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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. President Obama
has urged the world to help dismantle what he calls the Islamic
State's "network of death". The United States continues to
target Islamic State fighters with five more air-strikes across Syria
and Iraq. And combating the militant group
-tops the agenda at the United Nations General assembly in New
York. Also coming up: Radical Muslim
cleric Abu Qatada is freed from prison after a Jordanian court rules
there was insufficient evidence to convict him of terrorism offences.
Around the world in architectural styles - we'll take you on a journey
through the eyes of some of the world's top photographers.
Hello and welcome. President Obama tells the UN, the only language
Islamic State fighters understand is force, as the US-led coalition
military launched five more air-strikes near the Iraqi Syrian
border. Key IS targets were hit in an air strike in the Syrian town of
Al Qa'im on the Iraqi border. Two air strikes west of Baghdad and two
strikes southeast of Irbil destroyed IS vehicles, a weapons cache and key
militant fighting positions. Earlier there were reports of strikes near
the Syrian border with Turkey, around the Kurdish town of Kobane,
which has been besieged by IS fighters. It comes a day after the
first US airstrikes hit several key towns and cities across Syria
including Raqqa - Islamic State's self-declared capital. So far the US
military has launched missiles from two destroyers, a guided missile
cruiser in the Gulf and a destroyer in the Red Sea. Our Security
Correspondent Frank Gardner reports.
Called Islamic State, the United States has launched an offensive
against them. Britain did not take part in the attacks Pat has hinted
they may. We are working to make sure that we ultimately destroy this
evil organisation. These are Australian attack jets arriving at
an airbase. Five Arab countries have taken part in the air strikes with
others offering discreet logistical support. The governments see the
jihadists as a real threat although not all their populations will
agree. There is no doubting the deepening humanitarian crisis caused
by Islamic State crossing borders. Border guards and tacky as
struggling to contain the exodus of refugees. It is said that Islamic
State since militants have stepped up the pressure, the situation is
worsening. The latest figures are very worrying. I do not need to
quote the numbers again but there are 11 million people in need in
Syria. Much of the top at the United Nations today is how Islamic State
to defeat the so-called. Islamic State. Ran has called the air
strikes are legal. Iran has called the air strikes illegal. By Friday
we should know if Britain will take part in the air strikes.
And it's been confirmed within the last hour that the UK Parliament
will be recalled on Friday to debate British air strikes. Now our Chief
International Correspondent Lyse Doucet joins us from Baghdad - Lyse,
what part is the Iraqi military playing, or expecting to play, in
Any military officer would tell you that it will not be won through air
strikes. There have been six weeks of air strikes and 3000 sorties and
2000 raids have not diminished in any way the strength of the fighters
who are controlling about a quarter of Iraq. The Iraqi army which has
been backed up by air strikes has taken back a few times and some key
installations but every day we're still getting reports of their
brutality. Today 11 Iraqi soldiers were beheaded by Islamic state
fighters and a 16th century Islamic cemetery was destroyed and a seventh
century judge was also destroyed. A massacre of 300 or more Iraqi
soldiers killed at the base not far from Baghdad. This war is not over
and in the end it will have to be the Iraqi army on the ground that
will have to take the territory back and trying to work with the
malicious who are talking of forming a National Guard. --with the
militias. It will take time to mash together the volunteers and the
regular army. --mesh Full stop what do you make of the appeal by
President Obama not to -- for young Muslims not to take up arms? I would
say if I were a young Muslim that these calls should be matched by
action. They want jobs and investment in these areas and
opportunities and political stability but in one country after
another they have been better lonely -- bitterly disappointed by the
interaction of the West. President of Bama was speaking to the United
Nations in New York. --Obama. This is the president arriving. Here at
the United Nations, the president explained why this was not possible
when it came to extremists. There is no God who justifies this terror and
no grievance justifies these actions. There can be no reasoning
or negotiation with this brand of evil. The only language understood
by killers like this is the language of force. The United States of
America will work with a broad coalition to dismantle this network
of death. America has pulled together an international coalition
of around 40 countries. Five Arab states have joined. Not satisfied
with 40 nations, the president says that he wants the whole world to
unite in the fight against Islamic State. He also wants to deal with
the corruption of young minds by violent ideology. There were fresh
air strikes overnight and this unverified footage posted online
Islamic State purports to show fighting on Monday for control of
our time. -- a town. American jets committed air strikes against our
town in the morning. Thank God that only minor injuries and that life as
normal. France has confirmed that a French
tourist who was taken hostage in Algeria on Sunday has been killed.
