17/09/2014 World News Today


17/09/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 17/09/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, with me Philippa Thomas -

:00:00.:00:07.

it's the eve of decision day for Scotland - the momentous vote

:00:08.:00:10.

The Yes and No camps have been on the campaign trail for one last

:00:11.:00:15.

push - before the future of Scotland - and the United Kingdom -

:00:16.:00:18.

It is incredibly tense here in Scotland right now. The opinion

:00:19.:00:35.

polls say it is simply too close to call. That means that soon every

:00:36.:00:41.

single vote will count. And we'll be asking what lessons

:00:42.:00:43.

might an independent Scotland learn from

:00:44.:00:44.

the dissolution of Czechoslovakia President Obama says American troops

:00:45.:00:47.

will not have a combat mission against Islamic State in Iraq -

:00:48.:00:50.

despite a senior general suggesting I will not commit you and the rest

:00:51.:01:05.

of our Armed Forces to fighting another ground war in Iraq.

:01:06.:01:09.

An autopsy after more than five centuries - we'll tell you about new

:01:10.:01:13.

research revealing just how King Richard III was killed in battle.

:01:14.:01:25.

It's nearly decision time in Scotland where campaigners

:01:26.:01:29.

for and against independence are making their final pitches to

:01:30.:01:33.

Thursday will be an historic day with election

:01:34.:01:37.

organisers saying 97% of eligible Scots are registered to vote.

:01:38.:01:41.

As you'd expect, leading politicians on both sides are frantically busy.

:01:42.:01:54.

Alex Salmond says that this is the most empowering moment of voters

:01:55.:02:01.

there will ever have. Gordon Brown says the union is too important to

:02:02.:02:06.

lose. Nobody predicted even a few weeks ago that the polls would be

:02:07.:02:08.

very close. Lucy Hockings is in Edinburgh

:02:09.:02:08.

for us. Another remarkable day of what has

:02:09.:02:19.

been an incredible referendum campaign. They are: Tomorrow

:02:20.:02:25.

Scotland's date with destiny. -- they are calling it. Whether or not

:02:26.:02:35.

Scotland should be an independent country. The opinion polls are so

:02:36.:02:41.

close. It is simply too close to call. With campaigning today, really

:02:42.:02:48.

they are targeting those people who have not decided. The feeling people

:02:49.:02:54.

get in Scotland is that if you are adamantly yes or no, that won't

:02:55.:02:58.

change. But tens of thousands have still to make up their mind and that

:02:59.:03:03.

is who the politicians have in speaking to today, with messages

:03:04.:03:07.

about national identity, the future, and the economy. With the latest,

:03:08.:03:14.

here is James Cook in Glasgow. Scotland tonight is a nation

:03:15.:03:19.

divided. A country staring into its soul. For a after day, thousands of

:03:20.:03:25.

activists have poured onto the streets. Many have taken time off

:03:26.:03:29.

might work to fight for a vision of the future.

:03:30.:03:37.

We want to control education, taxes, most of the levers we need. We get

:03:38.:03:42.

pocket money from Westminster. We want control of our income and

:03:43.:03:46.

expenditure. Our intellect brought us to this place...

:03:47.:03:56.

Do not be confused. If you want real power, and you wanted to stay in

:03:57.:04:00.

Scotland, organising your own government, taxes, and future, vote

:04:01.:04:04.

yes. There is no doubt this campaign has

:04:05.:04:08.

been divisive but it has also breathe life into politics in

:04:09.:04:13.

Scotland. The place is crackling with energy as the country reaches

:04:14.:04:18.

the final hours of the campaign. And, for the hour,, the man. Those

:04:19.:04:23.

battling to keep Scotland in the UK have not always matched the passion

:04:24.:04:29.

of their opponents. What we have built together by

:04:30.:04:36.

sacrificing and sharing, let nobody split asunder. Tell them this is

:04:37.:04:44.

hours. This is not they are. Not their fly, not the country, not the

:04:45.:04:53.

streets. The man who more than anyone has

:04:54.:04:58.

brought Scotland to this place does not disagree. Alex Salmond insists

:04:59.:05:03.

he wants to build a new country for all. Is he standing on the eve of

:05:04.:05:08.

history? There have been fundamental

:05:09.:05:13.

changes. We have seen a campaign of grass-roots empowerment. A festival

:05:14.:05:19.

of democracy. Now it is in the hands of the Scottish people. There is no

:05:20.:05:23.

place I feel more secure than in the hands of the people Scotland. They

:05:24.:05:28.

know, and they sense and they sense an enormous opportunity to take

:05:29.:05:31.

