are among the 26,000

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city where life is now overshadowed by the very real risk of suicide

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attacks. They were out on patrol today in a robust show of force. The

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Taliban, threatening to disrupt the second round of this landmark

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presidential race. How much more safe is Afghanistan but this round

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of elections, compared to the previous round? TRANSLATION: ahead

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of the second round of polling, we have had more threat than before

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because the weather is warmer and it is the traditional fighting season

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for the Taliban. My men are better prepared. The numbers of checkpoints

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have rapidly increased. Weapons, grenades and a suicide vests seized

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have rapidly increased. Weapons, night. Afghanistan's security forces

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are under orders to deliver a safe presidential race. The world is

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hungry for a successful story of transition.

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Older people should be encouraged to stay in work longer to boost

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their own pensions and to help the economy, according to new guidelines

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The number of older workers will increase substantially

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in the next decade, and the Pensions Minister says they're an untapped

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There is a sea change on their way in the workforce. In the coming

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decade, there will be 3.7 million more people between 50 and the state

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pension age. Many will be either employed or looking for work, a huge

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rise with big indications. We are moving to a world where retiring

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early with a big pension is something of the past so we will

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need to work longer but it is in business's benefit to retain

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productive workers. More of us are living longer, healthier lives but

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the government knows that this potentially a bigger burden on the

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state in terms of pensions and benefits. It wants as many of us as

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possible to expand our working lives too. That includes getting people

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back into work. At this job centre in Birmingham, they are piloting

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killer provision for job-seekers as those who lose their jobs in their

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50s and 60s tend to be an android longer. I have an adviser who looks

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after the over 50s and I find that beneficial because I have built a

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relationship with her and she understands my needs. There is a job

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out there for me, it is just getting to it first, there are so many going

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for it. I do get the feeling that when I apply for a job, the look of

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my age and thing, he is good for another three for years. To help

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encourage more of this, companies who value more advanced stuff, the

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government plans to appoint an older workers Champion and firms will be

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encouraged to allow flexible working, allowing staff to change

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work patterns or find alternative roles but some warn that working

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longer will not be suitable for all. Working longer is fine for people

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with is a genuine choice and where they are physically and mentally

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able but people should not be forced to carry on working simply because

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they cannot afford to retire. Working in our 60s and beyond looks

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set to become the new norm but that will create challenges when

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businesses, workers and the government like.

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More now on the developments today in Iraq that we have been reporting

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on. The advance by jihadists fighters from the ISIS cine

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extremist group are now about 80 miles outside Baghdad and today

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there have been clashes between them and Shia fighters. I have been

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joined by a professor of international relations at the

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London School of economic. Iraq already is in all other sectarian

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war, isn't it? The truth is, nobody talks about it. ISIS will not have

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done as well as it has by exploiting the sectarian side. Three years ago,

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ISIS was basically dying, on the verge of collapse. Now, there are is

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a surge. This is because of a deep sectarian fault line has emerged.

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The minority community that feels marginalised and excluded, and the

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Prime Minister who is accused of being a sectarian lead Prime

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Minister. A lot of finger-pointing at Newry malarkey, is there any

:23:29.:23:34.

possibility that he may just remove himself, seeing to be in the best

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interests of the unity of the government? One would hope so, he

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has been in power for too long. This is a personal defeat for him. A huge

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defeat. He made the fight against ISIS and he's betrayed himself as

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the one and only leader. It was under his watch that ISIS has

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surged. Under his watch that deep sectarian fault lines have emerged.

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It is his personal failure will stop he has mismanaged the economy and

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political system on it is broken. Do you think people behind the scenes

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like the Americans will quietly put pressure on him to do that,

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step-down? Absolutely. The Americans, they are sending messages

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differently, they did not even tell President Mubarak to go in Egypt.

:24:28.:24:37.

One development that might come out of this particular dark moment in

:24:38.:24:42.

Iraq's history is for the political past to rise up and to find an

:24:43.:24:46.

inclusive government, new leadership. What about the

:24:47.:24:54.

mainstream Sunni Arabs, not the Kurds who are obviously sunny but

:24:55.:24:58.

they are not Arab. Who do they dislike more, ISIS, these extreme

:24:59.:25:04.

jihadists to go around executing people, or this year led government?

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Where are the cine Arab moderates now? They are pressed between the

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Iraq of ISIS and a significant segment of cine opinion. That is

:25:17.:25:22.

deeply polarised and feels marginalised and excluded. The

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policies of the Prime Minister did not count. Some tribal leaders,

:25:29.:25:35.

members of Parliament who basically call on the Americans and said in a

:25:36.:25:42.

public conference and asked the Americans to come back. This tells

:25:43.:25:51.

you how desperate they are. ISIS is a very tiny fringe group, it would

:25:52.:25:56.

not have done as well but the support of the community. We have

:25:57.:26:07.

seen them cheering ISIS in other places despite the fact they are

:26:08.:26:14.

still extremist. We know what they are going to do, they did it in

:26:15.:26:26.

2003. The likelihood of the militias coming out and being armed again? It

:26:27.:26:32.

was suggested to being a peace brigade rather than a militia. The

:26:33.:26:36.

aunt -- the most important element is to come and fight ISIS and the

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extremists. But for now from me

:26:40.:26:43.

and the rest of the team, goodbye. There will be some reasonable

:26:44.:27:05.

weather around for most of us. Generally

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