11/08/2014 World News Today


11/08/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.

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tens of thousands are on the road, running from the militants

:00:00.:00:23.

Iraq's president has asked the deputy speaker

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of parliament to replace Nouri al-Maliki as prime minister.

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Turkey's Prime Minister becomes president.

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He says it's a victory for all Turks, but he wants

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We visit a hospital in London to see a procedure that uses cartilage

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to create ears for children that are born without them.

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Hello and welcome. We start with the crisis in Iraq.

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Are we seeing the beginning of the end of Nouri al-Maliki's

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He's determined to cling on for a third term in power,

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even though the country's president has now nominated this man,

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Haider al-Abadi, who's the Deputy Speaker of the House,

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All this as tens of thousands of Iraqis are tonight fleeing

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for their lives, desperate to avoid the advance of the Islamic State,

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Many are stranded here on a mountainside,

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and have been without the basics of life, proper food, water and

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shelter, for seven days or more. Nick Childs has this report.

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Leave in an desperate trek continues to some kind of safety. Some of the

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thousands of members of the Iraq's Yazidi minority, fleeing the ad van

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Sunday brutality of the sunny militant fighters now known as the

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Islamic State. I had to work halfway here alone. I have three children.

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This one is with me, but I have lost the others. I have not seen them or

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my husband. I walked from the Sinjar mountains to Syria, walking. We have

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the battle, sometimes, no more. In their anxiety to escape, some have

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crossed perilously into the Kurdish rebel held areas of neighbouring

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Syria, it's self a war wracked country where the Islamic State has

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a powerful hold. So, this camp may offer relative

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sanctuary for some, but certainly not real safety or a long-term

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future. With the help of US air strikes, and there was another major

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one late last evening, Kurdish forces in Iraq have retaken some

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ground from the militants in the North. Washington says it is now

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providing the Iraqi Kurdistan weapons directly, to try to turn the

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militants tied. But in their own videos, the militants have been

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parading their successes, and there is word they have also made a new

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advance further south, close to the capital, Baghdad. It is the

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humanitarian crisis of tens of thousands of Yazidis and other

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threatened Iraqi minorities that has refocused international concern and

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alarm on the threat posed by the Sunni militants, in Iraq and beyond.

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Western governments are still trying to grapple with and understand the

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scale of the challenge. As Iraqis continue to pour out of

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Islamic State territory, a political crisis is emerging in Baghdad, with

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a stand-off between the country's And, in a separate move,

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Washington said it had begun to send weapons to the Iraqi Kurdish forces

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to help them in the fight Our Diplomatic Correspondent

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Bridget Kendall has this report. Much-needed aid, being dropped from

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the US military planes to help trap Iraqi civilians as well as US air

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strikes on the militants on Islamic State who threaten them. But this

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crisis seems to be drawing the Americans in. Now, they have decided

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to arm the Kurdish forces directly. In Syria, supplying their allies

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with weapons was something the Americans wouldn't do in case they

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fell into the hands of extremists. But now, those same extremists,

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sweeping through Iraq, have got their hands on American heavy

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weaponry anyway, looted from fleeing Iraqi soldiers. They flaunt their

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war spoils jubilantly. The Kurds say unless they get more outside

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military support, they will be helpless to stop them. So far, we

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have been outgunned by the Islamic State, so this will help us to match

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that. Frankly, if this had been done in Syria, if there had been an

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intervention earlier in Syria, we wouldn't be seeing what we're seeing

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now in Iraq. From their original stronghold in

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northern Syria, Islamic fighters now control broad swathes of northern

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Iraq, and after capturing muzzle in the north, they moved south to towns

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like Tikrit, and now they are advancing east towards Kurdish

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areas. It is not all one-way, though. Yesterday, Peshmerga

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fighters retook to towns. But today, Islamic fighters reportedly seized

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the town of Jalawla. Most at risk are the non-Muslims they threaten to

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destroy, like the Iraqi Christians who fled Qaraquosh, and the ancient

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communities lately is Edies, stranded on the barren slopes of the

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Sinjar mountains. If they claim that they have seized the dam is

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confirmed, they could control water or flood whole regions. Furthermore,

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if they had taken the capital of US security relations, the biggest

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danger of all, if they could claim control of the capital of the

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country, Baghdad. And all of this attention there are rising. The city

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is paralysed by a row over who should lead the country's new

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government. This morning, the old Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, but

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history is on the streets to back up his claim to stay on. In a counter

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move this new president, invited the deputies and a parliament to form a

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government instead, a move welcomed in London and Washington. Mr Nouri

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Al-Maliki and his supporters have declared it illegal, and while the