Scotland's future into Scotland's Hants.

:05:32.:05:36.

Both Alex Salmond and his opponents have tried to use unemployment

:05:37.:05:40.

figures as a reason to vote their way.

:05:41.:05:45.

Everybody who cares about are united and, I get passionate about our

:05:46.:05:53.

United Kingdom, but I have set out how Scotland can have the best of

:05:54.:05:58.

both worlds. Scottish unemployment is actually lower than in London.

:05:59.:06:05.

The people of Scotland have one more night to ponder. One more night to

:06:06.:06:11.

weigh up what to do. Whatever happens, a myth has been dispelled.

:06:12.:06:16.

They say people do not care about politics. They are wrong.

:06:17.:06:22.

They are so wrong, those people who say there is not an engagement with

:06:23.:06:28.

politics. You can actually feel it in Scotland right now, everybody

:06:29.:06:31.

feels so passionate about the referendum and we expect a high

:06:32.:06:38.

turnout, possibly over 80%. Two men who have been involved since the

:06:39.:06:41.

very beginning, and who have written a book about it, join me now. Alan

:06:42.:06:48.

Cochrane, and George caravan. Can I start on the positive, the absolute

:06:49.:06:53.

engagement with the Scottish people? It is what you said earlier. The

:06:54.:06:58.

atmosphere is not like an election. It is a festival of politics. For

:06:59.:07:05.

the first day in the entire history of Scotland, ordinary people have a

:07:06.:07:09.

vote that counts. It feels like ringing politics back to the people.

:07:10.:07:14.

I have spoken to people all over the world who realise that Scotland is

:07:15.:07:17.

leading the way. Are you surprised that has come down

:07:18.:07:23.

to this? That we are so close? I am not sure the opinion polls will

:07:24.:07:28.

be correct. The interesting thing about engagement is that people are

:07:29.:07:33.

not engaging with the argument, the yes people are speaking to the yes

:07:34.:07:36.

people, they know people are speaking to the gnome people. I am

:07:37.:07:39.

not sure that there are many not sure that there are many

:07:40.:07:44.

undecided. I have just not sure that there are many

:07:45.:07:48.

interview with Chilean television. People around the world are

:07:49.:07:53.

fascinated. But what they ask is why on earth is Scotland trying to break

:07:54.:07:57.

away from the UK? You get that quite a bit, that

:07:58.:08:01.

people who are voting now are too scared to say so.

:08:02.:08:06.

I sense that people have made up their minds. No fighting, no

:08:07.:08:14.

rights... It has gotten a bit more

:08:15.:08:17.

acrimonious. Everybody says that, but we argue,

:08:18.:08:22.

we do not shoot each other. That is the lesson the world is taking. If

:08:23.:08:28.

you can settle different and seek self-government in a peaceful way,

:08:29.:08:31.

after that, there will be many more, other countries following us.

:08:32.:08:36.

The day of the countries is gone. That is what the campaign is about.

:08:37.:08:41.

I want to give you each a case to state your case.

:08:42.:08:45.

I cannot understand why Scotland would wish to break away from a

:08:46.:08:49.

successful country. A successful union. We have been together 300

:08:50.:08:58.

years. The UK is a brilliant growing economy. The envy of Europe. For all

:08:59.:09:05.

the wrong reasons a leap in the dark is being proposed. We should not do

:09:06.:09:07.

it. George?

:09:08.:09:14.

It is not about nationality. It is about taking over your own life.

:09:15.:09:20.

Ordinary people, organising things. Government is too far away.

