22/09/2014 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 22/09/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is World News Today. 130,000 Kurdish refugees have fled north


from Syria to Turkey. The biggest single exodus since Syria's war


began. Some of these refugees say they are escaping massacres at the


hands of Islamic state fighters. The UN at UG agency says they urgently


need food and winter clothing. Tesco admitted overstating its profits,


but will check out that we the share prices are flat.


Gushing oil, America's black gold, was the foundation of his empire.


Today the giants of the oil industry stand as monuments to Rockefeller,


The Rockefeller family which made its name and its fortune in oil,


says it is switching to clean energy. Plus searching for the


secrets of the dead world. NASA 's latest mission to mask is into orbit


around the red planet. -- mission to Mars.


single exodus of refugees from Syria. As could escape north across


the Turkish border, Turkey is no closing its border crossings against


those getting away from Islamic State fighters. In the last three


days, more than 130,000 Kurds across the border into Turkey on top of the


million-plus Syrian refugees who are already there. Most of the recent


influx of come from the predominately Kurdish towns which


are being threatened by Islamic State militants, but to the it's


also clashing with Kurds try to get back into Syria to fight Islamic


State. Our reporter has been speaking to refugees. They took what


they could and headed north. Away from the danger of militant


fighters, and towards the sanctuary of Turkey. 130,000 Syrian Kurds have


now arrived carrying remnants of their lives. Even the weakest forced


to flee. At a Turkish government facility, they are registered and


attempt to take control of the influx. Outside we met this woman


with her baby, born yesterday before crossing the border. Imagine the


terror that drove her to leave on the day she gave birth. She had not


yet given him a name. TRANSLATION: No country helped us,


no country cares. They attacked us, killing our people, livestock and


burning our homes. Fierce bans the generations. This woman says does


not know her age but thinks she is 78. She fled with 28 members of


their family. TRANSLATION: I cannot go back to my


village because we lost everything. We are on our own and no one is left


there. Anyone who escaped could and those who stayed, were killed.


Turkish authorities that our provision for 100,000 people to come


over but that's already been far exceeded. The numbers in the space


of four days alone would overwhelm any country. Officials say another


200,000 could still come. As Islamic State fighters closing. Their


target, the Syrian Kurdish cities powerless leak close to the Turkish


border. They have attacked dozens of nearby villages. Today, Kurdish


fighters pushed them back. But the Islamic State spokesman said Kurds


would be killed because they are allied with the West.


TRANSLATION: Our war with code that religious war, not a nationalistic


war for that we do not fight them because they are Kurds. Rather be


fight the disbelievers amongst them, the allies of the Crusaders.


On the border, clashes the game between Turkish troops and local


Kurds, blocked from crossing into Syria to battle Islamic State.


Turkey fears the fighting may spread into its own territory. The tension


here has boiled over. As Turkey tries to find a home for the new


arrivals, they take refuge in the local mosque. This country are


struggling to cope as more waves are prepared to come, seeking solace


from a growing threat. Let's go live now to our reporter.


You said the Turkish forces have also been involved in some clashes


with Kurdish would-be fighters, a lot of history here, of course. A


lot of history, Philip, and a lot of simmering tension which has come to


the surface. With this influx of Kurdish refugees. Kurds and Turks


fought a long and bloody civil war, and there was a fragile peace which


is still just about holding but it is shaken by this refugee influx, so


as tens of thousands of come across the border, that has led to Kurds on


the side wanting to go the other side into Syria to help fight with


the Kurdish militia against the Islamic State, but Turkey fears they


would then join them on the other side in Syria, and that could lead


to fresh attacks here in Turkey, so that just shows you the sensitive


allegiances in this region which are very much coming to the surface.


Tension is boiling over as the Islamic State onslaught continues


and the refugees continues to come over. You have humanitarian impulses


I suppose and national security needs, as it perceives them? I'm


sorry, I missed that. You have Turkey's humanitarian impulses take


me in the Syrians but also have their own national security


concerns, competing instincts? Yes, that is the challenge Turkey faces.


