01/08/2014 World News Today


01/08/2014

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Another humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza collapses, just hours

:00:00.:00:09.

Israel and Hamas blame each other for breaking the truce,

:00:10.:00:18.

Over 50 Palestinians have died in the past few hours.

:00:19.:00:26.

An Israeli soldier is also believed to have been seized

:00:27.:00:29.

His father has called for his return.

:00:30.:00:37.

We are certainly army will not stop under any circumstances, or leave

:00:38.:00:44.

any stone unturned and will bring him back safe and sound.

:00:45.:00:48.

The World Heath Organisation warns of a potential catastrophe, as

:00:49.:00:50.

West Africa's ebola outbreak spreads too quickly to be controlled.

:00:51.:00:53.

The race to unlock thousands of genetic codes

:00:54.:00:56.

and transform the treatment of rare diseases and cancers.

:00:57.:00:59.

And a first hand look at life in the trenches, as we mark

:01:00.:01:02.

the centenary of the start of the First World War, the pictures

:01:03.:01:05.

and papers of one of the best known British war poets go on line.

:01:06.:01:21.

It was meant to last three days, but the humanitarian ceasefire

:01:22.:01:27.

in Gaza collapsed, just hours after it began,

:01:28.:01:29.

It followed a heavy exchange of fire, in the southern city of Rafah,

:01:30.:01:36.

where at least 53 Palestinians were killed and 200 wounded.

:01:37.:01:41.

Two Israeli soldiers have been killed and one is

:01:42.:01:43.

The last soldier seized by Palestinian militants in 2006, Gilad

:01:44.:01:50.

Out correspondent Jon Donnison reports from Gaza City.

:01:51.:02:02.

This morning, at last, some hope in Gaza. They were born on the eve

:02:03.:02:18.

This morning, at last, some hope in supposed cease-fire, quadruplets. A

:02:19.:02:18.

combined weight of seven kilos. supposed cease-fire, quadruplets. A

:02:19.:02:27.

that she went through five years of failed IVF treatment and that at

:02:28.:02:30.

last, in these difficult times, failed IVF treatment and that at

:02:31.:02:34.

has some happy news. We hope failed IVF treatment and that at

:02:35.:02:48.

we have to take a risk after this disaster in Gaza Strip. But what

:02:49.:02:55.

kind of life awaits these children? One-day-old and born into this

:02:56.:03:04.

world. This is what is left of this area on the boundary with Israel. It

:03:05.:03:07.

has been pounded for more than three weeks. By mid-morning, as word of

:03:08.:03:14.

the cease-fire was spreading, it sprang back into life. The UN said

:03:15.:03:19.

more than a quarter of the population of Gaza has been

:03:20.:03:24.

displaced. Food, water and power are in short supply. People are using

:03:25.:03:31.

this brief lull in the fighting to return to their homes, and many are

:03:32.:03:36.

finding them completely flattened. They are picking up what they can

:03:37.:03:40.

and heading to seek shelter. All the while there is a stench of dead

:03:41.:03:44.

bodies, still trapped under the rubble. But the cease-fire was over

:03:45.:03:55.

almost as soon as it had started. More Israeli

:03:56.:04:00.

almost as soon as it had started. Palestinian rockets. At

:04:01.:04:02.

almost as soon as it had started. Palestinians were killed today and

:04:03.:04:06.

many more wounded. And then from Rafah in the south of Gaza, the news

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that would see this Rafah in the south of Gaza, the news

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even further. An Israeli soldier suspected to have been captured

:04:13.:04:17.

alive by Hamas fighters after crossing the border through a

:04:18.:04:22.

tunnel. Israel said one fighter detonated a suicide belt as he

:04:23.:04:26.

emerged from underground. Two soldiers were killed and a

:04:27.:04:29.

23-year-old was dragged back into Gaza. TRANSLATION: We want to

:04:30.:04:38.

support the army and the state of Israel in the fight against Hamas

:04:39.:04:41.

and we are certain that the army will not stop and will not leave a

:04:42.:04:45.

and we are certain that the army stone unturned in strip and will

:04:46.:04:49.

bring him back home safe and sound. Hamas will see this as a dig resort.

:04:50.:04:54.

It took more than five years to free the last soldier captured, Gilad

:04:55.:05:00.

Shalit. Israel has said it will respond with crushing force. People

:05:01.:05:05.

in Gaza are preparing for this tiny strip of land to be hammered.

