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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.
Israel's Defence Minister says it's going to stop Hamas one way or
another - by air or by ground - as the government takes authority
The Israeli military says its air strikes are targeting what
it terms 150 terror sites in Gaza, and that it's shot down a rocket
Can Afghans bridge their political divide?
Abdullah Abdullah claims victory in last month's election,
despite the results giving the lead to his rival.
The Commonwealth Games puts Scottish fashion in the spotlight.
We'll look at the mixed reaction to parade uniforms unveiled
I will be reporting live from Rio where excitement is reaching fever
pitch with just two hours to go until the Brazil-Germany semifinal.
Israel says it is considering all options against militants
in the Gaza Strip, including a possible ground incursion.
Today it's launched air strikes on what it calls 150 terror sites
in Gaza, strikes in which Palestinian officials say at
This is the aftermath of one strike on Gaza city,
where at least six people were said to have been killed.
The Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has demanded that Israel end
The BBC has reports from both sides of the conflict.
In a moment we'll have a report from James Reynolds in Sderot, but we
Footage filmed by the Israeli military as its strikes target Gaza,
This car was turned to wreckage as Israel hit three Palestinian
It says it wants to stop those behind rocket attacks.
Just a few hours ago, the three men, all Hamas militants, were driving
Now they have been carried into the graveyard.
They were killed in an Israeli air strike.
And just look at the crowds who have turned out to pay to their respects.
With several civilians killed here in southern Gaza,
including children, Hamas leaders swore they'd hit back.
We warned the occupiers against escalation and attacking homes,
At the hospital, ambulances ferry in wounded and doctors worry about how
Within one or two days or three days, I don't know,
But with dozens more rockets fired from Gaza into southern Israel
today, the cycle of violence continues.
Israel is massing its forces on the border with Gaza.
It's called up reserves, and it's determined to stop
I feel that I am not safe where I live, although I know I've got
shelters and all the army around me and everything.
But still, it's scary just to be around the noises
In towns and villages along the border,
Since midnight, more than 90 rockets have hit this country.
This is the headquarters of Israel's southern command.
And if Israel does order a ground offensive into Gaza, that operation
Are you about to order a ground offensive into Gaza?
By one way or another, we are going to stop Hamas.
Either by charging them a heavy price, or by launching any kind of
offensive measures by air, by ground or whatever, in order to stop them.
A ground offensive into Gaza would be its most serious move.
James Reynolds, BBC News, southern Israel.
The Afghan presidential contender Abdullah Abdullah has claimed
victory in the election despite results giving
Mr Abdullah says he received fewer votes than Ashraf Ghani,
Now the US has warned that any attempt to seize power is legally
could lead to Washington cutting off aid. President Obama spoke to
Abdullah Abdullah today and called for calm.
This may look like a victory rally, but no win has been declared yet.
What we have had so far is provisional results that put
Dr Ghani one million votes in the lead.
That has been totally rejected by people here and by Dr Abdullah
But he has resisted calls today to announce a parallel government,
which is what his supporters wanted to do.
He is asking for more time, knowing that by announcing some kind of
provocative act like that, it could throw the country into crisis.
We've already seen a portrait of President Hamid Karzai taken down
and replaced with one of Abdullah himself, and he knows that those
kind of acts here in Afghanistan could be deeply provocative.
Later this week, we are expecting the Secretary of State, John Kerry,
Dr Abdullah told his supporters that the Americans were not here
to take sides, but to try to unravel what he sees as a mess.
At least five people have been killed by an attack by Al-Shabab on
Somalia's presidential palace. Witnesses say they heard explosions
and heavy gunfire. Al-Shabab was driven out of Mogadishu in 2011, but
is continuing a campaign of gorilla warfare.
British scientists claim to have made a major breakthrough in
developing a blood test to predict the onset of Alzheimer's disease.
They claim it has an accuracy of 87%, but other experts have
warned that the test isn't yet ready for doctors' surgeries.
Jill and Dominic have lived with Alzheimer's for more than a decade.
She has been caring for him ever since he was diagnosed. Today's
research breakthrough has come too late for them. They conceive that
some in the future may benefit from early diagnosis.
Some people can go for a test because they want to know what facts
are. But other people, who don't know what the facts are, and then
suddenly find what the facts are, can be very distressed by it.
In this London laboratory, they have devised a simple blood test based on
the presence of certain proteins. The aim is to predict which
patients displaying symptoms like memory loss will succumb to
Alzheimer's, said trials of possible treatments of drugs can be applied
to the right people. For research purposes it is very important,
because it will guide us on current developing drugs and different
pharmaceutical companies would be able to treat these people a lot
earlier, because we want to detect them a lot earlier before they
convert to Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's accounts for about two
thirds of the total number of dementia cases in the UK, 820,000.
The test was trialled on 1100 patients. It predicted with 87%
accuracy which would develop Alzheimer's. This is an important
milestone on the journey towards finding a new treatment which would
delay the onset of Alzheimer's, but while research continues, it may be
a few years yet before the test is widely available to patients
soap will people worried about their brain function be offered a test to
tell whether they could develop Alzheimer's? Because all tests have
what we call a false positive rate, which is where you say that someone
is going to get his condition or a disease and in fact they want, is
certainly wouldn't and shouldn't be available for general screening of
the public yet. More than 40 million people suffer
from dementia around the world. Alzheimer's research has moved
painfully slowly. Now British science has opened up new
possibilities. A bakery in Northern Ireland
which refused to make a cake with a slogan supporting gay marriage
could be taken to court This is
the controversial cake design. It features the Sesame Street
characters Bert and Ernie along with the logo of Belfast-based
campaign group, Queer Space. The bakers' owners, who are
Christian, decided to refuse the order and felt so strongly about it,
they posted this response online. The directors and myself considered
it and looked at it and felt that this was at odds with our beliefs,
and it is in contradiction with what the Bible teaches, and on the
following Monday, we rang up the customer to let them know that we
couldn't take his order. Marriage in Northern Ireland has not been
redefined. It is still defined as being a union between one man and
one woman. Gavin Boyd is a gay rights
campaigner with the Rainbow Project in Northern Ireland, and supported
the discrimination complaint. And Simon Calvert is a spokesman
for the Christian Institute, which has given advice on how to
deal with the case to the bakery. Welcome to you both. Simon, surely
this is a case of outright discrimination? No, because it is
nothing to do with turning away customers, nothing to do with the
sexual orientation of the people who asked for the cake to be produced
for them. It is all to do with the content of the message that these
Christian bakers were required to print. We can all think of
situations where we might be asked to do something which goes so
fundamentally against our core values that we just couldn't do it.
That point was reached for these bakers here, and now we have the
equality can try to force them to endorse same-sex marriage. I think
most people feel that that would be going too far. Davin, it is their
business. Why can we not turn customers away? We already have
clear discrimination laws, this falls under the realm of something
you can't do. You can't pick and choose your customers based on their
sexual orientation. Simon, isn't that the point? The Bible's
teachings can't transcend the law of the land? Gavin has just said that
they are picking and choosing customers based on their sexual
orientation, and as Stix blamed, that wasn't the issue. People come
in and out of the baking shop all day long whatever time of day, and
whatever their background, they get a good service. The issue here was
whether they should be compelled to promote a particular message, and
nobody should be obliged to promote a controversial political message
that they don't agree with. Gavin Boyd, in Northern Ireland, the
assembly has voted down the idea of sanctioning gay marriage several
times. There is a socially conservative weight of public
opinion there. He I wouldn't say that at all. A recent survey by the
belt fast -- Belfast Telegraph showed the majority in favour of gay
marriage. -- same-sex marriage. That is where the UK Government made a
massive mistake on this issue, they is where the UK Government made a
massive mistake on this thought they could deal with it through
devolution, and ultimately what that is created as a system by which
someone from Belfast, I can go and get married in England, and when I
come back home, I'm not married any more. I have moved from one place in
the UK to another, and my relationship has been reclassified
without my consent. That is a fundamental constitutional anomaly
that the UK Government created. How do you answer the charge that it is
fundamentally unfair? I am here to speak about Shows bacon company. --
baking company. They are being threatened for not printing the
message support gay marriage. That is the issue at stake here. I think
most people whether they agree with the Christian bakery company or not,
they will think, let them get on with it, don't force them to promote
a message they don't agree with. The customers in this case went to a
different bakery up the road, got their cake and suffered no loss. But
if the equality commission when their legal action, they will suffer
real loss, loss of conscience and potentially loss of business. There
is a lot at stake for anyone who cares about freedom of conscience.
