25/09/2014 World News Today


25/09/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:07.

The fight against Islamic State militants intensifies.

:00:08.:00:09.

British politicians prepare to vote on joining air strikes over Iraq.

:00:10.:00:14.

The latest US-led air strikes have hit 12 oil refineries that

:00:15.:00:18.

are believed to generate about $2 million a day for the IS network.

:00:19.:00:23.

Meanwhile, Iraq says it's uncovered an Islamic

:00:24.:00:26.

State plot to attack the subway systems in Paris and the United

:00:27.:00:29.

Also coming up, the worst of the war is over in

:00:30.:00:35.

Ukraine according to its President Petro Poroshenko, who reveals

:00:36.:00:38.

The American actor takes on many different faces as he recreates some

:00:39.:00:47.

Hit them where it hurts, at the oil wells giving them cash.

:00:48.:01:10.

Action against Islamic State fighters is gathering pace.

:01:11.:01:14.

On the eve of the British Parliament being recalled to debate air strikes

:01:15.:01:18.

on Iraq, France is openly considering extending

:01:19.:01:20.

We'll look at the political situation in just a moment.

:01:21.:01:26.

But first, let's get you right up-to-date on the last 24 hours

:01:27.:01:28.

This is amateur video claiming to show the aftermath of US air

:01:29.:01:34.

The Americans, along with jets from Saudi Arabia and the

:01:35.:01:39.

United Arab Emirates, launched the strikes on 12 small-scale oil

:01:40.:01:44.

These oil refineries produce roughly 300 to 500 barrels a day

:01:45.:01:52.

and were targeted in order to damage the group's financial assets.

:01:53.:01:56.

The US Department of Defence estimates the refineries have been

:01:57.:02:00.

While in the northern Syria town of Kobane, Kurdish forces have

:02:01.:02:06.

pushed back an advance by IS forces and are calling for

:02:07.:02:11.

Also on Thursday, France carried out its first strikes

:02:12.:02:17.

Now, as David Cameron prepares to ask the

:02:18.:02:25.

UK Parliament to approve Britain's active military involvement,

:02:26.:02:30.

our diplomatic correspondent James Robbins assesses what that

:02:31.:02:32.

It's now seven weeks since the United States launched

:02:33.:02:36.

its air strikes against IS extremists in Iraq, and almost

:02:37.:02:39.

Britain has been more cautious after the deep divisions created the last

:02:40.:02:45.

Now the tide of opinion apparently favours ordering these RAF Tornadoes

:02:46.:02:53.

They flew from Norfolk to Cyprus back in August.

:02:54.:02:57.

It only takes a political decision to switch them from

:02:58.:03:00.

So what will Britain's part in strikes against IS

:03:01.:03:07.

They will be carried out by those Tornadoes.

:03:08.:03:12.

Six are based in Cyprus, armed with a variety of weapons to

:03:13.:03:15.

These include Brimstone missiles used in Afghanistan and Paveway

:03:16.:03:21.

Supporting them will be an RAF rivet joint, a successor to

:03:22.:03:27.

Nimrod, providing electronic surveillance of the area.

:03:28.:03:30.

Britain also has a small arsenal of Tomahawk cruise missiles.

:03:31.:03:34.

A submarine with these on-board is believed to be in the Gulf already.

:03:35.:03:37.

It adds up to a British military contribution which is a modest

:03:38.:03:40.

by American standards, one they're certainly not relying

:03:41.:03:43.

Obviously it's up to the British Government to decide

:03:44.:03:49.

and characterise how they will support the coalition but they have

:03:50.:03:52.

been already a huge supporter and we look forward to working with

:03:53.:03:55.

Any capacity, any military capability that the British bring to

:03:56.:04:02.

the fore, bring to the fight, is always welcome and always tangible.

:04:03.:04:07.

For now, though, Pentagon maps show the main focus of Washington strikes

:04:08.:04:10.

is in Syria, where neither Britain nor France is willing to attack.

:04:11.:04:15.

So having Britain target extremists in Iraq could help Washington.

:04:16.:04:19.

