12/09/2014 World News Today


12/09/2014

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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Daniela Ritorto.

:00:07.:00:10.

Free for now but found guilty of culpable homicide.

:00:11.:00:13.

Oscar Pistorius leaves court but faces up to 15 years in jail

:00:14.:00:16.

When it comes to murder, Oscar Pistorius is being given the benefit

:00:17.:00:31.

of the doubt. He has had a lucky escape. We will bring you a special

:00:32.:00:36.

report from the Turkish border. The army in Pakistan arrests

:00:37.:00:40.

the gunmen they say tried to kill We say never! Never! And the

:00:41.:01:00.

firebrand of unionism in Northern Ireland, Ian Paisley, has died.

:01:01.:01:05.

Tributes have been paid from across the political spectrum, including

:01:06.:01:07.

from his adverse array turned partner in peace. Today I have lost

:01:08.:01:11.

a friend. -- adversary. It's a case that's

:01:12.:01:21.

captivated the world. A Paralympic superstar on trial for

:01:22.:01:25.

the murder of his model girlfriend. But after a six-month trial

:01:26.:01:29.

South African athlete Oscar Pistorius has been found

:01:30.:01:32.

guilty of culpable homicide for shooting dead Reeva Steenkamp

:01:33.:01:36.

on Valentines Day last year. Judge Thokozile Masipa said

:01:37.:01:40.

the state had failed to prove that Her parents have expressed disbelief

:01:41.:01:50.

that Pistorius was cleared of murder, saying it was not justice

:01:51.:01:53.

for Reeva Steenkamp. But sentencing is at the

:01:54.:01:56.

judge's discretion and could be anything from a suspended prison

:01:57.:01:58.

term and fine to the full term. The athlete will learn his fate

:01:59.:02:01.

in a month's time. But with his bail extended, for now

:02:02.:02:03.

Oscar Pistorius is a free man, The BBC's Africa

:02:04.:02:16.

Correspondent It is judgement time, Oscar

:02:17.:02:30.

Pistorius stands and weights. Then Judge Thokozile Masipa gets straight

:02:31.:02:32.

to the point, is the athlete a murderer? Under the criminal Law

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Amendment act, the accused is found not guilty and is discharged.

:02:45.:02:53.

Instead, he is found guilty of culpable homicide. For once, the

:02:54.:03:02.

reaction is muted. This lesser verdict is the equivalent of

:03:03.:03:06.

manslaughter. Reeva Steenkamp's family and friends try to contain

:03:07.:03:09.

their emotions. It has been an ordeal. From the night the athlete

:03:10.:03:17.

shot Reeva Steenkamp, believing that an intruder had broken in, through

:03:18.:03:24.

to his own tearful evidence at his murder trial. To the anxious wait

:03:25.:03:35.

yesterday and today for a verdict. Immediately afterwards, his uncle

:03:36.:03:39.

thanked the judge for rejecting the charge of murder. We always knew the

:03:40.:03:47.

fact of the matter. And we never had any doubt in Oscar's version. We as

:03:48.:04:00.

a family regrets deeply the impact of the devastating tragic event, and

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it will not bring Reeva Steenkamp back, or help her family and

:04:07.:04:15.

friends. When it comes to murder Oscar a story as has been given the

:04:16.:04:18.

benefit of the doubt, many here consider he has had a lucky escape

:04:19.:04:27.

-- Oscar Pistorius. Reeva Steenkamp's family will have to wait

:04:28.:04:31.

and see if her killer will spend any time in jail. He left a free man.

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The judge rejected the state's claimed that he might flee the

:04:40.:04:45.

country. He could still get a prison term. This is a really serious case

:04:46.:04:51.

of culpable homicide because he used a firearm. Four shots were fired.

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The judge has complete discretion. It could even be a non-jail

:04:59.:05:02.

sentence, but she needs to send a strong message to the public.

