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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.
The man believed to be the ringleader of the Paris attacks
WAS killed in that massive police assault on Wednesday.
Abdelhamid Abaaoud's body was identified by his fingerprints.
France's interior minister says he was involved in four
of the six attacks foiled by French intelligence services
TRANSLATION: No information from any European country that he has went
through to arrive in France had been sent to us.
French MPs extend emergency powers in response to the terror threat.
One of the measures will allow off duty police officers to carry
Scientists predict an "antibiotic apocalypse" after
finding bacteria resistant to even the strongest drugs.
The French authorities say the extremist who is suspected
of having organised last Friday's massacre in Paris is dead.
Abdelhamid Abaaoud was killed in the massive police offensive
on a flat in northern Paris before dawn on Wednesday.
Officials say his body was found riddled with bullets and shrapnel.
He was identified by his fingerprints.
In France, in Belgium and beyond, security operations continue to hunt
And across Europe, police and intelligence services are
being given extra resources, while in Syria
and Iraq the military assault on the so called Islamic State continues.
Good evening from the city of Paris were the sound of sirens
reverberates again around here. So much police activity over the course
of the last week and around the country, 106 grades in all but it
was the one yesterday that was the main focus because intelligence told
police that it was an apartment in that suburb in which they might find
the ringleader Friday's attacks, Abdelhamid Abaaoud. The prosecutor
last night was not able to confirm he was there but today we have the
news that he was. They found a body, they tested the fingerprints and
although the body was riddled with bullets and shrapnel, he said they
were confident that they could identify the body as Abdelhamid
Abaaoud. He is a 28-year-old Belgian of Moroccan nationality. It will be
some relief to the police that they have managed to find the ringleader
after such a hard week but perhaps a concern to the French public that
even after Friday's attacks here is a man that was swaggering and still
walking around this suburb in full view of the public. Here is our
European correspondent. Sifting for clues, all day police
teams have been searching for clues. With the aid of DNA tests,
they now know the man they were hunting was killed here. It is not
clear if he died as the police stormed the flat or blew himself up.
Speaking today, the French Prime Minister announced the news to the
nation. TRANSLATION: We know today that
Abdelhamid Abaaoud, the brains behind the attack, or one of the
brains, because we have to be extremely cautious, was among those
killed. The death of Abdelhamid Abaaoud has
also been confirmed on social media sites linked to the Islamic State
group. What made trouble French police is locals in Saint-Denis was
are saying he was seen openly following the Paris attacks. It
seems he felt safe and unconcerned. This is believed to be his cousin,
thought to be the woman who blew herself up in the apartment.
Upstairs was another man who says he exchanged hellos with her. She was
dressed in jeans and trainers, nothing out of the ordinary.
TRANSLATION: I could never have imagined she was a suicide bomber. I
was stunned after it happened. It is scary. They could be anywhere. Seven
men and one woman were arrested by police during the raid. There is
much evidence for French anti-terrorist teams to sift
through. Among it, new security camera footage of the attacks on the
cafes. Diners scramble for cover as glass shatters all around. The
attacker then walks up to the door and his gun jams as he tries to
shoot a woman lying at his feet. The man moved on and she made her
escape. Inside, a minute or so later, once the coast was clear,
people emerged from under the tables and in the corners where they had
hidden. And, of the three suicide bombers at the Stade de France, it
seems one may have had second thoughts. A new witness has told us
a man was inside the restaurant, in the toilets.
TRANSLATION: I found myself face with someone who was sweating all
over his face, profusely. He looked worried, anguished, like he was
asking himself lots of questions. He was staring at himself in the
mirror. Seconds later, the man walked out of the restaurant and
blew himself up, outside but not among the diners. The man who may
have orchestrated such terror is gone but the risks to France remain.
The confirmation that Abdelhamid Abaaoud was inside that
building means that one threat France -based has been eliminated.