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bickering continues, the threat from Islamic State extremists edges

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closer. Let's pick up on some of those

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points. Laith Kubba is a former Iraqi

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government spokesman and is now with the

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National Endowment for Democracy. He joins us from

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our Washington studio. Washington has already said that

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they want to work with this new Iraqi government. What does this new

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potential leader have that Nouri Al-Maliki didn't? It is going to be,

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of course, an anxious 2448 hrs, but all indications are that the new

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nominee, high Dalai baddie, has the major support behind him, and there

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is a huge expectation and endorsement, so it is a positive

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moment. I think the only concern, if Nouri al-Maliki really digs in, he

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will rely on militias. It is extremely unlikely that anybody in

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the Iraqi army would side with him. And he has been described, the new

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man, as someone who is also a favourite of the Sunnis as well, so

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finally someone who will bring together all sides of the Iraqi

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government and Iraqi people. I think it is not a question of being

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favourite of the Sunnis. I think the policies of Nouri al-Maliki really

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alienate it everybody. He failed politically, he fails to

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Administration, he failed when all the reasons for success were given

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to him, and I think he is leaving behind Iraq in a dire situation, out

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of control. I think the new man has the skills, the political seasoning

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to make a fresh start. I hope that he would get the support from all

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political sides, all political groups, to get Iraq through this

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difficult spot. The list of tasks ahead of him are enormous. They are

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not easy, and they are not going to be handled lightly.

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The lists of tasks and is, as you say, enormous. We have this refugee

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crisis in the north of the country. What do you make of the help that

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the West is trying to provide? Will it be enough to stop Islamic State?

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I think the situation is far more complex than dropping bombs dropping

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aid. That situation emerged out of a complex regional dynamic that is

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taking place, and outs of months if not years of failed politics in

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Baghdad. So, to expect a quick fix is totally unrealistic. It will take

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months. The good news, it is doable. ISIS enjoys no support from

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any country or any constituency, not even the Sunnis. The only reason it

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rose to prominence and to existence is due to the failure of everybody

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else to do the right thing. Its strength comes from everybody

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else's weaknesses and failures. So I think once there is a new momentum

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in Baghdad, I am optimistic. It takes months, but it can be

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contained. They can be gotten rid of. Let's hope so.

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Thank you very much. We will continue to monitor the situation in

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Iraq. Let's move on now. Staying in the region,

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indirect talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators,

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aimed at finding a long-term solution to the conflict in Gaza,

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have been taking place in Egypt. After the bloodshed of recent weeks,

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there are signs of normal life returning to Gaza, as a three-day

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ceasefire continues to hold. Our correspondent, Yolande Knell,

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sent this report from the Rafa border crossing, where much-needed

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supplies are getting through. Supplies, rolling into Gaza today.

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Coming across the border from Israel. Most of this is bought by

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Palestinian businesses. And there is a too, but the Israelis imposed

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tight controls. -- aid. Almost no exploits leave here. Now, with talks

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about a longer term cease-fire deal back on in Cairo, maintaining

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Israel's security and lived in Gaza's blockade at the key demands.

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These lorries bringing goods into Gaza from Israel's only commercial

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crossing point, which is just down the road. Palestinians want it to be

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open more fully, so they can trade effectively. And then behind me, we

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have the Rafa crossing point with Egypt. It has been mostly closed to

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travellers for the past year, but Palestinians say it should be

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Gaza's gateway to the world. Currently, only those with foreign

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Gaza's gateway to the world. or residency can leave to Egypt.

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Gaza's gateway to the world. being pushed to make difficult

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compromises. TRANSLATION: We hope this crossing will be open full-time

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in both directions, so people can travel abroad and come to Gaza.

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Across Gaza, there are scenes of massive destruction. After five

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weeks of fighting with Israel. But now, a temporary truce is

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weeks of fighting with Israel. But families to think about rebuilding

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their lives. Many are returning to the neighbourhoods they fled. And

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not far away, some doing the same. Neighbours greet

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each other as they go back to their properties near the Gaza border.

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TRANSLATION: I am very happy. This is our home. We haven't been here

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for a month and two weeks. The challenge now is to build on this

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truce, so that the calm can last. Let's cross to Jerusalem, where our

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correspondent has more. So, the second three-day cease-fire. How

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confident are we that this one will hold? These are two parties who are

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mortal, bitter enemies, and the fact they are still talking in Cairo,

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Albion through Egyptian mediators, is a good sign. It also underlines

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the importance of getting something tangible and long-term health of

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these talks, because of course, nobody wants to be here in a few

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months and talking about yet another Gaza war. We have had four in the

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last ten years, so there is a lot of pressure on both sides to get

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something, however minimal, out of this, but there is also some

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pressure on the Israeli delegation, because there are many extreme

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members to the right of the government here who think that the

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Israeli delegation should not be in Cairo at all. They believe the only

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way to avoid a future conflict was to have militarily crushed Hamas,

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and they wanted their government and their army to continue the fight

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against Hamas in Gaza, even though that would have led to more civilian

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deaths, both in Gaza and of course, in Israel. So pressure from both

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sides, particularly on the Israeli delegation, and perhaps something

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hopes that some thing might come out of those Cairo talks before this

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latest cease-fire expires on Wednesday.

