03/09/2014 World News Today


03/09/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Alice Baxter.

:00:07.:00:08.

Has Russia paved the way for a peace deal in Ukraine?

:00:09.:00:11.

Ukraine's president says he's reached an agreement with

:00:12.:00:13.

Vladimir Putin for a ceasefire process - the US president calls

:00:14.:00:17.

It is a brazen assaults on the integral tree of Ukraine, a

:00:18.:00:31.

sovereign nation. Unravelling the web -

:00:32.:00:33.

we'll have a special report on the investigators trying to track

:00:34.:00:35.

down the Islamic State leaders. the former partner of

:00:36.:00:38.

Francois Hollande pens a tell-all book, and it's not very flattering

:00:39.:00:41.

for the French president. After 100 days in office, we take a

:00:42.:00:44.

look at what India's prime minister Russia's President Vladimir Putin

:00:45.:00:47.

has proposed a peace plan for eastern Ukraine which he says

:00:48.:01:11.

could be agreed by Friday. Mr Putin said he and the Ukrainian

:01:12.:01:15.

president Petro Poroshenko were "close" on their thinking about a

:01:16.:01:18.

ceasefire between government forces Meanwhile, President Obama has been

:01:19.:01:22.

talking tough on a visit to Estonia. He said NATO members had to send

:01:23.:01:30.

Ukraine an unmistakeable message of support in the face of what he

:01:31.:01:33.

called a brazen assault on their Our Europe Editor, Gavin Hewitt,

:01:34.:01:40.

reports from the Estonian capital, President Obama being greeted in

:01:41.:01:57.

Estonia, 100 miles from the Russian border. Hanging over his visit, the

:01:58.:02:04.

conflict in Ukraine, with the president following closely the

:02:05.:02:07.

reports on the cease-fire. But he was named Mission to reassure the

:02:08.:02:15.

Baltic states, wary of the Russia and its actions in Ukraine is a

:02:16.:02:22.

former Soviet republic. Many people are ethnic Russians, and

:02:23.:02:27.

President Putin has his admirers. He is very clever. We have not had

:02:28.:02:30.

this He is very clever. We have not had

:02:31.:02:35.

I like him as a person and his politics.

:02:36.:02:38.

TRANSLATION: And honourable person and a smart politician.

:02:39.:02:44.

President Obama told the people that more American forces were on the

:02:45.:02:47.

ground carrying out training and more NATO aircraft in the sky. So,

:02:48.:02:54.

in practical terms, NATO is proposing setting up a radical

:02:55.:02:58.

action Force, but could come to places such as this in 48 hours,

:02:59.:03:04.

with equipment already have. In a major speech, President Obama gave

:03:05.:03:09.

the Baltic states this guarantee. If you ever ask who will come to

:03:10.:03:15.

help, you will know the answer. The NATO alliance, including the Armed

:03:16.:03:20.

Forces of the United States of America, right here now.

:03:21.:03:23.

Then the president turned to Russia's actions in Ukraine.

:03:24.:03:28.

It is a brazen assaults on the territory of Ukraine, a sovereign

:03:29.:03:34.

nation. The challenges that most basic principles of the system. That

:03:35.:03:40.

borders cannot be re-drawn at the barrel of a gun.

:03:41.:03:43.

Overnight in Ukraine, there was further shelling around Donetsk. But

:03:44.:03:49.

there were reports that Ukrainian president and President Putin had

:03:50.:03:53.

agreed on a plan that might just lead to a cease-fire, with the

:03:54.:03:57.

possibility of the two sides launching a peace process later this

:03:58.:03:59.

week. The BBC's Steve Rosenberg is

:04:00.:04:02.

in Moscow. President Putin says that they are

:04:03.:04:14.

close in thinking on a cease-fire. He has also spoken of a plan. Do we

:04:15.:04:22.

know what those terms? According to the peace plan, both

:04:23.:04:27.

sides in the conflict, the Ukrainian army and the pro-Russian militants,

:04:28.:04:31.

would halt offensive operations. There would be a prisoner exchange

:04:32.:04:36.

and international observers on the ground. Petro Poroshenko has

:04:37.:04:44.

welcomed it, he has welcomed what appears to be the start of a peace

:04:45.:04:50.

process, but Ukraine's Prime Minister has denounced it. He says

:04:51.:04:54.

that Russia's real plan is to destroy Ukraine. But tonight the

:04:55.:05:00.

feeling here is that Vladimir Putin is very much in the driving seat in

:05:01.:05:05.

any negotiation, because despite the very tough words we heard from

:05:06.:05:11.

