12/09/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Daniela Ritorto.


Free for now but found guilty of culpable homicide.


Oscar Pistorius leaves court but faces up to 15 years in jail


When it comes to murder, Oscar Pistorius is being given the benefit


of the doubt. He has had a lucky escape. We will bring you a special


report from the Turkish border. The army in Pakistan arrests


the gunmen they say tried to kill We say never! Never! And the


firebrand of unionism in Northern Ireland, Ian Paisley, has died.


Tributes have been paid from across the political spectrum, including


from his adverse array turned partner in peace. Today I have lost


a friend. -- adversary. It's a case that's


captivated the world. A Paralympic superstar on trial for


the murder of his model girlfriend. But after a six-month trial


South African athlete Oscar Pistorius has been found


guilty of culpable homicide for shooting dead Reeva Steenkamp


on Valentines Day last year. Judge Thokozile Masipa said


the state had failed to prove that Her parents have expressed disbelief


that Pistorius was cleared of murder, saying it was not justice


for Reeva Steenkamp. But sentencing is at the


judge's discretion and could be anything from a suspended prison


term and fine to the full term. The athlete will learn his fate


in a month's time. But with his bail extended, for now


Oscar Pistorius is a free man, The BBC's Africa


Correspondent It is judgement time, Oscar


Pistorius stands and weights. Then Judge Thokozile Masipa gets straight


to the point, is the athlete a murderer? Under the criminal Law


Amendment act, the accused is found not guilty and is discharged.


Instead, he is found guilty of culpable homicide. For once, the


reaction is muted. This lesser verdict is the equivalent of


manslaughter. Reeva Steenkamp's family and friends try to contain


their emotions. It has been an ordeal. From the night the athlete


shot Reeva Steenkamp, believing that an intruder had broken in, through


to his own tearful evidence at his murder trial. To the anxious wait


yesterday and today for a verdict. Immediately afterwards, his uncle


thanked the judge for rejecting the charge of murder. We always knew the


fact of the matter. And we never had any doubt in Oscar's version. We as


a family regrets deeply the impact of the devastating tragic event, and


it will not bring Reeva Steenkamp back, or help her family and


friends. When it comes to murder Oscar a story as has been given the


benefit of the doubt, many here consider he has had a lucky escape


-- Oscar Pistorius. Reeva Steenkamp's family will have to wait


and see if her killer will spend any time in jail. He left a free man.


The judge rejected the state's claimed that he might flee the


country. He could still get a prison term. This is a really serious case


of culpable homicide because he used a firearm. Four shots were fired.


The judge has complete discretion. It could even be a non-jail


sentence, but she needs to send a strong message to the public.


Tonight, Pistorius is back at his uncle's home. Some in South Africa


have forgiven him, some have not. The possibility of a prison sentence


still hangs in the air. With me now from Pretoria is the law


Professor Shadrack Gutto from Thank you very much for being here.


You have been watching this case really closely. What is your


opinion? Did the judge get it right? I think the judge did convict Oscar


two charges, and dismissed the other three. The main one, murder, she


agreed with the version of evidence that Oscar gave, and I think she


went too far as to say, part of the reason way is the way he behaved


after the killing that he was phoned, he was doing a lot of


things, crying and so forth. From that point of view, it is a bit


controversial, the argument, I would say at this point. She also


intimated that Oscar Pistorius gave contradictory evidence and was


devious in many ways in the way he was giving his evidence. And yet, in


her conclusions she found that the state did not prove their case


beyond reasonable doubt. From a legal point of view, there may very


well be an appeal from the state. On culpable homicide, which is the


equivalent to manslaughter, he was found guilty. But what that does is


say, it was reckless and he should have known that if he had shot


somebody he suspected was in their home, who could die or be killed,


but that it wasn't that he was thinking that Reeva Steenkamp, his


girlfriend, whom he had thought was in the bedroom and so on. So it was


an argument where culpable homicide was found to be valid, and he was


convicted of that. And as the clip before this interview indicated, the


maximum sentence for that is 15 years. The judge has very wide


discretion on what to do, we will have to wait and see. What is your


opinion on sentencing? My sense is that the judge bent backwards to


dismiss the false account, which was murder, with a minimum period, well


beyond 15 years, and the judge made something which is probably


something between ten ash 15 years. -- 10-15 years. Then there was the


other account which was reckless use of a firearm in a restaurant, that


one is going to carry a lesser sentence. If they run concurrently,


it may be something just below 15 years. I doubt very much if she is


going to give the highest. It may be about ten years. Very good to get


your thoughts, thank you very much for speaking to us.


