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This is BBC World News Today with me Kasia Madera.
Another twist in the conflict in Iraq as an attack on a mosque
in the province of Diyala leaves over 60 Sunnis dead.
The fight against Islamic State continues and there's debate
in western countries about whether to tackle the group
in Syria, which could mean working with the Assad government.
A Russian aid convoy arrives in the besieged city of Luhansk
in eastern Ukraine, the government in Kiev calls it an "invasion".
18 suspected informers for the Israelis are shot dead
by Hamas gunmen in Gaza, as more rockets hit targets in Israel.
From presidents to pop stars, find out why thousands of people
around the world are tipping buckets of icy water over themselves.
Dozens of people have been killed in an attack on a Sunni mosque.
Officials say a bomber blew himself up
The attack happened in the eastern province of Diyala, about 120km
The area has seen heavy fighting between Islamic State fighters,
who are Sunni, and Iraqi troops, backed by Shia militiamen.
Some reports say Shia militias carried out the attack, while others
say IS militants targeted local Sunnis who refused to join them.
IS forces remain present in large parts of Iraq and Syria.
The Syrian government is reported to have killed 70 Islamic State
jihadist fighters in the last 48 hours of fighting .The
It is going to be a long battle. Kurdish fighters have
themselves and are pushing back against Islamic State.
themselves and are pushing back the job. American air strikes
launched from carriers can have a decisive factor, but to hurt Islamic
State badly, they would have two target their power base in northern
Syria. That is why some voices are saying it is time to make a deal
with President Assad. On practical grounds, we have to consider taking
a deep breath and holding our nose and saying, it would seem to us now
that the extreme leave vicious and evil nature of Islamic State is
worse than what Assad has been doing and if any situation in history
where my enemy's enemy becomes my friend. The West's strategy so far
include the departure of President Assad. Britain says it would change
its mind about him. I have said often that one of the first things
you learn in the Middle East is that my enemy's enemy is not necessarily
your friend, you may find that the Arab mind against a common enemy,
but that does not make us friends. It does not make is able to work for
them. Islamic State controls part of Iraq.
Their power base is here. The US has said whatever it takes, but what are
the options? More air strikes. Doing that in Syria without the regime's
consent would be difficult. Work with neighbouring states such as
Iran, but building a coalition means getting tangled in difficult and
often bloody local politics. That is why there is talk about working with
President Assad. His Armed Forces have the intelligence and are well
supplied, but his price would be the end of pressure on him to go. A year
ago, Syrian Kurds fled to camps in Iraq in the face of Islamic State
advances. Now all they want as much help as they can to keep them
relatively safe. With the Syrian war merging with the sectarian
violence, the challenge facing anyone who wants peace comes twice
as big. Syria's war has been impossible to stop, no one yet has
much of a strategy to stop the war in Iraq, either.
Let's discuss the situation. From Beirut we're joined by Noah
Bonsey, Senior Analyst on Syria from We'll speak about the issues
surrounding Syria and the Western A lot of hope is being pinned on a
new Government in Iraq to be more inclusive, but when we see attacks
such as the Sunni mosque attack, what hope do you have? Today's awful
killings is another reminder. It is not simply the formation of a
Government that is threatened, if indeed it turns out that Shia
militias were responsible, that will only help the Islamic State's
recruitment inside Iraq. What we have seen is that the Iraqi
Government's dependence upon militias, similar to the approach
used by the assigned regime, has only fanned the problem. As well as
banning the jeopardy flames. -- fanning the jet
we had a horrific video beheading of James Foley and we are hearing about
a siege in a town where up to 20,000 Turkmen gets being held, it shows
how many fronts Islamic State is now fighting.
That is very true. One cannot simply focus on Iraq, ISO ignores the
border. We should too. We need to take the Syrian situation more into
account, but that means developing relationships with local forces. One
cannot just rely on air strikes or on government forces, be it Iraq or
Syria. Given their reliance on militias. These are all problems
that are helping Islamic State recruit among Sunnis and beyond.
It's the fight was taken into Syria, there has been a big discussion
about maybe President Assad needs to be brought into the conversation, do
you think that is something that needs to be done or can Western
forces just rely on local tribes? Local tribes would be sufficient.
There needs to be weapons and manpower. -- will not be sufficient.
In Syria, conditions are slightly better, there are rebel groups who
identify ISIS as an enemy. They are fairly well-organised, but they need
better organisation and better arms to be able to fight effectively
against ISIS and the regime. However, there does need to be a
broader strategy, I think, to address the systemic problems of the
governments of both of these countries and empower moderate
forces in general. Moderate forces are the enemy of both ISIS and the
regime. Thank you. We are out of time, it
was good to talk to you. Reports from Israel say
a four-year-old boy has been killed in a mortar attack near
the border with the Gaza Strip. It is the first Israeli death
since the collapse of ceasefire In Gaza, Palestinian militants have
killed 18 people, accused of being Eyewitnesses say six men were
grabbed from amongst hundreds of worshippers at Gaza City's largest
mosque and gunned down by militants. The killings come a day
after an Israeli air strike killed We will talk about Hamas in a
moment, but bring us up-to-date with the death of a four-year-old boy.