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Tonight, Pistorius is back at his uncle's home. Some in South Africa

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have forgiven him, some have not. The possibility of a prison sentence

:05:15.:05:16.

still hangs in the air. With me now from Pretoria is the law

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Professor Shadrack Gutto from Thank you very much for being here.

:05:19.:05:29.

You have been watching this case really closely. What is your

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opinion? Did the judge get it right? I think the judge did convict Oscar

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two charges, and dismissed the other three. The main one, murder, she

:05:46.:05:57.

agreed with the version of evidence that Oscar gave, and I think she

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went too far as to say, part of the reason way is the way he behaved

:06:11.:06:14.

after the killing that he was phoned, he was doing a lot of

:06:15.:06:22.

things, crying and so forth. From that point of view, it is a bit

:06:23.:06:27.

controversial, the argument, I would say at this point. She also

:06:28.:06:35.

intimated that Oscar Pistorius gave contradictory evidence and was

:06:36.:06:40.

devious in many ways in the way he was giving his evidence. And yet, in

:06:41.:06:47.

her conclusions she found that the state did not prove their case

:06:48.:06:52.

beyond reasonable doubt. From a legal point of view, there may very

:06:53.:07:02.

well be an appeal from the state. On culpable homicide, which is the

:07:03.:07:12.

equivalent to manslaughter, he was found guilty. But what that does is

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say, it was reckless and he should have known that if he had shot

:07:20.:07:27.

somebody he suspected was in their home, who could die or be killed,

:07:28.:07:35.

but that it wasn't that he was thinking that Reeva Steenkamp, his

:07:36.:07:40.

girlfriend, whom he had thought was in the bedroom and so on. So it was

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an argument where culpable homicide was found to be valid, and he was

:07:52.:08:00.

convicted of that. And as the clip before this interview indicated, the

:08:01.:08:04.

maximum sentence for that is 15 years. The judge has very wide

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discretion on what to do, we will have to wait and see. What is your

:08:14.:08:24.

opinion on sentencing? My sense is that the judge bent backwards to

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dismiss the false account, which was murder, with a minimum period, well

:08:32.:08:45.

beyond 15 years, and the judge made something which is probably

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something between ten ash 15 years. -- 10-15 years. Then there was the

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other account which was reckless use of a firearm in a restaurant, that

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one is going to carry a lesser sentence. If they run concurrently,

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it may be something just below 15 years. I doubt very much if she is

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going to give the highest. It may be about ten years. Very good to get

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your thoughts, thank you very much for speaking to us.

:09:23.:09:26.

US Secretary of State John Kerry has announced that America is providing

:09:27.:09:33.

Turkey's role in the fight against Islamic State is yet to be

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determined. Senator John Kerry is trying to get backing for the new

:09:42.:09:44.

American strategy against Islamic State, and ten Arab countries have

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agreed to help. Bordering both Iraq and Syria, Turkey has so far refused

:09:52.:09:58.

to let itself be used for US air strikes. The country has been the

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entry point for many fighters. But the situation

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has begun to change. Our correspondent Mark Lowen

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has been given rare access to the Turkish military

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on the border and sent this report. Their day begins with the oath. To

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protect the honour of the Turkish border. 30's army is on the front

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line, Islamic militants in Syria a few hundred metres away. Pausing the

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Assad regime, Turkey has been blamed for allowing jihadi groups to grow

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under its watch -- opposing. Suddenly they see movement, people

:10:44.:10:48.

trying to cross. They go down to investigate who has breached the

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border. It is a family. Just a few of the 3 million Syrian people who

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have fled the war, young lives destroyed. The troops come heavily

:10:59.:11:06.

armed, taking every precaution in case people are involved in

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smuggling or other illegal activities. In this case, they are

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simply refugees hoping for a better life in Turkey. The Army has been

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accused of being too lax in controlling the border, now it wants

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to show it is clamping down hard. 22 members of this woman's family left

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because the regime bombed their village and killed their children.

