29/07/2014 World News Today


29/07/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

It's been one of the bloodiest days so far of the conflict over Gaza.

:00:00.:00:09.

The bombardment continues, and Gaza's only power station is

:00:10.:00:13.

hit, as Israel says it's stepping up the pressure on Hamas.

:00:14.:00:16.

As the EU announces the toughest sanctions yet on Russia

:00:17.:00:26.

And what it calls terrorist targets. This is Hamas

:00:27.:00:29.

infrastructure. As the EU announces

:00:30.:00:30.

the toughest sanctions yet on Russia over Ukraine, we'll bring you

:00:31.:00:33.

reaction from Moscow. A war crimes investigator says some

:00:34.:00:35.

former members of the Kosovo Liberation Army should face

:00:36.:00:37.

charges of crimes against humanity. Too much unhealthy food, too much

:00:38.:00:43.

drinking, and too nationalistic - youngsters around the world give

:00:44.:00:47.

their views on Britain. But it's not all bad - find out

:00:48.:00:50.

what they did like a little later. More than 100 Palestinians are said

:00:51.:01:06.

to have been killed in Israeli air strikes on Gaza,

:01:07.:01:12.

after one of the bloodiest days Israeli airstrikes have targeted

:01:13.:01:15.

sites associated with Hamas, Among the dead, are members

:01:16.:01:20.

of the UN Relief and Works agency. Since the current conflict began,

:01:21.:01:27.

1,156 Palestinians have been killed. 55 Israelis have been killed,

:01:28.:01:32.

most of them soldiers. Israel's Prime Minister has warned

:01:33.:01:36.

that the conflict will continue as This report from our correspondent

:01:37.:01:40.

Ian Pannell, who is in Gaza. Gaza trembled with the few real last

:01:41.:02:04.

night. Dash-macro Furia of war. Israel warned it would act

:02:05.:02:05.

aggressively. It did. People were forced from their homes.

:02:06.:02:17.

Out into a city with few safe places to hide. Israel wants to weaken

:02:18.:02:28.

Hamas anyway it can. This includes hitting Gaza's only power station.

:02:29.:02:34.

Adding to the misery of those who live here.

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Through the night, and into the day. Across large parts of the Gaza

:02:40.:02:50.

Strip, the bombing is relentless. It is still early in the morning in

:02:51.:02:55.

Gaza, and there were a large number of attacks overnight, and as you

:02:56.:02:58.

just heard, the attacks are continuing throughout the day.

:02:59.:03:03.

Israel says it is hitting a number of what it calls terrorist targets,

:03:04.:03:10.

Hamas infrastructure. Those are things that belong to the militants,

:03:11.:03:14.

but as we have seen, civilians are increasingly being caught in the

:03:15.:03:19.

crossfire. The front line edges ever closer. As

:03:20.:03:23.

whole neighbourhood is empty. Today, one more family fled. Tens of

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thousands of people have already been forced from their homes.

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Others have been buried beneath. Neighbours and family scramble to

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rescue the injured and the dead. More than 100 people were killed

:03:51.:03:54.

last night. People have suffered, and they have grieved. So far, it

:03:55.:03:59.

has brought them nothing. Not even funerals here are sacred.

:04:00.:04:07.

Nor are mosques. Israel says they have been used to hide weapons. But

:04:08.:04:17.

if this is supposed to weaken people's resolved, it does not. We

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have been blockaded for the last seven years. We have been deprived

:04:23.:04:26.

of all this for the last seven years. Don't talk to me about

:04:27.:04:30.

rockets that are so tiny, small. Look at this! Look at this.

:04:31.:04:38.

Entire areas of Gaza are being eviscerated. Both sides are under

:04:39.:04:46.

pressure to talk. Rumours swirl of possible deals. And all the while,

:04:47.:04:50.

the conflict grows. 500 more people sought shelter at

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this school last night. It already houses thousands. One of them was

:05:01.:05:13.

born at 5am today. Ibrahim. His new home is a classroom that he

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and his mother share with 80 others. TRANSLATION: After eight years

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waiting for him to come, we are now living here in a school. The more

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they lose, the more they are determined it should be for a

:05:40.:05:39.

reason. Our correspondent Jon Donnison

:05:40.:05:44.

is in Jerusalem. I want to ask you about public

:05:45.:05:54.

opinion on both sides. First, what people in Israel are saying as they

:05:55.:06:01.

also watch these pictures. Look, I think the government here has

:06:02.:06:04.

overwhelming support. If anything, there is pressure for them not to

:06:05.:06:08.

stop. When you look at the opinion polls, I think it is around 80%

:06:09.:06:14.

supporting the government operation in Gaza. There is a rally taking

:06:15.:06:19.

place in Israel's biggest city, Tel Aviv, this evening, which is urging

:06:20.:06:25.

the military to finish the job, as they put it. It is going to be

:06:26.:06:28.

interesting to see what the turnout is. We had a peace rally at the

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weekend in Tel Aviv, and that just attracted a few thousand. I suspect

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we could end up with a view more tonight.

