22/08/2014 World News Today


22/08/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Kasia Madera.

:00:00.:00:07.

Another twist in the conflict in Iraq as an attack on a mosque

:00:08.:00:11.

in the province of Diyala leaves over 60 Sunnis dead.

:00:12.:00:15.

The fight against Islamic State continues and there's debate

:00:16.:00:17.

in western countries about whether to tackle the group

:00:18.:00:19.

in Syria, which could mean working with the Assad government.

:00:20.:00:26.

A Russian aid convoy arrives in the besieged city of Luhansk

:00:27.:00:28.

in eastern Ukraine, the government in Kiev calls it an "invasion".

:00:29.:00:33.

18 suspected informers for the Israelis are shot dead

:00:34.:00:36.

by Hamas gunmen in Gaza, as more rockets hit targets in Israel.

:00:37.:00:40.

From presidents to pop stars, find out why thousands of people

:00:41.:00:46.

around the world are tipping buckets of icy water over themselves.

:00:47.:01:02.

Dozens of people have been killed in an attack on a Sunni mosque.

:01:03.:01:08.

Officials say a bomber blew himself up

:01:09.:01:10.

The attack happened in the eastern province of Diyala, about 120km

:01:11.:01:16.

The area has seen heavy fighting between Islamic State fighters,

:01:17.:01:24.

who are Sunni, and Iraqi troops, backed by Shia militiamen.

:01:25.:01:27.

Some reports say Shia militias carried out the attack, while others

:01:28.:01:30.

say IS militants targeted local Sunnis who refused to join them.

:01:31.:01:36.

IS forces remain present in large parts of Iraq and Syria.

:01:37.:01:43.

The Syrian government is reported to have killed 70 Islamic State

:01:44.:01:46.

jihadist fighters in the last 48 hours of fighting .The

:01:47.:01:49.

It is going to be a long battle. Kurdish fighters have

:01:50.:02:03.

themselves and are pushing back against Islamic State.

:02:04.:02:20.

themselves and are pushing back the job. American air strikes

:02:21.:02:23.

launched from carriers can have a decisive factor, but to hurt Islamic

:02:24.:02:28.

State badly, they would have two target their power base in northern

:02:29.:02:32.

Syria. That is why some voices are saying it is time to make a deal

:02:33.:02:37.

with President Assad. On practical grounds, we have to consider taking

:02:38.:02:44.

a deep breath and holding our nose and saying, it would seem to us now

:02:45.:02:52.

that the extreme leave vicious and evil nature of Islamic State is

:02:53.:02:57.

worse than what Assad has been doing and if any situation in history

:02:58.:03:02.

where my enemy's enemy becomes my friend. The West's strategy so far

:03:03.:03:09.

include the departure of President Assad. Britain says it would change

:03:10.:03:15.

its mind about him. I have said often that one of the first things

:03:16.:03:19.

you learn in the Middle East is that my enemy's enemy is not necessarily

:03:20.:03:23.

your friend, you may find that the Arab mind against a common enemy,

:03:24.:03:30.

but that does not make us friends. It does not make is able to work for

:03:31.:03:38.

them. Islamic State controls part of Iraq.

:03:39.:03:44.

Their power base is here. The US has said whatever it takes, but what are

:03:45.:03:56.

the options? More air strikes. Doing that in Syria without the regime's

:03:57.:04:03.

consent would be difficult. Work with neighbouring states such as

:04:04.:04:10.

Iran, but building a coalition means getting tangled in difficult and

:04:11.:04:15.

often bloody local politics. That is why there is talk about working with

:04:16.:04:20.

President Assad. His Armed Forces have the intelligence and are well

:04:21.:04:24.

supplied, but his price would be the end of pressure on him to go. A year

:04:25.:04:32.

ago, Syrian Kurds fled to camps in Iraq in the face of Islamic State

:04:33.:04:36.

advances. Now all they want as much help as they can to keep them

:04:37.:04:44.

relatively safe. With the Syrian war merging with the sectarian

:04:45.:04:46.

violence, the challenge facing anyone who wants peace comes twice

:04:47.:04:51.

as big. Syria's war has been impossible to stop, no one yet has

:04:52.:04:56.

much of a strategy to stop the war in Iraq, either.

:04:57.:05:02.

Let's discuss the situation. From Beirut we're joined by Noah

:05:03.:05:05.

