25/07/2014 World News Today


25/07/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me David Eades.

:00:00.:00:00.

International efforts to broker a humanitarian truce

:00:07.:00:25.

More victims from the downed Malaysia Airlines

:00:26.:00:28.

flight return to the Netherlands - but eight days on, bodies still

:00:29.:00:31.

Also coming up, how will the United States deal with the

:00:32.:00:42.

How a new treatment for breast cancer could help tens of thousands

:00:43.:00:45.

of women - and save Britain's National Health Service money.

:00:46.:01:03.

The death toll in Gaza rose above 800 today,

:01:04.:01:06.

as diplomats continued to push for a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas.

:01:07.:01:12.

The United Nations said that 150,000 people in Gaza -

:01:13.:01:15.

Israel has continued its air and ground missions to end

:01:16.:01:24.

the launching of rockets from Gaza while Hamas insists that

:01:25.:01:26.

the blockade on the area is lifted as part of any ceasefire.

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Big and has rejected the cease-fire. They have called for modifications.

:01:41.:01:49.

-- the Israeli cabinet. In a moment the view from Israel -

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but first our correspondent Ian Pannell has just sent this

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report from Gaza. The girl was delivered

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by emergency Caesarean She was killed in

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an Israeli air strike this morning. The baby was still

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two weeks premature. Doctors say the little girl has

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a 50-50 chance of living. The woman's uncle showed us what

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remains of their home and the place Israel insists it tries to avoid

:02:20.:02:32.

civilian deaths but this morning it was not

:02:33.:02:40.

a fighter who was killed, just This is where the bomb landed

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about two o'clock in the morning. There has been some damage to

:02:44.:02:50.

the house over there. This part was

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a UN sanitation compound. But this was a small block housing

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a few families. This is where the mother was living

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and she was trapped as She was underneath and unable

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to escape and eventually died. Two Hamas rockets launched

:03:05.:03:13.

into Israel. Homeless families living in a UN

:03:14.:03:19.

school clap and cheer. There is nothing to celebrate

:03:20.:03:25.

in Gaza. This young girl

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and her brother were injured when The mother talks of the moment

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her husband died in her arms. Despite talk of a ceasefire, the

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suffering and pain go undiminished. Fawaz Gerges is Professor of Middle

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Eastern Politics at the London School of Economics and Political

:03:54.:03:56.

Science. I was going to see, is this the

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tipping point moment with regard to cease-fire negotiations? The Israeli

:04:10.:04:17.

perspective is not good at the moment. The Israeli government, as

:04:18.:04:26.

you know, rejected the John Kerry proposal. This is a bargaining

:04:27.:04:32.

process. John Kerry's proposal is a 2-stage process. He would like a

:04:33.:04:40.

one-week long cease-fire. In tandem with talks which tackle the security

:04:41.:04:46.

questions. The security questions are the heart of the problem, the

:04:47.:04:53.

eight year Israel siege of Gaza. A siege which has had devastating

:04:54.:05:00.

impact on the lives of Palestinians. This is the central question. How do

:05:01.:05:05.

you stop the rockets? And how do you end the siege? Egypt has also

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imposed a bloody siege on Gaza. It is starting 2 million people. It

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seems clear internationally that this must be confronted this time.

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At the same time, the end to Rocky -- rocket attacks into Israel is as

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cynical and no one. Hamas leaders have made it clear they would accept

:05:41.:05:45.

any cease-fire which gives them guarantees that the eight-year

:05:46.:05:50.

blockage would be over. Hamas has never said it would not accept a

:05:51.:05:57.

cease-fire. Their goal is to end the blockade. It is causing starvation.

:05:58.:06:04.

The central concern of Hamas is that. And now the Palestinian

:06:05.:06:11.

president has joined Hamas in demanding the end of the blockade.

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In this sense, there is a widespread belief that the cease-fire, the end

:06:20.:06:24.

of rockets and at the same time end the blockade. Let us jump ahead. It

:06:25.:06:33.

is still Hamas, to some extent in the driving seat, and from an

:06:34.:06:38.

Israeli viewpoint, that is a trump card for Israel. This is a terrorist

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organisation? You are correct. The foolish rockets of Hamas. Look at

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the number of casualties. How many Palestinians have been killed? 830.

:06:54.:06:59.