But a veteran British general warns destroying IS as a whole

:04:20.:04:23.

And that, of course, brings us to the contentious subject

:04:24.:04:29.

of ground forces - what sort of ground forces, whose ground forces?

:04:30.:04:35.

And I accept there is great reluctance in this country

:04:36.:04:38.

and arguably in the United States to go back to where we were.

:04:39.:04:44.

Iran's President Rouhani used the UN stage today to condemn what he

:04:45.:04:52.

IS extremism has brought Iran and the United States closer,

:04:53.:04:59.

sharing an enemy, but still the pressure from Iran is for a regional

:05:00.:05:03.

Let's bring you more now of those remarks James mentioned by Iran's

:05:04.:05:13.

President Hassan Rouhani at the UN General Assembly, where he said

:05:14.:05:16.

that it was blunders by Western governments that had led to the rise

:05:17.:05:20.

Certain intelligence agencies have put blades in the hands

:05:21.:05:27.

All those who have played a role in founding and supporting these terror

:05:28.:05:38.

groups must acknowledge their errors, which have led to extremism.

:05:39.:05:48.

They need to apologise not only to the past generations,

:05:49.:05:53.

As British Parliamentarians prepare for that vote on military action

:05:54.:06:01.

on Friday, with me is Sir Christopher Meyer, former British

:06:02.:06:03.

Welcome. Good to see you. Do you think it will be a yes row at

:06:04.:06:17.

Westminster? I do think it will be a yes Grove. All the pundits are

:06:18.:06:22.

saying so. Apparently all three party leaders are agreed. There will

:06:23.:06:27.

be some objections, I guess, from the Tory, Labour and Lib Dem

:06:28.:06:33.

ventures. You will get the votes through and British planes will be

:06:34.:06:38.

bombing over Iraq. Iraq. What about Syria? To me, it does not make any

:06:39.:06:45.

sense to bomb ISIS in Iraq and not bomb them in Syria, because

:06:46.:06:48.

effectively what you're saying to them is, you have a safe haven in

:06:49.:06:52.

Syria but we will hit you all over Iraq. That is not actually a

:06:53.:06:56.

sustainable position and would not be surprised if in due course, David

:06:57.:07:03.

Cameron came back to the House of Commons to revisit this question,

:07:04.:07:08.

because, as the Americans have or be worked out with some of the Sunni

:07:09.:07:12.

states, if you are going to cut the head of the snake, you have to go to

:07:13.:07:16.

Syria rather than Iraq. So what would the solution be? Is it that

:07:17.:07:26.

being in Syria be part of an invitation from the Iraqi

:07:27.:07:30.

government? That is what they are saying. This is being planned in

:07:31.:07:35.

Syria and executed in Iraq, so, please, go after them in Syria as

:07:36.:07:40.

well. I'm not a lawyer and it is all a bit murky but I do believe if you

:07:41.:07:44.

construct a good case in international law for doing what we

:07:45.:07:49.

are doing and going to in Iraq, we can do it also in Syria. Syria was

:07:50.:07:55.

the big vote in Westminster last year and it was decided not to take

:07:56.:08:00.

action, so if we are moving towards Westminster moving towards the

:08:01.:08:03.

previously unthinkable, should we also be thinking about Iran and

:08:04.:08:07.

involving Iran? President Rouhani seemed to be rebuking the West

:08:08.:08:13.

there. He would be, wouldn't he? But he seemed to be making a few points

:08:14.:08:17.

that one of them being if there was a solution, it would need to be a

:08:18.:08:23.

regional one rather than one imposed by the West. He touches on a very

:08:24.:08:27.

important point. We can only justify what we intend to do in Iraq and

:08:28.:08:32.

Syria if we are in coalition with Sunni Arab states and it has to be

:08:33.:08:37.

said, in a de facto operational kind of way with Iran as well, but this

:08:38.:08:43.

cannot be done without the involvement of Iran. And the notion

:08:44.:08:46.

that we can go ahead and deal with ISIS and safely arrange it to stay

:08:47.:08:51.

in a box over there is ridiculous. They are already in Iraq working

:08:52.:08:57.

with people there. I was speaking to a commentator yesterday who was

:08:58.:09:01.

saying, this is an unholy alliance. We are in Syria dealing with

:09:02.:09:06.

