08/08/2014 World News Today


08/08/2014

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The US said it targeted militants from the Islamic State group

:00:00.:00:00.

near the Kurdish-held city of Irbil - just hours after President Obama

:00:00.:00:00.

The World Health Organisation says West Africa can not manage the Ebola

:00:00.:00:09.

outbreak alone - and declares an international public

:00:10.:00:11.

A ten-year old boy is killed in Gaza,

:00:12.:00:18.

as Israel and Palestinian militants resume cross-border attacks.

:00:19.:00:22.

Together again - an Indonesian girl feared killed in the 2004 tsunami

:00:23.:00:25.

Almost three years after withdrawing its troops from Iraq, the United

:00:26.:00:50.

States has carried out military action against Islamist militants

:00:51.:00:52.

Just hours after President Obama authorised their use -

:00:53.:00:57.

the US launched an airstrike targeting fighters

:00:58.:01:02.

from the Islamic State, formerly known as ISIS, who now control large

:01:03.:01:04.

The attack hit artillery used by the militants near Irbil.

:01:05.:01:12.

Earlier this week, the Islamists took Qaraqosh,

:01:13.:01:13.

Meanwhile tens of thousands of people from the minority Yazidi sect

:01:14.:01:20.

remain surrounded and trapped on Mount Sinjar, without food or water.

:01:21.:01:23.

Today, the government here said British forces would assist

:01:24.:01:26.

in carrying out air drops as part of the humanitarian effort

:01:27.:01:28.

In a moment we'll get the latest from Washington,

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but first here's our Diplomatic Correspondent James Robbins.

:01:35.:01:40.

For months, the extremists of ISIS, now calling themselves simply

:01:41.:01:51.

Islamic State have been pumping out video

:01:52.:01:56.

as they seize more and more of Iraq, threatening

:01:57.:01:58.

Now for the first time, the Islamists have come under

:01:59.:02:02.

The Pentagon says two FA18 aircraft dropped laser-guided bombs on

:02:03.:02:05.

These are thought to be first pictures of the American strike.

:02:06.:02:11.

America acted because this city of Irbil is now under threat.

:02:12.:02:14.

There are US personnel there but President Obama is stressing

:02:15.:02:17.

To stop the advance on Irbil, I directed

:02:18.:02:23.

the military to target strikes against ISIS terrorist convoys

:02:24.:02:25.

But Washington is also committed to helping religious minorities

:02:26.:02:35.

These pictures of the Yazidi people fleeing for their lives

:02:36.:02:41.

on to a barren mountain without food or water shocked the world.

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And today, speaking from the mountain, one of their leaders

:02:47.:02:49.

The clash is now very close to where I stand.

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There are now clashes on the final line of resistance.

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They will kill all of us and we do not think we have enough time.

:02:59.:03:05.

Now the first supplies have reached some of the Yazidi.

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Iraqi authorities say these pictures, impossible to verify,

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The Yazidi religion is older than Christianity or Islam and that is

:03:10.:03:18.

enough to make them targets of the extremists who overrun their town.

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When we face a situation like we do on that mountain with

:03:25.:03:27.

innocent people facing the prospect of violence on horrific scale,

:03:28.:03:31.

and we have a mandate to help - in this case a request from the Iraqi

:03:32.:03:35.

government - and when we have the unique capabilities to help

:03:36.:03:38.

overcome a massacre, then I believe the USA cannot turn a blind eye.

:03:39.:03:46.

Let's look at the plight of the Yazidi people,

:03:47.:03:48.

forced to flee their homes and seek refuge on the barren slopes

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As this map shows, they took what?s really the only

:03:52.:03:58.

road up the mountains and we now have reports that some essential

:03:59.:04:01.

supplies including food and water have been delivered from the air

:04:02.:04:03.

But what if the extremists try to pursue them up the mountain?

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The hope must be that they can be spotted and attacked by American

:04:14.:04:16.

The other religious minority under threat is the Christian community.

:04:17.:04:21.

Their major centre, Qaraqosh, has fallen.

:04:22.:04:25.

Among those who escaped, some have reached Irbil.

:04:26.:04:32.

As Christian refugees streamed into Irbil, passing Kurdish forces,

:04:33.:04:40.

Iraq's persecuted minorities are urging the outside world to do more

:04:41.:04:42.