Most of them are civilians. 200 children will stop. The rockets are

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providing ammunition to the far right. The far Right faction is you

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want to continue the war. The ultraconservative ring -- wing

:07:15.:07:19.

within the government has won the deed for the moment. Thank you very

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much for joining us. More planes carrying the remains

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of victims from the Malaysian airlines crash have landed

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at Eindhoven in The Netherlands. It's been more than a week

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since the MH17 was shot down in the fields of Grabovo,

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but the site is yet to be secured The BBC's Tim Willcox is in Kharkiv

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for us. Thank you very much. The number of

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forensic teams grows by the day. They will be joined by 14 military

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police from Holland is. They will be unarmed but will be gathering

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evidence. As you say, more coffins were flown from here today to the

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Netherlands. 74 coffins in total. It had been thought by the team is

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processing the bodies on the grounds, they would have completed

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their task today. But they have not. There is a fourth carriage on the

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train which was brought here which needs to be cleared. So potentially

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more flights tomorrow or the following day. I report was at the

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airport today whether Dutch and Australian foreign ministers came to

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visit the team working on those bodies. In a city on the edge of a

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war soon, thoughts for those passengers, people on a flight which

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flew over here. They are now mourned in the east of you clean. This

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morning at the airport it is another solemn ceremony. -- Eastern Ukraine.

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More unidentified remains are loaded onto planes. Getting the remains of

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the victims out of Warsaw and here to government-controlled Ukraine and

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then onto flights to Holland, more than a week after the flight was

:09:33.:09:36.

shot out of the sky, continues to be a complex international Ian --

:09:37.:09:44.

effort. Countries like Australia and Holland want assurances that the

:09:45.:09:45.

crash site Holland want assurances that the

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people can access it securely. The Australian Foreign Minister told me

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it was the wish Australian Foreign Minister told me

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community that the crash site be secured. We are doing

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community that the crash site be security council task asked to do

:10:00.:10:05.

and that is establishing a proper crash site investigation. We assume

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our support their, security for them

:10:08.:10:19.

just in case. It is hoped that an armed Dutch and Australian police

:10:20.:10:25.

will come year where parts of the plane and probably still bodies are

:10:26.:10:30.

scattered. The Dutch Prime Minister told the BBC that those responsible

:10:31.:10:35.

will face justice. Be assured that I am extra me motivated to find him,

:10:36.:10:42.

her or then Anderson as we know, they will not escape justice. -- and

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as soon as we know. Meanwhile, the consequences of war, people fleeing

:10:54.:11:01.

their homes to avoid the violence. That is the problem, the town is

:11:02.:11:06.

still in the middle of war zone. Despite the calls for a six

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cease-fire around the site fighting has continued and rockets have been

:11:12.:11:18.

fired. Done yet is not too far away and that is the last stronghold of

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the rebels. The Ukrainian army is shelling that town and the militia

:11:25.:11:28.

are fighting back. Berries are fighting brigades -- there is

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fighting brigades made up of fighting there. In the last odours

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so, the Pentagon says it had evidence of multi-calibre rocket one

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she is being shipped across the border from Russia that century as

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early as today. -- rocket launchers. The fighting continues and it seems

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like it will be quite a while before those international teams will find

:12:01.:12:04.

it safe enough to go down and collect evidence. Four days nobody

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parts and bits of wreckage have been left isolated. No one is controlling

:12:10.:12:15.

that. The families of the victims of the flights will find it a long

:12:16.:12:23.

process to get all the body parts which are accessible on the ground

:12:24.:12:27.

back to Holland is for a formal identification. Thank you very much

:12:28.:12:31.

indeed. The French government has confirmed

:12:32.:12:35.

that there are no survivors from an Air Algerie plane

:12:36.:12:38.

which crashed over Mali yesterday. 116 passengers and crew were

:12:39.:12:40.

on board. One of the flight

:12:41.:12:42.

recorders has been found. It's thought the plane, which had

:12:43.:12:44.

taken off from Burkina Faso, came In Afghanistan,

:12:45.:12:47.

Taliban militants have shot dead 15 people, including women and a child,

:12:48.:12:56.

in the central province of Ghor. Gunmen stopped two vehicles

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and ordered the passengers to stand in line at the side of the road

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before shooting them one by one. The victims were from the minority

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Hazara community, which has faced Jailed Al Jazeera journalist,

:13:07.:13:09.

Australian Peter Greste is to appeal against his conviction

:13:10.:13:16.

and seven year sentence for Mr Greste and his colleagues,

:13:17.:13:20.

Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed, were arrested in December as part of

:13:21.:13:24.

a crackdown on Islamist supporters Illegal immigrants is an issue for

:13:25.:13:44.

many countries and the US is no difference. President Obama will be

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meeting Central American presidents to stem the flow of illegal child

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migrants. In the last eight months, nearly 60,000 children have crossed

:14:01.:14:10.

the board are illegally into the US. Navigating the climbing frame, this

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six-year-old has just completed a far tougher journey. He arrived in

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America this month from El Salvador. Finally reunited with his mother who

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made the same journey two years ago. She has asked not to be identified.

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It is risky to travel as a family because people take more interest in

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you. It is less dangerous for the children to come on their own.

:14:36.:14:41.

Daniel made the 5000 kilometres trip with his two young cousins. He is

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escaping gang violence and poverty back home. What did he tell you

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about the journey? The only thing he said was that he was scared when he

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got to the border. When you cross the river with water up to his neck

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and when he was caught by the immigration officials. When you

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arrived at the detention centre with his clothes still soaking wet. The

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detention centres on the border are child migrants are brought to when

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they are right. It is their first taste of the American dream,

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conditions are cramped. Nearly 60,000 children cross the border

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illegally in the last six months. Many make the journey across the

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river of the Rio Grande Bay. It separates America from Mexico. If a

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parent that their children through half of what these illegal aliens do

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in Texas then the parent would have been charged for child endangerment.

:15:56.:15:59.

They are putting their children at risk when they do this.

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Here in Washington solving the problems at the border remains a

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huge challenge. President Obama has described the flow of child migrants

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as a humanitarian crisis. His critics wonder how he will speed up

:16:18.:16:21.

deportations when there is such a huge backlog in the courts. As for

:16:22.:16:26.

Daniel, it could take years for a judge to decide his fate. His mother

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is scared that he will be sent back to El Salvador. She wants her son to

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stay in America, a country that she believes will give him a better

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chance in life. Joining us from Washington is Doris

:16:39.:16:41.

Meissner, senior fellow and director She's also the former Commissioner

:16:42.:16:43.

of the US Immigration and Naturalization Service under

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the Clinton administration Thank you for joining us. One would

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presume that the questions surrounding this issue is, how do

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you stop all these children coming over? Is that the predominant

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concern, do you think? It certainly is the concern of many people in the

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NATO states, the net six Congress. -- in the United States, the United

:17:17.:17:23.

States Congress. There are young people in this globe who have claim

:17:24.:17:28.

for asylum in the United States, several other provisions under US

:17:29.:17:32.

law because of the safety problems that they have experienced in their

:17:33.:17:38.

own home countries. There cannot be simply an effort to stop them and

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send them back without them having an opportunity to have their story

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be heard and a judge decide whether they have the right to remain in the

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United States, or whether they need to be repatriated to their

:17:53.:17:57.

countries. They are coming over in tens of thousands, and almost

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unmanageable number. Are there, among those tens of thousands, many

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who want across-the-board and disappear. That keeping track of

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them is the challenge? There are lots of challenges. One of the most

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important characteristics of this is what you pointed out in the package,

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which is that so many people have parents in the United States or at

:18:27.:18:34.

least a close relative. Main 2% of them have either a parent or a

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family member. -- 90% of them. The dangerous situations they face in

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their countries and lack of economic opportunity, those who have come

:18:53.:18:58.

here and have a stake your want them to come and want them to be here and

:18:59.:19:08.

are by and large paying smugglers to bring them. Is there something which

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has been getting worse since the Clinton administration. And is that

:19:14.:19:17.

partly because of the inability to deal with it over the last couple of

:19:18.:19:23.

decades? We have always had child migrants, but they have been

:19:24.:19:27.

predominantly from Mexico rather than from Central America, although

:19:28.:19:32.

Central Americans have been in the child migrant population. But they

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have been at a fairly steady rate. It has been several thousand a year,

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5000 two 7000 a year. This just in the last two years that the chilled

:19:49.:19:51.

migration phenomenon has really taken off and is dominated by

:19:52.:19:57.

children from Central America. And so this is a shift but it is also

:19:58.:20:00.

something that we're been dealing with for quite a long time. Thank

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you very much for joining us. A new breast-cancer treatment

:20:03.:20:08.

which replaces weeks of radiotherapy could be offered on

:20:09.:20:10.

the National Health Service here. It uses a single dose

:20:11.:20:12.

of targeted treatment once a tumour As Sophie Hutchinson reports,

:20:13.:20:15.

for many patients it could replace The 71-year-old writer says that she

:20:16.:20:35.

has never been busier, but almost two years ago she had surgery for

:20:36.:20:41.

breast cancer and at the same time was given a new therapy for breast

:20:42.:20:45.

cancer. She said it was brilliant because it was over so quickly. I

:20:46.:20:52.