President Assad's enemies and then de facto dealing with Iran. The

:09:07.:09:14.

Americans won't stomach that. Well, they truly are the heart of

:09:15.:09:22.

darkness, to use President Obama's words the other day. And the

:09:23.:09:26.

Iranians are in it. It is a fact of rife. We have to work this with some

:09:27.:09:32.

skill politically and tactically. What if there are prize is if the UK

:09:33.:09:37.

gets involved in active military strikes? There is always the danger

:09:38.:09:41.

of reprisals. That is a constant fear and worry and anxiety, and for

:09:42.:09:47.

families who have hostages in the region, this is a terrible moment,

:09:48.:09:51.

but ISIS has to be dealt with. Otherwise there will be more

:09:52.:09:54.

hostages, more beheadings, more sober she of a kind -- more savagery

:09:55.:10:02.

of a kind. It does require politicians to hold their nerve when

:10:03.:10:06.

you hear about plots and threats in the West, for example. It requires a

:10:07.:10:11.

lot of resilience, resolve and nerve. It will be a tough one and it

:10:12.:10:17.

will last for quite a while. Thank you for coming in. Thank you.

:10:18.:10:21.

Meanwhile, on the sidelines of the UN gathering in New York, Iraq's

:10:22.:10:24.

Prime Minister has made the dramatic claim that his security services in

:10:25.:10:27.

Baghdad have uncovered an imminent terrorist plot to attack the subway

:10:28.:10:30.

Let's get more from our correspondent at the

:10:31.:10:33.

It sounds very dramatic. What was he saying? He said, well, only this

:10:34.:10:46.

morning we were getting information from Iraq about an imminent plot

:10:47.:10:51.

that was targeting the subway in Paris on the transporter -- and the

:10:52.:10:56.

transportation systems of America. We have been trying to clear this up

:10:57.:11:01.

and speaking to an Iraqi official in the last hour or so, who's that the

:11:02.:11:05.

information came from several Islamic State fighters captured in

:11:06.:11:09.

Iraq. They were interrogated by intelligence officials there and

:11:10.:11:11.

they have given up this information which they say means there is a plot

:11:12.:11:18.

being hatched targeting the Paris subway and also transportation

:11:19.:11:24.

systems in America. And it involves recruits, Islamic State recruits,

:11:25.:11:30.

who come from America and France. The Americans are saying, well, we

:11:31.:11:35.

have no evidence of this. They had been threats against transportation

:11:36.:11:39.

systems in America in the past from various militant groups but we

:11:40.:11:44.

haven't got any credible recent information that suggests any new

:11:45.:11:47.

threat. And those are the indications we are getting from the

:11:48.:11:50.

French as well - that they haven't got any of the mage and they have

:11:51.:11:55.

heard. Anything that would point towards an imminent threat on their

:11:56.:11:59.

underground system in Paris. -- any information. How is the news or

:12:00.:12:09.

allegation being received in the US? Well, the Governor in New York has

:12:10.:12:13.

put out a statement in the past few minutes and there is no increased

:12:14.:12:20.

security in response to what the Prime Minister has said this

:12:21.:12:23.

morning. What he has said is that in the past few weeks, they have

:12:24.:12:29.

stepped up security on the new -- New York subway system and the buses

:12:30.:12:33.

because of concern about possible action in New York related to what

:12:34.:12:38.

has been going on in Iraq and Syria. But, again, no new information that

:12:39.:12:43.

points to an imminent threat. That was just a precaution that they have

:12:44.:12:47.

taken. And worth pointing out that the US threat level has not been

:12:48.:12:52.

changed at all. And the sources we have in the administration and

:12:53.:12:54.

intelligence community already knocking this down and suggesting we

:12:55.:13:00.

treat this with great caution. A final thought. We're hearing

:13:01.:13:05.

something from the FBI about the Islamic State fighter that has been

:13:06.:13:09.

called jihadi John. Any details on that? And interview has been done

:13:10.:13:19.

with ABC News here in America and it has indicated they have established

:13:20.:13:23.

the identity of this Islamic State fighter who has appeared in these

:13:24.:13:28.

beheading videos as executioner, believed to have a London accent and

:13:29.:13:34.

believed to be a Briton who they have been trying to identify. He

:13:35.:13:38.

hasn't released that information yet. And given no indication of when

:13:39.:13:46.

they will. It is clear is because David Cameron was asked this

:13:47.:13:49.

question. He was in New York only yesterday and he was asked about

:13:50.:13:53.

whether they were close to identifying this Islamic State

:13:54.:13:55.

fighter who goes by the name or has been called by the media jihadi

:13:56.:14:00.

John, and he said, we are very close, so an indication that the FBI

:14:01.:14:05.

do believe they have identified that individual. Obviously you will keep

:14:06.:14:08.

a watch on that. Thank you very much.

:14:09.:14:11.

A radical Islamist preacher and political activist has been

:14:12.:14:14.

arrested by counter-terrorism police in London.

:14:15.:14:15.

Anjem Choudary has been detained along with eight other men

:14:16.:14:18.

on suspicion of being members of or supporting a banned organisation,

:14:19.:14:20.

although police say the arrests are not in response to any immediate

:14:21.:14:23.

Our home affairs correspondent Daniel Sandford reports.

:14:24.:14:33.

It was a move against some of the most outspoken Islamist in Britain.

:14:34.:14:42.

In all, 19 properties were raided by counterterrorism command officers

:14:43.:14:45.

early this morning. Here in West London, the focus was on a vehicle.

:14:46.:14:51.

In the East End, officers were so watching -- searching a halal sweet

:14:52.:14:55.

shop owned by the brother of one of the arrested men. The only clue to

:14:56.:14:59.

their presence, this card saying the officers were from the

:15:00.:15:03.

counterterrorism search team. The police arrived at this restaurant in

:15:04.:15:10.

West London this morning and spent six hours searching the premises. It

:15:11.:15:14.

is where Anjem Choudary and a large group of men had dinner last night.

:15:15.:15:27.

Will And is and has been one of Britain's most controversial Muslims

:15:28.:15:31.

for more than a decade. -- Anjem Choudary. He was a member of a group

:15:32.:15:38.

which was banned in 2010. He admitted he knew one of the killers

:15:39.:15:44.

of Fusilier Lee Rigby and they were seen together on demonstrations.

:15:45.:15:49.

There was no suggestion that Anjem Choudary was linked to the merger.

:15:50.:15:53.

His views are on the fringe of the that Muslims in Britain have. They

:15:54.:15:59.

do not represent anybody other than the few hundred followers he has in

:16:00.:16:04.

the UK so I would not classify him mainstream Islam. Also arrested,

:16:05.:16:12.

this man. He famously heckled the then Home Secretary in 2006. All

:16:13.:16:19.

nine men detained today are being held on suspicion of encouraging

:16:20.:16:23.

terrorism and belonging to a banned organisation. The police were keen

:16:24.:16:30.

to stress the arrests were part of a long-running operation and no

:16:31.:16:31.

immediate risk to the public. Now a look at some

:16:32.:16:36.

of the days other news. A Mediterranean cruise ship has come

:16:37.:16:38.

to the aid of 300 migrants - thought to be Syrian refugees -

:16:39.:16:41.

packed on board a fishing boat Most of the people

:16:42.:16:44.

on the small fishing boat were Cypriot authorities said they were

:16:45.:16:48.

alerted after they picked up a radio distress signal as

:16:49.:16:52.

the boat was caught in rough seas. Rival Palestinian factions Hamas

:16:53.:16:55.

and Fatah say they've agreed to The two factions made

:16:56.:16:57.

the breakthrough in talks in Cairo - and the new government will take

:16:58.:17:05.

immediate control of the Gaza Strip. Hamas and Fatah split in 2007 and

:17:06.:17:08.

previous reconciliation agreements France is to introduce standardised

:17:09.:17:10.

cigarette packaging and ban electronic cigarettes

:17:11.:17:16.

in certain public places including It's the latest European country to

:17:17.:17:18.

do so, with the aim of reducing the high

:17:19.:17:25.

smoking rates among under sixteens. The president

:17:26.:17:32.

of Ukraine says he believes the most dangerous part of the war

:17:33.:17:33.

against pro-Russia separatists Petro Poroshenko was speaking

:17:34.:17:36.

in Kiev as part of a wide-ranging address in which

:17:37.:17:45.

he made it clear he wants Ukraine to Mr Poroshenko said

:17:46.:17:48.

his priorities include tackling corruption and reforming

:17:49.:17:52.

the economy and the tax system . Our correspondent David Stern is

:17:53.:17:58.

in Kiev. TRANSLATION: I have no doubt my

:17:59.:18:09.

peace plan will work. I have no doubt that the most dangerous part

:18:10.:18:14.

of the war is in the past, thanks to the heroism of Ukrainian fighters

:18:15.:18:20.

and soldiers. Moreover, this war is an additional argument in favour of

:18:21.:18:24.

changes without any delay because with the state which does not

:18:25.:18:32.

function, we can lose. Our correspondent is in Kiev. I

:18:33.:18:37.

understand the president has been making great play of today being

:18:38.:18:44.

momentous. Exactly, he was speaking at a news conference. It lasted for

:18:45.:18:50.

two and a half hours. He struck a very positive note about the

:18:51.:18:54.

developments, saying that the most dangerous part of the conflict is

:18:55.:18:59.

now over. Earlier he had said this was the first 24 hour period, with

:19:00.:19:06.

no casualties or fatalities and this puts him in a good mood. The

:19:07.:19:10.

cease-fire which was declared at the beginning of the month is still very

:19:11.:19:16.

shaky, the fighting continues although at a lower level. We have

:19:17.:19:22.

heard of more casualties today but this has not been confirmed.

:19:23.:19:29.

Premised apologetically said the fighting was decreasing. He was

:19:30.:19:33.

presenting his reform programme and said he needed peace in the country

:19:34.:19:37.

to open a new front against corruption to introduce reform which

:19:38.:19:40.

he says is crucial for the Ukraine at the moment. Is there evidence

:19:41.:19:45.

that Russian forces are pulling back from that eastern region? We have

:19:46.:19:51.

heard reports from NATO officials saying they are pulling back. The

:19:52.:19:55.

Ukrainians say there are less numbers but there are still

:19:56.:19:59.

significant numbers on the ground. When we heard the Russian forces

:20:00.:20:04.

were pulling back, they are just moving across the border so they

:20:05.:20:09.

could move in quickly if necessary. But the fact that his troop movement

:20:10.:20:16.

is adding to the positive note, by President Poroshenko and other

:20:17.:20:17.

Ukrainian officials. Thank you. The British Prime Minister David

:20:18.:20:25.

Cameron is to apologise to the Queen in person for his overheard comment

:20:26.:20:27.

that she "purred" down the phone when he told her that voters in

:20:28.:20:30.

Scotland had rejected independence. The Queen lays great emphasis

:20:31.:20:33.

on her political impartiality. Mr Cameron has now said he is

:20:34.:20:35.

"embarrassed" and "extremely sorry" for his remarks - as our political

:20:36.:20:38.

correspondent Alex Forsyth reports. The meeting with New York's former

:20:39.:20:45.

mayor was meant to be a photo opportunity but

:20:46.:20:49.

the camera caught the Prime Minister recounting a private conversation

:20:50.:20:51.

in which he told the Queen Scotland Protocol dictates conversations

:20:52.:20:54.

between the Queen and her ministers David Cameron may not have meant

:20:55.:21:11.

for his comments to have been made public but his indiscretion

:21:12.:21:19.

and choice The Queen has 60 years

:21:20.:21:21.

of experience and part of her role was to pass on her views

:21:22.:21:28.

to the Prime Minister but it is They probably had some choice words

:21:29.:21:32.

in private for the Prime Minister. Downing Street has already contacted

:21:33.:21:38.

