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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.
In the last few hours, there's been a serious upsurge in violence into
and out of the Gaza Strip, as the UN Secretary-General urges both sides
Gaza's main hospital is hit and at least eight children killed
In the past half hour, Israel's Prime Minister has defended
Out of control - a spreading fire at a huge oil depot in Libya prompts
the Government there to plead for international help.
stops international investigators from reaching the crash site of
Most experts agree they were wiped out by a giant asteroid,
but was their extinction a colossal case of but was their extinction
We'll look at the latest theory about the demise of the dinosaurs.
In the past 30 minutes, the Israeli Prime Minister,
Benjamin Netanyahu, has said that Israel must be prepared
He said that it would not finish until the goal of destroying
the tunnels from Gaza had been achieved.
The hope was for a truce to allow the besieged civilians of the
Gaza Strip to mark the Eid festival that ends the month of Ramadan.
But it has been another day of bloodshed, with
a serious upsurge in violence on both sides in the last few hours.
The compound housing Gaza's main Al-Shifa Hospital has been hit.
And Palestinian officials in Gaza say that at least eight children who
were in a nearby playground in a refugee camp have also been killed.
The Palestinians blame Israeli missile fire, but the Israelis say
that rockets misfired by Hamas militants were to blame.
In another development, a mortar attack from Gaza on Southern Israel
Martin Patience reports from Gaza City.
In the main hospital in Gaza, the casualties are arriving. Among them,
children playing outdoors. No street in Gaza is safe. There is great and
desperation in this hospital. Many of the families of those children
hurt in this attack are rushing here and many of them fear the worst.
Caught up in a conflict he cannot possibly understand. This boy and
girl were injured, in what Palestinians say was an Israeli air
strike. Israel denies this, saying they were injured by a misfired
Palestinian rocket. I was at home when I had a huge glass, says this
man, I rushed out of the street and it was full of bodies. Earlier in
the day, amid the ruins, they marked the end of Ramadan. This festival is
supposed to be a moment of joy and celebration, but there was only
bitterness and sorrow here. At eight Gaza Cemetery, families paid their
traditional respects. But even the dead are not spared. The blast of an
Israeli air strike on earth one body, which had to be buried again.
-- and asked. More than 150,000 Palestinians have been forced out of
their homes by the fighting. Most are staying at UN schools, but there
were no gifts for the children, only desperation from their parents. We
have fled from our homes and there is no Eid here. The situation is
miserable. I do not even have anything to give to my son or
daughter, we have nothing. The Israeli military continues to
destroy tunnels used by Hamas to stage cross-border attacks. Israel
says until the safety of its citizens is guaranteed, it has the
right to continue this offensive. Bethany Bell joins us now
from Jerusalem. We have been hearing from Benjamin
Netanyahu while -- why he feels it is necessary to continue the
offensive. Yes, he said that Israelis should be prepared for a
long campaign, we do not know exactly what that means in this
context, but what he did not do was to announce an expansion of this
operation in Gaza. He said that the target remained taking out these
cross-border tunnels that goal from Gaza into Israel, and in fact, this
evening, the Israeli army has said that initial reports of an incident
in which militants came up through those tunnels and exchanged fire
with Israeli soldiers, they say a search is now underway, so, sketchy
details at the moment about that incident north of the Gaza Strip,
all of which will increase the support likely in the Israeli
population for what the Army is doing in Gaza. As we were saying,
each side blames the other for this hit on the hospital compound and the
beach nearby. It'd create whose ordnance was involved? -- is it
clear yet. We have had Hamas saying it was result of Israeli air strike,
on a playground in which it says each children died, and on a
building in the main Al-Shifa Hospital conflict in Gaza. Israel
says the Israeli army says that these strikes were the result of
rockets misfired by a listing in militants inside Gaza. So, both
sides blaming the other. -- misfired by Palestinian militant --
militants. With me is Rosemary Hollis,
Professor of Middle East Policy Studies and Director of the
Olive Tree Scholarship Programme Thank you for coming in. We have
just heard that determination from the Israeli Prime Minister to
continue for as long as it takes to get rid of these tunnels. Why this
should eject -- what is the strategic importance? I do not think
they thought the word as extensive as they are. Only when they went in
on the ground, looking the stockpiles of rockets, the original
intention of the Israeli opening of another round of warfare with Hamas
was to get rid of those rockets, but then discovering they had another
plan, which was to infiltrate Israel under the security fence that
surrounds the Gaza Strip, they have got a stronger agenda the damage
Hamas in military terms. I do not think Benjamin Netanyahu can expect
any tolerance if he agrees to a cease-fire on human attaining downs,
and will have been seen to have not finished the job he claimed he was
starting. Is there a sense in which Israel has been wrong-footed by
Hamas? In terms of keeping the rockets firing and there is a more
extensive underground network than they thought. Mustard -- it was
certainly politically weak at the start of this campaign because of
the change of Government in Egypt. Which is increase the support behind
Benjamin Netanyahu to crack down on Hamas. However, by Hamas showing
that they can put up a serious resistance, they can do serious
harm, they can disrupt the Israeli economy and that they have plans to
try another tactic in the future, that will have rattled the Israelis.