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For the time being, thank you very much.

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Now, Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. The World Health Organisation is

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holding a meeting of its medical ethics specialists, to

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explore the use of new, experimental They're considering

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two key questions: should a medicine that has never

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been tested be used, and if so, Close to 1,000 people have died

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of the virus in west Africa. As the violence

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in Ukraine continues, Russia is to send a humanitarian

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convoy to the east of the country, NATO had warned Russia might try to

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send its military into Ukraine under But Ukraine says they, and the US,

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approve of this plan. Protestors

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in South Africa have disrupted the testimony of the deputy president,

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Cyril Ramaphosa, at an inquiry into the fatal shooting of 34 striking

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miners by police two years ago. The protestors banged on tables

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at the hearing in Pretoria shouting Mr Ramaphosa was a director

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of the Lonmin company, which owns a court in Germany has begun hearing

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evidence in the case of the autobahn shooter, a man accused of firing

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more than 700 shots at vehicles on German motorways over five years.

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One woman was seriously injured, and numerous cars and lorries were

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damaged by bullet holes. The man told police that he was angry over

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bad or inconsiderate driving. He's been prime minister of Turkey

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since 2003 and now Recep Tayyip Erdogan has become the country's

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first directly elected president. He's hailed his victory

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as a new era for the country. And one

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of his first actions was to call for more powers for a role that, until

:15:34.:15:35.

now, has been largely ceremonial. He arrived for the crowning moment

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of his career. He won a decisive victory, delighting his fans. He is

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loved by his supporters for transforming the economy but hated

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by his critics for being an autocratic man. He struck a

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considerably toned. TRANSLATION: Today is the day we initiate a

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social reconciliation process. Please leave aside the old

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discussions, the old disputes and tensions. His rivals trailed far

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behind. A little-known diplomats. The fact he ran at all was momentous

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after 30 years of civil war between Turks and Kurds. As news broke of

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the victory, the celebrations began. He is remembered by critics for his

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attempts to ban YouTube and Twitter, and suppressing

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anti-government protest. He is fair to everyone and the country has

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developed many much. I am travelling to many towns because of my job and

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the country has developed unbelievably. In Ankara, the party

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went on well into the night. He has delighted his fans. Recep Tayyip

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Erdogan is revered here for giving up political voice. The challenge

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for him now is to reach out to the other half, the more westernised and

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more secular half, and unite this polarised nation. He will now try

:17:32.:17:40.

and increase the powers of the president. The result of this

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election was never really in doubt but whether he can succeed as

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president still is. With me is a Turkish political

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analyst who lectures at Can Recep Tayyip Erdogan reach out

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to a politically divided nation? During the election period, in his

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candidacy, E polarised the nation further by putting forward the idea

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that a group of people were not part of the Turkish make up. This led to

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uproar and further problems so it will be interesting to see what he

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does. However, he did put forward during his speech, as the incoming

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president yesterday evening, that he does want to bring together all

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Turkish citizens to be one nation. That will be an interesting sites to

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see because he is famous for polarising. This idea that the

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presidential role was mainly ceremonial, he once more powers,

:18:54.:19:01.

presidential role was mainly that worrying? It is worrying. He

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will lead Parliament and the government and he has the

:19:09.:19:10.

constitutional hacking to do this. government and he has the

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They will need more seats in the next general election to do this. --

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hacking. They may need another party perhaps. It would be an interesting

:19:19.:19:23.

situation. The incoming perhaps. It would be an interesting

:19:24.:19:31.

really is making sure that he would like to have this

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really is making sure that he would Putin situation. That is not going

:19:53.:19:56.

to happen but having said that, of course, at the end of the month, the

:19:57.:20:03.

AKP party will come together in Congress to decide who will be the

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next Prime Minister, and we cannot really think that the incoming

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president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, well not have an effect on this. It

:20:13.:20:20.

is thought that the incoming Prime Minister will more than likely be

:20:21.:20:32.

his right-hand man. He is someone who has Islamic ideals and is

:20:33.:20:39.

someone who will not challenge what Recep Tayyip Erdogan would like to

:20:40.:20:43.

proceed with. Thank you for joining us.

