24/09/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. President Obama


has urged the world to help dismantle what he calls the Islamic


State's "network of death". The United States continues to


target Islamic State fighters with five more air-strikes across Syria


and Iraq. And combating the militant group


-tops the agenda at the United Nations General assembly in New


York. Also coming up: Radical Muslim


cleric Abu Qatada is freed from prison after a Jordanian court rules


there was insufficient evidence to convict him of terrorism offences.


Around the world in architectural styles - we'll take you on a journey


through the eyes of some of the world's top photographers.


Hello and welcome. President Obama tells the UN, the only language


Islamic State fighters understand is force, as the US-led coalition


military launched five more air-strikes near the Iraqi Syrian


border. Key IS targets were hit in an air strike in the Syrian town of


Al Qa'im on the Iraqi border. Two air strikes west of Baghdad and two


strikes southeast of Irbil destroyed IS vehicles, a weapons cache and key


militant fighting positions. Earlier there were reports of strikes near


the Syrian border with Turkey, around the Kurdish town of Kobane,


which has been besieged by IS fighters. It comes a day after the


first US airstrikes hit several key towns and cities across Syria


including Raqqa - Islamic State's self-declared capital. So far the US


military has launched missiles from two destroyers, a guided missile


cruiser in the Gulf and a destroyer in the Red Sea. Our Security


Correspondent Frank Gardner reports.


Called Islamic State, the United States has launched an offensive


against them. Britain did not take part in the attacks Pat has hinted


they may. We are working to make sure that we ultimately destroy this


evil organisation. These are Australian attack jets arriving at


an airbase. Five Arab countries have taken part in the air strikes with


others offering discreet logistical support. The governments see the


jihadists as a real threat although not all their populations will


agree. There is no doubting the deepening humanitarian crisis caused


by Islamic State crossing borders. Border guards and tacky as


struggling to contain the exodus of refugees. It is said that Islamic


State since militants have stepped up the pressure, the situation is


worsening. The latest figures are very worrying. I do not need to


quote the numbers again but there are 11 million people in need in


Syria. Much of the top at the United Nations today is how Islamic State


to defeat the so-called. Islamic State. Ran has called the air


strikes are legal. Iran has called the air strikes illegal. By Friday


we should know if Britain will take part in the air strikes.


And it's been confirmed within the last hour that the UK Parliament


will be recalled on Friday to debate British air strikes. Now our Chief


International Correspondent Lyse Doucet joins us from Baghdad - Lyse,


what part is the Iraqi military playing, or expecting to play, in


Any military officer would tell you that it will not be won through air


strikes. There have been six weeks of air strikes and 3000 sorties and


2000 raids have not diminished in any way the strength of the fighters


who are controlling about a quarter of Iraq. The Iraqi army which has


been backed up by air strikes has taken back a few times and some key


installations but every day we're still getting reports of their


brutality. Today 11 Iraqi soldiers were beheaded by Islamic state


fighters and a 16th century Islamic cemetery was destroyed and a seventh


century judge was also destroyed. A massacre of 300 or more Iraqi


soldiers killed at the base not far from Baghdad. This war is not over


and in the end it will have to be the Iraqi army on the ground that


will have to take the territory back and trying to work with the


malicious who are talking of forming a National Guard. --with the


militias. It will take time to mash together the volunteers and the


regular army. --mesh Full stop what do you make of the appeal by


President Obama not to -- for young Muslims not to take up arms? I would


say if I were a young Muslim that these calls should be matched by


action. They want jobs and investment in these areas and


opportunities and political stability but in one country after


another they have been better lonely -- bitterly disappointed by the


interaction of the West. President of Bama was speaking to the United


Nations in New York. --Obama. This is the president arriving. Here at


the United Nations, the president explained why this was not possible


when it came to extremists. There is no God who justifies this terror and


no grievance justifies these actions. There can be no reasoning


or negotiation with this brand of evil. The only language understood


by killers like this is the language of force. The United States of


America will work with a broad coalition to dismantle this network


of death. America has pulled together an international coalition


of around 40 countries. Five Arab states have joined. Not satisfied


with 40 nations, the president says that he wants the whole world to


unite in the fight against Islamic State. He also wants to deal with


the corruption of young minds by violent ideology. There were fresh


air strikes overnight and this unverified footage posted online


Islamic State purports to show fighting on Monday for control of


our time. -- a town. American jets committed air strikes against our


town in the morning. Thank God that only minor injuries and that life as


normal. France has confirmed that a French


tourist who was taken hostage in Algeria on Sunday has been killed.


Earlier an Algerian jihadist group with links to Islamic State released


a short video it said showed Herve Gourdal being beheaded. The group is


demanding an end to French Max Boot is a leading American


military historian and senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.


He joins me from New York. Do you think that President Obama,


and Nobel Peace Prize winner, is turning into hock? -- a hawk? I


think it will take more effective ground action to destroy this group


which controls an area larger than the United Kingdom. As the White


House considers that, do you feel that the heat is now of President


Assad? My concern is that we may be going to IDE factual Alliance --de


facto alliance. This alliance with President Assad and his resume would


be unfortunate because they have been even more brutal Islamic State


than Islamic State. They will not join any coalition in which Iran and


proxies of Iran and proxies overran figure prominently. It does look


like a rapprochement of sort. Iran is making the situation worse in


Syria and not better. Their hardline militias have driven people into the


arms of Islamic State. I think you can get a much more stable Iraq by


trying to mobilise moderate factions amongst several of the ethnic


groups. There are more responsible voices Npower in Baghdad, if this is


the case, and more active roles are taken by other factions, there is


the possibility of effectively sidelining Iran. During the US-led


surge into Iraq in 2007 2008, this card. --this occurred four. The


Iranians with their murderous tactics as just a big problem as


Islamic State. We should not align ourselves with one group of and Thai


Western extremists with another group of anti-western instruments.


--anti-Western extremists. Abu Qatada was deported from the UK


in 2013. He was freed


from prison earlier today. June Kelly's report contains


some flash photography. Abu Qatada return to his own country


last year as a terrorist suspect. Today he became a free man. One of


his first gestures was to kiss the feet of his father in a traditional


show of respect. He thanked first guard and then his lawyer for his


freedom. Earlier he was brought into the cage of the dark in the security


court to learn his faith. -- fate. As the knot guilty verdict was


delivered, the formality of the court was forgotten. -- not guilty.


His many sisters and brothers have followed his case from the start.


For his lawyer, there was a kiss. He has been cleared of conspiring in a


plot which was thwarted to attack Western and Israeli interests in


Jordan to 15 years ago. This has been an international legal


marathon. Abu Qatada took his case through every British court and then


on to Europe as he fought against being sent ask here to face these


charges. As part of the deal with the UK, the Jordanians promised that


test me obtained through torturing of the suspects would not be used


against him. The judge said the other remaining evidence was too


weak to convicted. There is no chance of him returning to Britain.


The UK courts here with clear that he was a threat. He is subject to a


deportation order and is subject to a UN travel ban and that means he


will not be returning to the UK. This afternoon, he made his way back


to the family home which he left when he moved to London and


established himself as an extremist preacher of international influence.


Since he was deported to the Middle East, he has condemned Islamic


state. But as he returns to family life he remains a supporter of


Al-Qaeda and Abu Qatada is now free to speak openly once again.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


NATO says there's been a significant withdrawal of Russian


conventional troops from inside eastern Ukraine, although


Moscow has never acknowledged the presence of Russian troops


The European police agency, Europol, says more than1,000 people have


been arrested in what it said was the biggest ever


operation against organised crime across the continent.


200 people, 30 of them children, were saved from traffickers and


France's Defence minister has admitted that an operation to fly


suspected Islamic militants from Turkey to France was a "muddle"


and a "mess" after they walked free from Marseilles airport.


French police had been waiting for them at an airport in Paris.


In the end they handed themselves in to the authorities.


Air France has had to cancel more than half its scheduled flights


today - far more at some airports - following a ten day strike


by its pilots plans to expand its low cost airline Transavia.


Transavia carried 6.5 million passengers last year,


and Air France would like to double that number by 2017.


So what's the objection and how much damage is the strike


In our Paris studio is the Aviation consultant and CEO of the auditing


How bad is this for Air France? It is a terrible impact. The strike is


costing about 20 million euros in operational cost. Also in terms of


credibility, image, for maybe weeks, months and even years. It has a


terrible impact on duty-free shops, retail shops, taxis and the French


tourism industry. Tens of thousands of people have been stranded at


world airports for the past ten days. Tens of thousands of tourists


who were about to come to France for the holidays, thousands of investors


and businessmen prevented on coming to France to do their business. It


has a bad impact on the finances of Air France and the image and


credibility of France as a business and touristic destination. How is


the airline trying to change its business model in expanding this low


cost airline? Their plan is to expand Transavia France which is a


fully owned subsidy based in France and they are trying to set up a


company called Transavia Europe outside of France. A low-cost


subsidiary which will be in line in terms of the business model of


Ryanair and easyJet. That is their plan for the next few years to try


to compete against the low-cost airlines on European routes. That is


the main issue for the pilots, who fear that their jobs will be


relocated in other countries, and less in favour with the pilots


because of lower wages. That is at the heart of the problem at the


moment in the conflict between Air France and its pilots. Air France is


also trying to get round France's strict labour laws? They are trying


to get round the French labour laws indeed. Trying to find a business


model that will allow them to compete more affect Eveleigh against


Ryanair and easyJet and other low-cost airlines. -- compete


effectively. That is indeed the plan, they are trying to find ways


to pay their pilots lower wages and find ways to pay lower social


charges and find ways to have more flexible labour law to improve the


flexibility of the pilots's schedules. I am afraid we are going


to happen to leave it there. But thank you very much.


India has become the first country to succeed


in putting a spacecraft into orbit around Mars on the first attempt.


It is also one of the cheapest missions to Mars ever carried out.


Sanjoy Mujumder sent this report from Bangalore.


Celebrating a historic triumph at mission control. Reaching the red


planet on the very first attempt and joining an elite club of space


explorers. A proud moment for the scientists and India's Prime


Minister who had flown in a specially for the moment. History


has been created today. We have dared to reach out into the unknown


and have achieved the near impossible. There were a few tense


moments as the spacecraft was put through a series of critical moments


before being placed in orbit. But it all went to plan. There is a sense


of pride for not only succeeding in sending a mission to Mars on the


very first attempt, they have done it at a fraction of the cost of


compatible missions. India's home-grown mission is almost a 10th


of the cost from NASA, even cheaper than the Hollywood Lock buster,


gravity. It will explore the red planet's atmosphere and send its


findings back to Earth. But today was all about national pride.


From the first skyscrapers in New York to the modern towers of


Venezuela and the construction around


China's Three Gorges Dam, a new exhibition is opening on Thursday


that brings together powerful photographs of modern architecture.


I've been talking to some of the international photographers


featured in "Constructing Worlds" at London's Barbican Centre


This is the opening image of the exhibition, taken in 1932. It is


night view in New York. It was taken from the top of the Empire State


building, looking down at twilight on the December solstice. It begins


a global journey. Some of the images are grandiose, others are very down


to earth. The intention early on was to provide a global journey through


the 20th and 21st century, looking at how history is expressed through


architecture and the built form. We wanted to traverse the globe,


starting with New York and the first modern metropolis. Quickly sites of


interest is have changed over the last two decades. I am interested in


looking at the world with attention. To photograph something that is


obvious that doesn't require attention. I think attention is


better described by photographing the everyday. What seems fascinating


to me, is to go through life and the most ordinary moments with


attention. Here is work by a British-based photographer in 2007.


He travelled from the mouth of a river in Shanghai through to Tibet.


In one of his journeys he came across this brutalist sculpture


which is a controversial monument to the three Gorges Dam. I was in


Berlin and I had the opportunity to go and visit the Jewish Museum. It


is a very important Goulding and was still in construction, which is


something I love to photograph because the building is like a


skeleton. It is just concept, you don't need Windows or a fire escape.


It is just the main idea of the architecture. After those images


celebrating lights, comes a room in which darker forms loomed towards


us. The work of a Japanese photographer. His 1997 image of the


twin towers, the World Trade Center serves as a memorial to what is


gone. That is all, thanks for being here


today. Most of us have enjoyed some


sunshine today. Tomorrow will be different. We will have cloud around


and it will be thick enough to bring out rakes of rain. Weather fronts


continue to blow in. On Thursday, it will be a damp and mild


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