:09:21.:09:25.

Everybody knows that people have turned off politics and politicians.

:09:26.:09:30.

It is too far away. We want to bring it back to the people.

:09:31.:09:34.

What is this about them? Exactly. We want to make the

:09:35.:09:41.

decisions here, not Westminster. How do Scots feel differently from

:09:42.:09:46.

other people in the United Kingdom? Can I ask you, if there is a

:09:47.:09:49.

difference, if the values are different?

:09:50.:09:54.

It is not an ethnic thing, let's be clear for anybody watching. My wife

:09:55.:09:59.

is English, my father was born there, my sister lives there,

:10:00.:10:04.

500,000 people will vote in Scotland tomorrow who come from the rest of

:10:05.:10:11.

the UK. It is not about ethnicity. 160,000 EU citizens here have the

:10:12.:10:16.

vote tomorrow. What they are voting for his inclusive politics, seeking

:10:17.:10:21.

social justice, we do not want to be thrown out of the EU, the way the

:10:22.:10:26.

Tories want to throw us out. Similarly I am a British mongrel.

:10:27.:10:31.

And English wife, an Irish granny, children living in England, two

:10:32.:10:38.

grandson exactly! But I don't want them to be

:10:39.:10:46.

foreigners to one another. I want them all to be hits. If his will

:10:47.:10:55.

when -- I want them all to be British. If his lot win, I cannot be

:10:56.:11:02.

British anymore. We'll get you a special passport!

:11:03.:11:07.

The undecideds will be crucial tomorrow and the opinion polls are

:11:08.:11:10.

saying it will be too close to call. A momentous, historic day ahead.

:11:11.:11:14.

Thank you very much. Spain's Prime Minister,

:11:15.:11:16.

Mariano Rajoy, has said independence referendums

:11:17.:11:19.

are bad for the European Union. He told the Spanish parliament

:11:20.:11:22.

the EU had been built to integrate His remarks come as the Catalan

:11:23.:11:26.

regional parliament prepares to vote on a resolution calling

:11:27.:11:33.

for a Scottish-style referendum Mr Rajoy also warned that it could

:11:34.:11:35.

take years for an independent Let's pick up that point with

:11:36.:11:41.

Independent EU analyst Geoff Meade - Alex Salmond likes to say it is a

:11:42.:11:58.

given that an independent Scotland would be part of the European Union.

:11:59.:12:06.

How does it look to you? From the day this referendum date

:12:07.:12:14.

was known, leaders of the EU have said, it is just not that simple.

:12:15.:12:21.

You might think it should be. Scotland is obviously an active

:12:22.:12:23.

member already so would not have to go through all the services you

:12:24.:12:29.

might think. It is not just the Spanish prime minister who is

:12:30.:12:32.

indicating it could take years to renegotiate. Lots of officials are

:12:33.:12:36.

not turn their heads above the parapet publicly, they do not. But

:12:37.:12:44.

behind the scenes, they say, it will take years. Scotland will need to

:12:45.:12:49.

reapply. There is the complicated relationship already Scotland

:12:50.:12:53.

believes the UK, because of course soon we will come up against a UK

:12:54.:13:00.

referendum on EU membership, and there is a wonderful irony. The odds

:13:01.:13:06.

are that if Scotland is out of the UK in Britain, the residual Britain,

:13:07.:13:15.

microphone to leave -- might vote. But let's say that the UK stayed in.

:13:16.:13:19.

And took Scotland years for membership. What Scotland wants more

:13:20.:13:24.

than Westminster is EU membership and it would be a wonderful irony if

:13:25.:13:28.

the romp was in the EU and Scotland had to wait. All we are getting here

:13:29.:13:35.

is noises from the EU, the parliament, the commission, saying,

:13:36.:13:39.

this will be a bureaucratic nightmare. To use the cliche, it is

:13:40.:13:47.

uncharted territory. And yet, the SNP would say, hang on,

:13:48.:13:55.

the Scots are keen Europeans. We provide a huge amount of the EU

:13:56.:14:01.

energy. Oil. Fish stocks. How could you do without them?

:14:02.:14:07.

It is a good question. But going back to the Catalan experience there

:14:08.:14:12.

is no appetite in Spain to usher Scotland in quickly as an

:14:13.:14:16.

independent member because what signal would that send to Catalunya?

:14:17.:14:21.

It is chomping at the bit for a referendum. It has been denied. If

:14:22.:14:26.

Scotland simply signed a bit of paper and came into the EU, or

:14:27.:14:32.

stayed in the EU, and an independent and, Catalunya would say, if they

:14:33.:14:40.

can, we can. There are movements in Italy, Flemish movements here in

:14:41.:14:43.

Belgium, if they see that this is easy they will want to do it too.

:14:44.:14:48.

That is one reason why some member states. Want to make it easy. And

:14:49.:14:54.

also it has to be, any formal application, to join separately, it

:14:55.:14:59.

has to be ratified by all countries. That process alone, even

:15:00.:15:05.

if they are willing, can take years. As I say, countries like Italy,

:15:06.:15:11.

Belgium, France, certainly Spain, will not necessarily vote. If you

:15:12.:15:15.

don't have all member states including the residual UK saying yes

:15:16.:15:22.

they're never happen. Thank you very much.

:15:23.:15:26.

Later on, we will hear how Czechoslovakia coped with its

:15:27.:15:30.

separation into two halves. President Barack Obama has said

:15:31.:15:34.

emphatically that he will not commit US troops to another ground war

:15:35.:15:36.

in Iraq. Speaking after a military briefing,

:15:37.:15:38.

Obama said the battle against Islamic State militants in Iraq and

:15:39.:15:41.

Syria requires a broad coalition, with some nations assisting the US

:15:42.:15:43.

with airstrikes, while others focus The American forces that have been

:15:44.:15:57.

deployed to Iraq do not and will not have a combat mission. They will

:15:58.:16:05.

support Iraqi forces on the ground. As they fight for their own country

:16:06.:16:12.

against these terrorists. As your commander and chief, I will not

:16:13.:16:17.

commit you and the rest of our armed forces to fighting another ground

:16:18.:16:21.

war in Iraq. After a decade of massive ground deployments, it is

:16:22.:16:27.

more effective to use our unique capabilities in support of partners

:16:28.:16:31.

on the ground so they can secure their own countries' futures. That

:16:32.:16:39.

is the only solution that will succeed over the long-term.

:16:40.:16:41.

The BBC's Barbara Plett-Usher is in Washington.

:16:42.:16:42.

Barbara, only yesterday the most senior military officer

:16:43.:16:44.

there General Martin Dempsey said he might recommend ground troops,

:16:45.:16:47.

are there differences of opinion at the highest level about

:16:48.:16:52.

Not necessarily. What General Dempsey said is that he believed the

:16:53.:17:03.

coalition that President Obama is assembling will be sufficient to

:17:04.:17:06.

take on Islamic State but he also said that the president had asked to

:17:07.:17:13.

be advised on a case-by-case basis and if he felt the coalition was not

:17:14.:17:19.

adequate to the task he would make recommendations which might include

:17:20.:17:23.

ground forces. That might be the Army signalling it should be on the

:17:24.:17:27.

ground or it might not. One thing can be said, ground forces are the

:17:28.:17:30.

weakest part of the strategy which is, for the Americans, to bomb

:17:31.:17:34.

Islamic State from the air and for the

:17:35.:17:37.

Islamic State from the air and for Iraqi forces to be fighting them on

:17:38.:17:43.

the ground. They need to be built up. General Dempsey said only half

:17:44.:17:46.

the brigades are in a position to partner effectively with US troops.

:17:47.:17:50.

There is a plan to train and equip them. Hundreds of advisers from the

:17:51.:17:54.

US have been sent to Iraq to do that. No one can say for certain how

:17:55.:17:56.

the war is going to evolve. Now a look at some

:17:57.:17:58.

of the day's other news. Gunmen in northern Nigeria

:17:59.:18:01.

have stormed a teacher training One student told the BBC that

:18:02.:18:03.

he'd counted 17 dead bodies. The gunmen set off an explosion

:18:04.:18:08.

and fired repeatedly on students. The Islamist militant group

:18:09.:18:11.

Boko Haram has carried out similar Reports from Kosovo say that police

:18:12.:18:14.

have arrested 15 people on suspicion of recruiting fighters for

:18:15.:18:20.

the militant group Islamic State. Local media say that among those

:18:21.:18:23.

arrested are prominent clerics. They were arrested

:18:24.:18:27.

in a police operation spread Ukraine's prime minister has told

:18:28.:18:30.

a cabinet meeting that one million civil servants will be screened

:18:31.:18:36.

for loyalty under a new law which The government blames

:18:37.:18:40.

the previous administration for fostering corruption

:18:41.:18:44.

and serving Russia's interests. A new experimental vaccine for Ebola

:18:45.:18:52.

is to be tested on humans Trials of the vaccine have been

:18:53.:18:55.

fast-tracked to help stem the Ebola Results from animal trials are said

:18:56.:18:59.

to have been promising and the drug will now be given to 60

:19:00.:19:04.

healthy volunteers in Oxford. Our Medical correspondent,

:19:05.:19:09.

Fergus Walsh reports. Could this be what

:19:10.:19:14.

finally stops Ebola? This vaccine has never been

:19:15.:19:17.

tested on humans until today. Ruth Atkins heard the call

:19:18.:19:23.

for volunteers on the radio while driving home from work

:19:24.:19:27.

and became the first of 60 people It's that one step and I'm part

:19:28.:19:31.

of that first step, and it gets that vaccine,

:19:32.:19:40.

they know they've got the right And that's going to make

:19:41.:19:43.

a difference to people's lives, That will become clear

:19:44.:19:47.

in just a few weeks. Normally it would take years

:19:48.:19:57.

of human trials before a completely But the research here

:19:58.:20:02.

in Oxford is being fast tracked And all being well, by the end of

:20:03.:20:09.

the year, around 10,000 doses of the jab will be available to immunise

:20:10.:20:15.

health workers in West Africa. This is why the vaccine is

:20:16.:20:23.

so desperately needed. In Liberia, the health service

:20:24.:20:26.

has been overwhelmed. Men, women, children, the virus

:20:27.:20:30.

has claimed the lives of all ages. A key question

:20:31.:20:38.

for the scientist heading the Oxford There is absolutely no risk of

:20:39.:20:40.

this vaccine giving anyone Ebola. Because nothing came out

:20:41.:20:47.

of the Ebola virus and went We've used modern technology, we use

:20:48.:20:50.

a carrier, that is another virus which is safe and has been used for

:20:51.:20:56.

lots of vaccine types, and just put one DNA sequence, a tiny fraction

:20:57.:21:00.

of the Ebola genome, into it. The vaccine can't come a moment

:21:01.:21:06.

too soon for West Africa where communities and whole economies

:21:07.:21:10.

are threatened with collapse. Let's return to our top story

:21:11.:21:17.

about the Scottish voting Some may be looking to

:21:18.:21:20.

the former Czechoslovakia as a modern example of a single

:21:21.:21:23.

country that has fairly recently It's now 21 years

:21:24.:21:26.

since Czechoslovakia divided, in Our correspondent Rob Cameron

:21:27.:21:31.

reports from Prague on what lessons Prague, seat of Kings, emperors

:21:32.:21:39.

and presidents for ten centuries. A baroque stage set for many

:21:40.:21:48.

a historical drama and a meeting But since 1993, also the capital

:21:49.:21:52.

of a much reduced country. At the stroke of midnight on

:21:53.:22:03.

December 31, 1992, Czechoslovakia And astonishingly the decision to

:22:04.:22:07.

divide it without a referendum had Leading the talks for

:22:08.:22:16.

the Czech side was Prime Minister, There was

:22:17.:22:22.

a dispute over gold reserves. You are now using

:22:23.:22:34.

the wrong argument. It is very easy to divide

:22:35.:22:41.

the country. The number of people in the

:22:42.:22:45.