President Obama and his scathing criticism of Russian aggression,

:05:12.:05:14.

America does not want to go to war with Russia over Ukraine and neither

:05:15.:05:19.

does NATO, neither does European Union, and Vladimir Putin knows that

:05:20.:05:20.

very well. Earlier President Obama has

:05:21.:05:27.

expressed his condolences to the family of Steven Sotloff,

:05:28.:05:29.

the second US hostage to be murdered He said that the United States would

:05:30.:05:45.

not be intimidated, after IS showed the beheading of the American

:05:46.:05:50.

journalist. Like James Foley, Steve's life stood

:05:51.:05:56.

in contrast to those who murdered him so totally. They make the claim

:05:57.:06:04.

that they kill in the name of religion, but it was Stephen who

:06:05.:06:08.

loved the Islamic world. The killers claim that they defend the

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oppressed, but it was Stephen who risked his life to tell the story of

:06:15.:06:19.

Muslim men and women demanding justice and dignity. Whatever these

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murderers think they will achieve by killing Americans like Stephen, they

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have already failed. A failed because, like people around the

:06:30.:06:34.

world, Americans are reports that why this barbarism. We will not be

:06:35.:06:41.

intimidated and the horrific acts will only make as Unite and take

:06:42.:06:46.

action. Those who make the mistakes of harming Americans will learn that

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we will not forget and that our reach is long and that justice will

:06:51.:06:51.

be served. Let's take a broader look now

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at President Obama's stance Kurt Volker is a former US

:06:56.:06:58.

ambassador to NATO, now Executive Director of the McCain Institute

:06:59.:07:02.

for International Leadership, We will talk about resident Obama's

:07:03.:07:21.

stands on Ukraine soon, but we will talk about what he was saying about

:07:22.:07:27.

this second tragic killing and the stamps on IS. -- the position on

:07:28.:07:37.

IS. But he was criticised last week for not having a strategy. Does he

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have a strategy now? Based on what we have heard, we do

:07:43.:07:47.

not know. We not have heard of it. There are elements that need to be

:07:48.:07:52.

put together. The first is a clear goal. I believe that this goal needs

:07:53.:07:59.

to be the destruction of Islamic State and solidarity three --

:08:00.:08:07.

against this. It has not been said by the President that that is his

:08:08.:08:11.

old yet. They also need to talk with regional

:08:12.:08:17.

players. We need to bring in the states that have the capacity and

:08:18.:08:23.

had in some extent been supporting extremist groups in Syria to make

:08:24.:08:27.

sure that they are working against IS. That would be Turkey, Jordan. We

:08:28.:08:35.

need a regional coalition with some European allies in order to isolate

:08:36.:08:42.

them. And then, we will need direct US military action on both sides of

:08:43.:08:48.

the Iraq and Syria border and we will need support on the ground by

:08:49.:08:54.

local forces that are there, the Iraqi armed forces, the Free Syrian

:08:55.:09:00.

Army. They will have to do work to help support those forces.

:09:01.:09:04.

Vladimir Putin was very clear that in order to defeat the barbarism of

:09:05.:09:10.

Isis, they need to be a response from the Muslim world to isolate the

:09:11.:09:15.

cancer. We know that the US has deployed more troops, not in a

:09:16.:09:22.

combat role, but for security at the embassy. But the key question is

:09:23.:09:27.

whether this will galvanise others into deeper involvement, as you say,

:09:28.:09:33.

not just in Iraq, but is well in Syria?

:09:34.:09:35.