Police and medics are saying that in a few hundred meters away, several
mortar rounds fell and the only place you can be protected from such
things is inside one of the shelters that most houses in Israel have as
the Iron Dome cannot get anywhere near such short-range weapons.
Medics say the four-year-old was playing in his living room and got
struck in the head and was tragically killed. It was the first
death since the cease-fire was a few days ago after brokered talks. The
Egyptian Prime Minister has sent his condolences to the family and says
Hamas will pay. -- is really reminisce. There have been Israeli
strikes, and four others were killed in Gaza today. -- the Israeli Prime
Minister. Talk us through the executions of apparent Israeli
informers by Hamas. These killings take place quite regularly in Gaza,
but not usually in public and that is the key thing, these were 18
people killed in public, clearly a tactic of deterrent for anyone
thinking of passing on invading nation -- passing on information to
Israel. Some took place this morning and we believe some of the killings
took place after Friday prayers. All of this suggests that they are
trying to really get the message across that this passing of
information should not be taking place again. All the while, as their
studies -- as the hostilities continue, it is an Israeli strategy
to not negotiate whilst under fire, so the peace talks that seem to be
doing well at the beginning of the week seen so far away now. -- seemed
to be. More than 100 Russian lorries
carrying humanitarian aid have arrived in the eastern
Ukraine city of Luhansk. That's despite the convoy not
having permission to cross the Kiev calls the move an
"invasion" and a "violation of David, bring us up-to-date on the
whereabouts of the convoy. The convoy has entered Ukrainian
territory, we're not sure how many trucks have reached a Luhansk. Local
authority say some have gone there and the question is how long they
were last there and stay there and what else they will do? The trucks
entered Ukraine without Ukrainian permission, the Ukrainians say they
will not use force against the convoy, however, and this is how the
events unfolded today. In the end, Russian officials said
it could not wait any longer. After nearly a week on the Ukrainian
border, Moscow announced it would dispatch its aid, the -- its aid
convoy without Ukrainian permission. Moscow says it is sending a variety
of supplies, including water, electric generators and baby food.
We are certain we are doing the right thing, saving people's lives.
We blamed Kiev and country standing behind it that...
The Pentagon and lay the blame squarely at Russia's feet and said
there could be further actions against Moscow. Russia should not
send vehicles, persons or cargo of any kind in the Ukraine, whether
under the guise of humanitarian unvoiced or any other context.
Eastern Ukraine is a war zone and the fighting in the last days has
intensified. The Red Cross was meant to oversee the convoy in Ukraine and
the distribution of the aid, but officials from their say Moscow
decided to move forward without them. -- officials from Red Cross.
TRANSLATION: Because of a difficult security situation in Luhansk where
we are told about continuing violence, we do not have sufficient
security guarantees to accompany the convoy.
Ukrainian officials have viewed the convoy with suspicion. At best, a
propaganda stunt, at worst a cover for military operations. Ukrainian
authorities say they have only inspected if -- 34 trucks and now
the trucks are in Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan is it will be used for
military purposes. -- and Kiev. Ukrainian officials have said they
will not use force to stop the convoy. But they condemn it in no
uncertain terms. Where the trucks go now and how long they will remain
Ukraine is an open question. We heard someone from the Red Cross
saying they were not involved in this convoy. Can you explain an
elaborate why that is. Yes, the Red Cross was supposed to be very much
involved. They were supposed to supervise the movement of the
convoy. Eventually, they were supposed to reach a spot that they
would use as a base to distribute the aid. It would be off-loaded and
sent around the area. The Red Cross said they would not do this until
they received security guarantees and they said they did not go in
this time because these security guarantees were not available, they
didn't get them from the side that were fighting. The fact that this
convoy is entering without the Red Cross supervision is another point
of concern for people here in Ukraine as well as Western
officials. Now a look at some of the day's
other news. Nigeria has recorded two
new cases of Ebola. Health officials say two spouses
of people earlier infected with the disease have tested positive to
the deadly virus. Sierra Leone has passed a bill so
that anyone hiding big teams can be sent to jail.
Malaysia is observing a national day of mourning, as the
remains of the first 20 victims are returned home from flight MH17 that
In a sombre ceremony at Kuala Lumpur airport, soldiers carried
28 of the 43 Malaysian victims have been identified.
The number of people missing after a landslide in the Japanese city of
Hiroshima is now believed to be much higher than originally thought.
More than 50 people are thought to be buried under the huge mudslides.
That could put the eventual death toll from
Two buses have collided on the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, killing 33
people. The accident took place at the holiday resort -- 50 kilometres
from our holiday resort. Some people are in a critical condition.
Some of the most famous people in the world have been drenching
themselves in freezing cold water and posting the video online
in a fundraising stunt called the ice bucket challenge.
