21/08/2014 World News Today


21/08/2014

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United States launches more air strikes against Islamic State

:00:00.:00:35.

militants in Iraq. They are carried out despite the execution of James

:00:36.:00:37.

Foley. We hear from this American

:00:38.:00:41.

doctor who survived Ebola. Today is miraculous, I am thrilled

:00:42.:00:58.

to be alive, well and reunited with my family.

:00:59.:01:01.

Evacuations and high alert for airlines as this Icelandic

:01:02.:01:03.

The United States has launched more air strikes in northern Iraq,

:01:04.:01:19.

despite threats by Islamic State fighters to kill a second American

:01:20.:01:23.

It comes as more details emerge about the murder of photojournalist

:01:24.:01:29.

James Foley after footage was released showing him being killed

:01:30.:01:33.

The Pentagon says it attempted to rescue Foley and a number

:01:34.:01:39.

of other hostages in a secret mission in Syria.

:01:40.:01:43.

Meanwhile, the US Attorney General has opened a criminal investigation

:01:44.:01:46.

And in the UK, security services are trying to identify

:01:47.:01:52.

Militants demanded a ransom for him. -- for James Foley.

:01:53.:02:05.

Frank Gardner's report on the murder investigation contains

:02:06.:02:07.

Clues from a suspected killer, not much to go on, but every detail has

:02:08.:02:20.

been studied from Islamic State's video of their murder of James

:02:21.:02:28.

Foley. Jesus and reporter, who survived an earlier kidnapping in

:02:29.:02:33.

Libya, he was held for nearly two years in Syria. Reports say his

:02:34.:02:36.

captors demanded a massive ransom and later sent his parents and angry

:02:37.:02:47.

e-mail, telling them he was about to be killed. This former French

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hostage spent months with him, he got out because a ransom was

:02:58.:03:15.

reportedly paid. Being American, it was probably more targeted by the

:03:16.:03:18.

guard, eaten a bit more, probably. Many countries negotiate. I do not

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know what, if it is money or prisoner exchange. Some countries,

:03:22.:03:22.

like America, but also the UK, do not. The manhunt will be zeroing in

:03:23.:03:23.

on the Syrian stronghold of Islamic State. These are weapons they

:03:24.:03:25.

captured this summer from the Iraqi army. Most of their foreign hostages

:03:26.:03:25.

are being held under jihadist control. Reports say they had three

:03:26.:03:28.

British guards watching over them, who often beat them. There are

:03:29.:03:33.

believed to be at least 20 others held, including this American

:03:34.:03:37.

journalist. It is only a matter of time before MI5 or the FBI

:03:38.:03:42.

identified the man who killed James Foley. Pinpointing where he is now

:03:43.:03:49.

we'll be harder, and ringing the suspect out of the country that is

:03:50.:03:53.

already torn apart by war and with similar because it is taking place

:03:54.:03:59.

every day will be almost impossible. The area where most foreign hostages

:04:00.:04:03.

are believed to be held has become a magnet for British jihadist. It is

:04:04.:04:10.

very likely we will discover his identity in the next days. We have a

:04:11.:04:15.

lot more means of finding out who that guy is reduced to have, 20 or

:04:16.:04:21.

30 years ago. Maybe 80% of the foreign fighters are involved in

:04:22.:04:26.

social media, they have Facebook accounts, Twitter accounts, they

:04:27.:04:30.

give away a lot of clues in terms of height,

:04:31.:04:33.

give away a lot of clues in terms of voice. Last month, America sent in

:04:34.:04:38.

commandos like these in a failed attempt to free it captured in

:04:39.:04:44.

Syria. Those who are held remain a massive propaganda tool in the

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jihadists' armoury. Well, despite threats by

:04:48.:04:50.

