05/11/2015 World News Today


05/11/2015

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Hello, I'm Christian Fraser with BBC World News.

:00:07.:00:08.

Our top story - the US and the UK both say the most likely cause of

:00:09.:00:12.

The British Prime Minister discussed cooperating

:00:13.:00:16.

on security with the Egyptian President, after deciding to suspend

:00:17.:00:19.

the end of 2017, as waves of people continue to flow into Greece.

:00:20.:00:36.

The Real Madrid striker Karim Benzema is questioned

:00:37.:00:38.

over possible complicity in an attempted blackmail case.

:00:39.:00:42.

And Nasa is due to reveal new information about Mars'S atmosphere

:00:43.:00:45.

And Nasa is due to reveal new information about Mars's atmosphere

:00:46.:00:48.

and the possibility of life on the red planet.

:00:49.:01:00.

Let's start with the talks in London between Prime Minister David Cameron

:01:01.:01:03.

and Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

:01:04.:01:06.

A meeting that followed Britain's decision on Wednesday to suspend

:01:07.:01:09.

flights to and from the Egyptian resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

:01:10.:01:15.

Mr Cameron said intelligence suggested it was

:01:16.:01:19.

"more likely than not" that a Russian plane,

:01:20.:01:27.

which crashed on Saturday after leaving the resort,

:01:28.:01:29.

The Prime Minister said he had been forced to put the security

:01:30.:01:37.

No doubt a decision that will have frustrated his guests.

:01:38.:01:46.

Reportedly, the decision taken while Mr el-Sisi was en route to Britain.

:01:47.:01:48.

In that terminal behind you, lots of people still queueing, frustrated by

:01:49.:02:02.

some of the security provisions put in place? Yes, absolutely, actually

:02:03.:02:09.

people do not know when they are going to go back home. Security

:02:10.:02:13.

measures have been extremely tight and here, inside the terminals and

:02:14.:02:20.

outside the airport. On our way here, we saw checkpoints manned by

:02:21.:02:26.

police and army forces, heavy military presence around the airport

:02:27.:02:30.

and insight we have seen long queues of passengers waiting to go back

:02:31.:02:34.

home, most of them Russians. Security measures and checks taking

:02:35.:02:39.

longer, so they have to wait quite some time. I have spoken to some

:02:40.:02:44.

British nationalists stranded here, and they told me they came to the

:02:45.:02:48.

airport but flights were cancelled sort they had to register names to

:02:49.:02:54.

be taken to a nearby hotel, where they will stay, but they do not know

:02:55.:03:00.

how long, and the biggest concern is when they will be able to go back

:03:01.:03:04.

home. They complained a lot about the lack of information.

:03:05.:03:08.

At the airport, we had practically no information.

:03:09.:03:10.

There was a few members of the Egyptian staff,

:03:11.:03:12.

We have been to Sharm eight times in the last seven years or so, a place

:03:13.:03:28.

very dear to our hearts, we know a lot of people here. I worry more

:03:29.:03:32.

about the people here and the impact this will have on the local economy

:03:33.:03:38.

and people we know. Actually, this crisis is a heavy

:03:39.:03:48.

blow to tourism in Sharm el-Sheikh, and it's heavily depends on British

:03:49.:03:52.

tourism. The fact that a lot of British people will be reluctant to

:03:53.:03:57.

go to Sharm el-Sheikh within the next couple of days, as I have heard

:03:58.:04:02.

from people here, will be a major blow to this tool is -- this tourist

:04:03.:04:09.

sector that is already struggling. Thank you.

:04:10.:04:14.

Still no word from Westminster whether some flights will be able to

:04:15.:04:21.

take off tomorrow. I spoke to Rob Watson and put it to

:04:22.:04:26.

him the Prime Minister had done more than other leader than pointing to

:04:27.:04:31.

terrorism. He was pretty unequivocal. It is interesting,

:04:32.:04:36.

David Cameron has said when at Downing Street he understood he

:04:37.:04:40.

would not be super popular with the Egyptian Tudors and industry, with

:04:41.:04:46.

visiting guests, the Egyptian president, with British tourists

:04:47.:04:52.

stuck in Egypt and holiday-makers looking forward to a few days in the

:04:53.:04:57.

sun. He said to do this because of security concern. He went quite far,

:04:58.:05:03.

it was based on intelligence, what his advisers had said. On balance,

:05:04.:05:08.

it seemed more likely than not it was a bomb. Britain going further

:05:09.:05:13.

than any other country. And I was saying to Sally that the concern for

:05:14.:05:19.