US Secretary of State John Kerry has announced that America is providing


Turkey's role in the fight against Islamic State is yet to be


determined. Senator John Kerry is trying to get backing for the new


American strategy against Islamic State, and ten Arab countries have


agreed to help. Bordering both Iraq and Syria, Turkey has so far refused


to let itself be used for US air strikes. The country has been the


entry point for many fighters. But the situation


has begun to change. Our correspondent Mark Lowen


has been given rare access to the Turkish military


on the border and sent this report. Their day begins with the oath. To


protect the honour of the Turkish border. 30's army is on the front


line, Islamic militants in Syria a few hundred metres away. Pausing the


Assad regime, Turkey has been blamed for allowing jihadi groups to grow


under its watch -- opposing. Suddenly they see movement, people


trying to cross. They go down to investigate who has breached the


border. It is a family. Just a few of the 3 million Syrian people who


have fled the war, young lives destroyed. The troops come heavily


armed, taking every precaution in case people are involved in


smuggling or other illegal activities. In this case, they are


simply refugees hoping for a better life in Turkey. The Army has been


accused of being too lax in controlling the border, now it wants


to show it is clamping down hard. 22 members of this woman's family left


because the regime bombed their village and killed their children.


Not all of us made it, she says. Syrian jihadi and foreign fighters,


have also crossed the border. But as Islamic State has grown, holding


Turkish diplomat in Iraq hostage, Turkey appears to have woken up to


the threat. Syria and Iraq are next door. But the Turkish military


insists it can protect Europe. TRANSLATION: We were not slow to


secure our borders. Europe and Turkey must have confidence. Islamic


State will not be able to attack our borders. If they come, we will


respond with all of our might. Simple methods are also used. This


wall has now been built at the most vulnerable point. But it is only 13


kilometres long. The opposition says it is all too late. TRANSLATION: The


Turkish government has helped these groups to grow. Areas where IS are


really close to the Turkish border. And they disappear fast. We spotted


fighters on the other side but they vanished into the forest. It is a


reminder of how close the danger is, and how the West relies on 30's


ability to confront it. -- Turkey. For more on Turkey's role in the


IS crisis we can now speak with a Turkish analyst


and researcher Ziya Meral. Thank you very much for coming in.


In the last day or so, Turkey has been described as an unwilling out


-- ally, the weakest link in the fight against IS. Are these fair


criticisms? They are not therefore various reasons. -- they are not


fear. Turkish journalists have not been able to report a lot. Turkey


has put 6000 people on the no entry list to Turkey. It has arrested


17,000 people, and it regularly works with western intelligence


agencies on this issue. There is a disparity between what we see in the


media and what is happening. Let us not forget, 49 Turkish diplomats are


currently captive. That goes to show that Turkey was not necessarily


sleeping. I wonder, without dwelling too much on that hostage situation,


is that part of the sensitivity that Turkey needs to work with, or that


the US needs to work around? Exactly, there are three major


sensitivity areas, what will happen to the Turkish diplomats. Turkey


cannot jeopardise their safety. Secondly, there is a real threat to


Turkey. ISIS has not necessarily targeted Turkey directly, but many


states surround its border. Turkey is facing the most immediate terror


risk from ISIS. Thirdly, the long-term sensibility. The American


plan has no tangible suggestion of a long-term solution. Intervention


will bring financial responsibilities and a prolonged


security question. Therefore, it is no surprise that the US has placed


parameters. Turkey is also suing -- saying, I am with the US but there


are certain places I cannot go. Other factors include the Kurdish


equation. And Turkey would not want to see anything that would


strengthen the Assad regime that it has wanted gone for the last three


years? President Obama has acknowledged the


idea that we should work with Assad is being politically bankrupt, so


that is not really being agreed upon. Turkey has been working


through other issues, there have been peace talks promised with PKK


and we expect a new road map to be announced. It will optimally tie the


question of how Turkey can engage with Kurds in Syria directly, and I


think it could also happen for Syria. Thank you so much for coming


in and discussing some of the issues with us.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The United States has imposed another round of sanctions


against Russia, targeting its biggest bank


and five state-owned defence companies.


The move is part of a joint effort with Europe over Russia's support


Earlier, the Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov,


accused the EU of disrupting peace efforts with sanctions.


Scotland has seen another day of intense campaigning with less


than a week until voters go to polls to vote on independence.


The Yes campaign leaders visited seven Scottish cities in a day.


Meanwhile, the No campaign prepares for a rally tonight led by Labour


leader Ed Miliband and former Prime Minister Gordon Brown.


The latest polls show the No camp has clawed back a tiny lead.


Toronto's embattled Mayor, Rob Ford, has pulled out


from the mayoral race, six weeks to go for the election.


Ford has been in hospital since Wednesday for an abdominal tumour.


The Mayor made global headlines last year for admitting he had smoked


crack cocaine, but refused calls to step down.


His brother, Doug Ford, who is also a Councillor,


Pakistan's Army says it's arrested ten people suspected


of shooting the education campaigner Malala Yusufzai.


The teenager was shot in the head by Taliban gunmen two years ago.


The Nobel Prize nominee survived the attack, going on to win worldwide


acclaim as she continued to campaign for girls across the world.


The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil is in Islamabad for us.


Just run us through the offence, what happened today? Well, the


spokesman for the Pakistani military, General Bajwa, has


announced the capture of ten men who are allegedly behind the attack on


Malala Yousafzai. He showed pictures of a number of them, including the


leader, who he said had owned the furniture shop in Swat Valley. He


also said that they had found a hit list of 22 names of people that this


group was targeting. He said these men belong to do a little-known


group called Shura and that this group was acting under the


instructions of Mullah Fazlullah, the current leader of the Pakistani


Taliban. We have had a number of reactions, one from a hardline


faction from the Pakistani Taliban, who said that the army was lying,


they were spreading what they described as propaganda, and the


added that two of the attackers survived are still at large. Malala


Yousafzai's father was quite positive about the announcement,


saying it was good news not just for his family, but for the Pakistani


people. And also for the people of the civilised world. He said the


beginning of apprehending the attackers of his daughter is a first


step and it gave hope for hundreds of thousands of people whose lives


have been affected by terrorism. Few figures loomed larger


in the tumultuous history of Northern Ireland than Ian


Paisley, the former First Minister, Reverend Paisley was a Protestant,


known for his fiery speeches, who believed that Northern Ireland


should remain united with Britain. For decades he opposed closer ties


with the Irish Republic, denouncing But after a dramatic change of


heart, he agreed to support peace. Chris Buckler looks back


at his life. For decades, he was the face and


more specifically the voice of hardline unionism in Northern


Ireland. We say never, never, never, never! Critics called him Dr


No. This one enemy of Irish republicans and a man who refused to


compromise his principles. But his life marked one of the most


remarkable journeys in modern politics. Eventually he led


supporters and his party to government with Sinn Fein. It was a


deal that saw him share power with a former IRA leader. We needed someone


with the history and long-standing respect that Ian Paisley had, to


point out to people that there was a better way ahead. Now we had reached


the circumstances where the IRA were no longer going to be involved in


using violence. Ian Richard Kyle Paisley was the son of a Baptist


minister, and his own passion for preaching and politics was obvious


from the start. We declare our intentions that we will organise


massive demonstrations! It all made Paisley a brand name. In his image,


he built his own Protestant church and his own political party. The DUP


even electoral strength and controversy followed him to


Stormont, Westminster and the European Parliament. He famously


interrupted a papal visit. I now exclude you from this house. To many


Catholics, he was a bigot and a bogeyman. He flirted with the


extremes of nihilism, including a shadowy group called Ulster


Resistance. Successive British governments find him prostrating. He


did make our life very unpleasant for a while. But even then,


personally, if you met him, he was perfectly charming. Yes, 71.12%.


Even made public voted in favour, Paisley continued to say no.


Eventually, a deal was agreed that saw the once unthinkable come true.


The DUP entered government with Sinn Fein. Perhaps even more shocking was


the new First Minister's friendship with his deputy, Martin McGuinness.


It was so good, they became known as the Chuckle Brothers. I think we


confounded everybody. We, who were political opponents for decades, his


allegiance to Britain, my allegiance to Ireland, but we had the ability


to have a proper and decent working relationship, and a friendship which


has existed to this very day. Is -- the relationship damaged some of Ian


Paisley's other friendships, including some of those in his party


and his church, but it defined the legacy of the man who went from


protest to peacemaker. I have had a good innings, I have made good


friends and I have reconciled a lot of enemies.


With me now from Belfast in Northern Ireland is


He is a fellow member of the Democratic Unionist Party.


Someone who knew Ian Paisley for almost 50 years, from when you were


a preacher in his church? Yes, I came to Belfast at a very young age,


in my mid-teens, and I went to his church and became his assistant


minister. I have known him all of those years. There was a time I


actually stayed at his home as well. I counted him as a very special


friend will stop someone who I would sum up in simple words, he loved the


Lord, and unashamedly so, he loved the souls of men and women, and he


loved his land. That deserves tribute to the man. I extended to


Baroness Paisley and her family my sincere sympathy, and the sympathy


of many of her friends. What I have been struck by is something that is


surprising, a lot of people speaking about his humour. Absolutely, Ian


Paisley was a person who was tremendous, to be in his company, I


can remember, maybe if you're down, he would have told you a joke,


slapped you on the back, nearly hurt your ribs! Then a big hallelujah,


brother, cheer up! He was tremendous at encouraging people. For


preachers, he was the best friend a young preacher could have, he was


always encouraging. If there were problems, he would try to help you


through them. As a politician, he was always there for you. His legacy


can be described as confusing. We heard Tom King described him as a


menace. I am sure he would have an answer to that. We can view people


in different ways. I can assure you that politically and spiritually in


Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland was a great debt of gratitude to Ian


Paisley, whenever people were turning away from God, he was the


person who was used to turn many thousands of precious souls to


Christ and was a big Evangelist, and politically, whenever things were


difficult, and there was a trend which was ticking Northern Ireland


out of the United Kingdom, he was the voice of the people. And make no


mistake, at his passing, Northern Ireland is more firm within the UK


than ever before, in all my years. It was a tough day for you, so I


appreciate your time and your reflections, thank you very much.


Thank you very much, we loved the big man.


Well, that's all from the programme. Next, the weather.


Hello. Lots of fine and settled weather in store for the next few


days with high pressure in charge. The weekend looks mainly dry,


perhaps the chance of a shower on


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