Bonsey, Senior Analyst on Syria from We'll speak about the issues

:05:06.:05:07.

surrounding Syria and the Western A lot of hope is being pinned on a

:05:08.:05:17.

new Government in Iraq to be more inclusive, but when we see attacks

:05:18.:05:28.

such as the Sunni mosque attack, what hope do you have? Today's awful

:05:29.:05:40.

killings is another reminder. It is not simply the formation of a

:05:41.:05:43.

Government that is threatened, if indeed it turns out that Shia

:05:44.:05:48.

militias were responsible, that will only help the Islamic State's

:05:49.:05:52.

recruitment inside Iraq. What we have seen is that the Iraqi

:05:53.:06:01.

Government's dependence upon militias, similar to the approach

:06:02.:06:05.

used by the assigned regime, has only fanned the problem. As well as

:06:06.:06:17.

banning the jeopardy flames. -- fanning the jet

:06:18.:06:23.

we had a horrific video beheading of James Foley and we are hearing about

:06:24.:06:30.

a siege in a town where up to 20,000 Turkmen gets being held, it shows

:06:31.:06:38.

how many fronts Islamic State is now fighting.

:06:39.:06:47.

That is very true. One cannot simply focus on Iraq, ISO ignores the

:06:48.:06:55.

border. We should too. We need to take the Syrian situation more into

:06:56.:07:02.

account, but that means developing relationships with local forces. One

:07:03.:07:08.

cannot just rely on air strikes or on government forces, be it Iraq or

:07:09.:07:16.

Syria. Given their reliance on militias. These are all problems

:07:17.:07:21.

that are helping Islamic State recruit among Sunnis and beyond.

:07:22.:07:28.

It's the fight was taken into Syria, there has been a big discussion

:07:29.:07:33.

about maybe President Assad needs to be brought into the conversation, do

:07:34.:07:37.

you think that is something that needs to be done or can Western

:07:38.:07:46.

forces just rely on local tribes? Local tribes would be sufficient.

:07:47.:07:53.

There needs to be weapons and manpower. -- will not be sufficient.

:07:54.:08:02.

In Syria, conditions are slightly better, there are rebel groups who

:08:03.:08:09.

identify ISIS as an enemy. They are fairly well-organised, but they need

:08:10.:08:12.

better organisation and better arms to be able to fight effectively

:08:13.:08:18.

against ISIS and the regime. However, there does need to be a

:08:19.:08:24.

broader strategy, I think, to address the systemic problems of the

:08:25.:08:30.

governments of both of these countries and empower moderate

:08:31.:08:35.

forces in general. Moderate forces are the enemy of both ISIS and the

:08:36.:08:44.

regime. Thank you. We are out of time, it

:08:45.:08:46.

was good to talk to you. Reports from Israel say

:08:47.:08:51.

a four-year-old boy has been killed in a mortar attack near

:08:52.:08:53.

the border with the Gaza Strip. It is the first Israeli death

:08:54.:08:56.

since the collapse of ceasefire In Gaza, Palestinian militants have

:08:57.:08:59.

killed 18 people, accused of being Eyewitnesses say six men were

:09:00.:09:03.

grabbed from amongst hundreds of worshippers at Gaza City's largest

:09:04.:09:08.

mosque and gunned down by militants. The killings come a day

:09:09.:09:15.

after an Israeli air strike killed We will talk about Hamas in a

:09:16.:09:33.

moment, but bring us up-to-date with the death of a four-year-old boy.

:09:34.:09:39.

Police and medics are saying that in a few hundred meters away, several

:09:40.:09:47.

mortar rounds fell and the only place you can be protected from such

:09:48.:09:52.

things is inside one of the shelters that most houses in Israel have as

:09:53.:09:58.

the Iron Dome cannot get anywhere near such short-range weapons.

:09:59.:10:03.

Medics say the four-year-old was playing in his living room and got

:10:04.:10:06.

struck in the head and was tragically killed. It was the first

:10:07.:10:13.

death since the cease-fire was a few days ago after brokered talks. The

:10:14.:10:20.

Egyptian Prime Minister has sent his condolences to the family and says

:10:21.:10:28.

Hamas will pay. -- is really reminisce. There have been Israeli

:10:29.:10:33.

strikes, and four others were killed in Gaza today. -- the Israeli Prime

:10:34.:10:43.

Minister. Talk us through the executions of apparent Israeli

:10:44.:10:50.

informers by Hamas. These killings take place quite regularly in Gaza,

:10:51.:10:55.

but not usually in public and that is the key thing, these were 18

:10:56.:11:00.

people killed in public, clearly a tactic of deterrent for anyone

:11:01.:11:06.

thinking of passing on invading nation -- passing on information to

:11:07.:11:11.

