10/09/2014 World News Today


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Just over a week before Scotland votes whether to remain part


The Prime Minister and the other two main Westminster party leaders pay a


Because I would be heartbroken if this family of nations that we have


put together and that we have done such amazing things together, if


this family of nations was torn apart.


But the nationalist leader accuses those supporting the union of


The American Secretary of State says there will soon be a global plan to


The United States and the world will simply not stand by and watch as


Isis's EV -- evil spreads. The incoming head of the European


Commission unveils a team he says is The giant stones of Stonehenge may


not stand alone after all - evidence of a vast network of religious


shrines is uncovered. With just over a week to go


before Scotland's independence referendum, Westminster's leading


politicians have all travelled to Edinburgh to urge their support


for a No to independence. Britain's Prime Minister David


Cameron said he would be "heartbroken" if the union was torn


apart, stressing that Labour leader Ed Miliband said


the case for staying united came While the head of the


Liberal Democrats, Nick Clegg, urged the Scots to vote No,


promising an exciting new chapter But Scotland's First Minister Alex


Salmond accused his opponents of being more concerned with saving


their own jobs You are looking at a man who knows


that his tombstone may read, the Prime Minister who presided over


the break-up of Britain. You are listening to a man whose


voice began to break as he made It is


the Scottish people who decide. But please be in no doubt that


the rest of the United Kingdom is watching, listening, holding


our breath and we care passionately about this family of nations


and we will be really desperately David Cameron spoke to workers


in Edinburgh's financial district in I think people can feel it is


a bit like a general election. If you make a decision,


in five years' time, Fed up with the Tories,


give them a kick. This is a decision


about not the next five years, It is a decision that is stirring


emotions and testing tempers. A passionate debate between Scots


about what future I say the best way to achieve


those values is together. I say, don't choose


an irreversible separation. Choose to stay together


on the basis of those values. Solidarity, social justice,


together, not alone. From the head, from the heart,


from the soul, What he, what they, are up against,


is the ever-onward march of Yes, the campaign that simply can't stop


smiling. They believe that every


politician from London gets What we are seeing is team


Wstminister jetting up to Scotland for the day because they are


panicking in London. What you call Team Westminister


doesn't have a vote. The team who may stop you are


Team Scotland who may say no. In the last month, and for


the last weeks of the campaign, we have been engaged in a conversation


with the people of Scotland. Alex Salmond knows that


his epitaph could be, the man who was the founding father


of Scottish independence. To complete the Westminster set


today, Nick Clegg made It is not a decision you can


make now and undo tomorrow. So what do drinkers in the


World's End pub make of all this talk of independence


being, well, the end of the world? Do you feel that this is


a big deal or is it just...? Constantly thinking about it


and how to vote I think it is a huge stab


in the dark. Both are unimpressed


by the pleas from Westminster. David Cameron raced out of Scotland


just as he raced in. This is not about me, this is not


about voting out the effing Tories. It is not about the next five years,


it is for ever. Lucy Hockings is in Edinburgh, where


the campaign has been heating up. What a remarkable day it has been.


The momentum is building as is his sense of excitement. We are now


hearing that turnout may be over 80% which would be massive. But also one


of the thing that is crucial right now at this stage, eight days before


polling day, is that 18% of Scottish voters remain undecided. So many of


the messages are being targeted at them. We have yet to see how the


visit of the Prime Minister will play out. Will voters here -- some


of the people here say they don't want to be patronised and it won the


leaders coming up from Westminster to tell us how to vote. It will be


interesting to see how the visit of the three leaders has actually


played out. Our correspondent has been talking to some voters to see


where their opinion is tonight. It is known as the Kingdom of Fife.


A bellwether area. How people vote next week may hold true for all of


Scotland. We gathered people to watch the first televised debate.