That is right and that is the important question. Speaking about

:09:36.:09:41.

this earlier, the Pentagon leader was talking about strikes against

:09:42.:09:44.

Isis in terms of delivering humanitarian support, suppressive

:09:45.:09:49.

fire in order to deliver that support. We're not talking yet about

:09:50.:09:54.

strategic terms. I think we need to get to that point and it could be a

:09:55.:10:00.

changing events, but we have not seen that yet.

:10:01.:10:06.

We should talk about Ukraine. Obama launching a verbal force against

:10:07.:10:12.

President Putin, talking that country 's borders could not be

:10:13.:10:17.

redrawn at a barrel of a gun. Are these hollow words? Would they

:10:18.:10:21.

really go to war against Russia? Let's look at it from a few paces

:10:22.:10:29.

away. In response to Ukraine, good things being done. There is a

:10:30.:10:35.

commitment of securing the borders of the Baltic states, building on

:10:36.:10:41.

what has been done in the past. But that all very good steps. But if the

:10:42.:10:47.

issue is Russia and Ukraine, shouldn't NATO been doing something

:10:48.:10:53.

about Russia invading Ukraine? And we do not have anything on the table

:10:54.:10:58.

yet. I do think that Ukrainian 's help. Ukraine is fighting back

:10:59.:11:02.

against Russia on its territory. They have the troops, tanks,

:11:03.:11:07.

artillery, moving across the board. Ukrainian 's help to fight against

:11:08.:11:10.

this. You say that there is nothing on the

:11:11.:11:14.

table, but we have just heard from President Putin putting forward a

:11:15.:11:17.

peace plan that he hopes could be agreed on Friday?

:11:18.:11:24.

Right, Vladimir Putin is a master of playing Western governments and

:11:25.:11:28.

public opinion. He knows that there are several governments who would

:11:29.:11:32.

rather not take difficult decisions about pushing back militarily inside

:11:33.:11:36.

Ukraine. So now he is giving them a process that they can have some hope

:11:37.:11:42.

in in order to defer any decision-making at NATO. So rather

:11:43.:11:45.

than taking the steps that up to be done, they will say that they can't

:11:46.:11:50.

possibly do something that will upset this delicate political

:11:51.:11:54.

process. Meanwhile, I don't have any illusions that the goals in Ukraine

:11:55.:11:55.

have actually changed. Well, the BBC has learnt that a team

:11:56.:11:59.

of international investigators paid for by the British government are

:12:00.:12:02.

trying to compile evidence against Islamic state fighters who

:12:03.:12:05.

are carrying out these atrocities - evidence which could eventually be

:12:06.:12:07.

used to prosecute them But how likely is it that they

:12:08.:12:10.

will be brought to justice? As the list grows longer

:12:11.:12:17.

of apparent atrocities by Islamic State fighters,

:12:18.:12:23.

will anyone be held to account? We have learned that, throughout

:12:24.:12:28.

this year, a team of international investigators with extensive

:12:29.:12:30.

experience in war crimes, funded by the British Government, has been

:12:31.:12:33.

compiling evidence for prosecution. The BBC has been given the first

:12:34.:12:39.

exclusive access to their work. For their own safety, they have

:12:40.:12:43.

asked to remain anonymous. We are after the highest levels

:12:44.:12:50.

members of the IS, because these members are just as responsible as

:12:51.:12:53.

those who kill with their own hands. Indeed,

:12:54.:12:58.

those leaders are more responsible. On the ground in Syria and

:12:59.:13:00.

in the neighbouring countries, the investigators say they have

:13:01.:13:02.

numerous sources feeding back information and original documents,

:13:03.:13:06.

building up a picture of the Some sources are even

:13:07.:13:09.

inside its ranks, Vary rarely do we get documentation

:13:10.:13:15.

such as this which is the actual minutes of an Islamic

:13:16.:13:22.

