18/06/2014 World News Today


18/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 18/06/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:10.

Baghdad has formally called on the United States to launch air

:00:11.:00:13.

North of Baghdad, the two sides have been fighting for control of Iraq's

:00:14.:00:17.

Iraq's Prime Minister vows to drive back Islamist militants.

:00:18.:00:23.

Meanwhile, President Hamid Karzai tells the BBC the escalating

:00:24.:00:26.

sectarian violence in Iraq will not be repeated in Afghanistan.

:00:27.:00:30.

Also coming up: Ending his reign with a hug and a kiss. Spain's King

:00:31.:00:35.

Spain's King Juan Carlos signs the abdication act that will give

:00:36.:00:44.

The throne to his son. And I am Jon Sopel in Brazil, where

:00:45.:00:55.

the Netherlands look certain to progress after beating Australia,

:00:56.:00:57.

which means Spain, the world champions, must avoid defeat to

:00:58.:01:02.

ensure staying in. The Iraqi Government has formally

:01:03.:01:08.

called on the United States to strikes against jihadist militants.

:01:09.:01:21.

A battle is being waged over Iraq's biggest oil refinery as extremists

:01:22.:01:24.

and government forces fight to take control.

:01:25.:01:28.

The government claims it has now driven out ISIS extremists from the

:01:29.:01:30.

refinery which lies about 100 miles north of the capital Baghdad in the

:01:31.:01:33.

town of Baiji. But some rebels have claimed they hold three-quarters of

:01:34.:01:36.

the plant. The Iraqi Prime minister Nouri

:01:37.:01:38.

Maliki has again urged his countrymen, in a televised speech,

:01:39.:01:40.

to unite against ISIS. My colleague Yalda Hakim is charting

:01:41.:01:42.

the progress of the ISIS forces from Irbil in northern Iraq, not far from

:01:43.:01:46.

Mosul, the first city to fall in Yalda, over to you.

:01:47.:02:02.

Well, we spent the day on the outskirts of Irbil, 40 minutes away

:02:03.:02:08.

from Mosul, which is where the insurgents in ISIS are at the moment

:02:09.:02:13.

and have control. We saw so many people leaving Mosul for a safe

:02:14.:02:23.

haven in Irbil. There are concerns this could lead to all-out sectarian

:02:24.:02:28.

war, the kind of fighting we saw in 2006 and 2007. Across the country,

:02:29.:02:33.

the battlefield keeps changing and the situation is very fluid at the

:02:34.:02:39.

moment. Just south of Kirkup, in bhaji, there has been fighting

:02:40.:02:47.

between Sunni insurgents and the Army -- Baiji.

:02:48.:02:55.

Another day, and another assault by ISIS.

:02:56.:02:57.

These images seemed to show the Sunni extremists triumphantly

:02:58.:02:59.

entering Baiji, around 100 miles from the capital,

:03:00.:03:01.

and making the most of the military equipment they have

:03:02.:03:03.

Baiji is home to Iraq's largest oil refinery and in the past 24 hours,

:03:04.:03:08.

We can't verify these images but they appear to show smoke rising

:03:09.:03:12.

We were taken by the government to the west of Baghdad.

:03:13.:03:20.

To see their special forces in action.

:03:21.:03:23.

They were carrying out vehicle checks.

:03:24.:03:25.

They appeared well armed and equipped

:03:26.:03:27.

and said they were already battle hardened and ready to take on ISIS.

:03:28.:03:32.

We fight them in Ramadi, Fallujah, we fight in Samarra too

:03:33.:03:38.

So any time, you know, anywhere, we go and we fight them.

:03:39.:03:45.

Do you think they will come to Baghdad?

:03:46.:03:47.

This is a carefully choreographed media opportunity by the Iraqi

:03:48.:03:52.

government to show off their best troops, their special forces

:03:53.:03:59.

and to underline that they are in control of the capital Baghdad.

:04:00.:04:01.

The reality is, though, that ISIS is still fighting

:04:02.:04:12.

These are the latest volunteers for the Iraqi army.

:04:13.:04:19.

They are still learning to march and how to fire their weapons.

:04:20.:04:22.

And so far, government forces have proved unable to halt the advance

:04:23.:04:25.

There is still evidence too of a sectarian divide.

:04:26.:04:32.

They are chanting the name of the leading Shia cleric.

:04:33.:04:34.