They all said they were undecided at the time. They are a snapshot of the


people both sides are trying to win over. Among them are a brother and


sister were both in their 20s and both solicitors. There was more


substance there but there are still not enough. You say there was not


enough information in the first debate, how are you feeling now? I


still don't think information has come out. I'm still veering between


yes and no. Voting yes is a leap in the dark but so is no. Lauren, you


were undecided, how are you feeling? I think my vote will be yes. Various


facts and figures that have come out as an influence me. I also feel that


my vote is for me as well as my two children. This carer in her 40s was


undecided and how she now made up her mind? I'm 60% yes -- I'm 60% no,


40% yes. What factors are influencing your decision? I think


it is the pound. The currency. If we keep the pound, we will not be in


control of it. We will be set by the Bank of England or if we are in


Europe, we will be ruled by Europe and the euro. That worries me. There


is a big conversation going on not just here in Fife but across


Scotland. Families and friends discussing what they want for this


country's future. Engaged in politics in a way where least mean


that in a grey dashing away rarely seen.


So a lot of voters undecided. Are they expecting the turnout to


increase? Everyone here is predicting a high turnout, possibly


as high or more than 80%. Everywhere in Edinburgh, this is what people


are talking about. Everybody has an opinion on this referendum and the


future Scotland. Because this is a decision of a lifetime, probably the


biggest political decision that many people will make. One of the most


interesting things has been talking to some of the half a million people


who live here in Scotland are foreign nationals. There are 35,000


Polish people living here in Scotland and asking them what they


think, it is interesting to note that they would vote yes. They want


Scotland to be independent because they think that Westminster does not


listen to the European Union and is not pro-European. So they think an


independent Scotland not pro-European. So they think an


when you look dashing when you look at some of those


when you look dashing when you look well, it is interesting to see those


debates. I spoke to members of the South Asian immunity. Some are on


the yes campaign, some are on South Asian immunity. Some are on


side. But the debate is firing in that community as well.


What is the impassioned plea, the effect of it and the ramping up of


emotion from the other major UK parties, what is the effect of


those? In recent weeks, it has been parties, what is the effect of


a debate about the economy and the emotional debate. We have not had


much about the economy today, about the welfare state or pensions or the


health service. minister, is not popular year in


Scotland. There is only one Tory Conservative MP here in Scotland.


Most people actually dislike him. Coming up here and telling people he


would be heartbroken has not gone down well with a lot of Scots who


think it is just too little, too late. And some are saying they feel


patronised, that he has sailed in so close to the referendum and told


them what they should do. So I have to wait -- we have to wait and see


what the polls will say with the effect of David Cameron. Ed Miliband


and Nick Clegg were here as well, three Englishmen coming up to


Scotland at a time of heightened emotion and they really worth just


playing the emotional card. David Cameron saying don't break up our


family. It a lot of people were saying they are not anti-English,


they just want their own independent country. But those polls are still


too close to call. There are plenty of people are still want to remain


part of the United Kingdom. It is just not a voice I have been hearing


much of today. Too close to call. Thank you very much.


President Obama is due to give a televised speech setting out his


plans to tackle the Islamic State militant group in Iraq and Syria.


Earlier, French president Francois Hollande


said France was ready to carry out airstrikes in Iraq but said any


action taken against militants in Syria would take a different form.


Meanwhile, US Secretary of State John Kerry has been in Baghdad


for talks with Iraq's new prime minister, Haidar al-Abadi.


Mr Kerry said he was encouraged by the new Iraqi prime minister's


promises to give more authority to the country's Sunni community -


regarded as an important part in the battle against the militants.


He also said he was confident the group would be defeated.


The United States and the world will simply not stand by and watch as


Isis's evil spreads. We all know, we come to this with great confidence,


that ultimately, our global coalition will succeed in


eliminating the threat from Iraq, from the region and from the world.


Laith Kubba joins us from our studio in Washington. Former spokesman for


Iraq's government in 2005 - he now runs the Middle East department for


the US-based organisation the National Endowment for Democracy.


