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This is BBC World News Today with me Kasia Madera.
US President Barack Obama says he will send 200 military advisers
Obama's comments come as Iraqi government forces battle Sunni
militants for control of the country's biggest oil refinery.
US President makes clear US intervention be limited. American
forces will not be returning to combat, but we will help Iraqis as
they take the fight to the terrorists.
Spain's new king, Felipe VI, calls for ?a new Spain we will
build together? as he is sworn in at a ceremony in Madrid.
The moment eleven days of misery came to an end as a German
cave explorer is rescued from the darkness in Bavaria.
It's do or die in the World Cup as Uruguay and England fans prepare
for their sides' crunch match in Sao Paulo.
Within the last hour, President Obama has announced that the US is
sending up to 300 military advisers to Iraq to help the Iraqi army
But he stressed US troops were not returning to combat.
On-the-ground fighting between the two sides is continuing.
There's confusion over who's in control of
Although the black flags of ISIS are reported to be flying
above the plant in Bayji, it's still not clear if they're
Let?s hear what President Obama said at the White House a short time ago.
We have had and advisers in Iraq through our embassy and we are
prepared to send a small number of military advisers, up to 300, to
assess how we can best trained, advice and support Iraqi security
forces. American forces will not be returning to combat in Iraq. But we
will help Iraqis as they take the fight to the terrorists. He has only
just started speaking. -- finish. He was adamant she stressed these
aren't troops returning to Iraq. -- to stress.
After intense negotiations, the conclusion from President Obama
seems to be that this is not America's fight. He gave the caveat
that if the situation changes, there could be limited action perhaps in
the form of air strikes that has been discussed by the national
security team. He said he would discuss with Congress if that was
the case. But he said it twice, American combat troops are not
returning to Iraq. For the moment, the president seems to have made a
decision that it is not in America's national-security
interests. He was very adamant that this is not
a military battle, it is a political one, calling us directly to the
Iraqi Government saying that their leaders must rise against their
differences. There is clearly a military battle
on the ground between the insurgents, but what the president
wants to stress is that there must be a political solution. He says
they are continuing to give advice to the Iraqis and they have done
since American forces withdrew and his message right now is we have
told you all along that you have to have an inclusive government, you
cannot come now that there is a crisis and expect a military
solution from America. The pressure from Washington on Baghdad is
political. The other thing that he mentioned
was that it was not the place for America to choose a rack's leaders.
-- Iraq's. Yes, he said the whole point of
installing democracy there was that we should give Iraqis the chance to
pick her own government. He also said America did not have a role to
take sides between Sunnis and Shias. He made an agreed reference
to the initial intervention in Iraq back in 2003 saying, the one thing
we have learnt is that there is a need to ask hard questions before
the US takes military action abroad. Clearly, his security team deciding
that the moment has not come. Thank you.
President Obama just finishing speaking on that announcement.
Well, Iraq is home to three main sectarian groups:
The research group D3 Systems interviewed 2,200 Iraqis and asked
them whether they were satisfied with how democracy is working.
The survey found that 63% of Kurds, who are mainly in the
semi-autonomous Kurdish region in the north, were satisfied with the
This compared to 46% of Shia Arabs, the biggest group in the country
who were widely marginalised under the rule of former dictator Saddam
Hussein, and only 15% of Sunni Muslims, who say they have been
sidelined since the 2003 US-led invasion, said they were satisfied.
With me is Matthew Warshaw, Vice President of D3 Systems,
the research company that carried out the survey.
Thank you for joining us. The findings pretty much echo what we
come to expect in the way that Iraq is divided into its groups. We have
been watching this for many years, doing pollen from 2004. But from
2002 until recently, we have seen increasing dissatisfaction amongst
Sunni Arabs while Kurds are increasingly isolated and not being
part of central government and only the Shia population feeling any eye
in -- One thing being stressed by Obama is
that the government is to work for everybody. But your survey found
that the different groups have different needs and perceptions of
where their country is going. This is a huge political crisis that is
overlaid over economic and social and ethnic tensions. The Kurds have
a much more secure region that they are living in, not as worried about
security, more worried about economic pressures. But Shias are
more concerned about services such as electricity and four Sunnis the
overwhelming concern is security. -- and for.
And whether they will be safe in the future. One other question you asked
is whether you believe decisions made by the Iraqi Government are...
Again, very different aspirations. Very different. Once again, the
Sunnis other least likely to feel that decisions made by central
Government are legitimate and binding. The Kurds are also somewhat
discouraged by. Only the Shias feel there is some it is a must see.
There is an enormous political problem. -- some legitimacy.
Only Iraqis can provide that. They need to be the ones that come
together and find a way to include these different groups and finally
government that can represent everyone. Nouri al-Maliki is having
meetings with different groups, but it feels a little late. It may be.
The elections gave his party 92 seats, but he needs 163 to have a
majority. It is not clear that other Shia parties would line up with him.
