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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.
tens of thousands are on the road, running from the militants
Iraq's president has asked the deputy speaker
of parliament to replace Nouri al-Maliki as prime minister.
Turkey's Prime Minister becomes president.
He says it's a victory for all Turks, but he wants
We visit a hospital in London to see a procedure that uses cartilage
to create ears for children that are born without them.
Hello and welcome. We start with the crisis in Iraq.
Are we seeing the beginning of the end of Nouri al-Maliki's
He's determined to cling on for a third term in power,
even though the country's president has now nominated this man,
Haider al-Abadi, who's the Deputy Speaker of the House,
All this as tens of thousands of Iraqis are tonight fleeing
for their lives, desperate to avoid the advance of the Islamic State,
Many are stranded here on a mountainside,
and have been without the basics of life, proper food, water and
shelter, for seven days or more. Nick Childs has this report.
Leave in an desperate trek continues to some kind of safety. Some of the
thousands of members of the Iraq's Yazidi minority, fleeing the ad van
Sunday brutality of the sunny militant fighters now known as the
Islamic State. I had to work halfway here alone. I have three children.
This one is with me, but I have lost the others. I have not seen them or
my husband. I walked from the Sinjar mountains to Syria, walking. We have
the battle, sometimes, no more. In their anxiety to escape, some have
crossed perilously into the Kurdish rebel held areas of neighbouring
Syria, it's self a war wracked country where the Islamic State has
a powerful hold. So, this camp may offer relative
sanctuary for some, but certainly not real safety or a long-term
future. With the help of US air strikes, and there was another major
one late last evening, Kurdish forces in Iraq have retaken some
ground from the militants in the North. Washington says it is now
providing the Iraqi Kurdistan weapons directly, to try to turn the
militants tied. But in their own videos, the militants have been
parading their successes, and there is word they have also made a new
advance further south, close to the capital, Baghdad. It is the
humanitarian crisis of tens of thousands of Yazidis and other
threatened Iraqi minorities that has refocused international concern and
alarm on the threat posed by the Sunni militants, in Iraq and beyond.
Western governments are still trying to grapple with and understand the
scale of the challenge. As Iraqis continue to pour out of
Islamic State territory, a political crisis is emerging in Baghdad, with
a stand-off between the country's And, in a separate move,
Washington said it had begun to send weapons to the Iraqi Kurdish forces
to help them in the fight Our Diplomatic Correspondent
Bridget Kendall has this report. Much-needed aid, being dropped from
the US military planes to help trap Iraqi civilians as well as US air
strikes on the militants on Islamic State who threaten them. But this
crisis seems to be drawing the Americans in. Now, they have decided
to arm the Kurdish forces directly. In Syria, supplying their allies
with weapons was something the Americans wouldn't do in case they
fell into the hands of extremists. But now, those same extremists,
sweeping through Iraq, have got their hands on American heavy
weaponry anyway, looted from fleeing Iraqi soldiers. They flaunt their
war spoils jubilantly. The Kurds say unless they get more outside
military support, they will be helpless to stop them. So far, we
have been outgunned by the Islamic State, so this will help us to match
that. Frankly, if this had been done in Syria, if there had been an
intervention earlier in Syria, we wouldn't be seeing what we're seeing
now in Iraq. From their original stronghold in
northern Syria, Islamic fighters now control broad swathes of northern
Iraq, and after capturing muzzle in the north, they moved south to towns
like Tikrit, and now they are advancing east towards Kurdish
areas. It is not all one-way, though. Yesterday, Peshmerga
fighters retook to towns. But today, Islamic fighters reportedly seized
the town of Jalawla. Most at risk are the non-Muslims they threaten to
destroy, like the Iraqi Christians who fled Qaraquosh, and the ancient
communities lately is Edies, stranded on the barren slopes of the
Sinjar mountains. If they claim that they have seized the dam is
confirmed, they could control water or flood whole regions. Furthermore,
if they had taken the capital of US security relations, the biggest
danger of all, if they could claim control of the capital of the