Many thanks for joining us. President Obama is due to make his


major speech spelling out his plans, what you expecting to say?


Certainly, he is going to upgrade the confrontation with Isis. Instead


of simply dropping bombs, he will give a strategy. That strategy is


supposed to include Alissa Cole, in terms of supporting the Iraqi


government, -- include -- supporting the Iraqi government. I expect there


will be more support for the Iraqi army. So it is a package. The White


House now recognises the threat and the lead for the leadership to


tackle that threat. Do you think such a strategy might include air


strikes on Syria? That is a convex issue. I do not know. I know it will


include more support to the Syrian opposition. It is most problematic.


There are various players and they have different positions. Saudi


Arabia has supported the opposition to bring down the ruler of Syria


while he is now needed in the fight against Isis. So it is far more


complex when it comes to Syria. Iraq is the easy part. I think Saudi


Arabia and Syria will be more compensated. -- complicated.


Will this new Iraqi government be in any fit state to put up effective


resistance? It is a bit of a desired outcome, or I would call it wishful


thinking, because the problem now is way beyond Iraq. ISIS has gained


enough momentum to reverse that trend. It will really take


collective, concerted efforts long time. The Iraqi government cannot do


it. The Iraqi government can maybe regain some control over its main


cities, but that is about it. It will not be able to control the


borders, it will not be able to get rid of thousands of volunteers


brought into the area to this very rich organisation today with its oil


revenue. It is a very tough call and nobody should underestimate what is


ahead. I am interested to know how US involvement, military involvement


being viewed by Iraq and by Iraqi neighbours like Jordan and Saudi


Arabia? Unfortunately there is a long track record of nearly ten


years of intervention that has backfired in a big way and a lot of


people in the press, you see it in organisations that are critical of


US involvement. I think a lot of people would cautiously look at what


does this mean? I think the Iraqi government is desperately needs that


commitment, but a lot of political leaders, public opinion, it is


critical of military intervention without checks and balances. The


United States is leading multiple military interventions in the


region, not with very clear policies in the eyes of the leaders in the


region and in the eyes of the population, so even at that level,


it would be difficult to sell this to the region. Thank you.


The president of the European Union, Jean-Claude Juncker, has unveiled


his new 28-member commission, saying the new team was "geared to


There has been intense national rivalry over the top jobs.


Seven vice presidents were announced for key areas such as growth,


Three of the seven Vice Presidents are women, including 41-year-old


Federica Mogherini of Italy, who was chosen directly by EU leaders as


Dutch foreign Minister Frans Timmermans has been


given the role of First Vice President, meaning he will be the


Britain's Jonathan Hill will oversee financial services.


He's the former leader of the House of Lords.


And Pierre Moscovici, the Former French Finance Minister has


been tasked with running EU economic policy.


Joining us to discuss this is Jacki Davis,


Senior advisor at the European policy centre, an independent think


What do you read into this new line-up? After all of the fevered


speculation, every country speculating on which job it would or


would not get. Jean-Claude Juncker said today that he wanted to shake


things up a bit. He certainly has done that, most notably through this


creation of what you would describe as super commissioners, seven people


in charge of broad areas of policy. And with other commissioners working


under them. This is designed to do one key thing, to make sure that


commissioners, which are often accused of doing too much into


areas, he wants them to focus on priorities and he wants to make sure


that the commission of the EU steps up to the plate when it needs to and


sleeves other things to member states. I think this could be seen


as a reflection, a reaction to what happened in the European elections,


a strong signal from countries thinking that Brussels is doing too


much. He wants to be big on the big things and small on the small


things, as he said today. It can be confusing when you look at Brussels


institutions from outside. How important are these new roles and


how important is the commission is very important. It is like a


national civil service, very important. It is like a


and manages the budget. It is the only EU institution that can


and manages the budget. It is the in most areas, that is the job for


the government and the European Parliament, but it has the right to


initiate and starts new things which gives a disparaging the past has led


to accusations that it keeps proposing new things. Jean-Claude


Juncker is trying to move away from that. This new structure is quite


complicated. How much power the super commissioners will have,


nobody is using junior commissioners, that would be


sensitive for countries who do not try to think they have a junior


commissioner, they are talking about you will really have the power in


the commission and that remains to be seen.