:05:06.:05:09.

STUDIO: The war of words and blame for who

:05:10.:05:15.

is responsible for breaking the Earlier I spoke top the Israeli

:05:16.:05:18.

government spokesman Mark Regev, ceasefire has intensified today. We

:05:19.:05:29.

were not conducting any offensive operations whatsoever against Hamas

:05:30.:05:32.

in Gaza. There was an unprovoked attack on the soldiers. Two of our

:05:33.:05:37.

soldiers were killed and others injured and I am afraid one seems to

:05:38.:05:42.

have been kidnapped. By breaking this cease-fire, they killed

:05:43.:05:45.

Israelis, not only slammed the door shut on diplomatic solutions, but

:05:46.:05:50.

they have unfortunately destroyed the chance for the people of Gaza

:05:51.:05:53.

receiving the humanitarian help that they need. There was supposed to be

:05:54.:06:00.

a three-day period of cease-fire, to allow the people of Gaza to get that

:06:01.:06:05.

humanitarian support they needed. And this shows what Hamas thinks

:06:06.:06:09.

about the people of Gaza and what their agenda is.

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But Palestinian spokeman Husam Zomlot says the Israeli

:06:12.:06:13.

action targets civilians and is not directed solely

:06:14.:06:15.

This is not against Hamas. It is against the entire Palestinian

:06:16.:06:26.

people. It did not start in Gaza. It started here. We have got no rockets

:06:27.:06:33.

on the West Bank. Yet Israel kills every day. Including today! And

:06:34.:06:43.

therefore we have two do today... He is engaged, Binyamin Netanyahu in

:06:44.:06:50.

the liquidation of everything. Our children, are women, how electricity

:06:51.:06:55.

and even powered humanity. We need to stop him from spreading venom, as

:06:56.:07:03.

if we want our children to die. No, for 70 years we have been fighting

:07:04.:07:05.

for life! The head of the

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World Health Organisation has said the Ebola outbreak

:07:14.:07:15.

in West Africa is moving faster than Margaret Chan was speaking in

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Guinea, of the West African countries that

:07:18.:07:20.

have been affected. The WHO has announced $100 million

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initiative to tackle the outbreak, which has killed more than seven

:07:24.:07:26.

hundred people in Guinea, Dr Oliver Johnson is in

:07:27.:07:28.

Sierra Leone, where a public health He spoke to us from just outside

:07:29.:07:32.

the Ebola Isolation unit Dr Oliver Johnson. And we are joined

:07:33.:08:51.

now from Geneva. A $100 million programme but what will it be spent

:08:52.:08:56.

on? We need extra doctors, nurses and experts in communications in

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order to get the patients getting into the health facilities, many

:09:02.:09:07.

people are not coming into health facilities at all and staying in

:09:08.:09:11.

their communities. They need to change the transmission

:09:12.:09:15.

arrangement. They are preparing neighbouring countries to be ready

:09:16.:09:20.

to detect outbreaks and treat people in the country that are infected.

:09:21.:09:26.

These are some of the key measures we are trying to address. This is a

:09:27.:09:33.

$100 million programme support. And a big information campaign as well.

:09:34.:09:38.

People are getting infected by preparing bodies for burial. This is

:09:39.:09:44.

right. An information campaign is informing people that are preparing

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the bodies of people that have passed away through this illness and

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this is key. Some people might have family members at home that are

:09:59.:10:01.

infected and they have to get to hospital. That makes it possible

:10:02.:10:09.

otherwise for transmission to continue. The earlier they can get

:10:10.:10:14.

to health facilities the better. The better chance we have got of

:10:15.:10:17.

stopping the transmission of the outbreak. How big a threat is Ebola

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internationally? Some people say that it is not that fatal compared

:10:24.:10:30.

to other major illnesses and maybe you are overreacting. The

:10:31.:10:36.

transmission of this disease is very difficult to come by. It is people

:10:37.:10:42.

to people. Not airborne. To come into contact, you have to be

:10:43.:10:48.

touching, in contact with probably the fluid of people infected. The

:10:49.:10:55.

blood, the sweat, even the bile in some cases. It is hard to be

:10:56.:11:03.

infected. But at the same time there is a lot of concern about this

:11:04.:11:08.

virus. Because of everything associated with it, people are not

:11:09.:11:12.

coming forward. It is causing a lot of concern. And people need to be

:11:13.:11:18.

aware that this outbreak can be controlled. An intensified effort is

:11:19.:11:21.

needed with the help start available in these countries to turn that

:11:22.:11:25.

outbreak around, and more are needed. Thank you very much for

:11:26.:11:29.

joining us on the programme. Now a look at some

:11:30.:11:35.

of the days other news. Uganda's Constitutional Court has

:11:36.:11:37.

overturned a controversial anti-homosexuality

:11:38.:11:38.

act, which strengthened penalties The judge said the law was null

:11:39.:11:40.

and void, as it had been passed in parliament

:11:41.:11:43.

without the necessary quorum. The law was heavily criticised

:11:44.:11:46.

by human rights groups. Several countries

:11:47.:11:48.

including the United States cut aid A team of about 60 Dutch

:11:49.:11:50.

and Australian forensic experts have started to search the crash

:11:51.:12:05.

site of the downed Malaysian The remains of at least eighty

:12:06.:12:07.

people are unaccounted for, The team has struggled to get access

:12:08.:12:11.

to the site all week, due to security concerns over

:12:12.:12:15.

fighting in the area. with the mass media regulator

:12:16.:12:25.

and conform to Internet companies will also be

:12:26.:12:30.

required to allow Russian More than 1,000 veterans are taking

:12:31.:12:40.

part in events in Poland to mark the 70th

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anniversary of the failed Warsaw Uprising against German occupation

:12:50.:12:51.

during the Second World War. An estimated 180,000 civilians

:12:52.:12:53.

and 18,000 Polish resistance Gas explosions in Taiwan have

:12:54.:12:55.

injured almost Gas explosions in Taiwan have

:12:56.:13:18.

60. It tore into a southern city in the early hours of the morning.

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60. It tore into a southern city in from the explosions and it is

:13:31.:13:33.

startling. It four of the streets. In this densely

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startling. It four of the streets. neighbourhood, the area affected

:13:36.:13:42.

covers one square, to. -- one square kilometre. Many vehicles were turned

:13:43.:13:49.

upside down, including a fire engine responding to reports of a possible

:13:50.:13:54.

gas leak. Five fire-fighters were among the people killed. The

:13:55.:13:58.

explosions occurred just before midnight, sparking several fires.

:13:59.:14:04.

explosions occurred just before Most of the people killed, or

:14:05.:14:06.

injured were on the street and the time. Some came out because they

:14:07.:14:10.

smelt a strong odour. Others were just passing through on their way

:14:11.:14:16.

home. Many of the survivors were still in shock. The windows of homes

:14:17.:14:20.

and businesses were completely shattered. This lady said the

:14:21.:14:28.

explosion was so powerful it knocked her off her chair. This man said he

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and others tried to clear the rubbish from the streets to make way

:14:36.:14:39.

for the ambulances and fire trucks but he was told to leave because it

:14:40.:14:50.

was not safe. Kaohsiung is now the centre of a's at a chemical

:14:51.:14:55.

industry. The offer suspect the main cause of the last is a chemical leak

:14:56.:14:59.

from one of the many pipelines belonging to petrochemical

:15:00.:15:04.

companies. As excavators work to clear the streets, hazardous

:15:05.:15:08.

materials specialists try to detect for unsafe levels of chemicals. Many

:15:09.:15:15.

residents are worried. With many petrol companies' pipelines believed

:15:16.:15:18.

to run under the city streets and some of them believed to be

:15:19.:15:21.

decades-old, they fear more explosions could occur.

:15:22.:15:29.

Here in the UK, a pioneering project which aims to revolutionise

:15:30.:15:32.

The aim is to map 100,000 complete DNA codes in the hope

:15:33.:15:36.

of better understanding and combating cancer and rare diseases.

:15:37.:15:38.

The British Government wants the country to be a world leader

:15:39.:15:41.

If you look at the whole population, one in 17 as a rare

:15:42.:15:55.

disease which is little understood. For them and thousands more

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diagnosed with cancer every year, the announcement could pave the way

:15:59.:16:02.

for a much better understanding of their condition and how they might

:16:03.:16:08.

be treated. A major new investment at the centre near Cambridge will

:16:09.:16:15.

hold the key. Mapping one patient's genetic structure used to take

:16:16.:16:20.

years, now at labs like this it is done in days and that will

:16:21.:16:22.

revolutionise some areas of medicine. This is about a national

:16:23.:16:27.

reservoir of data that will make this country and the NHS the leader

:16:28.:16:34.

in designing the drugs or tomorrow. The genome is an individual's

:16:35.:16:39.

personal genetic code, mapped from DNA samples taken from blood or

:16:40.:16:44.

tissue, using the genome and comparing it with other members of

:16:45.:16:47.

their family may indicate whether a condition is hereditary. For

:16:48.:16:50.

patients of cancer, healthy and tumour cells can be compared.

:16:51.:16:54.

Long-term, that could help doctors decide which new drugs might work

:16:55.:17:00.

best. The process has provided peace of mind to this woman, who has a

:17:01.:17:05.

serious condition affecting her blood pressure. After tests, she now

:17:06.:17:09.

knows her daughters have not inherited it. For me, it was a, and

:17:10.:17:16.

for my family, to know whether I might pass it on to my children. My

:17:17.:17:23.

girls are 19 and 21. They were keen to know that I carried the gene for

:17:24.:17:31.

it. There is clearly great excitement in the scientific

:17:32.:17:33.

community about the work going on here. But patients will want to be

:17:34.:17:38.

assured that the personal genetic data is stored securely and is not

:17:39.:17:42.

potentially available for outside martial interests. Where will the

:17:43.:17:51.

data go? Will the patients have to trust those decisions or well they

:17:52.:17:54.

know? Will be no dead data is being used to cure this type of cancer and

:17:55.:18:00.

that type of hereditary disease? Project chiefs said the data will be

:18:01.:18:05.

made only two accredited medical researchers and not insurance

:18:06.:18:08.

companies, but they have been urged to make clear to patients who will

:18:09.:18:11.

see the data and what it will be used for.

:18:12.:18:13.

The diaries of one of Britain's most famous war poets, Siegfried Sassoon,

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provide an intimate insight into life in the trenches

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Now for the first time, thousands of his personal papers, some still

:18:19.:18:24.

bearing mud from the Somme, have been digitised and put online

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The project has been launched to coincide with the 100th anniversary

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John Mills is in as expert on the works of Sassoon

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and catalogued the archive when the university bought it in 2009.

:18:42.:18:48.

I was looking through today, it is just stunning. You feel so close to

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Sassoon and the moments when he was writing all this down. That's right,

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the virtue of a digitised project is that it gives us images of the pages

:19:03.:19:07.

themselves. So we are not reading a printed version, we're looking at

:19:08.:19:13.

high-definition photographs. You can zoom in on them. Sassoon was writing

:19:14.:19:17.

in very small journals, which he had to keep his writing in. Sometimes,

:19:18.:19:23.

he would write in pencil and then rub out and go over it in ink. With

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these images, you can examine the writing even more closely. What did

:19:30.:19:38.

you learn, that was new about Siegfried Sassoon? From handling the

:19:39.:19:48.

original documents, you learn that they show how he combined his roles

:19:49.:19:53.

as soldier and poet, because he was a creative artist, first and

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foremost a writer, he had been writing before the war, and his

:19:58.:20:02.

life's work was to turn his experience into words. But he was

:20:03.:20:07.

also in charge of men in battle. So he had to combine those roles and

:20:08.:20:13.

with the journals, you get extra of different types of writing. You have

:20:14.:20:18.

one page a diary entry, you turn the page and you have the first draft of

:20:19.:20:21.

the poem perhaps dealing with the same experience as the diary. The

:20:22.:20:26.

about. Turn the page again and you get a list of his troops. Although

:20:27.:20:31.

he used his diaries from both ends, and you cannot be sure that there is

:20:32.:20:37.

a sequential in time between one page or another, the variety of

:20:38.:20:42.

material shows you how he experienced the war as it was coming

:20:43.:20:47.

past him. I was interested to see that the first draft of one of his

:20:48.:20:53.

most famous poems and what he chose to take out of that before it was

:20:54.:20:58.

published. It is a fascinating one, from a volume that was given to

:20:59.:21:05.

him, he was using it to write fair copies of his poems. He would write

:21:06.:21:09.

it out in his best handwriting in that book. With that page, you see

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four mines which he has scored through heavily and put in the

:21:16.:21:19.

margin, cut this out. It makes the poem more effective because

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margin, cut this out. It makes the two lines of the published version,

