22/09/2014 World News Today


22/09/2014

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This is World News Today. 130,000 Kurdish refugees have fled north

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from Syria to Turkey. The biggest single exodus since Syria's war

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began. Some of these refugees say they are escaping massacres at the

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hands of Islamic state fighters. The UN at UG agency says they urgently

:00:24.:00:29.

need food and winter clothing. Tesco admitted overstating its profits,

:00:30.:00:36.

but will check out that we the share prices are flat.

:00:37.:00:39.

Gushing oil, America's black gold, was the foundation of his empire.

:00:40.:00:42.

Today the giants of the oil industry stand as monuments to Rockefeller,

:00:43.:00:44.

The Rockefeller family which made its name and its fortune in oil,

:00:45.:00:55.

says it is switching to clean energy. Plus searching for the

:00:56.:01:00.

secrets of the dead world. NASA 's latest mission to mask is into orbit

:01:01.:01:05.

around the red planet. -- mission to Mars.

:01:06.:01:18.

single exodus of refugees from Syria. As could escape north across

:01:19.:01:27.

the Turkish border, Turkey is no closing its border crossings against

:01:28.:01:31.

those getting away from Islamic State fighters. In the last three

:01:32.:01:36.

days, more than 130,000 Kurds across the border into Turkey on top of the

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million-plus Syrian refugees who are already there. Most of the recent

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influx of come from the predominately Kurdish towns which

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are being threatened by Islamic State militants, but to the it's

:01:50.:01:55.

also clashing with Kurds try to get back into Syria to fight Islamic

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State. Our reporter has been speaking to refugees. They took what

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they could and headed north. Away from the danger of militant

:02:08.:02:09.

fighters, and towards the sanctuary of Turkey. 130,000 Syrian Kurds have

:02:10.:02:17.

now arrived carrying remnants of their lives. Even the weakest forced

:02:18.:02:23.

to flee. At a Turkish government facility, they are registered and

:02:24.:02:26.

attempt to take control of the influx. Outside we met this woman

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with her baby, born yesterday before crossing the border. Imagine the

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terror that drove her to leave on the day she gave birth. She had not

:02:38.:02:47.

yet given him a name. TRANSLATION: No country helped us,

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no country cares. They attacked us, killing our people, livestock and

:02:52.:02:57.

burning our homes. Fierce bans the generations. This woman says does

:02:58.:03:00.

not know her age but thinks she is 78. She fled with 28 members of

:03:01.:03:10.

their family. TRANSLATION: I cannot go back to my

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village because we lost everything. We are on our own and no one is left

:03:16.:03:19.

there. Anyone who escaped could and those who stayed, were killed.

:03:20.:03:23.

Turkish authorities that our provision for 100,000 people to come

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over but that's already been far exceeded. The numbers in the space

:03:28.:03:31.

of four days alone would overwhelm any country. Officials say another

:03:32.:03:38.

200,000 could still come. As Islamic State fighters closing. Their

:03:39.:03:45.

target, the Syrian Kurdish cities powerless leak close to the Turkish

:03:46.:03:49.

border. They have attacked dozens of nearby villages. Today, Kurdish

:03:50.:03:54.

fighters pushed them back. But the Islamic State spokesman said Kurds

:03:55.:03:57.

would be killed because they are allied with the West.

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TRANSLATION: Our war with code that religious war, not a nationalistic

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war for that we do not fight them because they are Kurds. Rather be

:04:07.:04:09.

fight the disbelievers amongst them, the allies of the Crusaders.

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On the border, clashes the game between Turkish troops and local

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Kurds, blocked from crossing into Syria to battle Islamic State.

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Turkey fears the fighting may spread into its own territory. The tension

:04:27.:04:32.

here has boiled over. As Turkey tries to find a home for the new

:04:33.:04:37.

arrivals, they take refuge in the local mosque. This country are

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struggling to cope as more waves are prepared to come, seeking solace

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from a growing threat. Let's go live now to our reporter.