State provincial level meeting. This kind of thing is gold dust to

:13:23.:13:25.

us, because it shows the clear chain of command that controls everything

:13:26.:13:29.

that happens in the region. This is the command structure

:13:30.:13:34.

of Islamic State as compiled At the top is

:13:35.:13:37.

the self appointed caliph. Below him four councils, the most

:13:38.:13:44.

important the military and security. This one plus four structure is then

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duplicated throughout all the provinces where Islamic State

:13:49.:13:51.

has a presence. Now they're starting to put senior

:13:52.:13:55.

names to them, joining up a web. They conclude that Islamic

:13:56.:14:00.

State is far more organised What we are witnessing is the

:14:01.:14:03.

process of nation-building, that includes the provision of services

:14:04.:14:10.

looking after the population. There was a military element,

:14:11.:14:14.

of course, but the Islamic State is So where do British jihadists

:14:15.:14:17.

fit into this picture? When they cross into Syria, they get

:14:18.:14:22.

assigned specific roles within IS. So far, no-one appears to

:14:23.:14:27.

have reached the upper ranks. By and large, they are given

:14:28.:14:30.

low-level tasks, because the British people tend to arrive with no

:14:31.:14:34.

battlefield skills, so it is believed that they are better off

:14:35.:14:39.

providing support services, because they are unlikely to have

:14:40.:14:42.

the religious and military skills Inside these boxes

:14:43.:14:47.

in the basement of the investigation team's headquarters is

:14:48.:14:50.

the hard evidence that they say points to the leaders of Islamic

:14:51.:14:53.

State responsible for some of They believe it will be ready to

:14:54.:14:58.

take to prosecution by the end But arresting well protected leaders

:14:59.:15:03.

in the conflict will be almost impossible,

:15:04.:15:09.

and there is another problem. Even when the prosecution files

:15:10.:15:12.

are complete, there is no court Now a look at some of the day's

:15:13.:15:15.

other news: The British nurse who contracted

:15:16.:15:29.

Ebola in the outbreak in West Africa has been discharged from

:15:30.:15:31.

London's Royal Free Hospital. William Pooley, who's 29,

:15:32.:15:33.

had been treated in a special isolation unit, and was

:15:34.:15:35.

given the experimental drug ZMapp. There are five women in the Japanese

:15:36.:15:40.

cabinet after a major reshuffle. They include Yuko Obuchi, who's

:15:41.:15:43.

become the head of the powerful Last year, Prime Minister Shinzo

:15:44.:15:46.

Abe set a target to increase the A judge in the United States has

:15:47.:16:08.

sentenced a white man who shot dead an unarmed black woman who knocked

:16:09.:16:13.

on his door late at night to 17 years in prison. He said he feared

:16:14.:16:18.

for his life when he shot the 19-year-old in Detroit. A jury

:16:19.:16:22.

rejected his claim of self defence. Pop star Gary Barlow has taken to

:16:23.:16:31.

Twitter to say sorry for being involved in an aggressive

:16:32.:16:34.

tax avoidance scheme, even The Take That frontman, who's had

:16:35.:16:36.

13 number-one singles in Britain, apologised to fans

:16:37.:16:39.

and anyone else who was offended He says a team

:16:40.:16:42.

of accountants are working to settle The parents of Ashya King have

:16:43.:16:53.

been reunited with their five-year- old son at the hospital in Spain

:16:54.:16:59.

where he is being cared for. Ashya,

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who's seriously ill with a brain tumour, was taken against medical

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advice from Southampton Hospital by Brett and Naghemeh King last

:17:05.:17:06.

week. They were freed

:17:07.:17:08.

from custody last night after the British authorities abandoned

:17:09.:17:10.

their attempts to extradite them. Jon Kay sent this report

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from Malaga. The case against the couple was

:17:13.:17:35.

dropped last night after a review of the evidence.

:17:36.:17:58.

How angry are you about all this? I wouldn't say angry,

:17:59.:18:04.

I'm just missing my son so much, and my heart is aching for my son.

:18:05.:18:07.

Anger can't come in at the moment because I have just

:18:08.:18:10.

got these feelings. I have got to see my son's face.

:18:11.:18:13.