Country but already over 1 million refugees, along and vulnerable


border with Syria and rock. 900, does with Syria, 600 with a rock. So


it knows any sort of wrong moves could lead to a serious security


threat -- Iraq. Syria did not sign up to the USA led fight against


Islamic State because it feared retaliatory strikes here, so a lot


of competing problems. On one hand, massive refugee wave, and on the


other hand, real security issues and security tensions to deal with, and


that is the very tight balance they have got to strike. Thank you for


your report. Staying in Syria, the former British prime ministers Tony


Blair has said sending in ground forces to fight Islamic State should


not be ruled out. President Obama repeated promise that no combat


troops would be deployed against Islamic State but Tony Blair said


without boots on the ground, Islamic State can be defeated. It needs


someone's boots on the ground, for sure, could be the local fighters.


Iraqi forces. The Kurdish forces, people who could do this may be, so


that's why I'm not saying necessarily in this situation, it


has to be the USA or the UK, but what I am saying is if you look at


the responses that we have, we are already giving significant help on


the ground. We the broad alliance of nations. If necessary, we should not


rule out the use of some particularly special for scalability


is. My point there was very simple. All of our experience teaches us


that unless you are prepared to fight these people on the ground,


you are going to contain them. Eat them. Let's hear more about what's


happening on the ground because with me is our reporter. -- not beat


them. What are you hearing? I talked to the Kurdish government president


and he said himself, his entire cabinet are picking up arms and


joining the fight. It shows how dire the situation is. Honestly, there is


fighting going on between Kurdish fighters and Islamic State militants


and he told there have been able to push them back but in the worst area


there is fight going on and many villages have been found in the


hands of Islamic State, which is why many refugees flocking to the


Turkish border and trying to get to the other side. Its international


communities don't help them, if the city 's fall, it's a great boost for


Islamic State militants, because the city has been cutting off the route


between those under the control of Islamic State militants full if they


capture the city, they could move from one side to the other side.


That's why, we are seeing fighters, Kurdish men, queueing to get back


into John Battle, but are they also add matched in terms of weaponry?


What does Islamic State have against them? In the past few months,


Islamic State has been able to get their hands on very sophisticated


heavy weapons, given to the Iraqi armies, and they capture them. With


the air attack on them, many of them, with those weapons, moved back


to Syria, and have been attacking the Kurdish reason. -- region. They


have heavy weapons on the other hand. The Kurdish fighters just have


AK-47s. I was there in Syria and they are fighting with a basic


military weapons at this moment. The people you have been speaking to in


that situation today, what do they want from the international


community? Air strikes? Ground troops coming in? What I was hearing


for them, they said they had people on the ground, they need help, most


likely, what they need is air strikes. Something like what


happened in Kurdistan. A few weeks ago, almost last month, it wasn't


the American air strikes, IIS militants could have taken over the


capital. If they take over the militants could have taken over the


it would be a great boost for militants could have taken over the


the militants, and they will be more powerful. That's why the local


leaders are pleading for help from the international community,


possibly air strikes. Thank you so much for giving us those details for


some real watch what's happening there. The supermarket giant Tesco


has suspended four senior executives including its UK managing director


and launch an independent investigation after was found to be


massively overestimated its profits ride ?250 million. Tesco is the


world 's second biggest retailer with stores across Asia and Europe.


Here is our business correspondence, Emma Simpson. Never mind the prices,


it turns out Tesco has been getting its own figures wrong. A huge


accounting error has come to light. The new boss has only been in the


job for three weeks at Tesco HQ, and his first interview today was not


the starting would have wanted. The early indications are 250 million,


based on that, that's the guidance we have given Boro must stress at


this point in time, until I've done a full investigation, I don't know


that it was happening. It's obviously a very serious issue but I


will investigate and we will speak to anybody who can help me


understand exactly what's gone on. The news stunned the city. Tesco's


share price was already on the slide and today it fell to its lowest


level in more than a decade. Confidence in this company is taking


a huge knock. A warning like this is extremely rare because it's the


heart of the city, the premise that when we are told members, we can


rely on those numbers. Here we have a company telling us that a


fundamental mistake. This accounting error is not down to business at


the, Tesco thinks it is countless commercial income earlier than it


should have done, making profits look higher. It is hugely damaging


and the last thing this company needs. Sales of been falling, and


so, too, have profits. It is still a biggest retailer in Britain by far


the Tesco has been losing shoppers, squeezed by the likes of Waitrose at


the top and the discounters of the bottom. This is a business under


huge pressure. The new CEO has moved quickly. He has suspended four


executives including this man, Tesco's UK boss. They are stepping


aside to allow a full investigation. It is yet more


turmoil for Tesco. Is this financial error a one-off or part of a wider


problem? Questions the new boss has to deal with, as well as winning


customers back. With me as Graham, from the Daily Telegraph newspaper.


I know you have been writing this all day full somehow Du character


rise this mistake? Mistake, error, no one is saying this before. It's


one of Britain's biggest companies. The second biggest retailer in the


world and a ?250 million, to seemingly disappear from profits, is


unprecedented, really. The key is how complex Tesco is. It has


hundreds of suppliers, dealing with them on a daily basis. And what has


happened here is somewhere along the line, deliberately or accidentally,


the way their kind for the dealings with their suppliers has gone very,


very wrong indeed. You are seeing it could have been a series of honest


mistakes. This is a company under pressure. This is the third time


that they have warned on profits in the last two months. Tesco in the UK


is losing sales. This is a business is desperately trying to protect


itself and protect its profits. At the least it has misled shareholders


and the city. There is big followed in Britain. In terms of Tesco as a


global brand is this damaging? As a brand that is disastrous. Tesco's


brand in the UK is already under pressure. Globally it does not


reflect very well. In terms of overseas it could have far reaching


consequences. Tesco now has ?250 million missing that it's not that


hard. A lot of analysts are speculating that the company might


have to sell some overseas assets. This is very bad news for the person


at the top who is one month into the job. He joined a month early because


trading was so bad. He has come in and on Friday we were appalled that


he was informed by the General Counsel of Tesco that there was this


problem. He has now got to find out whether what happened was a one off


ever off whether there is something inherently wrong in Tesco. He wants


to focus on getting the stores right and this issue has come out of the


blue. Tens of thousands of students


in Hong Kong have begun a week of strikes and rallies


against the government in Beijing. They're angry at China's plans to


vet candidates ahead of Hong Kong's Demonstrators say China is backing


out of a commitment to give The BBC's Juliana Liu reports


from Hong Kong. The


beginning of the boycott. Thousands of students have gathered at the


Chinese University of Hong Kong to take part in a week-long strike.


Students from more than two dozen universities and vocational


schools are here. They say it's much more than just skipping classes.


They've organised a series of rallies and public lectures on the


future of democracy in Hong Kong. Their main goal is to put pressure


on the Chinese and Hong Kong governments to loosen restrictions


on who can run for the position of Chief Executive in three years. The


Chinese Government outlined those rules at the end of August. Everyone


in Hong Kong will be able to vote, but the candidates must be approved


by more than half of the nominating body that is expected to be filled


with Beijing loyalists. Only two or made their decision it crushed the


dreams of some Hong Kong people who have been fighting hard for


democracy for the past 30 years. But


not all are convinced the boycott will achieve very little, maybe


nothing. I think after the Chinese Government made its decision it will


not be affected by Hong Kong's The city is deeply divided


between those who want greater democracy and those who do not wish


to antagonise the Chinese Government. Some believe having any


kind of say at the ballot box is better than having no say at all.


The striking students don't agree. Many support a civil disobedience


campaign called Occupy Central which plans to stage a sit-in in the


central business district as early as October after the week-long


strike ends. Now a look at some


of the day?s other news. In Ukraine the army says it's


preparing to withdraw heavy artillery in the east of the


country, in line with an agreement reached last week to set up a buffer


zone with the pro-Russian rebels. Although a truce is still in place,


clashes have continued around the cities of Donetsk and Mariupol.