The clips have taken over social media in recent weeks, but despite
some very public nominations, some celebrities are now refusing to
take part and that includes perhaps the most high profile of them all -
He has tried his hand at most things but when it comes to be ice bucket
challenge, President Obama seems cold on the idea. The President's
predecessor was not so shy. George W Bush was soaked by his wife Laura.
It is unclear exactly whose challenge the president is refusing.
Justin Bieber was the first to nominate him. And 86-year-old
Kennedy family matriarch Ethel also named him after her drenching. Mr
Obama will not be alone in staying dry. US government says officials
are banned from the stunt because of an ethics code. So the White House
will not become the White House. But the charity has said the charity --
says the president has donated an undisclosed sum.
We're joined by John Kell, policy manager for the charity MNDA,
How did this start? It took off in America a few weeks ago for a
baseball player who is now living with motor neurone disease. We saw
celebrities doing it there and then it came over here and we have had
Stuart Broad, Zoe Ball, fat boy Slim doing it. But also, people who have
been affected by MND and have lost loved ones from it and even those
who have never heard of it before the ice bucket challenge. Are you
surprised at how pro -- high profile this has become? Yes, it has been
really remarkable. Certainly do have that many celebrities involved is
amazing. It is very valuable to us to have celebrities reaching out to
their fans through social media because they do have such a big
reach. So, even if there are people looking at it because it is their
favourite celebrity involved, the vast amount of people who have heard
of motor neurone disease now. This started off in the US. But your
organisation will also benefit from this. Yes, people are donating to us
and we have raised ?60,000 directly so far and we know that many people
have set up their own giving pages and will be donating and that will
go to fund not only support that we provide to people with MND but also
research into the causes and working towards a jewel. 60,000, that is
fantastic. When you say you will look at further research. At the
moment, it is terminal and there is no cause -- cure for it. There is
still a great deal to find out about it. We have a major genetics project
underway where will -- where we will be sequencing the genomes for 1500
people with MND. It is the first time we have been able to do this on
this kind of scale so it is very exciting. And of every red disease
but explain somebody who has it, what kind of debilitating life did
they have? Yes, it is a very cruel disease. It affects all voluntary
movements so it means someone can lose the ability to walk about, to
use their arms, their hands, to eat, to swallow, to speak and eventually
to breathe so when people die of MND it is usually of respiratory
failure. It is also quite fast moving so 30% of people die within
one year of getting the diagnosis and more than half within two years
so it is a very rapidly progressing disease. A very famous sufferer,
Stephen Hawking, he has had the disease for many years. And yes, he
lived a remarkable length of time with it and is very unusual in that
regard. It would be very helpful to understand exactly why that
happened. A very unusual case. Let's hope that the ice bucket challenge
continues to raise lots of money but from the time being, thank you very
much for coming in to speak to us. Gibraltar's monkeys are a big
tourist attraction. But are they getting a bit too cheeky for their
own good? Locals say they've started invading urban spaces and are
becoming too aggressive. So now Gibraltar is planning to banish some
of them. Just take a look at what they get up to with
the BBC's macaque ice Tom Burridge. They know the locals
and amuse the tourists. But in search of a meal, Gibraltar's
monkeys are venturing into town. We have just come out
of our hotel to go and do some shopping and we did not think we
would see a monkey perched up on the I have heard about them but I didn't
think we would see them at all, so, But the monkeys have a taste
for what humans can provide. How often do the monkeys appear
at school? They have become a nuisance
at the school. the leader, with the male, and lots
of babies, lots of little monkeys, some are very cute and some others
are aggressive and threatening. Gibraltar's 200 monkeys spent
the vast majority of their time up on the rock but the
authorities out working to stop some a Mars Bar and the Macaque will go
for the Mars Bar. At the moment, a lot of resources
are put into providing sort of more open spaces for the Macaques
so they can forage in the upper rock A large effort in pushing them from
the town into the nature reserve. They are also working to
control their numbers. 13 monkeys will be exported to a safari park
abroad. Gibraltar's monkeys are thought to have travelled on ships
just over the water in Africa several centuries ago. Their numbers
were culled several years ago but that is not seen as part of the
solution now. Just some of these guys and girls will soon have a new
home. And from their current home, they can see Africa, where their
ancestors lived in the distance just over the water. Gibraltar's monkeys
are an asset but sometimes, some of them are also now nuisance
neighbours, too. Well, that's all from the programme.
Next, the weather. Let's bring you up-to-date with our
top story. More than 60 worshippers in eastern Iraq have been killed.
Government burst in and fired worse shoppers -- gunman burst in and
fired the -- fired on the worshippers. We have more on our
website. From the other team, thank you very much for watching. See you
very soon. Goodbye. Plenty of dry and fine weather in
store for you over the course of the weekend but some chilly nights to
come as well. Tomorrow night will start off chilly but some sunshine
developing widely through the course of the day. One or two showers. High
pressure just north-west of