30/07/2014 World News Today


30/07/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Babita Sharma.

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At least 30 Palestinians are killed and hundreds more injured

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after shells hit a UN school and a market place in Gaza.

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A terrified child, one of thousands of refugees who had been sheltering

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The UN have called it an attack of universal shame.

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Another tiny victim of the Ebola virus as three West African

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countries battle to overcome a massive outbreak

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I was there with him just before he died.

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At times, I would just go outside and cry.

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Bankers in Britain feel the pressure.

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New rules could force them to repay some bonuses and even land them

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And could computers turn us all into backseat drivers?

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We'll take a look at a more hands off approach to life

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Now this car is being tested in a very controlled environment

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but, from next year, more advanced vehicles with lots

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of sensors on-board will be allowed out on the open road.

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Yet again more deaths on the streets of Gaza and today.

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At least 15 people have been killed and 160 people have been injured

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after an explosion at a busy market, according to Palestinian officials.

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And the United Nations has accused Israel of launching a deadly attack

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Thousands of Palestinians had been seeking shelter from the fighting

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The shelling began at dawn killing at least 15 people.

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Both the US and the UN have condemned the shelling

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of the school, but the Israeli military has denied targeting it

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saying militants had fired on its soldiers from within the vicinity.

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The number of Palestinians killed in Gaza is now said to have reached

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1,300 since the fighting began three weeks ago.

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Our International Correspondent, Ian Pannell,

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sent this report from Jabaliya, where the UN school was shelled.

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You may find some of the details and images in his report disturbing.

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The terror of the conflict in Gaza stamped on the face

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Gosam Barakat was sleeping when the shells landed.

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She had been sheltering in a UN school.

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The casualties have just come into one

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We believe about 70 people have been injured.

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At the moment, the precise figure isn't known.

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The debate will begin immediately about who is responsible for this.

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Overwhelming a hospital already struggling to cope.

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The youngest and most vulnerable, shattered and shocked.

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She and her friend Sarma were in one of the classrooms when it was hit.

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We were sleeping when the airstrike happened, she says.

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The hospital grounds overflowed with bereaved families.

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Every day in Gaza seems to look like this.

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The UN says Israel attacked the school.

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Two very precise holes were punched through the walls of two classrooms.

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Amid the dust and rubble, some signs that families had been living here.

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There was a mortar fire fired by Palestinian terrorists

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We responded to fire in that vicinity.

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We are currently, reviewing the innocent incident itself.

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Those who live here are simply shattered and shocked.

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But on days like this, it feels like nowhere is.

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We escaped to search for security here but we did not

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have security because of the Israeli occupation, the terrorism.

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And each incident has its own tragic story.

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Last week, we reported on a baby girl delivered

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graves, they buried her next to the mother she'd never known.

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One more death on the day marked with violence.

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Dr Mustafa Barghouti, member of the Palestinian Legislative Council,

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Thank you very much for being with us. I understand you have been in

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touch with Hamas and met with Palestinian president. Tell us what

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has been said. All of us without exception want to achieve an

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immediate, and as soon as possible, a cease-fire. All Palestinians are

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unified in that because we want the bloodshed to stop. It has become

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clear to everybody now that Israel's decisions is to kill as

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many Palestinian civilians as possible. Their whole strategy is

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based on trying to aggravate Palestinians against each other. And

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each time this is tried, they kill more civilians. As you have

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reported, 1320 Palestinians have been killed. 90% civilians, children

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and women. About 7000 300 people have been injured. Today, they

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committed two huge massacres in a market while they were claiming they

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were declaring a cease-fire, and another one in a school, the second

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school. The six school attacked by the Israeli army. Each time, they

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are exposed, they said I investigate in the matter. This is so horrible.

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Anyone who remains silent about these massacres taking place today

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will be considered complicit with these crimes. One decision we have

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made will be fulfilled within the coming few hours is to go to the

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international committee court to sign the Rome Statute and have

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Israel responsible in front of the world for the are committing against

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the Palestinian people. Nobody should allow... You say that you've

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had conversations with Hamas and the Palestinian president and you agree

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there is a need for a cease-fire. How realistic do you believe a

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cease-fire can be reached with the Israelis given the fact that the

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ones which have been imposed before have faltered after just days? In

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the first two weeks of this aggression, unfortunately, people

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now are discovering the truth. The first fact it was Israel who started

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this war and not the Palestinians. Secondly... How do you believe the

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agreement can be reached? I am coming to that. The second thing is

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this is not Hamas. The Palestinians accept to have a cease-fire and

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Israel refused. Just now, 30 minutes ago, it was declared that Benjamin

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Netanyahu decided to expand the Israeli military operation in Gaza.