Whether or not he can bring together a coalition for 163 votes is the
question. Thank you. We Shell watch and wait. It has been fascinating.
-- we says Russia has moved more
troops to the Ukrainian border. NATO's Secretary General,
Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said several thousand more soldiers
had been deployed. He said that is a matter
for grave concern. NATO: Russia to stop the flow of
weapons. To stop the flow of weapons from
Russia to separatist groups in eastern Ukraine. We call on Russia
to stop the support for pro-Russian armed gangs in eastern Ukraine and
recall Russia to stop is stabilising the situation and engage in a
constructive manner with the political leadership. -- and we call
on Russia to. Fighting is still raging in eastern
Ukraine as the Army battles pro-Russian insurgents. Daniel
Sandford is in the city of Luhansk. We have had a reasonably quiet 24
hours until recently. There has been a grim exchange of bodies by the two
sides. The Ukrainian army and the rebels handing back the debt to the
other side, so that they can be given a burial. That is what has
been going on for the last 24-hour is. That said, there have been
reports recently of some quite heavy fighting breaking out in a heavily
fortified town to the north of Donetsk. Here we have not seen
fighting today, but we have seen lots and lots of evidence of the
aftermath of fighting. One of the things that has happened today is
that the leadership of the Donetsk People's Republic have been
appealing in Moscow saying they feel they are outnumbered and are looking
to Moscow for support. Of course, it is a difficult
situation there. The question over the troops, over the Russian troops
being brought back to the Ukrainian border which will be very
inflammatory, as well. Yes, it is. I think there is no
doubt now that our Russian troops building up on the other side of the
border. The reasons for that aren't clear. In fact, they are paid. NATO
were saying that they were hoping that it might mean that Russia is
trying to control the border batter, trying to prevent weaponry and
people coming to help the fight is here coming across the border. But
there are noises coming out of Moscow suggesting through sources,
nothing to direct, that the build-up of troops is to apply pressure on TF
after the Russian embassy in the year was of course attacked at the
weekend. -- on Kiev. One thing that is certain is that if
this tension keeps building, lots more people will die here and many
of them will be civilians. What everybody needs to be doing is
getting around the table and trying to get right things and we do not
see much sign of that. TRANSLATION: Were disadvantaged in numbers of
troops and lose in terms of armaments. -- we are. They have
another big advantage, the support of the West, which justifies all of
their actions, absolutely all, no matter how absurd.
You can see there that that requests for assistance from the Russians not
really a sign of people trying to de-escalate things. Back to you.
Thank you. Spain's new king, Felipe VI,
has called for unity and respect for diversity, at
a swearing-in ceremony in Madrid. It was a low-key event,
at a time of austerity and hardship for many Spaniards and when the
country is threatened by a growing Spain's first royal succession
follows the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos,
earlier this month. The BBC's Chris Morris has been
watching events in Madrid. The morning after the night before,
the world champions may be out of the World Cup, but Spain has a new
king. This is the start of a new era.
Felipe VI received a red sash from the outgoing king, his father. It
signifies the rank of Captain General, the highest rank in the
Spanish army. Then to parliament where he was sworn in as head of
state. There were no foreign leaders
present, no coronation, this has been a day of deliberately
restrained ceremony. In the most important speech of his life, the
King appealed for unity without playing down the challenges that he
and his country face after years of economic and constitutional crisis.
TRANSLATION: I have communicated my sincere and honest feelings,
convictions and commitments about Spain I identify with, one I love
and aspire to. And the parliamentary monarchy I believe in. It has to be
a renovated monarchy for new times. And then the moment many people were
waiting for, the royal procession through the streets of Madrid. Here
is the new king. This is the first royal succession in Spain since the
restoration of democracy in the 1970s. Plenty of questions are being
asked about whether the monarchy is the right institution to take this
country forward. We have studies that say that monarchies are cheaper
in fact than republics. I think that Felipe VI will be the king of all
Spanish people. So I do not mind the Republic question. I think that
monarchy now is the better option, the best option for Spain. Finally
the appearance on the balcony of the Royal Palace. Waving to the
assembled crowds. But this cannot be business as usual for the Spanish
monarchy, and the new King seems to accept that. Now he has to deliver
on his promise. There's been a dramatic rescue
in Germany. Johann Westhauser was trapped
for 11 days in the Riesending cave, which is on the border of Austria
and Germany. The Riesending cave in
Southern Germany is the deepest Our Berlin Correspondent Stephen
Evans has the story. 11 days trapped underground, but now
it is over. Sometimes you hand best Hauser has been squeezed through the
tightest gaps. -- Johann Westhauser. It has been inch by inch. Up from a
whole 1000 metres deep. There was tension among the rescuers right to
the end. TRANSLATION: I have the joy his duty to let you know that the
injured man has no arrived at the clinic in a good state and we have
managed to fulfil the essential aim of the operation. The complex of
caves in the Alps is on the border with Germany and Austria. But there
are dangerous drops, sometimes 300 metres straight down. The caves
stretched horizontally to the injured man. 200 people had been
involved in the rescue, helicopters have constantly ferried supplies to
the top of the mountain, where a tiny hall gives access to the caves.