country, Baghdad. And all of this attention there are rising. The city
is paralysed by a row over who should lead the country's new
government. This morning, the old Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, but
history is on the streets to back up his claim to stay on. In a counter
move this new president, invited the deputies and a parliament to form a
government instead, a move welcomed in London and Washington. Mr Nouri
Al-Maliki and his supporters have declared it illegal, and while the
bickering continues, the threat from Islamic State extremists edges
closer. Let's pick up on some of those
points. Laith Kubba is a former Iraqi
government spokesman and is now with the
National Endowment for Democracy. He joins us from
our Washington studio. Washington has already said that
they want to work with this new Iraqi government. What does this new
potential leader have that Nouri Al-Maliki didn't? It is going to be,
of course, an anxious 2448 hrs, but all indications are that the new
nominee, high Dalai baddie, has the major support behind him, and there
is a huge expectation and endorsement, so it is a positive
moment. I think the only concern, if Nouri al-Maliki really digs in, he
will rely on militias. It is extremely unlikely that anybody in
the Iraqi army would side with him. And he has been described, the new
man, as someone who is also a favourite of the Sunnis as well, so
finally someone who will bring together all sides of the Iraqi
government and Iraqi people. I think it is not a question of being
favourite of the Sunnis. I think the policies of Nouri al-Maliki really
alienate it everybody. He failed politically, he fails to
Administration, he failed when all the reasons for success were given
to him, and I think he is leaving behind Iraq in a dire situation, out
of control. I think the new man has the skills, the political seasoning
to make a fresh start. I hope that he would get the support from all
political sides, all political groups, to get Iraq through this
difficult spot. The list of tasks ahead of him are enormous. They are
not easy, and they are not going to be handled lightly.
The lists of tasks and is, as you say, enormous. We have this refugee
crisis in the north of the country. What do you make of the help that
the West is trying to provide? Will it be enough to stop Islamic State?
I think the situation is far more complex than dropping bombs dropping
aid. That situation emerged out of a complex regional dynamic that is
taking place, and outs of months if not years of failed politics in
Baghdad. So, to expect a quick fix is totally unrealistic. It will take
months. The good news, it is doable. ISIS enjoys no support from
any country or any constituency, not even the Sunnis. The only reason it
rose to prominence and to existence is due to the failure of everybody
else to do the right thing. Its strength comes from everybody
else's weaknesses and failures. So I think once there is a new momentum
in Baghdad, I am optimistic. It takes months, but it can be
contained. They can be gotten rid of. Let's hope so.
Thank you very much. We will continue to monitor the situation in
Iraq. Let's move on now. Staying in the region,
indirect talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators,
aimed at finding a long-term solution to the conflict in Gaza,
have been taking place in Egypt. After the bloodshed of recent weeks,
there are signs of normal life returning to Gaza, as a three-day
ceasefire continues to hold. Our correspondent, Yolande Knell,
sent this report from the Rafa border crossing, where much-needed
supplies are getting through. Supplies, rolling into Gaza today.
Coming across the border from Israel. Most of this is bought by
Palestinian businesses. And there is a too, but the Israelis imposed
tight controls. -- aid. Almost no exploits leave here. Now, with talks
about a longer term cease-fire deal back on in Cairo, maintaining
Israel's security and lived in Gaza's blockade at the key demands.
These lorries bringing goods into Gaza from Israel's only commercial
crossing point, which is just down the road. Palestinians want it to be
open more fully, so they can trade effectively. And then behind me, we
have the Rafa crossing point with Egypt. It has been mostly closed to
travellers for the past year, but Palestinians say it should be
Gaza's gateway to the world. Currently, only those with foreign
Gaza's gateway to the world. or residency can leave to Egypt.
Gaza's gateway to the world. being pushed to make difficult
compromises. TRANSLATION: We hope this crossing will be open full-time
in both directions, so people can travel abroad and come to Gaza.
