10/09/2014 World News Today


10/09/2014

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Just over a week before Scotland votes whether to remain part

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The Prime Minister and the other two main Westminster party leaders pay a

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Because I would be heartbroken if this family of nations that we have

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put together and that we have done such amazing things together, if

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this family of nations was torn apart.

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But the nationalist leader accuses those supporting the union of

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The American Secretary of State says there will soon be a global plan to

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The United States and the world will simply not stand by and watch as

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Isis's EV -- evil spreads. The incoming head of the European

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Commission unveils a team he says is The giant stones of Stonehenge may

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not stand alone after all - evidence of a vast network of religious

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shrines is uncovered. With just over a week to go

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before Scotland's independence referendum, Westminster's leading

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politicians have all travelled to Edinburgh to urge their support

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for a No to independence. Britain's Prime Minister David

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Cameron said he would be "heartbroken" if the union was torn

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apart, stressing that Labour leader Ed Miliband said

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the case for staying united came While the head of the

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Liberal Democrats, Nick Clegg, urged the Scots to vote No,

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promising an exciting new chapter But Scotland's First Minister Alex

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Salmond accused his opponents of being more concerned with saving

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their own jobs You are looking at a man who knows

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that his tombstone may read, the Prime Minister who presided over

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the break-up of Britain. You are listening to a man whose

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voice began to break as he made It is

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the Scottish people who decide. But please be in no doubt that

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the rest of the United Kingdom is watching, listening, holding

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our breath and we care passionately about this family of nations

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and we will be really desperately David Cameron spoke to workers

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in Edinburgh's financial district in I think people can feel it is

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a bit like a general election. If you make a decision,

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in five years' time, Fed up with the Tories,

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give them a kick. This is a decision

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about not the next five years, It is a decision that is stirring

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emotions and testing tempers. A passionate debate between Scots

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about what future I say the best way to achieve

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those values is together. I say, don't choose

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an irreversible separation. Choose to stay together

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on the basis of those values. Solidarity, social justice,

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together, not alone. From the head, from the heart,

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from the soul, What he, what they, are up against,

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is the ever-onward march of Yes, the campaign that simply can't stop

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smiling. They believe that every

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politician from London gets What we are seeing is team

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Wstminister jetting up to Scotland for the day because they are

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panicking in London. What you call Team Westminister

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doesn't have a vote. The team who may stop you are

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Team Scotland who may say no. In the last month, and for

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the last weeks of the campaign, we have been engaged in a conversation

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with the people of Scotland. Alex Salmond knows that

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his epitaph could be, the man who was the founding father

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of Scottish independence. To complete the Westminster set

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today, Nick Clegg made It is not a decision you can

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make now and undo tomorrow. So what do drinkers in the

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World's End pub make of all this talk of independence

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being, well, the end of the world? Do you feel that this is

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a big deal or is it just...? Constantly thinking about it

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and how to vote I think it is a huge stab

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in the dark. Both are unimpressed

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by the pleas from Westminster. David Cameron raced out of Scotland

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just as he raced in. This is not about me, this is not

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about voting out the effing Tories. It is not about the next five years,

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it is for ever. Lucy Hockings is in Edinburgh, where

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the campaign has been heating up. What a remarkable day it has been.

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The momentum is building as is his sense of excitement. We are now

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hearing that turnout may be over 80% which would be massive. But also one

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of the thing that is crucial right now at this stage, eight days before

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polling day, is that 18% of Scottish voters remain undecided. So many of

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the messages are being targeted at them. We have yet to see how the

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visit of the Prime Minister will play out. Will voters here -- some

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of the people here say they don't want to be patronised and it won the

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leaders coming up from Westminster to tell us how to vote. It will be

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interesting to see how the visit of the three leaders has actually

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played out. Our correspondent has been talking to some voters to see

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where their opinion is tonight. It is known as the Kingdom of Fife.

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A bellwether area. How people vote next week may hold true for all of

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Scotland. We gathered people to watch the first televised debate.