That is interesting about the attitude of Egypt. Because we have
Ban Ki-Moon, John Kerry, saying we have to have a cease-fire, and on
the other hand, they seem to be saying there might be some tacit
support for hammering Hamas from other Arab states. There is a
scenario for the future of Gaza, not necessarily one that the Israeli
leadership has wholeheartedly embraced, but one seriously under
discussion, which would involve the Egyptians and the Saudis, who are so
Italy anti-Muslim brotherhood -- bitterly, but almost like to --
definition they are against Hamas as an offshoot of the Muslim
Brotherhood, they want to use this opportunity, much as they wanted to
use the previous opportunity when Israel was at war with Hezbollah in
Lebanon, to smash what they regard as a serious problem in terrorist
terms, in terms of being against what the Egyptian Government and the
Saudi Government stand for in the region. So, there are mentions of a
wider power struggle, the Israelis find themselves with some backing
from what they would call moderate Arabs in the region. The Americans
are not the only players who can talk to the Israelis now. Does that
mean that if there is to be any cessation, even if it is not close,
it could be to do with the regional solution? The conspiracy would be to
wipe out Hamas as the political authority in the Gaza Strip and
replace them not necessarily Mahmoud Abbas, but Fatah elements, including
those that Hamas posted in a firefight in 2007 over control of
Gaza. Up against this scenario is the fact that Hamas is not just a
leadership, it is part of the population of Gaza, it is embedded
in the population. It is literally underground, which is what the
tunnels are about. The population in Gaza once the Israelis to suffer for
what they are suffering. Thus far, Hamas is doing more to hurt Israel
than any of the people in Cairo or read, or indeed the West Bank. -- or
in Saudi Arabia. The Libyan Government says a fire
at a huge oil depot near Tripoli Airport has spread to a
second tank and is out of control. The Government says
the fire could cause a "humanitarian and environmental
disaster", and is calling for The facility, which stores 6.6
million litres of fuel, was hit The fire is still raging in Tripoli
amidst the country's West cycle of violence in three years. These are
the latest flames engulfing the skyline. A fuel storage tank struck
by a stray rocket on Sunday saw firefighters battling the blaze for
hours as ongoing clashes between rival militias continued. This dual
storage compound as more than 20 million litres of petrol, gas and
diesel. Libyan officials are warning of a potential humanitarian and
environmental disaster. In the face of indiscriminate shelling, no one
knows what will happen. Residents within a five kilometre radius have
been told to evacuate. For two weeks, rival militias have been
battling for this, Tripoli's International airport, insignificant
cash cow for any group running it. There is not much of it left now.
But the battle here is beyond controlling the key facility, it is
a power struggle that mirrors Libya's divisive politics in the
last three years. It is not just the capital, Lydia's second city,
Benghazi, has been fighting its own war, entrenched in an ideologically
divided. There are forces there now locked in a continuous battle with
Islamist militants in the city. Militant groups calling for Shari al
all are blamed for the daily assassinations and bombings
targeting the military, police and activists. Most foreign nationals
have now been told by their governments to leave the country
immediately. Many worry that the cycle of violence across Libya may
now be beyond anyone's control. Brigitte Scheffer is from
BBC Arabic. We were just saying that this could
also be an environmental disaster. It is not under control in any way.