In Brussels, some of the extended families of the Yazidi

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trapped on the mountainside appealed to action to end the genocide.

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In London, an emergency meeting of ministers is authorised.

:04:59.:05:00.

Military involvement in relief missions is to drop aid,

:05:01.:05:02.

Our focus is on assisting the humanitarian

:05:03.:05:10.

mission and using our military in support of the Americans in terms

:05:11.:05:14.

of refuelling, surveillance and underpinning their mission, and to

:05:15.:05:25.

add to it with food drops of our own.

:05:26.:05:27.

The focus of aid drops will be the Yazidi, still out on the mountain.

:05:28.:05:31.

Their desperate plight has come to symbolise the wider threat to

:05:32.:05:33.

The BBC's David Willis is at the White House.

:05:34.:05:40.

We saw that Obama was adamant that this will not be a prolonged attack.

:05:41.:05:48.

Is anyone buying that? I have come from a briefing and the president 's

:05:49.:05:55.

spokesman was asked about the end date and how long this action will

:05:56.:06:01.

continue. He said there was no specific end date and it will be

:06:02.:06:04.

driven by the security situation on the ground. He added that military

:06:05.:06:10.

involvements, over a prolonged period, was not on the table at the

:06:11.:06:17.

moment for top that said, of course, these fighters are known to be well

:06:18.:06:20.

armed, well equipped and well trained. They are capable of going

:06:21.:06:27.

for the long haul as far as this conflict is concerned and this

:06:28.:06:31.

raises the possibility of mission creep, if you like. The President's

:06:32.:06:40.

spokesman has said he is adamant that this will not involve boots on

:06:41.:06:47.

the ground. America is back in Iraq but for how long? America wants to

:06:48.:06:53.

suggest that this is in need of a political resolution in Iraq. Yes.

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It is a situation that requires solving by the Iraqis themselves.

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That means getting our representative in place who is

:07:07.:07:12.

representative of all of the abuse. They see the Iraqi Prime Minister as

:07:13.:07:19.

the chief culprit for the deteriorating security situation in

:07:20.:07:26.

Iraq. Nobody is making the secret that they would rather he left.

:07:27.:07:30.

With me now is an expert on US foreign policy and the

:07:31.:07:33.

Middle East Majid Rafizadeh - he's an American political scientist

:07:34.:07:36.

The fact that once again the USA is engaged militarily in Iraq, does

:07:37.:07:49.

that mean US foreign policy has failed? What you are seeing here is

:07:50.:08:02.

the remarkable advancement of the Islamic States,

:08:03.:08:12.

the remarkable advancement of the towns in northern Iraq, particularly

:08:13.:08:25.

in Mo is all -- Mosul, and this has proposed strategic and political

:08:26.:08:32.

threats to the USA. I think, back to your question, the United States has

:08:33.:08:35.

definitely failed to diplomatically push the government to allow some

:08:36.:08:45.

kind of power-sharing government, an inclusive government, and to remove

:08:46.:08:50.

the corruption and authoritarianism in the states, and that is the in

:08:51.:09:00.

delaying -- the underlying reason. The United States was meant to leave

:09:01.:09:06.

behind a strong army in Iraq, and it is obvious they cannot cope with the

:09:07.:09:16.

ISIS extremists. That is correct. This will not put an end to the

:09:17.:09:25.

civil war or the sectarian war, or the atrocity we are witnessing. The

:09:26.:09:30.

military intervention from the United States is going to lead,

:09:31.:09:38.

probably, to another Civil War. The USA is sides with the government,

:09:39.:09:59.

and they are giving the Islamic State the tall to fight against what

:10:00.:10:03.

they would call American imperialism. There was some support

:10:04.:10:09.

for the insurgents in Iraq, and what is important is really finding a

:10:10.:10:20.

political solution in Baghdad and is getting a power-sharing government

:10:21.:10:30.

there. Widening this out, Islamic State fighters are fighting against

:10:31.:10:39.

Assad in Syria. We are in a complicated scenario here. Exactly.

:10:40.:10:46.

