09/09/2014 World News Today


09/09/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:07.

With just over a week until Scotland votes on independence,

:00:08.:00:11.

pro-union politicians are doing everything they can to keep

:00:12.:00:14.

The leaders of the No campaign pledge more powers for Scotland

:00:15.:00:22.

The Yes campaign says that's a last-minute bribe.

:00:23.:00:25.

Just days after saying he didn't have a strategy, US President Barack

:00:26.:00:28.

Obama is preparing to go on offence against the Islamic State militants

:00:29.:00:32.

Also coming up, the first report into

:00:33.:00:40.

the MH17 plane crash is published and all the evidence points towards

:00:41.:00:42.

There are nine days to go before the people of Scotland decide whether to

:00:43.:01:05.

declare their independence from the rest of the United Kingdom.

:01:06.:01:09.

Scotland's First Minister, and leading nationalist,

:01:10.:01:12.

Alex Salmond says the unionists are in a state of absolute panic

:01:13.:01:16.

following recent polls suggesting that the vote is very close.

:01:17.:01:21.

The week's traditional Prime Minister's Question Time

:01:22.:01:24.

at Westminster has been cancelled as all three major party leaders

:01:25.:01:27.

announced they will head north on Wednesday to campaign to keep

:01:28.:01:29.

They are all promising the government here will look at three

:01:30.:01:46.

new powers the day after the voting if only Scotland chooses to stay.

:01:47.:01:51.

And we can join Lucy Adams and it is getting very dramatic? It certainly

:01:52.:01:57.

is and what we have seen from the three UK party leaders is a sense of

:01:58.:02:02.

high match the atmosphere has changed. The tension is really

:02:03.:02:06.

frightened. What they have said today it is, rather than their

:02:07.:02:12.

weekly clash at Prime Minister's Questions on Wednesday, they will

:02:13.:02:17.

travel to Scotland tomorrow, and David Cameron says Scotland is his

:02:18.:02:21.

priority and we have he needs to be, the only place for him to be, and

:02:22.:02:27.

there is a sole tyre over Westminster in an act of

:02:28.:02:31.

neighbourliness and friendship and whilst they will campaign

:02:32.:02:35.

separately, the messages United, for Scotland to stay with us, but First

:02:36.:02:43.

Minister, Alex Salmond, says this is an indicator of the chaos of the

:02:44.:02:49.

better together campaign and that this marks when their campaign fell

:02:50.:02:54.

apart at the seams. We know from them that they will continue to

:02:55.:02:58.

campaign on the ground, they have a very strong grassroots campaign and

:02:59.:03:03.

that they are not planning to do anything different, but from the

:03:04.:03:07.

three Scottish leaders of the prounion parties are offering a

:03:08.:03:11.

timetable for new partners in the event of Scotland voting no. They

:03:12.:03:16.

are not seeing that they are offering any new powers for the two

:03:17.:03:20.

discussed earlier this year, but have said they will do it and it

:03:21.:03:26.

will be in place and a draft by Saint Andrews Day in October and a

:03:27.:03:35.

draft legislation by Robert Burns night in January. This from Allan

:03:36.:03:36.

Little looking at these issues. It is intended as a gesture of

:03:37.:03:40.

affection between close neighbours, but is the hoisting of the Saltire

:03:41.:03:43.

over Downing Street also a sign For Westminster has woken up late

:03:44.:03:46.

in the day to the possibility that Scotland might

:03:47.:03:50.

just vote for independence. It's brought the three party leaders

:03:51.:03:55.

together to set their difference There's a lot that

:03:56.:03:57.

the political leaders disagree about, but there's one thing we all

:03:58.:04:03.

agree about passionately and that is our United Kingdom is

:04:04.:04:06.

better off if we stay together. So tomorrow, the right place to be

:04:07.:04:10.

isn't in Westminster at Prime Minister's Questions,

:04:11.:04:14.

but in Scotland, listening to The greatest pressure is on

:04:15.:04:16.