Indeed. This afternoon, a second storage tank was hit by a rocket and
is now in flames as well. The Government have asked the local
population within five kilometres to evacuate the area, because of the
toxicity of the fumes. This second tanker exploding is certainly not
going to help stop I think there is about almost ten tankers in that
storage area, so if they all blow up, it will pose a real problem for
Tripoli on many levels. And very hard to go in and deal with it when
triply itself and the country is so unstable. And I do not think they
have the resources to deal with a petrochemical fire like this, it
will be very hard to put out. So, they are very under resourced, so
this could go on for a while. They have over 6 million litres, it is a
serious problem. It is tragic on many levels, because we associated,
have associated Olivia with oil and massive oil reserves. -- Libya. It
was spotted -- it was thought that the new Libya could at least rely on
oil revenue. Yes, it is a shame that the oil industry has virtually
collapsed. For a long time it was a provider and if holds Africa's
largest reserves. Bay have gone from that to being one of the smallest
producers of OPEC countries. Because of the ongoing militia trouble that
they have had, other militia groups have controlled the terminals and
there is still a negotiating process taking place to liberate some of the
terminals from rebel hands. They have asked for international
help to deal with the fire, they are looking for experts. In general, who
do they look to? To Americans or European backers?
In the past they have looked to the west, particularly France, England
and the US, who initially backed this revolution and help them. I
think the situation on the ground has deteriorated so badly on the
ground that a lot of the embassies are closing or have closed.
Everybody is urging their citizens to leave the country, unless they
have a reason to be there. They have asked for international assistance
without specifying who. More of a plea for help, I think. What they
might need is technical assistance in dealing with this fire.
They queue for joining us. We will keep an eye on that story.
Ukrainian officials are claiming that data
from the black box flight recorders on the Malaysian Airlines flight
MH17 confirms it was destroyed by shrapnel from a missile blast.
In their words, there was "massive explosive
Fresh fighting - close to where the plane went down -
has prevented international monitors from accessing
the crash site for the second day in a row - despite assurances they
Meanwhile, the United Nations human rights chief says
the crash over eastern Ukraine could constitute a war crime.
From the region, our correspondent Tom Burridge reports.
On the roads through eastern Ukraine we saw families fleeing the
fighting. Victoria and her grandson are crammed in their car.
TRANSLATION: They are bombing houses, we want to stay alive.
Off-white cloth is their plea for no harm. Where the smoke is rising, the
city which they left. We saw Ukraine's army fire heavy
artillery. For months, pro-Russian rebels have held much of the land, a
conflict in which much of the civilians have died. Now the
Ukrainian army is on the offensive. Misses as far as we have been able
to go. There is fierce fighting in this part of eastern Ukraine,
particularly around the strategically important city of
Donetsk. It is Ukrainian government forces that have been making
advances. Generally speaking in that direction, towards the crash site of
flight MH17. The fighting prevented investigators and security observers
from reaching the site, even with armed guards.
We are sick and tired of being interrupted by gunfights despite the
fact that we have agreed there should be ace is fire.
But it appears the crash site is not the main objective for these
Ukrainian forces. We want to take round and main roads to the east of
the near risk, which link that important city to Russia. -- done
yet. Meanwhile, life of those still here is anything but easy. The wait
for essentials. The fighting goes on.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
And international court in the Hague has told the Russian government to
pay compensation of $50 billion to shareholders in the defunct oil
company Yukos. company, Yukos. The court said
Russian officials under President Putin had manipulated the legal
system to bankrupt Yukos. It said the company's former head, Mikhail
Khodorkovsky, had shown signs of becoming a political competitor. The
Russian government says the ruling The Liberian government has
closed most border crossings to The disease has killed at least 660
people in West Africa this year. Testing centres will be set up
at the international airport and the few other entry points to
the country which will remain open. The French government has said it's
ready to give asylum to Christians in Iraq who have been threatened
by the jihadist group, Thousands of Christians have fled
from the northern city of Mosul after the Islamic State -
previously known as ISIS - told them they had to convert,
pay a religious tax or face death. Students who survived the sinking
of a South Korean ferry in April have said they were repeatedly told
to stay in their cabins They're giving evidence
during the trial of the captain and crew members who face charges
ranging from negligence to murder The Australian government has
approved the development of what could potentially be
the country's biggest coal mine. The government says strict
environmental conditions Freak storms have struck the
west coast of the United States. One man has died and
at least fourteen others were taken to hospital,
after being struck by lightning They were caught
as rare summer thunderstorms swept This was the scene minutes after a
violent electrical storm caused panic in one of America's most
famous beaches. Emergency services responded to reports that several
people had been injured by lightning. People on the beach said
the only warning was when the sky suddenly darkened.
I said, we should go inside, because I don't feel like getting killed
today. And then moments later, all hell broke loose.
It was the loudest under I have ever heard. All the mothers were grabbing
kids. There was a flash of light and noise
and it felt like someone punch me in the back of the head. It went all
down the right side of my body, my leg locks and I fell over.
At least a dozen people were treated at the scene. Most of those had been
in the water when the lightning struck.
They have been sent away, for the most part they are doing very well.
There was the initial person who received some serious injuries may
have been transported to a local facility.
Of those taken to hospital, one has been critically injured and one has
died. Helicopters patrolled the shoreline searching for more
casualties. Lifeguards fanned out across the surf to make sure no one
had been missed. The storm was a brief interruption on a sunny
afternoon, but for at least one family, it meant that a date the
beach ended tragically. Dinosaurs were wiped out
by an asteroid impact when they were at their most vulnerable, according
to a new international study which says the creatures were already
suffering from food shortages, as The 11 leading dinosaur experts
conclude the dinosaurs might have survived
if the asteroid had hit the Earth a So their extinction
65 million years ago was a case One of those experts is
in our Birmingham studio now. Dr Richard Butler is from the School
of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
at the University of Birmingham. Thanks for joining us. Tell us more
about the fact they were vulnerable at this particular time. Why?
65 million years ago dinosaurs went extinct, and prior to that was a lot
of intense environmental change going on. There were a lot of
volcanic eruptions in India, leading to changes in climate, and also a
lot of sea-level changes. A long-term fall in sea-level. All
these things would have placed stresses on dinosaur communities.
What we see in some of the large groups of dinosaurs are long-term
declines in diversity or current over the last few million years or
so prior to extension. These declines in diversity would probably
have had the impact of weakening dinosaur amenities as a whole and
making them more vulnerable to the effect of this asteroid impact.
So if the asteroid had not hit then but hit a few million years later,
dinosaurs might have been resilient enough to survive? For how long?
It is possible. We cannot rerun the table history and look at what would
have happened if it has hit at a different time, but it was certainly
a very bad time for it to hit, and dinosaurs might have survived if it
had been a few million years later or earlier, and I think if they have
survived they would have been with us today. They were very successful
for around 180 million years, and if you look at the last six to 5
million years of Earth history, nothing has happened that would have
been enough to wipe out dinosaurs. -- 65 million years.
What would that have meant for us? Would we be here talking about
this? It is a good question. If we look at
what happened after dinosaurs went extinct, mammals were actually
around for a long time alongside dinosaurs but they were never able
to diversify. When dinosaurs disappeared, mammals undergo this
explosion that ultimately leads to the evolution of humans. Dinosaurs
had not disappeared, this may not have occurred and we may not have
evolved. So we may all our very existence to this asteroid impact.
While it was colossal bad luck for the dinosaurs, it was probably
colossal good luck for us. Many species were weakening anyway
because of environmental factors. Some people would say, they would
not survive anyway. There was a decline that was well underway.
That decline is only limited to a few groups of dinosaurs. If you look
at dinosaurs as a whole, they seem to have been doing pretty good up
until the asteroid impact. Some groups, large bodied herbivorous
groups, they were in decline, and we don't know whether this would have
continued. Are probably would not have been enough to drive all
dinosaurs to extension. Thank you for joining us and giving
us those ideas about dinosaurs who could have still been here today.
A video of the Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip
Erdogan, scoring a hat-trick in a football match has gone viral.
The Prime Minister, who was once a promising junior with a Turkish club
side, showed off his skills during an exhibition match to inaugurate
Mr Erdogan is standing as a candidate in next month's
I think you can tell the goalkeeper wasn't trying too hard. IQ for
joining us tonight, you can get in touch on Twitter.
Plenty of showers around, and we will see some winds pushing into the