01/08/2014 World News Today


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Another humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza collapses, just hours


Israel and Hamas blame each other for breaking the truce,


Over 50 Palestinians have died in the past few hours.


An Israeli soldier is also believed to have been seized


His father has called for his return.


We are certainly army will not stop under any circumstances, or leave


any stone unturned and will bring him back safe and sound.


The World Heath Organisation warns of a potential catastrophe, as


West Africa's ebola outbreak spreads too quickly to be controlled.


The race to unlock thousands of genetic codes


and transform the treatment of rare diseases and cancers.


And a first hand look at life in the trenches, as we mark


the centenary of the start of the First World War, the pictures


and papers of one of the best known British war poets go on line.


It was meant to last three days, but the humanitarian ceasefire


in Gaza collapsed, just hours after it began,


It followed a heavy exchange of fire, in the southern city of Rafah,


where at least 53 Palestinians were killed and 200 wounded.


Two Israeli soldiers have been killed and one is


The last soldier seized by Palestinian militants in 2006, Gilad


Out correspondent Jon Donnison reports from Gaza City.


This morning, at last, some hope in Gaza. They were born on the eve


This morning, at last, some hope in supposed cease-fire, quadruplets. A


combined weight of seven kilos. supposed cease-fire, quadruplets. A


that she went through five years of failed IVF treatment and that at


last, in these difficult times, failed IVF treatment and that at


has some happy news. We hope failed IVF treatment and that at


we have to take a risk after this disaster in Gaza Strip. But what


kind of life awaits these children? One-day-old and born into this


world. This is what is left of this area on the boundary with Israel. It


has been pounded for more than three weeks. By mid-morning, as word of


the cease-fire was spreading, it sprang back into life. The UN said


more than a quarter of the population of Gaza has been


displaced. Food, water and power are in short supply. People are using


this brief lull in the fighting to return to their homes, and many are


finding them completely flattened. They are picking up what they can


and heading to seek shelter. All the while there is a stench of dead


bodies, still trapped under the rubble. But the cease-fire was over


almost as soon as it had started. More Israeli


almost as soon as it had started. Palestinian rockets. At


almost as soon as it had started. Palestinians were killed today and


many more wounded. And then from Rafah in the south of Gaza, the news


that would see this Rafah in the south of Gaza, the news


even further. An Israeli soldier suspected to have been captured


alive by Hamas fighters after crossing the border through a


tunnel. Israel said one fighter detonated a suicide belt as he


emerged from underground. Two soldiers were killed and a


23-year-old was dragged back into Gaza. TRANSLATION: We want to


support the army and the state of Israel in the fight against Hamas


and we are certain that the army will not stop and will not leave a


and we are certain that the army stone unturned in strip and will


bring him back home safe and sound. Hamas will see this as a dig resort.


It took more than five years to free the last soldier captured, Gilad


Shalit. Israel has said it will respond with crushing force. People


in Gaza are preparing for this tiny strip of land to be hammered.


STUDIO: The war of words and blame for who


is responsible for breaking the Earlier I spoke top the Israeli


government spokesman Mark Regev, ceasefire has intensified today. We


were not conducting any offensive operations whatsoever against Hamas


in Gaza. There was an unprovoked attack on the soldiers. Two of our


soldiers were killed and others injured and I am afraid one seems to


have been kidnapped. By breaking this cease-fire, they killed


Israelis, not only slammed the door shut on diplomatic solutions, but


they have unfortunately destroyed the chance for the people of Gaza


receiving the humanitarian help that they need. There was supposed to be


a three-day period of cease-fire, to allow the people of Gaza to get that


humanitarian support they needed. And this shows what Hamas thinks


about the people of Gaza and what their agenda is.


But Palestinian spokeman Husam Zomlot says the Israeli


action targets civilians and is not directed solely


This is not against Hamas. It is against the entire Palestinian


people. It did not start in Gaza. It started here. We have got no rockets


on the West Bank. Yet Israel kills every day. Including today! And


therefore we have two do today... He is engaged, Binyamin Netanyahu in


the liquidation of everything. Our children, are women, how electricity


and even powered humanity. We need to stop him from spreading venom, as


if we want our children to die. No, for 70 years we have been fighting


for life! The head of the


World Health Organisation has said the Ebola outbreak


in West Africa is moving faster than Margaret Chan was speaking in


Guinea, of the West African countries that


have been affected. The WHO has announced $100 million


initiative to tackle the outbreak, which has killed more than seven


hundred people in Guinea, Dr Oliver Johnson is in


Sierra Leone, where a public health He spoke to us from just outside


the Ebola Isolation unit Dr Oliver Johnson. And we are joined


now from Geneva. A $100 million programme but what will it be spent


on? We need extra doctors, nurses and experts in communications in


order to get the patients getting into the health facilities, many


people are not coming into health facilities at all and staying in


their communities. They need to change the transmission


arrangement. They are preparing neighbouring countries to be ready


to detect outbreaks and treat people in the country that are infected.


These are some of the key measures we are trying to address. This is a


$100 million programme support. And a big information campaign as well.


People are getting infected by preparing bodies for burial. This is


right. An information campaign is informing people that are preparing


the bodies of people that have passed away through this illness and


this is key. Some people might have family members at home that are


infected and they have to get to hospital. That makes it possible


otherwise for transmission to continue. The earlier they can get


to health facilities the better. The better chance we have got of


stopping the transmission of the outbreak. How big a threat is Ebola


internationally? Some people say that it is not that fatal compared


to other major illnesses and maybe you are overreacting. The


transmission of this disease is very difficult to come by. It is people


to people. Not airborne. To come into contact, you have to be


touching, in contact with probably the fluid of people infected. The


blood, the sweat, even the bile in some cases. It is hard to be


infected. But at the same time there is a lot of concern about this


virus. Because of everything associated with it, people are not


coming forward. It is causing a lot of concern. And people need to be


aware that this outbreak can be controlled. An intensified effort is


needed with the help start available in these countries to turn that


outbreak around, and more are needed. Thank you very much for


joining us on the programme. Now a look at some


of the days other news. Uganda's Constitutional Court has


overturned a controversial anti-homosexuality


act, which strengthened penalties The judge said the law was null


and void, as it had been passed in parliament


without the necessary quorum. The law was heavily criticised


by human rights groups. Several countries


including the United States cut aid A team of about 60 Dutch


and Australian forensic experts have started to search the crash


site of the downed Malaysian The remains of at least eighty


people are unaccounted for, The team has struggled to get access


to the site all week, due to security concerns over


fighting in the area. with the mass media regulator


and conform to Internet companies will also be


required to allow Russian More than 1,000 veterans are taking


part in events in Poland to mark the 70th


anniversary of the failed Warsaw Uprising against German occupation


during the Second World War. An estimated 180,000 civilians


and 18,000 Polish resistance Gas explosions in Taiwan have


injured almost Gas explosions in Taiwan have


60. It tore into a southern city in the early hours of the morning.


60. It tore into a southern city in from the explosions and it is


startling. It four of the streets. In this densely


startling. It four of the streets. neighbourhood, the area affected


covers one square, to. -- one square kilometre. Many vehicles were turned


upside down, including a fire engine responding to reports of a possible


gas leak. Five fire-fighters were among the people killed. The


explosions occurred just before midnight, sparking several fires.


explosions occurred just before Most of the people killed, or


injured were on the street and the time. Some came out because they


smelt a strong odour. Others were just passing through on their way


home. Many of the survivors were still in shock. The windows of homes


and businesses were completely shattered. This lady said the


explosion was so powerful it knocked her off her chair. This man said he


and others tried to clear the rubbish from the streets to make way


for the ambulances and fire trucks but he was told to leave because it


was not safe. Kaohsiung is now the centre of a's at a chemical


industry. The offer suspect the main cause of the last is a chemical leak


from one of the many pipelines belonging to petrochemical


companies. As excavators work to clear the streets, hazardous


materials specialists try to detect for unsafe levels of chemicals. Many


residents are worried. With many petrol companies' pipelines believed


to run under the city streets and some of them believed to be


decades-old, they fear more explosions could occur.


Here in the UK, a pioneering project which aims to revolutionise


The aim is to map 100,000 complete DNA codes in the hope


of better understanding and combating cancer and rare diseases.


The British Government wants the country to be a world leader


If you look at the whole population, one in 17 as a rare


disease which is little understood. For them and thousands more


diagnosed with cancer every year, the announcement could pave the way


for a much better understanding of their condition and how they might


be treated. A major new investment at the centre near Cambridge will


hold the key. Mapping one patient's genetic structure used to take


years, now at labs like this it is done in days and that will


revolutionise some areas of medicine. This is about a national


reservoir of data that will make this country and the NHS the leader


in designing the drugs or tomorrow. The genome is an individual's


personal genetic code, mapped from DNA samples taken from blood or


tissue, using the genome and comparing it with other members of


their family may indicate whether a condition is hereditary. For


patients of cancer, healthy and tumour cells can be compared.


Long-term, that could help doctors decide which new drugs might work


best. The process has provided peace of mind to this woman, who has a


serious condition affecting her blood pressure. After tests, she now


knows her daughters have not inherited it. For me, it was a, and


for my family, to know whether I might pass it on to my children. My


girls are 19 and 21. They were keen to know that I carried the gene for


it. There is clearly great excitement in the scientific


community about the work going on here. But patients will want to be


assured that the personal genetic data is stored securely and is not


potentially available for outside martial interests. Where will the


data go? Will the patients have to trust those decisions or well they


know? Will be no dead data is being used to cure this type of cancer and


that type of hereditary disease? Project chiefs said the data will be


made only two accredited medical researchers and not insurance


companies, but they have been urged to make clear to patients who will


see the data and what it will be used for.


The diaries of one of Britain's most famous war poets, Siegfried Sassoon,


provide an intimate insight into life in the trenches


Now for the first time, thousands of his personal papers, some still


bearing mud from the Somme, have been digitised and put online


The project has been launched to coincide with the 100th anniversary


John Mills is in as expert on the works of Sassoon


and catalogued the archive when the university bought it in 2009.


I was looking through today, it is just stunning. You feel so close to


Sassoon and the moments when he was writing all this down. That's right,


the virtue of a digitised project is that it gives us images of the pages


themselves. So we are not reading a printed version, we're looking at


high-definition photographs. You can zoom in on them. Sassoon was writing


in very small journals, which he had to keep his writing in. Sometimes,


he would write in pencil and then rub out and go over it in ink. With


these images, you can examine the writing even more closely. What did


you learn, that was new about Siegfried Sassoon? From handling the


original documents, you learn that they show how he combined his roles


as soldier and poet, because he was a creative artist, first and


foremost a writer, he had been writing before the war, and his


life's work was to turn his experience into words. But he was


also in charge of men in battle. So he had to combine those roles and


with the journals, you get extra of different types of writing. You have


one page a diary entry, you turn the page and you have the first draft of


the poem perhaps dealing with the same experience as the diary. The


about. Turn the page again and you get a list of his troops. Although


he used his diaries from both ends, and you cannot be sure that there is


a sequential in time between one page or another, the variety of


material shows you how he experienced the war as it was coming


past him. I was interested to see that the first draft of one of his


most famous poems and what he chose to take out of that before it was


published. It is a fascinating one, from a volume that was given to


him, he was using it to write fair copies of his poems. He would write


it out in his best handwriting in that book. With that page, you see


four mines which he has scored through heavily and put in the


margin, cut this out. It makes the poem more effective because


margin, cut this out. It makes the two lines of the published version,


you are too young to fall asleep forever, it is a powerful. The lines


he has cut out are really rather poetically ineffective


he has cut out are really rather excising them, he has come


he has cut out are really rather better piece of work. Although


sometimes when we talk about Sassoon taking things out of his poems, we


think taking things out of his poems, we


censorship, but in fact like any other creative artist, he


censorship, but in fact like any to make as good a piece of work as


he can. I would recommend it to anyone who is interested in


and the death toll continues to mount.


For more, we can now cross to Lord Levy,


America could end this now, why isn't it?


America could end this now, why entrenched. Israel's anxiety has


been deepened, a soldier being kidnapped, more rockets, more


tunnels they had discovered, that they really didn't know where they


are. -- that they didn't know about. And the people are


traumatised. Europol... If I may, please. A Palestinian people who are


also traumatised, and where there is just death, families being wiped


out, children, women, the whole situation is such today, that with


the cease-fire being in operation for such a short period of time,


somehow, the flames have to be calmed down. This situation has to


be stopped. And the patrons of both sides need to come in and help to


calm the situation down. Are you appalled by the civilian


casualties? I cannot hear you, I am sorry. Are you appalled by the


civilian version of these? If you were acting for Tony Blair, would


you be putting pressure on the Israeli authorities not to use such


blunt force in such heavily populated areas? OK. I am appalled


by war. I am appalled by rockets being fired. I am appalled by


tunnels being built in order that they can in full trait and kill


people. -- infiltrate. I am appalled by hatred, by the want to destroy


and kill other people. I am also appalled by the death of the -- on


the Palestinian side, young children not given the opportunity of life.


Families being wiped out. This is also horrendous. I am appalled by


the hatred and the vitriol and the desire, somehow, that death can be


just so easy. Why is Hamas so hell-bent on destruction of Israel?


Why does Israel have to go in and do what it is doing? It is because both


sides need to find a way forward, out of this chaos. Israel has to


have security, and its people feel that they are not good to have


neighbours around them who want their destruction is --


destruction, and the Palestinian people absolutely must believe that


they have a way forward and their result for them. One more question,


if I may. Where is the man who appointed you, Tony Blair, is he in


the region? Is he trying to broker some sort of cease-fire? I spoke to


Tony on Thursday and I spoke to him in Jerusalem. But let me just say


this, I was his envoy for nine years. What he does, he does. And I


hope he does it well. What I do, I do, and I hope I do that well. So,


it is not for me to decide what Tony Blair now does or does not do. He


does not spend a great deal of time in the region with all those other


interests, does he? I do not keep his diary, nor do I have any idea of


where he spends his time. Thank you very much for joining us.


That is our main story. The cease-fire which was brokered


between Hamas and Israel which was meant to last three days broke up in


just five hours. This is Beit Hanoun on the border, completely


devastated. More from us in a moment.


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