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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.
With just over a week until Scotland votes on independence,
pro-union politicians are doing everything they can to keep
The leaders of the No campaign pledge more powers for Scotland
The Yes campaign says that's a last-minute bribe.
Just days after saying he didn't have a strategy, US President Barack
Obama is preparing to go on offence against the Islamic State militants
Also coming up, the first report into
the MH17 plane crash is published and all the evidence points towards
There are nine days to go before the people of Scotland decide whether to
declare their independence from the rest of the United Kingdom.
Scotland's First Minister, and leading nationalist,
Alex Salmond says the unionists are in a state of absolute panic
following recent polls suggesting that the vote is very close.
The week's traditional Prime Minister's Question Time
at Westminster has been cancelled as all three major party leaders
announced they will head north on Wednesday to campaign to keep
They are all promising the government here will look at three
new powers the day after the voting if only Scotland chooses to stay.
And we can join Lucy Adams and it is getting very dramatic? It certainly
is and what we have seen from the three UK party leaders is a sense of
high match the atmosphere has changed. The tension is really
frightened. What they have said today it is, rather than their
weekly clash at Prime Minister's Questions on Wednesday, they will
travel to Scotland tomorrow, and David Cameron says Scotland is his
priority and we have he needs to be, the only place for him to be, and
there is a sole tyre over Westminster in an act of
neighbourliness and friendship and whilst they will campaign
separately, the messages United, for Scotland to stay with us, but First
Minister, Alex Salmond, says this is an indicator of the chaos of the
better together campaign and that this marks when their campaign fell
apart at the seams. We know from them that they will continue to
campaign on the ground, they have a very strong grassroots campaign and
that they are not planning to do anything different, but from the
three Scottish leaders of the prounion parties are offering a
timetable for new partners in the event of Scotland voting no. They
are not seeing that they are offering any new powers for the two
discussed earlier this year, but have said they will do it and it
will be in place and a draft by Saint Andrews Day in October and a
draft legislation by Robert Burns night in January. This from Allan
Little looking at these issues. It is intended as a gesture of
affection between close neighbours, but is the hoisting of the Saltire
over Downing Street also a sign For Westminster has woken up late
in the day to the possibility that Scotland might
just vote for independence. It's brought the three party leaders
together to set their difference There's a lot that
the political leaders disagree about, but there's one thing we all
agree about passionately and that is our United Kingdom is
better off if we stay together. So tomorrow, the right place to be
isn't in Westminster at Prime Minister's Questions,
but in Scotland, listening to The greatest pressure is on
Ed Miliband. In Liverpool today,
he too flew the cross of St Andrew. The UK Labour leader has to
demonstrate to increasingly sceptical Labour voters in Scotland
that his party still represents And that he offers a real
and credible alternative A vote for No is not a vote for no
change, it is about for change, a vote for change in terms of more
devolution of power, and a vote the change as far as I am concerned in
the way our economy and our country works,
because we have heard the call for In Edinburgh,
the three Scottish party leaders appeared together to reinforce
the impression of party unity. They agreed
on the timetable to deliver more Their difficulty is they still don't
agree The three agree on a combination
of new powers over welfare, Labour want to give Holyrood
the power to vary income tax The Conservatives want to go
further, granting the Scottish Parliament
full control over all personal The Lib Dems are the most radical,
offering to devolve most tax This intervention is a risk
for all three party leaders. David Cameron and Nick Clegg know
they are unpopular in Scotland and that interventions by UK
ministers can often make things worse here, by alienating more
people than they persuade. But it's a particular risk for
Ed Miliband. The polls show that Labour voters
have been crossing to the Yes side in such large numbers
that they have drawn level. Is standing shoulder to shoulder
with an unpopular Tory prime minister the best way to do that, or
will it play into the hands of the nationalists, who have argued for
the last three years that there is no real difference between any
of the three Westminster parties? We have the most unpopular
Conservative prime minister in Scottish political history joined
at the hip with the most mistrusted Labour leader of the opposition ever
in Scottish politics, coming up to Scotland, Labour and Tory together,
with the entire Westminster establishment in total
and utter panic. If I thought they were coming by
bus, I would send them their fare. Gordon Brown,
who announced the timetable for transferring more powers to Scotland
last night, has throughout this campaign seemed highly reluctant to
appear in public with Conservative His allies say he knows the damage
such displays of unity can do to Labour's reputation and its message
in traditional Labour strongholds. The three leaders will not appear
together tomorrow, but they are mounting in an unprecedented show
of unity aimed at keeping Scotland This is a 1000 the campaign and some
are questioning, as we have here, why it has taken so long for the
prounion parties to wake up to the fact that Scotland could become and
could vote for independence in 90s staying, the tension is rising, the
atmosphere frightened, and people wondering what will happen next. --
in nine days time. As to whether the message for prounion will work or
backfire, we do not know and the yes campaign said they will be out
showing the unity within the campaign, they have less parties and
less difficulties to deal with, they will be out campaigning on this
leads, as they have been doing, and we will see on September 18 who's
message comes across strongest. Thank you very much.