British authorities is with baggage handlers. And according to a press

:05:20.:05:23.

conference, ten months ago, they were sent to Egypt to look at that?

:05:24.:05:32.

Yes, fascinated, when the Egyptian president was asked if Britain had

:05:33.:05:39.

jumped the gun and had it acted too hastily, he revealed, and we were

:05:40.:05:45.

not expecting this, that Britain had expressed concerns about security at

:05:46.:05:49.

Sharm el-Sheikh ten months ago. Downing Street are not keen to spell

:05:50.:05:55.

it out. But fear to see the centre around the safety of flights, the

:05:56.:06:00.

security of baggage handlers and screening of passengers. Who gets

:06:01.:06:03.

near the planes, and who gets on them.

:06:04.:06:07.

London not spelling it out, nor indeed Washington.

:06:08.:06:11.

Security correspondent has looking at the intelligence that led Britain

:06:12.:06:14.

to make this decision. The smouldering wreckage

:06:15.:06:18.

of Metrojet Flight 9268. This was filmed just two hours

:06:19.:06:20.

after the Russian airliner fell from the sky into the

:06:21.:06:23.

Sinai Desert on Saturday. The tragedy has overshadowed

:06:24.:06:25.

the first official visit to Britain The red carpet was out for him

:06:26.:06:28.

at Number 10 today, To others,

:06:29.:06:34.

he's a beacon of stability. And, to the Prime Minister,

:06:35.:06:43.

he's an important ally. But why, says Egypt,

:06:44.:06:45.

did Britain have to go and announce its fears about what

:06:46.:06:49.

brought down the airliner before I act on the basis of advice

:06:50.:06:52.

that I get. Of course, I cannot be sure,

:06:53.:06:56.

experts cannot be sure, that it was a terrorist bomb that

:06:57.:07:00.

brought down the Russian plane. But if the intelligence is,

:07:01.:07:05.

and the judgment is, that that is more likely

:07:06.:07:11.

than not outcome, then I think its right to act

:07:12.:07:15.

in the way that I did. TRANSLATION: Ten months ago,

:07:16.:07:17.

we were asked by our British friends to allow teams into Sharm el-Sheikh

:07:18.:07:23.

Airport, to make sure the security procedures were sound.

:07:24.:07:26.

We responded immediately. They checked security

:07:27.:07:28.

and were happy with it. While investigators came through the

:07:29.:07:33.

crash site, Britain has sent a team So what measures have

:07:34.:07:35.

they been looking at? They've been auditing

:07:36.:07:43.

the security system, which means looking at baggage screening

:07:44.:07:45.

procedures and passenger handling. As well as background spot checks

:07:46.:07:49.

on staff. While over here,

:07:50.:07:55.

other leads are being followed up. For the past five days,

:07:56.:07:57.

Britain has been conducting its own independent investigation

:07:58.:08:00.

into the Russian aircraft, here at the Joint Terrorism

:08:01.:08:04.

Analysis Centre inside MI5. It's pulling together the expertise

:08:05.:08:08.

from people from the Department of Transport, with intelligence

:08:09.:08:11.

clues such as intercepted chatter. Now, whatever the new piece

:08:12.:08:17.

of intelligence was the government got yesterday,

:08:18.:08:19.

it didn't come from Egypt's The Egyptian investigation may yet

:08:20.:08:21.

come to a different conclusion. In Sierra Leone,

:08:22.:08:28.

celebrations have begun in the lead up to declaring the

:08:29.:08:39.

country free of Ebola on Saturday. But medical workers say up to 80%

:08:40.:08:42.

of people who survived the virus The BBC Correspondent

:08:43.:08:46.

Tulip Mazumdar is in Freetown. This time last year, 500 new

:08:47.:09:07.

infections were reported every week in Freetown, showing how far this

:09:08.:09:13.

country has come, but this is a bittersweet moment for the country.

:09:14.:09:18.

