31/07/2014 World News Today


31/07/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alice Baxter.

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Israel warns it'll continue to destroy tunnels built by Palestinian

:00:07.:00:10.

militants, with or without any possible cease-fire.

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Despite growing international condemnation,

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Israel says its military offensive will last for another few days.

:00:21.:00:25.

In Gaza, the UN says residents are facing a precipice,

:00:26.:00:33.

with a quarter of the population displaced from their homes.

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Before the conflict started, 17,000 people were being housed by the UN.

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Today it is 220,000. The organisation say that it is

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overwhelmed and reaching breaking point.

:00:54.:00:57.

After days of frustration, investigators finally reach

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the crash site of MH17 in eastern Ukraine.

:00:59.:01:00.

From the darkest corners of the internet to your doorstep - how

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dealers are using the web to push illegal drugs around the world.

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The United States has said civilian casualties in Gaza are too high,

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and urged Israel to do more to protect life during its offensive

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The Pentagon urged Israel to live up to its own high standards,

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while the White House said the shelling of a UN school on

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The Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, has said the military

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will continue to destroy tunnels used by Palestinian militants with

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The Gaza conflict began 24 days ago and is now the longest war in Gaza

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Israeli Defence Forces say they are just days away from destroying all

:01:56.:02:01.

of the 32 tunnels that they have identified as being built by Hamas.

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59,000 army reservists have now been mobilised.

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Earlier, Israel called up an additional 16 thousand to replace

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Our World Affairs Correspondent Orla Guerin has been speaking exclusively

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to an Israeli air force pilot who's been bombing Gaza.

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This is footage Israel is keen to share, an air strike in Gaza being

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aborted because children have been spotted. But the UN say that most of

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those killed by Israel are innocent civilians.

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Today we met one of the air force pilots who flies over Gaza every

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day, identifying targets. We cannot show his face. The aircraft used for

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these missions have cameras mounted underneath and fly at up to 85,000

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feet. Gaza is a very densely populated

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area. He shows us in a simulator his birds

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eye view of the Touraine. It is a very crowded and many people

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have no way to escape. You are attacking hospitals where people are

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being treated. At the moment, we are doing

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everything possible to ensure that the security and safety of both our

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civilians and as much as possible the Palestinians civilians. We have

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offered medical aid and field hospital.

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Would it not be better if you stopped bombing the civilians?

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Israel has always chosen a diplomatic situation.

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Some people might ask how you sleep at night.

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I sleep very well at night, because I know that what we are doing is

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saving lives, the way I see it. Israeli lives? I know how many

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attacks I have already called off. Numerous attacks. I know as a fact

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that I have saved hundreds of -- dozens of lives.

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But the lives lost in Gaza are according to international pressure

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on Israel. Today, the Minister said that the offensive will continue.

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TRANSLATION: We have neutralised dozens of tunnels and we will

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continue the mission with or without a cease-fire. I will not accept any

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proposal that will not allow the IDF to complete this task for the safety

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of Israel. Near the Gaza border, soldiers rest

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and regroup. An extra 16,000 reservists have been caught up. This

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teacher has two sons fighting in Gaza and is going to join them.

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This is our life. Nobody chooses it, we have to do it. It will be the end

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of the story very soon. The army says that it will finish

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destroying the attack tunnels within days, but a senior Israeli official

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has told the BBC that there is no stopwatch for this operation. The

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international community is pleading for a cease-fire, Israel is not

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ruling out a much broader offensive if a Hamas attacks don't stop.

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The choice ahead now for Israel is withdrawal or hit much harder.

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At a meeting today, the UN warned that the population of Gaza is

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facing a precipice and called upon the international community

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A UN official in the region said his staff just couldn't cope.

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So far, 1400 Palestinians have died in the conflict.

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And 58 Israelis, all but two of them soldiers The UN estimates

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that 425,000 Palestinians have been displaced by the fighting.

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Our international correspondent Ian Pannell reports now

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on the plight of some of those who have left their homes.

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A rescue mission to a small town on the southern fringes of Gaza. A

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front line between Israelis and militants. Every time the Red Cross

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has tried to get in, they have been shot at. But this week, both sides

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agreed to a brief cease-fire. We are just here to escort some

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ambulances from the Palestinian society into, and rescue some

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wounded people in this town and they have been isolated due to the

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fighting drink the last few days. What is the situation that?

