23/06/2014 World News Today


23/06/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

:00:00.:00:00.

On a surprise visit to Baghdad, the US Secretary of State John

:00:07.:00:09.

Kerry warns of a "critical moment" for Iraq, as ISIS insurgents extend

:00:10.:00:13.

territory under their control in the north and west.

:00:14.:00:21.

He warns Iraqi leaders that the country's future survival

:00:22.:00:23.

depends on them uniting, urgently, against the jihadists.

:00:24.:00:27.

The support will be intense and sustained and if the readers of Iraq

:00:28.:00:43.

take the necessary steps it will be effective.

:00:44.:00:49.

Shock at the outcome of the trial in Egypt of three Al Jazeera

:00:50.:00:52.

They?re jailed for seven years, convicted of "spreading false news".

:00:53.:00:57.

Pro-Russian separatists say they will respect a ceasefire declared

:00:58.:01:01.

In Spain finally win a World Cup match, defeating Australia 3-0. Both

:01:02.:01:16.

teams go home anyway. The US Secretary of State John Kerry

:01:17.:01:25.

has been in Iraq today for crisis talks as the situation

:01:26.:01:29.

in the country escalates. Sunni militants have tightened

:01:30.:01:35.

their grip in the north and west of the country, seizing control

:01:36.:01:38.

of strategic border towns. Mr Kerry has asked the Iraqi

:01:39.:01:40.

Prime-Minister Nouri al-Maliki to The rebels led by the jihadist group

:01:41.:01:42.

ISIS are now in control of much of They've also reportedly retaken

:01:43.:01:53.

control of the town of Tal Afar - The group are also effectively

:01:54.:02:00.

in control of Iraq's western border And government forces have pulled

:02:01.:02:03.

out of al-Waleed crossing with Syria and

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the Turaibil crossing with Jordan. Well Mr Kerry has also visited

:02:08.:02:08.

Jordan today, After the recent collapse

:02:09.:02:12.

of the Iraqi army, these pictures seem to show greater determination

:02:13.:02:25.

and it is clear from the evidence that they are starting to be

:02:26.:02:29.

successful in taking back territory Still, ISIS has scored further

:02:30.:02:32.

successes just today, it has taken over more border crossings and it

:02:33.:02:42.

is sounding a major hydroelectric So this is the position that

:02:43.:02:47.

John Kerry, the US Secretary of The atmosphere when he met the

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Iraqi Prime Minister was not He thinks

:02:53.:02:59.

the Americans are deliberately not Mr Kerry wants him to step

:03:00.:03:08.

down or at least to widen It is essential that Iraq's leaders

:03:09.:03:13.

form a genuinely inclusive government

:03:14.:03:20.

as rapidly as possible within The most Mr Kerry has probably gone

:03:21.:03:22.

from this visit is an undertaking from the Iraqi Prime Minister that

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he will broaden his government to It is the feeling amongst Sunni

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people that they have been excluded from power, which has turned many

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of them into supporters of ISIS. We would like a new government

:03:34.:03:46.

as well but it is not time for If the parliament decide something

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else this is a democratic country so we believe in democracy, we

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believe in the will of the people. This is the way ISIS

:03:58.:04:00.

likes to present itself. In this case the pictures are

:04:01.:04:03.

from the city of Mosul ISIS fighters are handing

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out copies of the Koran. They are not unbeatable

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but it will take sole American help with the Iraqi government is to win

:04:17.:04:21.

back places like Mosul. Pro-Russian separatist leaders

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in eastern Ukraine have announced It comes after talks

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between Ukrainian, The ceasefire in Donetsk and Luhansk

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is expected to last until Friday and will run parallel to

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a unilateral Ukrainian ceasefire that was declared by

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President Petro Poroshenko David Stern is in Kiev

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and joins me now. What will happen when the cease-fire

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takes effect? What is important is what is not going to happen.

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Apparently there will be a truce, both sides have agreed that they are

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not going to conduct any operations against the other side until, as you

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say, Friday at 10am local time. We will see if that lasts, there is

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still a great deal of tension. The pro-Russian separatists have agreed

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to a cease-fire. This is a unilateral cease-fire. The rebels

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have agreed to match that. Until the time that the government cease-fire

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is supposed to expire, this obviously is a positive step that is

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being welcomed as such here in the yes. The question is, what will

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happen next? They have also announced a 14 point peace plan.

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They hope to bring peace ultimately to the east. The rebels say they

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will not accept anything less than what their demands are, but

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obviously both sides are talking to one another. This was a contact

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group that met. It was not top officials. There is some contact

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among European officials and with the Russian ambassador so it remains

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to be seen what will happen but obviously any time they are not

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fighting in the East, this is a positive development. Thank you for

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that commitment. Three journalists with the

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Al Jazeera network have been jailed for seven years in Egypt,

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after being convicted of spreading false news and supporting

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the banned Muslim Brotherhood. The case of Peter Greste,

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from Australia, and Egyptians Mohamed Fahmy and Baher

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Mohamed has attracted international attention, and sparked outrage since

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they were detained last December. They were

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among twenty defendants accused Inside, Australian Peter Greste

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and two Al Jazeera colleagues desperately hoping this

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ordeal is about to end. The judge had sat through 12

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hearings at this trial, which Amnesty International dismissed

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as a vindictive farce. The verdicts, then,

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even more shocking. Peter's parents

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watching a live feed in Australia. My God!

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My God! Of 20 people on trial,

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only two were acquitted. The rest,

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most of them tried in their absence, In court, the families

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reacted with disbelief. Seven years is

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absolutely ridiculous. For the families,

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this is the verdict they had feared And no wonder

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the prisoners shout in anguish. From here,

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they will be taken back to the cell they've shared for six

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months. It is three metres by four metres,

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just a small window and three beds. They are in lockdown

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for 23 hours a day. This was the night of the arrests

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in late December and the recording of the raid on the

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Marriott hotel room where the Al Jazeera journalists

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were working. Peter and the Cairo bureau chief

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sitting next to him were charged with spreading false news in support

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of the banned Muslim Brotherhood. For six months,

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the international media has run But in the absence

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of any real evidence, it seemed certain this case was

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part of the wider diplomatic row between Egypt and the Gulf

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state Qatar, which owns Al Jazeera and has backed the deposed Islamist

:09:08.:09:11.

president Mohamed Morsi. Outside court today,

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Muhamed's mother said her son is If they could find any one

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single evidence... Anyone doing anything should

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take the punishment. From here,

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the appeals process is a long road. There can be no presidential pardon

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until the legal battle is exhausted. We're joined now from Qatar

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by Dominic Kane, a journalist for Al Jazeera English who was

:10:00.:10:01.

today convicted in absentia and Dominic, first novel, shock and

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outrage at what has happened to your colleagues absolutely. Shock was the

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first reaction of all others. Like you just heard there, the evidence

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against us was flimsy in the extreme. It was inconsistent, at

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times it was incoherent. Because of that and because he believed in the

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Egyptian justice system that the judges would see that the evidence

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was flimsy and take the only decision possible, which was clearly

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to acquire all of us, but since then in the last few hours we have had

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tainted digests this and now our reaction is one of outrage. This is

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a serious miscarriage of justice. It should not be allowed to happen and

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in the new Egypt's where there was a referendum on a new constitution

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that was supposed to enshrine the freedom of expression, the only

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verdict that should have come from that was not guilty. It did not

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come. Yes, our journalists was in the dock and I was in the dock in

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absentia but now the only thing that should be in the dock is the

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Egyptian justice system. Dominic, you have a ten year jail sentence in

:11:19.:11:22.

absentia. What does that mean for you? For those of us who were

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convicted in our absence and given ten year sentences it is quite

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profound. It means we cannot go to any country which has a valid

:11:34.:11:36.

extradition treaty with Egypt for fear that extradition rights may be

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sought by the Egyptians. There is a recent development which is of

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concern. The joke was allowed back into the African union in the last

:11:48.:11:51.

few days as a consequence of the election of the president. The

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African union has a convention which allows for the extradition of people

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who have been charged and convicted of terrorist letting fences. --

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terrorist related offences. The worst-case scenario is that the

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entire African continent is out of bounds for us. What would you all

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like to happen from here on out? What do you want the international

:12:20.:12:25.

community to do? The Egyptian ambassador in London was summoned to

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the Foreign Office. What do you want? Obviously I would like the

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verdict to be overturned. Let's not forget that journalism is not a

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trained in the reality is that my friends and colleagues are now deal

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with rapists and murderers and they have done nothing wrong. Immediately

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they must be released. Secondly, unfortunately because of the nature

:12:51.:12:56.

of the Egyptian justice system either myself or my colleagues can

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appeal against this convection and as he heard the appeals process can

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be very protracted. What we are calling for as British citizens is

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that the British government take whatever action it can in order for

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this terrible travesty of a trial to be overturned and for the innocent

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journalists that we are to be recognised as such for my colleagues

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to be released and for all the convictions to be overturned. Thank

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you very much. convictions to be overturned. Thank

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Dominic Keane who was today convicted in absentia in Cairo and

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given ten years. Let's speak now Gamal Abdel-Gawad,

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Professor of political science at The American University in Cairo

:13:40.:13:41.

and advisor to Al-Ahram Centre . A travesty of a trial is what

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Dominic said. What does this tell us about the independence of the

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Egyptian judiciary? To a great extent I think it is highly

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influenced by the political development, looking at the verdict

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it is clear that the judge applied articles that are in the law but on

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the other hand it is also politicised in terms of the fact

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that those articles apparently have been interpreted in a way that is a

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highly influenced by the political atmosphere in the country. Those

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journalists have been caught in the middle of a fierce power struggle

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between the Muslim brotherhood on one hand and the government on the

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other and also there is an original damage and do that, they are

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struggling between Egypt and the fact that in the state the

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government of Qatar owns Al Jazeera and to some extent at least Al

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Jazeera has been influenced by the political differences in the state

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of Qatar. This is not a good thing to happen for the journalists. Do

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they not make a distinction between Al Jazeera English and Al Jazeera

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Arabic? There have been criticisms of that. Al Jazeera is based in cat

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that which is very pro-Mohamed Morsi anti-Muslim brotherhood. There are

:15:25.:15:29.

even worse the exiles living in cat and the Egyptian authorities are not

:15:30.:15:34.

very happy about that. This distinction between art is either

:15:35.:15:38.

English and Al Jazeera Arabic is not very much accepted by the Egyptian

:15:39.:15:45.

facials. They see both of them as a package, as a tool used by the

:15:46.:15:49.

Qatari government to advance its policy in the region, a policy that

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has been perceived here as an outstanding policy. That they

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provided a kind of extraordinary instance of coverage of the

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developments in Egypt, not only reporting the news but also giving a

:16:05.:16:10.

broad room for opinion critical of the Egyptian government. This was

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perceived negatively in the Egyptian government and apparently this case

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against journalists of Al Jazeera is a -- to any great extent and outcome

:16:22.:16:28.

of that. And one question on Iraq. We have the Americans and others

:16:29.:16:30.

think they want a more inclusive government. A lot of people are

:16:31.:16:38.

saying that actually the president is being encouraged to step down.

:16:39.:16:41.

What do they see in the Arab world about what is going on in Iraq? Do

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they see him as being an obstacle? Yes, this is a white belief you're

:16:47.:16:55.

in the Arab world, that the performance over the past eight

:16:56.:16:59.

years was not really encouraging to people around the Arab world. And

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the fact that those developments are happening at the end of his second

:17:03.:17:10.

term are strong indication of his failures to providing clues of, to

:17:11.:17:17.

recompile and integrate the Sunni segments of Iraqi society. -- to

:17:18.:17:22.

provide an inclusive government. This is a popular demand around

:17:23.:17:27.

here, a new Prime Minister for Iraq. He is also losing the American

:17:28.:17:30.

support. They are not happy with him. If the crowd decides that he is

:17:31.:17:39.

not right, I think we are likely to see a new premier in Iraq. Thank you

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very much indeed for talking to us both about what has gone on in Egypt

:17:46.:17:47.

and Iraq. In other news Israel says it's

:17:48.:17:48.

carried out air strikes Latest reports say at least ten

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Syrian soldiers were killed in the raids, on positions near

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the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. The attacks were in response to

:17:55.:17:59.

the killing of a teenage boy Two other people,

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including the boy's father, were Police in Kosovo have fired tear gas

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and used batons to disperse hundreds of ethnic Albanians

:18:08.:18:12.

angry about minority Serbs reinforcing a barricade on a bridge

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in central Mitrovica. At least seven police officers were

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injured and five cars set on fire. The clashes follow the decision

:18:21.:18:24.

by the authorities last week to remove a three-year old blockade on

:18:25.:18:27.

the bridge, which has been the scene A court in Sudan has ordered

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the release of a 27-year-old woman who was sentenced to death last

:18:31.:18:41.

month for converting The case of Meriam Ibrahim,

:18:42.:18:43.

who is married to a Christian Sudanese-American,

:18:44.:18:47.

triggered an international outcry. She gave birth to the couple's baby

:18:48.:18:51.

daughter while in prison last month. The BBC has learned that a third

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British man in a recruitment video for the Islamic militant group Isis

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is from Aberdeen in Scotland. The 13-minute video emerged

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on Friday, Two of the other fighters have been

:19:10.:19:11.

identified as Nasser Muthana The BBC has also been told that

:19:12.:19:17.

the families -- that a third grew up in Aberdeen

:19:18.:19:36.

although he was originally from Bangladesh. One former acquaintance

:19:37.:19:40.

spoke of his shock at seeing the man sitting with a very self-declared

:19:41.:19:44.

Jihadist, urging others to take part in jihad. He does not want to be

:19:45.:19:50.

named for fear of retribution but said that he had regularly been in

:19:51.:19:55.

trouble as a young teenager. He came here when he was a younger child and

:19:56.:19:59.

went to primary and secondary school year. After that, he was around in

:20:00.:20:03.

Aberdeen. He was a bit arrogant, maybe something to prove. He ended

:20:04.:20:08.

up in a lot of fights. To learn he has accepted religion in such an

:20:09.:20:12.

extreme way is shocking because he is from Aberdeen and has ended up

:20:13.:20:17.

somewhere like that. A former acquaintance of one Jihadist from

:20:18.:20:18.

Aberdeen. With me now is Usama Hasan,

:20:19.:20:20.

a senior researcher with the counter extremism think tank

:20:21.:20:22.

the Quilliam Foundation. First of all, let's get the numbers

:20:23.:20:30.

right, are we talking about a fairly small number of vulnerable young men

:20:31.:20:36.

who get recruited? No, we are talking about 500 at least in the

:20:37.:20:39.

area at the moment. For those in from across Europe. They are

:20:40.:20:44.

fighting in Syria with this highly brittle terrorist group. These are

:20:45.:20:52.

fairly large numbers. A very small proportion of Europe's Muslim

:20:53.:20:55.

communities, which are tens of millions strong. That is what I

:20:56.:20:58.

really meant. Fortunately, there are very small. But they have larger

:20:59.:21:06.

support networks and sympathisers, who clearly provide the mood music

:21:07.:21:10.

for them to carry on doing this kind of recruitment and activity. How

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I've recruited? What would be typical way for a young man to end

:21:18.:21:21.

up in Syria or Iraq? -- how I've recruited? British Jihadist is 20

:21:22.:21:26.

years old, when people went to Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kashmir,

:21:27.:21:33.

Pakistan, Somalia and most recently Syria. There are networks in place.

:21:34.:21:44.

I went to fight in -- some went to my -- I went to fight in

:21:45.:21:48.

Afghanistan. What motivated you? It was a very similar, narrow ideology,

:21:49.:21:56.

this idea of not being able to live in a non-Muslim country like Britain

:21:57.:22:00.

or Europe, we had to live in an Islamic state and be willing to

:22:01.:22:03.

fight and die for it. In Afghanistan, we had an Islamic state

:22:04.:22:09.

at the time. So it is a continuation of this kind of thing. People carry

:22:10.:22:13.

these kind of ideas and make contact with like-minded people. What do you

:22:14.:22:17.

do about it? Do you make it punishable by law and the that you

:22:18.:22:23.

are going to be in real trouble? That is what the law says at the

:22:24.:22:27.

moment. Under the terrorism legislation, if you fight abroad and

:22:28.:22:31.

are not a member of a legitimate Armed Forces, you are a terrorist.

:22:32.:22:36.

There is that very hard option to prosecute. In parts of Europe, they

:22:37.:22:38.

are taking a very different approach. In Belgium and part of

:22:39.:22:44.

Germany, they have a civic reintegration programme to try to

:22:45.:22:46.

support them and give them counselling when they returned to

:22:47.:22:49.

get rid of their, and help them reintegrate into civilian life and

:22:50.:22:53.

find a job. -- get rid of their trauma. That is likely to work in

:22:54.:22:58.

the long term but is quite a difficult one because some of them

:22:59.:23:03.

may relapse into Jihadist and more terrorism. It is quite difficult to

:23:04.:23:07.

do when you have passed laws against terrorism. What do you do? We have

:23:08.:23:14.

to destroy the narrow ideology which promotes this. It is isolationist

:23:15.:23:19.

and says that Muslims cannot love of anywhere else and that causes

:23:20.:23:23.

problems over. That is the core of this that we must tackle. Thank you

:23:24.:23:24.

very much. Now to the World Cup in Brazil,

:23:25.:23:27.

where the tournament is nearing the end of week two and every match is

:23:28.:23:30.

testing the strength of each team. Today is a big day, as the hosts,

:23:31.:23:35.

Brazil, compete in their next game He joins us now. A couple of hours

:23:36.:23:53.

to catch your breath before that they match. Absolutely. We are

:23:54.:23:59.

looking forward to that. Let me tell you about the games we have already

:24:00.:24:03.

had today. Four altogether. We have had two. Let's talk about the

:24:04.:24:08.

Netherlands against Chile. 2-0 to the Netherlands. The first was

:24:09.:24:18.

scored by a player from Norwich City, who had come on as a sub. He

:24:19.:24:26.

has got one. Then it was the 92nd minute for the second goal. They

:24:27.:24:32.

finished top of group be and will probably face Mexico or Croatia in

:24:33.:24:36.

the next round. Chile lost but will probably face result. In the other

:24:37.:24:42.

game, Spain beat Australia 3-0, salvaging a little bit of Spanish

:24:43.:24:46.

pride. Not finishing bottom of the group. Fernando Torres scored one of

:24:47.:24:54.

those goals. And what do we expect in the Brazil

:24:55.:24:58.

team? That is the one that everybody is going to be watching in the

:24:59.:25:04.

stadium. It certainly is. Let me sure you down here on Copacabana

:25:05.:25:08.

Beach, behind me, they are going to be showing it on the big screen.

:25:09.:25:13.

Already, couple of hours to go, and Brazilian fans are packing in. A

:25:14.:25:18.

beautiful place to watch football. Brazil, the host and favourites in

:25:19.:25:23.

the tournament, a few are little bit nervous but they only need a draw

:25:24.:25:26.

against Cameroon and the other game, Croatia against Mexico.

:25:27.:25:31.

Thank you very much indeed, from Rio de Janeiro.

:25:32.:25:34.

And for more on the World Cup

:25:35.:25:36.

You can catch up with all the latest news

:25:37.:25:39.

and find out what's on offer today, including who is tipped to win.

:25:40.:25:43.

You can also join the conversation on Twitter using #bbcworldcup.

:25:44.:26:04.

Police say a bomb explosion in northern Nigeria killed at least

:26:05.:26:09.

eight people. 20 people were injured as students gathered to pick up the

:26:10.:26:13.

admission letters for the next term. It is not yet known who

:26:14.:26:20.

carried out the attack but the area has previously been targeted by Boko

:26:21.:26:27.

Haram. Let's bring you a reminder of our top story. John Kerry has been

:26:28.:26:31.

in Iraq for crisis talks as the situation in the country escalates.

:26:32.:26:36.

Sunni militants from a jihadist group have taken their grip on the

:26:37.:26:38.

country. But for now, from me and the rest

:26:39.:26:39.

of the team, goodbye. month so far. There will be some

:26:40.:27:02.

subtle changes in the forecast but it will not be too drastic. There

:27:03.:27:07.

will be some sunny spells or tomorrow and a few showers but

:27:08.:27:08.

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