23/06/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.


On a surprise visit to Baghdad, the US Secretary of State John


Kerry warns of a "critical moment" for Iraq, as ISIS insurgents extend


territory under their control in the north and west.


He warns Iraqi leaders that the country's future survival


depends on them uniting, urgently, against the jihadists.


The support will be intense and sustained and if the readers of Iraq


take the necessary steps it will be effective.


Shock at the outcome of the trial in Egypt of three Al Jazeera


They?re jailed for seven years, convicted of "spreading false news".


Pro-Russian separatists say they will respect a ceasefire declared


In Spain finally win a World Cup match, defeating Australia 3-0. Both


teams go home anyway. The US Secretary of State John Kerry


has been in Iraq today for crisis talks as the situation


in the country escalates. Sunni militants have tightened


their grip in the north and west of the country, seizing control


of strategic border towns. Mr Kerry has asked the Iraqi


Prime-Minister Nouri al-Maliki to The rebels led by the jihadist group


ISIS are now in control of much of They've also reportedly retaken


control of the town of Tal Afar - The group are also effectively


in control of Iraq's western border And government forces have pulled


out of al-Waleed crossing with Syria and


the Turaibil crossing with Jordan. Well Mr Kerry has also visited


Jordan today, After the recent collapse


of the Iraqi army, these pictures seem to show greater determination


and it is clear from the evidence that they are starting to be


successful in taking back territory Still, ISIS has scored further


successes just today, it has taken over more border crossings and it


is sounding a major hydroelectric So this is the position that


John Kerry, the US Secretary of The atmosphere when he met the


Iraqi Prime Minister was not He thinks


the Americans are deliberately not Mr Kerry wants him to step


down or at least to widen It is essential that Iraq's leaders


form a genuinely inclusive government


as rapidly as possible within The most Mr Kerry has probably gone


from this visit is an undertaking from the Iraqi Prime Minister that


he will broaden his government to It is the feeling amongst Sunni


people that they have been excluded from power, which has turned many


of them into supporters of ISIS. We would like a new government


as well but it is not time for If the parliament decide something


else this is a democratic country so we believe in democracy, we


believe in the will of the people. This is the way ISIS


likes to present itself. In this case the pictures are


from the city of Mosul ISIS fighters are handing


out copies of the Koran. They are not unbeatable


but it will take sole American help with the Iraqi government is to win


back places like Mosul. Pro-Russian separatist leaders


in eastern Ukraine have announced It comes after talks


between Ukrainian, The ceasefire in Donetsk and Luhansk


is expected to last until Friday and will run parallel to


a unilateral Ukrainian ceasefire that was declared by


President Petro Poroshenko David Stern is in Kiev


and joins me now. What will happen when the cease-fire


takes effect? What is important is what is not going to happen.


Apparently there will be a truce, both sides have agreed that they are


not going to conduct any operations against the other side until, as you


say, Friday at 10am local time. We will see if that lasts, there is


still a great deal of tension. The pro-Russian separatists have agreed


to a cease-fire. This is a unilateral cease-fire. The rebels


have agreed to match that. Until the time that the government cease-fire


is supposed to expire, this obviously is a positive step that is


being welcomed as such here in the yes. The question is, what will


happen next? They have also announced a 14 point peace plan.


They hope to bring peace ultimately to the east. The rebels say they


will not accept anything less than what their demands are, but


obviously both sides are talking to one another. This was a contact


group that met. It was not top officials. There is some contact


among European officials and with the Russian ambassador so it remains


to be seen what will happen but obviously any time they are not


fighting in the East, this is a positive development. Thank you for


that commitment. Three journalists with the


Al Jazeera network have been jailed for seven years in Egypt,


after being convicted of spreading false news and supporting


the banned Muslim Brotherhood. The case of Peter Greste,


from Australia, and Egyptians Mohamed Fahmy and Baher


Mohamed has attracted international attention, and sparked outrage since


they were detained last December. They were


among twenty defendants accused Inside, Australian Peter Greste


and two Al Jazeera colleagues desperately hoping this


ordeal is about to end. The judge had sat through 12


hearings at this trial, which Amnesty International dismissed


as a vindictive farce. The verdicts, then,


even more shocking. Peter's parents


watching a live feed in Australia. My God!


My God! Of 20 people on trial,


only two were acquitted. The rest,


most of them tried in their absence, In court, the families


reacted with disbelief. Seven years is


absolutely ridiculous. For the families,


this is the verdict they had feared And no wonder


the prisoners shout in anguish. From here,


they will be taken back to the cell they've shared for six


months. It is three metres by four metres,


just a small window and three beds. They are in lockdown


for 23 hours a day. This was the night of the arrests


in late December and the recording of the raid on the


Marriott hotel room where the Al Jazeera journalists


were working. Peter and the Cairo bureau chief


sitting next to him were charged with spreading false news in support


of the banned Muslim Brotherhood. For six months,


the international media has run But in the absence


of any real evidence, it seemed certain this case was


part of the wider diplomatic row between Egypt and the Gulf


state Qatar, which owns Al Jazeera and has backed the deposed Islamist


president Mohamed Morsi. Outside court today,


Muhamed's mother said her son is If they could find any one


single evidence... Anyone doing anything should


take the punishment. From here,


the appeals process is a long road. There can be no presidential pardon


until the legal battle is exhausted. We're joined now from Qatar


by Dominic Kane, a journalist for Al Jazeera English who was


today convicted in absentia and Dominic, first novel, shock and


outrage at what has happened to your colleagues absolutely. Shock was the


first reaction of all others. Like you just heard there, the evidence


against us was flimsy in the extreme. It was inconsistent, at


times it was incoherent. Because of that and because he believed in the


Egyptian justice system that the judges would see that the evidence


was flimsy and take the only decision possible, which was clearly


to acquire all of us, but since then in the last few hours we have had


tainted digests this and now our reaction is one of outrage. This is


a serious miscarriage of justice. It should not be allowed to happen and


in the new Egypt's where there was a referendum on a new constitution


that was supposed to enshrine the freedom of expression, the only


verdict that should have come from that was not guilty. It did not


come. Yes, our journalists was in the dock and I was in the dock in


absentia but now the only thing that should be in the dock is the


Egyptian justice system. Dominic, you have a ten year jail sentence in


absentia. What does that mean for you? For those of us who were


convicted in our absence and given ten year sentences it is quite


profound. It means we cannot go to any country which has a valid


extradition treaty with Egypt for fear that extradition rights may be


sought by the Egyptians. There is a recent development which is of


concern. The joke was allowed back into the African union in the last


few days as a consequence of the election of the president. The


African union has a convention which allows for the extradition of people


who have been charged and convicted of terrorist letting fences. --


terrorist related offences. The worst-case scenario is that the


entire African continent is out of bounds for us. What would you all


like to happen from here on out? What do you want the international


community to do? The Egyptian ambassador in London was summoned to


the Foreign Office. What do you want? Obviously I would like the


verdict to be overturned. Let's not forget that journalism is not a


trained in the reality is that my friends and colleagues are now deal


with rapists and murderers and they have done nothing wrong. Immediately


they must be released. Secondly, unfortunately because of the nature


of the Egyptian justice system either myself or my colleagues can


appeal against this convection and as he heard the appeals process can


be very protracted. What we are calling for as British citizens is


that the British government take whatever action it can in order for


this terrible travesty of a trial to be overturned and for the innocent


journalists that we are to be recognised as such for my colleagues


to be released and for all the convictions to be overturned. Thank


you very much. convictions to be overturned. Thank


Dominic Keane who was today convicted in absentia in Cairo and


given ten years. Let's speak now Gamal Abdel-Gawad,


Professor of political science at The American University in Cairo


and advisor to Al-Ahram Centre . A travesty of a trial is what


Dominic said. What does this tell us about the independence of the


Egyptian judiciary? To a great extent I think it is highly


influenced by the political development, looking at the verdict


it is clear that the judge applied articles that are in the law but on


the other hand it is also politicised in terms of the fact


that those articles apparently have been interpreted in a way that is a


highly influenced by the political atmosphere in the country. Those


journalists have been caught in the middle of a fierce power struggle


between the Muslim brotherhood on one hand and the government on the


other and also there is an original damage and do that, they are


struggling between Egypt and the fact that in the state the


government of Qatar owns Al Jazeera and to some extent at least Al


Jazeera has been influenced by the political differences in the state


of Qatar. This is not a good thing to happen for the journalists. Do


they not make a distinction between Al Jazeera English and Al Jazeera


Arabic? There have been criticisms of that. Al Jazeera is based in cat


that which is very pro-Mohamed Morsi anti-Muslim brotherhood. There are


even worse the exiles living in cat and the Egyptian authorities are not


very happy about that. This distinction between art is either


English and Al Jazeera Arabic is not very much accepted by the Egyptian


facials. They see both of them as a package, as a tool used by the


Qatari government to advance its policy in the region, a policy that


has been perceived here as an outstanding policy. That they


provided a kind of extraordinary instance of coverage of the


developments in Egypt, not only reporting the news but also giving a


broad room for opinion critical of the Egyptian government. This was


perceived negatively in the Egyptian government and apparently this case


against journalists of Al Jazeera is a -- to any great extent and outcome


of that. And one question on Iraq. We have the Americans and others


think they want a more inclusive government. A lot of people are


saying that actually the president is being encouraged to step down.


What do they see in the Arab world about what is going on in Iraq? Do


they see him as being an obstacle? Yes, this is a white belief you're


in the Arab world, that the performance over the past eight


years was not really encouraging to people around the Arab world. And


the fact that those developments are happening at the end of his second


term are strong indication of his failures to providing clues of, to


recompile and integrate the Sunni segments of Iraqi society. -- to


provide an inclusive government. This is a popular demand around


here, a new Prime Minister for Iraq. He is also losing the American


support. They are not happy with him. If the crowd decides that he is


not right, I think we are likely to see a new premier in Iraq. Thank you


very much indeed for talking to us both about what has gone on in Egypt


and Iraq. In other news Israel says it's


carried out air strikes Latest reports say at least ten


Syrian soldiers were killed in the raids, on positions near


the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. The attacks were in response to


the killing of a teenage boy Two other people,


including the boy's father, were Police in Kosovo have fired tear gas


and used batons to disperse hundreds of ethnic Albanians


angry about minority Serbs reinforcing a barricade on a bridge


in central Mitrovica. At least seven police officers were


injured and five cars set on fire. The clashes follow the decision


by the authorities last week to remove a three-year old blockade on


the bridge, which has been the scene A court in Sudan has ordered


the release of a 27-year-old woman who was sentenced to death last


month for converting The case of Meriam Ibrahim,


who is married to a Christian Sudanese-American,


triggered an international outcry. She gave birth to the couple's baby


daughter while in prison last month. The BBC has learned that a third


British man in a recruitment video for the Islamic militant group Isis


is from Aberdeen in Scotland. The 13-minute video emerged


on Friday, Two of the other fighters have been


identified as Nasser Muthana The BBC has also been told that


the families -- that a third grew up in Aberdeen


although he was originally from Bangladesh. One former acquaintance


spoke of his shock at seeing the man sitting with a very self-declared


Jihadist, urging others to take part in jihad. He does not want to be


named for fear of retribution but said that he had regularly been in


trouble as a young teenager. He came here when he was a younger child and


went to primary and secondary school year. After that, he was around in


Aberdeen. He was a bit arrogant, maybe something to prove. He ended


up in a lot of fights. To learn he has accepted religion in such an


extreme way is shocking because he is from Aberdeen and has ended up


somewhere like that. A former acquaintance of one Jihadist from


Aberdeen. With me now is Usama Hasan,


a senior researcher with the counter extremism think tank


the Quilliam Foundation. First of all, let's get the numbers


right, are we talking about a fairly small number of vulnerable young men


who get recruited? No, we are talking about 500 at least in the


area at the moment. For those in from across Europe. They are


fighting in Syria with this highly brittle terrorist group. These are


fairly large numbers. A very small proportion of Europe's Muslim


communities, which are tens of millions strong. That is what I


really meant. Fortunately, there are very small. But they have larger


support networks and sympathisers, who clearly provide the mood music


for them to carry on doing this kind of recruitment and activity. How


I've recruited? What would be typical way for a young man to end


up in Syria or Iraq? -- how I've recruited? British Jihadist is 20


years old, when people went to Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kashmir,


Pakistan, Somalia and most recently Syria. There are networks in place.


I went to fight in -- some went to my -- I went to fight in


Afghanistan. What motivated you? It was a very similar, narrow ideology,


this idea of not being able to live in a non-Muslim country like Britain


or Europe, we had to live in an Islamic state and be willing to


fight and die for it. In Afghanistan, we had an Islamic state


at the time. So it is a continuation of this kind of thing. People carry


these kind of ideas and make contact with like-minded people. What do you


do about it? Do you make it punishable by law and the that you


are going to be in real trouble? That is what the law says at the


moment. Under the terrorism legislation, if you fight abroad and


are not a member of a legitimate Armed Forces, you are a terrorist.


There is that very hard option to prosecute. In parts of Europe, they


are taking a very different approach. In Belgium and part of


Germany, they have a civic reintegration programme to try to


support them and give them counselling when they returned to


get rid of their, and help them reintegrate into civilian life and


find a job. -- get rid of their trauma. That is likely to work in


the long term but is quite a difficult one because some of them


may relapse into Jihadist and more terrorism. It is quite difficult to


do when you have passed laws against terrorism. What do you do? We have


to destroy the narrow ideology which promotes this. It is isolationist


and says that Muslims cannot love of anywhere else and that causes


problems over. That is the core of this that we must tackle. Thank you


very much. Now to the World Cup in Brazil,


where the tournament is nearing the end of week two and every match is


testing the strength of each team. Today is a big day, as the hosts,


Brazil, compete in their next game He joins us now. A couple of hours


to catch your breath before that they match. Absolutely. We are


looking forward to that. Let me tell you about the games we have already


had today. Four altogether. We have had two. Let's talk about the


Netherlands against Chile. 2-0 to the Netherlands. The first was


scored by a player from Norwich City, who had come on as a sub. He


has got one. Then it was the 92nd minute for the second goal. They


finished top of group be and will probably face Mexico or Croatia in


the next round. Chile lost but will probably face result. In the other


game, Spain beat Australia 3-0, salvaging a little bit of Spanish


pride. Not finishing bottom of the group. Fernando Torres scored one of


those goals. And what do we expect in the Brazil


team? That is the one that everybody is going to be watching in the


stadium. It certainly is. Let me sure you down here on Copacabana


Beach, behind me, they are going to be showing it on the big screen.


Already, couple of hours to go, and Brazilian fans are packing in. A


beautiful place to watch football. Brazil, the host and favourites in


the tournament, a few are little bit nervous but they only need a draw


against Cameroon and the other game, Croatia against Mexico.


Thank you very much indeed, from Rio de Janeiro.


And for more on the World Cup


You can catch up with all the latest news


and find out what's on offer today, including who is tipped to win.


You can also join the conversation on Twitter using #bbcworldcup.


Police say a bomb explosion in northern Nigeria killed at least


eight people. 20 people were injured as students gathered to pick up the


admission letters for the next term. It is not yet known who


carried out the attack but the area has previously been targeted by Boko


Haram. Let's bring you a reminder of our top story. John Kerry has been


in Iraq for crisis talks as the situation in the country escalates.


Sunni militants from a jihadist group have taken their grip on the


country. But for now, from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. month so far. There will be some


subtle changes in the forecast but it will not be too drastic. There


will be some sunny spells or tomorrow and a few showers but


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