The appointment of Jonathan Hill to oversee financial services, as


uprising and important role, some suggesting it could be an attempt to


appease the UK after David Cameron's very public criticism of


Jean-Claude Juncker's appointment as the president. This is very clever,


holding at the Olive Branch. He said today, I decided to give Britain a


major portfolio because they do not want them to leave. This was the


area of major concern to Britain. Most of the financial regulation is


done, so it is not that important, but the signal it senses that


Brussels cares about the UK and is trying to respond to its concerns


and that has gone down very well in London and all goes a little bit


better for the prospects of Britain getting but it needs to stay in the


EEA. Thank you. Now a look at some


of the days other news. The European security organisation,


the OSCE, has said it will use drones to monitor the cease-fire


in Eastern Ukraine from next month. It said both Kiev


and the separatists had been guilty of minor violations


of the five-day-old truce, but urged European nations to give


the cease-fire more time. The Bill Melinda Gates Foundation


has pledged 50 million dollars to help contain West Africa's Ebola


epidemic, which has already killed almost 2,300 people in the worst


outbreak of the virus in history. The funds will be used to buy


supplies and scale up the emergency Manchester United has reported


a sharp fall in profits for the The club said its net income plunged


by 84% to around 45 million dollars. It said it expected revenue in 2015


to fall, due to its failure to On Thursday, a judge will deliver


her verdict in the murder trial of Karin Giannone is


at the courthouse in Pretoria. elves once again here at the High


Court, the climax of this trial. on whether she finds


Oscar Pistorius guilty or not guilty of the premeditated murder


of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in the early hours of


Valentine's Day last year. She has other options


available to her. There is also a charge


of culpable homicide, which carry lesser sentences than


the mandatory life sentence attached There is of course, also,


the option that the judge could find In case you were in any doubt


about the level of interest in this one murder trial, in


a country that sees so many murders The number of media teams camped


across the road from the court. From South Africa and all


around the world. When proceedings get underway again


on Thursday and the judge starts speaking,


delivering her verdict, they will Scientists have discovered a hidden


complex of archaeological monuments at the ancient English site of


Stonehenge, which challenges the New evidence suggests that in fact


Stonehenge was originally part of a huge network of religious shrines,


including a mile-wide "super henge". It is one of the most


studied monuments on Earth. But the Stonehenge landscape is


still giving up its secrets. It's clearly man-made,


they're not natural. Over four years,


the project to map what lies beneath has found everything from the


existence of this circular henge... It is a very short distance


from Stonehenge. ..to


giant pits, channels and monuments. 17 new structures that


nobody knew existed. This is


among the most spectacular finds. It is a communal burial site


from 6000 years ago. It represents the very origins


of ritual and religion. It's extraordinary to think that


there have been so many investigations


of this landscape, and of the land that we're standing on now,


and nobody before has previously 10 square kilometres was mapped


around Stonehenge, using radar that looks into


the ground, to chart the evolution of ever more spectacular monuments


dating from 10,000 years ago. Even here, at the well-known,


well-researched Durrington Walls site near Stonehenge,


they found something new. Beneath my feet,


the radar discovered around 60 holes, two metres wide,


all part of a new, unknown structure It all proved Stonehenge is not


an isolated structure. It is part


of a landscape where multiple memories and traditions started in


Britain, in a drive to build ever more incredible monuments en route


to the most enigmatic one of all. Well that's all from the programme.


Next the weather. But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Hello, it has been a beautiful


September day with sunshine and warmth. Some changes in the


forecast, but there will be more cloud around tomorrow. It will be


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