16/07/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today. A court in the Hague rules that - --


Dutch peacekeepers failed to protect 300 Muslim men and boys were killed


during the Bosnian war. Some families should


now get compensation. The funeral takes place


for four Palestinian children killed whilst playing on a beach - the


latest victims as Israel intensifies Also coming up,


the hidden scale of child abuse in the UK - a massive police operation


arrests 660 suspected paedophiles. Are we winning the fight


against AIDS? The number of deaths worldwide from


the disease is falling dramatically. It's been called the worst atrocity


in Europe since World War Two, and today a court in the Hague has


ruled that the Netherlands was partly responsible for the deaths


of more than 300 people killed in The court says Dutch peacekeepers


failed to protect men and boys who sought protection


at a United Nations base in 1995. Although more than 7,000 men


and boys were murdered in a few days, this ruling relates


to the 300 who had made it to the UN compound at Potocari, rather than


the thousands more who'd fled to The Dutch handed


the 300 over to General Mladic's Within just three days


the first reports emerged of Muslim Our World Affairs correspondent,


Mike Woolridge, has more on today's Relatives of the Bosnian Muslim men


and boys slaughtered at Srebrenica have waged a lengthy legal campaign


to have the Dutch government held responsible for the killings on


grounds that Dutch peacekeepers had failed to protect them from Serb


forces. The Mothers of Srebrenica, as they call themselves,


won a partial victory today with a ruling that the government could


be held liable in the deaths of 300 Their leader said said this could


leave them having to tell a mother that for one of their sons


there was Dutch responsibility but for another there was not


and so, she said, the battle for A few months before the end


of the Bosnian war, thousands of Muslims from surrounding villages


had gathered here at Srebrenica to The Muslim enclave was under


the protection of Dutch troops But then it was overrun


by paramilitary units under the comand of Ratko Mladic,


who is now on trial in the Hague Terrified civilians were removed


from the camp without the Dutch And the massacre of men


and boys that followed is considered Some experts say today's judgement


will mean countries thinking more carefully


about deploying peacekeeping troops That, of course, is unfortunate


because peacekeeping is a long-established tradition and it is


important there be a certain amount of protection for individuals


involved in that process. But I think countries do need to


be held accountable for public In the 19 years since the Srebrenica


massacre, further discoveries of the remains of those killed has


brought continuing grieving, and today a significant court ruling


for the relatives conjure. and today a significant court ruling


for the relatives to conjure. Alan Little covered the Bosnia war


for the BBC for three years and joins me now. From the outside it


was such a shock when these reports of massacres emerged, modern Europe,


massacre on this scale. You were there and saw the seeds are being


sown. Yes, indeed, and those of us who


were there pretty much knew this would happen if Srebrenica was


allowed to fall. Srebrenica was only different in scale from what had


been happening pretty consistently for three years beforehand. Was


started in 1992 and its signature was this grim euphemism, ethnic


cleansing. Trying to carve out an ethnically pure territory in Bosnia,


through mass murder. We knew that mass murder was a technique,


therefore it was highly predictable that something of this sort would


happen, though the scale of it - between 7000 and 8000 in a few days


- even to seasoned observers of that walk on it together one by surprise.


-- of that war, it took everyone by surprise. This only applies to 300


of those who were killed, how are they distinguishing between these


and the more than 6000 others? These 300 men had managed to get


into the Dutch compound at Potocari. They thought they were safe they are


with their families and the Dutch peacekeepers handed them over. They


made a decision to hand them over to Serb forces. The court found today


that at the time in which they were handed over, the killing had already


started. The court ruled the peacekeepers new or should have


known there was mass murderer already underway. That is what


distinguishes these 300 from the other 7500. What about the relatives


of those who do not come under the 300?


They are not satisfied at all with this and they want to take on their


campaign. One woman who has been an indefatigable campaigner for the


last two decades has said, how can you did in which between two


mothers, one of whose sons was on one side of wire and the other whose


son was on the other side? They are both dead in the same mass grave.


And there was a failure protection both sides?


Yes, the United Nations two years before it happened declared, the UN


Security Council in New York, Dix -- declared Srebrenica as a safe area.


They failed to render it safe. This is a statement not just to the Dutch


peacekeepers and the Dutch state, it is a continuing stain to the UN with


peacekeepers there with no peace to keep.


And the ongoing trial of VAT, la ditch and Milosevic. -- Ratko


Mladic. Yes, both of these men are accused


of genocide. Srebrenica features heavily in the indictment of both


men. The court has been heavily criticised of taking so long to


apprehend the men in the first place and once they were in custody to


bring them to justice. Both trials have been going on for years now and


there was no sign of them ending. I have sat in that courtroom watching


both of them and sat beside some of those mothers of Srebrenica. Their


pain is unimaginable, they follow this day by day and it consumes


their whole lives. The compensation the court will award 300 of those


families today is inconsequential to them in comparison with what they


see as a search for justice and recognition at last of what happened


to them, particularly how they were let down by the international


community. Thank you.


Four Palestinian children from the same family have been


killed by a rocket attack on a beach in Gaza City.


The Palestinians say it brings the death total to 213.


Israel says hundreds of rockets have been fired from Gaza.


This afternoon one Israeli civilian to die as a result of the


attacks and was buried by his family.


Israel has urged tens of thousands of people to leave their homes in


Gaza amid signs that it is preparing to step up its military campaign.


The children were playing on Gaza's beach


It struck with such force there was nowhere to hide.


As the survivors ran for cover, there was further shelling.


The injured - more children - were taken to a local hospital.


As family members arrived, the shattering news -


Their ages vary between ten and 12 years old.


Medical teams are still in the area looking to evacuate


the dead and wounded from the site that was completely destroyed.


Israel's military says it is investigating the deaths.


Earlier it had dropped leaflets across northern Gaza,


They carried what they could and headed for shelter in schools.


Israel has promised to intensify its military offensive.


Already, more than 200 Palestinians have been killed.


And today, for the first time in this conflict,


The family of Dror Hanin gathered with mourners to bury him.


He was killed last night by a mortar from Gaza, the first Israeli to die.


Dror Hanin died just hours after a cease-fire attempt here failed.


If it had succeeded, he may have lived.


So too may have the ten or so Palestinians who died overnight


But, nine days into this conflict, there is still no great appetite


And this evening Gaza was overwhelmed with grief.


Their pain was raw as the bodies of the dead children were carried


Yet more civilians killed in a conflict that shows no sign


Deaths from HIV-AIDS fell to 1.5 million last year.


That's 200,000 fewer than in 2012, according to a new report released


It's good news - the global effort to beat


But 35 million people are still living with HIV.


Dr Gitau Mburu is senior adviser on HIV and health systems at the


Welcome to World News Today. First, the positive side. A significant


drop in the number of deaths. Is this due to more people getting the


right drugs? It has been a combination of a


number of factors. One of them is that there has been significant


scientific development that has enabled more people to get diagnosed


earlier. There has also been a rapid expansion in HIV programmes in low


and middle income countries meaning that people who were initially


harder to reach our able to access treatment. Expansion of treatment


has played a significant factor in this reduction of numbers of deaths.


I think it is important also to highlight that when people get onto


treatment earlier, it means they are able to live much longer lives and


recent evidence also shows that when people get on treatment their life


expectancy is as close to those without HIV. We are extremely


excited about that at the Alliance. One of the figures that jump out at


me from this report is that of the 35 million people living with HIV


globally it says 19 million do not know their HIV-positive status.


The number of people who are living in ignorance is still alarming.


Yes, it is a remarkable figure and one that is actually alarming. As


you know, getting treatment can only start once you know your status. We


have continued to see that only 50% of people with HIV actually have an


idea that they have got it. Even though we have made tremendous


progress in terms of producing the deaths from HIV, we still know that


we have 50% of people living with HIV, which is actually about 19


million, to get to understand their HIV status. That is not only


important for their own good, because research has shown over and


over again that 61% of new infections in the US come from


people who do not know they have got HIV, so it is extremely essential


that people have ways of eating able to access HIV testing. -- of being


able. That is one of the areas where we have to put more resources, we


have to reach people who are marginalised or people who do not


have access to conventional health facilities. We have to be able to be


smart enough to reach them in their own communities.


Just briefly, if 19 million people do not know their HIV-positive


status, how do we know? Is this just statistics? How do we come to that


number? Very good question. One of the ways


in which people come to percentages is by doing scientific surveys. We


would come to a time and try and figure out how many people know they


have HIV status after weeks test them. -- after we test them. We ask


them, have you ever been tested before, do you have a partner that


is HIV-positive? A lot of it is based on small surveys that are then


extrapolated to group levels, but they are very scientific and we have


confidence that they are absolutely the right amount of people that do


not know their status. Dr Gitau Mburu in Brighton, Viking


for joining us. -- thank you for joining us. We have some breaking


news for you, a British man has been jailed for 12 and a half years by an


American court for running a website and distributing publications that


promoted violence and raised money for Al-Qaeda.


The 39 yield was extradited from the UK two years ago. Another man is due


to be sentenced tomorrow. Nick Bryant is at the court in


Connecticut where this sentence was handed down. Tell us more. The


sentence has been handed down in the past few minutes following a three


and a half hour ruling by the judge, during which he went into


great detail about the details of the case and the details of the


character, which is one of the reasons why she has decided to give


him character, which is one of the


reasons why she has decided a 12 and a half year sentence, rather than


the 25 year sentence the prosecutors were looking at.


Because he has served ten years already, Philip, fighting


extradition in Britain and for the past two years held in solitary


confinement in a super max prison here in America, it seems according


to his legal team that he will be out of prison, based on good


behaviour come in about seven or eight months. So, by next spring.


His good behaviour was a crucial element in the judge's thinking. She


said this was a very serious crime. He had pleaded guilty to providing


material support to the Caliban and also a charge of conspiracy. --


support to the Caliban. He had entered into this plea agreement and


she said the seriousness of the crime had to be weighed against his


good character. She spoke movingly of the testimonials she has received


from his friends, his supporters in Britain particularly, speaking of


his good character and the good deeds he has done in prison,


speaking of the care he has shown for people outside prison. He spoke


on his behalf during this sentencing procedure, so did his sister,


welling up at one point talking about how much she loved her brother


and what a great man he was, and the judge really took that into account


when she delivered this sentence. As I say, it was half of what the


prosecutors were looking for. He has been centred to 12 and a half years,


he has served ten of them already, on good behaviour he should be out


by next spring. Thank you.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has been sworn in for another


Mr Assad was declared the winner of an election held last month


but the opposition dismissed the vote as a sham.


In a speech he claimed western and Arab countries would pay


a heavy price for supporting opposition fighters


A court in Egypt has sentenced seven men to


life imprisonment and two others to 20 years for sexual assaults


Some took place during celebrations to mark the inauguration


There's been concern in Egypt that the authorities were


not doing enough to tackle widespread sexual harassment.


A court in Sweden has upheld an arrest warrant issued against


the Wikileaks founder Julian Assange on charges of sexual assault.


Mr Assange denies the allegations made against him by two female


He has lived in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London


for the past two years to avoid extradition to Sweden.


Here in Britain a six-month-long police operation has led to the


arrest of 660 suspected paedophiles, including doctors, teachers,


scout leaders, care workers, and former police officers, most of whom


The operation focused on people accessing indecent images


There are millions of images of child sexual abuse online.


Every digital device has a camera meaning paedophiles are


now making and trading obscene pictures more than ever before.


The National Crime Agency launched last October,


But preventing online child exploitation has become


I think what's been developing over the last couple of years really is


an increasing understanding of the scale of this issue.


So the ability for people to access material very easily via


the internet has changed the face of this type of criminality.


He had more than one million obscene images.


Another was a grandfather with access to 17 grandchildren.


There was also a foster carer looking after a vulnerable child.


This operation sends a clear message.


There is no hiding place for paedophiles on the web.


The National Crime Agency won't talk about its tactics.


But we do know officers had expert training from the


Los Angeles Police Department and I had exclusive access to their online


Backed up by high-tech forensic units and sophisticated software


which tracks, in real-time, people who are accessing abuse images.


So from what I can see here, just above Croydon,


there is a red dot that means there is an individual there who we know,


at this moment, is swapping images of child sexual abuse.


For experts based in the UK, the scale of Operation Notarise must


It is a crime that cuts across every strata of society so you


can't actually depict who is going to be looking at these images.


Police can't arrest their way out of this problem.


It's also for the internet industry and wider society to stem


the tide of obscene images and protect children from abuse.


When I say Guantanamo Bay, you probably think of the US


But there's also a US naval base there.


Neither are particularly welcome by Cuban citizens.


Many of whom believe there's no strategic


reason for a continued American military presence on their island.


From Guantanamo, Sarah Rainsford reports.


This is Guantanamo Bay from the Cuban side.


A sunbaked spot where life moves very slowly


The watchtowers mark the edge of the US naval base at Guantanamo.


The American military here inside Communist Cuba.


But there is resentment under the surface.


The Americans control the entrance to Guantanamo Bay, restricting Cuban


Alexander tells with the best catch are in the deeper


He says the men here are hoping, praying even,


But their base was part of the landscape here long


Both sides must agree if it's to be closed.


The US base is so close to this town that every morning locals here


on this side of the bay hear the American national anthem coming


Cuba calls the Americans' presence here an


illegal occupation and ever since the revolution, Fidel Castro has


refused to cash the rent cheque that the Americans pay for being here.


The base proved pretty lucrative for some, though.


This man is one of thousands of Cubans who worked for


The US stopped hiring after Cuba turned Communist but he


and many others carried on working at the base and today collects


When he started work in the 40s, Guantanamo's streets were full


The city's historian points out a former brothel,


and talks of the moral threat from the US base in the old days.


Later he argues it became a threat to national security.


After the revolution there were killings of fishermen, most of the


acts of aggression in this region at the US base in Guantanamo.


That's partly why the revolutionary spirit remains high here.


That and the extra food rations to keep locals loyal.


We are the first line of defence against imperialism,


The hope here is that such fighting talk can be consigned


But whilst President Obama talks of shutting


down the US detention centre in Guantanamo, he's never talked


of closing the naval base here or of returning this land to Cuba.


European leaders have gathered in Brussels for a special summit to


decide who should fill two top EU jobs - foreign policy chief


The talks follow Jean-Claude Juncker's confirmation as


the new president of the European Commission, a post he got in spite


EU leaders are also likely to discuss the crisis in Ukraine,


and the possibility of more sanctions against Moscow.


Let's find out more from the BBC's Europe correspondent


I know this is not a quick process, deciding these names but tell me why


it matters who gets these top jobs. Because it sets the tone for the way


Europe is run. If Barack Obama comes into town for example, the council


will meet him and as for the foreign policy job, it started more low-key.


National government guard this as their issue but the current


incumbent has made progress on things like the Iran nuclear talks


and the relation between Serbia and Kosovo. Tension is now turning to


who gets it next for the leading candidate is probably the Italian


Foreign Minister. He is relatively new in his job, less than six


months. Several countries in Eastern Europe believe he and the Italian


political establishment in general are to consider towards Russia when


it comes to the current crisis in the Ukraine. Angela Merkel has


warned there could be further sanctions, the feeling that Russia


is not doing enough over Ukraine. Yeah, there's been pressure building


on the EU over the last few days for the US, and the Ukraine itself to


say, you have been threatening further sanctions for awhile and


things are not getting better and it's time to take action. A draft


statement circulating suggests the EU might cut of Russian access to


several billion dollars worth of public loans for infrastructure and


develop and projects to Russia. There may well be other individuals


will be subject to things like these are bands and asset freezes, but


it's not a move to phase three of sanctions, those pressing for the


toughest line against Russia would like to see, against large sections


of the Russian economy. At the moment, in the EU, there are some


countries not prepared to go that far. Chris Morris, in Brussels,


thank you. The government in the Netherlands


has been found liable for the deaths of more than 300


of the thousands of Bosnian Muslims A court in the Hague decided that


Dutch peacekeepers should have known the men might be killed by


Bosnian Serbs when they sent them It's a story of soaring temperatures


and eventually thunderstorms as we We have high pressure across


the country with this complication of a weak weather front across


south-eastern areas so rather cloudy start to the day here with the odd


spot of rain, perhaps mist near the coast but that cloud will thin


and break and most


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