Practically everybody here lost on the new and key legacy of the

:09:19.:09:20.

outbreak be its survivors. It's the moment they've

:09:21.:09:24.

all been praying for. At midnight tomorrow,

:09:25.:09:27.

the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone But many challenges remain for

:09:28.:09:32.

the thousands of Ebola survivors, traces of the virus can linger

:09:33.:09:43.

in the body and cause problems. Many at this survivors' clinic are

:09:44.:09:47.

reporting joint pains, It leaves a scar in our heart

:09:48.:09:49.

because we cannot feel fine. When you see all of us

:09:50.:10:00.

as a peer group, enjoying themselves, social activities,

:10:01.:10:02.

we are still having that in the back We were given exclusive access to

:10:03.:10:06.

the Chinese run labs analysing Scientists are trying to establish

:10:07.:10:15.

which bodily fluids could still carry fragments of the virus

:10:16.:10:24.

and whether they could We are learning more and more

:10:25.:10:26.

about what this disease can do, how it can linger sometimes,

:10:27.:10:31.

how it can even reactivate This is what we would call a low

:10:32.:10:33.

probability, high consequence risk. But did a reactivation or relapse

:10:34.:10:45.

of Ebola cause this death? What we didn't know when we filmed

:10:46.:10:52.

here in January is that this person I don't know if you remember me,

:10:53.:10:55.

but I was here on a very difficult Yes.

:10:56.:11:05.

Do you remember? Today, the inconsolable grief

:11:06.:11:08.

is replaced by total confusion. TRANSLATION: I really want

:11:09.:11:18.

to know what killed my father. Was it Ebola or not?

:11:19.:11:21.

We need to know. The outbreak may almost be over,

:11:22.:11:23.

but for families like these, the uncertainty

:11:24.:11:26.

and anguish is never-ending. There are still so many unanswered

:11:27.:11:47.

questions about this I pray, which has been seen as a key priority for

:11:48.:11:53.

the international committee, non-governmental organisations, aid

:11:54.:11:58.

organisations, and the government of Sierra Leone, all encouraged to help

:11:59.:12:02.

survivors set up clinics to come and talk about their problems, too few

:12:03.:12:09.

are comfortable, but also so we can use this unprecedented outbreak with

:12:10.:12:12.

an unprecedented amount of survivors to learn more about this and help

:12:13.:12:20.

survivors. The wave of migrants reaching Europe

:12:21.:12:25.

illegally is likely to reach 3 million by the end of 2017. There is

:12:26.:12:34.

a population increase in the EU of 0.4% predicted by the European

:12:35.:12:39.

Commission. Richard Galton has this report from the Greek island of

:12:40.:12:49.

Lesbos. Protesters outside the main refugee

:12:50.:12:56.

camp in Lesbos after the Greek Prime Minister arrived with the president

:12:57.:12:59.

of the European Parliament. Aid workers demanding immediate action

:13:00.:13:03.

to stop so many refugees and migrants drowning in their attempt

:13:04.:13:08.

to reach Europe. Inside the camp, Alexis Tsipras and they head of the

:13:09.:13:12.

European Parliament assess conditions and the speed with which

:13:13.:13:17.

people are being registered. But both leaders believe the quickest

:13:18.:13:22.

most effective way of tackling this crisis now is to get Turkey to stem

:13:23.:13:26.

the flow of refugees and migrants from its jaws. -- -- shores. We need

:13:27.:13:37.

the Turkish authorities to keep refugees in Turkey and to give them

:13:38.:13:44.

treatment on the side of the country itself. What he did not see on his

:13:45.:13:49.

brief visit was this. The official count is so thrilled that hundreds

:13:50.:13:52.

have to sleep rough on the ground outside. They are mostly Afghans.

:13:53.:14:01.

Last night, it was bitterly cold. And despite the onset of winter with

:14:02.:14:04.

temperatures dropping rapidly there is no sign the numbers of refugees

:14:05.:14:11.

and migrants making the dangerous journey from 30 years to Lesbos are

:14:12.:14:16.

decreasing, in fact they are at peak levels. A few miles away, we met

:14:17.:14:21.

this man, a fisher man all his life. He told us how his life has changed.

:14:22.:14:30.

TRANSLATION: Day and night, we are rescuing refugees from the sea. We

:14:31.:14:37.

set out from Lesbos in his boat. The Turkish mainland is in plain sight

:14:38.:14:42.

just a few miles away. Sure enough, within minutes, we came across a

:14:43.:14:47.

refugee boat in travel, drifting, the engine broken down. Once again,

:14:48.:14:53.

he comes to the rescue. And there is no end in sight to this mass

:14:54.:14:58.

movement of people. The United Nations estimates another 600,000

:14:59.:15:01.

will arrive in Europe over the winter.

:15:02.:15:10.

Returning to the main story that the Russian airliner in Egypt was most

:15:11.:15:19.

likely a bomb. France has advised against travelling to Sharm

:15:20.:15:22.

el-Sheikh, where the accident happened. Irish, Dutch and German

:15:23.:15:27.

airlines have also cancelled flights.