:20:44.:20:52.

Each year around 100 children are born in Britain with a condition

:20:53.:20:55.

in which one or both of their ears are missing.

:20:56.:20:58.

The BBC has been given exclusive access to treatment at

:20:59.:21:01.

London's Great Ormond Street hospital, where doctors create new

:21:02.:21:03.

Kieran Sorkin is one young patient who's benefited from the technique

:21:04.:21:07.

and our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh went to meet him.

:21:08.:21:12.

Kieran was born deaf with just small lobes where his ears should be.

:21:13.:21:19.

The nine year old has already had successful surgery to implant

:21:20.:21:22.

a hearing aid, the small red box on his head.

:21:23.:21:24.

Now he wants to look like other children.

:21:25.:21:27.

I am going to keep this part but they are going to make

:21:28.:21:44.

I don't want children bullying him because he looks different.

:21:45.:21:47.

I just want him to be accepted like everyone else.

:21:48.:21:54.

Kieran's new ears are to look like his mum?s.

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This sketch will be taken into theatre.

:21:58.:22:01.

cartilage from six of Kieran's ribs, shape and sow them.

:22:02.:22:13.

Once inserted into pockets under the skin, a key moment.

:22:14.:22:15.

Using suction, the skin wraps around the ears and they take shape.

:22:16.:22:24.

This type of surgery is for cosmetic reasons and not to

:22:25.:22:27.

improve hearing, so what difference does it make to the dozens

:22:28.:22:30.

There's huge psychological benefits for them and I think that if you can

:22:31.:22:39.

change the confidence of a patient at this young age, it will change

:22:40.:22:42.

their whole trajectory in life so I think it is a very beneficial

:22:43.:22:46.

procedure and you see that when they come back to follow up.

:22:47.:22:49.

Within a decade, this kind of surgery could be done

:22:50.:22:53.

Advances in tissue engineering mean that cartilage, indeed

:22:54.:22:56.

the whole framework of the ear , could be grown in the laboratory.

:22:57.:23:08.

Fat cells under the microscope , which will be turned

:23:09.:23:15.

Far less invasive than taking material from ribs.

:23:16.:23:20.

Three days after surgery and Kieran is getting used to having ears.

:23:21.:23:24.

He will need another operation to complete the procedure but he is

:23:25.:23:29.

Hundreds of people have gathered in an expensive store in Moscow to buy

:23:30.:23:49.

a T-shirt with the face of Vladimir Putin on it.

:23:50.:24:00.

They could choose from a range of images including the Russian

:24:01.:24:03.

president riding a horse or picture of him in sunglasses.

:24:04.:24:05.

The manufacturer says over seven thousand shirts were sold

:24:06.:24:07.

This is one of the most expensive shops in Moscow so usually it is

:24:08.:24:13.

All these people are queuing here in order to buy T-shirts,

:24:14.:24:17.

They are T-shirts with Mr Putin?s image on them.

:24:18.:24:26.

There is one more saying ?I can read your thoughts?.

:24:27.:24:33.

I spoke to people in the queue and they told me they are ready to stand

:24:34.:24:43.

They do admit that some politics is involved.

:24:44.:24:49.

I will travel with it as if I am travelling with part

:24:50.:24:52.

This is my motherland and it is my beloved president.

:24:53.:24:59.

If I did not like it, I would not buy the T-shirt.

:25:00.:25:02.

I met him a couple of times and he was a real gentleman, a regular guy,

:25:03.:25:06.

Recently, Mr Putin has been strongly criticised by Europe and the USA

:25:07.:25:11.

because of his position in the Ukrainian crisis.

:25:12.:25:13.

Polls in Russia showed that 80% of the population support his position.

:25:14.:25:15.

These queues today may be one more illustration of his support.

:25:16.:25:18.

Organisers claim that Mr Putin is just a fashionable image

:25:19.:25:20.

and they promise to give any money earned to charity.

:25:21.:25:51.

It's rare that an event happens that only half the

:25:52.:25:54.

But that's just what happened in the northern hemisphere,

:25:55.:25:58.

It was the most dramatic of lunar events - the moon appears 14 per

:25:59.:26:02.

cent bigger and 30 percent brighter than normal as it reaches the point

:26:03.:26:06.

We'll leave you with some of the best images from around the world.

:26:07.:26:58.

Hello. Comparing the weather today and tomorrow, the changes that we

:26:59.:27:10.

are talking about are very subtle. We see the remnants of the hurricane

:27:11.:27:12.

ain't sitting towards the north east

:27:13.:27:14.

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