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And what about the people of Gaza? Because so many essentials of their

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life are now being dismembered, whether water supplies or power

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supplies. Can we tell whether they still strongly support Hamas?

:06:50.:06:56.

Is of course there are people who support Hamas in Gaza, and

:06:57.:07:00.

generally, when we have had conflict in the past, I was based in Gaza for

:07:01.:07:06.

nearly four years, Hamas gets a short-term boost from the conflict,

:07:07.:07:12.

because usually, after each conflict, they try to sell it as a

:07:13.:07:17.

victory to them, but it tends not to last too long, and also, when you

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delve a little bit deeper, you do meet a lot of people who say, look,

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this is pointless, it happens every two or three years, they get

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pummelled, and much they don't like what Israel is doing, there are some

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who think Hamas is it upon themselves. -- bringing it upon

:07:35.:07:40.

themselves. But in terms of what people are thinking at the moment, I

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would say not only in Gaza but in the West Bank, there is overwhelming

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sympathy with the people of Gaza amongst Palestinians. Thank you very

:07:48.:07:48.

much. Fighting is intensifying

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in eastern Ukraine in several of the rebel-held towns and cities

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surrounding the crash site These are the latest pictures

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from Donetsk - one person was killed when this apartment block was hit

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by artillery fire. Ten Ukrainian soldiers and at

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least 22 civilians have reportedly And for a third day, the fighting

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has stopped international investigators from reaching

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the crash site of flight MH17. The EU has announced the toughest

:08:13.:08:19.

economic sanctions so far imposed on They'll be put in place almost

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immediately, targetting the defence, finance and oil industries.

:08:23.:08:29.

The sanctions include: barring some Russian state-run banks

:08:30.:08:32.

from raising funds in European An embargo

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on future arms sales to Russia. Restrictions on the export

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of certain technologies used And adding more names to the list

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of those subjected to travel bans and asset freezes,

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including more members of President Well a little earlier,

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US secretary of State John Kerry gave a news conference in

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which he strongly criticised The Russians and their so-called

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volunteers are continuing to ship arms and funds and personnel

:09:06.:09:09.

across the border, we see this, We now have clear evidence

:09:10.:09:13.

of artillery and rocket fire, And while the Russians have said

:09:14.:09:20.

they want to de-escalate the conflict, their actions have

:09:21.:09:27.

not shown a shred of evidence that they really have a desire to end

:09:28.:09:31.

the violence and end the bloodshed. Moscow is

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Dimitry Babich, political analyst Moscow is no country likes of

:09:44.:10:06.

sanctions, but I think the main problem is that these sanctions are

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pointless. It is not clear what these sanctions

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are meant to achieve. It is obvious that the West and their leaders have

:10:12.:10:16.

talked themselves into believing that we have in Ukraine is not a

:10:17.:10:20.

civil war, but just a Russian intrusion, so if you pressure Mr

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Putin, the war will stop. But the problem is, it is indeed a Civil

:10:26.:10:30.

War. There are some Russian citizens participating, so-called

:10:31.:10:33.

volunteers, but it is mainly a war among Ukrainian citizens. So, by

:10:34.:10:39.

imposing more and more sanctions on Russia, the West is not going to end

:10:40.:10:43.

this war. What John Kerry had to say today was

:10:44.:10:45.

that the Russians and their so-called volunteers are continuing

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to ship arms and volunteers across the border. He says the Americans

:10:51.:10:54.

have clear evidence of that. The Russians may say they want to

:10:55.:10:56.

de-escalation is conflict, John Kerry says, but their actions show

:10:57.:11:00.

not a shred of evidence that they want to do so. His point is that

:11:01.:11:05.

President Putin could be escalated as, could stop arms going across the

:11:06.:11:09.

border, but he is choosing not to. I mean, Mr Kerry made lots of

:11:10.:11:14.

statements. It is clear that he is biased on many issues, including,

:11:15.:11:18.

for example, the investigation of the disaster that flight. It is not

:11:19.:11:24.

clear why the black boxes have not yet been published, the information

:11:25.:11:32.

from them. It is not quite clear why the Iranian government has not

:11:33.:11:34.

publish the records of the talks between air traffic controllers in

:11:35.:11:40.