:15:28.:15:28.

With me is independent aviation and defence analyst Howard Wheeldon.

:15:29.:15:31.

We are still in the dark as to what the US and UK governments are

:15:32.:15:38.

looking at, clearly significant. Can you speculate? The UK and the US

:15:39.:15:44.

have a large system of intelligence gathering. We have a number of

:15:45.:15:52.

allies across the Gulf area, Saudi Arabia being a major one. A lot of

:15:53.:15:57.

collecting points of information. I would imagine they are working from

:15:58.:16:03.

a combination of different people, their own agencies, and the

:16:04.:16:08.

governments of the allied countries, who have picked up

:16:09.:16:13.

information which cannot be ignored. Presumably allied countries are

:16:14.:16:19.

France, Germany involved in the Airbus company? Indeed, but Saudi

:16:20.:16:28.

Arabia, Kuwait, by Oman, and that is why we have a close and tangible

:16:29.:16:32.

relationship with them, it is not one-way trade, but also binding, as

:16:33.:16:38.

in previous situations, such as the Gulf War in 1991, real collaboration

:16:39.:16:43.

and working together of those countries who support the West.

:16:44.:16:47.

Obviously speculation on the Internet, rife at the moment,

:16:48.:16:51.

particularly on the professional pilots website, let's have a look at

:16:52.:16:58.

some pictures that they have been looking at there. We hope to put

:16:59.:17:05.

them up. Victor is showing the metal of the aircraft fuelling outwards,

:17:06.:17:10.

and puncture marks in the metal. -- pictures showing. Yes,... You can

:17:11.:17:23.

see that from those red arrows. These are not detailed or

:17:24.:17:27.

professional photographs. When we get into more closer detail. And

:17:28.:17:37.

that is the puncture wound. The was suggest, from experience, those used

:17:38.:17:43.

to looking at these situations, not the first time we have had a bomb

:17:44.:17:48.

exploded in an aircraft, a lot of information out there, it suggests

:17:49.:17:52.

there was an explosion in turn lead of some kind. Whether it was a bomb

:17:53.:17:59.

or other forms of weapon, maybe a nail bomb, or larger one, sufficient

:18:00.:18:05.

to do damage like that? Whilst no explosive may have been fined, or of

:18:06.:18:11.

explosive nature, they could be looking at nail bombs, so I am

:18:12.:18:18.

speculating on that. It is definitely something from the inside

:18:19.:18:23.

and exploded outwards. A collection of evidence pointing to that? Yes,

:18:24.:18:30.

it will take time, and the Russians and Egyptians are as keen as they

:18:31.:18:35.

are, no suggestion they are keeping things from us. And talking to the

:18:36.:18:42.

Egyptian president, to David Cameron, saying they are going to

:18:43.:18:47.

far, I understand that, in a sense we would perhaps do the same if it

:18:48.:18:53.

was reversed situation, but I think the government was right to do what

:18:54.:18:56.

they done. Howard, thank you. I head of the Egyptian President's

:18:57.:19:14.

visit, the family of an Irish teenager has called on the prime

:19:15.:19:15.

Minister to help them be released. Ibrahim Halawa was arrested during a

:19:16.:19:19.

siege of a mosque in Cairo in 2013. If convicted,

:19:20.:19:22.

he could face the death penalty. Relatives say he has been tortured

:19:23.:19:26.

whilst in custody. CHANTING: Free, free Ibrahim!

:19:27.:19:29.

Free, free Ibrahim! Frustrated with officialdom,

:19:30.:19:32.

Ibrahim Halawa's family has tried, through internet videos,

:19:33.:19:34.

to raise the profile of their Although he was raised in a deeply

:19:35.:19:36.

religious family, his father is many who know Ibrahim describe him

:19:37.:19:42.

as a typical Irish teenager. Yet he was arrested in Cairo

:19:43.:19:49.

during one of the biggest There's no words that can describe

:19:50.:19:52.

what we went through, Ibrahim and his sisters were

:19:53.:19:58.

visiting family in Egypt when the democratically-elected

:19:59.:20:04.

president was overthrown. They decided to join protests

:20:05.:20:07.

against the military coup. During the violence that followed,

:20:08.:20:11.

they took refuge in a mosque, Armies just kept coming towards us

:20:12.:20:14.

and actually wanted to attack us, so the only place, safest place we

:20:15.:20:25.

felt at this time would have been the mosque, because no way would

:20:26.:20:28.

it have crossed our minds that The internet campaign to free him

:20:29.:20:31.

