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Welcome to BBC World News Today. Coming up... We look at the global
refugee surge. The US names and shames the countries in the world
that have the worst record on human traffic on. As fighting rages
between government forces and jihadists in Iraq, a senior cleric
calls for the formation of an inclusive government. And tiny Costa
Rica beat mighty Italy in the World Cup knocking England out of the
competition. And come fly with me. We look back at the early glamour of
the jet age. Hello and welcome to the programme.
One of the human costs of conflict and insecurity is the number of
people around the world to become refugees. The UN refugee agency says
the number of people displaced by war or persecution rose to over 50
million last year, the highest total since World War II to. Of these, 17
million have left the country in search of security. The war in Syria
is driving up the numbers. According to the most recent figures to .8
million Syrians have fled the country since the war began more
than three years ago. Most of them have gone to neighbouring countries.
New arrivals from Syria. The conflict is in its year. 2.5 million
Syrians have fled their country. They may be saved at this can never
be home. Another 6.5 million are displaced inside Syria. They are
short of food and medical care and aid agencies can scarcely reach
them. Around the world, war and persecution have driven over 51
million people from their homes. It is the highest figure since World
War II. It is a quantum leap. It is a qualitative change. The world is
becoming more violent and more people are being displaced. The
capacity to solve this problem from a humanitarian point of view does
not exist. Aid agencies are impatient at fob they see as
paralysis within the UN Security Council. Designed to prevent and
solve conflict it seems to be doing anything but. Hundreds of thousands
of refugees have been in camps for years. New wars add to their
numbers. In 2013 32,000 people fled their homes every day. From the
Central African Republic, South Sudan, Somalia, Syria. Their lives
are on hold until they can go home. Among that figure of the 1 million
displaced, the latest from Iraq have not even been added to the figures.
Let's talk some more about this. With me is Dave Garrett Chief
Executive of Refugee Action and jet crisp who joins us from Washington.
He is from Refugees International. This is happening because the world
is not doing enough. That is correct. There is a high number of
refugees. It is the result of a number of different factors. We have
long-standing conflicts such as those in Amistad and Somalia which
are not getting any better. That is preventing refugees from going back
to their own country. In the last few years we have had new
emergencies such as South Sudan and the Central African Republic. Now we
are worried about the situation in Ukraine and northern Nigeria. The
numbers seem set to rise. The number given by the United Nations is an
out of date figure. That is for the end of 2013 and we have seen a
bigger exodus of refugees from Syria since then. That number of April
continuing to rise, it is the most disadvantaged countries in the world
who support them. That is correct. It is about 85%. The developed world
is not doing enough. In the UK, for example, we have a resettlement
programme. It has an ambition to resettle 750 people every year. That
compares quite badly to other years. -- to other countries. We have only
resettle 24 people since March. It is a wake-up call to the West. Give
us the figures for Syria for the UK. In terms of the programme, and
spontaneous arrivals, it is difficult to get the figures. We are
only talking about a few thousand. We are talking about applications
but Sweden has more than any others? That is correct. Countries like
Germany have pledged to bring in 20 hours and people. These are the
figures we need to see the UK Government is starting to have
ambitions are bad. The numbers are very small. Can the UK and nations
like it do more to help? What should they be doing? They have a number of
responsibilities. The first is to admit asylum seekers and refugees.
They have a responsibility to support humanitarian agencies in
their efforts to provide life-saving assistance to refugees. Haps most of
all, they have a political responsibility to try and use
diplomacy to bring conflicts to an end. As we have seen in the case of
Syria, the UN Security Council is paralysed. He cannot even get
cross-border assistance to the people who are in need. We are at a
very bad moment in political history for the international community. The
system of international governance is not functioning. Very quickly,
what happens to refugees generally? It can be very difficult to build a
new life in a new country. What we see happening is that refugees are
some of the very most resilient and powerful people and we should be
proud to welcome them. Thank you. The Syrian authorities said a car
bomb have killed at least -- has killed at least four people. More
than 50 people were injured in the blast in a government-controlled
village. Iraqi security forces are continuing
their battle with jihadists from ISIS. There have been fierce clashes
over at the airport in the strategic Tal Afar just outside the autonomous
Kurdish region in the North just bites its way across northern Iraq,
a be verified but it comes from social media accounts with no links
intent on we we will go to the men in the film to the the fighters are
the deepening concern in the West. We should recognise the dangers to
Britain we have Islamist extremists in control of a part of this country
and we believe it is absolutely correct for the Americans to
confront these problems Baghdad, fighting continues for a a local
commander was reported as saying the refinery supplies 25% of all Kurdish
troops are patrolling their own front lines further north and
looking for they have used this crisis to it is part of out at the
ready and President Obama has made it clear he just yet. He -- to deal
with the threat. He is not concentrating at the moment on brute
force. It is clear that the problem. John Kerry arrives in
Baghdad in the coming days and he hand from a leading cleric called
for a government which towards a new future Nouri al-Maliki did well in
the elections if you've months ago and will be in -- what is the risk
that is as fighters could reactivate this complex? I think the risk is
pretty low. The United States is playing it down. However we do know
that there are large stockpiles of very old and agents which are well
past their sell by date. It is sealed in concrete Rhian forced
bunkers. We have seen wider use of chemical weapons in Syria.
Improvised chemical weapons are being used. Al-Qaeda used mustered
shells and others between 2004 and nine. In Iraq ISIS have been doing
research. Which ISIS code replicate in Iraq. This is the modus
operandi, the way of using them that they have done in Syria. Thanks very
much indeed for talking us through that.
The Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko,
has announced that a ceasefire will come into effect about now.
It's part of his peace plan aimed at ending a two-month insurgency in
But a separatist leader says the rebels will not disarm
Let's have a look at the peace plan in more detail.
The first stage is the unilateral week-long ceasefire by government
A corridor will be created to allow non-Ukrainian fighters to leave
A ten kilometre wide buffer zone is proposed for the border
The plan also promises decentralisation of power to
Daniel Sandford reports from the Luhansk region,
where the fighting has turned once peaceful villages into a war-zone.
Homes destroyed by shells fired by the Ukrainian army.
As it takes on pro-Russian rebels deep in their own territory.
This part of this small town is now abandoned.
We are half an hour's drive north of Luhansk on one
of the main roads out of the city heading towards the Russian
border and there has been very heavy fighting here in recent days.
It is eerily quiet in this small town at the moment.
And you can see one of the results of the fighting
That there is the forward position of the slowly
Local people told us the fighting had become much fiercer
in recent days and that some villagers had been killed.
Slowly, the civilian death toll is rising
Here, it's been going on since Friday.
Before then, there were exchanges of fire but nothing on this scale.
As we made our way back to Luhansk, we found the main road been blocked.
The rebels had blown up a footbridge and crashed it down on the highway.
It's a dramatic way for the soldiers of the self declared
the Luhansk People's Republic to build their own defences.
This week the fighters on the two sides have been exchanging bodies
which has seen some of the worst
fighting, conditions deteriorate by the
day. Some like this woman have escaped
to Donetsk where I found in a
dormitory. But she said many have
remained behind. Everybody is saying
we're going to die here, she told me.
They shouldn't be dying. They should
all leave. The Ukrainian government
has offered a ceasefire to allow
the rebel gunmen to give up their
weapons but there's no sign of that.
Eastern Ukraine is sliding into a
Thailand, Malaysia and Venezuela have been
strongly criticised, by the United States, as some of the world's worst
In the State Department's annual Trafficking in Persons Report,
the countries have been placed in the lowest tier for failing to
meet its minimum standards in the elimination of trafficking.
Mr Kerry however said no country was without blame.
For years we have known that this crime affects every country
More than 20 million people, a conservative estimate,
And United States is the first to acknowledge that no government
And we all need to try harder and do more.
The International Labour organisation estimates that
around $150 billion in profits are generated annually
from trafficking, of which $99 billion goes into the sex industry.
With me is Amy Willerton, she is currently Miss Great Britain,
but has had first-hand experience of just how easy it is
for young women to be trafficked for the sex industry.
You are 21 now. When you were 18, I think, you had a bit of terrible
experience which is given new insight into how easy it is to be
human traffic for the sex industry. Tell us what happened. When I was
18, I went to south-east Asia for a beauty pageant,. I went over there.
When I arrived, I basically discovered that the girls had been
brought over in order to be sold into the sex trade. You know, from
the perspective of somebody that has been educated. I come from a very
privileged society, so easily entering into that world, ignorant
leak, yeah, you can slip into a quite easily -- ignorantly. How many
young women were included in this pageant? Roughly 40 other girls
about the same age. All from different parts of the world. All of
them just wanted an opportunity to change their lives, I suppose. Most
young women do. So what happens to you? First of all, when I arrived, I
had suspicions the pageant wasn't quite what it seemed straight away.
Within the first two days, I was assaulted several times and when we
arrived at the hotel, it was just a room with one blanket and ten of us,
the door was locked. Girls were randomly being pulled to judges
rooms. Some of the girls believed it was still a beauty pageant and when
they were being told, go to this man and have sex with him, and you will
win this competition, they believed it. Did they take away your
passport? Yes, in order to stop us leaving, they took away my passport
for the I was lucky. I stole a phone and got my passport back. It was
quite clever how I went about that and it took me 12 days to get away.
I fled, I ran away, and they chased me to the airport and I had to use
physical means to get my passport back but managed to get home. You
say, even though you were from a privileged background, Dales were
from the countryside and how they could get a job. It's so easy to
fall into it and it's about trying to inspire confidence in these
girls, so we don't end up in this awful situations. Any of these girls
who end up in the sex trade often, it's not by choice and yet, they are
penalised by outside society as prostitutes when it's not something
they gone into was choice. Thank you very much indeed for speaking up
about the perils of human trafficking of young women for the
sex industry. Thanks very much indeed.
Now to the World Cup and the game has just finished which may decide
Giles Goford has been watching Italy play Costa Rica.
Italy are for times world champions. Costa Rica have won just four World
Cup games before kick-off but the victory over Uruguay raised hopes of
another shock result. Mario ballot tally was the hero against England
against their opening game. This effort was below par. Campbell was
causing the Italian defence trouble. Could've had a penalty here but a
minute later, frustration turned to delight as the captain headed in at
the far post. Costa Rica, in the lead, knowing a win would put them
through to the last 16 with a game to spare. Italy were the shadow of
the team which beat England. They could not find their way through.
Time eventually got the better of them so Costa Rica qualify. That
means England are out. The final second-round spot, Italy and Uruguay
on Tuesday. Next up, the two top teams in
Group E, Switzerland And it's an Latin American clash
in the late game between two first round losers,
as Honduras take on Ecuador. Flying is not the glamorous thing
it was in the past when only a rich The era of mass air travel means
crowded airports, heavy security and tightly packed aircraft and many
of us must hanker for an era William Stadiem's new book, Jet Set,
tells the story of the aviation pioneers who introduced
Americans to ground breaking jet aircraft, and the people who
travelled in high speed luxury. # Come fly with me, let's fly,
let's fly away #. There was no one more jet-setty
in the world than Frank Sinatra, whose theme song, Come Fly With Me,
was the anthem of the jetset era. The jet set is a term that came
into use with the arrival of the jets starting in 1958, of
the people who flew on these jets. And it noted a class
of people that were glamorous, It was a very, very, very positive
connotation and very exotic The introduction of the 707 was
a remarkable innovation As important as the invention
of the personal computer. You could expand your horizons in
ways you never dreamt possible by being able to get on one of these
jet planes and flying to Europe in six or seven hours, when, just years
before, it was a 15-hour ordeal. New York to London in
the same time that it takes you to It was very cheap relatively
speaking for a trip to Europe. $500 in economy round trip on
Pan Am, and $1,000 in first class. Today, first class is $20,000 but
the real bargain for the American public and for the travelling public
in general was Europe itself, which Nothing was inflated in the years
since the 60s like luxury travel. Everything, even the lowest form
of steerage, back in the 60s, was more like what would be
considered business class today. The seats were wide,
there were comfortable, they served Today you can fly cheaply
but you fly badly. Jerry Coffin has died aged 75. He
wrote many heads for his former wife, Carole King, including Will
You Love Me Tomorrow? # Tonight, will you still Love me tomorrow? #
Throughout his career, he penned more than 50 top 40 hits. Carole
King paid tribute to him posting a photo of him saying, "there are no
words." That's it. Next, the weather. From me and the team,
goodbye and enjoy your weekend. It was a lovely end to the week across
most parts of the United Kingdom. It will stay quiet overnight. It will
be another lovely day