Ukraine, and the plane. -- the Ukrainian government. So Mr Kerry is

:11:41.:11:43.

biased, and I honestly don't believe that you can, for example, stop the

:11:44.:11:46.

flow of arms from Pakistan and Afghanistan. In the same way, I

:11:47.:11:51.

think it is very difficult to prevent all the Russians who

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sympathise with the people of Ukraine from crossing the border.

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You have seen from the pictures that you have shown, how many people have

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been killed there by bombs, so Russians sympathise with them, very

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much like, for example, the people of the West Bank sympathise with the

:12:07.:12:09.

people in Gaza. How much damage to you think these

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sanctions will do to Russia and Russians?

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I think the damage will equal the damage done to the European Union,

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because EU is actually punishing its banks. The banks of the European

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countries will not be able to lend money to Russia and get an

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interest, so I think the losses will be mutual.

:12:31.:12:35.

And, of course, they will be felt in a few months, maybe, or if you

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years. Thank you.

:12:38.:12:41.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:12:42.:12:43.

An influential cousin of Afghanistan's outgoing

:12:44.:12:45.

president, Hamid Karzai, has been killed in a attack in Kabul.

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Hashmat Karzai died when a suicide bomber blew himself up while hugging

:12:48.:12:50.

him, on the pretext of greeting for the Muslim festival of Eid.

:12:51.:12:54.

Mr Karzai was a prominent member of the election campaign team

:12:55.:12:58.

for Ashraf Ghani, one of two presidential candidates in

:12:59.:13:01.

England batsman Moeen Ali has been warned not to wear wristbands

:13:02.:13:07.

showing support for Gaza during the third Test with India any more.

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The 27-year-old wore bands saying "Free Palestine" and "Save Gaza" on

:13:13.:13:16.

International Cricket Council rules state players should not wear

:13:17.:13:23.

messages relating to "political, religious or racial activities

:13:24.:13:28.

Libya says Italy has offered to help extinguish a huge blaze that has

:13:29.:13:32.

engulfed the biggest fuel depot in the capital, Tripoli.

:13:33.:13:35.

It's to send seven aircraft and a team of firefighting experts.

:13:36.:13:39.

Libyan officials blame clashes between rival militias

:13:40.:13:42.

for starting the fire, described as "out of control".

:13:43.:13:46.

Most of the 1,200 people evacuated in Northern California,

:13:47.:13:50.

where a wildfire destroyed 20 homes, have been told they can safely

:13:51.:13:54.

return after a series of steady gains in the firefight.

:13:55.:13:58.

In Yosemite National Park, a relentless air assault helped

:13:59.:14:02.

limit the spread of flames that had spread through more than six square

:14:03.:14:06.

A European Union war crimes prosecutor says that some former

:14:07.:14:14.

leaders of the Kosovo Liberation Army should face charges of crimes

:14:15.:14:18.

against humanity against ethnic Serbs in the wars 15 years ago.

:14:19.:14:22.

Clint Williamson has been detailing findings from his investigation,

:14:23.:14:26.

including evidence that a number of people were killed to harvest

:14:27.:14:30.

From Belgrade, Guy Delauney reports. The Kosovo conflict left the mixed

:14:31.:14:46.

judicial legacy. Senior Serbian figures have been prosecuted, and

:14:47.:14:49.

some conflict it, for atrocities against ethnic Albanians. But

:14:50.:14:55.

justice for ethnic Serbs who suffered has been in short supply.

:14:56.:15:03.

That may change. Certain sectors intentionally targeted members of

:15:04.:15:11.

the population. That included abductions, sexual violence, forms

:15:12.:15:18.

of the new mean treatment, forced displacement of individuals from

:15:19.:15:24.

their homes and communities, desecration and destruction of

:15:25.:15:27.

churches and other religious sites. In Kosovo's B have been bracing

:15:28.:15:36.

themselves for this -- in Kosovo's capital they have been. We hope for

:15:37.:15:50.

more clarity, but we understand the process is a complicated, difficult

:15:51.:15:56.

one. Again, this is why we remain open for a further cooperation in

:15:57.:16:00.

the future. Here in Belgrade people have long will -- long since become

:16:01.:16:08.

cynical about international justice. They say that it has not been good

:16:09.:16:17.

at holding those who committed crimes against ethnic Serbs to

:16:18.:16:22.

account. TRANSLATION: At this point we cannot say definitely whether

:16:23.:16:25.

something happened or not. There are suspicions, strong evidence, and

:16:26.:16:35.

also evidence of organ trafficking. But we will wait. The forthcoming

:16:36.:16:40.

tribunal is likely to cause political turmoil in Kosovo, but in

:16:41.:16:44.

the long term it may aid reconciliation in the region of

:16:45.:16:51.