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We do not know. It is on the border and it is very tense.

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The Israelis refuse to let us in, but the team was given the all

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clear. This town has been cut off by Israel and, many have died and the

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few who could not escape are trapped.

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The truce was brief. Unable to stay any longer, the Red Cross pulled

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out. They recovered a handful of bodies and three elderly residents

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hiding in the town. This woman is 95 years old. Her

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family did not know that she was alive until two hours ago. They had

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fled the fighting, but she was too old to run away at night, says she

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spent five days living with a neighbour.

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This 84-year-old man, barely able to stand, he also could not escape.

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I cannot describe my feelings. It is horrible. We were living in fear for

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five days. We could not contact them for five days, he barely can walk

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alone. He can barely make food for himself. It was a nightmare.

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We found that woman again today -- the man again today, lying on the

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floor of the classroom that he shares with many others.

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TRANSLATION: Don't me that life here is better. I want to go home. I was

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born in that town, God willing, I will died there.

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He was meant to stay in hospital longer, but they did not have the

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space due to so many weird people. Before the conflict, there were

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17,000 people being -- so many wounded people. Before the conflict,

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there were 17,000 people being housed by the UN, now there are many

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more thousands. In this school alone, there are more than five

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dozen people living and taking shelter here.

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-- 500 people. The UN says that few places are safe

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any more. Does is beginning to feel near breaking point. Gaza is

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beginning to feel. For more on the unfolding

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humanitarian crisis in Gaz,a I'm She's the spokesperson

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for the International Committee You were in Gaza last week. Tell me

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what you saw. A group of seven colleagues from the

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International Red Cross, we went into Gaza 12 days ago. The moment

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that we went inside the street, there was heavy fighting taking

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place. Being able to be in Gaza before, I was quite surprised,

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because there was nobody industries, no people walking and there was a

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lot of fighting, so then every day, the situation is happening. There is

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a high intensity of combat taking place. Now it has a direct impact on

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the civilian population. The combat is taking place in the north-east of

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the Gaza Strip, as well as in the city of Gaza. The consequences of

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this is that 350,000 people today are displaced. They were forced to

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leave their houses to try and find a safe place in Gaza. If there is a

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safe place. There are 7000 people who are wounded, and over a thousand

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who have lost their lives. On the other hand, the infrastructure of

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Gaza is going into a critical time now, because the power plant was

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severely damaged a couple of days ago, so it was providing 30% of the

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electricity in the Gaza Strip. The rest of the electricity was coming

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from Israel or Egypt, depending on the alleged combines, where most of

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the time they have been damaged or broken. -- of electrical lines. The

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International Red Cross, we are working with the Palestinian

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Authority 's. The more fighting that is taking place, we are finding that

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our job is trying to do our best to evacuate the wounded to take them to

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the hospital. That is one of the main activities. The other one is to

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repair the infrastructure. The problem is that if we repair and

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political line, as we did before, we managed to provide electricity for

:12:05.:12:07.

800,000 Palestinians, the following day, though, the lines were damaged.

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So it is very difficult to work under these circumstances. The

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intensity of the combat is affecting the population directly.

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This lack of electricity and power and water, as I understand, how was

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that directly impacting on your attempts to treat people and to get

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appropriate medical equipment into where you need to, such as

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ambulances? The whole situation is the

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infrastructure is not working. It makes the work of Palestinian

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doctors and hospitals and any international humanitarian

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organisation who are trying to provide, the work is getting more

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and more difficult because of the situation. On the other hand, we

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also need to talk about the psychological impact of this

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conflict on the lives of thousands of Palestinians. The number of

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children who unfortunately have lost their lives. Everyone is working

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around the clock. Doctors and nurses. The ambulance drivers.

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Everyone is offended by this conflict. So we are requesting --

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everyone is affected by this conflict. We are questing that the

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Palestinians be able to take the wounded and the ill people to the

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hospitals. We are finding that the different forces, that we have seven

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ambulances, we need to go to a number of areas because we receive

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so many phone calls. We want to go to the neighbourhood to take the

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people out and taken to the hospital. Sometimes this task is a

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huge challenge for the Palestine Society, because the fighting is

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taking place. We need an agreement, we cannot risk the lives of our

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people when they are trying to get the wounded out of those districts

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where we know that the fighting is very intense.

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We will have to leave it there. Thank you for sharing your memories

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of having worked in Gaza. The spokesperson for the Red Cross.

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Thank you. In eastern Ukraine, international

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investigators have reached Fighting between government

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and rebel forces had prevented them The investigators are from Australia

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and the Netherlands. All 298 people on board died in

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the plane crash earlier this month. 193 of them were Dutch,

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27 of them were Australian. Dutch policeman Pieter Jaap

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Aalbersberg is the head of the Flight 17 Recovery Mission and

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explained what the team did today. The The experts have started the

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search and today they have not seen anything. Once we get entry will

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will -- we will try to search amongst the remains and personal

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belongings. It is a positive development, but a

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word of caution about how much we can read into it, because it is a

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small mission, a reconnaissance mission today. Checking out the

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site, some of the wreckage, possibly some of the human remains that are

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still in that area of the countryside. But the real work can

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only begin when the larger teams of Dutch and Australian police who are

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several hours's drive from the main conflict zone, that is when the main

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work will begin. First of all, to collect any human remains, victims

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on board the flight and their belongings, only once they have done

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that will be then investigate the wreckage in that large area of the

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country in eastern Ukraine. Despite this positive step, as you call it,

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what is the situation regarding the fighting in and around the crash

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site and done yet? -- and Donetsk? They can only begin, when the

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fighting dies down, possibly when the Ukrainian army takes control of

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that site, but we believe that neither the Ukrainian army or the

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rebels have control of that area of countryside completely. Donetsk is

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the regional capital, it is held by pro-Russian rebels, it is being

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shelled by the Ukrainian army, civilians inside the city have died

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in the last few days. The fighting has intensified inside that city.

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The Ukrainian army seems to have control of that territory around

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those two cities, but of course taking either of those two cities

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would be a lot harder and, of course, it will probably come at a

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much higher human cost for any civilian population left ear, if and

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when that happens. Now a look at some

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of the days other news. The World Health Organisation is

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launching a $100 million plan to combat the deadly Ebola outbreak

:17:49.:17:51.

in West Africa. The WHO Director General will meet

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Presidents of affected West African nations in Guinea on Friday to

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outline a coordinated response. 729 people have already been

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killed by the Ebola outbreak. Liberia and Sierra Leone have

:17:59.:18:03.

announced broad emergency measures The European Court of Human Rights

:18:04.:18:06.

has ruled that Russia must pay shareholders

:18:07.:18:19.

in the former oil company Yukos It follows a similar court ruling

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in The Hague that claimed Russian officials had manipulated the legal

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system to bankrupt the company and jail its boss, the Kremlin

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critic Mikhail Khodorkovsky. Moscow has condemned the ruling

:18:29.:18:31.

as politically motivated. Rescue workers in western India are

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still trying to find survivors trapped under mud and debris after a

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landslide destroyed a village. At least 30 people have been killed and

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up to 200 were buried in Malin, near Like the iceberg,

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most of the internet is out There are ways of using it,

:18:54.:19:01.

and indeed many people do. And some use it to

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sell illegal drugs. The BBC has learned that the amount

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of illegal drugs listed for sale on the dark net appears to have more

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than doubled in less than a year. Vacuum packed with a first-class

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stamp, delivery guaranteed. Sam gets his cannabis through the post. He

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used to buy it from a dealer on the street, now he simply logs onto the

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so-called dark net and peas with untraceable bitcoins. His words are

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spoken by an actor. I bought cannabis around every two or three

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weeks from a street vendor, it was fairly terrifying. Practicality?

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They do not even have to leave my house, I can click a button and it

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will come the next day. Safety reasons, I do not have to reveal me

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identity at all. No one will know who I am. I feel safe using it.

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After months of negotiation we persuaded a dark net drug dealer in

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California to talk to us but he would only do it anonymously and

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using encrypted e-mail. He said... The FBI calls it the most

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sophisticated market on the Internet. Last year the FBI closed

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down the best-known drugs market on the Internet. Its founder was

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arrested. But that has not stopped its trade. The and buyers use

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special browsers and encrypted software. They are anonymous and

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hard to trace. Which, for the authorities in the US, makes this

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the front line. A sorting office in California, handling over 1 million

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letters and parcels a month, each one x-rayed and inspected.

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How often are you discovering illegal drugs? Daily. We find

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something less it everyday. What they find here shows that it is a

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truly global problem. We know that there is a trade in illegal drugs

:21:38.:21:44.

from the USA to the UK, but Customs officials here say that it also

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calls on the other direction. This they seized in the post, it is

:21:49.:21:55.

synthetic methamphetamine and synthetic cannabis, packaged up and

:21:56.:22:00.

sent by the Royal Mail. The crime agency says that it works closely

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with the Royal Mail. They think that they might be doing online shopping,

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they are wrong. They are committing crimes, they are working with

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illegal drugs, they are fuelling the illegal drug trade. It may take some

:22:20.:22:26.

time, they may be difficult to get at, but that does not mean that they

:22:27.:22:30.

are out of our reach. But it does seem like more people like Sam will

:22:31.:22:35.

continue to buy the drugs hidden in the dark net.

:22:36.:22:38.

Now to some extraordinary images from Brazil.

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A group of previously undiscovered indigenous people from the Amazon

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has come face to face with a settled community of villagers for the first

:22:43.:22:45.

time in the Brazilian state of Acre, according to authorities.

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Experts believe the tribesmen may have left the safety of their tribe

:22:49.:22:51.

owing to threats posed by illegal loggers or drug traffickers.

:22:52.:22:54.

This is the moment it is believed an isolated tribe from the Amazon made

:22:55.:23:13.

its first contact with the outside world. The meeting happened a month

:23:14.:23:20.

ago. But the video was only released this week by the Brazilian

:23:21.:23:22.

government. Seven indigenous young men made contact with the settled

:23:23.:23:29.

community in this state of area Mack, near the border with police.

:23:30.:23:44.

-- near the state of Acre. The men were filmed and warned not to take

:23:45.:23:47.

anything for fear that they might fall ill. But they still took tools

:23:48.:23:53.

and clothes. The group was already carrying objects. It is believed to

:23:54.:24:00.

be had taken them from other villages. They retreated into the

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forest and returned the next day. Coughing and sneezing, they had to

:24:06.:24:12.

be treated for a cold. By choice, and contacted indigenous groups

:24:13.:24:16.

don't normally reach out to people outside their trades, that is why

:24:17.:24:19.

experts say that these men could possibly be looking for help. Some

:24:20.:24:24.

speculate that team-mate have crossed -- that they might have

:24:25.:24:29.

crossed the border from Peru under pressure from drug dealers or other

:24:30.:24:31.

groups. Paris is not known for its wildlife,

:24:32.:24:34.

but it very soon could be - The gardens of the Louvre Museum

:24:35.:24:37.

have become infested by rats. And this real-life Ratatouille story

:24:38.:24:41.

is less than a hit Elegant and scenic, what is not to

:24:42.:24:55.

like about picture perfect Paris? This year's hot weather has brought

:24:56.:25:00.

tourists and Parisien 's eight India droves -- Rizzi ins. -- tourist and

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Parisiens out in the droves. TRANSLATION: There are a lot of

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people who come here for a picnic and they leave leftovers. I think it

:25:19.:25:23.

attracts them. I do not normally see rats. Real rats are not very good.

:25:24.:25:33.

No, they are not, and that is why they exterminate us have been

:25:34.:25:35.

brought in, but the task is proving difficult. There are lots of places

:25:36.:25:40.

to duck and dive and the rats have been getting a helping hand from

:25:41.:25:45.

some animal lovers. They have been digging up the poison and even

:25:46.:25:50.

feeding them water. Some believe that it is the Ratatouille effect,

:25:51.:25:57.

the story about the rat who wins over Paris with his food. But this

:25:58.:26:11.

is another matter. They are no MS! Re-manger of --

:26:12.:26:23.

recap of the main news. The Pentagon has said that the

:26:24.:26:28.

conflict in Gaza has been killing and wounding to many civilians. The

:26:29.:26:35.

White House said that Israel's shelling of the United Nations

:26:36.:26:41.

school sheltering Palestinian civilians was totally indefensible

:26:42.:26:44.

and an acceptable. Next, the weather, but from me and

:26:45.:26:47.

the rest of the team, goodbye. Hello. There will be some thundery

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showers rumbling around this evening and then it turns a little bit

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quieter. One night, followed by another day of sunny spells and

:27:07.:27:11.

showers, but cloud will gather towards the West. We

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