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In my opinion, the people will realise his aim is to occupy Gaza

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completely causing horrible, horrible human damage and creating

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the worst human material in crisis ever in this region and may be

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worldwide. He must be stopped for speed cannot be allowed to

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continue. Forgive me, the question was specifically about how you will

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conversations with Hamas can reach a cease-fire agreement? How do you

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move forward to bring an end to the violence, the counterattack and the

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attack on both sides of this conflict? When can you reach an

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agreement? As soon as the world pressures Israel enough to stop this

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attack. We can reach it through Egypt in negotiations that could be

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held in Cairo and Palestinians are ready to send a delegation there,

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including Hamas and every body else. Or through an immediate decision by

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the Security Council to say Israel must stop the aggression and stop

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the siege on Gaza, an act of aggression which has been going on

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for eight years. In the framework of trying to agree a cease-fire, will

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Hamas to understanding stop its activity in launching rockets and

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missiles to Israel? Of course. Hamas is not shooting rockets to kill

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people. It is our understanding, from reports we had today on the

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ground there where a number of Palestinian rockets and missiles

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fired to Israel during a partial cease-fire today? If you allow me to

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respond, please, and not interrupt me, I will explain. So far, during

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this war, which is completely asymmetrical, the Israelis have lost

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56 people, as you said. Two civilians. 54 were soldiers. Israeli

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soldiers killed inside Gaza while they were invading and affecting

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people. On the Palestinian side, civilians are killed. That means

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Hamas has proven its not aiming at killing Israeli civilians. It is

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fighting the Israeli soldiers while the Israeli soldiers are bombarding

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air strikes, bombarding us with artillery, with tank fire. And

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killing people. This army which claims to be working at the

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pinpoint, with sophisticated equipment is now killing civilians.

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It's clear their decision as to kill as many civilians as possible hoping

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that Palestinians will turn against each other, which is impossible

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because every Palestinian today has a problem with Israel after all

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these killings. The elimination of 30 families. We have to leave it

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there but the Israeli counterargument what you've just

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said is they are protecting the rights of the Israelis against

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attack, but, for now, thank you for your time. We have to be it there,

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I'm afraid. The Ebola outbreak in West Africa

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continues to spread. Medical charities are now warning it

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will likely last until the end In the latest development, Liberia

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has announced it will close all schools across the country as part

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of a new anti-Ebola action plan. Several West African airlines have

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now stopped flying to Liberia and Sierra Leone amid concerns

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about the spread of the disease. The virus has claimed hundreds

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of lives across the region, so what are the symptoms and how

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many people have died so far? The virus causes internal bleeding

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and organ failure It is spread person to person

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through direct contact. Its symptoms include bleeding,

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diarrhoea and vomiting. The first reported cases of Ebola

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were in Guinea in March, with many of the initial infections

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reported in the town of Gueckedou 427 cases have lead to at least 310

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deaths across the country. The virus has also spread to Liberia

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where it has killed And it has spread to Sierra Leone

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where more than 220 people have And now, Nigeria has confirmed

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a death from the deadly virus. Our Global Health Correspondent

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Tulip Mazumdar has been to the affected area of Gueckadou

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in South East Guinea. The latest and one

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of the youngest victims of Ebola. Wrapped in layers

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of plastic bags is the tiny body His family are too scared to attend

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his burial, so he is carefully laid Adele looked after baby Faya

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in his final moments. I was there with him just

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before he died. I stepped away just

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for a short break but then I was At times,

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I would just go outside and cry. The virus is extremely contagious so

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they seal themselves in suits where Samples from sick patients are sent

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to this makeshift diagnostics lab. British scientists are

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among those testing for Ebola. It's spread

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in a very specific manner. Mainly by close contact with patient

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fluids, bloods and, in the end stages, particularly with bodily

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secretions, saliva and sweat. And having that in your head while

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you're dealing with these samples In remote villages, devastated