What it does not change is the fact the general threat level for this
country and right across Europe has escalated dramatically, both in
terms of the number of possible And we know from the French
authorities that the list of known radicals and fanatics here in France
is quite extensive. They call it the list that they the Interior Ministry
and there are 10,000 names on it, all to a varying degree, some have
direct links to Syria and others have looked at the deals that you
can see from that list, the enormity of what the intelligence services
face here in France and with that in mind, the politicians were asked to
consider today extending the emergency powers for three months,
not surprisingly, only six MPs voted against it and back gives the police
sweeping powers. They are able to raid homes without judicial order,
they are able to tap phones, look at data and it is that ability to look
at data that they now have that led them, we believe, to camp one. The
discovery of the ring leader will raise questions and they were
talking about it today, how this man was able to travel to Syria from
Belgium -- temp one. Our security correspondent has been looking at
that issue and where the investigation might go from here --
Abdelhamid Abaaoud. They had elements of the same plan.
Abdelhamid Abaaoud himself claimed he narrowly escaped capture of
terror this police raid in January which disrupted and major gun attack
and killed two accomplices. This may well have marked our major missed
opportunity to stop him planning and organising another even larger
attack. Abdelhamid Abaaoud claimed he escaped Belgium in January and
went back to Syria. He then appears to have got back into Europe again
perhaps via Greece. The investigation. His ability to
travel. Failure to track him was
a costly one. three cars were used, all rented
in Belgium, the base for the plot. At the Bataclan Theatre,
a VW Polo was found. Eyewitnesses told the BBC they saw
a group of suspicious men in its This Renault was used
by the suicide bombers who attacked The last vehicle was abandoned,
used by the three-man team that Two men who use a car are still
on the run. French security services have been
using CCTV in form Phone records led them to this
apartment, one of at least two used as a safe
house in the run-up to the attack. The raid
in Saint-Denis yesterday claimed came after witnesses
placed him there and not in Syria. The cell may have been planning
a second wave of attacks. Today, the head of German security
services told the BBC that all The threat situation
is very serious. We have to assume something
like Paris can happen any time, whether in Paris, Brussels,
Berlin or London. Signs are that concerned in Italy
today where there was an alert on the Metro and after the
American FBI passed on warnings. Another sign of Europe,
not just France, remains on edge. It is a rainy night here in Paris,
quite miserable the weather, but you can still see people coming out to
contemplate the flowers and the candles. They are laying their own
messages here. Two women there. We have seen emotional scenes here
throughout the day. I saw one couple in tears as they were reading the
messages and I am sure as the week anniversary approaches, families
will come here. We will see quite emotional things tomorrow and
security will be stepped up and be very tight as well as people focus
on word they were last week as they headed out at the end of the busy
working week to the bars and the stadium. Still some questions for
police. We understand there was a third body in that raid yesterday
buried under the rubble. Who is that? Does it mean that there is a
suspect still on the run or was that the body of a suspect? That will be
pertinent to the Belgian authorities who say they still have a manhunt
underway in Brussels. Let us speak to our correspondent who was in
Brussels. More rates today and more arrests. Nine raids and nine
arrests, seven of those arrests connected to an investigation into
one of the Paris attackers but in fact connected to his travels to
Syria earlier this year, two of the nine arrests connected directly to
the attacks in Paris almost one week ago. No more detail from the Belgian
prosecutor 's office but as you say, what is clear is that Salah Abdeslam
is in Belgium and is in Brussels and that is where their hunt is
continuing. Whether or not it is Molenbeek or not we do not know.
There is not an overt security presence in Molenbeek at the moment
but we do know they are searching for him and they believe he is in
the country and there are rumours circulating on websites and social
media about various different sightings as well. We'll have to
wait and see what happens but they clearly believe he is in the
country. Reporting in Molenbeek as I was earlier in the week and you have
been there all art, it strikes me that there is this network there to
support the likes of the brother of Salah Abdeslam and himself. There is
a culture of secrecy that information is not shared within the
Muslim community and that is a problem for the Belgian authorities.
It is a big problem. There is a culture of secrecy, Molenbeek is
pretty much in the heart of Brussels, in the north-west of the
city, but parts of it feel very different and clearly younger people
there, second generation immigrants in general feel that they are not
part of the society in Brussels or the Belgian society that traditional
forms of authority, parental, or security, or nothing to do with them
and that does create a problem. You can walk around Molenbeek and you
feel relatively safe, it does not feel like the suburbs around Paris,
it is not as violent or difficult as that. Beyond the doors, the curtains
that you come up against, you have to wonder what is going on, clearly
the Belgian security services have tremendous difficulty penetrating
that and Belgian ministers have acknowledged those difficulties.
They have pretty much acknowledged that in some senses, in that
commune, that neighbourhood, it is out of their control and begin at
how the human intelligence to penetrate the plots that have sprung
up time and time again from this one small commune in Northwest Brussels.
Thank you Berry much. Jonny Diamond in Brussels. The manhunt for Salah
Abdeslam is still very much in play in Belgium and the network that
supported him, very much in focus as well. He was a brief look at some of
the other news. The Russian Foreign Minister said the Paris attacks have
helped western countries understand that the
priority in Syria is to fight Islamic State.
The Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov,
has said the Paris attacks have helped Western countries understand
that the priority in Syria is to fight Islamic State, and not to
Mr Lavrov stressed that the Syrian conflict could not be resolved
peacefully without the involvement of President Assad.
Israeli police say five people have been killed and several wounded in
In the first incident, in Tel Aviv, Israeli police say a Palestinian man
stabbed to death two Israeli men in an office building, where a group of
He was apprehended by Israeli security forces.
Later, police say three people were killed and others wounded
in the West Bank when a Palestinian opened fire on an Israeli minibus.
Police in Britain have arrested a Libyan man in his 50s
on suspicion of conspiracy to murder a female police officer,
who was killed outside the Libyan embassy in London in 1984.
Yvonne Fletcher died after being shot from
inside the building - as she was policing a demonstration against
The Metropolitan Police head of counter-terrorism said the arrest
Global health experts are warning the world is on the cusp
of a "post antibiotic era", after finding bacteria
resistant to drugs used when all other treatments have failed.
It's being blamed on an overuse of antibiotics in farm animals.
The research is published in the Lancet.
One of the report authors says "all the circumstances are in place
for make the post-antibiotic world a reality."
This map from the Wellcome Trust estimates the number
of deaths that it's estimated will happen due to resistant bacteria
It estimates that 4 million people will die in Africa because
of antibacterial resistance-and almost 5 million in Asia.
Far fewer on other continents, although as Fergus Walsh reports,
this is far from being a problem just for the developing world.
In the war against superbugs, it is the bacteria that are winning.
This hospital in India where I filmed for Panorama is running out
There is a long list of antibiotics that Mohammed's bug
It is really concerning, in fact scary as the bug was showing
For the first time we are seeing this kind of report.
Mohammed's infection was resistant to a last-ditch antibiotic,
In China doctors say they have found more bugs that are resistant to it.
That resistance is spreading to other bacteria.
The E.Coli bacteria will not be treated
by the antibiotics you have been on before...
This is not just a problem for the developing world.
Keith has been on a succession of antibiotics in recent years
His doctor at the Royal Free Hospital in London is convinced
the new drug resistant strains will end up here and make matters worse.
It takes about three years for it to transfer
around the world and about five years before we see it routinely
in our patients and we know that because that is what has happened
This type of transmissible drug-resistant infection.
To see this in this antibiotic is particularly
terrifying because that will mean we will have
That apocalyptic scenario is a way off yet but experts say it is
Modern medicine is utterly dependent on effective antibiotics.
Without them major surgery and much cancer treatment would
This is an issue that matters to us all.
Two thirds of all antibiotics are used in animals.
The new resistant bugs were first found in pigs in China so curbs
on antibiotic use in farming are essential
Let's talk to one of Britain's leading experts on this subject -
Professor Timothy Walsh from the University of Cardiff is
He had stayed up late. Thank you very much. Do you think this really
is a dramatic development, people are talking about it being
apocalyptic news? Yes, I think most of the watchers and listeners would
be desensitised because this kind of scenario has been in the press for a
few years, but this is a bit of a game-changer, because we were always
relying on that drug to treat serious infections and although some
bacteria to become resistant to colistin, it is usually a burden to
the organism and we never thought that the resistance would be able to
be passed from one bug to another and so it took us really by surprise
that this mechanism in fact could become mobile and in fact it seems
to have spread very rapidly throughout different bacterial
populations in China, amongst different sectors. Is the Chinese
government responding to this, I know you have made contact with the
Department of agriculture and health, what are they saying? One of
the leading authors in our group is a man who from the beginning has
made great efforts to contact the Chinese government to let them
know, particularly the Ministry of agriculture to let them know our
findings and our thoughts, we need to remove this drug colistin from
animal feeds. The Chinese government take it extremely seriously, we have
had meetings with the Ministry of health and the ministry about the
and they will continue tomorrow and probably into early next week and I
think we can expect some very good and clear resolution in the next
couple of weeks. And this is not a problem that is confined to China?
You have been looking at south Asia as a whole. That is right. The
information that we have and we need to ratify it would suggest in fact
that this particular type of resistance in the bugs like E. Coli,
we found them in different countries and including North Vietnam. It
looks like it is spreading outside China. China give a lot of their
chickens and pork into Hong Kong and I would imagine that it is the same
case there and like the doctors you interviewed in the clip suggests, it
is going to be about three to five years before it becomes global. An
hour ago I was talking to Jim O'Neill who is leading a UK review
into antibiotic resistance and he said he thought one of the big
problems was US agriculture and the fact that so many antibiotics are
given to animals there as well but there is not a sense of alarm at
all. No, I think different countries respond differently to this
particular crisis and I think it would be very helpful if our
transatlantic cousins would catch up to speed with the UK and take it as
seriously as we have. David Cameron has made great strides to tell
people about the importance of that and that is fantastic. The one thing
we do need to do as an international community is to align our efforts
and to tackle this with the same policies. At the moment different
countries are doing different things. We appreciate your expertise
and your time staying up so late for us in China. Thank you. Let us go
back to our top story looking at the Paris attacks and another Imp at,
because as people in Paris struggled to come to terms with what happened
last Friday, many parents and teachers have found themselves
having to explain the events to their children. Jenny
I love Paris because of its energy and inspiration.
But six days ago, all the things they love about Paris
After the attacks on Friday many schools were closed, but now they
are open again and I'm at one school in the city centre to hear how
I was in my apartment when it happened, so I heard noises
and I turned on the news right away to check what was happening.
More than 100 people called all six of us because we were at home
The first thing I noticed first of all was the streets of Paris
The Metros were empty and there was military everywhere.
I called my dad who was in Paris and he told me that if I was continuing
to be scared to not go out, I would let them win and I was on the point.
On Saturday, I stayed home but on Sunday I spent the day outside.
What has life been like being back at school?
The first thing I said was I'm glad you are safe, I'm happy to see you,
and it was more heartfelt than I have ever said it.
We all talked about it and asked each other how we were
doing and where we were and if everyone was safe.
I know some of my friends who have lost really important people
in their lives, because of the situation that happened,
so we just tell them that everything is going to be fine, it will be OK.
I'll fall we go we want to show you a few pictures of the second largest
diamond in the world It's the second largest gem quality
diamond in the world, The 1,111-carat stone was found
in the Karowe mine, about 500 kilometres north
of the capital Gaborone. It is the biggest diamond to
be discovered in the country. -- thank you for watching us.
Goodbye. Hello there. A big change to the
feel of the weather in the next 36