Islamic State to murder another American hostage, there were another

:04:51.:04:52.

six US air strikes today. Iraqi forces are also understood to

:04:53.:04:54.

have attacked the jihadists in Anbar province, and they're battling

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Islamic fighters in Tikrit. Our correspondent Jeremy Cooke sent

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this report from the front line It is time to fight back. The Iraqi

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army in full retreat just weeks ago, now taking on the Islamic State

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with maximum firepower. These special forces near Tikrit, facing

:05:29.:05:38.

fanatical fighters, but victory will not come easy. Outside, the front

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fanatical fighters, but victory will line is hardening. Here,

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Kurdish - motor, who fought the enemy to a standstill. Look down the

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barrel, across the river, 50 metres over the bridge, the black flag of

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the Islamic State. Everything it stands for as well. The staggering

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thing is how close the front lines. We have seen movement just over on

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the other side. These fighters say they are determined to protect their

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people, protect their homes. Several attacks have already been repelled.

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Their commander says his troops are ready to give their blood and

:06:22.:06:21.

lives. But they need help. ready to give their blood and

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asking the international community and European countries for weapons,

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he says. Our enemy has sophisticated and European countries for weapons,

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weapons. Hours are good, but we need better. There is no panic here, the

:06:39.:06:45.

people have faith in their fighting men, who defend the city. The

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governor told me he remains confident that the Islamic State

:06:50.:06:53.

will be defeated. It is a dangerous enemy. Not only the enemy of Iraq or

:06:54.:07:04.

Syria, it is the enemy that can go anywhere in this world. It may be a

:07:05.:07:09.

global issue, but for now, the future of the Islamic State will be

:07:10.:07:12.

determined on the battlefields of Syria and Iraq.

:07:13.:07:18.

Richard Barrett is a former head of counter terrorism at MI6 in the UK

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and a former coordinator of the UN's Al-Qaida-Taliban Monitoring Team.

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He's now Senior Vice President of the Soufan private security

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Group, and joins me via webcam from near New Yor

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Ultimately, did you think it will be possible to capture and identify the

:07:42.:07:49.

killers of James Foley? I do think it will be possible to identify

:07:50.:07:57.

them, yes. Not only will previous hostages have something to say, and

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his boys could be found on social media, -- his voice -- but there is

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also a whole community that he came from, people he was dealing with,

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and there will be many of them, if not all of them, who will be

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horrified by this video and would be willing to help the authorities

:08:20.:08:23.

track him down. I am relatively confident he will be identified. As

:08:24.:08:27.

for catching him, that is another matter. But there is a long time

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ahead, and nobody will forget about this. Ultimately, this act opens up

:08:33.:08:39.

a Pandora's box of political problems when it comes to what one

:08:40.:08:45.

does when one has already identified the killing, whoever has killed

:08:46.:08:52.

James Foley, what the US and UK forces then do. Indeed. He is likely

:08:53.:09:01.

to stay in Syria or Iraq for the foreseeable future, but let's hope

:09:02.:09:06.

that those countries settle down and there is more stability. But even

:09:07.:09:11.

before that, there will be a lot of local people, local tribesmen, who

:09:12.:09:16.

are also horrified at what the Islamic State are doing against

:09:17.:09:20.

their own people as well as against James Foley. They will also be

:09:21.:09:24.

willing to identify who the killers are or where they are. And help

:09:25.:09:31.

British and American justice, if we can call it that, to get hold of

:09:32.:09:36.

them, even if they do so for financial reason, that will still be

:09:37.:09:41.

a good result. Barack Obama has already said the US will not scale

:09:42.:09:45.

back its military actions, they have already launched more air strikes in

:09:46.:09:49.

northern Iraq, that the issue of remaining hostages is still a large

:09:50.:09:55.

issue. It is a very large issue, and that is why they have hostages. It

:09:56.:10:02.

is a business, a money making, but as you said earlier, with British

:10:03.:10:09.

and American hostages held, they know they will not get money, so

:10:10.:10:13.

they use them for other purposes, and with James Foley, it was to

:10:14.:10:19.

