16/09/2014 World News Today


16/09/2014

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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

With just two days to go before a vote on independence

:00:00.:00:08.

will last minute promises keep Scotland within the United Kingdom?

:00:09.:00:13.

The Yes campaign says the offer of more powers

:00:14.:00:15.

But Gordon Brown claims it's the only way to protect key services.

:00:16.:00:25.

Do you think we would ever stand by and allow the NHS to be privatised

:00:26.:00:33.

or cut in Scotland? Do you think we would ever allow the NHS not to have

:00:34.:00:37.

the powers in Scotland to protect itself? No! The only guarantee to

:00:38.:00:45.

protect the health service, create jobs, make sure we do not get Tory

:00:46.:00:49.

governments we did not vote for is to vote yes.

:00:50.:00:53.

The French government narrowly wins a confidence vote,

:00:54.:00:55.

but will that help it turn round the French economy?

:00:56.:00:58.

This extraordinary scene as Ukraine ratifies an historic deal

:00:59.:01:01.

to tighten ties with the European Union.

:01:02.:01:14.

With only two days to go to referendum day,

:01:15.:01:18.

both sides in the Scottish independence debate have seized

:01:19.:01:21.

on a pledge by Britain's three main parties to devolve more powers.

:01:22.:01:25.

Party leaders David Cameron, Ed Miliband and Nick Clegg say the

:01:26.:01:29.

United Kingdom, the Union, offers voters the best of both worlds.

:01:30.:01:34.

But the Yes to indepence campaign describes their pledge as an insult

:01:35.:01:38.

to voters, asking why it's taken so long to offer extra powers.

:01:39.:01:43.

And as James Cook reports, the future of a key

:01:44.:01:46.

government service, the NHS, has been central to today's campaigning.

:01:47.:01:56.

This campaign began more than two years ago. As Ed Miliband arrived in

:01:57.:02:06.

Edinburgh, you would not know it. Both sides are fired up, there is

:02:07.:02:10.

little sign of fatigue as they argue passionately about the future of

:02:11.:02:15.

this country. Today, those arguments focused on Scotland's's health

:02:16.:02:19.

service, the NHS is already run from Edinburgh, but this document

:02:20.:02:23.

suggests the Scottish Government may soon have to save more than ?400

:02:24.:02:28.

million from its budget. The Scottish Parliament has the powers

:02:29.:02:33.

to raise the amount of money spent on the National Health Service, or

:02:34.:02:35.

any other public service, if they are prepared to go to the sponge

:02:36.:02:41.

people and ask them to raise the revenue to do so. This nails the

:02:42.:02:48.

Scottish National Party line. As tempers fray and temperatures rise,

:02:49.:02:54.

SNP ministers are hitting back. They insist they are not planning to cut

:02:55.:02:58.

the NHS, and if money is tight, Westminster, which sets Scotland's

:02:59.:03:03.

overall budget, is to blame. We will fight to protect the health service.

:03:04.:03:07.

I know how hard it is to protect the budget of the health service when

:03:08.:03:10.

the overall budget is being cut. We did that, and we continue to do it.

:03:11.:03:16.

But when your budget is being cut by Westminster, that makes it harder

:03:17.:03:21.

and harder to do. And there is a wider argument. Both sides agreed

:03:22.:03:26.

that they want Scotland to have more control of its own affairs. They

:03:27.:03:30.

disagree about how much control and how it should happen. Today, the

:03:31.:03:36.

three UK party leaders published a pledge, going to introduce more

:03:37.:03:40.

powers if Scotland says Now. They see it will ensure the Scottish

:03:41.:03:44.

Parliament will be Parliament -- permanent. And that they will have

:03:45.:03:52.

the final say on NHS spending. We are voting for a stronger Scotland,

:03:53.:03:56.

a stronger Scottish Parliament with more powers so we can protect the

:03:57.:04:01.

NHS, we can protect education, services in Scotland. And at the

:04:02.:04:04.

same time, we avoid the risks that would come from independence. But

:04:05.:04:10.

campaigners for Independence Day the pledge is nonsense. They point out

:04:11.:04:15.

that the three party still do not agree on what extra powers should be

:04:16.:04:19.

devolved. Some on the Yes team wants to go much further. We live in a

:04:20.:04:27.

Scotland that is socially scarred! Tommy Sheridan has been to ring the

:04:28.:04:30.

country calling for a radical new Scotland. So popular is his

:04:31.:04:35.

message, he sometimes is to speak outside to those who cannot get into

:04:36.:04:43.

the hall. We will not yet be a socialist country, just a free

:04:44.:04:47.

country after September. But the declaration is quite clear. It will

:04:48.:04:49.

be a more progressive, more fear country. Public ownership of gas,

:04:50.:04:55.

electricity, oil and the railways. We will be listened to a lot of

:04:56.:05:01.

more. Scotland's future has been hanging in the balance for a long

:05:02.:05:04.

time. But very soon, Scotland decides.

:05:05.:05:08.

Among the many international observers now in Scotland is

:05:09.:05:10.

a delegation from Canada's Parti Quebecois,

:05:11.:05:11.

including Alexandre Cloutier, a leading member of Quebec's

:05:12.:05:14.

provincial parliament, and of course an advocate of independence.

:05:15.:05:21.

Welcome to World News Today. Do you think the SNP has learned anything

:05:22.:05:31.

from your experience in Quebec customer I am sure they are aware of

:05:32.:05:36.

what we have been doing in the past. I am sure they are able to make the

:05:37.:05:41.

difference necessary. It is two different situations, but we are a

:05:42.:05:44.

democratic country under Democratic party. We have tried to do

:05:45.:05:51.

independence in Canada respectfully of all laws and the International

:05:52.:05:57.

Charter of rights, but Scottish people have their own great

:05:58.:06:01.

experience now. What do you make of what you are seeing? Over 40 of you

:06:02.:06:06.

either from Quebec to watch over campaigns are going. We are very

:06:07.:06:14.

excited to be here, we wanted to learn from the Scottish experience.

:06:15.:06:19.

The Yes campaign has been doing amazing work. It is quite

:06:20.:06:23.

unbelievable the progress they have made doing the last 24 months. I

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remember when I was a student here in 2004, the movement was not so

:06:30.:06:34.

organised. It is quite unbelievable the progress. We wanted to

:06:35.:06:38.

understand better who were supporting the Yes movement. What do

:06:39.:06:45.

you think can said be to voters who still have not made up their minds?

:06:46.:06:51.

Those who are worried about economic certainty or even economic recession

:06:52.:06:57.

following a vote for independence? I do not have any advice to give to

:06:58.:07:00.

people here. I am only here to learn from the experience. There is no

:07:01.:07:06.

doubt from me that a small country can do very well, we have a great

:07:07.:07:11.

example in northern Europe where you have very rich, small countries

:07:12.:07:14.

doing very well. I totally understand the argument when you

:07:15.:07:20.

say, why should you not only yourself, and do things for your

:07:21.:07:25.

people? How big a story is this back on? It is very big. All eyes are

:07:26.:07:34.

being turned here. I have been doing so many interviews, people are

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looking towards what is going to happen here. Not many people

:07:40.:07:45.

believed it was possible, and now, obviously, anything can happen. We

:07:46.:07:51.

will find out in a couple of days. Thank you very much.

:07:52.:07:55.

France's Prime Minister Manuel Valls has narrowly won a confidence vote

:07:56.:07:57.

in his reshuffled cabinet amid record low poll ratings for the

:07:58.:08:00.

It follows anger on the left of his Socialist Party

:08:01.:08:03.

at the government's plan to drive through austerity policies.

:08:04.:08:06.

But although 31 Socialist Party deputies were reported to have

:08:07.:08:09.

abstained, Mr Valls still won with 269 votes to 244.

:08:10.:08:16.

In an uncompromising speech earlier, Valls said he would not be swayed

:08:17.:08:19.

from his plans to save 50 billion euros over the next three years.

:08:20.:08:27.

Joining us from our Paris studio is Christine Ockrent,

:08:28.:08:30.

a leading French journalist and television presenter.

:08:31.:08:34.

Welcome to World News Today. He scraped through, but that does not

:08:35.:08:42.

necessarily make all socialists happy? Certainly not, but as you

:08:43.:08:49.

just said, Manuel Valls's challenge was not so much to convince

:08:50.:08:56.

opposition in parliament, but to convince his own people. Five months

:08:57.:09:02.

after being in office, he had again to ask for confidence, because he

:09:03.:09:07.

has been adamant about the need for reforms. You have to understand

:09:08.:09:13.

that, as opposed to the British Labour Party, which went through

:09:14.:09:18.

that sort of ideological revolution, many years back, French socialists

:09:19.:09:26.

are still, part of them, at least, very much against market capitalism.

:09:27.:09:32.

Against globalisation. And quite far away from economic reality, so

:09:33.:09:39.

Manuel Valls has had, since he has been, the courage and indeed the

:09:40.:09:47.

stamina to try and convince his political party, his opponents

:09:48.:09:54.

within the Socialist party, and also French public opinion. How much

:09:55.:10:01.

chance do you think he has of pushing through the economic reforms

:10:02.:10:03.

chance do you think he has of that he and Francois Hollande I

:10:04.:10:09.

really needed? -- say at really needed? Francois Hollande was

:10:10.:10:15.

elected on a series of false promises. Had he not made them, he

:10:16.:10:20.

probably would not have been elected. But the problem is that

:10:21.:10:25.

these have been two wasted years. Manuel Valls makes no mystery of the

:10:26.:10:31.

need to try and catch up. The problem with public opinion is, and

:10:32.:10:38.

I think it is true in all of our democracies, is that people ask for

:10:39.:10:42.

a very quick results. Of course, it does not happen overnight. The

:10:43.:10:48.

French economy is absolutely still, nothing happens. There is no

:10:49.:10:54.

growth. There is a risk of deflation within the Eurozone. All of the

:10:55.:11:04.

measures to try and get the business community to create jobs, assuming

:11:05.:11:06.

these measures ever work, it will not create 300,000 jobs in two

:11:07.:11:14.

weeks. The problem is really a race against time, as indeed the next

:11:15.:11:19.

presidential election being in 2017, the opposition, which has not

:11:20.:11:28.

put forward any proposal at all that makes any sense so far, in a way,

:11:29.:11:34.

the presidential campaign has started today in my view. When you

:11:35.:11:39.

listen carefully to what Manuel Valls has said. And thinking about

:11:40.:11:45.

that next campaign, how much of a threat to you think the opposition

:11:46.:11:49.

is? The Prime Minister has threatened that they are at the

:11:50.:11:54.

gates of power. I think it is true when you look at the latest opinion

:11:55.:12:00.

polls. They have indeed risen, and it showed in the European election

:12:01.:12:04.

is not that long ago. It is a threat, not only to the socialists

:12:05.:12:07.

in power, but also to the Conservatives. People say, after all

:12:08.:12:13.

these traditional politicians, what have they done for us except put us

:12:14.:12:20.

in this plight? Why not try something else? Even if the economic

:12:21.:12:25.

proposals are preposterous, people are tempted to say, the hell with

:12:26.:12:33.

you, the traditional elite way of doing things. Let's try something

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new. That is what is shown in the opinion polls. When it comes to the

:12:38.:12:43.

ballots, that maybe another story. It is indeed a threat. Good to speak

:12:44.:12:47.

to you. Thank you. American ground forces could be

:12:48.:12:50.

deployed against Islamic State militants if the current

:12:51.:12:52.

United States-led strategy fails. That's the view of top US General

:12:53.:12:54.

Martin Dempsey who's been speaking President Obama has insisted US

:12:55.:12:57.

ground troops would not have But General Dempsey says

:12:58.:13:01.

he'd make that recommendation if the international coalition

:13:02.:13:06.

against Islamic State My view at this point is that this

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coalition is the appropriate way forward. I believe that will prove

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true. But if it feels to be true, and if there are threats to the

:13:27.:13:30.

United States, I would go back to the President and make a

:13:31.:13:32.

recommendation that may include the use of US military ground forces.

:13:33.:13:36.

General Dempsey's comments come after the US carried out its first

:13:37.:13:39.

air strike against Islamic State under its new strategy and Kurdish

:13:40.:13:42.

troops on the ground are pushing towards Iraq's second city of Mosul.

:13:43.:13:45.

Our correspondent Jim Muir is with the Kurdish forces.

:13:46.:13:52.

Cutting through the skies of northern Iraq at dawn, American jets

:13:53.:13:58.

providing air cover for the latest offensive against IS positions.

:13:59.:14:04.

Below, Kurdish forces are preparing for action. American drones were

:14:05.:14:11.

also up there, this time both the end the jets were just watching. --

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both they and the jets. On the ground, the firepower was coming

:14:24.:14:32.

from the Kurds. This is the objective, a village on the plane

:14:33.:14:40.

leading to more so. -- Mosul. Kurdish ground forces had advanced

:14:41.:14:44.

beyond their old lines, preparing to move in the village after the

:14:45.:14:49.

bombardment. -- move in on the village. You can see clearly how it

:14:50.:14:56.

works, Americans in the sky providing reconnaissance and

:14:57.:14:58.

possibly are strikes, Kurdish forces on the ground bombarding with tanks

:14:59.:15:06.

and rockets and so on. Despite all that, the ground forces are

:15:07.:15:12.

preparing to move in, it is proving a very hard and costly job. Far-away

:15:13.:15:20.

on the other side of Mosul, Kurdish forces have been pressing for on

:15:21.:15:25.

another front. Pushing on further has been painfully slow.

:15:26.:15:39.

They leave many bombs behind, he said so we have to be very careful.

:15:40.:15:45.

It takes much information and planning to drive them out. Another

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victim, this Arab village, abandoned and partly demolished by the Kurds,

:15:54.:15:58.

retribution for collaborating with a ceramic state. -- Islamic State.

:15:59.:16:07.

This man's Sun has been detained, suspected of working with the

:16:08.:16:12.

militants. The other side of the coin, thousands of people driven out

:16:13.:16:17.

by the IS radicals, waiting for the day that may never come when they

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will be able to go home. Back on the front, the Kurds keep up the attack,

:16:26.:16:29.

but the progress they have made it illustrates just how hard it will be

:16:30.:16:33.

to eliminate the militants in the rest of the rock and Syria.

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It's been an historic day for Ukraine as the European

:16:42.:16:44.

parliament has ratified a controversial association

:16:45.:16:45.

agreement strengthening economic and political ties with the country.

:16:46.:16:47.

The agreement has also been ratified by the Ukrainian parliament in Kiev

:16:48.:16:50.

during a live video link-up between the two parliaments,

:16:51.:16:52.

although the free trade element of the deal won't be implemented

:16:53.:16:57.

In separate measures, Ukraine also granted limited

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autonomy to its eastern regions and an amnesty to fighters.

:17:03.:17:06.

But while today's development may be seen as a step forward by the

:17:07.:17:10.

government in Kiev, it was marred by disturbing scenes outside the

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Parliament afterwards as an angry mob grabbed economic development

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party deputy Vitaly Zhuravsky and manhandled him into a rubbish bin.

:17:19.:17:23.

Zhuravsky, once allied to former President Viktor Yanukovich,

:17:24.:17:28.

authored a bill in January severely tightening restrictions

:17:29.:17:32.

In the past, he authored a bill criminalising libel.

:17:33.:17:42.

As you can see, he was pushed over and held down in the dumpster,

:17:43.:17:45.

after which men poured water on him and threw his briefcase on top.

:17:46.:17:49.

First, David, why is there such anger

:17:50.:17:52.

It has been an historic day for the Ukrainians. There were two major

:17:53.:18:11.

pieces of legislation passed, first the ratification of this Treaty,

:18:12.:18:16.

also the granting of some form of autonomy or limited the tonic to the

:18:17.:18:22.

East, but there was also a vetting bill, and anti-corruption bill,

:18:23.:18:28.

which the crowd gathered around the parliament to demand, and this is

:18:29.:18:31.

where the emotions that we have seen, where they came from. They

:18:32.:18:37.

were very high. The crowd was demanding this bill to be passed,

:18:38.:18:41.

because this was one of the main demands of the revolution. It is not

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quite clear why the crowd through this one particular politician into

:18:46.:18:50.

the rubbish bin. There are different versions, but it does go to show

:18:51.:18:55.

that it was a very passionate scene out there. They were burning tires,

:18:56.:18:59.

and it shows that in addition to all these other things that were going

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on, the EU deal, the amnesty and autonomy, the reform and

:19:06.:19:11.

anti-corruption is very much a hot button topic here in Ukraine. We

:19:12.:19:15.

should also talk about what is happening with eastern Ukraine and

:19:16.:19:19.

an element of amnesty for fighters there and self-government, but tell

:19:20.:19:22.

us how significant you find that to be? It is difficult to say. This is

:19:23.:19:30.

a very controversial bill. There was a great outcry, people saying that

:19:31.:19:35.

this perhaps creates a frozen conflict in the east, and so it

:19:36.:19:38.

remains to be seen whether this was one step back or two steps forward,

:19:39.:19:43.

or just the opposite. It should be said that some of the rebels have

:19:44.:19:46.

rejected this deal, because they would rather remade within Ukraine

:19:47.:19:55.

with its limited autonomy. It is only for three years. The fighting

:19:56.:20:01.

continues, and there are great fears among Ukrainian officials that the

:20:02.:20:05.

cease-fire which is already very unstable may eventually break down,

:20:06.:20:09.

and this will all be able to point, and we will see major fighting in

:20:10.:20:16.

the East. Briefly, we can't talk about this without mentioning

:20:17.:20:19.

Russia, and I wonder whether the trade part of the deal was delayed

:20:20.:20:23.

partly because it would provoke Russia greatly. Well, this is one of

:20:24.:20:31.

the controversial points about the deal, is that it brings Russia to

:20:32.:20:36.

the table, and this concession of putting on hold part of the deal

:20:37.:20:42.

until the end of next year, this was seen as being from Russian pressure.

:20:43.:20:46.

Now, the other parts of the deal are being implemented, but the

:20:47.:20:50.

oppression -- the question is what does Russia want, and whether or not

:20:51.:20:55.

this could placate Moscow and contribute to peace in the East or

:20:56.:20:58.

whether we will see further fighting.

:20:59.:21:02.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:21:03.:21:04.

One person has been shot dead in a court building in the Danish

:21:05.:21:08.

Police say a suspect has been arrested

:21:09.:21:11.

The head of the City Court said it was probably

:21:12.:21:14.

A suicide bomb attack in the Afghan capital Kabul has killed three

:21:15.:21:19.

members of the NATO-led military forces and injured many others.

:21:20.:21:22.

Police say the explosion targeted an international convoy

:21:23.:21:25.

of soldiers along the airport road near the United States embassy.

:21:26.:21:29.

The Taliban said it carried out the attack.

:21:30.:21:33.

Filipino authorities say the country's most active volcano,

:21:34.:21:36.

Mount Mayon, is dangerously close to erupting again.

:21:37.:21:47.

Some 12,000 people living within an eight-kilometre radius

:21:48.:21:49.

of the crater have been ordered to leave their homes.

:21:50.:21:52.

The volcano has erupted 50 times in the last 500 years,

:21:53.:21:54.

That's how UN agencies have today described the escalation

:21:55.:22:02.

of the ebola crisis in West Africa, which has already killed almost

:22:03.:22:05.

The stark warning comes as the US President Barack Obama prepares

:22:06.:22:08.

to announce a huge increase in his country's commitment to

:22:09.:22:12.

It's understood the United States will send 3000 troops to Liberia who

:22:13.:22:19.

will be responsible for training about 500 healthcare workers a week.

:22:20.:22:23.

And will build 17 medical facilities with at least 100 beds each.

:22:24.:22:29.

50,000 home health care kits will also be sent to households

:22:30.:22:31.

Joining me now from Monrovia in Liberia is Sarah Crowe

:22:32.:22:37.

Thank you for your time. I have seen some of the photographs that you

:22:38.:22:51.

have been putting online, really showing the situation. For example,

:22:52.:22:56.

taxis lined up outside the hospital there. Yes, it is a tragic situation

:22:57.:23:00.

and truly unprecedented. Everywhere you go, you are reminded that Apple

:23:01.:23:06.

is really here. -- a bowler is really here -- ebola is really here.

:23:07.:23:20.

We have been delivering 10,000 hygiene kits to households over the

:23:21.:23:24.

weekend, so there is a huge surge forward now, and Liberians are

:23:25.:23:31.

really... There is a real sense of trepidation, but also a sensible is

:23:32.:23:35.

all to get on with the job at hand, and not to be entirely paralysed by

:23:36.:23:41.

this kind of ebola psychosis. You are seeing a lot of those whose

:23:42.:23:44.

families have been devastated by this. One of the photographs you

:23:45.:23:48.

posted was of a little girl, and what is she doing with that mask on

:23:49.:23:53.

her face? Yes, that was quite striking. This was a centre that was

:23:54.:23:59.

once setup for children who were separated from their parents or lost

:24:00.:24:04.

a parent or a loved one during the war, and it was closed down in 2008.

:24:05.:24:11.

Now it has been reopened. Once it was for the victims of war, now it

:24:12.:24:15.

is for her smack survivors. She was one of the little girls there. --

:24:16.:24:23.

ebola survivors. Her parents have died, and we are now trying to trace

:24:24.:24:31.

the extended family and put them back together in the extended

:24:32.:24:40.

family. There is great stigma and great discrimination against those

:24:41.:24:43.

who have survived, but that little girl was putting a mask to her face

:24:44.:24:48.

because she said that was what she saw the doctor is doing all the

:24:49.:24:52.

time, so she had taken a little poster and put it up to her face

:24:53.:24:57.

just like a Doctor's mask, and she said that is how she felt she had to

:24:58.:25:04.

approach people now. So even children, throughout wherever I have

:25:05.:25:22.

done, are all aware of what they have to do, washing their hands with

:25:23.:25:28.

chlorine, you might have seen some of those pictures too, having their

:25:29.:25:32.

temperature taken, where ever they go. Of course, there are no schools

:25:33.:25:40.

and no health facilities operating as well as they should be, so our

:25:41.:25:47.

big fear is not only ebola but also the impact to children's health in

:25:48.:25:53.

general, that means deaths from measles, malaria, and other

:25:54.:25:55.

childhood diseases, because children are not being immunised as they

:25:56.:26:01.

should be right now. Just very briefly, you have given us a vivid

:26:02.:26:04.

picture there, are you not frightened for yourself as well?

:26:05.:26:09.

There is a sense of trepidation, but there are also has two B... We can't

:26:10.:26:14.

abandon Liberia, we can't walk away from this awful virus, so we have

:26:15.:26:18.

two bogeys on the job at hand and really get on with supporting

:26:19.:26:25.

communities, supporting households, and re-building the structure here,

:26:26.:26:30.

because it is devastating and it is truly unprecedented, and it really

:26:31.:26:34.

is the sense of them writing the first draft of the history of this

:26:35.:26:38.

disease. There is the need to continue to push forward and focus

:26:39.:26:42.

on what needs to be done right now. Thank you.

:26:43.:26:50.

Temperatures will climb tomorrow morning. But we are also expecting

:26:51.:27:11.

extensive cloud

:27:12.:27:12.

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