April can be convinced that justice -- if people can be convinced that

:16:52.:16:53.

justice is possible. In Sierra Leone,

:16:54.:16:56.

the country's lead Ebola doctor has become the latest person to die

:16:57.:16:58.

in the outbreak that has killed Dr Sheik Umar

:16:59.:17:01.

Khan contracted the Ebola virus He has been described

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as a national hero in Sierra Leone. Two airlines

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in the region have now banned flights to Liberia and Sierra Leone

:17:09.:17:09.

after a man who flew to Nigeria It has been more than a week since

:17:10.:17:27.

the first case of the Ebola virus was recorded. The patient's death

:17:28.:17:31.

has raised concerns here about whether the virus could have spread

:17:32.:17:38.

to other people. The hospital where he died, in an isolation ward, has

:17:39.:17:44.

also been closed temporarily. We have contacted over 30,000 people in

:17:45.:17:50.

this area, because anybody and everybody who has contacted this

:17:51.:17:56.

person is going to be treated as a suspect. The current outbreak of the

:17:57.:18:00.

Ebola virus in West Africa has killed hundreds and the Nigerian

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public is hoping this single case within these borders will be the one

:18:05.:18:08.

they won. My concerns is that this is a very densely populated city. I

:18:09.:18:16.

am not certain about this state of affairs of our health care system.

:18:17.:18:24.

If the top hospitals can... These are the places people will normally

:18:25.:18:28.

visit. If they go on strike and we have a situation like this then that

:18:29.:18:34.

is a cause for concern. I do not eat anything, I do not have any food

:18:35.:18:41.

outside, I sit in my house. I do not know how you can contract the

:18:42.:18:45.

disease so I am very much afraid. I do not even like to be talking to

:18:46.:18:51.

people. To use these fears the government is advising the public to

:18:52.:18:54.

take a cautionary measures against infection. It has also set up

:18:55.:18:59.

isolation wards at the country's major airports to keep this deadly

:19:00.:19:06.

violence A-star virus from creating an international health crisis. --

:19:07.:19:10.

this deadly virus. The former Governor of Alaska

:19:11.:19:13.

and 2008 Republican Vice President candidate, Sarah Palin,

:19:14.:19:16.

has launched her own news channel. The conservative politician's online

:19:17.:19:18.

subscription channel, which costs She says her channel is

:19:19.:19:20.

a way to sidestep the mainstream US media and build a community with

:19:21.:19:24.

like-minded conservatives. The channel features online video

:19:25.:19:26.

chats and a look into life This is a news channel which is much

:19:27.:19:40.

more venues. This is a community or we will be able to share ideas and

:19:41.:19:44.

discuss the issues of the day, and we will find solutions. Are you

:19:45.:19:50.

tired of the media filters? I am, I always have been. So I am going to

:19:51.:20:00.

do something about it. NASA's Mars Rover Opportunity has

:20:01.:20:08.

broken the record for space travel. The American space agency says that

:20:09.:20:12.

it was never meant to drive further than about 800 metres from its

:20:13.:20:17.

landing site. It has found evidence of water in Mars and is still

:20:18.:20:21.

continuing its work. The previous record was set in 1973 by a Soviet

:20:22.:20:26.

Union moon rover. The UK - a place of culture,

:20:27.:20:29.

good manners and good humour. That's according to a new study

:20:30.:20:32.

by the British Council, who asked 5,000 young people from

:20:33.:20:34.

China to Brazil what their opinion But it is important to be balanced,

:20:35.:20:37.

of course, so they also asked what 27% of those who answered said they

:20:38.:20:42.

thought the British drank too much. Prince Charles wasn't named

:20:43.:20:47.

in person, of course. Just under a quarter of people,

:20:48.:20:51.

23%, But who doesn't love a fried

:20:52.:20:53.

breakfast every now and then? And one in five thought British

:20:54.:20:58.

people were too nationalistic. Though that won't stop us cheering

:20:59.:21:02.

for home nations at the We felt it was important to conduct

:21:03.:21:04.

our own research into this matter. So we took to the streets of London

:21:05.:21:11.

to ask what people liked, and didn't I hate the traffic jams. Sometimes

:21:12.:21:31.

they do not move. I do not really like the people, I find them quite

:21:32.:21:37.

rude. British people are a bit pale. But we're not that different,

:21:38.:21:45.