Israel. Some took place this morning and we believe some of the killings

:11:12.:11:18.

took place after Friday prayers. All of this suggests that they are

:11:19.:11:23.

trying to really get the message across that this passing of

:11:24.:11:26.

information should not be taking place again. All the while, as their

:11:27.:11:34.

studies -- as the hostilities continue, it is an Israeli strategy

:11:35.:11:38.

to not negotiate whilst under fire, so the peace talks that seem to be

:11:39.:11:42.

doing well at the beginning of the week seen so far away now. -- seemed

:11:43.:11:44.

to be. More than 100 Russian lorries

:11:45.:11:47.

carrying humanitarian aid have arrived in the eastern

:11:48.:11:48.

Ukraine city of Luhansk. That's despite the convoy not

:11:49.:11:51.

having permission to cross the Kiev calls the move an

:11:52.:11:53.

"invasion" and a "violation of David, bring us up-to-date on the

:11:54.:12:13.

whereabouts of the convoy. The convoy has entered Ukrainian

:12:14.:12:18.

territory, we're not sure how many trucks have reached a Luhansk. Local

:12:19.:12:23.

authority say some have gone there and the question is how long they

:12:24.:12:26.

were last there and stay there and what else they will do? The trucks

:12:27.:12:35.

entered Ukraine without Ukrainian permission, the Ukrainians say they

:12:36.:12:38.

will not use force against the convoy, however, and this is how the

:12:39.:12:45.

events unfolded today. In the end, Russian officials said

:12:46.:12:50.

it could not wait any longer. After nearly a week on the Ukrainian

:12:51.:12:54.

border, Moscow announced it would dispatch its aid, the -- its aid

:12:55.:13:04.

convoy without Ukrainian permission. Moscow says it is sending a variety

:13:05.:13:08.

of supplies, including water, electric generators and baby food.

:13:09.:13:15.

We are certain we are doing the right thing, saving people's lives.

:13:16.:13:19.

We blamed Kiev and country standing behind it that...

:13:20.:13:29.

The Pentagon and lay the blame squarely at Russia's feet and said

:13:30.:13:39.

there could be further actions against Moscow. Russia should not

:13:40.:13:45.

send vehicles, persons or cargo of any kind in the Ukraine, whether

:13:46.:13:49.

under the guise of humanitarian unvoiced or any other context.

:13:50.:13:57.

Eastern Ukraine is a war zone and the fighting in the last days has

:13:58.:14:02.

intensified. The Red Cross was meant to oversee the convoy in Ukraine and

:14:03.:14:08.

the distribution of the aid, but officials from their say Moscow

:14:09.:14:11.

decided to move forward without them. -- officials from Red Cross.

:14:12.:14:16.

TRANSLATION: Because of a difficult security situation in Luhansk where

:14:17.:14:21.

we are told about continuing violence, we do not have sufficient

:14:22.:14:29.

security guarantees to accompany the convoy.

:14:30.:14:37.

Ukrainian officials have viewed the convoy with suspicion. At best, a

:14:38.:14:42.

propaganda stunt, at worst a cover for military operations. Ukrainian

:14:43.:14:46.

authorities say they have only inspected if -- 34 trucks and now

:14:47.:14:55.

the trucks are in Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan is it will be used for

:14:56.:14:56.

military purposes. -- and Kiev. Ukrainian officials have said they

:14:57.:15:17.

will not use force to stop the convoy. But they condemn it in no

:15:18.:15:22.

uncertain terms. Where the trucks go now and how long they will remain

:15:23.:15:31.

Ukraine is an open question. We heard someone from the Red Cross

:15:32.:15:35.

saying they were not involved in this convoy. Can you explain an

:15:36.:15:42.

elaborate why that is. Yes, the Red Cross was supposed to be very much

:15:43.:15:46.

involved. They were supposed to supervise the movement of the

:15:47.:15:52.

convoy. Eventually, they were supposed to reach a spot that they

:15:53.:15:59.

would use as a base to distribute the aid. It would be off-loaded and

:16:00.:16:04.

sent around the area. The Red Cross said they would not do this until

:16:05.:16:06.

they received security guarantees and they said they did not go in

:16:07.:16:11.

this time because these security guarantees were not available, they

:16:12.:16:15.

didn't get them from the side that were fighting. The fact that this

:16:16.:16:21.

convoy is entering without the Red Cross supervision is another point

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of concern for people here in Ukraine as well as Western

:16:25.:16:25.

officials. Now a look at some of the day's

:16:26.:16:29.

other news. Nigeria has recorded two

:16:30.:16:32.

new cases of Ebola. Health officials say two spouses

:16:33.:16:36.

of people earlier infected with the disease have tested positive to

:16:37.:16:39.

the deadly virus. Sierra Leone has passed a bill so

:16:40.:16:50.

that anyone hiding big teams can be sent to jail.

:16:51.:16:53.

Malaysia is observing a national day of mourning, as the

:16:54.:16:55.

remains of the first 20 victims are returned home from flight MH17 that

:16:56.:16:58.

In a sombre ceremony at Kuala Lumpur airport, soldiers carried

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28 of the 43 Malaysian victims have been identified.

:17:04.:17:10.

The number of people missing after a landslide in the Japanese city of

:17:11.:17:13.

Hiroshima is now believed to be much higher than originally thought.

:17:14.:17:16.

More than 50 people are thought to be buried under the huge mudslides.

:17:17.:17:20.

That could put the eventual death toll from

:17:21.:17:23.

Two buses have collided on the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, killing 33

:17:24.:17:38.

people. The accident took place at the holiday resort -- 50 kilometres

:17:39.:17:47.

from our holiday resort. Some people are in a critical condition.

:17:48.:17:52.

Some of the most famous people in the world have been drenching

:17:53.:17:55.

themselves in freezing cold water and posting the video online

:17:56.:17:57.

in a fundraising stunt called the ice bucket challenge.

:17:58.:17:59.

The clips have taken over social media in recent weeks, but despite

:18:00.:18:02.

some very public nominations, some celebrities are now refusing to

:18:03.:18:05.

take part and that includes perhaps the most high profile of them all -

:18:06.:18:09.

He has tried his hand at most things but when it comes to be ice bucket

:18:10.:18:31.

challenge, President Obama seems cold on the idea. The President's

:18:32.:18:38.

predecessor was not so shy. George W Bush was soaked by his wife Laura.

:18:39.:18:44.

It is unclear exactly whose challenge the president is refusing.

:18:45.:18:52.

Justin Bieber was the first to nominate him. And 86-year-old

:18:53.:19:05.

Kennedy family matriarch Ethel also named him after her drenching. Mr

:19:06.:19:09.

Obama will not be alone in staying dry. US government says officials

:19:10.:19:16.

are banned from the stunt because of an ethics code. So the White House

:19:17.:19:20.

will not become the White House. But the charity has said the charity --

:19:21.:19:28.

says the president has donated an undisclosed sum.

:19:29.:19:33.

We're joined by John Kell, policy manager for the charity MNDA,

:19:34.:19:36.

How did this start? It took off in America a few weeks ago for a

:19:37.:19:54.

baseball player who is now living with motor neurone disease. We saw

:19:55.:19:58.

celebrities doing it there and then it came over here and we have had

:19:59.:20:03.

Stuart Broad, Zoe Ball, fat boy Slim doing it. But also, people who have

:20:04.:20:09.

been affected by MND and have lost loved ones from it and even those

:20:10.:20:14.

who have never heard of it before the ice bucket challenge. Are you

:20:15.:20:20.

surprised at how pro -- high profile this has become? Yes, it has been

:20:21.:20:25.

really remarkable. Certainly do have that many celebrities involved is

:20:26.:20:31.

amazing. It is very valuable to us to have celebrities reaching out to

:20:32.:20:34.

their fans through social media because they do have such a big

:20:35.:20:39.

reach. So, even if there are people looking at it because it is their

:20:40.:20:43.

favourite celebrity involved, the vast amount of people who have heard

:20:44.:20:48.

of motor neurone disease now. This started off in the US. But your

:20:49.:20:55.

organisation will also benefit from this. Yes, people are donating to us

:20:56.:21:02.

and we have raised ?60,000 directly so far and we know that many people

:21:03.:21:06.

have set up their own giving pages and will be donating and that will

:21:07.:21:10.

go to fund not only support that we provide to people with MND but also

:21:11.:21:16.

research into the causes and working towards a jewel. 60,000, that is

:21:17.:21:22.

fantastic. When you say you will look at further research. At the

:21:23.:21:26.

moment, it is terminal and there is no cause -- cure for it. There is

:21:27.:21:33.

still a great deal to find out about it. We have a major genetics project

:21:34.:21:38.