Gavin Boyd? What happened in this case was that the Baker took money
for a cake, entered into a contract with people, and then the Board of
Directors decided the message was unconscionable, and they wanted to
avoid the contract. It is against the law, it doesn't matter what
their reasons are doing it was. If you enter into a contract to provide
service overcome -- public, you don't get to pick and choose your
customers. Thank you both very much. It is a match worthy of the World
Cup final itself. Tonight, host nations Brazil face Germany in the
first of the semifinals. With the tournament's powder boy Neymar out
for the rest of the tournament, can Brazil still pose enough of a threat
to those resilient Germans? My colleagues Ben Brown in Steve Evans
join me now from Rio de Janeiro and Berlin where they have in soaking up
the atmosphere. Steve, how was it feeling? It's very loud here in
Germany and Berlin. I am on the fan mile, it's going to be full of fans,
some of them already and it's a mile-long and screens all the way
right down. The big screen just up here and already they're shouting
and I am going hoarse. Which fan are you, who are you supporting?
Germany! Why? Because they're the best. Are you absolutely sure
they're going to win tonight? Of course. No doubt? No doubt. OK. Let
me ask you, why do you think they're going to win? I think we are going
to win because Germany have better players and Neymar is not in the
game. There is a big home advantage for Brazil. They're playing at home
and they never lose at home. They never lose at home. But today we
win. We will see. Thank you both very much. So, the atmosphere here
is clearly fabulous, people are gathering. They expect 20,000,
30,000 maybe more here. The rain is coming down, it's raining in the
air. But not in their hearts. Steve, I don't know how much of a voice you
are going to have in a few hours' time, but thank you very much. Ben,
in Rio, we heard Brazil never lose on their home turf but they're
worried, aren't they? They are worried. It's fair to say, by the
way it's been raining here, as well. Although it stopped a short time
ago, I am glad to say. They're worried because they're without
their star man, Neymar, their poster boy, the best player. He is injured
with and they're without De Silva, their captain who is suspended, but
these people on the beach, we can show them to you now, they're
preparing to watch on the big screen there, a little bit damp and chilly,
but they're packing in to that beach waiting to see the game. Maybe some
of them are nervous. In fact, what some have been saying, maybe it's a
reverse psychology, up until now all the pressure has been on Brazil,
they looked like a team with the weight of the nation on their
shoulders, 200 million people expecting them to win this World
Cup. But now, in a sense, there is less pressure on them because they
don't have Neymar and De Silva, in a sense maybe that will help them
because they've less psychologically pressure. People don't expect them
to do so well. People say yes, maybe Germany have the better players.
Maybe this isn't a great Brazil side, not as good as previous sides
down the decades but that pressure is off them. Perhaps they can do
better. That at least is the hope of the fans here. It's an amazing
atmosphere. It's ratcheting up, it's electric. Not long to the game, over
an hour and 40 minutes. Have you one of these, it's a Neymar mask and I
have been hearing thousands of fans are hoping to at least channel his
spirit, even if he is not on the pitch? Exactly. I don't have one
myself, maybe I should go and buy one. I have been down there a few
minutes ago and everyone's wearing the masks, they're also wearing
number ten, his number, all in honour of him. Unfortunately for
Brazil he is not on the pitch. He is one of the spectators today. Ben in
Rio, they'll be obviously hoping they can pull back against
expectations. I haves about been hearing they've a -- I have also
been hearing they've a seem psychologist, is that the norm? A
lot of teams do use them, I think because Brazil felt under so much
pressure and stress with this vast weight of expectation, national
expectation that because they're the home side they would get their 6th
World Cup. They did bring in the psychologist and they've been coming
in for a bit of stick for that, the manager has been coming in for a bit
of stick, but their view is anything that helps, anything that helps the
players, if it helps them win football matches it's a good thing.
Ben in Rio, thank you very much. It's going to be a very exciting
night. Don't forget you can keep across the
World Cup action on our website, including analysis on that critical
match and Brazil's chances without Neymar. You can also join the
conversation on Twitter. A new statue of Mahatma Gandhi is to
be erected outside the The announcement was made in Delhi
by UK Government ministers leading Kasia Madera went to
Parliament Square to see Overlooked by the British Houses of
Parliament, Parliament Square has been the scene of many protests and
demonstrations, so it seems fitting this will be a home it a new stat
true of Gandhi, the father of the world's largest democracy, India --
statue. He will be in some esteemed company, Nelson Mandela, Lincoln,
many British Prime Ministers, including sir Winston Churchill.
It's claimed that Sir Winston wasn't a big Gandhi fan. Gandhi, of course,
led India's non-violent campaign of resistance against British rule and
he was assassinated shortly after India and Pakistan won independence.
The announcement of the statue was made on the site of his
assassination in Delhi. Gandhi is an inspiration to everyone
in the world. I think this statue will also be a monument to the
friendship between Britain and India. The sculptor, Philip Jackson,
has been approached to take on the project. It's hoped that it will be
paid for by sponsors and by public donations and so far reaction from
the public has been pretty positive. I am an Indian, it's a proud moment
for me. He is a great figure and a good idol for a number of people to
follow his ideals. Yeah, particularly the one about
non-violence in today's day and age, that's something that everybody
should look up to. I think that's wonderful. Gandhi was an advocate of
non-violent resistance and an effort to achieve social justice for all.
The aim is to finish the statue by next year to mark the 100th
anniversary when Gandhi left South Africa to go to India and start off
that historic non-violent campaign for independence.
attention, the clothes people wear will always be in the spotlight.
spotlight. So some reaction was inevitable when Scotland, which will
hosting the Commonwealth Games, unveiled its parade uniforms but
that reaction varied from refreshing to, frankly, embarrassing.
embarrassing. However, these are not the first sporting outfits to come
will also be seen at the opening ceremony in Glasgow have been
at the opening ceremony in Glasgow have been criticised as looking
Sochi were designed by Ralph Lauren, but do they look a bit like
Christmas jumpers? So what do you do? Do you just keep
England's 2005 football squad, including Ashley Cole and Jermaine
Do you just keep it simple and black?
Here's Giorgio Armani's official team uniform for England's 2005
football squad, including Ashley Cole and Jermaine Defoe.
The Team Scotland uniforms for the Commonwealth Games were created by
international textile designer Jilli Blackwood, explaining here why she
This is the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games. The Scottish
team will be coming out after 70 countries, is it, and they will be
larger than life, as well. Therefore, I just couldn't put the
Scottish team in something that's, you know, that just - that wouldn't
be bold enough. With me is Amber Graafland, fashion
director with the Daily Mirror newspaper. Your reaction to these
outfits? I said it in The Mirror today, I ever a little bit
embarrassed for them and I understand she was presented with a
brief and wanted to design outfits that were very bright and she wanted
them to be noticed, but I think they're going to be noticed for the
wrong reasons. People have already been laughing at them. What does it
say to you? I think it says 1970s, like a pattern you would pick up in
the back of a magazine and how you can make your own Scottish highland
fling outfit. It's not forward looking enough? Original? It looks
very dated, it's original but dated to me. I sometimes think if
something, if you have something like a tartan that's traditional and
that is beautiful, maybe sometimes you can play with it too much. I
don't think the colours work for me and they should have kept it
traditional. That's the difficulty, because the designer was given a
brief, tartan really had to come into it, the Commonwealth Games in
Glasgow. Absolutely but the colours don't work for me. It's the colours
against the material she's used for the spirit and the dress. It's just
not very contemporary. There's nothing fashion about it, nothing
sporty about it. It hasn't come together at all. Have you got any
examples where they have got it right? We showed a few examples, is
your taste more the all in black? We don't talk about successes, if you
like, it's human nature to remember the outfits that didn't work. You
pulled up some fantastic examples before. We do remember the bad ones
and maybe we don't necessarily remember the good ones. Keep it
simple. Especially now when sportswear is so fashionable and
it's all about sportswear, if you look at the high street, I would
have thought it would have been a challenge to get right. She might
have been dammed if she didn't and if she came up with something sober
the word boring would have popped up. No one is going to say that's
boring! It's colourful and dramatic. We know what you think about it, has
overall reaction been it tries too hard? It hasn't been positive
really. It's just too much going on there. Is it also something to do
with the fabric you are given to work with because these are athletes
striding out in the ceremonies? It would have been easy to do something
with a nod to sportswear that would have looked contemporary and good
and what's happened is trying to make something modern and colourful
and something to make a statement. She's made it look dated. Thank you
very much for coming in. We are going to show you pictures from
California that might rather give you the jitters. Spare a thought for
these thrill-seekers, they were stranded when the ride called The
Ninja struck a tree. One of the cars dislodged - this is making me feel
faint even reading it! They managed to free all passengers, four people
suffered minor injuries. Our main news: Israel's defence
Minister says it's going to stop Hamas one way or another by air or
by ground as the Government takes authority to call up 40,000 more
troops. The Israeli Ministry says it's shut down a rocket in the Tel
Aviv area and air raid sirens have been heard in the city. Israel has
launched air strikes on what it calls 150 terror sites in Gaza.
Once again, as was the case on Monday, Tuesday turned out to be a
wet day in some parts of the British Isle. The good news about Wednesday
is that there will be sunshine and