Cavers normally take out insurance, but this will go nowhere near
covering the operation. As temperatures rise in the UK
and Europe, thousands of people are expected to flock to holiday resorts
to soak up the summer sun. But new research reveals that
the sun's rays can be addictive and can give frequent sunbathers
a fix, much like heroin or morphine Well, Dr David Fisher
from the Harvard Medical School is Thank you for joining us. You are
suggesting that the sun is as addictive as heroin? It appears to
activate the same response, the opiate response, in the skin. It
creates a molecule which is our body's one version of the opiates.
Feel-good hormones? Yes, the study did not measure the euphoric sayyid
of it, but it measured the addictive qualities -- the euphoric effects of
it. A dependency would occur if we suddenly interrupted this, they
would be withdrawal symptoms, shaking and things of that nature,
due to the effect of EV radiation. We know that the sun and
overexposure can be dangerous for our skin, but what you are saying is
that it is addictive and we need to treat it with care? That is right.
It suggests that the strategy to break the sun seeking behaviour may
be more than a simple casual discussion but perhaps something
that recognises that there can be the behavioural influence of
carrying -- influences or carrying. There have been studies that have
been carried out in people to suggest that there are addictive
features. I think that this helps us to understand without happily exist
and perhaps that these would be regulated in a different way if the
process is activating a potent addiction like mechanisms in people.
You were using mace, critics have said that these were nocturnal
animals, they do not usually suffer from sun exposure. -- mice. What
conclusive results can you then take away from these mice and give to
humans? Any studies done outside of humans have to be validated in
people and the direct impact of that must be carefully analysed before it
is assumed to be absolutely identical. There are several key
features which we do to be quite confident that we can -- that what
we are looking at is very similar if not identical. There is evidence
that UV responses in the skin are very similar, again, if not
identical in mice as they iron men. Mice, even though they are fiery,
they still tan, -- furry. It was important was that the doses of UV
that we used were very low doses. These were not inflammatory doses,
these were very low, because we did not want to look at the effects at
an unusual exposure of UV. We are so sorry, we're out of time. But thank
you for that very serious message, be careful of the sun, it is
addictive. Now to the World Cup
and another big footballing nation could be following Spain towards
the exit door later. England kick off against Uruguay
in Sao Paulo shortly, The early game,which has just
finished, saw the two unbeaten teams from Group C, Colombia and
Ivory Coast, in action. It was a clash at the top of group
C. Emotions were running high, with both teams unbeaten so far. It
opened at blistering pace, end-to-end play with both sides
getting in shots on goal. Ivory Coast also had a chance. And then
this move almost put Colombia in the lead. In the second half, the goals
came. A superb header from this corner saw the South Americans call
one nil ahead. Then this call from the substitute. But Ivory Coast came
back and produced a spectacular goal. They kept the pressure on rate
until the end, but it was not enough will stop Colombia two, Ivory Coast
one. So coming up next, in just over half
an hour, a must-win game for Uruguay and England after both teams lost
their opening games. And the late game is another clash
between first-round losers, Here in the UK 20 million people are
expected to be glued to their sets So with anticipation building
and nerves jangling, we leave you tonight with a bit of blatant bias,
a patriotic call to arms! This special poem,
penned and filmed by the poet Henry Birtles, harks back to the
first and only time England won the Have we finally learnt our lesson,
do we finally know the score. Has reality come home to roost
and knocked on every door. In a land where blind conviction
never ceases to amaze. When you weigh up all those barren
years, Have we woken up with open eyes
and seized the reins of truth. Are we reckoning on nothing;
it?s the basement not the roof. Or yet once again has reason
from our senses taken leave. Has it forced us to declare
in hope; in England we believe. From the cobbled streets
of Holmfirth, Can we see our Lions prowling,
can we count upon these men. Will they interrupt the Samba
and evoke the ghost of Moore. Will they burn out,
will they whimper, From the Peckhams to the Beckhams,
from The Bridge up to The Lane. From The Valley to The Cottage,
is it four more years of pain. Are the car flags and the banners
just reminders to forget. Or will Gerrard?s Cross find Rooney
and will Rooney find the net. It?s that time again for all of us,
that time when we unite. Let the Scots cry Argentina,
let the hand of God be right. We won?t shy from blinkered passion,
so it?s time we gave what for. From the Stretford End to Rovers,
from the Hawthorns to Turf Moor. We will rally, we will gather,
we will throw all colours in. For our Team and for our Country,
for our Queen and for our kin. And when all is done and dusted and
they?ve dragged us through the dirt. We?ll still celebrate the honour
of Three Lions and The Shirt.