16/09/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.


With just two days to go before a vote on independence


will last minute promises keep Scotland within the United Kingdom?


The Yes campaign says the offer of more powers


But Gordon Brown claims it's the only way to protect key services.


Do you think we would ever stand by and allow the NHS to be privatised


or cut in Scotland? Do you think we would ever allow the NHS not to have


the powers in Scotland to protect itself? No! The only guarantee to


protect the health service, create jobs, make sure we do not get Tory


governments we did not vote for is to vote yes.


The French government narrowly wins a confidence vote,


but will that help it turn round the French economy?


This extraordinary scene as Ukraine ratifies an historic deal


to tighten ties with the European Union.


With only two days to go to referendum day,


both sides in the Scottish independence debate have seized


on a pledge by Britain's three main parties to devolve more powers.


Party leaders David Cameron, Ed Miliband and Nick Clegg say the


United Kingdom, the Union, offers voters the best of both worlds.


But the Yes to indepence campaign describes their pledge as an insult


to voters, asking why it's taken so long to offer extra powers.


And as James Cook reports, the future of a key


government service, the NHS, has been central to today's campaigning.


This campaign began more than two years ago. As Ed Miliband arrived in


Edinburgh, you would not know it. Both sides are fired up, there is


little sign of fatigue as they argue passionately about the future of


this country. Today, those arguments focused on Scotland's's health


service, the NHS is already run from Edinburgh, but this document


suggests the Scottish Government may soon have to save more than ?400


million from its budget. The Scottish Parliament has the powers


to raise the amount of money spent on the National Health Service, or


any other public service, if they are prepared to go to the sponge


people and ask them to raise the revenue to do so. This nails the


Scottish National Party line. As tempers fray and temperatures rise,


SNP ministers are hitting back. They insist they are not planning to cut


the NHS, and if money is tight, Westminster, which sets Scotland's


overall budget, is to blame. We will fight to protect the health service.


I know how hard it is to protect the budget of the health service when


the overall budget is being cut. We did that, and we continue to do it.


But when your budget is being cut by Westminster, that makes it harder


and harder to do. And there is a wider argument. Both sides agreed


that they want Scotland to have more control of its own affairs. They


disagree about how much control and how it should happen. Today, the


three UK party leaders published a pledge, going to introduce more


powers if Scotland says Now. They see it will ensure the Scottish


Parliament will be Parliament -- permanent. And that they will have


the final say on NHS spending. We are voting for a stronger Scotland,


a stronger Scottish Parliament with more powers so we can protect the


NHS, we can protect education, services in Scotland. And at the


same time, we avoid the risks that would come from independence. But


campaigners for Independence Day the pledge is nonsense. They point out


that the three party still do not agree on what extra powers should be


devolved. Some on the Yes team wants to go much further. We live in a


Scotland that is socially scarred! Tommy Sheridan has been to ring the


country calling for a radical new Scotland. So popular is his


message, he sometimes is to speak outside to those who cannot get into


the hall. We will not yet be a socialist country, just a free


country after September. But the declaration is quite clear. It will


be a more progressive, more fear country. Public ownership of gas,


electricity, oil and the railways. We will be listened to a lot of


more. Scotland's future has been hanging in the balance for a long


time. But very soon, Scotland decides.


Among the many international observers now in Scotland is


a delegation from Canada's Parti Quebecois,


including Alexandre Cloutier, a leading member of Quebec's


provincial parliament, and of course an advocate of independence.


Welcome to World News Today. Do you think the SNP has learned anything


from your experience in Quebec customer I am sure they are aware of


what we have been doing in the past. I am sure they are able to make the


difference necessary. It is two different situations, but we are a


democratic country under Democratic party. We have tried to do


independence in Canada respectfully of all laws and the International


Charter of rights, but Scottish people have their own great


experience now. What do you make of what you are seeing? Over 40 of you


either from Quebec to watch over campaigns are going. We are very


excited to be here, we wanted to learn from the Scottish experience.