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Not all of us made it, she says. Syrian jihadi and foreign fighters,

:11:37.:11:42.

have also crossed the border. But as Islamic State has grown, holding

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Turkish diplomat in Iraq hostage, Turkey appears to have woken up to

:11:50.:11:54.

the threat. Syria and Iraq are next door. But the Turkish military

:11:55.:12:02.

insists it can protect Europe. TRANSLATION: We were not slow to

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secure our borders. Europe and Turkey must have confidence. Islamic

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State will not be able to attack our borders. If they come, we will

:12:13.:12:17.

respond with all of our might. Simple methods are also used. This

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wall has now been built at the most vulnerable point. But it is only 13

:12:26.:12:29.

kilometres long. The opposition says it is all too late. TRANSLATION: The

:12:30.:12:35.

Turkish government has helped these groups to grow. Areas where IS are

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really close to the Turkish border. And they disappear fast. We spotted

:12:46.:12:54.

fighters on the other side but they vanished into the forest. It is a

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reminder of how close the danger is, and how the West relies on 30's

:12:58.:13:00.

ability to confront it. -- Turkey. For more on Turkey's role in the

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IS crisis we can now speak with a Turkish analyst

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and researcher Ziya Meral. Thank you very much for coming in.

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In the last day or so, Turkey has been described as an unwilling out

:13:17.:13:23.

-- ally, the weakest link in the fight against IS. Are these fair

:13:24.:13:29.

criticisms? They are not therefore various reasons. -- they are not

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fear. Turkish journalists have not been able to report a lot. Turkey

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has put 6000 people on the no entry list to Turkey. It has arrested

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17,000 people, and it regularly works with western intelligence

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agencies on this issue. There is a disparity between what we see in the

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media and what is happening. Let us not forget, 49 Turkish diplomats are

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currently captive. That goes to show that Turkey was not necessarily

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sleeping. I wonder, without dwelling too much on that hostage situation,

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is that part of the sensitivity that Turkey needs to work with, or that

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the US needs to work around? Exactly, there are three major

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sensitivity areas, what will happen to the Turkish diplomats. Turkey

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cannot jeopardise their safety. Secondly, there is a real threat to

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Turkey. ISIS has not necessarily targeted Turkey directly, but many

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states surround its border. Turkey is facing the most immediate terror

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risk from ISIS. Thirdly, the long-term sensibility. The American

:15:07.:15:12.

plan has no tangible suggestion of a long-term solution. Intervention

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will bring financial responsibilities and a prolonged

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security question. Therefore, it is no surprise that the US has placed

:15:29.:15:35.

parameters. Turkey is also suing -- saying, I am with the US but there

:15:36.:15:41.

are certain places I cannot go. Other factors include the Kurdish

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equation. And Turkey would not want to see anything that would

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strengthen the Assad regime that it has wanted gone for the last three

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years? President Obama has acknowledged the

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idea that we should work with Assad is being politically bankrupt, so

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that is not really being agreed upon. Turkey has been working

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through other issues, there have been peace talks promised with PKK

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and we expect a new road map to be announced. It will optimally tie the

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question of how Turkey can engage with Kurds in Syria directly, and I

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think it could also happen for Syria. Thank you so much for coming

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in and discussing some of the issues with us.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:16:37.:16:41.

The United States has imposed another round of sanctions

:16:42.:16:43.

against Russia, targeting its biggest bank

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and five state-owned defence companies.

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The move is part of a joint effort with Europe over Russia's support

:16:46.:16:48.

Earlier, the Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov,

:16:49.:16:51.

accused the EU of disrupting peace efforts with sanctions.

:16:52.:16:55.

Scotland has seen another day of intense campaigning with less

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than a week until voters go to polls to vote on independence.

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The Yes campaign leaders visited seven Scottish cities in a day.

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Meanwhile, the No campaign prepares for a rally tonight led by Labour

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leader Ed Miliband and former Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

:17:09.:17:10.

The latest polls show the No camp has clawed back a tiny lead.

:17:11.:17:20.

Toronto's embattled Mayor, Rob Ford, has pulled out

:17:21.:17:22.

from the mayoral race, six weeks to go for the election.