Ed Miliband. In Liverpool today,

:04:17.:04:22.

he too flew the cross of St Andrew. The UK Labour leader has to

:04:23.:04:25.

demonstrate to increasingly sceptical Labour voters in Scotland

:04:26.:04:28.

that his party still represents And that he offers a real

:04:29.:04:31.

and credible alternative A vote for No is not a vote for no

:04:32.:04:39.

change, it is about for change, a vote for change in terms of more

:04:40.:04:44.

devolution of power, and a vote the change as far as I am concerned in

:04:45.:04:49.

the way our economy and our country works,

:04:50.:04:52.

because we have heard the call for In Edinburgh,

:04:53.:04:54.

the three Scottish party leaders appeared together to reinforce

:04:55.:04:59.

the impression of party unity. They agreed

:05:00.:05:03.

on the timetable to deliver more Their difficulty is they still don't

:05:04.:05:06.

agree The three agree on a combination

:05:07.:05:10.

of new powers over welfare, Labour want to give Holyrood

:05:11.:05:17.

the power to vary income tax The Conservatives want to go

:05:18.:05:23.

further, granting the Scottish Parliament

:05:24.:05:27.

full control over all personal The Lib Dems are the most radical,

:05:28.:05:30.

offering to devolve most tax This intervention is a risk

:05:31.:05:37.

for all three party leaders. David Cameron and Nick Clegg know

:05:38.:05:44.

they are unpopular in Scotland and that interventions by UK

:05:45.:05:46.

ministers can often make things worse here, by alienating more

:05:47.:05:49.

people than they persuade. But it's a particular risk for

:05:50.:05:52.

Ed Miliband. The polls show that Labour voters

:05:53.:05:55.

have been crossing to the Yes side in such large numbers

:05:56.:06:00.

that they have drawn level. Is standing shoulder to shoulder

:06:01.:06:03.

with an unpopular Tory prime minister the best way to do that, or

:06:04.:06:10.

will it play into the hands of the nationalists, who have argued for

:06:11.:06:13.

the last three years that there is no real difference between any

:06:14.:06:16.

of the three Westminster parties? We have the most unpopular

:06:17.:06:20.

Conservative prime minister in Scottish political history joined

:06:21.:06:23.

at the hip with the most mistrusted Labour leader of the opposition ever

:06:24.:06:27.

in Scottish politics, coming up to Scotland, Labour and Tory together,

:06:28.:06:30.

with the entire Westminster establishment in total

:06:31.:06:35.

and utter panic. If I thought they were coming by

:06:36.:06:40.

bus, I would send them their fare. Gordon Brown,

:06:41.:06:44.

who announced the timetable for transferring more powers to Scotland

:06:45.:06:46.

last night, has throughout this campaign seemed highly reluctant to

:06:47.:06:50.

appear in public with Conservative His allies say he knows the damage

:06:51.:06:53.

such displays of unity can do to Labour's reputation and its message

:06:54.:07:00.

in traditional Labour strongholds. The three leaders will not appear

:07:01.:07:06.

together tomorrow, but they are mounting in an unprecedented show

:07:07.:07:09.

of unity aimed at keeping Scotland This is a 1000 the campaign and some

:07:10.:07:30.

are questioning, as we have here, why it has taken so long for the

:07:31.:07:35.

prounion parties to wake up to the fact that Scotland could become and

:07:36.:07:43.

could vote for independence in 90s staying, the tension is rising, the

:07:44.:07:47.

atmosphere frightened, and people wondering what will happen next. --

:07:48.:07:56.

in nine days time. As to whether the message for prounion will work or

:07:57.:08:00.

backfire, we do not know and the yes campaign said they will be out

:08:01.:08:06.

showing the unity within the campaign, they have less parties and

:08:07.:08:10.

less difficulties to deal with, they will be out campaigning on this

:08:11.:08:16.

leads, as they have been doing, and we will see on September 18 who's

:08:17.:08:21.

message comes across strongest. Thank you very much.

:08:22.:08:24.

Well, the debate over Scotland is being

:08:25.:08:26.

closely followed by our European neighbours, not least by France.

:08:27.:08:28.

France and Scotland have a historical relationship going

:08:29.:08:30.

What are Scottish pipe bands doing parading in July through the middle

:08:31.:08:38.

In Aubigny-sur-Nere, they have annual festivities

:08:39.:08:47.

In the Hundred Years War, Stuarts from the Scottish royal

:08:48.:08:55.

family fought near here alongside the French, against the English.

:08:56.:08:59.

They were rewarded with a lordship and the chateau

:09:00.:09:02.

of Aubigny, which stayed Scottish for nearly 400 years.

:09:03.:09:08.

Enthusiasm for things Caledonian here extends to the culinary.

:09:09.:09:13.

This is French haggis. The bond is heartfelt.

:09:14.:09:16.

Scottish people bled for us, for French people,

:09:17.:09:24.

Whether it's the Auld Alliance and their common antipathy towards

:09:25.:09:34.

the English or whether it is just that both

:09:35.:09:37.

countries like to share a drink, there is clearly deep sympathy

:09:38.:09:40.

for the Scots, not just here in Aubigny, but right across France.

:09:41.:09:43.

As for Scottish independence, we carried out

:09:44.:09:47.

an impromptu poll with the audience, the result was clear enough.

:09:48.:09:50.

Let's speak to commentator Agnes Poirier, who's in our Paris studio.

:09:51.:10:01.

Welcome again to World News Today, high much interest do you detect in

:10:02.:10:10.

what Scotland chooses to do? It looks as if the French media and

:10:11.:10:15.

newspapers woke up this weekend, after the polls suggesting that,

:10:16.:10:25.

perhaps, the yes could win. It did not cross the French mains that it

:10:26.:10:30.

was possible. So now there is excitement and a lot of special

:10:31.:10:34.

reporters sent hurriedly to Glasgow and Edinburgh to report on the first

:10:35.:10:40.

referendum of that game. A lot of people in France and on the

:10:41.:10:45.

continent think that if yes wins on the 18th of September, it will open

:10:46.:10:50.

to the gates for many other regions perhaps within Europe and the

:10:51.:10:57.

European Union to ask the same. So it is followed with excitement and

:10:58.:11:03.

some fear, like in London. And if the vote was yes, it's better

:11:04.:11:07.

feeling in France they have had a special relationship with Scotland,

:11:08.:11:14.

perhaps more special than England? That is absolutely possible, yes,

:11:15.:11:18.

and also in some quarters in France, some people secretly hope the guests

:11:19.:11:23.

will win, because it means London will carry a lesser voice, one that

:11:24.:11:32.

carries less weight than it once did, the face of British politics

:11:33.:11:37.

will also change for ever. And on the national stage. Britain will be

:11:38.:11:44.

reduced. It will be reduced voice and it will have a lesser

:11:45.:11:49.

importance. So of course, that will make a lot of people smile. But

:11:50.:11:57.

also, I think -- make a lot of French people smile. But Britain has

:11:58.:12:01.

everything to lose and Scotland everything to win. Even if Scotland

:12:02.:12:08.

votes no, Scotland will be offered more autonomy than it has to be and

:12:09.:12:13.

devolution maximum, a term explained in French newspapers, so the eyes

:12:14.:12:22.

are very much on London and David Cameron. Just briefly, you spoke

:12:23.:12:26.

about other regions of Europe looking to this as a precedent, I

:12:27.:12:31.

suppose Spain key among those watching closely? Absolutely, and we

:12:32.:12:38.

can talk about the Basque region of Spain, and it will give them ideas

:12:39.:12:44.

to many others, even some French regions, such as Corsica, and maybe

:12:45.:12:53.

eastern Europe and in Germany, which is a federation, so let us wait

:12:54.:12:59.

until the 18th of September to open that Pandora's box. And we will

:13:00.:13:03.

speak to you after that if it is a yes vote. Thank you.

:13:04.:13:06.

US President Barack Obama will unveil

:13:07.:13:08.

his strategy to combat Islamic State militants on Wednesday.

:13:09.:13:11.

It comes just days after a new unity government was formed in Iraq.

:13:12.:13:14.

We can speak to Andrew Tabler, a senior fellow in

:13:15.:13:20.

the Program on Arab Politics at The Washington Institute.

:13:21.:13:26.

Welcome to World News Today. Mr Obama we know has been reluctant to

:13:27.:13:34.

get involved in Syria or Iraq again, but what do you think is most likely

:13:35.:13:40.

out of the White House? I think you have to hear the president talk

:13:41.:13:43.

about the administration's approach in Iraq, concerning change of

:13:44.:13:52.

government, working with the Kurds in rolling in some moderate Sunnis

:13:53.:13:59.

into the rocky state. It is far more complicated in Syria, Islamic State

:14:00.:14:08.

running more territory. And direct US involvement will be much more

:14:09.:14:12.

prevalent in the weeks and months ahead. You have experience on the

:14:13.:14:16.

ground in Syria and do you think it has to be part of the strategy? You

:14:17.:14:24.

cannot just deal with Iraq alone. That is right and you have to deal

:14:25.:14:29.

with severe and it is not a problem you can bomb your way out of. Once

:14:30.:14:35.

you destroy the capabilities and facilities of IS, something has to

:14:36.:14:40.

fill that vacuum, the Assad regime cannot do it. It is there that

:14:41.:14:44.

President Obama is looking at backing moderate Sunni forces that

:14:45.:14:51.

will go into eastern Syria and help fill that void. I do not think it

:14:52.:14:54.

will be the same forces as proposed in the past, but those forces,

:14:55.:15:02.

combine with the overall involvement of US allies that borders earlier,

:15:03.:15:07.

that will probably be the coalition that deals with that aspect and part

:15:08.:15:13.

of Syria. I was that they need to summon it -- I was at the summit

:15:14.:15:18.

last week, when President Obama spoke about bilateral with the King

:15:19.:15:21.

of Jordan and neighbours matter most here?

:15:22.:15:26.

Yes, they bear a lot of the weight of the spill-over from the crisis.

:15:27.:15:34.

It was previously thought that the Syrian crisis could be contained,

:15:35.:15:39.

but the Isis outbreak proves that not to be correct. They have one ask

:15:40.:15:45.

Tom and that is to back moderate forces to fill up those areas of

:15:46.:15:50.

Syria that could then later negotiate or break away from the

:15:51.:15:54.

Assad regime, and that is the path Obama will be going down in the

:15:55.:15:59.

speech on Wednesday. Thank you for joining us.

:16:00.:16:07.

The first official report into the Malaysia Airlines crash

:16:08.:16:09.

Nearly two months on, there could still be passengers resting in and

:16:10.:16:17.

haven't does not mention the word missile, but it rules out just about

:16:18.:16:27.

every other option. There was no mechanical problem, no alarms going

:16:28.:16:33.

off, and the pilots did not make a mistake. So, what evidence is there

:16:34.:16:36.

that a weapon brought the plane down? The most interesting finding

:16:37.:16:41.

centres on these holes found all over the front of the aircraft near

:16:42.:16:44.

the cockpit. It says they are from a large number of high energy objects

:16:45.:16:54.

does not hit the aircraft, it explodes

:16:55.:16:58.

nearby, peppering it with small bits of metal. Investigators now believe

:16:59.:17:19.

they have retrieved of the and the bodies, especially of the crew.

:17:20.:17:22.

Still, the critical question the BUK, so who fired it? If they can

:17:23.:17:34.

If they could gain safe access to the crash site, they could work it

:17:35.:17:41.

out. Because we know the position in the sky, we could reverse engineer

:17:42.:17:45.

the flight of the missile down to the ground and work out pretty much

:17:46.:17:52.

within 200 square metre where the missile was fired from. There were

:17:53.:17:55.

ten Britons on-board MH17. Three have still not been formally

:17:56.:18:00.

identified. Liam Sweeney was heading across the world to watch Newcastle

:18:01.:18:03.

play football. His dad says answers will not bring him back. I am happy

:18:04.:18:09.

to know about the crash, that he probably died in instantly. It

:18:10.:18:18.

doesn't matter who did it because he is still dead. Able are blaming

:18:19.:18:24.

everybody else, but unfortunately we can't do anything about it, we have

:18:25.:18:29.

just got to move on. This report includes one more sobering fact.

:18:30.:18:32.

Three other large commercial airliners were flying over the same

:18:33.:18:35.

area at about the same time as flight MH17.

:18:36.:18:40.

Four people are reported to have died in the Yemeni capital Sana'a

:18:41.:18:43.

after armed police opened fire on protestors

:18:44.:18:47.

The demonstrators are from the mainly Shia Houthi group, which has

:18:48.:18:50.

been calling for more representation in the government, and

:18:51.:19:06.

We are protesting against the corrupt government

:19:07.:19:13.

because since the 2011 revolution everything is getting worse.

:19:14.:19:16.

Security, the health system, education.

:19:17.:19:20.

This government is more corrupt than the one before it.

:19:21.:19:24.

It affects me directly, the security situation in Yemen, because I work

:19:25.:19:27.

as a translator and now there are no tourists coming to Yemen.

:19:28.:19:31.

I have not worked with tourists for over a year now.

:19:32.:19:38.

The protests are being organised by the Houthis, a minority Shia group.

:19:39.:19:44.

Since they formed an armed movement 10 years ago, government forces have

:19:45.:19:47.

been fighting the group in the north of the country.

:19:48.:19:50.

But in recent weeks, Houthis have brought their protest

:19:51.:19:54.

to the capital, blocking the main road to Sana'a airport, demanding

:19:55.:19:57.

Early on Tuesday, violent clashes broke out after Yemeni police

:19:58.:20:06.

Several demonstrators were killed and hundreds injured.

:20:07.:20:14.

We are standing next to one of the checkpoints that have been placed by

:20:15.:20:17.

the government across the capital Sana'a in an attempt to control the

:20:18.:20:20.

But, in a country where almost every household owns several arms, many

:20:21.:20:25.

worry that these checkpoints can do little to contain the situation and

:20:26.:20:28.

The government accuses the Houthis of trying to help further Iran's

:20:29.:20:37.

desire to empower Shia movements in the region.

:20:38.:20:40.

This is a group supported from regional powers and it wants to

:20:41.:20:48.

Yemen narrowly avoided a descent into chaos after its Arab uprising,

:20:49.:20:58.

but the latest violence risk bringing Yemen's slow transition

:20:59.:21:02.

His first book, Chavs, looked at the demonization

:21:03.:21:15.

Now, Owen Jones is taking on the elite

:21:16.:21:19.

in his new book The Establishment - And How They Got Away With It.

:21:20.:21:23.

As he sees it, wealthy bankers, landowners, and even the police,

:21:24.:21:26.

work together to defend their interests in our democracy.

:21:27.:21:30.

Well, Owen Jones is here in our studio.

:21:31.:21:32.

You're at the top of the bestsellers list in the UK this week.

:21:33.:21:41.

So, are you talking conspiracy or collusion? It is an important point

:21:42.:21:50.

to make. I am looking at a common mentality that binds people together

:21:51.:21:54.

in power. For me, what is interesting in Britain in

:21:55.:21:58.

particular, although we see this globally as well, is people's

:21:59.:22:02.

attempts to direct their anger at the situation, the angry immigrants,

:22:03.:22:06.

unemployed people, benefit claimants. What I am trying to do is

:22:07.:22:12.

redress the balance. Is it your neighbours who are responsible for

:22:13.:22:17.

the plight of this country, or is it those with power? I think there are

:22:18.:22:22.

those mentalities which bind a establishment together, the sense of

:22:23.:22:26.

being worth it, which allows bankers to claim bonuses, or MPs to bill for

:22:27.:22:33.

expenses, but there is also this revolving door so you end up with

:22:34.:22:38.

big accountancy firms who tell their clients how to avoid the very laws

:22:39.:22:44.

they are creating. It is a cynical point of view because you are not

:22:45.:22:48.

allowing for those who tried to fight or change the reform from

:22:49.:22:53.

within. I'm not saying it is a conspiracy where people are sitting

:22:54.:22:58.

with cigars in a smoke-filled room, I am saying this is not about

:22:59.:23:04.

individual villains. I have met decent people with power, but they

:23:05.:23:10.

are trapped by the system in which they operate, and that is a system

:23:11.:23:14.

which ensures that wealth and power is concentrated in the hands of a

:23:15.:23:18.

small group of people. Do you think it is getting worse because of the

:23:19.:23:22.

global recession, but also we here in Britain that social mobility is

:23:23.:23:24.

getting less and less decade by decade. Whether you look at

:23:25.:23:32.

Parliament or the media, disproportionately people from

:23:33.:23:35.

private schools and so on, but for me it is something more systemic

:23:36.:23:39.

than that. It is the fact we live in Britain, a country which in the last

:23:40.:23:42.

five years, the top 1000 people, their wealth has doubled, whilst 1

:23:43.:23:47.

million people are dependent on food banks will stop do you think Britain

:23:48.:23:56.

is more establishment based them, for example, the United States or

:23:57.:24:02.

our European partners? In all modern countries are powerful interests

:24:03.:24:06.

find ways of protecting themselves from the democracy. In a British

:24:07.:24:10.

context, this is how they get away with it. But unaccountable power is

:24:11.:24:13.

a problem all over the world. My message to people is, rather than

:24:14.:24:18.

accepting a society where wealth is concentrated in a small group of

:24:19.:24:22.

people, maybe people should start holding those in power to account,

:24:23.:24:25.

instead of turning on each other, and find a better look way of

:24:26.:24:31.

organising a more just and equal society.

:24:32.:24:35.

It may be the most important literary award

:24:36.:24:38.

in the English speaking world, and today the shortlist for the

:24:39.:24:40.

The ?50,000 prize is now open not only to English language novels

:24:41.:24:45.

from the UK and Commonwealth countries, but also to writers

:24:46.:24:47.

Joshua Ferris' third novel, To Rise Again at a Decent Hour, sees him one

:24:48.:24:52.

Australian Richard Flanagan has been shortlisted for his World War Two

:24:53.:24:56.

tale, The Narrow Road to the Deep North.

:24:57.:24:58.

We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves is the other American

:24:59.:25:00.

entry on this year's shortlist, written by Karen Joy Fowler.

:25:01.:25:03.

The 2010 winner Howard Jacobson has made the shortlist with his work,

:25:04.:25:05.

and J Neel Mukherjee has been shortlisted with his second novel,

:25:06.:25:08.

And, it's the third time British author

:25:09.:25:13.

Ali Smith has been shortlisted, this time with How to be Both.

:25:14.:25:25.

The manager of the former Formula One motor racing champion

:25:26.:25:27.

Michael Schumacher says he has left hospital in Switzerland to continue

:25:28.:25:30.

He's been undergoing treatment after suffering a serious head injury

:25:31.:25:33.

The hospital in Lausanne when Michael Schumacher had been

:25:34.:25:37.

In a surprise announcement, the manager of

:25:38.:25:42.

the seven-time Formula One champion said he has been moved to his home

:25:43.:25:45.

on the shores of Lake Geneva, where he is to continue his recovery.

:25:46.:25:48.

The 45-year-old suffered a serious head injury in December whilst

:25:49.:25:50.

Immediately afterwards, he underwent two operations to remove blood clots

:25:51.:25:58.

on his brain, before being placed in a medically induced coma.

:25:59.:26:01.

He was brought round in June, and since then has been receiving

:26:02.:26:04.

treatment at a centre which specialises in recovery of severely

:26:05.:26:07.

His manager gave no details about his current commission,

:26:08.:26:17.

saying only that progress has been made, but she says there is still

:26:18.:26:21.

Despite this, Schumacher's many fans will hope that his being allowed

:26:22.:26:29.

home is another small but encouraging sign of his improvement.

:26:30.:26:49.

Hello. The settled September sunshine is set to continue over the

:26:50.:27:03.

next few days, but with clear skies through the night, one or two areas

:27:04.:27:08.

could see temperatures into the low single figures, so a call

:27:09.:27:09.

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