The Yes campaign has been doing amazing work. It is quite


unbelievable the progress they have made doing the last 24 months. I


remember when I was a student here in 2004, the movement was not so


organised. It is quite unbelievable the progress. We wanted to


understand better who were supporting the Yes movement. What do


you think can said be to voters who still have not made up their minds?


Those who are worried about economic certainty or even economic recession


following a vote for independence? I do not have any advice to give to


people here. I am only here to learn from the experience. There is no


doubt from me that a small country can do very well, we have a great


example in northern Europe where you have very rich, small countries


doing very well. I totally understand the argument when you


say, why should you not only yourself, and do things for your


people? How big a story is this back on? It is very big. All eyes are


being turned here. I have been doing so many interviews, people are


looking towards what is going to happen here. Not many people


believed it was possible, and now, obviously, anything can happen. We


will find out in a couple of days. Thank you very much.


France's Prime Minister Manuel Valls has narrowly won a confidence vote


in his reshuffled cabinet amid record low poll ratings for the


It follows anger on the left of his Socialist Party


at the government's plan to drive through austerity policies.


But although 31 Socialist Party deputies were reported to have


abstained, Mr Valls still won with 269 votes to 244.


In an uncompromising speech earlier, Valls said he would not be swayed


from his plans to save 50 billion euros over the next three years.


Joining us from our Paris studio is Christine Ockrent,


a leading French journalist and television presenter.


Welcome to World News Today. He scraped through, but that does not


necessarily make all socialists happy? Certainly not, but as you


just said, Manuel Valls's challenge was not so much to convince


opposition in parliament, but to convince his own people. Five months


after being in office, he had again to ask for confidence, because he


has been adamant about the need for reforms. You have to understand


that, as opposed to the British Labour Party, which went through


that sort of ideological revolution, many years back, French socialists


are still, part of them, at least, very much against market capitalism.


Against globalisation. And quite far away from economic reality, so


Manuel Valls has had, since he has been, the courage and indeed the


stamina to try and convince his political party, his opponents


within the Socialist party, and also French public opinion. How much


chance do you think he has of pushing through the economic reforms


chance do you think he has of that he and Francois Hollande I


really needed? -- say at really needed? Francois Hollande was


elected on a series of false promises. Had he not made them, he


probably would not have been elected. But the problem is that


these have been two wasted years. Manuel Valls makes no mystery of the


need to try and catch up. The problem with public opinion is, and


I think it is true in all of our democracies, is that people ask for


a very quick results. Of course, it does not happen overnight. The


French economy is absolutely still, nothing happens. There is no


growth. There is a risk of deflation within the Eurozone. All of the


measures to try and get the business community to create jobs, assuming


these measures ever work, it will not create 300,000 jobs in two


weeks. The problem is really a race against time, as indeed the next


presidential election being in 2017, the opposition, which has not


put forward any proposal at all that makes any sense so far, in a way,


the presidential campaign has started today in my view. When you


listen carefully to what Manuel Valls has said. And thinking about


that next campaign, how much of a threat to you think the opposition


is? The Prime Minister has threatened that they are at the


gates of power. I think it is true when you look at the latest opinion


polls. They have indeed risen, and it showed in the European election


is not that long ago. It is a threat, not only to the socialists


in power, but also to the Conservatives. People say, after all


these traditional politicians, what have they done for us except put us


in this plight? Why not try something else? Even if the economic


proposals are preposterous, people are tempted to say, the hell with


you, the traditional elite way of doing things. Let's try something


new. That is what is shown in the opinion polls. When it comes to the


ballots, that maybe another story. It is indeed a threat. Good to speak


to you. Thank you. American ground forces could be


deployed against Islamic State militants if the current


United States-led strategy fails. That's the view of top US General


Martin Dempsey who's been speaking President Obama has insisted US


ground troops would not have But General Dempsey says


he'd make that recommendation if the international coalition


against Islamic State My view at this point is that this


coalition is the appropriate way forward. I believe that will prove


true. But if it feels to be true, and if there are threats to the


United States, I would go back to the President and make a


recommendation that may include the use of US military ground forces.


General Dempsey's comments come after the US carried out its first


air strike against Islamic State under its new strategy and Kurdish


troops on the ground are pushing towards Iraq's second city of Mosul.


Our correspondent Jim Muir is with the Kurdish forces.


Cutting through the skies of northern Iraq at dawn, American jets


providing air cover for the latest offensive against IS positions.


Below, Kurdish forces are preparing for action. American drones were


also up there, this time both the end the jets were just watching. --


both they and the jets. On the ground, the firepower was coming


from the Kurds. This is the objective, a village on the plane


leading to more so. -- Mosul. Kurdish ground forces had advanced


beyond their old lines, preparing to move in the village after the


bombardment. -- move in on the village. You can see clearly how it


works, Americans in the sky providing reconnaissance and


possibly are strikes, Kurdish forces on the ground bombarding with tanks


and rockets and so on. Despite all that, the ground forces are


preparing to move in, it is proving a very hard and costly job. Far-away


on the other side of Mosul, Kurdish forces have been pressing for on


another front. Pushing on further has been painfully slow.


They leave many bombs behind, he said so we have to be very careful.


It takes much information and planning to drive them out. Another


victim, this Arab village, abandoned and partly demolished by the Kurds,


retribution for collaborating with a ceramic state. -- Islamic State.


This man's Sun has been detained, suspected of working with the


militants. The other side of the coin, thousands of people driven out


by the IS radicals, waiting for the day that may never come when they


will be able to go home. Back on the front, the Kurds keep up the attack,


but the progress they have made it illustrates just how hard it will be


to eliminate the militants in the rest of the rock and Syria.


It's been an historic day for Ukraine as the European


parliament has ratified a controversial association


agreement strengthening economic and political ties with the country.


The agreement has also been ratified by the Ukrainian parliament in Kiev


during a live video link-up between the two parliaments,


although the free trade element of the deal won't be implemented


In separate measures, Ukraine also granted limited


autonomy to its eastern regions and an amnesty to fighters.


But while today's development may be seen as a step forward by the


government in Kiev, it was marred by disturbing scenes outside the


Parliament afterwards as an angry mob grabbed economic development


party deputy Vitaly Zhuravsky and manhandled him into a rubbish bin.


Zhuravsky, once allied to former President Viktor Yanukovich,


authored a bill in January severely tightening restrictions


In the past, he authored a bill criminalising libel.


As you can see, he was pushed over and held down in the dumpster,


after which men poured water on him and threw his briefcase on top.


First, David, why is there such anger


It has been an historic day for the Ukrainians. There were two major


pieces of legislation passed, first the ratification of this Treaty,


also the granting of some form of autonomy or limited the tonic to the


East, but there was also a vetting bill, and anti-corruption bill,


which the crowd gathered around the parliament to demand, and this is


where the emotions that we have seen, where they came from. They


were very high. The crowd was demanding this bill to be passed,


because this was one of the main demands of the revolution. It is not


quite clear why the crowd through this one particular politician into


the rubbish bin. There are different versions, but it does go to show


that it was a very passionate scene out there. They were burning tires,


and it shows that in addition to all these other things that were going


on, the EU deal, the amnesty and autonomy, the reform and


anti-corruption is very much a hot button topic here in Ukraine. We


should also talk about what is happening with eastern Ukraine and


an element of amnesty for fighters there and self-government, but tell


us how significant you find that to be? It is difficult to say. This is


a very controversial bill. There was a great outcry, people saying that


this perhaps creates a frozen conflict in the east, and so it


remains to be seen whether this was one step back or two steps forward,


or just the opposite. It should be said that some of the rebels have


rejected this deal, because they would rather remade within Ukraine


with its limited autonomy. It is only for three years. The fighting


continues, and there are great fears among Ukrainian officials that the


cease-fire which is already very unstable may eventually break down,


and this will all be able to point, and we will see major fighting in


the East. Briefly, we can't talk about this without mentioning


Russia, and I wonder whether the trade part of the deal was delayed


partly because it would provoke Russia greatly. Well, this is one of


the controversial points about the deal, is that it brings Russia to


the table, and this concession of putting on hold part of the deal


until the end of next year, this was seen as being from Russian pressure.