terrorise people, to re-emphasise their brutality, and perhaps put

:10:20.:10:23.

pressure on the American and British and other governments not to take

:10:24.:10:27.

action against them. There is no way the American government will be

:10:28.:10:31.

blackmailed, so the additional and strikes are hardly surprising. What

:10:32.:10:36.

to do think of the indications of this act on the wider political

:10:37.:10:40.

thinking towards the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria? It confirms what

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they are. They may have claimed they were just trying to create a new

:10:50.:10:52.

state that would look after people in a better way than current leaders

:10:53.:10:57.

in the middle east, and that is no longer tenable, that argument, we

:10:58.:11:02.

see what they are, they are the same as Al-Qaeda and other international

:11:03.:11:04.

terrorist groups. They have an agenda which tends entirely on them

:11:05.:11:11.

imposing their own will on people and enforcing their rules, come what

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may, even to the extent of killing people.

:11:15.:11:18.

Bank of America has agreed to pay almost $17 billion in a settlement

:11:19.:11:22.

with the US Department of Justice over questionable mortgages.

:11:23.:11:26.

It's the largest sum to be paid as a result of the fallout

:11:27.:11:29.

Why is this fine so big? If you asked the Justice Department, they

:11:30.:11:50.

would say, consider how many millions of Americans were affected

:11:51.:11:54.

by these mortgage backed securities and how many billions of dollars

:11:55.:11:58.

were lost during the financial crisis. You look at how there are

:11:59.:12:03.

still millions of Americans who are still trying to recover from what

:12:04.:12:06.

happened in the financial crisis, if you take that into consideration,

:12:07.:12:12.

the $17 billion does not seem so large. But it is one of the largest

:12:13.:12:20.

fines we have ever seen, on a single US corporation, and it trumps the

:12:21.:12:24.

fines we have seen in the past for these kinds of things, on the part

:12:25.:12:35.

of JP Morgan, $13 billion, or Citigroup, $7 billion. This had to

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do with these mortgage-backed securities, the financial

:12:40.:12:44.

instruments that were lumped in with the faulty mortgages and sold to

:12:45.:12:47.

investors as if they were safe. We know now that that led to the

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financial crisis, and ever since then, the US Department of Justice

:12:53.:12:57.

and the Barack Obama administration has been trying to call many of

:12:58.:13:04.

these banks into question and to seek justice in terms of what their

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role was in the financial crisis. The size of this fine, will it come

:13:10.:13:14.

as a shock to the Bank of America? They helped -- how have they

:13:15.:13:23.

reacted? There are a key things with this. We have known that this fine

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has been coming for many weeks. The actual sum has also been bandied

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about, at one point we were hearing 13 billion, then the 17 billion was

:13:36.:13:41.

around, so it did not come as a total shock to investors that they

:13:42.:13:45.

were going to be lumped with this kind of fine. As it is with every

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other bank when they are facing these charges, on the park of Bank

:13:51.:13:55.

of America, they are really happy to be able to put it behind them and

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continue on with business, knowing that almost everything related to

:14:03.:14:05.

the financial crisis has now finally been dealt with.

:14:06.:14:10.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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Hamas has announced that three of its senior military commanders

:14:14.:14:15.

have been killed by Israeli airstrikes on Gaza.

:14:16.:14:18.

Israel said the men were key to militant

:14:19.:14:20.

Thousands have joined the funeral processions of the three commanders.

:14:21.:14:26.

At least 50 people have been killed in Gaza since

:14:27.:14:29.

A forensic inquiry by India's premier laboratory has concluded

:14:30.:14:37.

that two girls found hanging from a tree in May were not

:14:38.:14:41.

sexually assaulted, contrary to the findings of an earlier post-mortem.

:14:42.:14:46.

Five men are being held on suspicion of involvement but are due to be

:14:47.:14:49.

Marina Silva, the internationally-acclaimed

:14:50.:14:55.

environmental campaigner, has been chosen by Brazil's Socialist Party

:14:56.:14:57.