Well, the debate over Scotland is being
closely followed by our European neighbours, not least by France.
France and Scotland have a historical relationship going
What are Scottish pipe bands doing parading in July through the middle
In Aubigny-sur-Nere, they have annual festivities
In the Hundred Years War, Stuarts from the Scottish royal
family fought near here alongside the French, against the English.
They were rewarded with a lordship and the chateau
of Aubigny, which stayed Scottish for nearly 400 years.
Enthusiasm for things Caledonian here extends to the culinary.
This is French haggis. The bond is heartfelt.
Scottish people bled for us, for French people,
Whether it's the Auld Alliance and their common antipathy towards
the English or whether it is just that both
countries like to share a drink, there is clearly deep sympathy
for the Scots, not just here in Aubigny, but right across France.
As for Scottish independence, we carried out
an impromptu poll with the audience, the result was clear enough.
Let's speak to commentator Agnes Poirier, who's in our Paris studio.
Welcome again to World News Today, high much interest do you detect in
what Scotland chooses to do? It looks as if the French media and
newspapers woke up this weekend, after the polls suggesting that,
perhaps, the yes could win. It did not cross the French mains that it
was possible. So now there is excitement and a lot of special
reporters sent hurriedly to Glasgow and Edinburgh to report on the first
referendum of that game. A lot of people in France and on the
continent think that if yes wins on the 18th of September, it will open
to the gates for many other regions perhaps within Europe and the
European Union to ask the same. So it is followed with excitement and
some fear, like in London. And if the vote was yes, it's better
feeling in France they have had a special relationship with Scotland,
perhaps more special than England? That is absolutely possible, yes,
and also in some quarters in France, some people secretly hope the guests
will win, because it means London will carry a lesser voice, one that
carries less weight than it once did, the face of British politics
will also change for ever. And on the national stage. Britain will be
reduced. It will be reduced voice and it will have a lesser
importance. So of course, that will make a lot of people smile. But
also, I think -- make a lot of French people smile. But Britain has
everything to lose and Scotland everything to win. Even if Scotland
votes no, Scotland will be offered more autonomy than it has to be and
devolution maximum, a term explained in French newspapers, so the eyes
are very much on London and David Cameron. Just briefly, you spoke
about other regions of Europe looking to this as a precedent, I
suppose Spain key among those watching closely? Absolutely, and we
can talk about the Basque region of Spain, and it will give them ideas
to many others, even some French regions, such as Corsica, and maybe
eastern Europe and in Germany, which is a federation, so let us wait
until the 18th of September to open that Pandora's box. And we will
speak to you after that if it is a yes vote. Thank you.
US President Barack Obama will unveil
his strategy to combat Islamic State militants on Wednesday.
It comes just days after a new unity government was formed in Iraq.