:04:43.:04:54.

You said the Turkish forces have also been involved in some clashes

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with Kurdish would-be fighters, a lot of history here, of course. A

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lot of history, Philip, and a lot of simmering tension which has come to

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the surface. With this influx of Kurdish refugees. Kurds and Turks

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fought a long and bloody civil war, and there was a fragile peace which

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is still just about holding but it is shaken by this refugee influx, so

:05:24.:05:27.

as tens of thousands of come across the border, that has led to Kurds on

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the side wanting to go the other side into Syria to help fight with

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the Kurdish militia against the Islamic State, but Turkey fears they

:05:37.:05:39.

would then join them on the other side in Syria, and that could lead

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to fresh attacks here in Turkey, so that just shows you the sensitive

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allegiances in this region which are very much coming to the surface.

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Tension is boiling over as the Islamic State onslaught continues

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and the refugees continues to come over. You have humanitarian impulses

:06:04.:06:06.

I suppose and national security needs, as it perceives them? I'm

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sorry, I missed that. You have Turkey's humanitarian impulses take

:06:14.:06:22.

me in the Syrians but also have their own national security

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concerns, competing instincts? Yes, that is the challenge Turkey faces.

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Country but already over 1 million refugees, along and vulnerable

:06:31.:06:36.

border with Syria and rock. 900, does with Syria, 600 with a rock. So

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it knows any sort of wrong moves could lead to a serious security

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threat -- Iraq. Syria did not sign up to the USA led fight against

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Islamic State because it feared retaliatory strikes here, so a lot

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of competing problems. On one hand, massive refugee wave, and on the

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other hand, real security issues and security tensions to deal with, and

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that is the very tight balance they have got to strike. Thank you for

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your report. Staying in Syria, the former British prime ministers Tony

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Blair has said sending in ground forces to fight Islamic State should

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not be ruled out. President Obama repeated promise that no combat

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troops would be deployed against Islamic State but Tony Blair said

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without boots on the ground, Islamic State can be defeated. It needs

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someone's boots on the ground, for sure, could be the local fighters.

:07:48.:07:54.

Iraqi forces. The Kurdish forces, people who could do this may be, so

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that's why I'm not saying necessarily in this situation, it

:07:58.:08:02.

has to be the USA or the UK, but what I am saying is if you look at

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the responses that we have, we are already giving significant help on

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the ground. We the broad alliance of nations. If necessary, we should not

:08:17.:08:23.

rule out the use of some particularly special for scalability

:08:24.:08:27.

is. My point there was very simple. All of our experience teaches us

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that unless you are prepared to fight these people on the ground,

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you are going to contain them. Eat them. Let's hear more about what's

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happening on the ground because with me is our reporter. -- not beat

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them. What are you hearing? I talked to the Kurdish government president

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and he said himself, his entire cabinet are picking up arms and

:08:57.:09:01.

joining the fight. It shows how dire the situation is. Honestly, there is

:09:02.:09:09.

fighting going on between Kurdish fighters and Islamic State militants

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and he told there have been able to push them back but in the worst area

:09:12.:09:18.

there is fight going on and many villages have been found in the

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hands of Islamic State, which is why many refugees flocking to the

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Turkish border and trying to get to the other side. Its international

:09:28.:09:31.

communities don't help them, if the city 's fall, it's a great boost for

:09:32.:09:36.

Islamic State militants, because the city has been cutting off the route

:09:37.:09:44.

between those under the control of Islamic State militants full if they

:09:45.:09:47.

capture the city, they could move from one side to the other side.

:09:48.:09:53.

That's why, we are seeing fighters, Kurdish men, queueing to get back

:09:54.:09:57.

into John Battle, but are they also add matched in terms of weaponry?

:09:58.:10:02.

What does Islamic State have against them? In the past few months,

:10:03.:10:08.