The World Health Organisation says the overall number of deaths from


the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has now risen to almost 2,800. In


Sierra Leone, the head of the Ebola emergency operations centre says a


three-day curfew designed to contain the outbreak of the virus has been


largely successful. During the lockdown 130 new Ebola cases were


recorded. There's no end


in sight to the to the eight day Air France pilots? strike, after


an offer by the airline aimed at resolving the dispute was rejected.


The main union wants guarantees on pay and work conditions


before Air France begins to operate low-cost Transavia flights


from other European countries. The Rockefellers, the family which


built its multi-million dollar philanthropic organisation from oil,


is set to announce that it's selling its investments in fossil fuels,


and reinvesting in clean energy. The Rockefeller Fund is one


of a number to join a coalition pledging to rid


themselves of more than $50 billion of assets tied to fossil fuels.


It comes ahead of the opening of the UN climate change summit on Tuesday.


With me is Tom Burke, the Chairman of


the environmental organisation E3G and former adviser to the British


Government on climate change. How significant is this? It is of


enormous symbolic significance. Substantively it will take a lot


more organisations to make the difference to the investments of oil


companies. But that reinforces the political pressure that is building


up on governments simply because events are driving the public to get


more concerned about what is happening to the environment. We are


seeing tens of thousands on the streets. Yes. But this because


things are happening in their lives that make sense to them about a


change in climate. What we are seeing now from all the investment


banks is a huge message that the cost of removals is going through


the floor. Rockefeller is shifting their money out of fossil fuels into


clean technology. That is smart as well as right. This could be a


tipping point in business terms? I think outside of the traditional


energy countries there is a major transformation going on that the


politicians have not yet cottoned onto. If that is driven by smart


economics and laws the risk of them doing stronger things on climate


change. It gives them more scope to address the problem on a political


level. China's emissions now equal those of the European Union and the


United States combined. So even if US culture changes direction... ?


The Chinese are changing faster than the Americans or the Europeans. They


are about to announce an emissions trading scheme. They already invest


more in renewables than Europe and the native States combined. We


cannot say that we will not do anything until they do something. We


have to catch up with what they are doing.


When you look at the thinking of the Rockefeller foundation are they


worried about public pressure? Or is it about business? It is two things.


Because it is a philanthropic financial organisation they are


worried about what is the right thing to do. They also worry because


they have two sustain the legacy. They also want to do the smart


thing. Will it change the tone of conversation? You have got to see


this as ten in a complex opera. But it will help to change. They are the


people who started it all. It could be a significant catalyst. It is not


the complete game changer but it is catalytic. We will hear more in the


next few days about why it might not be a good idea to keep your


investments in call. You are seeing these things over. It is not a cup


final. It will not be all over on the day. But we are getting to the


bottom of the Valley of death Andrea Shashi decline out. -- Valley of


death. We have managed to climb out.


NASA's latest mission to Mars has arrived in orbit around the


The Maven spacecraft is there to study how Mars transformed


from a planet with water and a thick atmosphere to the dry,


Scientists think it may have happened


because the planet lost its magnetic field around four billion years ago


as our Science Correspondent, Pallab Ghosh, now explains.


NASA's latest mission to Mars. After a ten month journey the Maven


spacecraft is now in orbit around the Red Planet.


Much to the delight of the Mission


We are in orbit of Mars. It is a cliche. People walk


around going, it is not rocket science. Well, sometimes it is


This is what Mars was like four billion years ago. A


world with flowing water and thick clouds, similar in many ways to the


Earth. Maven's mission is to find out how it ended up like this, the


The climate has changed on Mars


significantly over the past few billion years. We are trying to


understand what the cause of that climate change has been. In essence


that's our goal, to answer the question, where did the water go,


time by an Indian spacecraft which will also be


analysing the atmosphere. And with NASA's Curiosity Rover on the


ground scientists will know more about the Red Planet than ever


All our missions really add up to enabling us to figure out


how humans will be able to go to Mars, survive for long periods of


The spacecraft will spend a year in orbit around Mars, taking detailed


of the atmosphere that is still escaping from the planet.


That is all. Thank you for joining us. Monday turned out to be a decent


day for many parts of the British Isles. It could be a cold night.


They will be some patchy fog


Download Subtitles