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by Ebola, the fear is palpable. And that fear is helping spread

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the virus. Some people think medics are

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actually bringing Ebola here. Others simply don't believe

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the virus exists. A few days ago,

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health workers couldn't even get into this village, but they have

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made a breakthrough here today. People are bringing out

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their sick relatives, and they are agreeing to be checked

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over for symptoms of Ebola. There is no cure for this virus

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but it's not When I was sick, it was very, very

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difficult for me to eat, to wake up. Another Ebola survivor has come

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to see his little sister. Initial tests

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for Marion have come back negative. Their mother also has the virus

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and may not survive. She, like many others, is infected,

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isolated He's the Director for

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Health Protection with Thank you for joining us. Great

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alarm seeing those figures in the report. Are we right to be alarmed

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thinking about this disease spreading to the UK or Europe? Of

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course we are concerned about the outbreak in the three main countries

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concerned in West Africa. So we are doing two things within Public

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Health England, working across colleagues -- working with

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colleagues in Government. We are doing all we can to support the

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response in Africa. It is important to get the outbreak is controlled as

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possible and end up with that concluding and there being no

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further cases. The risk that we assessed the UK does remain low. So

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we do not expect to have cases of Ebola virus in the UK or Europe. But

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it is not impossible and we're making sure that all for

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identifying, what we have got in place, people who may have symptoms

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of an unknown infection, we must get those tests in place but the

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assessment of risk is low in the UK. There has never been an outbreak of

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the disease in Europe? That is correct. There has never been a case

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from an outbreak in Africa imported into the UK or Europe. That is a

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very important fact to bear in mind. Even if we saw a case in the UK, we

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would be... We're going not expecting an outbreak. If we see

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anything, it will be with someone who comes back to the UK with the

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virus and we treat that in the UK. Let's talk about that. You read the

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headlines surrounding the disease and that it is not curable, a quick

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death, sometimes within 24 hours, what other symptoms and what happens

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in it? Incubation, the time from point of infection to getting

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symptoms can be from two days up to three weeks. So there is a

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significant length of time with which people might be harbouring the

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disease. What symptoms? Initially, fever, malaise, headache, generally

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feeling unwell. It is in the later stages of the disease that people

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get diarrhoea and formatting and bleeding, which can in so many cases

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cause the death of the individual. It is not until the stages where the

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disease is infectious and transmitted, mostly by direct

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contact with the bodily fluids of someone in the severe stages of the

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disease or after the death. That is why with infection control

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arrangements in place in the UK, even if we do get a case coming in

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from Africa, we would be unlikely to see the spread of that. But we are

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giving the advice that if you have been to one of those three

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countries, Ciera Le?n, Guinea Liberia, and particularly in one of

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the areas where the outbreak is ongoing, and you have retirement and

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have any of those symptoms of fever within three weeks of coming back,

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seek medical advice quickly and the doctor must you see will trigger the

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right assessment. -- Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia.

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Now a look at some of the days other news.

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Rescue workers are digging through piles of mud and rubble to try

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and reach survivors of a landslide in western India.

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Officials say 17 bodies have been recovered so far, but more than

:20:26.:20:28.

A suicide bomber has killed at least six people at a university in

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The blast happened as a large crowd of students gathered to check

:20:33.:20:37.

It's the fifth attack in Kano since Sunday.

:20:38.:20:43.

The last surviving member of the US air crew that dropped

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an atomic bomb on Hiroshima has died in Georgia, aged 93.

:20:46.:20:48.

Theodore Van Kirk, also known as Dutch,

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was 24 when he became the navigator of the Enola Gay - the aircraft that

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It killed an estimated 140,000 people.

:20:55.:21:02.

The Bank of England has announced some of the toughest restrictions on

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Bankers will be forced to return their bonuses - up to seven years

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after they were awarded - if found guilty of misconduct.

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The measures follow the financial crisis of 2008

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Our economics correspondent Simon Jack has the details.

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For successful bankers, big bonus cheques have come to be expected.

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But after the financial crisis, a string of scandals and public anger,

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from January next year, future cheques may end up going back.

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So let's say it has been a great year,

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I cannot spend it yet, but within three or five years, I can spend

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But under the new rules, up to seven years after my bonus, I might have

:21:46.:21:51.

