19/11/2015 World News Today


19/11/2015

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

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The man believed to be the ringleader of the Paris attacks

:00:07.:00:08.

WAS killed in that massive police assault on Wednesday.

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Abdelhamid Abaaoud's body was identified by his fingerprints.

:00:11.:00:17.

France's interior minister says he was involved in four

:00:18.:00:19.

of the six attacks foiled by French intelligence services

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TRANSLATION: No information from any European country that he has went

:00:22.:00:37.

through to arrive in France had been sent to us.

:00:38.:00:39.

French MPs extend emergency powers in response to the terror threat.

:00:40.:00:42.

One of the measures will allow off duty police officers to carry

:00:43.:00:44.

Scientists predict an "antibiotic apocalypse" after

:00:45.:00:47.

finding bacteria resistant to even the strongest drugs.

:00:48.:01:11.

The French authorities say the extremist who is suspected

:01:12.:01:16.

of having organised last Friday's massacre in Paris is dead.

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Abdelhamid Abaaoud was killed in the massive police offensive

:01:20.:01:21.

on a flat in northern Paris before dawn on Wednesday.

:01:22.:01:23.

Officials say his body was found riddled with bullets and shrapnel.

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He was identified by his fingerprints.

:01:27.:01:28.

In France, in Belgium and beyond, security operations continue to hunt

:01:29.:01:30.

And across Europe, police and intelligence services are

:01:31.:01:36.

being given extra resources, while in Syria

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and Iraq the military assault on the so called Islamic State continues.

:01:40.:01:44.

Good evening from the city of Paris were the sound of sirens

:01:45.:02:00.

reverberates again around here. So much police activity over the course

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of the last week and around the country, 106 grades in all but it

:02:05.:02:10.

was the one yesterday that was the main focus because intelligence told

:02:11.:02:13.

police that it was an apartment in that suburb in which they might find

:02:14.:02:19.

the ringleader Friday's attacks, Abdelhamid Abaaoud. The prosecutor

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last night was not able to confirm he was there but today we have the

:02:23.:02:27.

news that he was. They found a body, they tested the fingerprints and

:02:28.:02:30.

although the body was riddled with bullets and shrapnel, he said they

:02:31.:02:34.

were confident that they could identify the body as Abdelhamid

:02:35.:02:39.

Abaaoud. He is a 28-year-old Belgian of Moroccan nationality. It will be

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some relief to the police that they have managed to find the ringleader

:02:44.:02:47.

after such a hard week but perhaps a concern to the French public that

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even after Friday's attacks here is a man that was swaggering and still

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walking around this suburb in full view of the public. Here is our

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European correspondent. Sifting for clues, all day police

:03:03.:03:04.

teams have been searching for clues. With the aid of DNA tests,

:03:05.:03:07.

they now know the man they were hunting was killed here. It is not

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clear if he died as the police stormed the flat or blew himself up.

:03:11.:03:13.

Speaking today, the French Prime Minister announced the news to the

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nation. TRANSLATION: We know today that

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Abdelhamid Abaaoud, the brains behind the attack, or one of the

:03:23.:03:29.

brains, because we have to be extremely cautious, was among those

:03:30.:03:32.

killed. The death of Abdelhamid Abaaoud has

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also been confirmed on social media sites linked to the Islamic State

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group. What made trouble French police is locals in Saint-Denis was

:03:48.:03:53.

are saying he was seen openly following the Paris attacks. It

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seems he felt safe and unconcerned. This is believed to be his cousin,

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thought to be the woman who blew herself up in the apartment.

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Upstairs was another man who says he exchanged hellos with her. She was

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dressed in jeans and trainers, nothing out of the ordinary.

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TRANSLATION: I could never have imagined she was a suicide bomber. I

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was stunned after it happened. It is scary. They could be anywhere. Seven

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men and one woman were arrested by police during the raid. There is

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much evidence for French anti-terrorist teams to sift

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through. Among it, new security camera footage of the attacks on the

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cafes. Diners scramble for cover as glass shatters all around. The

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attacker then walks up to the door and his gun jams as he tries to

:04:49.:05:00.

shoot a woman lying at his feet. The man moved on and she made her

:05:01.:05:04.

escape. Inside, a minute or so later, once the coast was clear,

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people emerged from under the tables and in the corners where they had

:05:08.:05:10.

hidden. And, of the three suicide bombers at the Stade de France, it

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seems one may have had second thoughts. A new witness has told us

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a man was inside the restaurant, in the toilets.

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TRANSLATION: I found myself face with someone who was sweating all

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over his face, profusely. He looked worried, anguished, like he was

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asking himself lots of questions. He was staring at himself in the

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mirror. Seconds later, the man walked out of the restaurant and

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blew himself up, outside but not among the diners. The man who may

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have orchestrated such terror is gone but the risks to France remain.

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The confirmation that Abdelhamid Abaaoud was inside that

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building means that one threat France -based has been eliminated.

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What it does not change is the fact the general threat level for this

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country and right across Europe has escalated dramatically, both in

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terms of the number of possible And we know from the French

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authorities that the list of known radicals and fanatics here in France

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is quite extensive. They call it the list that they the Interior Ministry

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and there are 10,000 names on it, all to a varying degree, some have

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direct links to Syria and others have looked at the deals that you

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can see from that list, the enormity of what the intelligence services

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face here in France and with that in mind, the politicians were asked to

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consider today extending the emergency powers for three months,

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not surprisingly, only six MPs voted against it and back gives the police

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sweeping powers. They are able to raid homes without judicial order,

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they are able to tap phones, look at data and it is that ability to look

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at data that they now have that led them, we believe, to camp one. The

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discovery of the ring leader will raise questions and they were

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talking about it today, how this man was able to travel to Syria from

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Belgium -- temp one. Our security correspondent has been looking at

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that issue and where the investigation might go from here --

:07:43.:08:09.

Abdelhamid Abaaoud. They had elements of the same plan.

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Abdelhamid Abaaoud himself claimed he narrowly escaped capture of

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terror this police raid in January which disrupted and major gun attack

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and killed two accomplices. This may well have marked our major missed

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opportunity to stop him planning and organising another even larger

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attack. Abdelhamid Abaaoud claimed he escaped Belgium in January and

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went back to Syria. He then appears to have got back into Europe again

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perhaps via Greece. The investigation. His ability to

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travel. Failure to track him was

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a costly one. three cars were used, all rented

:09:00.:09:02.

in Belgium, the base for the plot. At the Bataclan Theatre,

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a VW Polo was found. Eyewitnesses told the BBC they saw

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a group of suspicious men in its This Renault was used

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by the suicide bombers who attacked The last vehicle was abandoned,

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used by the three-man team that Two men who use a car are still

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on the run. French security services have been

:09:26.:09:39.

using CCTV in form Phone records led them to this

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apartment, one of at least two used as a safe

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house in the run-up to the attack. The raid

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in Saint-Denis yesterday claimed came after witnesses

:09:50.:09:53.

placed him there and not in Syria. The cell may have been planning

:09:54.:10:04.

a second wave of attacks. Today, the head of German security

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services told the BBC that all The threat situation

:10:08.:10:10.

is very serious. We have to assume something

:10:11.:10:14.

like Paris can happen any time, whether in Paris, Brussels,

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Berlin or London. Signs are that concerned in Italy

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today where there was an alert on the Metro and after the

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American FBI passed on warnings. Another sign of Europe,

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not just France, remains on edge. It is a rainy night here in Paris,

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quite miserable the weather, but you can still see people coming out to

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contemplate the flowers and the candles. They are laying their own

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messages here. Two women there. We have seen emotional scenes here

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throughout the day. I saw one couple in tears as they were reading the

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messages and I am sure as the week anniversary approaches, families

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will come here. We will see quite emotional things tomorrow and

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security will be stepped up and be very tight as well as people focus

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on word they were last week as they headed out at the end of the busy

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working week to the bars and the stadium. Still some questions for

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police. We understand there was a third body in that raid yesterday

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buried under the rubble. Who is that? Does it mean that there is a

:11:39.:11:44.

suspect still on the run or was that the body of a suspect? That will be

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pertinent to the Belgian authorities who say they still have a manhunt

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underway in Brussels. Let us speak to our correspondent who was in

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Brussels. More rates today and more arrests. Nine raids and nine

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arrests, seven of those arrests connected to an investigation into

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one of the Paris attackers but in fact connected to his travels to

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Syria earlier this year, two of the nine arrests connected directly to

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the attacks in Paris almost one week ago. No more detail from the Belgian

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prosecutor 's office but as you say, what is clear is that Salah Abdeslam

:12:29.:12:35.

is in Belgium and is in Brussels and that is where their hunt is

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continuing. Whether or not it is Molenbeek or not we do not know.

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There is not an overt security presence in Molenbeek at the moment

:12:51.:12:54.

but we do know they are searching for him and they believe he is in

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the country and there are rumours circulating on websites and social

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media about various different sightings as well. We'll have to

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wait and see what happens but they clearly believe he is in the

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country. Reporting in Molenbeek as I was earlier in the week and you have

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been there all art, it strikes me that there is this network there to

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support the likes of the brother of Salah Abdeslam and himself. There is

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a culture of secrecy that information is not shared within the

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Muslim community and that is a problem for the Belgian authorities.

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It is a big problem. There is a culture of secrecy, Molenbeek is

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pretty much in the heart of Brussels, in the north-west of the

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city, but parts of it feel very different and clearly younger people

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there, second generation immigrants in general feel that they are not

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part of the society in Brussels or the Belgian society that traditional

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forms of authority, parental, or security, or nothing to do with them

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and that does create a problem. You can walk around Molenbeek and you

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feel relatively safe, it does not feel like the suburbs around Paris,

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it is not as violent or difficult as that. Beyond the doors, the curtains

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that you come up against, you have to wonder what is going on, clearly

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the Belgian security services have tremendous difficulty penetrating

:14:24.:14:27.

that and Belgian ministers have acknowledged those difficulties.

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They have pretty much acknowledged that in some senses, in that

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commune, that neighbourhood, it is out of their control and begin at

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how the human intelligence to penetrate the plots that have sprung

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up time and time again from this one small commune in Northwest Brussels.

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Thank you Berry much. Jonny Diamond in Brussels. The manhunt for Salah

:14:49.:14:53.

Abdeslam is still very much in play in Belgium and the network that

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supported him, very much in focus as well. He was a brief look at some of

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the other news. The Russian Foreign Minister said the Paris attacks have

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helped western countries understand that the

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priority in Syria is to fight Islamic State.

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The Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov,

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has said the Paris attacks have helped Western countries understand

:15:19.:15:20.

that the priority in Syria is to fight Islamic State, and not to

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Mr Lavrov stressed that the Syrian conflict could not be resolved

:15:24.:15:27.

peacefully without the involvement of President Assad.

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Israeli police say five people have been killed and several wounded in

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In the first incident, in Tel Aviv, Israeli police say a Palestinian man

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stabbed to death two Israeli men in an office building, where a group of

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He was apprehended by Israeli security forces.

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Later, police say three people were killed and others wounded

:15:43.:15:44.

in the West Bank when a Palestinian opened fire on an Israeli minibus.

:15:45.:15:52.

Police in Britain have arrested a Libyan man in his 50s

:15:53.:15:55.

on suspicion of conspiracy to murder a female police officer,

:15:56.:15:57.

who was killed outside the Libyan embassy in London in 1984.

:15:58.:16:00.

Yvonne Fletcher died after being shot from

:16:01.:16:01.

inside the building - as she was policing a demonstration against

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The Metropolitan Police head of counter-terrorism said the arrest

:16:05.:16:07.

Global health experts are warning the world is on the cusp

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of a "post antibiotic era", after finding bacteria

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resistant to drugs used when all other treatments have failed.

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It's being blamed on an overuse of antibiotics in farm animals.

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The research is published in the Lancet.

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One of the report authors says "all the circumstances are in place

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for make the post-antibiotic world a reality."

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This map from the Wellcome Trust estimates the number

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of deaths that it's estimated will happen due to resistant bacteria

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It estimates that 4 million people will die in Africa because

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of antibacterial resistance-and almost 5 million in Asia.

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Far fewer on other continents, although as Fergus Walsh reports,

:16:47.:16:50.

this is far from being a problem just for the developing world.

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In the war against superbugs, it is the bacteria that are winning.

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This hospital in India where I filmed for Panorama is running out

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There is a long list of antibiotics that Mohammed's bug

:17:04.:17:13.

It is really concerning, in fact scary as the bug was showing

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For the first time we are seeing this kind of report.

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Mohammed's infection was resistant to a last-ditch antibiotic,

:17:35.:17:40.

In China doctors say they have found more bugs that are resistant to it.

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That resistance is spreading to other bacteria.

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The E.Coli bacteria will not be treated

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by the antibiotics you have been on before...

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This is not just a problem for the developing world.

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Keith has been on a succession of antibiotics in recent years

:18:01.:18:07.

His doctor at the Royal Free Hospital in London is convinced

:18:08.:18:16.

the new drug resistant strains will end up here and make matters worse.

:18:17.:18:19.

It takes about three years for it to transfer

:18:20.:18:21.

around the world and about five years before we see it routinely

:18:22.:18:24.

in our patients and we know that because that is what has happened

:18:25.:18:27.

This type of transmissible drug-resistant infection.

:18:28.:18:29.

To see this in this antibiotic is particularly

:18:30.:18:31.

terrifying because that will mean we will have

:18:32.:18:33.

That apocalyptic scenario is a way off yet but experts say it is

:18:34.:18:42.

Modern medicine is utterly dependent on effective antibiotics.

:18:43.:18:49.

Without them major surgery and much cancer treatment would

:18:50.:18:53.

This is an issue that matters to us all.

:18:54.:19:00.

Two thirds of all antibiotics are used in animals.

:19:01.:19:02.

The new resistant bugs were first found in pigs in China so curbs

:19:03.:19:08.

on antibiotic use in farming are essential

:19:09.:19:10.

Let's talk to one of Britain's leading experts on this subject -

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Professor Timothy Walsh from the University of Cardiff is

:19:26.:19:27.

He had stayed up late. Thank you very much. Do you think this really

:19:28.:19:38.

is a dramatic development, people are talking about it being

:19:39.:19:46.

apocalyptic news? Yes, I think most of the watchers and listeners would

:19:47.:19:49.

be desensitised because this kind of scenario has been in the press for a

:19:50.:19:54.

few years, but this is a bit of a game-changer, because we were always

:19:55.:20:01.

relying on that drug to treat serious infections and although some

:20:02.:20:06.

bacteria to become resistant to colistin, it is usually a burden to

:20:07.:20:11.

the organism and we never thought that the resistance would be able to

:20:12.:20:17.

be passed from one bug to another and so it took us really by surprise

:20:18.:20:21.

that this mechanism in fact could become mobile and in fact it seems

:20:22.:20:27.

to have spread very rapidly throughout different bacterial

:20:28.:20:31.

populations in China, amongst different sectors. Is the Chinese

:20:32.:20:35.

government responding to this, I know you have made contact with the

:20:36.:20:38.

Department of agriculture and health, what are they saying? One of

:20:39.:20:47.

the leading authors in our group is a man who from the beginning has

:20:48.:20:53.

made great efforts to contact the Chinese government to let them

:20:54.:20:58.

know, particularly the Ministry of agriculture to let them know our

:20:59.:21:03.

findings and our thoughts, we need to remove this drug colistin from

:21:04.:21:07.

animal feeds. The Chinese government take it extremely seriously, we have

:21:08.:21:11.

had meetings with the Ministry of health and the ministry about the

:21:12.:21:15.

and they will continue tomorrow and probably into early next week and I

:21:16.:21:21.

think we can expect some very good and clear resolution in the next

:21:22.:21:33.

couple of weeks. And this is not a problem that is confined to China?

