24/09/2014 World News Today


24/09/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. President Obama

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has urged the world to help dismantle what he calls the Islamic

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State's "network of death". The United States continues to

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target Islamic State fighters with five more air-strikes across Syria

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and Iraq. And combating the militant group

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-tops the agenda at the United Nations General assembly in New

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York. Also coming up: Radical Muslim

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cleric Abu Qatada is freed from prison after a Jordanian court rules

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there was insufficient evidence to convict him of terrorism offences.

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Around the world in architectural styles - we'll take you on a journey

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through the eyes of some of the world's top photographers.

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Hello and welcome. President Obama tells the UN, the only language

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Islamic State fighters understand is force, as the US-led coalition

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military launched five more air-strikes near the Iraqi Syrian

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border. Key IS targets were hit in an air strike in the Syrian town of

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Al Qa'im on the Iraqi border. Two air strikes west of Baghdad and two

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strikes southeast of Irbil destroyed IS vehicles, a weapons cache and key

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militant fighting positions. Earlier there were reports of strikes near

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the Syrian border with Turkey, around the Kurdish town of Kobane,

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which has been besieged by IS fighters. It comes a day after the

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first US airstrikes hit several key towns and cities across Syria

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including Raqqa - Islamic State's self-declared capital. So far the US

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military has launched missiles from two destroyers, a guided missile

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cruiser in the Gulf and a destroyer in the Red Sea. Our Security

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Correspondent Frank Gardner reports.

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Called Islamic State, the United States has launched an offensive

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against them. Britain did not take part in the attacks Pat has hinted

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they may. We are working to make sure that we ultimately destroy this

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evil organisation. These are Australian attack jets arriving at

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an airbase. Five Arab countries have taken part in the air strikes with

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others offering discreet logistical support. The governments see the

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jihadists as a real threat although not all their populations will

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agree. There is no doubting the deepening humanitarian crisis caused

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by Islamic State crossing borders. Border guards and tacky as

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struggling to contain the exodus of refugees. It is said that Islamic

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State since militants have stepped up the pressure, the situation is

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worsening. The latest figures are very worrying. I do not need to

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quote the numbers again but there are 11 million people in need in

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Syria. Much of the top at the United Nations today is how Islamic State

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to defeat the so-called. Islamic State. Ran has called the air

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strikes are legal. Iran has called the air strikes illegal. By Friday

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we should know if Britain will take part in the air strikes.

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And it's been confirmed within the last hour that the UK Parliament

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will be recalled on Friday to debate British air strikes. Now our Chief

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International Correspondent Lyse Doucet joins us from Baghdad - Lyse,

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what part is the Iraqi military playing, or expecting to play, in

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Any military officer would tell you that it will not be won through air

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strikes. There have been six weeks of air strikes and 3000 sorties and

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2000 raids have not diminished in any way the strength of the fighters

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who are controlling about a quarter of Iraq. The Iraqi army which has

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been backed up by air strikes has taken back a few times and some key

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installations but every day we're still getting reports of their

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brutality. Today 11 Iraqi soldiers were beheaded by Islamic state

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fighters and a 16th century Islamic cemetery was destroyed and a seventh

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century judge was also destroyed. A massacre of 300 or more Iraqi

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soldiers killed at the base not far from Baghdad. This war is not over

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and in the end it will have to be the Iraqi army on the ground that

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will have to take the territory back and trying to work with the

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malicious who are talking of forming a National Guard. --with the

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militias. It will take time to mash together the volunteers and the

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regular army. --mesh Full stop what do you make of the appeal by

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President Obama not to -- for young Muslims not to take up arms? I would

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say if I were a young Muslim that these calls should be matched by

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action. They want jobs and investment in these areas and

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opportunities and political stability but in one country after

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another they have been better lonely -- bitterly disappointed by the

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interaction of the West. President of Bama was speaking to the United

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Nations in New York. --Obama. This is the president arriving. Here at

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the United Nations, the president explained why this was not possible

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when it came to extremists. There is no God who justifies this terror and

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no grievance justifies these actions. There can be no reasoning

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or negotiation with this brand of evil. The only language understood

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by killers like this is the language of force. The United States of

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America will work with a broad coalition to dismantle this network

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of death. America has pulled together an international coalition

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of around 40 countries. Five Arab states have joined. Not satisfied

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with 40 nations, the president says that he wants the whole world to

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unite in the fight against Islamic State. He also wants to deal with

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the corruption of young minds by violent ideology. There were fresh

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air strikes overnight and this unverified footage posted online

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Islamic State purports to show fighting on Monday for control of

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our time. -- a town. American jets committed air strikes against our

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town in the morning. Thank God that only minor injuries and that life as

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normal. France has confirmed that a French

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tourist who was taken hostage in Algeria on Sunday has been killed.

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Earlier an Algerian jihadist group with links to Islamic State released

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a short video it said showed Herve Gourdal being beheaded. The group is

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demanding an end to French Max Boot is a leading American

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military historian and senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

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He joins me from New York. Do you think that President Obama,

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and Nobel Peace Prize winner, is turning into hock? -- a hawk? I

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think it will take more effective ground action to destroy this group

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which controls an area larger than the United Kingdom. As the White

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House considers that, do you feel that the heat is now of President

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Assad? My concern is that we may be going to IDE factual Alliance --de

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facto alliance. This alliance with President Assad and his resume would

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be unfortunate because they have been even more brutal Islamic State

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than Islamic State. They will not join any coalition in which Iran and

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proxies of Iran and proxies overran figure prominently. It does look

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like a rapprochement of sort. Iran is making the situation worse in

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Syria and not better. Their hardline militias have driven people into the

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arms of Islamic State. I think you can get a much more stable Iraq by

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trying to mobilise moderate factions amongst several of the ethnic

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groups. There are more responsible voices Npower in Baghdad, if this is

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the case, and more active roles are taken by other factions, there is

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the possibility of effectively sidelining Iran. During the US-led

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surge into Iraq in 2007 2008, this card. --this occurred four. The

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Iranians with their murderous tactics as just a big problem as

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Islamic State. We should not align ourselves with one group of and Thai

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Western extremists with another group of anti-western instruments.

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--anti-Western extremists. Abu Qatada was deported from the UK

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in 2013. He was freed

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from prison earlier today. June Kelly's report contains

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some flash photography. Abu Qatada return to his own country

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last year as a terrorist suspect. Today he became a free man. One of

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his first gestures was to kiss the feet of his father in a traditional

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show of respect. He thanked first guard and then his lawyer for his

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freedom. Earlier he was brought into the cage of the dark in the security

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court to learn his faith. -- fate. As the knot guilty verdict was

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delivered, the formality of the court was forgotten. -- not guilty.

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His many sisters and brothers have followed his case from the start.

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For his lawyer, there was a kiss. He has been cleared of conspiring in a

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plot which was thwarted to attack Western and Israeli interests in

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Jordan to 15 years ago. This has been an international legal

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marathon. Abu Qatada took his case through every British court and then

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on to Europe as he fought against being sent ask here to face these

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charges. As part of the deal with the UK, the Jordanians promised that

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test me obtained through torturing of the suspects would not be used

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against him. The judge said the other remaining evidence was too

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weak to convicted. There is no chance of him returning to Britain.

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The UK courts here with clear that he was a threat. He is subject to a

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deportation order and is subject to a UN travel ban and that means he

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will not be returning to the UK. This afternoon, he made his way back

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to the family home which he left when he moved to London and

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established himself as an extremist preacher of international influence.

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Since he was deported to the Middle East, he has condemned Islamic

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state. But as he returns to family life he remains a supporter of

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Al-Qaeda and Abu Qatada is now free to speak openly once again.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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NATO says there's been a significant withdrawal of Russian

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conventional troops from inside eastern Ukraine, although

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Moscow has never acknowledged the presence of Russian troops

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The European police agency, Europol, says more than1,000 people have

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been arrested in what it said was the biggest ever

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operation against organised crime across the continent.

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200 people, 30 of them children, were saved from traffickers and

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France's Defence minister has admitted that an operation to fly

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suspected Islamic militants from Turkey to France was a "muddle"

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and a "mess" after they walked free from Marseilles airport.

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French police had been waiting for them at an airport in Paris.

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In the end they handed themselves in to the authorities.

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Air France has had to cancel more than half its scheduled flights

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today - far more at some airports - following a ten day strike

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by its pilots plans to expand its low cost airline Transavia.

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Transavia carried 6.5 million passengers last year,

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and Air France would like to double that number by 2017.

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So what's the objection and how much damage is the strike

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In our Paris studio is the Aviation consultant and CEO of the auditing

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How bad is this for Air France? It is a terrible impact. The strike is

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costing about 20 million euros in operational cost. Also in terms of

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credibility, image, for maybe weeks, months and even years. It has a

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terrible impact on duty-free shops, retail shops, taxis and the French

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tourism industry. Tens of thousands of people have been stranded at

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world airports for the past ten days. Tens of thousands of tourists

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who were about to come to France for the holidays, thousands of investors

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and businessmen prevented on coming to France to do their business. It

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has a bad impact on the finances of Air France and the image and

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credibility of France as a business and touristic destination. How is

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the airline trying to change its business model in expanding this low

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cost airline? Their plan is to expand Transavia France which is a

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fully owned subsidy based in France and they are trying to set up a

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company called Transavia Europe outside of France. A low-cost

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subsidiary which will be in line in terms of the business model of

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Ryanair and easyJet. That is their plan for the next few years to try

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to compete against the low-cost airlines on European routes. That is

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the main issue for the pilots, who fear that their jobs will be

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relocated in other countries, and less in favour with the pilots

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because of lower wages. That is at the heart of the problem at the

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moment in the conflict between Air France and its pilots. Air France is

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also trying to get round France's strict labour laws? They are trying

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to get round the French labour laws indeed. Trying to find a business

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model that will allow them to compete more affect Eveleigh against

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Ryanair and easyJet and other low-cost airlines. -- compete

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effectively. That is indeed the plan, they are trying to find ways

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to pay their pilots lower wages and find ways to pay lower social

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charges and find ways to have more flexible labour law to improve the

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flexibility of the pilots's schedules. I am afraid we are going

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to happen to leave it there. But thank you very much.

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India has become the first country to succeed

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in putting a spacecraft into orbit around Mars on the first attempt.

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It is also one of the cheapest missions to Mars ever carried out.

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Sanjoy Mujumder sent this report from Bangalore.

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Celebrating a historic triumph at mission control. Reaching the red

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planet on the very first attempt and joining an elite club of space

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explorers. A proud moment for the scientists and India's Prime

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Minister who had flown in a specially for the moment. History

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has been created today. We have dared to reach out into the unknown

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and have achieved the near impossible. There were a few tense

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moments as the spacecraft was put through a series of critical moments

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before being placed in orbit. But it all went to plan. There is a sense

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of pride for not only succeeding in sending a mission to Mars on the

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very first attempt, they have done it at a fraction of the cost of

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compatible missions. India's home-grown mission is almost a 10th

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of the cost from NASA, even cheaper than the Hollywood Lock buster,

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gravity. It will explore the red planet's atmosphere and send its

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findings back to Earth. But today was all about national pride.

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From the first skyscrapers in New York to the modern towers of

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Venezuela and the construction around

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China's Three Gorges Dam, a new exhibition is opening on Thursday

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that brings together powerful photographs of modern architecture.

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I've been talking to some of the international photographers

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featured in "Constructing Worlds" at London's Barbican Centre

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This is the opening image of the exhibition, taken in 1932. It is

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night view in New York. It was taken from the top of the Empire State

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building, looking down at twilight on the December solstice. It begins

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a global journey. Some of the images are grandiose, others are very down

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to earth. The intention early on was to provide a global journey through

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the 20th and 21st century, looking at how history is expressed through

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architecture and the built form. We wanted to traverse the globe,

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starting with New York and the first modern metropolis. Quickly sites of

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interest is have changed over the last two decades. I am interested in

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looking at the world with attention. To photograph something that is

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obvious that doesn't require attention. I think attention is

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better described by photographing the everyday. What seems fascinating

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to me, is to go through life and the most ordinary moments with

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attention. Here is work by a British-based photographer in 2007.

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He travelled from the mouth of a river in Shanghai through to Tibet.

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In one of his journeys he came across this brutalist sculpture

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which is a controversial monument to the three Gorges Dam. I was in

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Berlin and I had the opportunity to go and visit the Jewish Museum. It

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is a very important Goulding and was still in construction, which is

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something I love to photograph because the building is like a

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skeleton. It is just concept, you don't need Windows or a fire escape.

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It is just the main idea of the architecture. After those images

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celebrating lights, comes a room in which darker forms loomed towards

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us. The work of a Japanese photographer. His 1997 image of the

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twin towers, the World Trade Center serves as a memorial to what is

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gone. That is all, thanks for being here

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today. Most of us have enjoyed some

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sunshine today. Tomorrow will be different. We will have cloud around

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and it will be thick enough to bring out rakes of rain. Weather fronts

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continue to blow in. On Thursday, it will be a damp and mild

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