What is interesting is that you can see the emergence of the realignment

:10:47.:11:00.

of interest, Iran, Saudi Arabia, these countries are considered to be

:11:01.:11:11.

rivals. They have created a lot of adversity in the region. The one

:11:12.:11:17.

thing that the USA could have done was to be a facilitator or

:11:18.:11:22.

arbitrator between these countries in the Middle East who are trying to

:11:23.:11:26.

take a collective action against ISIS. You are correct, I think the

:11:27.:11:36.

remarkable advancement they had is a milestone in the movement, which was

:11:37.:11:46.

started after the US led invasion of Iraq in 2003. OK, I figure we will

:11:47.:11:52.

be speaking to you again, but for the time being, thank you very much

:11:53.:11:58.

for sharing your thoughts. We will continue to monitor that situation

:11:59.:11:59.

for you. Let's move on. "An extraordinary event" and an

:12:00.:12:04.

international health emergency - that's what the World Health

:12:05.:12:06.

Organisation are calling The agency also predicts that

:12:07.:12:08.

the outbreak is likely to go on for months and things are likely to

:12:09.:12:12.

get worse before they better. Almost 1000 people have already

:12:13.:12:15.

died as a result of the disease. Our Health Correspondent Feargus

:12:16.:12:18.

Walsh reports. How do you defend the world

:12:19.:12:22.

against ebola? It is starts with more help for

:12:23.:12:25.

West Africa. The worst affected

:12:26.:12:30.

communities lack the basics. Adequate protective clothing,

:12:31.:12:33.

trained medical staff The World Health Organisation says

:12:34.:12:36.

only international support will This is an infectious disease

:12:37.:12:46.

which can be contained. This is something

:12:47.:12:51.

which can be stopped. This depends

:12:52.:12:58.

on identifying everybody who has an Ebola infection,

:12:59.:13:05.

and making sure they receive the right treatment and making sure

:13:06.:13:09.

we stop the chain of transmission. Ebola is a viral infection

:13:10.:13:11.

which originates in animals, It spreads between humans through

:13:12.:13:13.

direct contact with blood The virus has an incubation period

:13:14.:13:17.

of up to 21 days More than half

:13:18.:13:22.

of those infected have died. Pneumonia kills 3,000 children a day

:13:23.:13:27.

- more than Ebola has in 40 years. The number of people who have died

:13:28.:13:42.

so far in this Ebola outbreak are dwarfed by those who died from

:13:43.:13:45.

Tuberculous every day for example. The numbers are small

:13:46.:13:51.

but the potential for an outbreak like this to go out of control

:13:52.:13:54.

and to spread, and the numbers to The threat to countries

:13:55.:13:58.

like Britain remain low. Even if Ebola did come here via

:13:59.:14:07.

a sick air passenger, health authorities are confident

:14:08.:14:10.

they can contain it with isolation The WHO has not called

:14:11.:14:12.

for travel bans but is urging greater health surveillance

:14:13.:14:16.

at airports in West Africa. In Liberia, soldiers are patrolling

:14:17.:14:22.

roadblocks, limiting travel It all adds to the fear

:14:23.:14:25.

among communities wondering It's been a day of renewed violence

:14:26.:14:30.

in Gaza today after a three-day Israel is again attacking Gaza,

:14:31.:14:40.

blaming Hamas for firing rockets And Israel has now pulled out

:14:41.:14:44.

of talks in Cairo, saying it won't James Reynolds reports from

:14:45.:14:50.

Gaza City. apart. The hospital may be the

:14:51.:15:27.

safest place in this strip of land. These families, who have lost their

:15:28.:15:32.

homes, have camped out in the hospital's grounds. This man sleeps

:15:33.:15:38.

here with his wife and their seven children. There are so many dead

:15:39.:15:45.

bodies in my neighbourhood, so I decided to take my family and come

:15:46.:15:53.

here. Shoppers at the market have taken their chance to go and get

:15:54.:15:59.

supplies. If there are rockets falling, we will have to stay at

:16:00.:16:04.

home. We would be able to work any more. Here, this man shops for the

:16:05.:16:10.

27 members of his immediate family. Stop this war, if you come and see

:16:11.:16:21.

my home, my home was for flaws, but now it is on the land. The

:16:22.:16:27.

cease-fire has been broken, so people here are going back to living

:16:28.:16:32.

day by day. They have to buy as much as they can right now, because they

:16:33.:16:35.

don't know what will happen tomorrow. The immediate future of

:16:36.:16:40.

the people of Gaza may be decided through further truce talks in

:16:41.:16:46.

Egypt. Before then, I have to prepare for anything.

:16:47.:16:55.

With me now is Ed Husain from the American think tank

:16:56.:16:58.

The conflict has two end and we have seen previous situations where after

:16:59.:17:15.

three or four weeks, matters come to ahead and there is a short term

:17:16.:17:21.

cessation of violence, but in the medium to long-term, they will come

:17:22.:17:27.

again and again to this violence until the Israelis realise they

:17:28.:17:32.

cannot contain 2 million people in this open-air prison in Gaza, and

:17:33.:17:38.

when Hamas realise they cannot secure long-term peace by rocketing

:17:39.:17:43.

innocent civilians in Israel. Unless both sides come to a recognition

:17:44.:17:47.

that the current mindset leads them to mutual destruction, there would

:17:48.:17:54.

be an end to this awful violence. You are talking about a complete

:17:55.:17:57.

rethink of what Hamas is all about. Yes, we often make the mistake of

:17:58.:18:04.

seeing Hamas as simply a terrorist organisation, but it is larger than

:18:05.:18:09.

that. I have had the good and bad fortune of meeting their people in

:18:10.:18:13.

various countries and they run a huge operation, from hospitals to

:18:14.:18:18.

orphanages, they care for the widows of their fighters. Israel is at the

:18:19.:18:24.

helm of pushing this image of Hamas as being only a terrorist

:18:25.:18:29.

organisation. In this country, one of the benefits the Irish peace

:18:30.:18:34.

process has offered globally is that yes, Sinn Fein had a terrorist flank

:18:35.:18:39.

that was the IRA, but there was also the political wing with which the

:18:40.:18:44.

Irish and British governments cut a deal.

:18:45.:19:01.

they be embraced as the solution it when they fire the rockets first

:19:02.:19:03.

like today. Israelis say Hamas when they fire the rockets first

:19:04.:19:10.

abandon violence and give up their arms, but in the UK, we found you

:19:11.:19:15.

abandon violence and give up their often had to turn a blind eye to the

:19:16.:19:16.

armed men and top to politicians, reaching a stage when

:19:17.:19:19.

the politicians can force politicians, reaching a stage when

:19:20.:19:24.

armed men to hand over their weapons. If we continue to ignore

:19:25.:19:33.

the political wing of Hamas, then what happens if the armed wing of

:19:34.:19:37.

Hamas have the strength they continue to have, because they are

:19:38.:19:40.

the guys that are fighting and they are the guys who have the strength

:19:41.:19:46.

to say they are fighting the resistance. So the psychological

:19:47.:19:51.

terms of approaching this conflict means to change. -- needs to change.

:19:52.:20:00.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:20:01.:20:03.

The murder trial of Oscar Pistorius has ended.

:20:04.:20:05.

The judge announced she would deliver her verdict on the 11th

:20:06.:20:07.

In his closing remarks, his lawyer said Mr Pistorius should have faced

:20:08.:20:11.

a charge of culpable homicide, not murder, over the shooting

:20:12.:20:13.

An investigation's underway after nine surrogate babies were

:20:14.:20:26.

They are believed to share the same Japanese father.

:20:27.:20:30.

The recent case of an Australian couple alleged to have abandoned

:20:31.:20:32.

a baby with Down's syndrome, has prompted efforts to overhaul

:20:33.:20:35.

Malaysia Airlines is to be removed from the stock exchange,

:20:36.:20:38.

taken over by the state and completely overhauled.

:20:39.:20:40.

The disappearance of a passenger jet in March and the crash of another

:20:41.:20:43.

airliner in Ukraine last month have added to the company's already

:20:44.:20:46.

Afghanistan's rival presidential candidates have signed

:20:47.:20:58.

a deal to form a government of national unity, four months

:20:59.:21:01.

Dr Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani had both claimed

:21:02.:21:03.

victory and accused the other of electoral fraud.

:21:04.:21:07.

The US Secretary of State John Kerry,

:21:08.:21:09.

who helped to broker the agreement in Kabul, called it an Afghan

:21:10.:21:12.

Our correspondent in Kabul, David Loyn, says there's optimism

:21:13.:21:17.