Barclays set aside another ?900 million today compensate people

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mis-sold payment protection insurance, a timely reminder

:21:59.:22:01.

that misconduct can take many years to uncover and why these

:22:02.:22:05.

We now have the toughest regime in banking pay

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Bankers are paid less here than they are compared to New York,

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Ultimately, this could have an impact on the competitiveness

:22:16.:22:19.

of London as a financial centre and the jobs and tax paid here.

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There are also proposals which could see bankers jailed.

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One former investment banker, who now writes about the City,

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This is a really very bold package of measures.

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First of all, it raises the spectre of criminal sanction.

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Secondly, it hits bankers in their pockets.

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Thirdly, it defines everyone's rules very clearly so that regulators know

:22:44.:22:49.

I suppose one other point to make is that

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if bankers really do run offshore, as they are threatening to do

:22:55.:22:56.

in the event of these rules coming in, it is a terrible indictment

:22:57.:23:00.

Recklessness, interest rate rigging, money laundering, mis-selling.

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These scandals have cost the City its reputation,

:23:05.:23:06.

and taxpayers and shareholders hundreds of billions of pounds.

:23:07.:23:08.

It is hoped these tough new rules will change the culture

:23:09.:23:14.

of the people working right here in the heart of banking.

:23:15.:23:20.

Imagine every single banker taking a lawyer, bringing him to court.

:23:21.:23:23.

I mean, you would have to think through the methodology

:23:24.:23:27.

They want to go back seven years, right?

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Yearly would definitely be the way forward,

:23:30.:23:36.

They?re not accountable for the way they behave and you

:23:37.:23:50.

So, yeah, I would support that move, for sure.

:23:51.:23:53.

The bonus party might not quite be over, but some

:23:54.:23:56.

of the champagne may have to go back on ice for a little while longer.

:23:57.:24:03.

They could be the answer to road rage - driverless

:24:04.:24:05.

cars, which could be on our roads from as early as next year.

:24:06.:24:08.

Up to now, concerns about legal and insurance issues have stopped

:24:09.:24:11.

their arrival, and motoring organisations continue to say that

:24:12.:24:14.

British drivers will be wary of letting a computer take control.

:24:15.:24:24.

Rory Cellan-Jones has been along for a driverless ride.

:24:25.:24:27.

On a motor industry test track, a car is being put through

:24:28.:24:30.

its paces, but the driver has taken his hands off the wheel

:24:31.:24:33.

A sophisticated GPS system is guiding the car around the track.

:24:34.:24:40.

This is one of a number of driverless car experiments

:24:41.:24:42.

And now the Government wants to see the

:24:43.:24:46.

Now this car is being tested in a very controlled environment.

:24:47.:24:52.

But from next year, more advanced vehicles with lots

:24:53.:24:55.

of sensors on-board will be allowed out onto the road.

:24:56.:25:00.

And then we will see how the Great British public reacts to

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The Government's original plan was to allow driverless cars

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Now there will be a review of road regulations and a competition,

:25:07.:25:14.

with towns bidding to be pilot areas for the new technology.

:25:15.:25:19.

Car technology continues to evolve, but how do drivers visiting this

:25:20.:25:44.

motor museum view the prospect of vehicles

:25:45.:25:47.

Things can go wrong with computers, and when they do, you're going to

:25:48.:25:53.

Do not like the idea of it, to be honest.

:25:54.:25:56.

I feel a bit more safe if I am actually controlling what I

:25:57.:25:59.

I would love to have a driverless car.

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I do a lot of travelling for work and the thought

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of getting into a car and it taking me to work is just the best.

:26:06.:26:09.

This research is looking at how groups of self-driving cars

:26:10.:26:15.

But the Government hopes today's moves will help Britain become

:26:16.:26:19.

Just time to bring you these pictures from Eastbourne

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in southern England, where a fire has broken out.

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As we speak, fire crews are battling to save it.

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It began this afternoon in an amusement arcade and spread to

:26:42.:26:43.

the pier, which is a two-storey structure that dates from 1870.

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Stay with us, you're watching World News Today.

:26:51.:26:58.

Today's weather has been a tale of halves across the UK, with the North

:26:59.:27:05.

seeing most of the showers. They might looks for many is if it will

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be dry and fine but there will be

:27:09.:27:09.

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