Buckingham Palace to offer He is said to be very embarrassed

:21:39.:21:40.

and extremely sorry and it is thought he will apologise

:21:41.:21:44.

in person during -- next. At future public

:21:45.:21:48.

engagements, David Cameron may be more wary about what he says,

:21:49.:22:00.

especially when he is in front of A US man sentenced to five years

:22:01.:22:20.

hard labour in North Korea has spoken publicly about his ordeal.

:22:21.:22:28.

North Korean authorities claimed he tore up his Visa and demanded

:22:29.:22:32.

asylum. He spoke under close supervision. Prison life is eight

:22:33.:22:41.

hours per day, mostly it is agriculture, digging around. Other

:22:42.:22:46.

than that it is isolation, no contact with anyone. But I have been

:22:47.:22:49.

in good health, no sickness. The American actor John Malkovich

:22:50.:22:59.

has featured in a series recreating more 40 iconic photographs -

:23:00.:23:01.

each taken with incredible care and detail - but in an ironic twist, the

:23:02.:23:04.

project has now gone viral online - even though the photographer

:23:05.:23:08.

Sandro Miller, started it to fight back against what he sees as social

:23:09.:23:11.

media's degradation of the art form. Anna Bressanin spoke to Miller

:23:12.:23:16.

about what he was trying to do This is a Malkovich,

:23:17.:23:19.

this is not Warhol. The project Malkovich, Malkovich,

:23:20.:23:27.

Malkovich is about me playing My mind began to think what if I

:23:28.:23:35.

recreated those images with John is willing to experiment

:23:36.:23:43.

and has no fear. When he got in front of the camera,

:23:44.:23:52.

I would see him with the fullest of confidence transform him

:23:53.:23:56.

self into Marilyn Monroe, Bette Davies, the migrant mother,

:23:57.:23:58.

Salvador Dali, Picasso. We brought hair in

:23:59.:24:03.

from all over the country. We had a seamstress make

:24:04.:24:22.

the clothing. We took every shot,

:24:23.:24:23.

dissected it and figured out where the photographer was at that time,

:24:24.:24:26.

what light he was using. My goal was to sustain

:24:27.:24:28.

as true to what It would be a two-hour time

:24:29.:24:30.

for hair and make up to get ready I could see he would go to that time

:24:31.:24:37.

and place and become that person. The one that really amazes me is the

:24:38.:24:54.

Diane Arbus one - this twins shot. Just to see the difference

:24:55.:24:58.

in the mind of both of those twins. One accepting the photographer and

:24:59.:25:01.

enjoying the moment well the other John nailed both

:25:02.:25:03.

of those expressions In Today's world with the internet,

:25:04.:25:10.

we are bombarded with images. It is tough to see all this work,

:25:11.:25:23.

most with no thought behind it. I was hoping maybe I would be able

:25:24.:25:39.

to recreate a little bit of awareness again

:25:40.:25:42.

of classic movie imagery. Not just putting images out to put

:25:43.:25:49.

an image out, Think about what we're capturing

:25:50.:25:51.

here, let us have an idea. On Wednesday we brought you

:25:52.:26:03.

celebrations from India, as the country successfully put a

:26:04.:26:05.

spacecraft into orbit around Mars. is the first picture

:26:06.:26:12.

of Mars taken by the satellite. Part of its mission is to study

:26:13.:26:16.

the Martian atmosphere for signs Just to remind you, it's

:26:17.:26:20.

the first time a maiden voyage to Mars has entered orbit successfully

:26:21.:26:26.

and it is the cheapest too. Hi there, it's been a cloudy day for

:26:27.:27:03.

most parts of the British Isles but tomorrow this will change, early

:27:04.:27:08.

morning sunshine in Scotland and northern Ireland and these sunny

:27:09.:27:12.

skies will mood so forth. Overnight tonight it will be very windy with a

:27:13.:27:18.

band of rain pushing southwards across Scotland and

:27:19.:27:20.

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