Southampton General claimed today that doctors had been trying to

:18:14.:18:16.

support the family while they arranged foreign

:18:17.:18:18.

treatment for Ashya, and were very concerned when his parents suddenly

:18:19.:18:20.

took him from the hospital. That is why they alerted the police.

:18:21.:18:23.

I can understand that they were upset, yes.

:18:24.:18:25.

I don't think it is ever in a child's best interests to be

:18:26.:18:29.

taken from a place of safety when the risks of being taken out

:18:30.:18:32.

were known and without anyone within the medical profession knowing that

:18:33.:18:34.

they were leaving. I told them over and over again...

:18:35.:18:37.

The Kings claim they had told doctors they were planning to take

:18:38.:18:40.

Ashya to Prague for treatment, but they admit they did not tell them

:18:41.:18:43.

they were going to Spain that day. I couldn't tell them when,

:18:44.:18:45.

because otherwise they might have stopped me.

:18:46.:18:47.

I was in fear. Tonight they are still many

:18:48.:18:49.

questions about what has happened to this little boy in the course

:18:50.:18:53.

of the last week, but right now, his parents' only concern is

:18:54.:18:54.

spending time with him once again. India's new Prime Minister,

:18:55.:18:58.

Narendra Modi, has completed The right-wing nationalist leader

:18:59.:19:00.

was swept to power in May with the A powerful orator who loves using

:19:01.:19:04.

social media, Mr Modi had promised to bring good

:19:05.:19:09.

days to India during his campaign. His latest foreign visit

:19:10.:19:13.

has taken him to Japan. India's new leader is on a drive to

:19:14.:19:27.

attract greater foreign investment for the Indian economy, his meeting

:19:28.:19:30.

with the Japanese leadership one in a series of high-profile

:19:31.:19:33.

engagements, as he attempts to put Large numbers of Indians voted

:19:34.:19:38.

for Narendra Modi but the massive mandate brought with it huge

:19:39.:19:44.

expectations, so how has Mr Modi Here is a look at how he has

:19:45.:19:49.

dealt with some key issues. India's economy is growing again,

:19:50.:20:00.

at its fastest in two years. There is a buzz in the marketplace,

:20:01.:20:03.

which is good news Demand for his exquisite saris has

:20:04.:20:07.

finally picked up after years There has been a positive shift in

:20:08.:20:14.

the business because the willpower The customer is able to spend more

:20:15.:20:23.

because they understand the economy is going to give back to

:20:24.:20:29.

them in some way, and we have seen Women's safety has been

:20:30.:20:33.

a key concern after an increase Mr Modi used a key Independence Day

:20:34.:20:37.

speech to press for changing Men have placed

:20:38.:20:42.

so many restrictions on their daughters, questioning them about

:20:43.:20:52.

what they are going, but do you dare The person committing

:20:53.:20:54.

a rape is also someone's son. It started with a diplomatic coup,

:20:55.:21:08.

an icebreaking handshake, and Mr Modi invited Pakistan's leader,

:21:09.:21:12.

Nawaz Sharif, to his inauguration. Three months later,

:21:13.:21:17.

relations between the two rivals Hostilities along the border,

:21:18.:21:20.

differences over Kashmir, followed He hasn't deviated from

:21:21.:21:26.

the script of the BJP, the Hindu nationalist script where we are not

:21:27.:21:34.

going to meet you as equals, and we're not going to be soft, we are

:21:35.:21:37.

going to be the big, tough guys. Critics allege that there has been

:21:38.:21:50.

growing religious tensions since the new Government took over,

:21:51.:21:53.

and it's ignoring the plight There are fears that under Mr Modi,

:21:54.:21:55.

an unabashed Hindu nationalist, They say revenge is

:21:56.:22:02.

a dish best served cold, and with President Francois Hollande

:22:03.:22:17.

still suffering painfully low approval ratings with the French

:22:18.:22:19.

public, the last thing he would have wanted

:22:20.:22:20.

is a new book by his former partner Valerie Trierweiler detailing

:22:21.:22:26.

their acrimonious break-up. The book, called Thank You For

:22:27.:22:28.