John Kerry, you'll remember, has been here before, and they said

:21:18.:21:23.

similar things three or four weeks ago when he came to really broker

:21:24.:21:28.

a deal at a time when it looked as though there may be a coup and

:21:29.:21:32.

genuine armed violence breaking out because

:21:33.:21:34.

But certainly the mood today was very different, very conciliatory.

:21:35.:21:40.

Abdullah Abdullah said it is a win-win situation.

:21:41.:21:41.

Ashraf Ghani said the time for competition was over,

:21:42.:21:45.

the time for campaigning was over, now they needed to cooperate

:21:46.:21:47.

together in order to build this government of national unity.

:21:48.:21:56.

And John Kerry, who put the deal together,

:21:57.:21:59.

said they have now agreed what he called the rules of the road.

:22:00.:22:09.

On Sunday, Turkey will hold a presidential election.

:22:10.:22:10.

It's the first time in the country's history that the position will be

:22:11.:22:14.

chosen, not by parliament, but by the Turkish public.

:22:15.:22:16.

Leading the race is the current Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip

:22:17.:22:18.

Erdogan, a politician with Islamist roots who has divided Turks.

:22:19.:22:20.

The star of Turkish politics continues to soar.

:22:21.:22:25.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan, aiming for glory in Sunday's presidential

:22:26.:22:27.

His firebrand rhetoric hits out at Israel and foreign interests.

:22:28.:22:35.

The rockstar politician pulls the crowds.

:22:36.:22:38.

Three times Prime Minister, Erdogan dominates the campaign.

:22:39.:22:46.

Islamist leaning, he's accused of mixing religion

:22:47.:22:48.

But fans of all ages can't get enough.

:22:49.:22:58.

He is working for Turkey, for everyone, for us, for women like me.

:22:59.:23:01.

Before women couldn't work in universities or other places, but

:23:02.:23:04.

This election has become a referendum about the man who's

:23:05.:23:22.

His backers say he has transformed this country politically

:23:23.:23:25.

His critics call him authoritarian and intolerant and say the cult

:23:26.:23:32.

Istanbul's skyline tells of his success.

:23:33.:23:39.

With massive infrastructure projects and EU candidate status, he says he

:23:40.:23:45.

But huge protests last year against a construction project

:23:46.:23:50.

Rage boiled over human rights and Erdogan's apparent autocracy.

:23:51.:23:58.

Eight died, including a 14-year-old, Berkin Elvan.

:23:59.:24:04.

His father says he went to buy bread,

:24:05.:24:07.

Without Berkin, we don't even know if we're alive or dead.

:24:08.:24:24.

The next target was an Islamic scholar, Fethullah Gulen.

:24:25.:24:26.

Erdogan baming his followers for leaks implicating the

:24:27.:24:30.

Critics say he is using a smokescreen.

:24:31.:24:36.

He is the victim and always, there are some certain enemies

:24:37.:24:39.

Enemies, foreign and interior, who are under trying to undermine

:24:40.:24:42.

Adored and hated in equal measure, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has polarised

:24:43.:24:53.

His ambition is lofty, but can he take a divided Turkey with him?

:24:54.:25:00.

A miraculous story now of a young girl seemingly back from the dead.

:25:01.:25:13.

A mother and father in Indonesia say that they've been reunited with

:25:14.:25:16.

their daughter ten years after she was swept in to the sea during

:25:17.:25:19.

Finally back together again after 10 years apart, this is the moment

:25:20.:25:26.

14-year-old Raudhatul Jannah and her family never thought would happen.

:25:27.:25:29.

Her parents gave up hope of ever finding her alive

:25:30.:25:34.

after she was swept from their home in West Aceh during the devastating

:25:35.:25:37.

According to Indonesian media, she was found more than 100

:25:38.:25:44.

kilometres away and raised by a family of fishermen.

:25:45.:25:49.

A decade later, a family member spotted a girl in a village

:25:50.:25:52.

walking home from school who bore a striking resemblance to lost girl.

:25:53.:25:55.

Raudhatul's parents visited her in late June.

:25:56.:26:01.

When I saw her, I knew she was the one and we also saw her photos from

:26:02.:26:07.

A remarkable reunion for one little girl and her family,

:26:08.:26:16.

One of Raudhatul's brothers, who disappeared when the tsunami

:26:17.:26:19.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:26:20.:26:59.

Warnings are still in force. But things are settling

:27:00.:27:00.

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