20/06/2014 World News Today


20/06/2014

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Welcome to BBC World News Today. Coming up... We look at the global

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refugee surge. The US names and shames the countries in the world

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that have the worst record on human traffic on. As fighting rages

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between government forces and jihadists in Iraq, a senior cleric

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calls for the formation of an inclusive government. And tiny Costa

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Rica beat mighty Italy in the World Cup knocking England out of the

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competition. And come fly with me. We look back at the early glamour of

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the jet age. Hello and welcome to the programme.

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One of the human costs of conflict and insecurity is the number of

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people around the world to become refugees. The UN refugee agency says

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the number of people displaced by war or persecution rose to over 50

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million last year, the highest total since World War II to. Of these, 17

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million have left the country in search of security. The war in Syria

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is driving up the numbers. According to the most recent figures to .8

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million Syrians have fled the country since the war began more

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than three years ago. Most of them have gone to neighbouring countries.

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New arrivals from Syria. The conflict is in its year. 2.5 million

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Syrians have fled their country. They may be saved at this can never

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be home. Another 6.5 million are displaced inside Syria. They are

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short of food and medical care and aid agencies can scarcely reach

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them. Around the world, war and persecution have driven over 51

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million people from their homes. It is the highest figure since World

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War II. It is a quantum leap. It is a qualitative change. The world is

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becoming more violent and more people are being displaced. The

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capacity to solve this problem from a humanitarian point of view does

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not exist. Aid agencies are impatient at fob they see as

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paralysis within the UN Security Council. Designed to prevent and

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solve conflict it seems to be doing anything but. Hundreds of thousands

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of refugees have been in camps for years. New wars add to their

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numbers. In 2013 32,000 people fled their homes every day. From the

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Central African Republic, South Sudan, Somalia, Syria. Their lives

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are on hold until they can go home. Among that figure of the 1 million

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displaced, the latest from Iraq have not even been added to the figures.

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Let's talk some more about this. With me is Dave Garrett Chief

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Executive of Refugee Action and jet crisp who joins us from Washington.

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He is from Refugees International. This is happening because the world

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is not doing enough. That is correct. There is a high number of

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refugees. It is the result of a number of different factors. We have

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long-standing conflicts such as those in Amistad and Somalia which

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are not getting any better. That is preventing refugees from going back

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to their own country. In the last few years we have had new

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emergencies such as South Sudan and the Central African Republic. Now we

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are worried about the situation in Ukraine and northern Nigeria. The

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numbers seem set to rise. The number given by the United Nations is an

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out of date figure. That is for the end of 2013 and we have seen a

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bigger exodus of refugees from Syria since then. That number of April

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continuing to rise, it is the most disadvantaged countries in the world

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who support them. That is correct. It is about 85%. The developed world

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is not doing enough. In the UK, for example, we have a resettlement

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programme. It has an ambition to resettle 750 people every year. That

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compares quite badly to other years. -- to other countries. We have only

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resettle 24 people since March. It is a wake-up call to the West. Give

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us the figures for Syria for the UK. In terms of the programme, and

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spontaneous arrivals, it is difficult to get the figures. We are

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only talking about a few thousand. We are talking about applications

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but Sweden has more than any others? That is correct. Countries like

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Germany have pledged to bring in 20 hours and people. These are the

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figures we need to see the UK Government is starting to have

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ambitions are bad. The numbers are very small. Can the UK and nations

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like it do more to help? What should they be doing? They have a number of

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responsibilities. The first is to admit asylum seekers and refugees.

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They have a responsibility to support humanitarian agencies in

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their efforts to provide life-saving assistance to refugees. Haps most of

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all, they have a political responsibility to try and use

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diplomacy to bring conflicts to an end. As we have seen in the case of

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Syria, the UN Security Council is paralysed. He cannot even get

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cross-border assistance to the people who are in need. We are at a

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very bad moment in political history for the international community. The

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system of international governance is not functioning. Very quickly,

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what happens to refugees generally? It can be very difficult to build a

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new life in a new country. What we see happening is that refugees are

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some of the very most resilient and powerful people and we should be

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proud to welcome them. Thank you. The Syrian authorities said a car

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bomb have killed at least -- has killed at least four people. More

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than 50 people were injured in the blast in a government-controlled

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village. Iraqi security forces are continuing

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their battle with jihadists from ISIS. There have been fierce clashes

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over at the airport in the strategic Tal Afar just outside the autonomous

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Kurdish region in the North just bites its way across northern Iraq,

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a be verified but it comes from social media accounts with no links

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intent on we we will go to the men in the film to the the fighters are

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the deepening concern in the West. We should recognise the dangers to

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Britain we have Islamist extremists in control of a part of this country

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and we believe it is absolutely correct for the Americans to

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confront these problems Baghdad, fighting continues for a a local

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commander was reported as saying the refinery supplies 25% of all Kurdish

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troops are patrolling their own front lines further north and

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looking for they have used this crisis to it is part of out at the

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ready and President Obama has made it clear he just yet. He -- to deal

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with the threat. He is not concentrating at the moment on brute

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force. It is clear that the problem. John Kerry arrives in

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Baghdad in the coming days and he hand from a leading cleric called

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for a government which towards a new future Nouri al-Maliki did well in

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the elections if you've months ago and will be in -- what is the risk

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that is as fighters could reactivate this complex? I think the risk is

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pretty low. The United States is playing it down. However we do know

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that there are large stockpiles of very old and agents which are well

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past their sell by date. It is sealed in concrete Rhian forced

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bunkers. We have seen wider use of chemical weapons in Syria.

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Improvised chemical weapons are being used. Al-Qaeda used mustered

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shells and others between 2004 and nine. In Iraq ISIS have been doing

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research. Which ISIS code replicate in Iraq. This is the modus

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operandi, the way of using them that they have done in Syria. Thanks very

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much indeed for talking us through that.

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The Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko,

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has announced that a ceasefire will come into effect about now.

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It's part of his peace plan aimed at ending a two-month insurgency in

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But a separatist leader says the rebels will not disarm

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Let's have a look at the peace plan in more detail.

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The first stage is the unilateral week-long ceasefire by government

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A corridor will be created to allow non-Ukrainian fighters to leave

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A ten kilometre wide buffer zone is proposed for the border

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The plan also promises decentralisation of power to

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Daniel Sandford reports from the Luhansk region,

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where the fighting has turned once peaceful villages into a war-zone.

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Homes destroyed by shells fired by the Ukrainian army.

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As it takes on pro-Russian rebels deep in their own territory.

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This part of this small town is now abandoned.

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We are half an hour's drive north of Luhansk on one

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of the main roads out of the city heading towards the Russian

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border and there has been very heavy fighting here in recent days.

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It is eerily quiet in this small town at the moment.

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And you can see one of the results of the fighting

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That there is the forward position of the slowly

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Local people told us the fighting had become much fiercer

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in recent days and that some villagers had been killed.

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Slowly, the civilian death toll is rising

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Here, it's been going on since Friday.

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Before then, there were exchanges of fire but nothing on this scale.

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As we made our way back to Luhansk, we found the main road been blocked.

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The rebels had blown up a footbridge and crashed it down on the highway.

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It's a dramatic way for the soldiers of the self declared

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the Luhansk People's Republic to build their own defences.

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This week the fighters on the two sides have been exchanging bodies

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which has seen some of the worst

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fighting, conditions deteriorate by the

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day. Some like this woman have escaped

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to Donetsk where I found in a

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dormitory. But she said many have

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remained behind. Everybody is saying

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we're going to die here, she told me.

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They shouldn't be dying. They should

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all leave. The Ukrainian government

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has offered a ceasefire to allow

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the rebel gunmen to give up their

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weapons but there's no sign of that.

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Eastern Ukraine is sliding into a

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Thailand, Malaysia and Venezuela have been

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strongly criticised, by the United States, as some of the world's worst

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In the State Department's annual Trafficking in Persons Report,

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the countries have been placed in the lowest tier for failing to

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meet its minimum standards in the elimination of trafficking.

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Mr Kerry however said no country was without blame.

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For years we have known that this crime affects every country

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More than 20 million people, a conservative estimate,

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And United States is the first to acknowledge that no government

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And we all need to try harder and do more.

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The International Labour organisation estimates that

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around $150 billion in profits are generated annually

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from trafficking, of which $99 billion goes into the sex industry.

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With me is Amy Willerton, she is currently Miss Great Britain,

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but has had first-hand experience of just how easy it is

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for young women to be trafficked for the sex industry.

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You are 21 now. When you were 18, I think, you had a bit of terrible

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experience which is given new insight into how easy it is to be

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human traffic for the sex industry. Tell us what happened. When I was

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18, I went to south-east Asia for a beauty pageant,. I went over there.

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When I arrived, I basically discovered that the girls had been

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brought over in order to be sold into the sex trade. You know, from

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the perspective of somebody that has been educated. I come from a very

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privileged society, so easily entering into that world, ignorant

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leak, yeah, you can slip into a quite easily -- ignorantly. How many

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young women were included in this pageant? Roughly 40 other girls

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about the same age. All from different parts of the world. All of

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them just wanted an opportunity to change their lives, I suppose. Most

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young women do. So what happens to you? First of all, when I arrived, I

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had suspicions the pageant wasn't quite what it seemed straight away.

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Within the first two days, I was assaulted several times and when we

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arrived at the hotel, it was just a room with one blanket and ten of us,

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the door was locked. Girls were randomly being pulled to judges

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rooms. Some of the girls believed it was still a beauty pageant and when

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they were being told, go to this man and have sex with him, and you will

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win this competition, they believed it. Did they take away your

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passport? Yes, in order to stop us leaving, they took away my passport

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for the I was lucky. I stole a phone and got my passport back. It was

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quite clever how I went about that and it took me 12 days to get away.

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I fled, I ran away, and they chased me to the airport and I had to use

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physical means to get my passport back but managed to get home. You

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say, even though you were from a privileged background, Dales were

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from the countryside and how they could get a job. It's so easy to

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fall into it and it's about trying to inspire confidence in these

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girls, so we don't end up in this awful situations. Any of these girls

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who end up in the sex trade often, it's not by choice and yet, they are

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penalised by outside society as prostitutes when it's not something

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they gone into was choice. Thank you very much indeed for speaking up

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about the perils of human trafficking of young women for the

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sex industry. Thanks very much indeed.

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Now to the World Cup and the game has just finished which may decide

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Giles Goford has been watching Italy play Costa Rica.

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Italy are for times world champions. Costa Rica have won just four World

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Cup games before kick-off but the victory over Uruguay raised hopes of

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another shock result. Mario ballot tally was the hero against England

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against their opening game. This effort was below par. Campbell was

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causing the Italian defence trouble. Could've had a penalty here but a

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minute later, frustration turned to delight as the captain headed in at

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the far post. Costa Rica, in the lead, knowing a win would put them

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through to the last 16 with a game to spare. Italy were the shadow of

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the team which beat England. They could not find their way through.

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Time eventually got the better of them so Costa Rica qualify. That

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means England are out. The final second-round spot, Italy and Uruguay

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on Tuesday. Next up, the two top teams in

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Group E, Switzerland And it's an Latin American clash

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in the late game between two first round losers,

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as Honduras take on Ecuador. Flying is not the glamorous thing

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it was in the past when only a rich The era of mass air travel means

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crowded airports, heavy security and tightly packed aircraft and many

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of us must hanker for an era William Stadiem's new book, Jet Set,

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tells the story of the aviation pioneers who introduced

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Americans to ground breaking jet aircraft, and the people who

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travelled in high speed luxury. # Come fly with me, let's fly,

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let's fly away #. There was no one more jet-setty

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in the world than Frank Sinatra, whose theme song, Come Fly With Me,

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was the anthem of the jetset era. The jet set is a term that came

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into use with the arrival of the jets starting in 1958, of

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the people who flew on these jets. And it noted a class

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of people that were glamorous, It was a very, very, very positive

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connotation and very exotic The introduction of the 707 was

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a remarkable innovation As important as the invention

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of the personal computer. You could expand your horizons in

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ways you never dreamt possible by being able to get on one of these

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jet planes and flying to Europe in six or seven hours, when, just years

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before, it was a 15-hour ordeal. New York to London in

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the same time that it takes you to It was very cheap relatively

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speaking for a trip to Europe. $500 in economy round trip on

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Pan Am, and $1,000 in first class. Today, first class is $20,000 but

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the real bargain for the American public and for the travelling public

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in general was Europe itself, which Nothing was inflated in the years

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since the 60s like luxury travel. Everything, even the lowest form

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of steerage, back in the 60s, was more like what would be

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considered business class today. The seats were wide,

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there were comfortable, they served Today you can fly cheaply

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but you fly badly. Jerry Coffin has died aged 75. He

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wrote many heads for his former wife, Carole King, including Will

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You Love Me Tomorrow? # Tonight, will you still Love me tomorrow? #

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Throughout his career, he penned more than 50 top 40 hits. Carole

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King paid tribute to him posting a photo of him saying, "there are no

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words." That's it. Next, the weather. From me and the team,

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goodbye and enjoy your weekend. It was a lovely end to the week across

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most parts of the United Kingdom. It will stay quiet overnight. It will

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be another lovely day

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