07/07/2014 World News Today


07/07/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, with me Dan?iela Ritorto.

:00:00.:00:08.

Fighting in the Middle East intensifies - Hamas demands revenge

:00:09.:00:15.

after Israeli airstrikes on their forces, while Israel warns

:00:16.:00:18.

it is preparing to escalate operations on the border with Gaza.

:00:19.:00:35.

And the man leading the race to become a scanner stand's vice

:00:36.:00:46.

president. And Pope Francis begs forgiveness from the victims of

:00:47.:00:54.

child abuse in the church. Brazil get set to play Germany in the first

:00:55.:00:56.

semifinal of the World Cup tomorrow. Unrest continues in the Gaza Strip,

:00:57.:01:05.

with Hamas warning that Israel will pay after eight Palestinian

:01:06.:01:12.

militants were killed overnight. Israel launched airstrikes

:01:13.:01:15.

after a wave of rocket fire Five Hamas fighters died in a tunnel

:01:16.:01:17.

near Rafah in the south of Gaza. Israel says explosives they had

:01:18.:01:28.

planted blew up as they inspected Tensions have been heightened

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since three Israeli teenagers were murdered near the West Bank city

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of Hebron. Soon after that a Palestinian

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teenager was killed near East Jerusalem, in what is widely

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seen as a revenge attack. The BBC's James Reynolds has

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the latest. Overnight Israel's your force struck

:01:47.:02:02.

targets in Gaza. A piece of land ruled by her masts. Israel says that

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it went after rocket launcher sites and warehouses. This afternoon and

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armed men killed in the strikes were buried. This was the deadliest night

:02:14.:02:23.

in Gaza since 2012. This morning a rocket fired by her masts landed in

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the Israeli village here, next to Gazza. Armas has -- how Mass has

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fired several of its rockets. What may more is the atmosphere here

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injuries will and nearby areas. Palestinians who live under Israeli

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rule have protested and have fought against the police. This morning the

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chief Palestinian negotiator to diplomats to see this village. It is

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surrounded by Jewish settlements built on land the Palestinians want

:03:05.:03:12.

for a state. What we are witnessing is a systematic approach by the

:03:13.:03:18.

Israeli government to throw us into the path of Watchet and violence and

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key loss -- chaos which we have seen in 2012. Israel's Justice Minister

:03:25.:03:33.

has led stocks with representatives of the Arab minority. Sick and tired

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of this on both sides. We need be more responsible. This is what I am

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trying to do in Israel and I expect the same message to be sent in

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Palestine. The army says that it is preparing for a possible escalation.

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Preliminary results from Afghanistan's Presidential

:04:05.:04:05.

election run-off show Ashraf Ghani has a big lead.

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The former World Bank official took 56% of the ballots.

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His rival, Abdullah Abdullah, has claimed the voting was rigged.

:04:14.:04:18.

A final result won't be declared until the Election Commission

:04:19.:04:20.

That's due to happen by July the 22nd.

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The eventual winner is to take over from Hamid Karzai,

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who has been president since the fall of the Taliban in 2001.

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Professor Michael Semple is a former EU special representative

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He spent more than two decades living in the country.

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These allegations of fraud and vote rigging, do the surprise you? We are

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very consistent with the way that elections have played out over the

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past decade in Afghanistan, so it is not very surprising. Abdullah

:05:00.:05:05.

Abdullah was the frontrunner and now it looks like Ashraf Ghani has got

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the lead. That took me by surprise. It certainly took Abdullah Abdullah

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by surprise and that is why they are disputing the results. Whoever wins,

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do you think that they will accept and respect the result? That is what

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we are going to see playing out over the next to the -- the next two

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weeks. Whether there will be a political deal which will get both

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teams to accept the results. I know that the US and its allies will be

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very keen to see that and to give a certain amount of legitimacy to the

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person that takes over from President Karzai. In terms of

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inheriting the country from President Karzai, what sort of

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country I the inheriting? One of the most difficult jobs in the world.

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The economy has been highly dependent upon the wire. Money which

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has come in around the US troop presence. That is rapidly dwindling

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and 95% of security expenditure has been coming from the US. Now they

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have a very limited revenue base, they have to find some way of paying

:06:19.:06:23.

their own. All the while they are having to fight an insurgency which

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is very far from over. Security is very much at the forefront whenever

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we talk about Afghanistan, but I just wonder, for the average Afghan

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who is trying to get by, make a living, improve life in their

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family, what is either of these men offer them? I suspect that a lot of

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Afghans, perhaps even the majority, are a little bit indifferent about

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who takes over. They won the war to end, they want a chance to get on

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with their lives. -- they want the war to end. The worst outcome for

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most Afghans would be if this dragged on for a long time in a

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disputed results. That is why there will be a lot of pressure to patch

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up some kind of reconciliation between these two teams over the

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next two weeks. Is the Afghan electoral commission up to the job?

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They are certainly under tremendous pressure. We have seen the spectacle

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of the chief officer, the man charged with running the election,

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he was pressured to resign after the takes came out which supposedly

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world hen instructing people to rig. He fled the country, he has

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been brought back to the country. The gentleman who is the chairperson

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of the commission is not really a hands-on technocrat kind of person.

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He is a nice old man. That is why people are looking to political

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understanding these two teams, rather than just trusting on the

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process of what you call auditing the boats. Going through

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spreadsheets, trying to work out whether votes are genuine or not.

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The commission has put its hand up and said, we would far rather that

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someone helped broker report: Understanding between the two teams

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rather than just relying on us getting everybody to rely on audit

:08:20.:08:23.

results. Pope Francis has made

:08:24.:08:27.

an unprecedented apology to people who have been sexually abuse

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by Roman Catholic priests. He met a group of victims

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at the Vatican, where he begged for their forgiveness for not only

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what he described as grave crimes, but also for the failure

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of the Church to deal with them. He also promised action to

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ensure this was never repeated. Let?s talk to our Rome

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correspondent, Alan Johnston. What did the Pope have to say to

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these victims? This group of six victims, two from Britain, two from

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Ireland, two from Germany, were invited to stay at the Vatican

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guesthouse, which was also the home of the Pope. They attended Mass with

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him this morning and his private chapel and after that he met each of

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them individually for half an hour, a series of encounters that went on

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for some three others. But it was during mass, during his homily, when

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he delivered his message to his visitors and all those around the

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world who have suffered in the same way, he said that the church had two

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-- had to weep and to beg for forgiveness. He acknowledged that

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there is additional suffering because church members had not acted

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on information. At one point he made enormous personal reference to some

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kind of personal feeling. -- failing. He talked about a personal

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pain, he talked about complicity. He talked about abuse victims turning

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to alcohol addiction, even to suicide. And he appealed to those

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victims who had come to visit him to help him shape policy so that that's

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sort of thing no longer happened. The victims themselves have been

:10:30.:10:33.

speaking, I be satisfied, are they happy since this meeting? We have

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heard from one of those in the meetings, a British man who was

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abused by a priest when he was still at school. He was satisfied with the

:10:43.:10:46.

way that things had gone. He said he had a full chance to see everything

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that he wanted to say to the Pope. He said that the church did not only

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need to atone for what happened but they needed to make sure that there

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could be no more cover-ups, that there needed to be complete

:10:59.:11:00.

cooperation with the civil authorities. He said he felt that he

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could see the pain that the Pope fell on his face as this unfolded --

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felt. He said it had been a life changing experience, having missed

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chance to come to the Vatican and explain himself to the Pope himself.

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Let us have a look at some of the day's other stories.

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16 people have died and five others are receiving

:11:26.:11:27.

treatment for burns in Vietnam, after a military helicopter crashed

:11:28.:11:29.

State-run media are saying the Russian-made helicopter was

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on a parachute training mission when it came down in

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the early morning in the Thach That district, a sparsely populated rural

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No civilians were injured in the crash, which has been blamed

:11:39.:11:42.

The murder trial of the athlete Oscar Pistorius has resumed with the

:11:43.:11:49.

cross-examination of the defence's final witness. Mr Pistorius' lawyers

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have condemned the leaking of a video showing him re-enacting events

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of the night he shot and killed his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp. He

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insists he mistook her for an intruder.

:11:57.:12:02.

The Ukrainian Government says its forces have retaken two more

:12:03.:12:04.

They announced on Sunday they'd regained Sloviansk - which had been

:12:05.:12:08.

The rebels have re-grouped in other areas - including

:12:09.:12:11.

Ukraine has ordered a complete blockade of that city

:12:12.:12:15.

The former President of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, has died at

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He was also the last foreign minister

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of the Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev, who called him a talented

:12:35.:12:37.

It is almost a month since ISIS began its advance. The country's

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security is now dependent on Shia militias whose ranks have swelled

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volunteers. It seems that one group in particular are holding fort.

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Drive 40 miles north of Baghdad and you will see the stronghold of Isis.

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Now another group of militia have stepped in after the Iraqi army

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collapsed under ISIS attack. The League Of The Righteous. The men on

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this front line position said that ISIS fighters were only 300 yards

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away. This is where the war is being fought on hot, empty roads in the

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heart of Iraq. And what is going on here has repercussions, not just

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across this country but right across the Middle East. It is changing the

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political dynamic. It is deepening sectarian divides. And eventually it

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may well be felt a long way from here, in Europe, or in the United

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States. At the Field HQ their commanders say that they would

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protect any Iraqi against invaders but have warned local Sunnis that

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anyone helping ISIS will be killed. TRANSLATION: We have had phone calls

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from villagers offering to surrender in exchange for the safety. This

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shows how terrified the militants are of us. This is because of our

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expertise in urban and gorilla warfare and experience we gained

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fighting against the Americans and the British. These either one

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pictures, they say, of their men in action recently against ISIS. They

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also fought in Syria on the resume's side. The group's leader

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says Syria and Iran are in the same war. TRANSLATION: I think that

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sending our men to fight in Syria was the right decision. Al-Qaeda has

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had a lot of practice in street fighting. If our guys had not got

:15:20.:15:25.

the experience in Syria then ISIS could have taken Baghdad and we

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would not be sitting here now. At local checkpoints the police defer

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to the militias. Most people here are she -- Shia Muslims and believe

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that ISIS would kill them if they could. ISIS will attack anybody,

:15:44.:15:58.

policeman, army soldiers, civilians. The local population here has been

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mobilised, soldiers coming to pick up food from this mosque. A fighter

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from a smaller Shia militia had spent years in American prisons in

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Iraq for fighting the western occupation. TRANSLATION: We will

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win, God willing. ISIS has been established by a dirty hand. They

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took the food out to another position on the edge of town. It has

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become a hit and run guerrilla war. TRANSLATION: No one likes war,

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unfortunately Iraq was targeted by foreign conspiracy. I blame Saudi

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Arabia, Turkey and Qatar. Back in Baghdad the paramilitary federal

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police handle much of the security. Guns dominate this country. Talk

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about a political deal today route the Shia ascendancy in the capital

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is getting nowhere. Iraq's ethnic fractures deepened by the day.

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He's a Consultant Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute

:17:14.:17:17.

here in London, he's a counter-insurgency expert

:17:18.:17:19.

and has worked as an advisor to the Iraqi government on security.

:17:20.:17:25.

Thank you very much for coming in. We heard Jeremy's report, Iraq's

:17:26.:17:33.

religious and ethnic fractures getting deeper, and they are armed

:17:34.:17:36.

to the back teeth as well. What is happening on the ground? As far as

:17:37.:17:41.

we can tell, the militias are being split into different areas, one

:17:42.:17:49.

militia is doing the road between Baghdad and another town. Another

:17:50.:17:54.

militia is looking after the road between Baghdad and another town. I

:17:55.:18:00.

am also picking up report that ethnic cleansing is going on. There

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is this fear of something called zero over. That is a fear that when

:18:09.:18:16.

ISIS coming to the new areas of Baghdad and so on, the Sunni Muslims

:18:17.:18:24.

will split into sleeper cells and start undermining the defences.

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Based on that, they are trying to drive people out. Which is not very

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helpful situation. The people we saw in the report, these are the same

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men who used to fight and kill and maim US and British forces during

:18:41.:18:47.

the occupation. That's right. All they know being tolerated because

:18:48.:18:53.

they are fighting ISIS? Indeed. They were tolerated when the forces were

:18:54.:19:01.

there in August of 2004. There was major conflict between them and the

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coalition forces. They have always had a bit of animosity against the

:19:13.:19:15.

West. But now there is a bigger enemy. In terms of the Iraqi army,

:19:16.:19:28.

Shia militias are acting as a defector Iraqi army, would that be

:19:29.:19:33.

fair to say? They are doing the job the Iraqi army should have done.

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Many soldiers have deserted, particularly in the North. He's

:19:41.:19:46.

militias are now coming into play. Who is the loyalty to with these

:19:47.:19:51.

militias? The loyalty is to the head of the militia. That is what makes

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them very strong, that strong bond of loyalty to their commander. It

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depends on who the commander... Who the commanders loyal to? One of them

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is very much loyal to the idea of Iraq as an entity. And the Shia

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identity you logically. -- feel logically. The commanders are

:20:18.:20:25.

working towards getting rid of this threat which threatens them as a

:20:26.:20:30.

country. That is what is galvanising them. We need to leave it there.

:20:31.:20:49.

Thank you very much. Hamas has claimed responsibility for firing a

:20:50.:20:53.

barrage of rockets fired at Israel. The claim came shortly after the

:20:54.:20:57.

Israeli military confirmed that several rockets were fired across

:20:58.:21:00.

the border without seeing how many had actually struck the Israeli

:21:01.:21:05.

territory. Hamas seems to have claimed responsibility for firing

:21:06.:21:07.

rockets into southern Israel. Here in the UK, the Home Secretary

:21:08.:21:09.

has announced an independent inquiry into how allegations of widespread

:21:10.:21:12.

child sex abuse were handled by the government and other public

:21:13.:21:15.

bodies in the 1980s and 1990s. They will also be an investigation

:21:16.:21:25.

into the handling of child abuse by seat -- senior politicians. How will

:21:26.:21:37.

these new investigations operate? I want to apologise on behalf of the

:21:38.:21:44.

government... Last month, the Health Secretary published what he called

:21:45.:21:46.

an overarching public enquiry into Jimmy Savile's sex crimes inside the

:21:47.:21:52.

NHS. A second enquiry into the lessons that can be learned in the

:21:53.:21:56.

health service is already underway. The BBC has commissioned to Mac

:21:57.:21:58.

enquiries into the activities of Jimmy Savile and Stuart Hall. Those

:21:59.:22:04.

independent reports are considering the lessons to be learned. As for

:22:05.:22:09.

allegations of possible child sex abuse involving senior politicians,

:22:10.:22:13.

there are investigations at the Home Office. Will this overarching

:22:14.:22:24.

enquiry be a political figleaf? There are a number of cases that

:22:25.:22:27.

need to be investigated, it is right to do this. The main reason it is

:22:28.:22:31.

right is because it is right for the victims. People need to know the

:22:32.:22:35.

truth. The enquiry panel is expected to draw the work of investigations

:22:36.:22:42.

into alleged cover-ups of abuse at children's homes in Northern

:22:43.:22:44.

Ireland, Wales and the Channel Islands. At schools, and at the

:22:45.:22:50.

police response to gangs grooming young girls in a number of towns

:22:51.:22:57.

across the country. This former policeman who investigated

:22:58.:23:01.

allegations against Cyril Smith says his evidence was taken away from

:23:02.:23:05.

them. That was it, we never heard anything, so anything, heard

:23:06.:23:10.

anything about the file, it simply disappeared. The man whose

:23:11.:23:17.

allegations inspired the police enquiry into an alleged paedophile

:23:18.:23:21.

ring involving senior politicians today told the BBC he believes there

:23:22.:23:26.

was a cover-up in Westminster. The Lords, the Commons, all

:23:27.:23:33.

institutions, they will be a small percentage of paedophiles and a

:23:34.:23:35.

slightly larger percentage of people who have known about it but felt in

:23:36.:23:42.

terms of their own self and self-preservation and her politic or

:23:43.:23:44.

party reasons it has been safer to cover it up.

:23:45.:23:54.

Any of us who fly will want to take a look at this story.

:23:55.:23:55.

you're looking forward to getting off the plane, stretching your feet.

:23:56.:23:59.

When, unknown to you but definitely in view of the pilot,

:24:00.:24:02.

a plane is on the runway ahead of you.

:24:03.:24:04.

Thankfully the Argentinean Airbus pulled back up into the sky

:24:05.:24:06.

as a Russian airliner rolled across the runway in front of it.

:24:07.:24:11.

The near miss took place at a Barcelona airport

:24:12.:24:14.

as the pilot avoided what could have been a catastrophic disaster.

:24:15.:24:18.

None of the passengers were hurt and an investigation is taking place.

:24:19.:24:28.

To the World Cup and Brazil continues preparations

:24:29.:24:31.

for the World Cup semi-final against Germany.

:24:32.:24:33.

The team will be without key player, Neymar, after his tournament

:24:34.:24:37.

ended in injury in the quarter final win over Colombia.

:24:38.:24:42.

about who will replace him in Belo Horizonte.

:24:43.:24:47.

Let's go to Peter Okwoche in Rio de Janeiro.

:24:48.:24:54.

Peter, in terms of that terrible injury that Neymar sustained,

:24:55.:25:03.

fractured vertebra, FIFA has made a decision on what is going to happen

:25:04.:25:07.

to the Colombian player who inflicted it. That's right. FIFA

:25:08.:25:12.

have said they are not going to take any action against the Colombian

:25:13.:25:19.

defender over the incident. They said that he had witnessed the

:25:20.:25:24.

incident, so there is no way they can take any active action against

:25:25.:25:34.

the defender. Viewers might remember that Neymar was injured in the small

:25:35.:25:37.

of the back during the quarterfinal win over Colombia. Neymar has been

:25:38.:25:42.

ruled out of the World Cup completely. The biggest star in this

:25:43.:25:48.

Brazilian squad. That incident caused a lot of pain and

:25:49.:25:52.

consternation here because they felt, they feel rather, but without

:25:53.:25:58.

Neymar it might be difficult for their team to go all the way. FIFA

:25:59.:26:04.

have said that they cannot take the stature and popularity of the player

:26:05.:26:06.

into consideration when they are dealing with these incidents. FIFA

:26:07.:26:15.

also rejected Brazil's request that the ban on the ago Silver be lifted.

:26:16.:26:21.

He earned two yellow cards. He is suspended for the semifinal against

:26:22.:26:27.

Germany tomorrow. FIFA said there is no legal basis for them to rescind

:26:28.:26:34.

that yellow card. I am going to put you on the spot. Our Brazil going to

:26:35.:26:39.

win? Against Germany, it will be tough. I like the way the Germans

:26:40.:26:45.

have been playing so far. They were not as good against Algeria are

:26:46.:26:51.

friends, but I think the Germans... We have got to leave it there. That

:26:52.:26:55.

is all from the programme we will see you on Wednesday.

:26:56.:27:02.

Monday turned out to be a wet day, especially across Wales and into the

:27:03.:27:06.

south west of England. Tomorrow offers the prospect of sunny

:27:07.:27:07.

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