British and Norwegian 's. We found the food a bit challenging

:21:46.:21:51.

sometimes. It is often very grey, to wake up in the morning and it is

:21:52.:21:55.

grey and cold, it is not a nice way to start the day. The weather is

:21:56.:22:03.

pretty bad. Ren?e. Grey and probably the feed as well. They are very good

:22:04.:22:16.

at queueing up. It is lovely. Even the GPS said, please do this, please

:22:17.:22:18.

make a U-turn. With me is Mark Moulding, a

:22:19.:22:20.

spokesman for the British Council. Welcome to world news today. Why did

:22:21.:22:33.

you choose the countries that you chose for your survey? These

:22:34.:22:37.

countries are very important for the future of the UK on the world stage.

:22:38.:22:42.

They are big economies. They are also the big emerging economies as

:22:43.:22:47.

well. The UK's green to have a lot to do with those countries in the

:22:48.:22:51.

future if we are to be competitive. It is very important to know what

:22:52.:22:54.

attracts them to us but also what is pushing them away at the moment. We

:22:55.:23:00.

need to impress them. Top of that is culture. What does that mean?

:23:01.:23:06.

Culture means a lot of things. We asked people to identify a figure

:23:07.:23:10.

that they linked with British culture. Shakespeare came out on

:23:11.:23:15.

top. The Queen was in second place, David Beckham was in third place. Mr

:23:16.:23:20.

been and the Beatles were in the top ten. I delved the singer, JK

:23:21.:23:27.

Rowling. Quite an eclectic mix. We're not pigeonholed into one sort

:23:28.:23:33.

of racket, theatre, high culture, anything like that, it is a real

:23:34.:23:37.

spread of things that mean a lot of different things to a lot of French

:23:38.:23:44.

people. -- to a lot of different people. What are the things that put

:23:45.:23:52.

people of Britain? We could be nicer about the weather, because it is

:23:53.:23:57.

nice at the moment. Food is the second least attractive feature in

:23:58.:24:01.

the eyes of the world, but I think that is probably based on some

:24:02.:24:06.

outdated impressions. 1970s stodgy food, that is not the case these

:24:07.:24:11.

days. We have a wonderful culinary scene. It has been a long time since

:24:12.:24:18.

food has changed around, it has become very multicultural, that

:24:19.:24:21.

implies that we are not getting the message out. People are working hard

:24:22.:24:26.

to get the message out onto the world stage. I was speaking to a

:24:27.:24:30.

manufacturer in Somerset who has been out to China to try to sell

:24:31.:24:34.

bear meet over there. That is something we need to do much more

:24:35.:24:41.

of. Things like the way that they view as personally. They think that

:24:42.:24:45.

we are intolerant of other cultures and ignorant of other cultures and

:24:46.:24:48.

countries and I think that there is a lot that we can do there to

:24:49.:24:55.

address that. That is political, there is a lot in current political

:24:56.:25:01.

debate about migrants, benefits, tourism and health tourism. That

:25:02.:25:09.

bleeds into this. Yes, but what a lot of it comes down to is how we

:25:10.:25:13.

conduct ourselves as people. We are notoriously bad about speaking

:25:14.:25:20.

foreign languages. The stereotype is British people going abroad and

:25:21.:25:24.

speaking very slowly in English to make themselves understood. That is

:25:25.:25:28.

terrible, that belies an unwillingness to connect with other

:25:29.:25:32.

cultures. Learning another language could help to challenge those

:25:33.:25:37.

stereotypes. I would like to thank you in Mandarin, but I cannot and I

:25:38.:25:38.

am guilty! If you happened to have

:25:39.:25:42.

a spare half a million dollars, Would a bottle

:25:43.:25:44.

of ketchup be a wise investment? Not just any bottle of ketchup,

:25:45.:25:48.

though, As you can tell,

:25:49.:25:50.

it doesn't actually hold any It's been standing on the side

:25:51.:25:53.

of a road in California next to a former ketchup factory since the

:25:54.:25:58.

late 1940s, and now it's for sale. If you did want to fill it up,

:25:59.:26:01.

we're told there's room there for Just tamed to remain June of our

:26:02.:26:22.

main news. More than 100 Palestinians are said to have been

:26:23.:26:26.

killed after Israel recommenced its bombardment of Gaza. The European

:26:27.:26:34.

Union has agreed the toughest sanctions so far against Russia over

:26:35.:26:40.

its support for rebels in Ukraine. That is all from the programme.

:26:41.:26:45.

Thank you very much for being with us on World News Today.

:26:46.:26:50.

It has been another pretty hot day across the south-east corner of the

:26:51.:27:02.

United Kingdom. More in the way of clade across the south-west. Most

:27:03.:27:08.

places she'd be fine and dry. Still

:27:09.:27:09.

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