19/09/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Daniela Ritorto.


Scotland votes to stay in the UK - ending a two-year fight


Scenes of jubilation in the pro-union camp - after a decisive


referendum victory - and pain in the independence camp - whose leader


- and Scotland's First Minister - announces his resignation.


It has been a privilege of my life to serve as first Minister. But this


is a process which is is not for the SNP or any political party. It is


much more important. Queen Elizabeth has released a


statement calling for people to come together again. She spoke of mutual


respect. Undeterred by the Scottish No vote -


the Spanish region of Catalonia says it is pressing ahead with


a vote on independence from Spain. As French jets carry out air strikes


in northern Iraq - hundreds of Syrian Kurds flee to Turkey in


fear of Islamic State extremists. The United Kingdom will remain


united after Scottish voters decisively rejected independence


at an historic referendum. The result wasn't as close


as polls suggested but that didn't stop the day


from being one of the most gripping A couple of hours ago, the man who


led the two-year campaign for independence, Scotland's First


Minister, Alex Salmond, announced He said he accepted the verdict


of the electorate which in the end saw 2 million people vote


against independence against 1.6 All up,


that broke down to a clear 45 Let's cross to Lucy Hockings who is


live for us at Holyrood We have been waiting for the Queen


to make her views known. I think people have been waiting for the


views of the Queen. She was pointed in staying here in Scotland at


Balmoral. Before the independence vote, she remained silent. She likes


to be neutral on political issues. But she released a statement


saying, knowing the Scots as I do, I'm sure that they are able to


express strongly held opinions before coming together in a spirit


of mutual respect to work constructively for the future of


Scotland and all parts of this country. She adds, my family and I


will do all we can to support you in this important task. She, like many


others today, are in the sizing unity. This country has been divided


by this independence referendum but she, along with Alex Salmond, who


resigned a massacre, are calling on the country to -- resigned in --


dramatically, are calling on the country to come together. With our


with all the developers here is our political editor.


More people cared, more people believed, more voted


Scotland has voted no in this referendum on independence.


The result in Fife has taken the no campaign over the line


and the official result of this referendum is a note.


The final result, 45% yes, 55% no, was clearer than most had predicted.


This morning, Alex Salmond put on a brave face,


But he called the media to the First Minister's office


in Edinburgh and announced that he would soon quit the job.


For me as leader, my time is nearly over.


But for Scotland, the campaign continues.


And the dream should never die. The real guardians of progress are no


longer politicians at Westminster, or even at Hollyrood, they are the


energised actions of tens of thousands of people who I


predict will refuse meekly to go back into the political shadows.


We have now the opportunity to hold Westminster's feet to the fire


on the vow that they have made to devolve further powers to Scotland.


This places Scotland in a very strong position.


The story of the night was clear almost


from the very first result at 1:30 a.m..


The No campaign, subdued for so long, celebrated


as result after result in 28 out of 32 areas had them winning.


Nicola Sturgeon, Alex Salmond's deputy and surely


The news from Scotland's biggest city, a consolation prize.


Not so long ago, few would have believed they would


But for Alex Salmond as he left home in the early hours,


For them, for those who has hoped for Scotland to remain


We have chosen unity over division and positive change


Today is a momentous result for Scotland, but also


By confirming our place within the union, we have reaffirmed all


Those watching outside Scotland had simply had to hold their breath.


The Prime Minister watched for much of the night, aware that


a yes vote would destroy not just as country but his reputation.


They kept our country of four nations together.


And like millions of other people, I am delighted.


The debate will settle for a generation, he said.


reruns. Scotland would get more power but change would go much


Some will ask, why on earth politicians talking


The anger they feel at the way Westminster currently runs things is


felt up and down what remains of the United Kingdom. But this great


national debate will now happen without him leading Scotland. One


thing that is certain is that the voice was clearly heard and turn out


was 85%, that is the highest since 1951. That is seen as a real triumph


here. We look now at what tipped voters away from independence.


The burden of proof from the beginning lay mostly with


To too many voters, their blueprint from the dependency incomplete, I'm


-- seemed -- blueprint for independence seemed incomplete, not


ready. ready, particularly on what currency


and independent Scotland would use. Edinburgh, home to Scotland's


financial industry -- financial services into industry,


but it 61% to stay within the UK. This is quite well-off country and I


think a lot I don't get a surprise that parts of


the country where people didn't have Even here though,


more than one in three voted yes. But I am inspired to know that


almost half the people get it. Been heartbroken


but also inspired because we know It is weird knowing that half people


are scared of change I think overall it has been very


beneficial to Scotland, despite I was in no vote when I heard


the result but I started crying because I was relieved but also


worried about what happens now. In this --


in more prosperous places, In Scotland's business city,


Glasgow voted for independence. Here, Labour voters who crossed


in large numbers were decisive. Is it oval over for them now, will


they return to the Labour fold? The sole reason is that I wanted


more than anything a yes vote. A change in labour's policies,


they were too close to Tory After what happened with Tony Blair,


I don't think the working class In this, the intervention


in the last stages of the campaign by a rejuvenated Gordon Brown


stemmed the flow of Labour voters to The margin of victory


for the union was clear, Does that mean job done,


the union is safe? 45% on a high turnout voted to end


United Kingdom's stake in Scotland. That would have been unthinkable


even 15 years ago, when the Scottish We have to remember that


1.6 million of our citizens And the really important thing to do


is to try to understand and then respond adequately to


the reasons why people voted yes. The Anglo Scottish union has


survived the greatest challenge to Scotland has settle the question


peacefully and other critically. But the challenge for the UK's


legitimacy -- but the popular challenge


for the UK's legitimacy in Scotland There are two main thing is to take


away from the referendum. The remarkably high turnout. It has been


increasingly difficult to get voters to go to the polls. They do not have


the partisan sympathies any more that mean that they will turn up for


Labour or Conservative come what may. They have to be presented with


a choice, they have to be persuaded that the referendum matters. On this


occasion, Scotland's voters clearly decided it mattered, therefore


nobody can argue that the outcome on Thursday was anything other than the


collective judgement of all of Scotland's adults. The second thing


that I would take away is that it is clear that in terms of the


arithmetic, the yes side lost and Scotland has voted to remain in the


union. At I think in many respects, the yes side won the referendum


campaign. It was not expected for them to get as many as 20 -- 45%.


Because they got as many as that, the no side found themselves under


pressure to firm up its offer in terms of more devolution for


Scotland within the framework of the UK, making this building here more


powerful than it is already. And as a result of that, Scotland is going


to change. It is going to find its constitutional check -- status will


change anyway. Indeed, public support for the status quo is now


down to 20%. We now move on to the arguments about the detail of


devolution. In the resignation of Alex Salmond, have we lost a great


figure? I think that we have to recognise that this is a man who


inherited a party with about three MPs which was in a weak position and


he ended up becoming its first parliamentary leader in government


and the did not succeed in taking his party across the waters to the


promised land of independence, but he certainly brought them to the


side of the river bank. For that, he would clearly be remembered. He has


also managed to remain -- to become a remarkably popular politician for


somebody who has been in power for seven years. But he has form in


terms of surprising us by resigning. He first resigned as SNP leader in


the sum of 2000. He also announced he was leaving the Scottish


parliament, which he did for a while. And any came back and now,


all of a sudden, he has decided to leave. I think it means that we will


see a debate inside the Scottish National party about what its stance


in terms of Scotland's constitutional future will be in the


immediate future and in particular, whether it will get involved in


those talks that the Unionist parties want to hold about more


devolution. Thank you. One small point I would like to mention, it is


coming through that 71% of 16 and point I would like to mention, it is


17-year-olds voted here in Scotland. People here are saying they are very


proud of that. So,


the vote in Scotland could have a profound impact on government across


the United Kingdom with new powers for England, Wales and Northern


Ireland as well as Scotland. Dr Mark Elliott is a reader


in public law at the University of Cambridge where he specialises


in constitutional law. a great big new constitutional


headache is now just starting? a great big new constitutional


think that is absolutely right. I think he is very relieved that the


think that is absolutely right. I Particularly because of the


think that is absolutely right. I additional powers for Scotland, that


opens up a new series of questions about how


opens up a new series of questions UK should be treated. Talk is


through what those options are because the three main parties are


all promising something slightly different? I think it is clear


something is going to be on offer and there will be a transfer of


additional powers to Scotland. What is not clear at the present time is


firstly, whether that will happen on the very rapid timescale that Gordon


Brown promised a week ago and secondly, although it seems pretty


clear that the powers will include things like enhanced taxation powers


and spending, precisely how far that will kill remains to be seen. We are


broadcasting to the UK and internationally as well, we have


heard a lot today about the so-called induced question, can you


explain that? England finds itself in a strange position because when


devolution was introduced in the late 1990s, new parliament were


cratered in Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland. But no English