:21:34.:21:35.

You have been looking at south Asia as a whole. That is right. The

:21:36.:21:39.

information that we have and we need to ratify it would suggest in fact

:21:40.:21:42.

that this particular type of resistance in the bugs like E. Coli,

:21:43.:21:53.

we found them in different countries and including North Vietnam. It

:21:54.:21:56.

looks like it is spreading outside China. China give a lot of their

:21:57.:22:03.

chickens and pork into Hong Kong and I would imagine that it is the same

:22:04.:22:11.

case there and like the doctors you interviewed in the clip suggests, it

:22:12.:22:15.

is going to be about three to five years before it becomes global. An

:22:16.:22:19.

hour ago I was talking to Jim O'Neill who is leading a UK review

:22:20.:22:23.

into antibiotic resistance and he said he thought one of the big

:22:24.:22:27.

problems was US agriculture and the fact that so many antibiotics are

:22:28.:22:30.

given to animals there as well but there is not a sense of alarm at

:22:31.:22:36.

all. No, I think different countries respond differently to this

:22:37.:22:42.

particular crisis and I think it would be very helpful if our

:22:43.:22:47.

transatlantic cousins would catch up to speed with the UK and take it as

:22:48.:22:53.

seriously as we have. David Cameron has made great strides to tell

:22:54.:23:00.

people about the importance of that and that is fantastic. The one thing

:23:01.:23:06.

we do need to do as an international community is to align our efforts

:23:07.:23:12.

and to tackle this with the same policies. At the moment different

:23:13.:23:16.

countries are doing different things. We appreciate your expertise

:23:17.:23:20.

and your time staying up so late for us in China. Thank you. Let us go

:23:21.:23:26.

back to our top story looking at the Paris attacks and another Imp at,

:23:27.:23:30.

because as people in Paris struggled to come to terms with what happened

:23:31.:23:34.

last Friday, many parents and teachers have found themselves

:23:35.:23:37.

having to explain the events to their children. Jenny

:23:38.:23:42.

I love Paris because of its energy and inspiration.

:23:43.:24:00.

But six days ago, all the things they love about Paris

:24:01.:24:07.

After the attacks on Friday many schools were closed, but now they

:24:08.:24:10.

are open again and I'm at one school in the city centre to hear how

:24:11.:24:14.

I was in my apartment when it happened, so I heard noises

:24:15.:24:18.

and I turned on the news right away to check what was happening.

:24:19.:24:21.

More than 100 people called all six of us because we were at home

:24:22.:24:25.

The first thing I noticed first of all was the streets of Paris

:24:26.:24:29.

The Metros were empty and there was military everywhere.

:24:30.:24:33.

I called my dad who was in Paris and he told me that if I was continuing

:24:34.:24:38.

to be scared to not go out, I would let them win and I was on the point.

:24:39.:24:45.

On Saturday, I stayed home but on Sunday I spent the day outside.

:24:46.:24:48.

What has life been like being back at school?

:24:49.:25:00.

The first thing I said was I'm glad you are safe, I'm happy to see you,

:25:01.:25:04.

and it was more heartfelt than I have ever said it.

:25:05.:25:08.

We all talked about it and asked each other how we were

:25:09.:25:11.

doing and where we were and if everyone was safe.

:25:12.:25:13.

I know some of my friends who have lost really important people

:25:14.:25:16.

in their lives, because of the situation that happened,

:25:17.:25:20.

so we just tell them that everything is going to be fine, it will be OK.

:25:21.:25:30.

I'll fall we go we want to show you a few pictures of the second largest

:25:31.:25:35.

diamond in the world It's the second largest gem quality

:25:36.:25:38.

diamond in the world, The 1,111-carat stone was found

:25:39.:25:43.

in the Karowe mine, about 500 kilometres north

:25:44.:25:47.

of the capital Gaborone. It is the biggest diamond to

:25:48.:25:49.

be discovered in the country. -- thank you for watching us.

:25:50.:25:55.

Goodbye. Hello there. A big change to the

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feel of the weather in the next 36

:26:12.:26:12.

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