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They all said they were undecided at the time. They are a snapshot of the

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people both sides are trying to win over. Among them are a brother and

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sister were both in their 20s and both solicitors. There was more

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substance there but there are still not enough. You say there was not

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enough information in the first debate, how are you feeling now? I

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still don't think information has come out. I'm still veering between

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yes and no. Voting yes is a leap in the dark but so is no. Lauren, you

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were undecided, how are you feeling? I think my vote will be yes. Various

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facts and figures that have come out as an influence me. I also feel that

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my vote is for me as well as my two children. This carer in her 40s was

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undecided and how she now made up her mind? I'm 60% yes -- I'm 60% no,

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40% yes. What factors are influencing your decision? I think

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it is the pound. The currency. If we keep the pound, we will not be in

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control of it. We will be set by the Bank of England or if we are in

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Europe, we will be ruled by Europe and the euro. That worries me. There

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is a big conversation going on not just here in Fife but across

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Scotland. Families and friends discussing what they want for this

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country's future. Engaged in politics in a way where least mean

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that in a grey dashing away rarely seen.

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So a lot of voters undecided. Are they expecting the turnout to

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increase? Everyone here is predicting a high turnout, possibly

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as high or more than 80%. Everywhere in Edinburgh, this is what people

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are talking about. Everybody has an opinion on this referendum and the

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future Scotland. Because this is a decision of a lifetime, probably the

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biggest political decision that many people will make. One of the most

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interesting things has been talking to some of the half a million people

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who live here in Scotland are foreign nationals. There are 35,000

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Polish people living here in Scotland and asking them what they

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think, it is interesting to note that they would vote yes. They want

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Scotland to be independent because they think that Westminster does not

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listen to the European Union and is not pro-European. So they think an

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independent Scotland not pro-European. So they think an

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when you look dashing when you look at some of those

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when you look dashing when you look well, it is interesting to see those

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debates. I spoke to members of the South Asian immunity. Some are on

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the yes campaign, some are on South Asian immunity. Some are on

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side. But the debate is firing in that community as well.

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What is the impassioned plea, the effect of it and the ramping up of

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emotion from the other major UK parties, what is the effect of

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those? In recent weeks, it has been parties, what is the effect of

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a debate about the economy and the emotional debate. We have not had

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much about the economy today, about the welfare state or pensions or the

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health service. minister, is not popular year in

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Scotland. There is only one Tory Conservative MP here in Scotland.

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Most people actually dislike him. Coming up here and telling people he

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would be heartbroken has not gone down well with a lot of Scots who

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think it is just too little, too late. And some are saying they feel

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patronised, that he has sailed in so close to the referendum and told

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them what they should do. So I have to wait -- we have to wait and see

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what the polls will say with the effect of David Cameron. Ed Miliband

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and Nick Clegg were here as well, three Englishmen coming up to

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Scotland at a time of heightened emotion and they really worth just

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playing the emotional card. David Cameron saying don't break up our

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family. It a lot of people were saying they are not anti-English,

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they just want their own independent country. But those polls are still

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too close to call. There are plenty of people are still want to remain

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part of the United Kingdom. It is just not a voice I have been hearing

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much of today. Too close to call. Thank you very much.

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President Obama is due to give a televised speech setting out his

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plans to tackle the Islamic State militant group in Iraq and Syria.

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Earlier, French president Francois Hollande

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said France was ready to carry out airstrikes in Iraq but said any

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action taken against militants in Syria would take a different form.

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Meanwhile, US Secretary of State John Kerry has been in Baghdad

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for talks with Iraq's new prime minister, Haidar al-Abadi.

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Mr Kerry said he was encouraged by the new Iraqi prime minister's

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promises to give more authority to the country's Sunni community -

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regarded as an important part in the battle against the militants.

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He also said he was confident the group would be defeated.

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The United States and the world will simply not stand by and watch as

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Isis's evil spreads. We all know, we come to this with great confidence,

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that ultimately, our global coalition will succeed in

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eliminating the threat from Iraq, from the region and from the world.

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Laith Kubba joins us from our studio in Washington. Former spokesman for

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Iraq's government in 2005 - he now runs the Middle East department for

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the US-based organisation the National Endowment for Democracy.

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Many thanks for joining us. President Obama is due to make his

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major speech spelling out his plans, what you expecting to say?

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Certainly, he is going to upgrade the confrontation with Isis. Instead

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of simply dropping bombs, he will give a strategy. That strategy is

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supposed to include Alissa Cole, in terms of supporting the Iraqi

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government, -- include -- supporting the Iraqi government. I expect there

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will be more support for the Iraqi army. So it is a package. The White

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House now recognises the threat and the lead for the leadership to

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tackle that threat. Do you think such a strategy might include air

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strikes on Syria? That is a convex issue. I do not know. I know it will

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include more support to the Syrian opposition. It is most problematic.

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There are various players and they have different positions. Saudi

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Arabia has supported the opposition to bring down the ruler of Syria

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while he is now needed in the fight against Isis. So it is far more

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complex when it comes to Syria. Iraq is the easy part. I think Saudi

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Arabia and Syria will be more compensated. -- complicated.

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Will this new Iraqi government be in any fit state to put up effective

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resistance? It is a bit of a desired outcome, or I would call it wishful

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thinking, because the problem now is way beyond Iraq. ISIS has gained

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enough momentum to reverse that trend. It will really take

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collective, concerted efforts long time. The Iraqi government cannot do

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it. The Iraqi government can maybe regain some control over its main

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cities, but that is about it. It will not be able to control the

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borders, it will not be able to get rid of thousands of volunteers

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brought into the area to this very rich organisation today with its oil

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revenue. It is a very tough call and nobody should underestimate what is

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ahead. I am interested to know how US involvement, military involvement

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being viewed by Iraq and by Iraqi neighbours like Jordan and Saudi

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Arabia? Unfortunately there is a long track record of nearly ten

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years of intervention that has backfired in a big way and a lot of

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people in the press, you see it in organisations that are critical of

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US involvement. I think a lot of people would cautiously look at what

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does this mean? I think the Iraqi government is desperately needs that

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commitment, but a lot of political leaders, public opinion, it is

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critical of military intervention without checks and balances. The

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United States is leading multiple military interventions in the

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region, not with very clear policies in the eyes of the leaders in the

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region and in the eyes of the population, so even at that level,

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it would be difficult to sell this to the region. Thank you.

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The president of the European Union, Jean-Claude Juncker, has unveiled

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his new 28-member commission, saying the new team was "geared to

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There has been intense national rivalry over the top jobs.

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Seven vice presidents were announced for key areas such as growth,

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Three of the seven Vice Presidents are women, including 41-year-old

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Federica Mogherini of Italy, who was chosen directly by EU leaders as

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Dutch foreign Minister Frans Timmermans has been

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given the role of First Vice President, meaning he will be the

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Britain's Jonathan Hill will oversee financial services.

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He's the former leader of the House of Lords.

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And Pierre Moscovici, the Former French Finance Minister has

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been tasked with running EU economic policy.

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Joining us to discuss this is Jacki Davis,

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Senior advisor at the European policy centre, an independent think

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What do you read into this new line-up? After all of the fevered

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speculation, every country speculating on which job it would or

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would not get. Jean-Claude Juncker said today that he wanted to shake

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things up a bit. He certainly has done that, most notably through this

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creation of what you would describe as super commissioners, seven people

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in charge of broad areas of policy. And with other commissioners working

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under them. This is designed to do one key thing, to make sure that

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commissioners, which are often accused of doing too much into

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areas, he wants them to focus on priorities and he wants to make sure

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that the commission of the EU steps up to the plate when it needs to and

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sleeves other things to member states. I think this could be seen

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as a reflection, a reaction to what happened in the European elections,

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a strong signal from countries thinking that Brussels is doing too

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much. He wants to be big on the big things and small on the small

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things, as he said today. It can be confusing when you look at Brussels

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institutions from outside. How important are these new roles and

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how important is the commission is very important. It is like a

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national civil service, very important. It is like a

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and manages the budget. It is the only EU institution that can

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and manages the budget. It is the in most areas, that is the job for

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the government and the European Parliament, but it has the right to

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initiate and starts new things which gives a disparaging the past has led

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to accusations that it keeps proposing new things. Jean-Claude

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Juncker is trying to move away from that. This new structure is quite

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complicated. How much power the super commissioners will have,

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nobody is using junior commissioners, that would be

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sensitive for countries who do not try to think they have a junior

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commissioner, they are talking about you will really have the power in

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the commission and that remains to be seen.

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The appointment of Jonathan Hill to oversee financial services, as

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uprising and important role, some suggesting it could be an attempt to

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appease the UK after David Cameron's very public criticism of

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Jean-Claude Juncker's appointment as the president. This is very clever,

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holding at the Olive Branch. He said today, I decided to give Britain a

:21:36.:21:38.

major portfolio because they do not want them to leave. This was the

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area of major concern to Britain. Most of the financial regulation is

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done, so it is not that important, but the signal it senses that

:21:47.:21:50.

Brussels cares about the UK and is trying to respond to its concerns

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and that has gone down very well in London and all goes a little bit

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better for the prospects of Britain getting but it needs to stay in the

:21:58.:22:02.

EEA. Thank you. Now a look at some

:22:03.:22:05.

of the days other news. The European security organisation,

:22:06.:22:08.

the OSCE, has said it will use drones to monitor the cease-fire

:22:09.:22:10.

in Eastern Ukraine from next month. It said both Kiev

:22:11.:22:15.

and the separatists had been guilty of minor violations

:22:16.:22:17.

of the five-day-old truce, but urged European nations to give

:22:18.:22:21.

the cease-fire more time. The Bill Melinda Gates Foundation

:22:22.:22:25.

has pledged 50 million dollars to help contain West Africa's Ebola

:22:26.:22:28.

epidemic, which has already killed almost 2,300 people in the worst

:22:29.:22:32.

outbreak of the virus in history. The funds will be used to buy

:22:33.:22:37.

supplies and scale up the emergency Manchester United has reported

:22:38.:22:41.

a sharp fall in profits for the The club said its net income plunged

:22:42.:22:50.

by 84% to around 45 million dollars. It said it expected revenue in 2015

:22:51.:22:55.

to fall, due to its failure to On Thursday, a judge will deliver

:22:56.:23:05.

her verdict in the murder trial of Karin Giannone is

:23:06.:23:17.

at the courthouse in Pretoria. elves once again here at the High

:23:18.:23:24.

Court, the climax of this trial. on whether she finds

:23:25.:23:34.

Oscar Pistorius guilty or not guilty of the premeditated murder

:23:35.:23:37.

of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in the early hours of

:23:38.:23:41.

Valentine's Day last year. She has other options

:23:42.:23:45.

available to her. There is also a charge

:23:46.:23:47.

of culpable homicide, which carry lesser sentences than

:23:48.:23:51.

the mandatory life sentence attached There is of course, also,

:23:52.:23:55.

the option that the judge could find In case you were in any doubt

:23:56.:24:01.

about the level of interest in this one murder trial, in

:24:02.:24:08.

a country that sees so many murders The number of media teams camped

:24:09.:24:12.

across the road from the court. From South Africa and all

:24:13.:24:18.

around the world. When proceedings get underway again

:24:19.:24:23.

on Thursday and the judge starts speaking,

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delivering her verdict, they will Scientists have discovered a hidden

:24:26.:24:29.

complex of archaeological monuments at the ancient English site of

:24:30.:24:38.

Stonehenge, which challenges the New evidence suggests that in fact

:24:39.:24:42.

Stonehenge was originally part of a huge network of religious shrines,

:24:43.:24:48.

including a mile-wide "super henge". It is one of the most

:24:49.:24:53.

studied monuments on Earth. But the Stonehenge landscape is

:24:54.:25:06.

still giving up its secrets. It's clearly man-made,

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they're not natural. Over four years,

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the project to map what lies beneath has found everything from the

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existence of this circular henge... It is a very short distance

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from Stonehenge. ..to

:25:17.:25:25.

giant pits, channels and monuments. 17 new structures that

:25:26.:25:27.

nobody knew existed. This is

:25:28.:25:29.

among the most spectacular finds. It is a communal burial site

:25:30.:25:34.

from 6000 years ago. It represents the very origins

:25:35.:25:39.

of ritual and religion. It's extraordinary to think that

:25:40.:25:44.

there have been so many investigations

:25:45.:25:47.

of this landscape, and of the land that we're standing on now,

:25:48.:25:49.

and nobody before has previously 10 square kilometres was mapped

:25:50.:25:52.

around Stonehenge, using radar that looks into

:25:53.:25:57.

the ground, to chart the evolution of ever more spectacular monuments

:25:58.:26:00.

dating from 10,000 years ago. Even here, at the well-known,

:26:01.:26:05.

well-researched Durrington Walls site near Stonehenge,

:26:06.:26:08.

they found something new. Beneath my feet,

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the radar discovered around 60 holes, two metres wide,

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all part of a new, unknown structure It all proved Stonehenge is not

:26:15.:26:19.

an isolated structure. It is part

:26:20.:26:27.

of a landscape where multiple memories and traditions started in

:26:28.:26:29.

Britain, in a drive to build ever more incredible monuments en route

:26:30.:26:33.

to the most enigmatic one of all. Well that's all from the programme.

:26:34.:26:51.

Next the weather. But for now from me and the rest

:26:52.:26:53.

of the team, goodbye. Hello, it has been a beautiful

:26:54.:27:04.

September day with sunshine and warmth. Some changes in the

:27:05.:27:11.

forecast, but there will be more cloud around tomorrow. It will be

:27:12.:27:12.

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