Yet Iraq's Prime Minister, addressing the nation,

:04:35.:04:37.

still insists that despite failings, they are united.

:04:38.:04:41.

TRANSLATION: Not every setback is a defeat.

:04:42.:04:45.

This has allowed Iraq to recovered national unity.

:04:46.:04:52.

This has allowed Iraq to recover national unity.

:04:53.:04:54.

Not a single Iraqi would benefit from this crisis.

:04:55.:04:56.

Only the terrorists will benefit and those who trade in arms.

:04:57.:04:59.

Those who start the fire are burned by fire.

:05:00.:05:01.

But if anyone thought ISIS was a disorganised, disparate group,

:05:02.:05:04.

here is some evidence to make them think again.

:05:05.:05:07.

This is their annual report for 2013, a slick document that

:05:08.:05:10.

boasts of over 1,000 assassinations and more than 500 car bombings.

:05:11.:05:18.

For Iraq, it is now a fight for survival.

:05:19.:05:20.

Here, Kurdish militia are seen taking

:05:21.:05:22.

Even if they can be defeated, ISIS has already opened up a sectarian

:05:23.:05:30.

Today in Irbil, we have been hearing about people returning to Mosul,

:05:31.:05:48.

trying to find some normality in their lives, but the crisis in Iraq

:05:49.:05:50.

continues. Back to you in London. Yalda, thank you very much, from

:05:51.:06:06.

Irbil in northern Iraq. With me in this year is professor Ali Ansari, a

:06:07.:06:09.

specialist on Iran from the University of St Andrews in

:06:10.:06:12.

Scotland, and joining me from Washington is David Gordon, head of

:06:13.:06:13.

research with the Eurasia Group. He's worked at the highest levels

:06:14.:06:19.

of foreign and national security, including the US State Department

:06:20.:06:20.

and the National Intelligence Council.

:06:21.:06:22.

Welcome both to world news today. -- World News Today. President Obama is

:06:23.:06:33.

talking through with congressional leaders right now whether there

:06:34.:06:40.

should be as strikes? Right, and I think the president's intention is

:06:41.:06:43.

to walk what is going to be very tough line to walk. On the one

:06:44.:06:49.

hand, I think that the United States is extremely worried about ISIS and

:06:50.:06:55.

about the prospect of ISIS carving out large sections of northern and

:06:56.:07:04.

western Iraq as an area that is a no-go zone for governing. On the

:07:05.:07:10.

other hand, I think the president is very wary about getting involved

:07:11.:07:15.

directly in what is increasingly looking like a sectarian civil war,

:07:16.:07:22.

and so I think that the military option is that the United States is

:07:23.:07:25.

going to get to hear are really going to focus on degrading ISIS and

:07:26.:07:31.

particularly the ISIS leadership capabilities through drone strikes

:07:32.:07:41.

and such activities, rather than engagement in the actual military

:07:42.:07:46.

campaign on the side of the Iraqi government. Ali Ansari, if the US is

:07:47.:07:52.

seen to be making common cause with Iran on tying to -- trying to

:07:53.:07:58.

degrade ISIS, that will cause political problems in Washington

:07:59.:08:03.

too. Is it likely to happen? This is not entirely new, we have seen

:08:04.:08:09.

similar conflicts of interest with the Taliban in Afghanistan. We have

:08:10.:08:13.

seen it where the United States and Afghanistan, for different reasons,

:08:14.:08:15.

have approached the same targets and it has worked, in some ways, over

:08:16.:08:23.

the last decade, in Iran's favour but in this case, it would be

:08:24.:08:29.

interesting to see what sort of cooperation, and I wouldn't want to

:08:30.:08:32.

say it is direct or intimate in any way, but what it would do to the

:08:33.:08:37.

mood in Tehran itself, because obviously they view toward the

:08:38.:08:39.

United States in official circles has been deeply antagonistic, but

:08:40.:08:44.

the United States could be of assistance here. He gets the point

:08:45.:08:51.

you are talking about the object, I suppose. America is talking about in

:08:52.:08:56.

a future Iraq and Iran would be looking towards Shia interests. I

:08:57.:09:14.

think divergences... The immediate problem is getting rid of ISIS and

:09:15.:09:18.

we are looking at trust building, and we had to be quite modest in

:09:19.:09:22.

what we can expect but there is the possibility that something could

:09:23.:09:25.

emerge from this. David Gordon, you are talking about the limited

:09:26.:09:29.

American appetite for military intervention. If getting that limit

:09:30.:09:33.

means turning a blind eye to what Iran is doing, saying to -- say to

:09:34.:09:41.

protect Shia shrines, cannot work from an American perspective? I

:09:42.:09:48.

think the US here is not going to want to be seen at or as working

:09:49.:09:58.

directly or even in the same course as Iran, and that is what this fine

:09:59.:10:02.

line that I was talking about before means. -- same cause. The United

:10:03.:10:07.

States is going to engage you in a counterterrorism operation, rather

:10:08.:10:17.

than abroad operation to support the Shia dominated government and, of

:10:18.:10:21.

course, President Obama made very clear last week that what he is

:10:22.:10:32.

urging on Prime Minister Maliki is to build much more consensus -based

:10:33.:10:40.

political centre in Iraq. That is not going to happen. I mean, right

:10:41.:10:45.

now, for Maliki, the only part way forward is to mobilise the sheer

:10:46.:10:49.

face, both in the conventional forces and through trying to -- Shia

:10:50.:10:59.

base, both in the conventional forces and militias that are being

:11:00.:11:03.

formed to support the army, so I don't see any US collaboration here,

:11:04.:11:12.

even at the level of rhetoric, with the Iranians. It is true, and Ali

:11:13.:11:16.

Ansari is right, that both the US and Iran share an interest in

:11:17.:11:24.

degrading ISIS, and that is true. The hope for the United States...

:11:25.:11:32.

Let me just bring in Ali Ansari on this a game, is there an Iranian

:11:33.:11:38.

interest in Iraq holding together or not? I think there is at the moment

:11:39.:11:45.

and one of the reasons is that Nouri al-Maliki is seen as Iran's man

:11:46.:11:51.

effectively, so why sees any part of -- sees any part of Iraq when you

:11:52.:11:56.

have what you may see as a client there. What you do have in the

:11:57.:12:00.

United States is that Nouri al-Maliki hasn't done a terribly

:12:01.:12:04.

good job, he has been fairly exclusive and alienated the Sunnis

:12:05.:12:08.

and it will be interesting to see if they look at this in Tehran with a

:12:09.:12:12.

little more sober reflection and say, we have troubles in Syria,

:12:13.:12:18.

prolonged in in a prolonged struggle there, so we don't need anything on

:12:19.:12:21.

our doorstep even more messy, so what sort of political arrangements

:12:22.:12:24.

do we need to need to make to make sure this doesn't happen? Ali Ansari

:12:25.:12:29.

David Gordon, sorry to cut you off, but thank you both for your insight.

:12:30.:12:37.

It does seem as if Iraq has erupted after a delayed three years after

:12:38.:12:40.

the American troops left. National Intelligence Council.

:12:41.:12:49.

Is there a danger that something similar

:12:50.:12:52.

could happen in Afghanistan, where US troops are due to finish combat

:12:53.:12:54.

operations by the end of this year? Every morning, President Karzai

:12:55.:12:58.

walks to the office with bodyguards He lives and works inside this

:12:59.:13:00.

heavily protected palace. Taliban threats mean he very

:13:01.:13:03.

rarely leaves his fortress. The men in his security cabinet have

:13:04.:13:06.

worked alongside NATO forces for more than a decade, but like Iraq,

:13:07.:13:09.

foreign combat troops are pulling out and there is concern Al-Qaeda

:13:10.:13:12.

linked groups could make a comeback. So many around the world are now

:13:13.:13:20.

asking, Afghans are asking, whether what is happening in Iraq

:13:21.:13:23.

could happen in Afghanistan. I am confident about the Afghan

:13:24.:13:25.

people. Yes, we do need international

:13:26.:13:35.

support, where we don't have That is welcome,

:13:36.:13:37.

for that we are grateful. But the keeping of the country,

:13:38.:13:42.

the protection of the country, This government refused to take up

:13:43.:13:45.

the offer of a strategic pact with the United States

:13:46.:13:50.

which would have meant a long-term But the two men vying to be the next

:13:51.:13:52.

president have both said they will sign the deal and that could help

:13:53.:13:59.

Afghanistan avoid some of the worst For years,

:14:00.:14:03.

many doubted there would even be Now the president checks goodbye

:14:04.:14:10.

letters he will soon send to foreign leaders, including this one to

:14:11.:14:15.

David Cameron. Mr President, what are you going to

:14:16.:14:20.

say to the British Prime Minister I will thank him,

:14:21.:14:23.

and the British people, for the help You have said that NATO forces have

:14:24.:14:29.

done nothing good for Afghanistan, I said, as I have done on lots

:14:30.:14:35.

of occasions, that the war on terror was not to be fought

:14:36.:14:44.

in Afghan villages or Afghan homes. That the real war on terror is in

:14:45.:14:50.

the sanctuary is beyond our borders. But as far as Mr Cameron is

:14:51.:14:58.

concerned, he has been a good friend As the president walks home, his

:14:59.:15:21.

aides discuss her insurgents chopped off the fingers of 11 Afghans who

:15:22.:15:26.

voted in last week's elections. " What is happening in this country?",

:15:27.:15:28.

he sighs. As Hamid Karzai prepares to move out

:15:29.:15:33.

of this palace with his young family, his country moves

:15:34.:15:35.

towards an uncertain future. Without the peace he

:15:36.:15:38.

and his allies promised planning on the lateral cease fire

:15:39.:15:40.

this. With me is the author and Washington

:15:41.:16:17.

Post columnist, Anne Applebaum. She's written extensively about

:16:18.:16:19.

Eastern Europe. --unilateral My school began the

:16:20.:16:51.

fighting in the first place. --Moscow The military operations of

:16:52.:16:55.

Ukraine where design to defend their country rather than than to attack

:16:56.:17:05.

people. Is this because the sanctions are hurting? I am not sure

:17:06.:17:11.

President Putin has agreed and the Russians have been very quiet about

:17:12.:17:16.

what the well will not do and have been trying to keep the conflict

:17:17.:17:22.

under the radar. We know that the sanctions have had an impact, more

:17:23.:17:28.

indirectly, on business confidence and general confidence and he may be

:17:29.:17:35.

feeling some of that or maybe feeling that the attempt to create a

:17:36.:17:38.

separatist movement in eastern Ukraine has failed. It is very

:17:39.:17:45.

different to Crimea, from his point of view? We do not know how the

:17:46.:17:54.

Crimea situation will end either. But in eastern Ukraine they have

:17:55.:17:57.

failed to achieve what they seem to set out to achieve. There may be all

:17:58.:18:03.

this talk about the temperatures that it depends on what separatist

:18:04.:18:09.

this site to do? Yes, the satirists and people who are funding them and

:18:10.:18:14.

arming them. When they cease to have that support it becomes a very

:18:15.:18:20.

different operation. Do you think they are centrally controlled rather

:18:21.:18:34.

than more tournaments? --autonomous? Some of them are local and are also

:18:35.:18:39.

some from outside, from places such as Russia. All the ammunition is

:18:40.:18:50.

coming from Russia. It may be coming from different sources but it is

:18:51.:18:55.

coming into the country from Russia. Another thing that is coming in from

:18:56.:19:01.

Russia may not be as gas. Yes, the dispute on gas is an old one. This

:19:02.:19:09.

is the third time that Russia has cut off gas from the Ukraine. It is

:19:10.:19:14.

a very conjugated negotiation involving questions of high payments

:19:15.:19:20.

are being used and I would not wonder one to get into this. --want

:19:21.:19:40.

to get into this. Now a look at some of the day's

:19:41.:19:49.

other news. There's been a sharp increase

:19:50.:19:53.

in the number of people who have died from the outbreak of Ebola

:19:54.:19:56.

disease in west Africa. Figures from the

:19:57.:19:59.

World Health Organisation show that in the past week a total of nearly a

:20:00.:20:00.

hundred people were recorded to have died in the three countries affected

:20:01.:20:04.

- Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. This compares with

:20:05.:20:07.

a cumulative total of 337 deaths At least 21 people who were

:20:08.:20:09.

watching a World Cup match have been killed in a bomb blast

:20:10.:20:26.

in northern Nigeria. The attack happened in Yobe state,

:20:27.:20:28.

with witnesses saying a suicide bomber

:20:29.:20:30.

on a tricycle taxi in Damaturu detonated explosives as people

:20:31.:20:32.

watched Brazil's match against China's continuing programme

:20:33.:20:34.

of economic modernisation will open up enormous opportunities

:20:35.:20:42.

for British firms, according to He was speaking alongside British

:20:43.:20:44.

finance minister George Osborne on the final full day

:20:45.:20:47.

of his visit to Britain. He described the opportunity

:20:48.:20:49.

as "win-win co-operation." Prince Felipe of Spain becomes king

:20:50.:20:54.

at midnight - that's four hours from now in a country still

:20:55.:20:57.

scarred by years of economic crisis. Juan Carlos signed a bill formally

:20:58.:21:00.

abdicating power, at the royal palace in Madrid. Our Europe

:21:01.:21:04.

correspondent Chris Morris is in This is a last act of a man who has

:21:05.:21:20.

been on the throne of Spain for four decades. He helped free Spain from

:21:21.:21:30.

the dictatorship of General Franco. There was applause for the long

:21:31.:21:33.

reign to come to an end. The king said it was time for a new

:21:34.:21:38.

generation take over. This historic Royal palaces will soon welcomed the

:21:39.:21:45.

new King after he is sworn in as head of state on Thursday morning.

:21:46.:21:50.

There will be no correlation and no foreign dignitaries royalty have

:21:51.:21:53.

been invited. It is all deliberately low-key. This is the new king, he is

:21:54.:22:08.

46-year-old. The Royal family has been hit by scandal and the last few

:22:09.:22:12.

years and the country buffeted by economic crisis. He will have to try

:22:13.:22:17.

to rehabilitate the image of the monarchy as a unifying institution.

:22:18.:22:24.

He does not have the historical baggage which is father has and will

:22:25.:22:29.

be able to perform this role again, the idea that the monarchy can help

:22:30.:22:33.

to keep together the different territories and peoples and the

:22:34.:22:36.

different nations that make up the Spanish state. That is definitely a

:22:37.:22:41.

key role for him to try to play. There are those vocal and quite

:22:42.:22:48.

substantial minority, who want a referendum on the future of the

:22:49.:22:52.

monarchy. Many of them are supporters of republicanism. These

:22:53.:22:57.

are challenging times and it cannot be business as usual for the new

:22:58.:23:00.

cane but the Spanish flags are flying and most people here seem

:23:01.:23:04.

prepared to give the new King chance.

:23:05.:23:22.

Day Seven of the World cup, and it's already hotting up in Brazil.

:23:23.:23:25.

It's do-or-die for defending champions Spain and a definite

:23:26.:23:27.

contender for goal of tournament in the early match between

:23:28.:23:30.

Let's go to Rio and join Jon Sopel later, for the

:23:31.:23:33.

In the latest World Cup game, which finished half an hour ago, the

:23:34.:23:45.

two. to beat Australia by three goals to

:23:46.:23:53.

Arjen Robben opened the scoring as he sprinted clear from halfway and

:23:54.:24:09.

seconds before Tim Cahill responded with a stunning volley. 1-1 at

:24:10.:24:19.

halftime. The underdogs then took the

:24:20.:24:21.

lead as Jedinak scored for Australia from the penalty spot after Janmaat

:24:22.:24:37.

was adjudged to have handled the ball.

:24:38.:24:38.

Again the lead was short-lived, as

:24:39.:24:40.

Robin Van Persie scored for the Dutch.

:24:41.:24:41.

And it was Van Persie who scored

:24:42.:24:43.

Coming up next, a must-win game for Spain against Chile at the

:24:44.:24:55.

the group A game in Manaus between Cameroon and Croatia - the loser

:24:56.:25:00.

A number of Chilean fans without tickets have stormed in the press

:25:01.:25:25.

centre press centre. The authorities are trying to restore some order

:25:26.:25:29.

they are but that game is due to kick off in about 35 minutes and we

:25:30.:25:33.

will keep you fully up-to-date with that. It is really crucial for

:25:34.:25:49.

Spain, is it not? Spain come in as the champions and the other

:25:50.:25:52.

fantastically gifted side but they were made to look absolutely

:25:53.:25:55.

ordinary by the Dutch when they lost five goals to one. If chilly winter

:25:56.:26:29.

night they when --Chile win. Then they will head the group. It is

:26:30.:26:39.

hoped that a man in a cave who was trapped underground will be back

:26:40.:26:48.

over ground in a couple of days. Thank you for watching, now time for

:26:49.:26:59.

the weather. Yesterday Scotland and Northern Ireland had the highest

:27:00.:27:03.

temperature of the year so far. We have had similar temperatures today

:27:04.:27:10.

and I have been hot and humid days across Scotland and Northern Ireland

:27:11.:27:12.

but this has

:27:13.:27:13.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS