19/06/2014 World News Today


19/06/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 19/06/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Kasia Madera.

:00:00.:00:00.

US President Barack Obama says he will send 200 military advisers

:00:00.:00:08.

Obama's comments come as Iraqi government forces battle Sunni

:00:09.:00:17.

militants for control of the country's biggest oil refinery.

:00:18.:00:26.

US President makes clear US intervention be limited. American

:00:27.:00:34.

forces will not be returning to combat, but we will help Iraqis as

:00:35.:00:38.

they take the fight to the terrorists.

:00:39.:00:40.

Spain's new king, Felipe VI, calls for ?a new Spain we will

:00:41.:00:43.

build together? as he is sworn in at a ceremony in Madrid.

:00:44.:00:46.

The moment eleven days of misery came to an end as a German

:00:47.:00:52.

cave explorer is rescued from the darkness in Bavaria.

:00:53.:00:58.

It's do or die in the World Cup as Uruguay and England fans prepare

:00:59.:01:01.

for their sides' crunch match in Sao Paulo.

:01:02.:01:17.

Within the last hour, President Obama has announced that the US is

:01:18.:01:28.

sending up to 300 military advisers to Iraq to help the Iraqi army

:01:29.:01:31.

But he stressed US troops were not returning to combat.

:01:32.:01:36.

On-the-ground fighting between the two sides is continuing.

:01:37.:01:39.

There's confusion over who's in control of

:01:40.:01:41.

Although the black flags of ISIS are reported to be flying

:01:42.:01:48.

above the plant in Bayji, it's still not clear if they're

:01:49.:01:52.

Let?s hear what President Obama said at the White House a short time ago.

:01:53.:02:03.

We have had and advisers in Iraq through our embassy and we are

:02:04.:02:10.

prepared to send a small number of military advisers, up to 300, to

:02:11.:02:15.

assess how we can best trained, advice and support Iraqi security

:02:16.:02:21.

forces. American forces will not be returning to combat in Iraq. But we

:02:22.:02:26.

will help Iraqis as they take the fight to the terrorists. He has only

:02:27.:02:43.

just started speaking. -- finish. He was adamant she stressed these

:02:44.:02:47.

aren't troops returning to Iraq. -- to stress.

:02:48.:02:53.

After intense negotiations, the conclusion from President Obama

:02:54.:02:58.

seems to be that this is not America's fight. He gave the caveat

:02:59.:03:04.

that if the situation changes, there could be limited action perhaps in

:03:05.:03:10.

the form of air strikes that has been discussed by the national

:03:11.:03:13.

security team. He said he would discuss with Congress if that was

:03:14.:03:19.

the case. But he said it twice, American combat troops are not

:03:20.:03:24.

returning to Iraq. For the moment, the president seems to have made a

:03:25.:03:27.

decision that it is not in America's national-security

:03:28.:03:33.

interests. He was very adamant that this is not

:03:34.:03:39.

a military battle, it is a political one, calling us directly to the

:03:40.:03:43.

Iraqi Government saying that their leaders must rise against their

:03:44.:03:46.

differences. There is clearly a military battle

:03:47.:03:52.

on the ground between the insurgents, but what the president

:03:53.:03:56.

wants to stress is that there must be a political solution. He says

:03:57.:04:01.

they are continuing to give advice to the Iraqis and they have done

:04:02.:04:05.

since American forces withdrew and his message right now is we have

:04:06.:04:11.

told you all along that you have to have an inclusive government, you

:04:12.:04:15.

cannot come now that there is a crisis and expect a military

:04:16.:04:20.

solution from America. The pressure from Washington on Baghdad is

:04:21.:04:25.

political. The other thing that he mentioned

:04:26.:04:30.

was that it was not the place for America to choose a rack's leaders.

:04:31.:04:39.

-- Iraq's. Yes, he said the whole point of

:04:40.:04:43.

installing democracy there was that we should give Iraqis the chance to

:04:44.:04:50.

pick her own government. He also said America did not have a role to

:04:51.:04:55.

take sides between Sunnis and Shias. He made an agreed reference

:04:56.:05:08.

to the initial intervention in Iraq back in 2003 saying, the one thing

:05:09.:05:14.

we have learnt is that there is a need to ask hard questions before

:05:15.:05:20.

the US takes military action abroad. Clearly, his security team deciding

:05:21.:05:24.

that the moment has not come. Thank you.

:05:25.:05:32.

President Obama just finishing speaking on that announcement.

:05:33.:05:35.

Well, Iraq is home to three main sectarian groups:

:05:36.:05:38.

The research group D3 Systems interviewed 2,200 Iraqis and asked

:05:39.:05:42.

them whether they were satisfied with how democracy is working.

:05:43.:05:46.

The survey found that 63% of Kurds, who are mainly in the

:05:47.:05:50.

semi-autonomous Kurdish region in the north, were satisfied with the

:05:51.:05:54.

This compared to 46% of Shia Arabs, the biggest group in the country

:05:55.:06:03.

who were widely marginalised under the rule of former dictator Saddam

:06:04.:06:05.

Hussein, and only 15% of Sunni Muslims, who say they have been

:06:06.:06:09.

sidelined since the 2003 US-led invasion, said they were satisfied.

:06:10.:06:21.

With me is Matthew Warshaw, Vice President of D3 Systems,

:06:22.:06:23.

the research company that carried out the survey.

:06:24.:06:30.

Thank you for joining us. The findings pretty much echo what we

:06:31.:06:40.

come to expect in the way that Iraq is divided into its groups. We have

:06:41.:06:47.

been watching this for many years, doing pollen from 2004. But from

:06:48.:06:53.

2002 until recently, we have seen increasing dissatisfaction amongst

:06:54.:07:00.

Sunni Arabs while Kurds are increasingly isolated and not being

:07:01.:07:04.

part of central government and only the Shia population feeling any eye

:07:05.:07:06.

in -- One thing being stressed by Obama is

:07:07.:07:18.

that the government is to work for everybody. But your survey found

:07:19.:07:23.

that the different groups have different needs and perceptions of

:07:24.:07:28.

where their country is going. This is a huge political crisis that is

:07:29.:07:35.

overlaid over economic and social and ethnic tensions. The Kurds have

:07:36.:07:39.

a much more secure region that they are living in, not as worried about

:07:40.:07:43.

security, more worried about economic pressures. But Shias are

:07:44.:07:51.

more concerned about services such as electricity and four Sunnis the

:07:52.:07:56.

overwhelming concern is security. -- and for.

:07:57.:08:03.

And whether they will be safe in the future. One other question you asked

:08:04.:08:09.

is whether you believe decisions made by the Iraqi Government are...

:08:10.:08:21.

Again, very different aspirations. Very different. Once again, the

:08:22.:08:26.

Sunnis other least likely to feel that decisions made by central

:08:27.:08:28.

Government are legitimate and binding. The Kurds are also somewhat

:08:29.:08:35.

discouraged by. Only the Shias feel there is some it is a must see.

:08:36.:08:41.

There is an enormous political problem. -- some legitimacy.

:08:42.:08:47.

Only Iraqis can provide that. They need to be the ones that come

:08:48.:08:51.

together and find a way to include these different groups and finally

:08:52.:08:57.

government that can represent everyone. Nouri al-Maliki is having

:08:58.:09:02.

meetings with different groups, but it feels a little late. It may be.

:09:03.:09:10.

The elections gave his party 92 seats, but he needs 163 to have a

:09:11.:09:16.

majority. It is not clear that other Shia parties would line up with him.

:09:17.:09:21.

Whether or not he can bring together a coalition for 163 votes is the

:09:22.:09:26.

question. Thank you. We Shell watch and wait. It has been fascinating.

:09:27.:09:30.

-- we says Russia has moved more

:09:31.:09:40.

troops to the Ukrainian border. NATO's Secretary General,

:09:41.:09:46.

Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said several thousand more soldiers

:09:47.:09:48.

had been deployed. He said that is a matter

:09:49.:09:50.

for grave concern. NATO: Russia to stop the flow of

:09:51.:10:05.

weapons. To stop the flow of weapons from

:10:06.:10:09.

Russia to separatist groups in eastern Ukraine. We call on Russia

:10:10.:10:16.

to stop the support for pro-Russian armed gangs in eastern Ukraine and

:10:17.:10:23.

recall Russia to stop is stabilising the situation and engage in a

:10:24.:10:32.

constructive manner with the political leadership. -- and we call

:10:33.:10:39.

on Russia to. Fighting is still raging in eastern

:10:40.:10:44.

Ukraine as the Army battles pro-Russian insurgents. Daniel

:10:45.:10:56.

Sandford is in the city of Luhansk. We have had a reasonably quiet 24

:10:57.:11:02.

hours until recently. There has been a grim exchange of bodies by the two

:11:03.:11:09.

sides. The Ukrainian army and the rebels handing back the debt to the

:11:10.:11:14.

other side, so that they can be given a burial. That is what has

:11:15.:11:20.

been going on for the last 24-hour is. That said, there have been

:11:21.:11:24.

reports recently of some quite heavy fighting breaking out in a heavily

:11:25.:11:31.

fortified town to the north of Donetsk. Here we have not seen

:11:32.:11:36.

fighting today, but we have seen lots and lots of evidence of the

:11:37.:11:41.

aftermath of fighting. One of the things that has happened today is

:11:42.:11:48.

that the leadership of the Donetsk People's Republic have been

:11:49.:11:52.

appealing in Moscow saying they feel they are outnumbered and are looking

:11:53.:11:59.

to Moscow for support. Of course, it is a difficult

:12:00.:12:04.

situation there. The question over the troops, over the Russian troops

:12:05.:12:08.

being brought back to the Ukrainian border which will be very

:12:09.:12:14.

inflammatory, as well. Yes, it is. I think there is no

:12:15.:12:19.

doubt now that our Russian troops building up on the other side of the

:12:20.:12:24.

border. The reasons for that aren't clear. In fact, they are paid. NATO

:12:25.:12:30.

were saying that they were hoping that it might mean that Russia is

:12:31.:12:34.

trying to control the border batter, trying to prevent weaponry and

:12:35.:12:40.

people coming to help the fight is here coming across the border. But

:12:41.:12:47.

there are noises coming out of Moscow suggesting through sources,

:12:48.:12:51.

nothing to direct, that the build-up of troops is to apply pressure on TF

:12:52.:12:56.

after the Russian embassy in the year was of course attacked at the

:12:57.:13:07.

weekend. -- on Kiev. One thing that is certain is that if

:13:08.:13:14.

this tension keeps building, lots more people will die here and many

:13:15.:13:18.

of them will be civilians. What everybody needs to be doing is

:13:19.:13:22.

getting around the table and trying to get right things and we do not

:13:23.:13:30.

see much sign of that. TRANSLATION: Were disadvantaged in numbers of

:13:31.:13:35.

troops and lose in terms of armaments. -- we are. They have

:13:36.:13:43.

another big advantage, the support of the West, which justifies all of

:13:44.:13:47.

their actions, absolutely all, no matter how absurd.

:13:48.:13:53.

You can see there that that requests for assistance from the Russians not

:13:54.:14:01.

really a sign of people trying to de-escalate things. Back to you.

:14:02.:14:04.

Thank you. Spain's new king, Felipe VI,

:14:05.:14:06.

has called for unity and respect for diversity, at

:14:07.:14:08.

a swearing-in ceremony in Madrid. It was a low-key event,

:14:09.:14:13.

at a time of austerity and hardship for many Spaniards and when the

:14:14.:14:16.

country is threatened by a growing Spain's first royal succession

:14:17.:14:19.

follows the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos,

:14:20.:14:23.

earlier this month. The BBC's Chris Morris has been

:14:24.:14:28.

watching events in Madrid. The morning after the night before,

:14:29.:14:39.

the world champions may be out of the World Cup, but Spain has a new

:14:40.:14:44.

king. This is the start of a new era.

:14:45.:14:51.

Felipe VI received a red sash from the outgoing king, his father. It

:14:52.:14:56.

signifies the rank of Captain General, the highest rank in the

:14:57.:15:01.

Spanish army. Then to parliament where he was sworn in as head of

:15:02.:15:06.

state. There were no foreign leaders

:15:07.:15:11.

present, no coronation, this has been a day of deliberately

:15:12.:15:15.

restrained ceremony. In the most important speech of his life, the

:15:16.:15:22.

King appealed for unity without playing down the challenges that he

:15:23.:15:27.

and his country face after years of economic and constitutional crisis.

:15:28.:15:34.

TRANSLATION: I have communicated my sincere and honest feelings,

:15:35.:15:37.

convictions and commitments about Spain I identify with, one I love

:15:38.:15:43.

and aspire to. And the parliamentary monarchy I believe in. It has to be

:15:44.:15:48.

a renovated monarchy for new times. And then the moment many people were

:15:49.:15:53.

waiting for, the royal procession through the streets of Madrid. Here

:15:54.:16:01.

is the new king. This is the first royal succession in Spain since the

:16:02.:16:05.

restoration of democracy in the 1970s. Plenty of questions are being

:16:06.:16:10.

asked about whether the monarchy is the right institution to take this

:16:11.:16:23.

country forward. We have studies that say that monarchies are cheaper

:16:24.:16:35.

in fact than republics. I think that Felipe VI will be the king of all

:16:36.:16:42.

Spanish people. So I do not mind the Republic question. I think that

:16:43.:16:46.

monarchy now is the better option, the best option for Spain. Finally

:16:47.:16:54.

the appearance on the balcony of the Royal Palace. Waving to the

:16:55.:17:00.

assembled crowds. But this cannot be business as usual for the Spanish

:17:01.:17:04.

monarchy, and the new King seems to accept that. Now he has to deliver

:17:05.:17:08.

on his promise. There's been a dramatic rescue

:17:09.:17:12.

in Germany. Johann Westhauser was trapped

:17:13.:17:14.

for 11 days in the Riesending cave, which is on the border of Austria

:17:15.:17:17.

and Germany. The Riesending cave in

:17:18.:17:20.

Southern Germany is the deepest Our Berlin Correspondent Stephen

:17:21.:17:23.

Evans has the story. 11 days trapped underground, but now

:17:24.:17:41.

it is over. Sometimes you hand best Hauser has been squeezed through the

:17:42.:17:46.

tightest gaps. -- Johann Westhauser. It has been inch by inch. Up from a

:17:47.:17:54.

whole 1000 metres deep. There was tension among the rescuers right to

:17:55.:18:00.

the end. TRANSLATION: I have the joy his duty to let you know that the

:18:01.:18:04.

injured man has no arrived at the clinic in a good state and we have

:18:05.:18:09.

managed to fulfil the essential aim of the operation. The complex of

:18:10.:18:19.

caves in the Alps is on the border with Germany and Austria. But there

:18:20.:18:25.

are dangerous drops, sometimes 300 metres straight down. The caves

:18:26.:18:30.

stretched horizontally to the injured man. 200 people had been

:18:31.:18:37.

involved in the rescue, helicopters have constantly ferried supplies to

:18:38.:18:46.

the top of the mountain, where a tiny hall gives access to the caves.

:18:47.:18:53.

Cavers normally take out insurance, but this will go nowhere near

:18:54.:18:54.

covering the operation. As temperatures rise in the UK

:18:55.:19:00.

and Europe, thousands of people are expected to flock to holiday resorts

:19:01.:19:03.

to soak up the summer sun. But new research reveals that

:19:04.:19:06.

the sun's rays can be addictive and can give frequent sunbathers

:19:07.:19:09.

a fix, much like heroin or morphine Well, Dr David Fisher

:19:10.:19:12.

from the Harvard Medical School is Thank you for joining us. You are

:19:13.:19:29.

suggesting that the sun is as addictive as heroin? It appears to

:19:30.:19:37.

activate the same response, the opiate response, in the skin. It

:19:38.:19:48.

creates a molecule which is our body's one version of the opiates.

:19:49.:19:59.

Feel-good hormones? Yes, the study did not measure the euphoric sayyid

:20:00.:20:04.

of it, but it measured the addictive qualities -- the euphoric effects of

:20:05.:20:19.

it. A dependency would occur if we suddenly interrupted this, they

:20:20.:20:24.

would be withdrawal symptoms, shaking and things of that nature,

:20:25.:20:31.

due to the effect of EV radiation. We know that the sun and

:20:32.:20:35.

overexposure can be dangerous for our skin, but what you are saying is

:20:36.:20:40.

that it is addictive and we need to treat it with care? That is right.

:20:41.:20:52.

It suggests that the strategy to break the sun seeking behaviour may

:20:53.:20:56.

be more than a simple casual discussion but perhaps something

:20:57.:20:59.

that recognises that there can be the behavioural influence of

:21:00.:21:13.

carrying -- influences or carrying. There have been studies that have

:21:14.:21:17.

been carried out in people to suggest that there are addictive

:21:18.:21:20.

features. I think that this helps us to understand without happily exist

:21:21.:21:25.

and perhaps that these would be regulated in a different way if the

:21:26.:21:31.

process is activating a potent addiction like mechanisms in people.

:21:32.:21:38.

You were using mace, critics have said that these were nocturnal

:21:39.:21:42.

animals, they do not usually suffer from sun exposure. -- mice. What

:21:43.:21:55.

conclusive results can you then take away from these mice and give to

:21:56.:22:03.

humans? Any studies done outside of humans have to be validated in

:22:04.:22:07.

people and the direct impact of that must be carefully analysed before it

:22:08.:22:11.

is assumed to be absolutely identical. There are several key

:22:12.:22:14.

features which we do to be quite confident that we can -- that what

:22:15.:22:20.

we are looking at is very similar if not identical. There is evidence

:22:21.:22:38.

that UV responses in the skin are very similar, again, if not

:22:39.:22:44.

identical in mice as they iron men. Mice, even though they are fiery,

:22:45.:22:58.

they still tan, -- furry. It was important was that the doses of UV

:22:59.:23:03.

that we used were very low doses. These were not inflammatory doses,

:23:04.:23:08.

these were very low, because we did not want to look at the effects at

:23:09.:23:16.

an unusual exposure of UV. We are so sorry, we're out of time. But thank

:23:17.:23:22.

you for that very serious message, be careful of the sun, it is

:23:23.:23:23.

addictive. Now to the World Cup

:23:24.:23:26.

and another big footballing nation could be following Spain towards

:23:27.:23:28.

the exit door later. England kick off against Uruguay

:23:29.:23:31.

in Sao Paulo shortly, The early game,which has just

:23:32.:23:33.

finished, saw the two unbeaten teams from Group C, Colombia and

:23:34.:23:38.

Ivory Coast, in action. It was a clash at the top of group

:23:39.:23:53.

C. Emotions were running high, with both teams unbeaten so far. It

:23:54.:23:58.

opened at blistering pace, end-to-end play with both sides

:23:59.:24:04.

getting in shots on goal. Ivory Coast also had a chance. And then

:24:05.:24:11.

this move almost put Colombia in the lead. In the second half, the goals

:24:12.:24:20.

came. A superb header from this corner saw the South Americans call

:24:21.:24:30.

one nil ahead. Then this call from the substitute. But Ivory Coast came

:24:31.:24:35.

back and produced a spectacular goal. They kept the pressure on rate

:24:36.:24:40.

until the end, but it was not enough will stop Colombia two, Ivory Coast

:24:41.:24:43.

one. So coming up next, in just over half

:24:44.:24:48.

an hour, a must-win game for Uruguay and England after both teams lost

:24:49.:24:51.

their opening games. And the late game is another clash

:24:52.:24:53.

between first-round losers, Here in the UK 20 million people are

:24:54.:24:56.

expected to be glued to their sets So with anticipation building

:24:57.:25:07.

and nerves jangling, we leave you tonight with a bit of blatant bias,

:25:08.:25:10.

a patriotic call to arms! This special poem,

:25:11.:25:13.

penned and filmed by the poet Henry Birtles, harks back to the

:25:14.:25:15.

first and only time England won the Have we finally learnt our lesson,

:25:16.:25:19.

do we finally know the score. Has reality come home to roost

:25:20.:25:29.

and knocked on every door. In a land where blind conviction

:25:30.:25:33.

never ceases to amaze. When you weigh up all those barren

:25:34.:25:40.

years, Have we woken up with open eyes

:25:41.:25:42.

and seized the reins of truth. Are we reckoning on nothing;

:25:43.:25:48.

it?s the basement not the roof. Or yet once again has reason

:25:49.:25:51.

from our senses taken leave. Has it forced us to declare

:25:52.:25:55.

in hope; in England we believe. From the cobbled streets

:25:56.:26:00.

of Holmfirth, Can we see our Lions prowling,

:26:01.:26:03.

can we count upon these men. Will they interrupt the Samba

:26:04.:26:08.

and evoke the ghost of Moore. Will they burn out,

:26:09.:26:12.

will they whimper, From the Peckhams to the Beckhams,

:26:13.:26:14.

from The Bridge up to The Lane. From The Valley to The Cottage,

:26:15.:26:25.

is it four more years of pain. Are the car flags and the banners

:26:26.:26:28.

just reminders to forget. Or will Gerrard?s Cross find Rooney

:26:29.:26:31.

and will Rooney find the net. It?s that time again for all of us,

:26:32.:26:34.

that time when we unite. Let the Scots cry Argentina,

:26:35.:26:38.

let the hand of God be right. We won?t shy from blinkered passion,

:26:39.:26:42.

so it?s time we gave what for. From the Stretford End to Rovers,

:26:43.:26:48.

from the Hawthorns to Turf Moor. We will rally, we will gather,

:26:49.:26:51.

we will throw all colours in. For our Team and for our Country,

:26:52.:26:56.

for our Queen and for our kin. And when all is done and dusted and

:26:57.:26:59.

they?ve dragged us through the dirt. We?ll still celebrate the honour

:27:00.:27:03.

of Three Lions and The Shirt.

:27:04.:27:12.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS