11/08/2014 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 11/08/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.


tens of thousands are on the road, running from the militants


Iraq's president has asked the deputy speaker


of parliament to replace Nouri al-Maliki as prime minister.


Turkey's Prime Minister becomes president.


He says it's a victory for all Turks, but he wants


We visit a hospital in London to see a procedure that uses cartilage


to create ears for children that are born without them.


Hello and welcome. We start with the crisis in Iraq.


Are we seeing the beginning of the end of Nouri al-Maliki's


He's determined to cling on for a third term in power,


even though the country's president has now nominated this man,


Haider al-Abadi, who's the Deputy Speaker of the House,


All this as tens of thousands of Iraqis are tonight fleeing


for their lives, desperate to avoid the advance of the Islamic State,


Many are stranded here on a mountainside,


and have been without the basics of life, proper food, water and


shelter, for seven days or more. Nick Childs has this report.


Leave in an desperate trek continues to some kind of safety. Some of the


thousands of members of the Iraq's Yazidi minority, fleeing the ad van


Sunday brutality of the sunny militant fighters now known as the


Islamic State. I had to work halfway here alone. I have three children.


This one is with me, but I have lost the others. I have not seen them or


my husband. I walked from the Sinjar mountains to Syria, walking. We have


the battle, sometimes, no more. In their anxiety to escape, some have


crossed perilously into the Kurdish rebel held areas of neighbouring


Syria, it's self a war wracked country where the Islamic State has


a powerful hold. So, this camp may offer relative


sanctuary for some, but certainly not real safety or a long-term


future. With the help of US air strikes, and there was another major


one late last evening, Kurdish forces in Iraq have retaken some


ground from the militants in the North. Washington says it is now


providing the Iraqi Kurdistan weapons directly, to try to turn the


militants tied. But in their own videos, the militants have been


parading their successes, and there is word they have also made a new


advance further south, close to the capital, Baghdad. It is the


humanitarian crisis of tens of thousands of Yazidis and other


threatened Iraqi minorities that has refocused international concern and


alarm on the threat posed by the Sunni militants, in Iraq and beyond.


Western governments are still trying to grapple with and understand the


scale of the challenge. As Iraqis continue to pour out of


Islamic State territory, a political crisis is emerging in Baghdad, with


a stand-off between the country's And, in a separate move,


Washington said it had begun to send weapons to the Iraqi Kurdish forces


to help them in the fight Our Diplomatic Correspondent


Bridget Kendall has this report. Much-needed aid, being dropped from


the US military planes to help trap Iraqi civilians as well as US air


strikes on the militants on Islamic State who threaten them. But this


crisis seems to be drawing the Americans in. Now, they have decided


to arm the Kurdish forces directly. In Syria, supplying their allies


with weapons was something the Americans wouldn't do in case they


fell into the hands of extremists. But now, those same extremists,


sweeping through Iraq, have got their hands on American heavy


weaponry anyway, looted from fleeing Iraqi soldiers. They flaunt their


war spoils jubilantly. The Kurds say unless they get more outside


military support, they will be helpless to stop them. So far, we


have been outgunned by the Islamic State, so this will help us to match


that. Frankly, if this had been done in Syria, if there had been an


intervention earlier in Syria, we wouldn't be seeing what we're seeing


now in Iraq. From their original stronghold in


northern Syria, Islamic fighters now control broad swathes of northern


Iraq, and after capturing muzzle in the north, they moved south to towns


like Tikrit, and now they are advancing east towards Kurdish


areas. It is not all one-way, though. Yesterday, Peshmerga


fighters retook to towns. But today, Islamic fighters reportedly seized


the town of Jalawla. Most at risk are the non-Muslims they threaten to


destroy, like the Iraqi Christians who fled Qaraquosh, and the ancient


communities lately is Edies, stranded on the barren slopes of the


Sinjar mountains. If they claim that they have seized the dam is


confirmed, they could control water or flood whole regions. Furthermore,


if they had taken the capital of US security relations, the biggest


danger of all, if they could claim control of the capital of the


country, Baghdad. And all of this attention there are rising. The city


is paralysed by a row over who should lead the country's new


government. This morning, the old Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, but


history is on the streets to back up his claim to stay on. In a counter


move this new president, invited the deputies and a parliament to form a


government instead, a move welcomed in London and Washington. Mr Nouri


Al-Maliki and his supporters have declared it illegal, and while the


bickering continues, the threat from Islamic State extremists edges


closer. Let's pick up on some of those


points. Laith Kubba is a former Iraqi


government spokesman and is now with the


National Endowment for Democracy. He joins us from


our Washington studio. Washington has already said that


they want to work with this new Iraqi government. What does this new


potential leader have that Nouri Al-Maliki didn't? It is going to be,


of course, an anxious 2448 hrs, but all indications are that the new


nominee, high Dalai baddie, has the major support behind him, and there


is a huge expectation and endorsement, so it is a positive


moment. I think the only concern, if Nouri al-Maliki really digs in, he


will rely on militias. It is extremely unlikely that anybody in


the Iraqi army would side with him. And he has been described, the new


man, as someone who is also a favourite of the Sunnis as well, so


finally someone who will bring together all sides of the Iraqi


government and Iraqi people. I think it is not a question of being


favourite of the Sunnis. I think the policies of Nouri al-Maliki really


alienate it everybody. He failed politically, he fails to


Administration, he failed when all the reasons for success were given


to him, and I think he is leaving behind Iraq in a dire situation, out


of control. I think the new man has the skills, the political seasoning


to make a fresh start. I hope that he would get the support from all


political sides, all political groups, to get Iraq through this


difficult spot. The list of tasks ahead of him are enormous. They are


not easy, and they are not going to be handled lightly.


The lists of tasks and is, as you say, enormous. We have this refugee


crisis in the north of the country. What do you make of the help that


the West is trying to provide? Will it be enough to stop Islamic State?


I think the situation is far more complex than dropping bombs dropping


aid. That situation emerged out of a complex regional dynamic that is


taking place, and outs of months if not years of failed politics in


Baghdad. So, to expect a quick fix is totally unrealistic. It will take


months. The good news, it is doable. ISIS enjoys no support from


any country or any constituency, not even the Sunnis. The only reason it


rose to prominence and to existence is due to the failure of everybody


else to do the right thing. Its strength comes from everybody


else's weaknesses and failures. So I think once there is a new momentum


in Baghdad, I am optimistic. It takes months, but it can be


contained. They can be gotten rid of. Let's hope so.


Thank you very much. We will continue to monitor the situation in


Iraq. Let's move on now. Staying in the region,


indirect talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators,


aimed at finding a long-term solution to the conflict in Gaza,


have been taking place in Egypt. After the bloodshed of recent weeks,


there are signs of normal life returning to Gaza, as a three-day


ceasefire continues to hold. Our correspondent, Yolande Knell,


sent this report from the Rafa border crossing, where much-needed


supplies are getting through. Supplies, rolling into Gaza today.


Coming across the border from Israel. Most of this is bought by


Palestinian businesses. And there is a too, but the Israelis imposed


tight controls. -- aid. Almost no exploits leave here. Now, with talks


about a longer term cease-fire deal back on in Cairo, maintaining


Israel's security and lived in Gaza's blockade at the key demands.


These lorries bringing goods into Gaza from Israel's only commercial


crossing point, which is just down the road. Palestinians want it to be


open more fully, so they can trade effectively. And then behind me, we


have the Rafa crossing point with Egypt. It has been mostly closed to


travellers for the past year, but Palestinians say it should be


Gaza's gateway to the world. Currently, only those with foreign


Gaza's gateway to the world. or residency can leave to Egypt.


Gaza's gateway to the world. being pushed to make difficult


compromises. TRANSLATION: We hope this crossing will be open full-time


in both directions, so people can travel abroad and come to Gaza.


Across Gaza, there are scenes of massive destruction. After five


weeks of fighting with Israel. But now, a temporary truce is


weeks of fighting with Israel. But families to think about rebuilding


their lives. Many are returning to the neighbourhoods they fled. And


not far away, some doing the same. Neighbours greet


each other as they go back to their properties near the Gaza border.


TRANSLATION: I am very happy. This is our home. We haven't been here


for a month and two weeks. The challenge now is to build on this


truce, so that the calm can last. Let's cross to Jerusalem, where our


correspondent has more. So, the second three-day cease-fire. How


confident are we that this one will hold? These are two parties who are


mortal, bitter enemies, and the fact they are still talking in Cairo,


Albion through Egyptian mediators, is a good sign. It also underlines


the importance of getting something tangible and long-term health of


these talks, because of course, nobody wants to be here in a few


months and talking about yet another Gaza war. We have had four in the


last ten years, so there is a lot of pressure on both sides to get


something, however minimal, out of this, but there is also some


pressure on the Israeli delegation, because there are many extreme


members to the right of the government here who think that the


Israeli delegation should not be in Cairo at all. They believe the only


way to avoid a future conflict was to have militarily crushed Hamas,


and they wanted their government and their army to continue the fight


against Hamas in Gaza, even though that would have led to more civilian


deaths, both in Gaza and of course, in Israel. So pressure from both


sides, particularly on the Israeli delegation, and perhaps something


hopes that some thing might come out of those Cairo talks before this


latest cease-fire expires on Wednesday.


For the time being, thank you very much.


Now, Now a look at some of


the day's other news. The World Health Organisation is


holding a meeting of its medical ethics specialists, to


explore the use of new, experimental They're considering


two key questions: should a medicine that has never


been tested be used, and if so, Close to 1,000 people have died


of the virus in west Africa. As the violence


in Ukraine continues, Russia is to send a humanitarian


convoy to the east of the country, NATO had warned Russia might try to


send its military into Ukraine under But Ukraine says they, and the US,


approve of this plan. Protestors


in South Africa have disrupted the testimony of the deputy president,


Cyril Ramaphosa, at an inquiry into the fatal shooting of 34 striking


miners by police two years ago. The protestors banged on tables


at the hearing in Pretoria shouting Mr Ramaphosa was a director


of the Lonmin company, which owns a court in Germany has begun hearing


evidence in the case of the autobahn shooter, a man accused of firing


more than 700 shots at vehicles on German motorways over five years.


One woman was seriously injured, and numerous cars and lorries were


damaged by bullet holes. The man told police that he was angry over


bad or inconsiderate driving. He's been prime minister of Turkey


since 2003 and now Recep Tayyip Erdogan has become the country's


first directly elected president. He's hailed his victory


as a new era for the country. And one


of his first actions was to call for more powers for a role that, until


now, has been largely ceremonial. He arrived for the crowning moment


of his career. He won a decisive victory, delighting his fans. He is


loved by his supporters for transforming the economy but hated


by his critics for being an autocratic man. He struck a


considerably toned. TRANSLATION: Today is the day we initiate a


social reconciliation process. Please leave aside the old


discussions, the old disputes and tensions. His rivals trailed far


behind. A little-known diplomats. The fact he ran at all was momentous


after 30 years of civil war between Turks and Kurds. As news broke of


the victory, the celebrations began. He is remembered by critics for his


attempts to ban YouTube and Twitter, and suppressing


anti-government protest. He is fair to everyone and the country has


developed many much. I am travelling to many towns because of my job and


the country has developed unbelievably. In Ankara, the party


went on well into the night. He has delighted his fans. Recep Tayyip


Erdogan is revered here for giving up political voice. The challenge


for him now is to reach out to the other half, the more westernised and


more secular half, and unite this polarised nation. He will now try


and increase the powers of the president. The result of this


election was never really in doubt but whether he can succeed as


president still is. With me is a Turkish political


analyst who lectures at Can Recep Tayyip Erdogan reach out


to a politically divided nation? During the election period, in his


candidacy, E polarised the nation further by putting forward the idea


that a group of people were not part of the Turkish make up. This led to


uproar and further problems so it will be interesting to see what he


does. However, he did put forward during his speech, as the incoming


president yesterday evening, that he does want to bring together all


Turkish citizens to be one nation. That will be an interesting sites to


see because he is famous for polarising. This idea that the


presidential role was mainly ceremonial, he once more powers,


presidential role was mainly that worrying? It is worrying. He


will lead Parliament and the government and he has the


constitutional hacking to do this. government and he has the


They will need more seats in the next general election to do this. --


hacking. They may need another party perhaps. It would be an interesting


situation. The incoming perhaps. It would be an interesting


really is making sure that he would like to have this


really is making sure that he would Putin situation. That is not going


to happen but having said that, of course, at the end of the month, the


AKP party will come together in Congress to decide who will be the


next Prime Minister, and we cannot really think that the incoming


president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, well not have an effect on this. It


is thought that the incoming Prime Minister will more than likely be


his right-hand man. He is someone who has Islamic ideals and is


someone who will not challenge what Recep Tayyip Erdogan would like to


proceed with. Thank you for joining us.


Each year around 100 children are born in Britain with a condition


in which one or both of their ears are missing.


The BBC has been given exclusive access to treatment at


London's Great Ormond Street hospital, where doctors create new


Kieran Sorkin is one young patient who's benefited from the technique


and our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh went to meet him.


Kieran was born deaf with just small lobes where his ears should be.


The nine year old has already had successful surgery to implant


a hearing aid, the small red box on his head.


Now he wants to look like other children.


I am going to keep this part but they are going to make


I don't want children bullying him because he looks different.


I just want him to be accepted like everyone else.


Kieran's new ears are to look like his mum?s.


This sketch will be taken into theatre.


cartilage from six of Kieran's ribs, shape and sow them.


Once inserted into pockets under the skin, a key moment.


Using suction, the skin wraps around the ears and they take shape.


This type of surgery is for cosmetic reasons and not to


improve hearing, so what difference does it make to the dozens


There's huge psychological benefits for them and I think that if you can


change the confidence of a patient at this young age, it will change


their whole trajectory in life so I think it is a very beneficial


procedure and you see that when they come back to follow up.


Within a decade, this kind of surgery could be done


Advances in tissue engineering mean that cartilage, indeed


the whole framework of the ear , could be grown in the laboratory.


Fat cells under the microscope , which will be turned


Far less invasive than taking material from ribs.


Three days after surgery and Kieran is getting used to having ears.


He will need another operation to complete the procedure but he is


Hundreds of people have gathered in an expensive store in Moscow to buy


a T-shirt with the face of Vladimir Putin on it.


They could choose from a range of images including the Russian


president riding a horse or picture of him in sunglasses.


The manufacturer says over seven thousand shirts were sold


This is one of the most expensive shops in Moscow so usually it is


All these people are queuing here in order to buy T-shirts,


They are T-shirts with Mr Putin?s image on them.


There is one more saying ?I can read your thoughts?.


I spoke to people in the queue and they told me they are ready to stand


They do admit that some politics is involved.


I will travel with it as if I am travelling with part


This is my motherland and it is my beloved president.


If I did not like it, I would not buy the T-shirt.


I met him a couple of times and he was a real gentleman, a regular guy,


Recently, Mr Putin has been strongly criticised by Europe and the USA


because of his position in the Ukrainian crisis.


Polls in Russia showed that 80% of the population support his position.


These queues today may be one more illustration of his support.


Organisers claim that Mr Putin is just a fashionable image


and they promise to give any money earned to charity.


It's rare that an event happens that only half the


But that's just what happened in the northern hemisphere,


It was the most dramatic of lunar events - the moon appears 14 per


cent bigger and 30 percent brighter than normal as it reaches the point


We'll leave you with some of the best images from around the world.


Hello. Comparing the weather today and tomorrow, the changes that we


are talking about are very subtle. We see the remnants of the hurricane


ain't sitting towards the north east


Download Subtitles