She replaces Eduardo Campos, who was killed last week in a plane crash.

:14:58.:15:05.

Ms Silva is seen as a leading challenger to President Dilma

:15:06.:15:08.

Ireland's former Prime Minister, Albert Reynolds, has died.

:15:09.:15:23.

Mr Reynolds helped to shape the peace process in

:15:24.:15:27.

Northern Ireland, pushing for the IRA ceasefire with his British

:15:28.:15:29.

He served as prime minister between 1992 and 1994.

:15:30.:15:41.

South Africa has said it is banning all travellers from Guinea,

:15:42.:15:43.

Liberia and Sierra Leone from entering the country,

:15:44.:15:45.

apart from its own citizens - over fears of the Ebola virus spreading.

:15:46.:15:50.

The news comes as two American aid workers who were

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infected with the virus in Africa have been discharged from an Atlanta

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hospital where they were treated with experimental drugs.

:15:58.:16:01.

One of them - Dr. Kent Brantly - had this to say.

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Liberia, the use of an experimental drug and the expertise and resources

:16:08.:16:16.

life -the direct answer to thousands and thousands of prayers.

:16:17.:16:23.

I am incredibly thankful to all those who were involved in my care,

:16:24.:16:28.

from the first day of my illness all the way up to today,

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With me is the BBC's health reporter, Smitha Mundasad.

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Extraordinary to see him looking so well. What happened today?

:16:47.:16:52.

The American aid workers were flown to this hospital earlier this month.

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They received top-notch care of there. We did not get many details

:16:58.:17:01.

but we know they had access to intensive care therapy and access to

:17:02.:17:06.

an experimental drug. They have made a very good recovery. A remarkable

:17:07.:17:11.

recovery, the doctors say. Now they are looking to see whether other

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people could recover like this. They want to learn some lessons from

:17:16.:17:18.

this. They admit that the health facilities in the US are very

:17:19.:17:21.

different to the ones in West Africa.

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Indeed, and he refers to that experimental, untested drugs. We

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still know that more than 50% of individuals infected will die. The

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death toll currently stands at over 1000. What makes this outbreak

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different to previous ones? This is a different strain so some

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outbreaks have had rates of up to 90% of people dying who were

:17:51.:17:54.

infected. This strain is more concerning because actually it has

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moved from rural areas into urban areas so more people are affected.

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Or people are dying. Let's go back to your initial point

:18:03.:18:06.

about what happens in America is sometimes different to what happens

:18:07.:18:10.

in West Africa, where the majority of victims... The World Health

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Organisation has said that supplies are exhausted.

:18:25.:18:29.

We're not sure if this drug actually works. The doctors in the American

:18:30.:18:32.

Hospital were careful to say it was more likely to be the standard

:18:33.:18:35.

facilities in this hospital that really helps them. These were the

:18:36.:18:40.

two first people to receive this drug and, scientifically, it is hard

:18:41.:18:43.

to prove when just two people are receiving a drug that it does work.

:18:44.:18:47.

There have been reports that Liberian doctors who have received

:18:48.:18:50.

the drug are improving, but there are other reports that a Spanish

:18:51.:18:54.

priest who also receive the drug sadly died. It is very difficult to

:18:55.:18:57.

say that the drug actually has any positive effect.

:18:58.:18:58.

IQ. The Pakistani opposition leader

:18:59.:19:01.

Imran Khan says he is pulling out of talks with the government until

:19:02.:19:04.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resigns. The two sides began discussions last

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night, after thousands of opposition supporters occupied a high-security

:19:07.:19:13.

zone in front of parliament. Our correspondent Shahzeb Jillani

:19:14.:19:15.

has been out among those protestors. These protesters are continuing to

:19:16.:19:20.

occupy this main road in front This place is called

:19:21.:19:24.

the Constitution Avenue. It's now more than a week since this

:19:25.:19:29.

anti-government campaign began. Thousands of these activists, many

:19:30.:19:42.

of them women, have been camping They say they will not move

:19:43.:19:46.

until the government resigns. For the government,

:19:47.:19:52.

the demand for the prime Minister's Earlier today, in the building

:19:53.:19:55.

behind me, the parliament also passed a unanimous resolution,

:19:56.:19:59.

supported by opposition parties, that demands by these protesters for

:20:00.:20:02.

the dismissal of the government and the dissolution of the

:20:03.:20:07.

National Assembly are unconstitutional. The Pakistani army

:20:08.:20:12.

has urged all parties to exercise restraint and try to resolve this

:20:13.:20:16.

turmoil through dialogue. It's not entirely clear how

:20:17.:20:20.

this confrontation will end. Both Imran Khan and Dr Tahirul Qadri

:20:21.:20:22.

are saying they want the government to resign, something

:20:23.:20:26.

the government and the parliament Ukrainian border guards are reported

:20:27.:20:29.

to have begun checks on 270 trucks in a Russian aid convoy heading

:20:30.:20:39.

for the rebel-held east of Ukraine. It's not clear if any trucks

:20:40.:20:44.

have crossed into Ukraine. Earlier, the International Red Cross

:20:45.:20:47.

issued specific instructions to They were told that the trucks must

:20:48.:20:49.

drive through a Ukrainian controlled border post and then directly to the

:20:50.:20:55.

delivery point without stopping. Each vehicle must have a Red Cross

:20:56.:20:59.

escort at all Now a look at some That quintessential American export

:21:00.:21:03.

- the McDonald's restaurant - is Several have been closed in Moscow

:21:04.:21:12.

for alleged health infringements. It comes at a time

:21:13.:21:16.

of deteriorating diplomatic relations between Washington and

:21:17.:21:18.

Moscow, as our Moscow Correspondent, This is Pushkin Square

:21:19.:21:20.

in the heart of Moscow. Every time I come here I remember

:21:21.:21:25.

the date, nearly 25 years ago, when Russia's first McDonald's

:21:26.:21:29.

opened its doors in the USSR. I was studying in Moscow

:21:30.:21:33.

at the time and I came The crowds that day were

:21:34.:21:36.

absolutely incredible. The queue went all

:21:37.:21:42.

the way round Pushkin Square. It took me three hours to get

:21:43.:21:44.

inside and be served, such was the level of excitement

:21:45.:21:48.

here that American burgers had burst through the Iron Curtain

:21:49.:21:52.

and were being served up in Moscow. They have ordered three of

:21:53.:21:56.

Moscow's McDonald's restaurants to be temporarily closed,

:21:57.:22:04.

citing sanitary violations. There will be more checks

:22:05.:22:07.

at more McDonald's across Russia. Centrestage now are Russian

:22:08.:22:10.

products, after Moscow banned imports of meat,

:22:11.:22:19.

dairy, fruit and vegetables It's the Kremlin's response

:22:20.:22:22.

to Western sanctions. But are Muscovites really

:22:23.:22:29.

bothered about the burgers? Personally,

:22:30.:22:34.

I prefer beetroot soup and Russian This is 99 percent politics,

:22:35.:22:39.

she tells me. Russia is looking

:22:40.:22:47.

for ways to hit back at the West. We did find someone at McDonald's

:22:48.:22:50.

today, this cow mascot for a Russian Part of Iceland has been evacuated

:22:51.:22:53.

amid growing fears that the country's Bardarbunga volcano

:22:54.:23:07.

could be about to erupt. In the past 24 hours,

:23:08.:23:09.

there's been around 1,000 This graphic from the

:23:10.:23:13.

Icelandic Met Office marks each one of those earthquakes -

:23:14.:23:20.

you can see just how deep they are. The volcano is inside a national

:23:21.:23:23.

park that's popular with tourists. The warning's raised fears that

:23:24.:23:29.

there could be a repeat of Professor Dougal Jerram is

:23:30.:23:32.

a volcanologist from the University He joins me from our newsroom

:23:33.:23:34.

in Birmingham. Thanks for joining us on the

:23:35.:23:43.

programme. How serious is the situation?

:23:44.:23:47.

Currently the Icelandic authorities have a cold orange and there is only

:23:48.:23:52.

one more level which is an eruption imminent. -- code orange. As magma

:23:53.:23:59.

works its way up through the crust, it can shake the ground and cause

:24:00.:24:02.

minor earthquakes. That is what the graphic shows, the vision of those

:24:03.:24:07.

earthquakes. They are also monitoring the ground, seeing

:24:08.:24:10.

whether the ground is rising with GPS, as magma comes in and swells

:24:11.:24:15.

the ground. They are quite concerned that an eruption is on its way.

:24:16.:24:22.

Any idea whether this could be as serious as the ash cloud situation

:24:23.:24:26.

that we had back in 2010? There are a number of possible

:24:27.:24:31.

scenarios. This volcano, in fact the whole area is one of the largest

:24:32.:24:36.

organic systems on the islands. In the past, it has had seismic tremors

:24:37.:24:42.

like these which have stopped. There is that possibility, but given the

:24:43.:24:45.

amount of earthquakes it is likely that there is some activity going to

:24:46.:24:49.

happen. There is a large ice cap which this volcano lies underneath.

:24:50.:24:54.

Sometimes, when it erupts, it does not actually breached the top of the

:24:55.:24:58.

ice cap, it just melt a lot of ice beneath, but that can be quite

:24:59.:25:03.

treacherous to any of the villagers that the potential place your ad

:25:04.:25:06.

watch would cover. How soon after the volcano erupts

:25:07.:25:11.

will you be able to tell how serious the situation will be?

:25:12.:25:16.

In order to come up with a situation like two dozen ten, where

:25:17.:25:19.

Eyjafjallajokull corrupted, Derrida was actually a magma which had been

:25:20.:25:24.

stored in the shallow crust for some period of time and had gathered up a

:25:25.:25:29.

lot of gases and so actually that material was much more explosive

:25:30.:25:32.

than we would normally expect these types labour. Ultimately, when it's

:25:33.:25:39.

at rotting we will get a feel for how explosive the volcano is. --

:25:40.:25:44.

types of live art. First of all, it will not be ice underneath but we

:25:45.:25:47.

would be concerned if it breach the service. Their own minds, we also

:25:48.:25:54.

need the as cloud to go high up into the atmosphere and also we need the

:25:55.:25:58.

win is to be on the right direction to take that ash over Europe. There

:25:59.:26:01.

are number of different elements that need to come into place to make

:26:02.:26:08.

a similar situation that we had in 2010.

:26:09.:26:10.

Volcanoes have been ranting and I flagged for centuries. We only seem

:26:11.:26:14.

to really be affected by Nan in recent years. Why is that?

:26:15.:26:19.

If you spoke to the average Icelander, they would take a

:26:20.:26:21.

different view. They have been affected in the past by many of

:26:22.:26:26.

these glacial floods where the volcanoes erupted under the ice, the

:26:27.:26:30.

water melts, builds up and catastrophically floods the

:26:31.:26:35.

landscape. They have suffered a loss of sheep through poisonous gases

:26:36.:26:38.

from volcanoes. It has affected humans. It is only recently that we

:26:39.:26:46.

have our easyJet and Ryanair... I'm afraid we will have to leave it

:26:47.:26:51.

Hello. At bit of a mixed bag of weather for the next few days.

:26:52.:27:02.

Feeling fairly autumnal for some areas. Tomorrow, not a bad day with

:27:03.:27:06.

spells of sunshine and a few showers. Many places will stay dry.

:27:07.:27:12.

We are seeing this weather front seeking its way south rebirthing

:27:13.:27:13.

night

:27:14.:27:15.

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