Parliament was created. The issue which that gives rise to raise that


when for example, Scotland makes laws for itself, the only law makers


involved in that art the members of the Scottish Parliament. Because


there was an English parliament, its laws have got to be made by the UK


Parliament in Westminster and of course, MPs from all four of the


nations sit in that parliament. So the problem really is that while an


English MP can no longer influenced the vast majority of Scottish law,


Scottish and Welsh and Northern Irish MPs still have a in relation


to the making of English law. One week to think one way to solve that


would be a federal UK, I am thinking of Australia, with happen? It could


happen, lots of people have used the Word, federalism, and the last few


weeks. But that would be a very significant change and that strikes


me as unlikely. The UK constitution is built on a very long and


continuous history and the tendency has always been towards incremental


piece by piece change and switching to a federal system would involve


the adoption of a written constitution and it would be a


seismic change of the Constitution at a time when we don't usually


adopt here. The vote and its result has been


watched closely across the world, especially in regions wanting


independence, perhaps nowhere more Our correspondent is in the Catalan


capital, Barcelona. The main message from Catalonia's


president reacting to that no vote in Scotland was that he still plans


to hold a Scottish style referendum here in Catalonia on independence


from Spain on November 9. Pressed from journalists over


whether the Scottish no vote was a defeat or setback for him


personally, he said it was not, despite having said a week ago that


he wanted a yes vote in Scotland. Why does he claim it is not


a setback? He is focused on the right to


a vote here in Catalonia. The Spanish government had said


a vote in Catalonia would be illegal, it doesn't fit with


the Spanish constitution. The Spanish constitutional court is


expected to rule exactly that in a matter of days but he praised


both Scotland and Britain. He said it shows that Britain is


a mature society, He said we seek a similar choice


and it is the only way, the right way in the 21st-century, but it is


still unclear whether the vote here in Catalonia will take place and


if it does, what will it mean? A look now at some


of theday's other news. The authorities in the West African


nation of Guinea have launched an investigation after eight people


including doctors, local officials and journalists died while trying to


raise awareness about Ebola. They are believed to have been


killed with machetes and clubs by villagers who feared they had


come to spread the disease. Guinea's Prime Minister said those


responsible will be punished. Thousands of people have been forced


to leave their homes in Northern California after


a wildfire burning out of control The blaze is the biggest


in what officials describe as the A man has been arrested


on suspicion of arson. The Syrian Observatory for Human


Rights is reporting that Islamic State militants have seized 60


Kurdish villages near the Turkish The report comes


as Turkey is allowing thousands of Syrian Kurds fleeing IS to cross


its southern border. Meanwhile in neighbouring Iraq,


France has become the first country to join the US campaign


of air strikes against IS fighters. The French have now joined the fight


against Islamic State. Inside northern Iraq, fighter jets like


these struck a logistics depot and apparently killed dozens of


militants. I think there are always risks in taking responsibility. I


have reduce these risks as much as I can. The onus is always on trying to


extinguish terrorism but this form of terrorism is not exclusive to the


Middle East. It threatens us all stop the French intervention will be


welcomed by the US and its allies. The Kurdish forces in Iraq on the


front line up the fight against Islamic State. But inside


neighbouring Syria, Kurds find themselves under and even more


immediate threat. Face-to-face with more guns on a Turkish


paramilitaries block Kurdish refugees from crossing into Turkey,


shots were fired and not all into the air. One man showed the wind


from one of the bullets. These Kurdish refugees have just fled the


spreading violence in northern Syria and were greeted by arms and barbed


wire. These are the people now with nowhere to go. Families is giving


the advance of Islamic State fighters and fearing for their


lives. Militants had besieged a Kurdish town in northern Syria and


seized many villages. On the Turkish side of the border, the Kurds were


angry at the Turkey army. This man said the people on the other side


are our cousins. They are running away from war and they came here to


seek shelter. We demand our relatives are let in. The flow of


people has stirred up deep anxieties inside Turkey about Kurdish


separatism and Turkey already shelters around 1.5 million Syrian


refugees. Under pressure, Ankara has now opened the border. These Kurds


at least will be able to join their families. But with the advance of


Islamic State at, there is likely to be more turmoil and clinical


questions of the future of the Kurds will intensify.


The former French President Nicolas Sarkozy has


announced he is returning to politics after two years away.


He has said he will stand for the leadership of the centre-right


He resigned in 2012 after losing France's presidential election.


Nicolas Sarkozy is back? Indeed he is. It was expected, he has let it


be known over the last few months that this was going to happen. It


happened as an announcement on his Facebook page. A text in which he


pours pity on the current state of France and says it has reached a cut


of Tropic state and pose is therefore as a kind of saviour of


the nation, he wants to come back and basically he feels he cannot not


come back, given the state of the country and what he wants to do now


is run for the leadership of the UMP party, the opposition centre-right


party but which has been Roger less since the last election. He wants to


be the leader of that party and the election is coming up in November


and from there he wants to launch a bid for the presidency. It is a big


moment because we have a return to French politics of the biggest beast


there is. The man who defeated him of course is Francoise Hollande, he


has ordered these air strikes in Iraq, what is the public mood?


People are pretty much behind it but I think one


People are pretty much behind it but need to make is how deeply unpopular


President Hollande is. need to make is how deeply unpopular


unpopular and ironically, for an action is the one


From me and the rest of the team, goodbye.


There has been some lively storms across parts of the UK today and


some of these are running into the night. The humid air will be


replaced by fresh conditions find this cold front as we go into the


weekend. We are stuck with that humidity through the next few hours


and into tomorrow morning across England and Wales. For Northern


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