began after his sisters were Ibrahim's friends

:20:32.:20:36.

and teachers remain baffled He is accused of murder, accused

:20:37.:20:38.

of explosives, accused of I think a list the length of your arm, along

:20:39.:20:48.

with the 490 other people, so to me, there is nothing in his character

:20:49.:20:52.

that would match any of that. Ibrahim has been kept

:20:53.:20:57.

in what have been described He could face the death penalty

:20:58.:20:59.

if convicted. They are not conditions

:21:00.:21:09.

fit for a 17-year-old, or 19-year-old Irish teenager,

:21:10.:21:11.

never mind any human being. He shares a cell with

:21:12.:21:13.

a number of other prisoners. He described how

:21:14.:21:18.

he would be regularly beaten. He described how, in the mornings,

:21:19.:21:20.

he was awoke by the sound Egypt's ambassador to Ireland

:21:21.:21:23.

didn't want to do an interview and dismissed claims of beatings and

:21:24.:21:29.

torture in the prison as propaganda. The mass trial,

:21:30.:21:34.

which began in March, The Halawa family has now called

:21:35.:21:36.

on Britain's Prime Minister, David Cameron, to intervene

:21:37.:21:42.

on their brother's behalf. Some of the other News for you. The

:21:43.:22:01.

French President has announced he will deploy an act aircraft carrier

:22:02.:22:06.

in the Persian Gulf to assist the fight against the Islamic Street

:22:07.:22:10.

group in Iraq and Syria. -- Islamic State. The US Defence Secretary has

:22:11.:22:19.

visited an aircraft carrier in the South China Sea was back to contest

:22:20.:22:25.

in what is seen as a signal to China of America's stabilising presence in

:22:26.:22:33.

the region. In Rome, mafia bosses, politicians and businessmen have

:22:34.:22:37.

appeared in court at the start of the biggest anti-corruption trial

:22:38.:22:42.

for decades, accused of rigging contracts for public services over

:22:43.:22:47.

many years, causing the Italian capital's finances to come close to

:22:48.:22:48.

the point of collapse. The Real Madrid striker,

:22:49.:22:51.

Karim Benzema, has been placed under formal investigation for

:22:52.:22:53.

complicity in attempted blackmail involving his French international

:22:54.:22:56.

teammate, Mathieu Valbuena. He has not been charged

:22:57.:23:00.

by the French authorities, but is being questioned over a conversation

:23:01.:23:03.

he's said to have had with Valbuena last month, in which he mentioned

:23:04.:23:06.

a sex tape that got into Benzema's lawyer, Sylvain Cormier,

:23:07.:23:09.

says the football star - who has been named three times the French

:23:10.:23:19.

Player of the Year - is innocent. TRANSLATION: Karim Benzema has not

:23:20.:23:25.

admitted anything. It's outrageous to read

:23:26.:23:27.

such things in the news. He proclaims his innocence,

:23:28.:23:29.

he stands entirely by his friend Mathieu Valbuena, who has

:23:30.:23:33.

also dealt with the same attempts. He did not take any part, I repeat,

:23:34.:23:36.

any part, in the blackmail, Some stunning images to show you

:23:37.:23:59.

from Nasa.. This is of the Sun taken by the space-based telescope. It

:24:00.:24:03.

took a high resolution image of the sun every 12 seconds. Each

:24:04.:24:10.

wavelength highlights a different temperature. It has given a

:24:11.:24:13.

different colour. Quite extraordinary, the giver of

:24:14.:24:58.

life, the sun, there. And Nasa have also released -- have also released

:24:59.:25:05.

images from Mars. They have discovered the atmosphere was

:25:06.:25:10.

stripped by solar winds. We will look at a lot of different processes

:25:11.:25:15.

that can take place in removing the atmosphere, focusing largely on the

:25:16.:25:21.

ability of the solar wind to strip gases away. If we can roll the

:25:22.:25:26.

second video, we are looking at the solar wind as it impinges on the

:25:27.:25:31.

planet, it is streaming out from the sun at about 1 million miles an

:25:32.:25:38.

hour. It can grab ions from the planet, strip them of way, or knock

:25:39.:25:43.

them into the planet at high speed and knock other stuff off.

:25:44.:25:47.

I Galactica end to the programme. That is all for now. -- and that the

:25:48.:25:55.

lactic end to the programme. Stay with us, we will have the sure

:25:56.:26:02.

planes -- a very galactic into the programme. Stay with us, people

:26:03.:26:05.

happy headlines shortly.

:26:06.:26:08.

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