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Ford has been in hospital since Wednesday for an abdominal tumour.

:17:27.:17:31.

The Mayor made global headlines last year for admitting he had smoked

:17:32.:17:34.

crack cocaine, but refused calls to step down.

:17:35.:17:38.

His brother, Doug Ford, who is also a Councillor,

:17:39.:17:48.

Pakistan's Army says it's arrested ten people suspected

:17:49.:17:51.

of shooting the education campaigner Malala Yusufzai.

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The teenager was shot in the head by Taliban gunmen two years ago.

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The Nobel Prize nominee survived the attack, going on to win worldwide

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acclaim as she continued to campaign for girls across the world.

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The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil is in Islamabad for us.

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Just run us through the offence, what happened today? Well, the

:18:15.:18:24.

spokesman for the Pakistani military, General Bajwa, has

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announced the capture of ten men who are allegedly behind the attack on

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Malala Yousafzai. He showed pictures of a number of them, including the

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leader, who he said had owned the furniture shop in Swat Valley. He

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also said that they had found a hit list of 22 names of people that this

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group was targeting. He said these men belong to do a little-known

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group called Shura and that this group was acting under the

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instructions of Mullah Fazlullah, the current leader of the Pakistani

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Taliban. We have had a number of reactions, one from a hardline

:19:08.:19:11.

faction from the Pakistani Taliban, who said that the army was lying,

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they were spreading what they described as propaganda, and the

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added that two of the attackers survived are still at large. Malala

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Yousafzai's father was quite positive about the announcement,

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saying it was good news not just for his family, but for the Pakistani

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people. And also for the people of the civilised world. He said the

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beginning of apprehending the attackers of his daughter is a first

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step and it gave hope for hundreds of thousands of people whose lives

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have been affected by terrorism. Few figures loomed larger

:19:43.:19:47.

in the tumultuous history of Northern Ireland than Ian

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Paisley, the former First Minister, Reverend Paisley was a Protestant,

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known for his fiery speeches, who believed that Northern Ireland

:19:53.:19:59.

should remain united with Britain. For decades he opposed closer ties

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with the Irish Republic, denouncing But after a dramatic change of

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heart, he agreed to support peace. Chris Buckler looks back

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at his life. For decades, he was the face and

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more specifically the voice of hardline unionism in Northern

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Ireland. We say never, never, never, never! Critics called him Dr

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No. This one enemy of Irish republicans and a man who refused to

:20:42.:20:47.

compromise his principles. But his life marked one of the most

:20:48.:20:50.

remarkable journeys in modern politics. Eventually he led

:20:51.:20:55.

supporters and his party to government with Sinn Fein. It was a

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deal that saw him share power with a former IRA leader. We needed someone

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with the history and long-standing respect that Ian Paisley had, to

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point out to people that there was a better way ahead. Now we had reached

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the circumstances where the IRA were no longer going to be involved in

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using violence. Ian Richard Kyle Paisley was the son of a Baptist

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minister, and his own passion for preaching and politics was obvious

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from the start. We declare our intentions that we will organise

:21:31.:21:40.

massive demonstrations! It all made Paisley a brand name. In his image,

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he built his own Protestant church and his own political party. The DUP

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even electoral strength and controversy followed him to

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Stormont, Westminster and the European Parliament. He famously

:21:53.:21:57.

interrupted a papal visit. I now exclude you from this house. To many

:21:58.:22:03.

Catholics, he was a bigot and a bogeyman. He flirted with the

:22:04.:22:08.

extremes of nihilism, including a shadowy group called Ulster

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Resistance. Successive British governments find him prostrating. He

:22:13.:22:16.

did make our life very unpleasant for a while. But even then,

:22:17.:22:20.

personally, if you met him, he was perfectly charming. Yes, 71.12%.

:22:21.:22:32.

Even made public voted in favour, Paisley continued to say no.

:22:33.:22:36.

Eventually, a deal was agreed that saw the once unthinkable come true.

:22:37.:22:41.

The DUP entered government with Sinn Fein. Perhaps even more shocking was

:22:42.:22:47.

the new First Minister's friendship with his deputy, Martin McGuinness.

:22:48.:22:51.

It was so good, they became known as the Chuckle Brothers. I think we

:22:52.:22:57.

confounded everybody. We, who were political opponents for decades, his

:22:58.:23:03.

allegiance to Britain, my allegiance to Ireland, but we had the ability

:23:04.:23:07.

to have a proper and decent working relationship, and a friendship which

:23:08.:23:14.

has existed to this very day. Is -- the relationship damaged some of Ian

:23:15.:23:17.

Paisley's other friendships, including some of those in his party

:23:18.:23:21.

and his church, but it defined the legacy of the man who went from

:23:22.:23:25.

protest to peacemaker. I have had a good innings, I have made good

:23:26.:23:30.

friends and I have reconciled a lot of enemies.

:23:31.:23:33.

With me now from Belfast in Northern Ireland is

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He is a fellow member of the Democratic Unionist Party.

:23:37.:23:43.

Someone who knew Ian Paisley for almost 50 years, from when you were

:23:44.:23:52.

a preacher in his church? Yes, I came to Belfast at a very young age,

:23:53.:23:59.

in my mid-teens, and I went to his church and became his assistant

:24:00.:24:05.

minister. I have known him all of those years. There was a time I

:24:06.:24:11.

actually stayed at his home as well. I counted him as a very special

:24:12.:24:17.

friend will stop someone who I would sum up in simple words, he loved the

:24:18.:24:28.

Lord, and unashamedly so, he loved the souls of men and women, and he

:24:29.:24:32.

loved his land. That deserves tribute to the man. I extended to

:24:33.:24:40.

Baroness Paisley and her family my sincere sympathy, and the sympathy

:24:41.:24:48.

of many of her friends. What I have been struck by is something that is

:24:49.:24:52.

surprising, a lot of people speaking about his humour. Absolutely, Ian

:24:53.:24:59.

Paisley was a person who was tremendous, to be in his company, I

:25:00.:25:07.

can remember, maybe if you're down, he would have told you a joke,

:25:08.:25:14.

slapped you on the back, nearly hurt your ribs! Then a big hallelujah,

:25:15.:25:20.

brother, cheer up! He was tremendous at encouraging people. For

:25:21.:25:24.

preachers, he was the best friend a young preacher could have, he was

:25:25.:25:27.

always encouraging. If there were problems, he would try to help you

:25:28.:25:32.

through them. As a politician, he was always there for you. His legacy

:25:33.:25:40.

can be described as confusing. We heard Tom King described him as a

:25:41.:25:49.

menace. I am sure he would have an answer to that. We can view people

:25:50.:25:54.

in different ways. I can assure you that politically and spiritually in

:25:55.:26:00.

Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland was a great debt of gratitude to Ian

:26:01.:26:03.

Paisley, whenever people were turning away from God, he was the

:26:04.:26:10.

person who was used to turn many thousands of precious souls to

:26:11.:26:15.

Christ and was a big Evangelist, and politically, whenever things were

:26:16.:26:18.

difficult, and there was a trend which was ticking Northern Ireland

:26:19.:26:21.

out of the United Kingdom, he was the voice of the people. And make no

:26:22.:26:28.

mistake, at his passing, Northern Ireland is more firm within the UK

:26:29.:26:34.

than ever before, in all my years. It was a tough day for you, so I

:26:35.:26:38.

appreciate your time and your reflections, thank you very much.

:26:39.:26:43.

Thank you very much, we loved the big man.

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Well, that's all from the programme. Next, the weather.

:26:47.:26:58.

Hello. Lots of fine and settled weather in store for the next few

:26:59.:27:05.

days with high pressure in charge. The weekend looks mainly dry,

:27:06.:27:08.

perhaps the chance of a shower on

:27:09.:27:10.

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