Across Gaza, there are scenes of massive destruction. After five
weeks of fighting with Israel. But now, a temporary truce is
weeks of fighting with Israel. But families to think about rebuilding
their lives. Many are returning to the neighbourhoods they fled. And
not far away, some doing the same. Neighbours greet
each other as they go back to their properties near the Gaza border.
TRANSLATION: I am very happy. This is our home. We haven't been here
for a month and two weeks. The challenge now is to build on this
truce, so that the calm can last. Let's cross to Jerusalem, where our
correspondent has more. So, the second three-day cease-fire. How
confident are we that this one will hold? These are two parties who are
mortal, bitter enemies, and the fact they are still talking in Cairo,
Albion through Egyptian mediators, is a good sign. It also underlines
the importance of getting something tangible and long-term health of
these talks, because of course, nobody wants to be here in a few
months and talking about yet another Gaza war. We have had four in the
last ten years, so there is a lot of pressure on both sides to get
something, however minimal, out of this, but there is also some
pressure on the Israeli delegation, because there are many extreme
members to the right of the government here who think that the
Israeli delegation should not be in Cairo at all. They believe the only
way to avoid a future conflict was to have militarily crushed Hamas,
and they wanted their government and their army to continue the fight
against Hamas in Gaza, even though that would have led to more civilian
deaths, both in Gaza and of course, in Israel. So pressure from both
sides, particularly on the Israeli delegation, and perhaps something
hopes that some thing might come out of those Cairo talks before this
latest cease-fire expires on Wednesday.
For the time being, thank you very much.
Now, Now a look at some of
the day's other news. The World Health Organisation is
holding a meeting of its medical ethics specialists, to
explore the use of new, experimental They're considering
two key questions: should a medicine that has never
been tested be used, and if so, Close to 1,000 people have died
of the virus in west Africa. As the violence
in Ukraine continues, Russia is to send a humanitarian
convoy to the east of the country, NATO had warned Russia might try to
send its military into Ukraine under But Ukraine says they, and the US,
approve of this plan. Protestors
in South Africa have disrupted the testimony of the deputy president,
Cyril Ramaphosa, at an inquiry into the fatal shooting of 34 striking
miners by police two years ago. The protestors banged on tables
at the hearing in Pretoria shouting Mr Ramaphosa was a director
of the Lonmin company, which owns a court in Germany has begun hearing
evidence in the case of the autobahn shooter, a man accused of firing
more than 700 shots at vehicles on German motorways over five years.
One woman was seriously injured, and numerous cars and lorries were
damaged by bullet holes. The man told police that he was angry over
bad or inconsiderate driving. He's been prime minister of Turkey
since 2003 and now Recep Tayyip Erdogan has become the country's
first directly elected president. He's hailed his victory
as a new era for the country. And one
of his first actions was to call for more powers for a role that, until
now, has been largely ceremonial. He arrived for the crowning moment
of his career. He won a decisive victory, delighting his fans. He is
loved by his supporters for transforming the economy but hated
by his critics for being an autocratic man. He struck a
considerably toned. TRANSLATION: Today is the day we initiate a
social reconciliation process. Please leave aside the old
discussions, the old disputes and tensions. His rivals trailed far
behind. A little-known diplomats. The fact he ran at all was momentous
after 30 years of civil war between Turks and Kurds. As news broke of
the victory, the celebrations began. He is remembered by critics for his
attempts to ban YouTube and Twitter, and suppressing
anti-government protest. He is fair to everyone and the country has
developed many much. I am travelling to many towns because of my job and
the country has developed unbelievably. In Ankara, the party
went on well into the night. He has delighted his fans. Recep Tayyip
Erdogan is revered here for giving up political voice. The challenge
for him now is to reach out to the other half, the more westernised and
more secular half, and unite this polarised nation. He will now try
and increase the powers of the president. The result of this
election was never really in doubt but whether he can succeed as
president still is. With me is a Turkish political
analyst who lectures at Can Recep Tayyip Erdogan reach out
to a politically divided nation? During the election period, in his
candidacy, E polarised the nation further by putting forward the idea
that a group of people were not part of the Turkish make up. This led to
uproar and further problems so it will be interesting to see what he
does. However, he did put forward during his speech, as the incoming
president yesterday evening, that he does want to bring together all
Turkish citizens to be one nation. That will be an interesting sites to
see because he is famous for polarising. This idea that the
presidential role was mainly ceremonial, he once more powers,
presidential role was mainly that worrying? It is worrying. He
will lead Parliament and the government and he has the
constitutional hacking to do this. government and he has the
They will need more seats in the next general election to do this. --
hacking. They may need another party perhaps. It would be an interesting
situation. The incoming perhaps. It would be an interesting
really is making sure that he would like to have this
really is making sure that he would Putin situation. That is not going
to happen but having said that, of course, at the end of the month, the
AKP party will come together in Congress to decide who will be the
next Prime Minister, and we cannot really think that the incoming
president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, well not have an effect on this. It
is thought that the incoming Prime Minister will more than likely be
his right-hand man. He is someone who has Islamic ideals and is
someone who will not challenge what Recep Tayyip Erdogan would like to
proceed with. Thank you for joining us.
Each year around 100 children are born in Britain with a condition
in which one or both of their ears are missing.
The BBC has been given exclusive access to treatment at
London's Great Ormond Street hospital, where doctors create new
Kieran Sorkin is one young patient who's benefited from the technique
and our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh went to meet him.
Kieran was born deaf with just small lobes where his ears should be.
The nine year old has already had successful surgery to implant
a hearing aid, the small red box on his head.
Now he wants to look like other children.
I am going to keep this part but they are going to make
I don't want children bullying him because he looks different.
I just want him to be accepted like everyone else.
Kieran's new ears are to look like his mum?s.
This sketch will be taken into theatre.
cartilage from six of Kieran's ribs, shape and sow them.
Once inserted into pockets under the skin, a key moment.
Using suction, the skin wraps around the ears and they take shape.
This type of surgery is for cosmetic reasons and not to
improve hearing, so what difference does it make to the dozens
There's huge psychological benefits for them and I think that if you can
change the confidence of a patient at this young age, it will change
their whole trajectory in life so I think it is a very beneficial
procedure and you see that when they come back to follow up.
Within a decade, this kind of surgery could be done
Advances in tissue engineering mean that cartilage, indeed
the whole framework of the ear , could be grown in the laboratory.
Fat cells under the microscope , which will be turned
Far less invasive than taking material from ribs.
Three days after surgery and Kieran is getting used to having ears.
He will need another operation to complete the procedure but he is
Hundreds of people have gathered in an expensive store in Moscow to buy
a T-shirt with the face of Vladimir Putin on it.
They could choose from a range of images including the Russian
president riding a horse or picture of him in sunglasses.
The manufacturer says over seven thousand shirts were sold
This is one of the most expensive shops in Moscow so usually it is
All these people are queuing here in order to buy T-shirts,
They are T-shirts with Mr Putin?s image on them.
There is one more saying ?I can read your thoughts?.
I spoke to people in the queue and they told me they are ready to stand
They do admit that some politics is involved.
I will travel with it as if I am travelling with part
This is my motherland and it is my beloved president.
If I did not like it, I would not buy the T-shirt.
I met him a couple of times and he was a real gentleman, a regular guy,
Recently, Mr Putin has been strongly criticised by Europe and the USA
because of his position in the Ukrainian crisis.
Polls in Russia showed that 80% of the population support his position.
These queues today may be one more illustration of his support.
Organisers claim that Mr Putin is just a fashionable image
and they promise to give any money earned to charity.
It's rare that an event happens that only half the
But that's just what happened in the northern hemisphere,
It was the most dramatic of lunar events - the moon appears 14 per
cent bigger and 30 percent brighter than normal as it reaches the point
We'll leave you with some of the best images from around the world.
Hello. Comparing the weather today and tomorrow, the changes that we
are talking about are very subtle. We see the remnants of the hurricane
ain't sitting towards the north east