had no idea it had been done. I felt tired for a few weeks, classic

:20:53.:20:57.

post-op symptoms, but I did not know it had happened. If they had not

:20:58.:21:02.

pulled me they had done it I would never have known. There were no side

:21:03.:21:07.

effects, nothing to show. The treatment, which

:21:08.:21:12.

in the UK, offers a one-off dose of radiotherapy carried out after an

:21:13.:21:17.

in the UK, offers a one-off dose of operation in the minutes after any

:21:18.:21:19.

tumours have been removed. It lasts around 20 minutes. The benefit of

:21:20.:21:31.

using this new device is that it targets the correct area with in the

:21:32.:21:37.

breast. It also saves patients time and the NHS money. One estimate has

:21:38.:21:44.

put the savings at ?15 million per year. It is a fraction of the time

:21:45.:21:51.

that would otherwise have been used. It is one hour in the operating

:21:52.:21:56.

theatre rather than 15 minutes everyday for three to six weeks. The

:21:57.:22:05.

treatment has so far proved to be as effective as conventional

:22:06.:22:10.

radiotherapy. It could transform care for many breast cancer

:22:11.:22:28.

patients. Nigeria's Health Minister has

:22:29.:22:36.

confirmed that there has been a patient confirmed with Ebola today.

:22:37.:22:43.

It is the world's deadliest outbreak to date. We know that the man came

:22:44.:23:06.

into Rhigos on Sunday. He was taken for medical treatment and isolated.

:23:07.:23:14.

-- Lagos. It took time to get confirmation as to whether this was

:23:15.:23:18.

Ebola virus. We then got confirmation that this was indeed

:23:19.:23:25.

Ebola, although they health officials here have not yet

:23:26.:23:28.

confirmed it. They were the ones that first reported this news about

:23:29.:23:33.

this suspected case. He was a man that was put into

:23:34.:23:37.

quarantine pretty quickly. Nevertheless he was on a flight no

:23:38.:23:41.

doubt full of other passengers that would have gone about their

:23:42.:23:44.

business, many into other bilious part of Lagos. -- other various

:23:45.:23:56.

parts of Lagos. They have said that this was contained from the airport

:23:57.:24:01.

and that the man only came into contact with health workers. It will

:24:02.:24:04.

take off well before we can know if there has been any spread of the

:24:05.:24:07.

virus so far. No confirmation of that. Considering Lagos and Nigeria

:24:08.:24:13.

has major challenges within its health care system it will be

:24:14.:24:17.

crucial at this stage for the government to watch and act, as many

:24:18.:24:26.

Nigerians would expect, in order to prevent the spread of the virus.

:24:27.:24:30.

Scientists believe that this rather scary-looking animal was

:24:31.:24:32.

the first creature to bridge the dinosaur and bird species.

:24:33.:24:34.

But now, the discovery of 150-million-year-old fossils

:24:35.:24:36.

in Siberia shows that feathers may have been much more widespread than

:24:37.:24:40.

Our Science Correspondent Pallab Ghosh has been finding out more.

:24:41.:24:53.

Sunday in the size were big and scary. And it is thought that they

:24:54.:25:04.

had scaly skin -- some dinosaurs. This creature is thought to have

:25:05.:25:09.

been the transition from day now saw -- from dinosaur to bird. It arose

:25:10.:25:20.

right around the age of the dinosaurs. But new research suggests

:25:21.:25:26.

that the arose much earlier, right at the beginning of when the first

:25:27.:25:31.

emerged. The discovery of this dinosaur in

:25:32.:25:40.

Siberia suggests that they began to develop feathers tens of millions of

:25:41.:25:43.

years earlier than previously thought. But some experts have

:25:44.:25:50.

doubts. This expert says that the feathers could be something else.

:25:51.:25:55.

There are number of features which are completely unlike feathers that

:25:56.:26:11.

we have seen on other animals. Some believe that it shows that dinosaurs

:26:12.:26:15.

had feathers from the very beginning and were widespread.

:26:16.:26:26.

The Israeli government is reported to have said that it is rejecting

:26:27.:26:30.

Gaza cease-fire proposal from the Americans as it stands but would

:26:31.:26:34.

continue to discuss it. The death toll in Gaza rose above 800 today.

:26:35.:26:43.

It is reported that many people in Gaza are now living within UN

:26:44.:26:48.

Good evening. The temperatures are about to start heading in the other

:26:49.:27:06.

direction. But we're only getting back down to near ready would

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normally be at this time of the year.

:27:11.:27:12.

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