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you are too young to fall asleep forever, it is a powerful. The lines

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he has cut out are really rather poetically ineffective

:21:36.:21:37.

he has cut out are really rather excising them, he has come

:21:38.:21:39.

he has cut out are really rather better piece of work. Although

:21:40.:21:42.

sometimes when we talk about Sassoon taking things out of his poems, we

:21:43.:21:43.

think taking things out of his poems, we

:21:44.:21:49.

censorship, but in fact like any other creative artist, he

:21:50.:21:51.

censorship, but in fact like any to make as good a piece of work as

:21:52.:21:55.

he can. I would recommend it to anyone who is interested in

:21:56.:22:03.

and the death toll continues to mount.

:22:04.:22:10.

For more, we can now cross to Lord Levy,

:22:11.:22:14.

America could end this now, why isn't it?

:22:15.:22:39.

America could end this now, why entrenched. Israel's anxiety has

:22:40.:22:45.

been deepened, a soldier being kidnapped, more rockets, more

:22:46.:22:51.

tunnels they had discovered, that they really didn't know where they

:22:52.:22:58.

are. -- that they didn't know about. And the people are

:22:59.:23:04.

traumatised. Europol... If I may, please. A Palestinian people who are

:23:05.:23:14.

also traumatised, and where there is just death, families being wiped

:23:15.:23:19.

out, children, women, the whole situation is such today, that with

:23:20.:23:26.

the cease-fire being in operation for such a short period of time,

:23:27.:23:32.

somehow, the flames have to be calmed down. This situation has to

:23:33.:23:38.

be stopped. And the patrons of both sides need to come in and help to

:23:39.:23:46.

calm the situation down. Are you appalled by the civilian

:23:47.:23:52.

casualties? I cannot hear you, I am sorry. Are you appalled by the

:23:53.:23:57.

civilian version of these? If you were acting for Tony Blair, would

:23:58.:24:01.

you be putting pressure on the Israeli authorities not to use such

:24:02.:24:06.

blunt force in such heavily populated areas? OK. I am appalled

:24:07.:24:15.

by war. I am appalled by rockets being fired. I am appalled by

:24:16.:24:19.

tunnels being built in order that they can in full trait and kill

:24:20.:24:24.

people. -- infiltrate. I am appalled by hatred, by the want to destroy

:24:25.:24:32.

and kill other people. I am also appalled by the death of the -- on

:24:33.:24:39.

the Palestinian side, young children not given the opportunity of life.

:24:40.:24:45.

Families being wiped out. This is also horrendous. I am appalled by

:24:46.:24:51.

the hatred and the vitriol and the desire, somehow, that death can be

:24:52.:25:00.

just so easy. Why is Hamas so hell-bent on destruction of Israel?

:25:01.:25:05.

Why does Israel have to go in and do what it is doing? It is because both

:25:06.:25:13.

sides need to find a way forward, out of this chaos. Israel has to

:25:14.:25:18.

have security, and its people feel that they are not good to have

:25:19.:25:23.

neighbours around them who want their destruction is --

:25:24.:25:29.

destruction, and the Palestinian people absolutely must believe that

:25:30.:25:32.

they have a way forward and their result for them. One more question,

:25:33.:25:39.

if I may. Where is the man who appointed you, Tony Blair, is he in

:25:40.:25:44.

the region? Is he trying to broker some sort of cease-fire? I spoke to

:25:45.:25:51.

Tony on Thursday and I spoke to him in Jerusalem. But let me just say

:25:52.:25:56.

this, I was his envoy for nine years. What he does, he does. And I

:25:57.:26:03.

hope he does it well. What I do, I do, and I hope I do that well. So,

:26:04.:26:09.

it is not for me to decide what Tony Blair now does or does not do. He

:26:10.:26:14.

does not spend a great deal of time in the region with all those other

:26:15.:26:19.

interests, does he? I do not keep his diary, nor do I have any idea of

:26:20.:26:24.

where he spends his time. Thank you very much for joining us.

:26:25.:26:32.

That is our main story. The cease-fire which was brokered

:26:33.:26:35.

between Hamas and Israel which was meant to last three days broke up in

:26:36.:26:41.

just five hours. This is Beit Hanoun on the border, completely

:26:42.:26:49.

devastated. More from us in a moment.

:26:50.:26:51.

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