This Moment, is being serialised One extract details how

:22:29.:22:33.

the President tried to stop his former partner swallowing

:22:34.:22:37.

sleeping pills after Ms Trierweiler discovered he was having an affair

:22:38.:22:43.

with the actress Julie Gayet. This is what

:22:44.:22:46.

Ms Trierweiler has to say. I grab the little plastic bag

:22:47.:22:50.

which has sleeping pills in. I reach out to pick them up,

:22:51.:22:57.

I swallow what I can. I don't want to live through

:22:58.:23:08.

the coming hours. Let's cross to Paris now

:23:09.:23:19.

and speak to the journalist She works as a columnist

:23:20.:23:24.

for the Daily Telegraph. Thanks for joining us. As that

:23:25.:23:33.

extract suggests, this is a no holds barred kiss and tell book isn't it?

:23:34.:23:40.

I guess it came as a complete shock to the President? He found out on

:23:41.:23:45.

Tuesday. How damaging is this for a President who is already suffering

:23:46.:23:50.

pretty low poll ratings? It is very damaging because it comes a few days

:23:51.:24:00.

after there has been a Cabinet reshuffle and what are supposed to

:24:01.:24:03.

be a great shift in policy is to get better results. It is also damaging

:24:04.:24:08.

because what she is saying in effect is that he lied to her, he lied to

:24:09.:24:13.

others, and in France, even if we say that we like politicians'

:24:14.:24:19.

private lives to remain private, in reality we are more and more

:24:20.:24:25.

interested because we feel... So in many ways it could not have come at

:24:26.:24:29.

a worse time for President Hollande. This is also a serious problem for

:24:30.:24:33.

him because as well is being embarrassing, revealing problems

:24:34.:24:36.

about their dramatic relationship, etc, Valerie Trierweiler also takes

:24:37.:24:43.

a swipe at his socialist credentials, saying he does not

:24:44.:24:48.

really like the poor. There is also an extract where she claims he

:24:49.:24:51.

bombarded her with text messages while meeting with the US President

:24:52.:24:56.

and Vladimir Putin. None of this really speaks very well of his

:24:57.:25:01.

credentials as a socialist President, does it? I must say that

:25:02.:25:07.

the excerpts about her family, she comes from a working-class

:25:08.:25:11.

background, and she says that during a family reunion, he met extremely

:25:12.:25:14.

disparaging comments about the way her family looked, and that is, I

:25:15.:25:19.

think, the most damaging of all, because he is very famous for having

:25:20.:25:24.

campaigned and saying he did not much like the rich, but it turns out

:25:25.:25:28.

he did not much like the poor either. She says she's very winded.

:25:29.:25:37.

She says he speaks to also so people over the heads of his advisers and

:25:38.:25:41.

the fact that he text message to her, it speaks of someone who cannot

:25:42.:25:46.

bring himself to have complete resolution over anything. He dropped

:25:47.:25:51.

her after an affair but was trying to have several dates and keep them

:25:52.:25:56.

throughout, which is also something which does not look terribly good

:25:57.:26:01.

right now or indeed at any time. But a lot of people see this simply as

:26:02.:26:05.

the writings of a woman scorned. Do you think the President has a right

:26:06.:26:12.

to be angry about the book? He went after her, she is a journalist, he

:26:13.:26:17.

knew perfectly well that she felt insecure throughout the seven or

:26:18.:26:22.

eight years they were together. If he did not expect something like

:26:23.:26:25.

this I think it was pretty naive of him. How do you expect... Oh, I am

:26:26.:26:34.

afraid we are out of time. This is a story we could keep talking about

:26:35.:26:38.

but for now, thanks for joining me. You have been watching World News

:26:39.:26:43.

Today. Up next, the weather, but for now, goodbye.

:26:44.:26:56.

Hello. Over the next few days, the weather is set to like the last few

:26:57.:27:05.

days. A lot of client. Light wind, but some breaks in the cloud and

:27:06.:27:08.

some sunshine at times. The

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