underway where will -- where we will be sequencing the genomes for 1500

:21:39.:21:45.

people with MND. It is the first time we have been able to do this on

:21:46.:21:50.

this kind of scale so it is very exciting. And of every red disease

:21:51.:21:55.

but explain somebody who has it, what kind of debilitating life did

:21:56.:22:02.

they have? Yes, it is a very cruel disease. It affects all voluntary

:22:03.:22:06.

movements so it means someone can lose the ability to walk about, to

:22:07.:22:11.

use their arms, their hands, to eat, to swallow, to speak and eventually

:22:12.:22:17.

to breathe so when people die of MND it is usually of respiratory

:22:18.:22:22.

failure. It is also quite fast moving so 30% of people die within

:22:23.:22:27.

one year of getting the diagnosis and more than half within two years

:22:28.:22:30.

so it is a very rapidly progressing disease. A very famous sufferer,

:22:31.:22:36.

Stephen Hawking, he has had the disease for many years. And yes, he

:22:37.:22:42.

lived a remarkable length of time with it and is very unusual in that

:22:43.:22:48.

regard. It would be very helpful to understand exactly why that

:22:49.:22:52.

happened. A very unusual case. Let's hope that the ice bucket challenge

:22:53.:22:57.

continues to raise lots of money but from the time being, thank you very

:22:58.:22:59.

much for coming in to speak to us. Gibraltar's monkeys are a big

:23:00.:23:03.

tourist attraction. But are they getting a bit too cheeky for their

:23:04.:23:05.

own good? Locals say they've started invading urban spaces and are

:23:06.:23:08.

becoming too aggressive. So now Gibraltar is planning to banish some

:23:09.:23:11.

of them. Just take a look at what they get up to with

:23:12.:23:14.

the BBC's macaque ice Tom Burridge. They know the locals

:23:15.:23:20.

and amuse the tourists. But in search of a meal, Gibraltar's

:23:21.:23:30.

monkeys are venturing into town. We have just come out

:23:31.:23:45.

of our hotel to go and do some shopping and we did not think we

:23:46.:23:51.

would see a monkey perched up on the I have heard about them but I didn't

:23:52.:23:54.

think we would see them at all, so, But the monkeys have a taste

:23:55.:24:02.

for what humans can provide. How often do the monkeys appear

:24:03.:24:15.

at school? They have become a nuisance

:24:16.:24:17.

at the school. the leader, with the male, and lots

:24:18.:24:26.

of babies, lots of little monkeys, some are very cute and some others

:24:27.:24:30.

are aggressive and threatening. Gibraltar's 200 monkeys spent

:24:31.:24:35.

the vast majority of their time up on the rock but the

:24:36.:24:39.

authorities out working to stop some a Mars Bar and the Macaque will go

:24:40.:24:44.

for the Mars Bar. At the moment, a lot of resources

:24:45.:24:56.

are put into providing sort of more open spaces for the Macaques

:24:57.:24:59.

so they can forage in the upper rock A large effort in pushing them from

:25:00.:25:02.

the town into the nature reserve. They are also working to

:25:03.:25:23.

control their numbers. 13 monkeys will be exported to a safari park

:25:24.:25:25.

abroad. Gibraltar's monkeys are thought to have travelled on ships

:25:26.:25:29.

just over the water in Africa several centuries ago. Their numbers

:25:30.:25:31.

were culled several years ago but that is not seen as part of the

:25:32.:25:35.

solution now. Just some of these guys and girls will soon have a new

:25:36.:25:38.

home. And from their current home, they can see Africa, where their

:25:39.:25:41.

ancestors lived in the distance just over the water. Gibraltar's monkeys

:25:42.:25:48.

are an asset but sometimes, some of them are also now nuisance

:25:49.:25:52.

neighbours, too. Well, that's all from the programme.

:25:53.:26:04.

Next, the weather. Let's bring you up-to-date with our

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top story. More than 60 worshippers in eastern Iraq have been killed.

:26:16.:26:22.

Government burst in and fired worse shoppers -- gunman burst in and

:26:23.:26:31.

fired the -- fired on the worshippers. We have more on our

:26:32.:26:41.

website. From the other team, thank you very much for watching. See you

:26:42.:26:43.

very soon. Goodbye. Plenty of dry and fine weather in

:26:44.:27:01.

store for you over the course of the weekend but some chilly nights to

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come as well. Tomorrow night will start off chilly but some sunshine

:27:06.:27:09.

developing widely through the course of the day. One or two showers. High

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pressure just north-west of

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