15/09/2014 World News Today


15/09/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Daniela Ritorto. A show of unity

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in Paris. 30 countries come together to

:00:11.:00:15.

promise whatever means necessary to fight Islamic State militants in

:00:16.:00:19.

Iraq. 500 migrants are feared dead after a

:00:20.:00:24.

shipwreck near Malta. Two survivors say traffickers sunk it

:00:25.:00:28.

deliberately. Also coming up: The British Prime

:00:29.:00:31.

Minister, David Cameron makes a plea to people thinking of voting Yes to

:00:32.:00:38.

want by ripping your country apart, you don't get change by undermining

:00:39.:00:45.

your economy, and damaging your businesses and diminishing your

:00:46.:00:47.

Shakespeare and Poland - how a

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radical design of a new theatre in Gdansk aims to revive a dramatic

:00:54.:00:56.

A big international meeting in Paris has

:00:57.:01:16.

wrapped up, aimed at broadening the international campaign against

:01:17.:01:21.

Islamic State. So, what did they decide? Well foreign ministers from

:01:22.:01:26.

30 countries signed up to help Iraq fight the militants "by all means

:01:27.:01:32.

necessary". One notable absentee from the talks though was Iran,

:01:33.:01:37.

whose leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, poured scorn over the

:01:38.:01:41.

international coalition. He said he personally rejected a US offer to

:01:42.:01:45.

cooperate. Iraq's Foreign Minister expressed "regret" that Iran was not

:01:46.:01:50.

invited to the conference. The murder of David Haines at the

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weekend, the third Western hostage to be killed by the group, has given

:01:54.:01:56.

a new urgency to formalising a unified strategy against the

:01:57.:02:00.

militants. They're now threatening to kill a fourth - a British aid

:02:01.:02:03.

volunteer - as our security correspondent Frank Gardner reports.

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David Haines, murdered. The recent beheading of these three Western

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hostages by the so-called Islamic State has helped Alvin eyes world

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leaders -- has helped focus world leaders. Britain's Home Secretary is

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where that the life of this dish hostage lies in the balance. We have

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to do what we can stop -- the life of this hostage from Britain lies in

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the balance. The challenge for those countries

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lining up against Islamic State is considerable. The shaded parts of

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the map sure the territory it now controls. 6 million people are

:03:14.:03:19.

believed to be living under the rule of IS. The CIA estimates it has

:03:20.:03:27.

30,000 fighters. The Government of Iraq feels most threatened. This

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terrorist organisation has killed elderly people, children, men and

:03:38.:03:42.

women. It aims to establish a state which is a base for further action

:03:43.:03:45.

in the Middle East and throughout the world.

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John Kerry has spent the last few days racing around the Middle East

:03:51.:03:54.

forming an alliance against IS. The strategy for confronting Islamic

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State involves not just Iraq and groups in Syria, it is also pulling

:04:01.:04:05.

in all the neighbouring Arab States. The seam-macro two as a threat to

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them as much as it is to the West. -- the sea IS as a threat.

:04:16.:04:30.

He will Islamic State react? They have been hurt by US strikes but do

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they have a head and plan? IS wants to draw Western involvement further

:04:46.:04:50.

in order to block them down. Caught up in this is a taxi driver. He was

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kidnapped delivering aid to refugees in Syria. Islamic State have

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threatened to behead him. As I mentioned earlier one notable

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absentee from the talks in Paris was Iran - it has not been invited to

:05:04.:05:09.

the conference and has rejected But could this global effort

:05:10.:05:12.

to fight Islamic State work Iran is fighting IS. Probably more

:05:13.:05:35.

than any other force right now. Iran backed various militias in Iraq.

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They have been involved in some fierce fighting. What is going on in

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Iraq and Syria is already immensely tangled. This new fight graphs

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another layer of confrontation and difficulty onto all of that. There

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are all kinds of contradictions and potential mishaps for the future

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inherent in everything that is happening.