Earlier an Algerian jihadist group with links to Islamic State released
a short video it said showed Herve Gourdal being beheaded. The group is
demanding an end to French Max Boot is a leading American
military historian and senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.
He joins me from New York. Do you think that President Obama,
and Nobel Peace Prize winner, is turning into hock? -- a hawk? I
think it will take more effective ground action to destroy this group
which controls an area larger than the United Kingdom. As the White
House considers that, do you feel that the heat is now of President
Assad? My concern is that we may be going to IDE factual Alliance --de
facto alliance. This alliance with President Assad and his resume would
be unfortunate because they have been even more brutal Islamic State
than Islamic State. They will not join any coalition in which Iran and
proxies of Iran and proxies overran figure prominently. It does look
like a rapprochement of sort. Iran is making the situation worse in
Syria and not better. Their hardline militias have driven people into the
arms of Islamic State. I think you can get a much more stable Iraq by
trying to mobilise moderate factions amongst several of the ethnic
groups. There are more responsible voices Npower in Baghdad, if this is
the case, and more active roles are taken by other factions, there is
the possibility of effectively sidelining Iran. During the US-led
surge into Iraq in 2007 2008, this card. --this occurred four. The
Iranians with their murderous tactics as just a big problem as
Islamic State. We should not align ourselves with one group of and Thai
Western extremists with another group of anti-western instruments.
--anti-Western extremists. Abu Qatada was deported from the UK
in 2013. He was freed
from prison earlier today. June Kelly's report contains
some flash photography. Abu Qatada return to his own country
last year as a terrorist suspect. Today he became a free man. One of
his first gestures was to kiss the feet of his father in a traditional
show of respect. He thanked first guard and then his lawyer for his
freedom. Earlier he was brought into the cage of the dark in the security
court to learn his faith. -- fate. As the knot guilty verdict was
delivered, the formality of the court was forgotten. -- not guilty.
His many sisters and brothers have followed his case from the start.
For his lawyer, there was a kiss. He has been cleared of conspiring in a
plot which was thwarted to attack Western and Israeli interests in
Jordan to 15 years ago. This has been an international legal
marathon. Abu Qatada took his case through every British court and then
on to Europe as he fought against being sent ask here to face these
charges. As part of the deal with the UK, the Jordanians promised that
test me obtained through torturing of the suspects would not be used
against him. The judge said the other remaining evidence was too
weak to convicted. There is no chance of him returning to Britain.
The UK courts here with clear that he was a threat. He is subject to a
deportation order and is subject to a UN travel ban and that means he
will not be returning to the UK. This afternoon, he made his way back
to the family home which he left when he moved to London and
established himself as an extremist preacher of international influence.
Since he was deported to the Middle East, he has condemned Islamic
state. But as he returns to family life he remains a supporter of
Al-Qaeda and Abu Qatada is now free to speak openly once again.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
NATO says there's been a significant withdrawal of Russian
conventional troops from inside eastern Ukraine, although
Moscow has never acknowledged the presence of Russian troops
The European police agency, Europol, says more than1,000 people have
been arrested in what it said was the biggest ever
operation against organised crime across the continent.
200 people, 30 of them children, were saved from traffickers and
France's Defence minister has admitted that an operation to fly
suspected Islamic militants from Turkey to France was a "muddle"
and a "mess" after they walked free from Marseilles airport.
French police had been waiting for them at an airport in Paris.
In the end they handed themselves in to the authorities.
Air France has had to cancel more than half its scheduled flights
today - far more at some airports - following a ten day strike
by its pilots plans to expand its low cost airline Transavia.
Transavia carried 6.5 million passengers last year,
and Air France would like to double that number by 2017.
So what's the objection and how much damage is the strike
In our Paris studio is the Aviation consultant and CEO of the auditing
How bad is this for Air France? It is a terrible impact. The strike is
costing about 20 million euros in operational cost. Also in terms of
credibility, image, for maybe weeks, months and even years. It has a
terrible impact on duty-free shops, retail shops, taxis and the French
tourism industry. Tens of thousands of people have been stranded at
world airports for the past ten days. Tens of thousands of tourists
who were about to come to France for the holidays, thousands of investors
and businessmen prevented on coming to France to do their business. It
has a bad impact on the finances of Air France and the image and
credibility of France as a business and touristic destination. How is
the airline trying to change its business model in expanding this low
cost airline? Their plan is to expand Transavia France which is a
fully owned subsidy based in France and they are trying to set up a
company called Transavia Europe outside of France. A low-cost
subsidiary which will be in line in terms of the business model of
Ryanair and easyJet. That is their plan for the next few years to try
to compete against the low-cost airlines on European routes. That is
the main issue for the pilots, who fear that their jobs will be
relocated in other countries, and less in favour with the pilots
because of lower wages. That is at the heart of the problem at the
moment in the conflict between Air France and its pilots. Air France is
also trying to get round France's strict labour laws? They are trying
to get round the French labour laws indeed. Trying to find a business
model that will allow them to compete more affect Eveleigh against
Ryanair and easyJet and other low-cost airlines. -- compete
effectively. That is indeed the plan, they are trying to find ways
to pay their pilots lower wages and find ways to pay lower social
charges and find ways to have more flexible labour law to improve the
flexibility of the pilots's schedules. I am afraid we are going
to happen to leave it there. But thank you very much.
India has become the first country to succeed
in putting a spacecraft into orbit around Mars on the first attempt.
It is also one of the cheapest missions to Mars ever carried out.
Sanjoy Mujumder sent this report from Bangalore.
Celebrating a historic triumph at mission control. Reaching the red
planet on the very first attempt and joining an elite club of space
explorers. A proud moment for the scientists and India's Prime
Minister who had flown in a specially for the moment. History
has been created today. We have dared to reach out into the unknown
and have achieved the near impossible. There were a few tense
moments as the spacecraft was put through a series of critical moments
before being placed in orbit. But it all went to plan. There is a sense
of pride for not only succeeding in sending a mission to Mars on the
very first attempt, they have done it at a fraction of the cost of
compatible missions. India's home-grown mission is almost a 10th
of the cost from NASA, even cheaper than the Hollywood Lock buster,
gravity. It will explore the red planet's atmosphere and send its
findings back to Earth. But today was all about national pride.
From the first skyscrapers in New York to the modern towers of
Venezuela and the construction around
China's Three Gorges Dam, a new exhibition is opening on Thursday
that brings together powerful photographs of modern architecture.
I've been talking to some of the international photographers
featured in "Constructing Worlds" at London's Barbican Centre
This is the opening image of the exhibition, taken in 1932. It is
night view in New York. It was taken from the top of the Empire State
building, looking down at twilight on the December solstice. It begins
a global journey. Some of the images are grandiose, others are very down
to earth. The intention early on was to provide a global journey through
the 20th and 21st century, looking at how history is expressed through
architecture and the built form. We wanted to traverse the globe,
starting with New York and the first modern metropolis. Quickly sites of
interest is have changed over the last two decades. I am interested in
looking at the world with attention. To photograph something that is
obvious that doesn't require attention. I think attention is
better described by photographing the everyday. What seems fascinating
to me, is to go through life and the most ordinary moments with
attention. Here is work by a British-based photographer in 2007.
He travelled from the mouth of a river in Shanghai through to Tibet.
In one of his journeys he came across this brutalist sculpture
which is a controversial monument to the three Gorges Dam. I was in
Berlin and I had the opportunity to go and visit the Jewish Museum. It
is a very important Goulding and was still in construction, which is
something I love to photograph because the building is like a
skeleton. It is just concept, you don't need Windows or a fire escape.
It is just the main idea of the architecture. After those images
celebrating lights, comes a room in which darker forms loomed towards
us. The work of a Japanese photographer. His 1997 image of the
twin towers, the World Trade Center serves as a memorial to what is
gone. That is all, thanks for being here
today. Most of us have enjoyed some
sunshine today. Tomorrow will be different. We will have cloud around
and it will be thick enough to bring out rakes of rain. Weather fronts
continue to blow in. On Thursday, it will be a damp and mild