Now, the other parts of the deal are being implemented, but the


oppression -- the question is what does Russia want, and whether or not


this could placate Moscow and contribute to peace in the East or


whether we will see further fighting.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


One person has been shot dead in a court building in the Danish


Police say a suspect has been arrested


The head of the City Court said it was probably


A suicide bomb attack in the Afghan capital Kabul has killed three


members of the NATO-led military forces and injured many others.


Police say the explosion targeted an international convoy


of soldiers along the airport road near the United States embassy.


The Taliban said it carried out the attack.


Filipino authorities say the country's most active volcano,


Mount Mayon, is dangerously close to erupting again.


Some 12,000 people living within an eight-kilometre radius


of the crater have been ordered to leave their homes.


The volcano has erupted 50 times in the last 500 years,


That's how UN agencies have today described the escalation


of the ebola crisis in West Africa, which has already killed almost


The stark warning comes as the US President Barack Obama prepares


to announce a huge increase in his country's commitment to


It's understood the United States will send 3000 troops to Liberia who


will be responsible for training about 500 healthcare workers a week.


And will build 17 medical facilities with at least 100 beds each.


50,000 home health care kits will also be sent to households


Joining me now from Monrovia in Liberia is Sarah Crowe


Thank you for your time. I have seen some of the photographs that you


have been putting online, really showing the situation. For example,


taxis lined up outside the hospital there. Yes, it is a tragic situation


and truly unprecedented. Everywhere you go, you are reminded that Apple


is really here. -- a bowler is really here -- ebola is really here.


We have been delivering 10,000 hygiene kits to households over the


weekend, so there is a huge surge forward now, and Liberians are


really... There is a real sense of trepidation, but also a sensible is


all to get on with the job at hand, and not to be entirely paralysed by


this kind of ebola psychosis. You are seeing a lot of those whose


families have been devastated by this. One of the photographs you


posted was of a little girl, and what is she doing with that mask on


her face? Yes, that was quite striking. This was a centre that was


once setup for children who were separated from their parents or lost


a parent or a loved one during the war, and it was closed down in 2008.


Now it has been reopened. Once it was for the victims of war, now it


is for her smack survivors. She was one of the little girls there. --


ebola survivors. Her parents have died, and we are now trying to trace


the extended family and put them back together in the extended


family. There is great stigma and great discrimination against those


who have survived, but that little girl was putting a mask to her face


because she said that was what she saw the doctor is doing all the


time, so she had taken a little poster and put it up to her face


just like a Doctor's mask, and she said that is how she felt she had to


approach people now. So even children, throughout wherever I have


done, are all aware of what they have to do, washing their hands with


chlorine, you might have seen some of those pictures too, having their


temperature taken, where ever they go. Of course, there are no schools


and no health facilities operating as well as they should be, so our


big fear is not only ebola but also the impact to children's health in


general, that means deaths from measles, malaria, and other


childhood diseases, because children are not being immunised as they


should be right now. Just very briefly, you have given us a vivid


picture there, are you not frightened for yourself as well?


There is a sense of trepidation, but there are also has two B... We can't


abandon Liberia, we can't walk away from this awful virus, so we have


two bogeys on the job at hand and really get on with supporting


communities, supporting households, and re-building the structure here,


because it is devastating and it is truly unprecedented, and it really


is the sense of them writing the first draft of the history of this


disease. There is the need to continue to push forward and focus


on what needs to be done right now. Thank you.


Temperatures will climb tomorrow morning. But we are also expecting


extensive cloud


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