We can speak to Andrew Tabler, a senior fellow in
the Program on Arab Politics at The Washington Institute.
Welcome to World News Today. Mr Obama we know has been reluctant to
get involved in Syria or Iraq again, but what do you think is most likely
out of the White House? I think you have to hear the president talk
about the administration's approach in Iraq, concerning change of
government, working with the Kurds in rolling in some moderate Sunnis
into the rocky state. It is far more complicated in Syria, Islamic State
running more territory. And direct US involvement will be much more
prevalent in the weeks and months ahead. You have experience on the
ground in Syria and do you think it has to be part of the strategy? You
cannot just deal with Iraq alone. That is right and you have to deal
with severe and it is not a problem you can bomb your way out of. Once
you destroy the capabilities and facilities of IS, something has to
fill that vacuum, the Assad regime cannot do it. It is there that
President Obama is looking at backing moderate Sunni forces that
will go into eastern Syria and help fill that void. I do not think it
will be the same forces as proposed in the past, but those forces,
combine with the overall involvement of US allies that borders earlier,
that will probably be the coalition that deals with that aspect and part
of Syria. I was that they need to summon it -- I was at the summit
last week, when President Obama spoke about bilateral with the King
of Jordan and neighbours matter most here?
Yes, they bear a lot of the weight of the spill-over from the crisis.
It was previously thought that the Syrian crisis could be contained,
but the Isis outbreak proves that not to be correct. They have one ask
Tom and that is to back moderate forces to fill up those areas of
Syria that could then later negotiate or break away from the
Assad regime, and that is the path Obama will be going down in the
speech on Wednesday. Thank you for joining us.
The first official report into the Malaysia Airlines crash
Nearly two months on, there could still be passengers resting in and
haven't does not mention the word missile, but it rules out just about
every other option. There was no mechanical problem, no alarms going
off, and the pilots did not make a mistake. So, what evidence is there
that a weapon brought the plane down? The most interesting finding
centres on these holes found all over the front of the aircraft near
the cockpit. It says they are from a large number of high energy objects
does not hit the aircraft, it explodes
nearby, peppering it with small bits of metal. Investigators now believe
they have retrieved of the and the bodies, especially of the crew.
Still, the critical question the BUK, so who fired it? If they can
If they could gain safe access to the crash site, they could work it
out. Because we know the position in the sky, we could reverse engineer
the flight of the missile down to the ground and work out pretty much
within 200 square metre where the missile was fired from. There were
ten Britons on-board MH17. Three have still not been formally
identified. Liam Sweeney was heading across the world to watch Newcastle
play football. His dad says answers will not bring him back. I am happy
to know about the crash, that he probably died in instantly. It
doesn't matter who did it because he is still dead. Able are blaming
everybody else, but unfortunately we can't do anything about it, we have
just got to move on. This report includes one more sobering fact.
Three other large commercial airliners were flying over the same
area at about the same time as flight MH17.
Four people are reported to have died in the Yemeni capital Sana'a
after armed police opened fire on protestors
The demonstrators are from the mainly Shia Houthi group, which has
been calling for more representation in the government, and
We are protesting against the corrupt government
because since the 2011 revolution everything is getting worse.
Security, the health system, education.
This government is more corrupt than the one before it.
It affects me directly, the security situation in Yemen, because I work
as a translator and now there are no tourists coming to Yemen.
I have not worked with tourists for over a year now.
The protests are being organised by the Houthis, a minority Shia group.
Since they formed an armed movement 10 years ago, government forces have
been fighting the group in the north of the country.
But in recent weeks, Houthis have brought their protest
to the capital, blocking the main road to Sana'a airport, demanding
Early on Tuesday, violent clashes broke out after Yemeni police
Several demonstrators were killed and hundreds injured.
We are standing next to one of the checkpoints that have been placed by
the government across the capital Sana'a in an attempt to control the
But, in a country where almost every household owns several arms, many
worry that these checkpoints can do little to contain the situation and
The government accuses the Houthis of trying to help further Iran's
desire to empower Shia movements in the region.
This is a group supported from regional powers and it wants to
Yemen narrowly avoided a descent into chaos after its Arab uprising,
but the latest violence risk bringing Yemen's slow transition
His first book, Chavs, looked at the demonization
Now, Owen Jones is taking on the elite
in his new book The Establishment - And How They Got Away With It.
As he sees it, wealthy bankers, landowners, and even the police,
work together to defend their interests in our democracy.
Well, Owen Jones is here in our studio.
You're at the top of the bestsellers list in the UK this week.
So, are you talking conspiracy or collusion? It is an important point
to make. I am looking at a common mentality that binds people together
in power. For me, what is interesting in Britain in
particular, although we see this globally as well, is people's
attempts to direct their anger at the situation, the angry immigrants,
unemployed people, benefit claimants. What I am trying to do is
redress the balance. Is it your neighbours who are responsible for
the plight of this country, or is it those with power? I think there are
those mentalities which bind a establishment together, the sense of
being worth it, which allows bankers to claim bonuses, or MPs to bill for
expenses, but there is also this revolving door so you end up with
big accountancy firms who tell their clients how to avoid the very laws
they are creating. It is a cynical point of view because you are not
allowing for those who tried to fight or change the reform from
within. I'm not saying it is a conspiracy where people are sitting
with cigars in a smoke-filled room, I am saying this is not about
individual villains. I have met decent people with power, but they
are trapped by the system in which they operate, and that is a system
which ensures that wealth and power is concentrated in the hands of a
small group of people. Do you think it is getting worse because of the
global recession, but also we here in Britain that social mobility is
getting less and less decade by decade. Whether you look at
Parliament or the media, disproportionately people from
private schools and so on, but for me it is something more systemic
than that. It is the fact we live in Britain, a country which in the last
five years, the top 1000 people, their wealth has doubled, whilst 1
million people are dependent on food banks will stop do you think Britain
is more establishment based them, for example, the United States or
our European partners? In all modern countries are powerful interests
find ways of protecting themselves from the democracy. In a British
context, this is how they get away with it. But unaccountable power is
a problem all over the world. My message to people is, rather than
accepting a society where wealth is concentrated in a small group of
people, maybe people should start holding those in power to account,
instead of turning on each other, and find a better look way of
organising a more just and equal society.
It may be the most important literary award
in the English speaking world, and today the shortlist for the
The ?50,000 prize is now open not only to English language novels
from the UK and Commonwealth countries, but also to writers
Joshua Ferris' third novel, To Rise Again at a Decent Hour, sees him one
Australian Richard Flanagan has been shortlisted for his World War Two
tale, The Narrow Road to the Deep North.
We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves is the other American
entry on this year's shortlist, written by Karen Joy Fowler.
The 2010 winner Howard Jacobson has made the shortlist with his work,
and J Neel Mukherjee has been shortlisted with his second novel,
And, it's the third time British author
Ali Smith has been shortlisted, this time with How to be Both.
The manager of the former Formula One motor racing champion
Michael Schumacher says he has left hospital in Switzerland to continue
He's been undergoing treatment after suffering a serious head injury
The hospital in Lausanne when Michael Schumacher had been
In a surprise announcement, the manager of
the seven-time Formula One champion said he has been moved to his home
on the shores of Lake Geneva, where he is to continue his recovery.
The 45-year-old suffered a serious head injury in December whilst
Immediately afterwards, he underwent two operations to remove blood clots
on his brain, before being placed in a medically induced coma.
He was brought round in June, and since then has been receiving
treatment at a centre which specialises in recovery of severely
His manager gave no details about his current commission,
saying only that progress has been made, but she says there is still
Despite this, Schumacher's many fans will hope that his being allowed
home is another small but encouraging sign of his improvement.
Hello. The settled September sunshine is set to continue over the
next few days, but with clear skies through the night, one or two areas
could see temperatures into the low single figures, so a call