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With me is Ayham Kamel, Director of the Middle East and North Africa

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Iran was not invited to those stocks that should it have been? It was

:06:18.:06:36.

problematic. -- Iran was not invited to those discussions. Should it have

:06:37.:06:43.

been? Overall not having Iran, one of the

:06:44.:06:51.

cord forces fighting IS on the ground, is in negative, but it is a

:06:52.:06:57.

complicated issue. It is, located on many levels. Let us talk about what

:06:58.:07:02.

came out at Paris today. How satisfactory was at? The slogan is

:07:03.:07:14.

an animated campaign. The reality is there is a clear line. Everyone is

:07:15.:07:27.

hedging. Everyone is watching to see what sort of a campaign we get and

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what sort of reaction we get from Islamic State. One key issue is that

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Islamic State has support across the Middle East. A small minority, but

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one that can be very violent. We are talking about Iraq, but the

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calculations for cilia are different and complicated. If IS is driven out

:07:54.:08:05.

of Northern Syrian tones, who is there? President Obama is hoping

:08:06.:08:13.

that a moderate force will be treated in time to fill the vacuum.

:08:14.:08:22.

The president nor is the cilia leg of the strategy against IS will be

:08:23.:08:32.

more complicated than the Iraq one. -- the president knows that the

:08:33.:08:38.

Syria leg of the strategy will be more, located. We are in for a very

:08:39.:08:49.

coveted as picture and one that can destabilise. What about the point

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that was touched on, that IS is gunning for a fight with the West.

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Are we taking that studiously? I do not think anyone has considered the

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repercussions of this. This will be a more Western type campaign. Part

:09:10.:09:13.

of the Palace conference is to give it a broader vision, Arab

:09:14.:09:31.

participation, silly participation. -- Sunni participation. The problem

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is that IS will be here for up to four years to come. There are no

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easy solutions. A German man has gone on trial in

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Frankfurt, accused of being a member Prosecutors say Kreshnik Berisha,

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whose face has been blurred for legal reasons, travelled to

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Syria last year and fought with the The 20-year-old, who once played

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for a Jewish football club, It's the first such case to

:10:00.:10:06.

come to court in Germany. More than 400 people

:10:07.:10:11.

from the country are said to have travelled to Syria to fight

:10:12.:10:16.

since the conflict began. Several hundred migrants from Africa

:10:17.:10:23.

and the Middle East who were trying to reach Europe are feared to have

:10:24.:10:26.

died over the past few days. Up to 500 people trying to

:10:27.:10:29.

reach Italy are believed to have lost their lives when their boat

:10:30.:10:32.

sank near Malta on Thursday. In a separate incident, the Libyan

:10:33.:10:34.

navy said dozens of African migrants drowned off the Libyan coast

:10:35.:10:38.

after their vessel sank. Exhausted and dejected. But they are

:10:39.:10:55.

the lucky ones. Rescued after two vessels outsized. -- after two

:10:56.:11:16.

vessels capsized. In a separate incident it is thought that up to

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500 people may have died off the coast of Malta. Two survivors have

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told the story. These latest disasters could put the number of

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people estimated to have died trying to cross the Mediterranean this year

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close to 3000. The organisation sees 100,000 people have been rescued

:11:46.:11:49.

since January. The Italians say they have picked up thousands of migrants

:11:50.:11:52.

this weekend alone. We can speak to Leonard Doyle,

:11:53.:11:59.

spokesman for the International Organisation

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for Migration based in Geneva. Can we try to firm up some of these

:12:02.:12:19.

numbers? What we know, and has been widely reported, is that 200

:12:20.:12:23.

migrants died off the coast of Libya. But much more serious,

:12:24.:12:27.

because of the nature of the incident, is what we are learning

:12:28.:12:30.

from eyewitnesses and survivors to the incident off the coast of

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Malta, and which we are feeling that 500 migrants may have died, there

:12:37.:12:41.

are vessel having been deliberately rammed. We are talking about 700

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lives lost in a couple of days off the coast of Europe. That is a

:12:50.:12:53.

disaster. It is more than a disaster because of the callousness and evil

:12:54.:12:58.

that has been behind it. These traffickers take a large amount of

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money from these migrants who are seeking a better life and fleeing

:13:03.:13:07.

from war and horrible situations in their own countries. Men, women and

:13:08.:13:14.

children. They take money from them and the puts them in vessels that

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are not safe and now they seem to have deliberately sunk a vessel.

:13:19.:13:25.

What is being done to try to stop these tragedies? Do we go after the

:13:26.:13:31.

people smugglers themselves? There is always push and pull factors with

:13:32.:13:40.

asylum seeking. We need to take on board that the statistics collected

:13:41.:13:43.

worldwide are showing that the number of people dying in migrations

:13:44.:13:53.

in America is going down sharply. In safe is your it is practically zero

:13:54.:14:02.

deaths. In the Mediterranean it is nearly 3000. -- in the South Asia it

:14:03.:14:12.

practically zero deaths. It is also a question of what is happening in

:14:13.:14:16.

the environment of Europe. People coming from North Africa where there

:14:17.:14:21.

is war and disease and a collapsing economy. The issues we are facing in

:14:22.:14:29.

Europe seem to be more severe. Our governments doing enough? Italy is

:14:30.:14:35.

the brunt of this. It is not just a question of having more vessels at

:14:36.:14:40.

sea. It is why other people fleeing their countries? Why are they

:14:41.:14:44.

allowed to fall into the hands of traffickers. There are

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responsibilities on the other side as well. Europeans have their

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responsibilities and they seem to be a weird of them, but it is not

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resolved. But on the other side of the Mediterranean there are also

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problems. before Scotland votes

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in the independence referendum. Today both the Yes and No

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campaigns have been busy In the last hour, British Prime

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Minister David Cameron made an impassioned appeal to the Scottish

:15:07.:15:12.

people to stay in the Union. But Scotland's First Minister

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Alex Salmond has been focussing on the economy, dismissing fears

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about the country's future. Will Scotland prosper? For business

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leaders and their customers, that simple question is at the heart of

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this campaign. It took 35 years to build up this wholesale business in

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Glasgow. The boss says times have been tough recently, and

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independence would herald a boom. We would be much better off, we have

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more natural resources than anywhere in Europe in Scotland. We would be

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much better off as a country, and I want to leave a legacy behind for

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the next generation to come, so that they will live in a prosperous

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Scotland. Earlier today, he and other business leaders joined Alex

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Salmond at Edinburgh airport. The message, not all firms are worried

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about the prospect of a Yes vote. What we have demonstrated today with

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some of the most serious business people in Scotland, creating tens of

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thousands of jobs, is that there is very substantial groups in Scottish

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business who see very substantial groups in Scottish

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from an independent Scotland. With the world watching, the battle for

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business is in full swing, as both sides try to persuade voters that

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their vision for the economy is the strongest. This evening, the Prime

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Minister arrived in Aberdeen to hammer home his message. Warning

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that independence would mean the end of British pensions, passports and

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the pound. Making up Lido rectally to Scotland's voters about the

:16:55.:17:01.

consequences of voting Yes. It would be the end of a country that

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launched the Enlightenment, abolished slavery, defeated fascism.

:17:05.:17:09.

The end of a country that people around the world respect and admire.

:17:10.:17:13.

The end of a country that all of us call home. And, in the shipyards of

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the Clyde, where the British Empire was launched, many workers are

:17:21.:17:24.

worried. Scottish shipbuilding has been sustained by Royal Navy orders,

:17:25.:17:28.

and the staff fear for their jobs of Scotland says Yes. We have a

:17:29.:17:33.

complete understanding, clarity and plan of what will happen in the

:17:34.:17:37.

event of a Note, in order to revitalise shipbuilding in the city.

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We simply do not know what the future would be. Very soon, all will

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become. The bustle will be over as the people of Scotland will quietly

:17:53.:17:53.

make their choice. Now a look at some

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of the day?s other news: Troops from 15 countries, including

:17:57.:17:58.

the US and other NATO members, have begun a military

:17:59.:18:01.

exercise in Western Ukraine. Meanwhile, six people have been

:18:02.:18:07.

killed and 15 wounded in shelling around

:18:08.:18:10.

the rebel stronghold of Donetsk The United Nations has relocated

:18:11.:18:16.

several hundred of its peacekeepers in Syria to the part of the

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Golan Heights controlled by Israel. The move comes two weeks after

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fighters from the Al-Nusra Front, a Syrian rebel group

:18:26.:18:28.

affiliated with Al-Qaeda, kidnapped more than

:18:29.:18:31.

40 members of the UN force. have been found on

:18:32.:18:35.

an island in Thailand. Authorities say they believe

:18:36.:18:41.

the young man and woman, who were both in their 20s, were

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attacked and killed on Sunday The local police have blocked

:18:44.:18:46.

all boats from leaving the island in the hope that

:18:47.:18:53.

the culprit is still there. It's nearly eight years since

:18:54.:18:59.

the former Russian agent Alexander Litvinenko

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was murdered in London. The chief suspect in his killing

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has made his debut as a host on

:19:05.:19:08.

Russian television today. Andrei Lugovoi presented a

:19:09.:19:11.

documentary series called Traitors. where that's what critics

:19:12.:19:14.

of the Kremlin are being labelled. Our Moscow correspondent

:19:15.:19:19.

Steve Rosenberg reports. To British police, he is the prime

:19:20.:19:34.

suspect in the killing of former Russian agent Alexander Litvinenko.

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But back home in Russia, he is set to become a TV star. From today,

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Andrei Lugovoi has his own series, called Traitors, all about Soviet

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citizens who betrayed the motherland to the West. Andrei Lugovoi denies

:19:54.:20:00.

murder, and Moscow has refused to extradite him to the UK.

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TRANSLATION: Treachery is always a good subject, not just to Russia,

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but Britain and America as well. We know you had your own traitors. As

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long as there is confrontation between us, there will always be

:20:17.:20:18.

traitors. Russia's between us, there will always be

:20:19.:20:26.

to think so. Last month, live on television, Vladimir Putin announced

:20:27.:20:30.

to think so. Last month, live on that there were people in Russia

:20:31.:20:33.

prepared to betray their country's national interest. The Kremlin has

:20:34.:20:37.

also warrant of a fifth: threatening Russia from the inside. State media

:20:38.:20:44.

have employed the freeze, national traitors. But why? With Russia under

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have employed the freeze, national increasing pressure from sanctions

:20:49.:20:52.

and increasingly isolated from the West, the temptation for the

:20:53.:20:55.

authorities here is to look for traitors and turncoats and fifth

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columnists, in other traitors and turncoats and fifth

:20:59.:21:02.

out the enemy within to deflect criticism of home. This history

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teacher has been a vocal critic of Russia's intervention in the

:21:10.:21:13.

Ukraine. But she was astonished to find herself portrayed on national

:21:14.:21:18.

TV news as a traitor, along with several pop stars and politicians.

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It is much easier to rule when you have enemies, and everybody can

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unite against these enemies. You can always explain the crisis arising

:21:29.:21:37.

and shops looking empty and so many terrible things happening because of

:21:38.:21:44.

this enemy. She can see that Vladimir Putin's Russia is not

:21:45.:21:48.

Stalin's Russia, where people were sent to the gulag. But criticism

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here is still equated with treachery, and Russia are still

:21:55.:21:55.

searching for scapegoats. In a couple of months? time,

:21:56.:21:58.

Europe's Rosetta spacecraft will attempt its audacious and

:21:59.:22:00.

historic mission to land on a comet. It's no easy task and scientists

:22:01.:22:05.

have been explaining how they're going to go about it, identifying

:22:06.:22:08.

the safest place to touch down. A strange, barren world scene in

:22:09.:22:25.

greater detail than ever before. It is hard to imagine that comet might

:22:26.:22:28.

have helped life start here your honour. We are no closer than we are

:22:29.:22:34.

now closer to seeing if that is true. No one knows if this is going

:22:35.:22:44.

to be possible, but the extraordinary feat of touching down

:22:45.:22:49.

on a comet, first dreamed up 20 years ago, is now within sight. This

:22:50.:22:54.

mission is at a critical phase, flying alongside the comet, but also

:22:55.:22:58.

planning to send a landing craft on to it as well. An incredible

:22:59.:23:02.

challenge. Let's take a closer look at the biggest danger. The surface

:23:03.:23:07.

is totally unknown. Some parts are extremely rough, others smooth, they

:23:08.:23:10.

may turn out to be soft and quicksand. For the Rosetta

:23:11.:23:15.

spacecraft orbiting the comet, the plan is to release a landing robot.

:23:16.:23:21.

Hopefully, this will descend on touchdown in the right area. The

:23:22.:23:27.

tiny craft will need to get just enough sunlight to charge up its

:23:28.:23:31.

solar panels. Too much sun, and it will overheat. If all goes well,

:23:32.:23:36.

scientists will get the first chance to work out what a comet is really

:23:37.:23:41.

made of. Whether it really did bring the building blocks for a life here

:23:42.:23:46.

to Earth. It should land about your .Mac the landings at -- the landing

:23:47.:23:53.

site is not to be the safest areas. There is no rush to get ready. We

:23:54.:23:59.

have only just seen in the last two weeks images of where we are going

:24:00.:24:03.

to land, and how to make all the calculation so quickly. This is

:24:04.:24:08.

absolutely the most difficult things to be scientists have ever tried to

:24:09.:24:14.

do. This animation makes it look easy, it is expected to happen in

:24:15.:24:18.

November. If it works, we will get the first pictures from the surface

:24:19.:24:21.

of one of the strangest objects in the solar system. And maybe learn

:24:22.:24:24.

something about our own origins as well.

:24:25.:24:27.

Just extraordinary! The link between

:24:28.:24:30.

Poland and Shakespeare But in the 17th century,

:24:31.:24:31.

the Polish city of Gdansk was one of the main destinations

:24:32.:24:35.

for travelling English actors. Now a new theatre hopes to

:24:36.:24:37.

revive that tradition. Kasia Madera went to

:24:38.:24:40.

Gdansk to have a look. The works of Shakespeare were so

:24:41.:24:54.

popular in this part of Holland -- Poland but this black brick building

:24:55.:24:57.

stands on the site of a 17th-century Elizabethan playhouse. The original

:24:58.:25:01.

was built for the travelling English actors who would come every summer

:25:02.:25:06.

to perform in Gdansk. We are standing on the site of this theatre

:25:07.:25:14.

where English players performed, his plays were performed here. It is a

:25:15.:25:19.

historical site, and the whole idea of having Shakespeare in Gdansk is

:25:20.:25:25.

not a crazy idea, it has strong historical significance. But

:25:26.:25:30.

today's performers have one big advantage. This is the only theatre

:25:31.:25:35.

in the whole world with an opening roof, to give theatre-goers that

:25:36.:25:41.

authentic Shakespearean experience, come rain or shine. It takes three

:25:42.:25:46.

minutes through the roof to fully open. The technology of the roof

:25:47.:25:52.

comes from history. Elizabethan theatre was open. Wouldn't it have

:25:53.:25:58.

been easier to do a sliding roof? If you want a sliding roof, you lose

:25:59.:26:05.

the experience of the inner space. The inner space now becomes double.

:26:06.:26:10.

The theatre has famous supporters. Prince Charles is an honorary

:26:11.:26:16.

patron. And Paul and's most celebrated the Rector. -- and Poland

:26:17.:26:26.

was Mac most celebrated director. TRANSLATION: They will show their

:26:27.:26:28.

interpretation of the place. Shakespeare has returned year, this

:26:29.:26:34.

is beautiful. The curtains will be raised, as will the roof, for the

:26:35.:26:37.

grand opening at the end of the week.

:26:38.:26:43.

Thank you very much for watching World News Today. That's it for the

:26:44.:26:46.

programme. The weather forecast is coming up next. Goodbye from me and

:26:47.:26:59.

the team. Today, parts of central and eastern

:27:00.:27:04.

Scotland get hold of a lot of

:27:05.:27:05.

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