Islamic State has been able to get their hands on very sophisticated

:10:09.:10:14.

heavy weapons, given to the Iraqi armies, and they capture them. With

:10:15.:10:20.

the air attack on them, many of them, with those weapons, moved back

:10:21.:10:25.

to Syria, and have been attacking the Kurdish reason. -- region. They

:10:26.:10:30.

have heavy weapons on the other hand. The Kurdish fighters just have

:10:31.:10:38.

AK-47s. I was there in Syria and they are fighting with a basic

:10:39.:10:44.

military weapons at this moment. The people you have been speaking to in

:10:45.:10:48.

that situation today, what do they want from the international

:10:49.:10:51.

community? Air strikes? Ground troops coming in? What I was hearing

:10:52.:10:58.

for them, they said they had people on the ground, they need help, most

:10:59.:11:04.

likely, what they need is air strikes. Something like what

:11:05.:11:08.

happened in Kurdistan. A few weeks ago, almost last month, it wasn't

:11:09.:11:18.

the American air strikes, IIS militants could have taken over the

:11:19.:11:19.

capital. If they take over the militants could have taken over the

:11:20.:11:22.

it would be a great boost for militants could have taken over the

:11:23.:11:27.

the militants, and they will be more powerful. That's why the local

:11:28.:11:33.

leaders are pleading for help from the international community,

:11:34.:11:38.

possibly air strikes. Thank you so much for giving us those details for

:11:39.:11:42.

some real watch what's happening there. The supermarket giant Tesco

:11:43.:11:47.

has suspended four senior executives including its UK managing director

:11:48.:11:51.

and launch an independent investigation after was found to be

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massively overestimated its profits ride ?250 million. Tesco is the

:11:57.:12:00.

world 's second biggest retailer with stores across Asia and Europe.

:12:01.:12:06.

Here is our business correspondence, Emma Simpson. Never mind the prices,

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it turns out Tesco has been getting its own figures wrong. A huge

:12:15.:12:20.

accounting error has come to light. The new boss has only been in the

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job for three weeks at Tesco HQ, and his first interview today was not

:12:25.:12:29.

the starting would have wanted. The early indications are 250 million,

:12:30.:12:34.

based on that, that's the guidance we have given Boro must stress at

:12:35.:12:38.

this point in time, until I've done a full investigation, I don't know

:12:39.:12:42.

that it was happening. It's obviously a very serious issue but I

:12:43.:12:45.

will investigate and we will speak to anybody who can help me

:12:46.:12:49.

understand exactly what's gone on. The news stunned the city. Tesco's

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share price was already on the slide and today it fell to its lowest

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level in more than a decade. Confidence in this company is taking

:13:00.:13:04.

a huge knock. A warning like this is extremely rare because it's the

:13:05.:13:07.

heart of the city, the premise that when we are told members, we can

:13:08.:13:11.

rely on those numbers. Here we have a company telling us that a

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fundamental mistake. This accounting error is not down to business at

:13:17.:13:22.

the, Tesco thinks it is countless commercial income earlier than it

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should have done, making profits look higher. It is hugely damaging

:13:26.:13:29.

and the last thing this company needs. Sales of been falling, and

:13:30.:13:37.

so, too, have profits. It is still a biggest retailer in Britain by far

:13:38.:13:40.

the Tesco has been losing shoppers, squeezed by the likes of Waitrose at

:13:41.:13:43.

the top and the discounters of the bottom. This is a business under

:13:44.:13:52.

huge pressure. The new CEO has moved quickly. He has suspended four

:13:53.:13:55.

executives including this man, Tesco's UK boss. They are stepping

:13:56.:14:02.

aside to allow a full investigation. It is yet more

:14:03.:14:08.

turmoil for Tesco. Is this financial error a one-off or part of a wider

:14:09.:14:12.

problem? Questions the new boss has to deal with, as well as winning

:14:13.:14:19.

customers back. With me as Graham, from the Daily Telegraph newspaper.

:14:20.:14:25.

I know you have been writing this all day full somehow Du character

:14:26.:14:29.

rise this mistake? Mistake, error, no one is saying this before. It's

:14:30.:14:35.

one of Britain's biggest companies. The second biggest retailer in the

:14:36.:14:40.

world and a ?250 million, to seemingly disappear from profits, is

:14:41.:14:45.

unprecedented, really. The key is how complex Tesco is. It has

:14:46.:14:48.

hundreds of suppliers, dealing with them on a daily basis. And what has

:14:49.:14:54.

happened here is somewhere along the line, deliberately or accidentally,

:14:55.:14:59.

the way their kind for the dealings with their suppliers has gone very,

:15:00.:15:08.

very wrong indeed. You are seeing it could have been a series of honest

:15:09.:15:14.

mistakes. This is a company under pressure. This is the third time

:15:15.:15:19.

that they have warned on profits in the last two months. Tesco in the UK

:15:20.:15:29.

is losing sales. This is a business is desperately trying to protect

:15:30.:15:38.

itself and protect its profits. At the least it has misled shareholders

:15:39.:15:44.

and the city. There is big followed in Britain. In terms of Tesco as a

:15:45.:15:50.

global brand is this damaging? As a brand that is disastrous. Tesco's

:15:51.:15:55.

brand in the UK is already under pressure. Globally it does not

:15:56.:16:03.

reflect very well. In terms of overseas it could have far reaching

:16:04.:16:10.

consequences. Tesco now has ?250 million missing that it's not that

:16:11.:16:14.

hard. A lot of analysts are speculating that the company might

:16:15.:16:25.

have to sell some overseas assets. This is very bad news for the person

:16:26.:16:29.

at the top who is one month into the job. He joined a month early because

:16:30.:16:39.

trading was so bad. He has come in and on Friday we were appalled that

:16:40.:16:43.

he was informed by the General Counsel of Tesco that there was this

:16:44.:16:49.

problem. He has now got to find out whether what happened was a one off

:16:50.:16:53.

ever off whether there is something inherently wrong in Tesco. He wants

:16:54.:16:59.

to focus on getting the stores right and this issue has come out of the

:17:00.:17:01.

blue. Tens of thousands of students

:17:02.:17:04.

in Hong Kong have begun a week of strikes and rallies

:17:05.:17:07.

against the government in Beijing. They're angry at China's plans to

:17:08.:17:09.

vet candidates ahead of Hong Kong's Demonstrators say China is backing

:17:10.:17:12.

out of a commitment to give The BBC's Juliana Liu reports

:17:13.:17:20.

from Hong Kong. The

:17:21.:17:26.

beginning of the boycott. Thousands of students have gathered at the

:17:27.:17:29.

Chinese University of Hong Kong to take part in a week-long strike.

:17:30.:17:32.

Students from more than two dozen universities and vocational

:17:33.:17:37.

schools are here. They say it's much more than just skipping classes.

:17:38.:17:43.

They've organised a series of rallies and public lectures on the

:17:44.:17:46.

future of democracy in Hong Kong. Their main goal is to put pressure

:17:47.:17:51.

on the Chinese and Hong Kong governments to loosen restrictions

:17:52.:17:54.

on who can run for the position of Chief Executive in three years. The

:17:55.:17:58.

Chinese Government outlined those rules at the end of August. Everyone

:17:59.:18:02.

in Hong Kong will be able to vote, but the candidates must be approved

:18:03.:18:08.

by more than half of the nominating body that is expected to be filled

:18:09.:18:14.

with Beijing loyalists. Only two or made their decision it crushed the

:18:15.:18:18.

dreams of some Hong Kong people who have been fighting hard for

:18:19.:18:28.

democracy for the past 30 years. But

:18:29.:18:32.

not all are convinced the boycott will achieve very little, maybe

:18:33.:18:34.

nothing. I think after the Chinese Government made its decision it will

:18:35.:18:42.

not be affected by Hong Kong's The city is deeply divided

:18:43.:18:45.

between those who want greater democracy and those who do not wish

:18:46.:18:49.

to antagonise the Chinese Government. Some believe having any

:18:50.:18:54.

kind of say at the ballot box is better than having no say at all.

:18:55.:18:58.

The striking students don't agree. Many support a civil disobedience

:18:59.:19:02.

campaign called Occupy Central which plans to stage a sit-in in the

:19:03.:19:07.

central business district as early as October after the week-long

:19:08.:19:11.

strike ends. Now a look at some

:19:12.:19:24.

of the day?s other news. In Ukraine the army says it's

:19:25.:19:27.

preparing to withdraw heavy artillery in the east of the

:19:28.:19:30.

country, in line with an agreement reached last week to set up a buffer

:19:31.:19:33.

zone with the pro-Russian rebels. Although a truce is still in place,

:19:34.:19:35.

clashes have continued around the cities of Donetsk and Mariupol.

:19:36.:19:40.

The World Health Organisation says the overall number of deaths from

:19:41.:19:42.

the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has now risen to almost 2,800. In

:19:43.:19:46.

Sierra Leone, the head of the Ebola emergency operations centre says a

:19:47.:19:50.

three-day curfew designed to contain the outbreak of the virus has been

:19:51.:19:54.

largely successful. During the lockdown 130 new Ebola cases were

:19:55.:19:59.

recorded. There's no end

:20:00.:20:02.

in sight to the to the eight day Air France pilots? strike, after

:20:03.:20:04.

an offer by the airline aimed at resolving the dispute was rejected.

:20:05.:20:09.

The main union wants guarantees on pay and work conditions

:20:10.:20:12.

before Air France begins to operate low-cost Transavia flights

:20:13.:20:21.

from other European countries. The Rockefellers, the family which

:20:22.:20:23.

built its multi-million dollar philanthropic organisation from oil,

:20:24.:20:26.

is set to announce that it's selling its investments in fossil fuels,

:20:27.:20:30.

and reinvesting in clean energy. The Rockefeller Fund is one

:20:31.:20:33.

of a number to join a coalition pledging to rid

:20:34.:20:36.

themselves of more than $50 billion of assets tied to fossil fuels.

:20:37.:20:42.

It comes ahead of the opening of the UN climate change summit on Tuesday.

:20:43.:20:46.

With me is Tom Burke, the Chairman of

:20:47.:20:48.

the environmental organisation E3G and former adviser to the British

:20:49.:20:49.

Government on climate change. How significant is this? It is of

:20:50.:21:10.

enormous symbolic significance. Substantively it will take a lot

:21:11.:21:14.

more organisations to make the difference to the investments of oil

:21:15.:21:22.

companies. But that reinforces the political pressure that is building

:21:23.:21:25.

up on governments simply because events are driving the public to get

:21:26.:21:29.

more concerned about what is happening to the environment. We are

:21:30.:21:33.

seeing tens of thousands on the streets. Yes. But this because

:21:34.:21:39.

things are happening in their lives that make sense to them about a

:21:40.:21:47.

change in climate. What we are seeing now from all the investment

:21:48.:21:52.

banks is a huge message that the cost of removals is going through

:21:53.:21:57.

the floor. Rockefeller is shifting their money out of fossil fuels into

:21:58.:22:04.

clean technology. That is smart as well as right. This could be a

:22:05.:22:12.

tipping point in business terms? I think outside of the traditional

:22:13.:22:16.

energy countries there is a major transformation going on that the

:22:17.:22:20.

politicians have not yet cottoned onto. If that is driven by smart

:22:21.:22:27.

economics and laws the risk of them doing stronger things on climate

:22:28.:22:31.

change. It gives them more scope to address the problem on a political

:22:32.:22:41.

level. China's emissions now equal those of the European Union and the

:22:42.:22:45.

United States combined. So even if US culture changes direction... ?

:22:46.:22:52.

The Chinese are changing faster than the Americans or the Europeans. They

:22:53.:22:57.

are about to announce an emissions trading scheme. They already invest

:22:58.:23:01.

more in renewables than Europe and the native States combined. We

:23:02.:23:06.

cannot say that we will not do anything until they do something. We

:23:07.:23:09.

have to catch up with what they are doing.

:23:10.:23:14.

When you look at the thinking of the Rockefeller foundation are they

:23:15.:23:18.

worried about public pressure? Or is it about business? It is two things.

:23:19.:23:25.

Because it is a philanthropic financial organisation they are

:23:26.:23:27.

worried about what is the right thing to do. They also worry because

:23:28.:23:32.

they have two sustain the legacy. They also want to do the smart

:23:33.:23:40.

thing. Will it change the tone of conversation? You have got to see

:23:41.:23:51.

this as ten in a complex opera. But it will help to change. They are the

:23:52.:23:55.

people who started it all. It could be a significant catalyst. It is not

:23:56.:24:01.

the complete game changer but it is catalytic. We will hear more in the

:24:02.:24:07.

next few days about why it might not be a good idea to keep your

:24:08.:24:10.

investments in call. You are seeing these things over. It is not a cup

:24:11.:24:17.

final. It will not be all over on the day. But we are getting to the

:24:18.:24:23.

bottom of the Valley of death Andrea Shashi decline out. -- Valley of

:24:24.:24:33.

death. We have managed to climb out.

:24:34.:24:38.

NASA's latest mission to Mars has arrived in orbit around the

:24:39.:24:40.

The Maven spacecraft is there to study how Mars transformed

:24:41.:24:43.

from a planet with water and a thick atmosphere to the dry,

:24:44.:24:46.

Scientists think it may have happened

:24:47.:24:49.

because the planet lost its magnetic field around four billion years ago

:24:50.:24:52.

as our Science Correspondent, Pallab Ghosh, now explains.

:24:53.:24:54.

NASA's latest mission to Mars. After a ten month journey the Maven

:24:55.:24:56.

spacecraft is now in orbit around the Red Planet.

:24:57.:24:59.

Much to the delight of the Mission

:25:00.:25:04.

We are in orbit of Mars. It is a cliche. People walk

:25:05.:25:12.

around going, it is not rocket science. Well, sometimes it is

:25:13.:25:14.

This is what Mars was like four billion years ago. A

:25:15.:25:20.

world with flowing water and thick clouds, similar in many ways to the

:25:21.:25:26.

Earth. Maven's mission is to find out how it ended up like this, the

:25:27.:25:29.

The climate has changed on Mars

:25:30.:25:37.

significantly over the past few billion years. We are trying to

:25:38.:25:40.

understand what the cause of that climate change has been. In essence

:25:41.:25:42.

that's our goal, to answer the question, where did the water go,

:25:43.:25:46.

time by an Indian spacecraft which will also be

:25:47.:25:57.

analysing the atmosphere. And with NASA's Curiosity Rover on the

:25:58.:26:02.

ground scientists will know more about the Red Planet than ever

:26:03.:26:04.

All our missions really add up to enabling us to figure out

:26:05.:26:09.

how humans will be able to go to Mars, survive for long periods of

:26:10.:26:16.

The spacecraft will spend a year in orbit around Mars, taking detailed

:26:17.:26:25.

of the atmosphere that is still escaping from the planet.

:26:26.:26:37.

That is all. Thank you for joining us. Monday turned out to be a decent

:26:38.:27:01.

day for many parts of the British Isles. It could be a cold night.

:27:02.:27:08.

They will be some patchy fog

:27:09.:27:09.

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