Czech Republic and the That simple equation couldn't

:22:46.:22:49.

be applied everywhere. A temporary currency union

:22:50.:23:03.

collapsed after six weeks. The Slovak currency

:23:04.:23:06.

devalued massively. But in Bratislava, despite a rocky

:23:07.:23:10.

start, the Slovaks have caught up. The Slovak GDP per capita was

:23:11.:23:19.

62% the Czech GDP per capita. Just now, a few days ago,

:23:20.:23:24.

Eurostat announced that Slovakia has the same GDP per capita as the

:23:25.:23:29.

Czech Republic now. Today, Czechs and Slovaks regard

:23:30.:23:37.

their Velvet Divorce as a success, but that does not mean that there

:23:38.:23:41.

is not nostalgia for Czechoslovakia. Of course, today everybody is

:23:42.:23:46.

happy that it happened that way with no war or something.

:23:47.:23:50.

A gentle way. Still,

:23:51.:23:54.

there are a few things which are in Well, unlike the Czechs and Slovaks,

:23:55.:23:57.

the voice of Scientists here in the UK have

:23:58.:24:08.

discovered that King Richard III died in the thick of battle after

:24:09.:24:20.

losing his helmet and receiving Richard III was the last English

:24:21.:24:22.

monarch to die fighting, in the Battle of Bosworth more than

:24:23.:24:28.

500 years ago. Scans of his bones suggest that

:24:29.:24:31.

nine of 11 wounds, which were clearly inflicted in combat, were

:24:32.:24:34.

directed to the sovereign's skull. His remains were found under a car

:24:35.:24:39.

park in Leicester two years ago. The golden era of America's space

:24:40.:24:58.

age may seem consigned to history but NASA is giving up to send rocket

:24:59.:25:03.

into space. July 2011, and a moment in history.

:25:04.:25:10.

The space shuttle Atlantis makes its final landing at the Kennedy space

:25:11.:25:15.

Centre in Florida. The USA's manned missions to the stars comes to a

:25:16.:25:19.

halt. At least for a while. Three, two, one. Zero. But now it is lived

:25:20.:25:28.

off once again, and in a very American touch, it is the private

:25:29.:25:32.

sector that is leading the way. NASA is signing a deal with Boeing to

:25:33.:25:39.

build a new generation of craft, effectively space taxis, to carry

:25:40.:25:44.

astronauts to the International space Station. They's announcement

:25:45.:25:49.

sets the stage for what promises to be the most ambitious and exciting

:25:50.:25:53.

chapter in the history of NASA and human space flight. From day one,

:25:54.:25:57.

the Obama administration has made it very clear that the greatest nation

:25:58.:26:00.

on earth should not be dependent on any other nation to get into space.

:26:01.:26:05.

Particularly when that nation is Russia, hardly America's best friend

:26:06.:26:09.

at the moment, even if the astronauts to get along. It costs

:26:10.:26:14.

the US around $70 million per astronauts for a trip to the

:26:15.:26:18.

International space Station. This new deal may make quite a

:26:19.:26:26.

difference. We will have so who knows how many orbiting facilities

:26:27.:26:30.

which will be visited not only by government astronauts of every

:26:31.:26:32.

country, but Private citizens or foreign sovereign nations or mixes

:26:33.:26:41.

thereof. NASA planes the first -- planning the first mission to 2017,

:26:42.:26:48.

and hope it is the first step to the next giant leap, a mission to Mars.

:26:49.:26:51.

That is all from us, thank you for watching.

:26:52.:27:00.

So far, September has been exceptionally dry. For Wales, less

:27:01.:27:05.

than one millimetre of rain recorded. Most places will stay dry

:27:06.:27:09.

but we have still got a problem with mist and fog in the morning and

:27:10.:27:12.

persistent cloud in the east. There is the risk of some showers in the

:27:13.:27:16.

next few days, the low in the Bay of Biscay is throwing up more moisture.

:27:17.:27:20.

We could see some showers to south-west England

:27:21.:27:22.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS