23/11/2015 World News Today


23/11/2015

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Brussels is to remain on high alert, and the subway and schools will stay

:00:00.:00:11.

After raids overnight, a fourth suspect has been charged

:00:12.:00:16.

Meanwhile, French police say an explosive belt has been found

:00:17.:00:22.

I'm alive in Brussels. A city still on edge despite all those rates, the

:00:23.:00:38.

missing Paris gunman, Salah Abdeslam, is still at large.

:00:39.:00:40.

French warplanes have launched their first air strikes against Isis

:00:41.:00:44.

from an aircraft carrier, which has just reached the region.

:00:45.:00:46.

The BBC gains access inside the Mali hotel where 19 people died

:00:47.:00:50.

during Friday's terror attack and we hear a survivor's story.

:00:51.:00:54.

Also coming up, one of the last four surviving

:00:55.:00:57.

Is there any hope that the species can be saved?

:00:58.:01:18.

Within the last hour the Belgium Prime Minister has confirmed

:01:19.:01:21.

that Brussels will continue to stay on high alert.

:01:22.:01:27.

Schools, shops and the underground metro system are

:01:28.:01:30.

closed again for a third day, with new warnings of possible attacks.

:01:31.:01:33.

After raids overnight, a fourth suspect has been charged

:01:34.:01:35.

A key suspect in the Paris attacks, Salah Abdeslam, is still on the run.

:01:36.:01:41.

We've also heard from French police that an explosive

:01:42.:01:43.

belt, without a detonator has been found in a southern Paris suburb.

:01:44.:01:46.

Good evening and welcome back to Brussels, a city that remains very

:01:47.:02:01.

tense, still on high alert. You will see behind me outside the stench.

:02:02.:02:06.

You are armoured personnel. -- outside the central station. That's

:02:07.:02:11.

a scene that is replicated all around the city tonight with

:02:12.:02:16.

soldiers and police dotted around in strategic positions. We have seen

:02:17.:02:19.

and heard the evidence of more police raids today around the city

:02:20.:02:24.

as police respond to calls from the public. There is a lot of anxiety,

:02:25.:02:28.

although I would say that from time to time today we have seen crowds of

:02:29.:02:32.

people at the bus stop. Some are trying to get back to an ordinary

:02:33.:02:36.

way of life. Perhaps they are getting used to this heightened

:02:37.:02:40.

sense of security? It is now the norm, it seems, here in western

:02:41.:02:44.

Europe. We have had to Macri statements from the prosecutor and

:02:45.:02:48.

the Prime Minister in the last hour or so. -- we have had two. The

:02:49.:02:53.

prosecutor has told us that have been 16 arrests on Sunday, most have

:02:54.:02:58.

been freed but one man has been charged in connection to the Paris

:02:59.:03:02.

attacks so that makes four people are now charged with involvement

:03:03.:03:06.

here in Belgium. Of the five arrested today, three have been

:03:07.:03:10.

released. Police have told us today that they recovered some 26,000

:03:11.:03:16.

euros in cash, around ?18,000, from one apartment and they continue to

:03:17.:03:20.

question two of the people that they arrested. Meanwhile, as we have been

:03:21.:03:24.

hearing, the Prime Minister has been giving his reaction to the current

:03:25.:03:29.

threat. He has told us before that he is working with specific

:03:30.:03:34.

intelligence and he doesn't think the rate we have seen over the past

:03:35.:03:38.

24 hours have put that to bed. The threat level will be capped at four

:03:39.:03:43.

at least for the Brussels area, the rest of the country is at three.

:03:44.:03:48.

Clearly there is much focus on the Brussels area. Let's hear what the

:03:49.:03:49.

Prime Minister had to say. TRANSLATION:

:03:50.:03:51.

We are confirming that the stage level four threat,

:03:52.:03:57.

so we are reducing the number of big events, public events,

:03:58.:04:00.

in order to guarantee the security liberating our resources, police,

:04:01.:04:02.

so that they can be President in The second point is to maintain

:04:03.:04:08.

a strategy of optimum police Equally in Brussels, given that

:04:09.:04:17.

it is at a level four threat. And the third point is toth

:04:18.:04:25.

obviously for people to pay It has been decided that schools

:04:26.:04:31.

will be opened from Wednesday so that we can put in place the right

:04:32.:04:40.

measures around schools and that the It is also possible that

:04:41.:04:43.

the opening of the Metro will be But, certainly from Wednesday

:04:44.:04:51.

most of them will be open. The Belgian Prime Minister, Charles

:04:52.:05:09.

Michel, urging patients from the public and also asking them to

:05:10.:05:13.

remain vigilant as they go about their business in the city. He is

:05:14.:05:18.

under enormous amounts of pressure, so, too, is the interior minister.

:05:19.:05:22.

We wonder how long this is sustainable. There have been

:05:23.:05:25.

complaints from the Belgian chamber of commerce who say it is starting

:05:26.:05:29.

to affect business, and also what sort of message does it send to the

:05:30.:05:32.

terrorists when a European capital can be closed down like this? Here

:05:33.:05:34.

is our reporter. This city is searching

:05:35.:05:38.

for a terror cell. It was the wrong night for this

:05:39.:05:43.

driver to get close to the police. At night, security forces carried

:05:44.:05:49.

out raids in several neighbourhoods. The government has shut

:05:50.:05:53.

down the Metro and closed the This morning, Gabriel risked

:05:54.:05:56.

a trip to the park with his two-year-old son, who's scared

:05:57.:06:06.

of the soldiers on the streets. TRANSLATION:

:06:07.:06:11.

They've got their heads covered The police patrol possible targets,

:06:12.:06:14.

including The government's told everybody

:06:15.:06:25.

to stay away from crowds. But the people in this line

:06:26.:06:32.

can't help being in one place. They're queueing up

:06:33.:06:35.

for the train to Paris. They are being checked very closely

:06:36.:06:38.

when they get to the front Investigators believe that nine men

:06:39.:06:40.

were involved in the Paris attacks. Last Wednesday, the police killed

:06:41.:06:47.

the group's suspected ringleader, So, the only surviving

:06:48.:06:54.

attacker is Salah Abdeslam. The police believe

:06:55.:07:01.

he fled to Belgium. The authorities fear that

:07:02.:07:05.

he or others may be ready Salah Abdeslam comes from the

:07:06.:07:08.

Molenbeek neighbourhood of Brussels. This afternoon,

:07:09.:07:18.

its residents felt uneasy. TRANSLATION:

:07:19.:07:23.

Wherever you go in the world, The police will have to do

:07:24.:07:26.

their checks. Their operations have yet to

:07:27.:07:33.

uncover the main suspects. The city may not be able to return

:07:34.:07:38.

to normal until it finds him. How long can this capital live

:07:39.:07:42.

under a state of maximum alert? A city that remains on high alert.

:07:43.:08:01.

Let's bring you one other news line that we have had from Paris this

:08:02.:08:04.

evening. Police are saying that they have found something, a belt, but

:08:05.:08:11.

may resemble an explosive belt in a Paris suburb. The object was found

:08:12.:08:17.

in a dustbin and a police source said that according to their

:08:18.:08:22.

enquiries, this is an unnamed police source talking to AFP, they believe

:08:23.:08:30.

that Salah Abdeslam may have been in the area on the night of the

:08:31.:08:35.

attacks. An interesting detail of there. No doubt we will hear more

:08:36.:08:39.

about that over the course of the next few hours. If we do, we will

:08:40.:08:43.

bring you news of that. For the moment he in Brussels, I will hand

:08:44.:08:45.

you back to London. French warplanes have launched their

:08:46.:08:49.

first mission against the Islamic State group from the newly deployed

:08:50.:08:52.

aircraft carrier, Charles de Gaulle. The French military said the

:08:53.:08:55.

aircraft struck targets in Iraq. The ship

:08:56.:09:01.

in the eastern Mediterranean triples the number of French planes

:09:02.:09:03.

available to strike IS. President Hollande had promised to

:09:04.:09:06.

intensify operations against the TRANSLATION:

:09:07.:09:08.

We will intensify our strikes. We will choose targets that inflict

:09:09.:09:17.

the maximum possible damage And our aircraft carrier,

:09:18.:09:21.

which is soon to arrive in place, has been clearly adapted to hit

:09:22.:09:26.

Islamic State and to hit it hard. The British Prime Minister,

:09:27.:09:34.

David Cameron, has promised increased cooperation with France

:09:35.:09:37.

in the fight against the Islamic Mr Cameron visited the scene

:09:38.:09:40.

of the worst of the Paris attacks He said both leaders had agreed that

:09:41.:09:45.

Europe must do more to tackle the threat of fighters returning from

:09:46.:09:51.

Syria, including increased sharing It is absolutely right to take

:09:52.:09:53.

decisive action to stop terrorists when they are threatening

:09:54.:09:59.

the lives of innocent citizens. The United Kingdom will do all

:10:00.:10:03.

in our power to support our friend and ally, France,

:10:04.:10:07.

to defeat this evil death cult. Funerals for the people killed

:10:08.:10:13.

in the Paris attacks continued to In the central city of Bois,

:10:14.:10:15.

mourners gathered for the burial of 24-year-old Anna Lieffrig-Petard

:10:16.:10:20.

and her 30-year-old sister, Marion. They were killed

:10:21.:10:24.

when gunmen opened fire on diners at the Le Petit Cambodge restaurant

:10:25.:10:29.

in Paris ten days ago. 130 people were killed

:10:30.:10:35.

in the attacks, and many of those who were injured

:10:36.:10:37.

remain in a critical condition. The BBC has gained rare access to

:10:38.:10:46.

the Radisson Blu Hotel in Mali's capital, Bamako,

:10:47.:10:49.

where 19 people were killed during an attack claimed by militants

:10:50.:10:52.

linked to al-Qaeda last Friday. Russians, Chinese,

:10:53.:10:56.

an American and a Belgian national Security forces in Mali are still on

:10:57.:10:58.

the hunt for at least three jihadi fighters suspected to have been

:10:59.:11:05.

involved in the bloody rampage. Our West Africa Correspondent,

:11:06.:11:09.

Thomas Fessy, sent this TRANSLATION:

:11:10.:11:12.

My manager and I led the guests through the kitchen so we

:11:13.:11:20.

could take them to the base into. But the lift can only

:11:21.:11:24.

take eight people. We were 20 or 25 of us, too many,

:11:25.:11:30.

and the lift got stuck One gunman arrived and shot once,

:11:31.:11:33.

to show that he was there Ali Uzbek was preparing breakfast

:11:34.:11:38.

for the hotel's guests when he Now recovering from bullet winds

:11:39.:11:42.

in the neck. And ordered every Friday morning

:11:43.:11:50.

at the Radisson Blu. Here in the restaurant, the tables

:11:51.:11:57.

are still set the way they were But when the shooting began,

:11:58.:12:00.

hotel staff led them through But many of them were met by one

:12:01.:12:10.

of the gunman right here as they were trying to access that

:12:11.:12:21.

lift, and another one TRANSLATION:

:12:22.:12:24.

There were French, English, I took the first bullet because I

:12:25.:12:34.

was standing at the front. When he regained consciousness,

:12:35.:12:43.

Ali and two female colleagues rushed into this office

:12:44.:12:47.

and closed the door. TRANSLATION:

:12:48.:12:53.

He opened the door and came in. One of the two women started

:12:54.:12:56.

to scream when she saw him. I had told the other lady

:12:57.:13:04.

to stay under the table. He looked at me,

:13:05.:13:09.

but I faked being dead. He looked at me again,

:13:10.:13:14.

and then left. 19 people from around

:13:15.:13:16.

the globe died in this building. Ali waited eight hours until

:13:17.:13:22.

soldiers were able to get to him. He said he kept praying

:13:23.:13:27.

and thinking of his wife Four men have gone on trial in

:13:28.:13:29.

connection with the multi-million pound jewellery raid in Hatton

:13:30.:13:41.

Garden in London last Easter. Valuables and gems, worth an

:13:42.:13:48.

estimated ?14 million were stolen. Our Home Affairs Correspondent,

:13:49.:13:52.

Daniel Sandford, has this report. It was the Thursday night before

:13:53.:13:55.

the Easter bank holiday weekend. The start

:13:56.:13:58.

of what was to be the biggest Four men unloading a transit van

:13:59.:14:00.

and, according to the prosecution, caught on CCTV entering the building

:14:01.:14:07.

through the rear fire exit. Once in the building,

:14:08.:14:14.

the prosecution say they disabled the lift on the second floor and

:14:15.:14:19.

drops down from the ground floor to the basement where the safe deposit

:14:20.:14:26.

vault is. There, they drilled three holes

:14:27.:14:29.

in the massive concrete wall. But, then, hit the back

:14:30.:14:32.

of the metal safe-deposit cabinets. And, so, the prosecution say,

:14:33.:14:36.

on that first night the men failed to get right through into

:14:37.:14:40.

the vault and, leaving through the But some of them went back two

:14:41.:14:44.

nights later to finish the job. The prosecution say they took

:14:45.:14:53.

an estimated ?40 million of diamonds, gold bars, jewellery,

:14:54.:14:56.

watches and cash. Only one third

:14:57.:15:01.

of it has been recovered. Four men have pleaded guilty to

:15:02.:15:07.

the record-breaking burglary. The ringleaders, the prosecution

:15:08.:15:10.

calls them, are men who brought it great deal of experience

:15:11.:15:13.

in serious acquisitive crime. Including 76-year-old Brian Reader,

:15:14.:15:19.

who was called the "Master" by the other men,

:15:20.:15:21.

and went to the burglary by bus. The men on trial today were Carl

:15:22.:15:24.

Wood, who is accused of being in the building when the drilling took

:15:25.:15:29.

place. Bill Lincoln,

:15:30.:15:31.

another alleged conspirator. John Harbinson, who is accused of

:15:32.:15:33.

moving some of the stolen property, and Hugh Doyle, who is also accused

:15:34.:15:36.

of helping move the jewellery. But Hugh Doyle, on the right,

:15:37.:15:39.

and the other three in this trial, The case for

:15:40.:15:43.

the prosecution continues tomorrow. One of the last four remaining

:15:44.:15:53.

northern white rhinos in the world Nola, a 41-year-old female, had

:15:54.:15:56.

been a popular attraction at the Her condition deteriorated

:15:57.:16:02.

sharply after an operation. The other three white rhinos are

:16:03.:16:07.

at a reserve in Kenya. The two females are incapable

:16:08.:16:11.

of reproduction and the last male Northern white rhinos were declared

:16:12.:16:15.

extinct in the wild in 2008, after extensive poaching

:16:16.:16:20.

for their horns. Richard Vigne is

:16:21.:16:24.

Chief Executive Officer at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy - a wildlife

:16:25.:16:28.

reserve in Northern Kenya. To allow a species to get down to

:16:29.:16:33.

as low as four remaining whole individuals, the chances

:16:34.:16:39.

of saving it are pretty small. It's not completely the end

:16:40.:16:41.

of the story. We're looking at artificially

:16:42.:16:43.

assisted methods of reproduction, and there are various different

:16:44.:16:46.

angles with regards to that. So, it may be possible to recover

:16:47.:16:49.

this species from extinction. But the chances

:16:50.:16:56.

of it happening are pretty small. There is a lot of debate

:16:57.:16:58.

about what is a species and what is a subspecies and

:16:59.:17:01.

everything else, but I think there are two really important points

:17:02.:17:05.

here. Number one is that

:17:06.:17:07.

the northern white rhinos used to exist across central and northern

:17:08.:17:10.

Africa, as its name suggests. Now,

:17:11.:17:13.

if we will be capable in 100 years' time of reintroducing rhinos

:17:14.:17:19.

into that part of Africa where this species existed, that we have to

:17:20.:17:21.

preserve its genetic make up. Because that genetic make up is

:17:22.:17:24.

specifically designed to be able to exist within

:17:25.:17:26.

the environmental challenges But without those genes then

:17:27.:17:29.

the reintroduction of rhinos into central Africa in the future

:17:30.:17:36.

is probably going to be impossible. What is happening to

:17:37.:17:43.

the northern white rhinos, either side they are closely related

:17:44.:17:46.

to southern whites, which is the species prevailant across South

:17:47.:17:50.

Africa, is not really the point. It is the point, but it's more

:17:51.:17:55.

a pointer for what is happening to thousands of other species across

:17:56.:17:59.

the planet, including every single other species of rhino that exists

:18:00.:18:02.

in Africa and in the Far East. The truth

:18:03.:18:05.

of the matter is there has been a lot of press coverage about what

:18:06.:18:08.

is happening to elephant populations in Africa and similar press

:18:09.:18:12.

coverage with regards to rhinos. The truth of the matter is

:18:13.:18:16.

that demands for rhino horn, demand for elephant ivory,

:18:17.:18:19.

and increasingly affluent markets for those two products has driven

:18:20.:18:23.

the price to stratospheric levels and that's what's driving

:18:24.:18:26.

the poaching pressure. As I said earlier, if you look

:18:27.:18:30.

at the thousands of other species across the planet, whatever they

:18:31.:18:33.

happen to be, that are threatened by over exploitation by humans,

:18:34.:18:37.

I think that's a pretty good signal Change is coming to Argentina,

:18:38.:18:40.

where Mauricio Macri, the mayor of Buenos Aires,

:18:41.:18:50.

has won the presidential election. His victory marks an end to 12 years

:18:51.:18:52.

of centre-left government dominated by President Cristina Fernandez

:18:53.:18:58.

de Kirchner and her late husband. Wyre Davies wasin the capital

:18:59.:19:00.

Buenos Aires for the celebrations, Hello. So, the end of an era in a

:19:01.:19:17.

sense. Tell us about Mr Macri? Mauricio Macri has certainly been

:19:18.:19:22.

enjoying his moment. He was doing a very good impression of a grandad

:19:23.:19:26.

dancing at a wedding last night at his victory rally. In many ways,

:19:27.:19:34.

this was unexpected victory and Macri couldn't care less. He was

:19:35.:19:37.

determined to show everyone how relieved and happy he was because he

:19:38.:19:42.

had just defeated the dominant political movement that has

:19:43.:19:45.

dominated Argentine politics for decades. Certainly for the last ten

:19:46.:19:50.

years. Getting rid of Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner's successor.

:19:51.:19:56.

Mauricio Macri dancing the night away in Buenos Aires last might.

:19:57.:20:01.

Much to the pleasure, of course, of his many supporters. About 80% of

:20:02.:20:06.

the Argentine population voted for him. Just under 50% for his

:20:07.:20:11.

opponent. So, it was a close election. -- about 50%. Just before

:20:12.:20:18.

he took to the stage, Mr Macri told supporters what is programme for

:20:19.:20:19.

government would be. I hope that this joy,

:20:20.:20:22.

this enthusiasm, this energy will help us quickly put the country on

:20:23.:20:25.

the right path and for that we need to, as a government, correct the

:20:26.:20:29.

things that they were doing badly. The dollar restriction was

:20:30.:20:32.

a mistake as well as not giving information, not having access to

:20:33.:20:35.

statistics, not having an independent central bank, they are

:20:36.:20:43.

all things we are going to fix. We are going to provide

:20:44.:20:45.

opportunities for those who want to and can invest in Argentina to be

:20:46.:20:48.

able to so, starting with Over the next few days we

:20:49.:20:51.

will be making a start. That something was quite something.

:20:52.:21:03.

I just reading one comments describing Mr Macri as

:21:04.:21:06.

uncharismatic. Does he have a problem his image?

:21:07.:21:11.

No, I do think he is uncharismatic. He is a popular figure. He was the

:21:12.:21:17.

outgoing Mayor of Brenna Suarez. He is the former President of a junior

:21:18.:21:24.

football club, so I would not describe him as uncharismatic. --

:21:25.:21:28.

Mayor of when sorrows. He has a big task ahead of him. The Argentine

:21:29.:21:35.

government hasn't really publicised proper inflation figures, for

:21:36.:21:38.

example. We don't how much money is left in the central bank. There are

:21:39.:21:43.

a lot of criticisms of the current economy and things but he and his

:21:44.:21:46.

economic team will have to get to grips with to tackle what is a

:21:47.:21:51.

burgeoning economic crisis in Argentina. The mere fact that today

:21:52.:21:55.

Mauricio Macri hold a press conference was a novelty because the

:21:56.:21:59.

outgoing President, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, is so private

:22:00.:22:03.

herself that she doesn't hold press conferences or hold herself to

:22:04.:22:06.

public scrutiny. I think we will see a change of style of government, how

:22:07.:22:11.

much change of the economy will be possible with the economic crisis in

:22:12.:22:17.

the short term is open to question. Of course, all available that

:22:18.:22:22.

Mauricio Macri is bringing in, the outgoing government also going to

:22:23.:22:25.

want to see some of the hard fought for welfare programmes also being

:22:26.:22:27.

guaranteed. Thank you very much.

:22:28.:22:30.

A DNA study has confirmed that London was an ethnically-diverse

:22:31.:22:32.

The analysis reveals what some of the very first Londoners looked

:22:33.:22:38.

The first results are from four people.

:22:39.:22:42.

Two were mixed race, another from Eastern Europe,

:22:43.:22:45.

Our Science Correspondent, Pallab Ghosh, has this exclusive report.

:22:46.:22:54.

It's the most diverse city in the world.

:22:55.:22:58.

People who have their roots from across

:22:59.:23:00.

But 2,000 years ago, it was just the same.

:23:01.:23:08.

That history is written in the bones of ancient human remains.

:23:09.:23:15.

This is a skeleton of a 14-year-old girl, who lived in London 2,000

:23:16.:23:19.

The DNA in her bones shows she grew up in North Africa.

:23:20.:23:26.

But her mother was from southern or Eastern Europe.

:23:27.:23:29.

She had blue eyes, like many people living in London

:23:30.:23:31.

And her family had travelled across the globe to be in London.

:23:32.:23:39.

Even though this was 2,000 years ago,

:23:40.:23:41.

People are still able to move thousands of miles.

:23:42.:23:44.

We think she may have been part of a military community, that her

:23:45.:23:48.

father or indeed even her husband, although she was quite young, could

:23:49.:23:51.

DNA was extracted from her teeth and bones and analysed

:23:52.:23:54.

The researchers found out about two more of the very first Londoners.

:23:55.:23:59.

Like the 14-year-old girl, one also had favourite in Africa and the

:24:00.:24:03.

It's a boom town, of course, or a boom city.

:24:04.:24:25.

It's a boom town, of course, Historian Michael Wood tells me

:24:26.:24:26.

It's the most multicultural city in the world and what's great

:24:27.:24:32.

about this is you just get that little hint of today's London

:24:33.:24:35.

In the store room, there are skeletons of thousands more people.

:24:36.:24:48.

Scientists hope to learn their stories, to,

:24:49.:24:54.

and find out more about the history of the capital through their eyes.

:24:55.:25:04.

Back to our top story and the lock down in Brussels.

:25:05.:25:06.

People were being told by the police not to tweet

:25:07.:25:10.

about their whereabouts or even about anything in particular.

:25:11.:25:27.

That led to a massive outpouring of support on a line in the form of cat

:25:28.:25:36.

pictures. Giving the people of Brussels a moment of fun and a bit

:25:37.:25:40.

of an outlet for some of the tension that had been built up. The police

:25:41.:25:44.

were very grateful. They tweeted this picture, I think we can just

:25:45.:25:49.

show you. They wrote," for the cats that helped us last night, help

:25:50.:25:51.

yourselves." Next the weather,

:25:52.:25:53.

but for now from me

:25:54.:25:57.

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