24/11/2015 World News Today


24/11/2015

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A Russian warplane is shot down by Turkey on the border with Syria.

:00:00.:00:11.

The pilots parachuted out but there are conflicting reports

:00:12.:00:13.

Turkey says the jet was flying over Turkey's territory. Russia denies

:00:14.:00:21.

that. Today's event is a stab in the back

:00:22.:00:34.

that has been given to us by accomplices of

:00:35.:00:35.

Turkey's president Erdogan said shooting

:00:36.:00:38.

down a Russian plane was completely in line with rules of engagement.

:00:39.:00:41.

Also coming up, France's prosecutor says the man who

:00:42.:00:43.

planned the Paris attacks went back to the scenes of the killings,

:00:44.:00:46.

while the siege at the Bataclan concert hall was still underway.

:00:47.:00:50.

Could a genetically modified mosquito be the key to stopping

:00:51.:00:54.

President Putin has warned that Turkey's shooting down of a Russian

:00:55.:01:14.

warplane on the Turkish-Syrian border will have serious

:01:15.:01:18.

He described what happened as a "stab in the back" committed

:01:19.:01:22.

The Turkish authorities say its fighter planes targetted the

:01:23.:01:28.

Russian aircraft after its pilots repeatedly ignored warnings that it

:01:29.:01:31.

Moscow insists the plane had always been over Syrian territory.

:01:32.:01:36.

The two man crew ejected before the plane came down

:01:37.:01:38.

There are still conflicting reports about their fate.

:01:39.:01:46.

In a moment, the latest on the Russian response.

:01:47.:01:48.

But first, Mark Lowen reports from Istanbul.

:01:49.:01:59.

Hit mid air and collapsing into flames.

:02:00.:02:02.

A Russian jet plunges through the skies above the Turkey Syria border.

:02:03.:02:07.

Downed by a Turkish strike, the plane is consumed by fire.

:02:08.:02:14.

It is the cost, says Turkey, of Russia violating its airspace.

:02:15.:02:24.

Just visible, the parachutes of the two pilots escaping the crash.

:02:25.:02:28.

Russian helicopters were sent in to search for them, but Syrian rebels

:02:29.:02:32.

Turkey immediately released an image which it says shows

:02:33.:02:40.

The flight path appears to cross Syria's border into Turkey.

:02:41.:02:45.

The Turkish Prime Minister insisted his country had simply carried out

:02:46.:02:52.

its rules of engagement, and the Russian plane had been

:02:53.:02:54.

We have never been a country which had designs against another country.

:02:55.:03:01.

But everyone should know that Turkey has the right to respond

:03:02.:03:04.

if it airspace is violated, despite repeated warnings.

:03:05.:03:09.

This is what everyone feared might happen

:03:10.:03:20.

when Russia began military action in Syria.

:03:21.:03:22.

That a crowded airspace and rival allegiances could provoke

:03:23.:03:24.

This is not just Turkey against Russia.

:03:25.:03:27.

Ankara is a vital Nato member and has been military alliance

:03:28.:03:29.

The fear is that this could now escalate fast.

:03:30.:03:33.

In recent days, Russia has targeted this minority, the Syrian Turkmens.

:03:34.:03:40.

A Turkic speaking ethnic group, they have been fighting

:03:41.:03:42.

against the Assad regime and are strongly supported by Ankara.

:03:43.:03:47.

They say their fighters shot and killed the Russian pilots.

:03:48.:03:52.

But the Turkish authorities say that isn't true,

:03:53.:03:55.

and that both pilots are alive and they are trying to get to them.

:03:56.:03:59.

Like a fireball in the sky, the first time a Russian jet has

:04:00.:04:03.

been shot down by a Nato member in over half a century.

:04:04.:04:07.

In Syria, this is the heart of Russia's military operation.

:04:08.:04:24.

This month, the Russians gave us rare access

:04:25.:04:27.

They told us their war on terror was going according to plan.

:04:28.:04:35.

But they hadn't planned on Turkey shooting down one of their planes.

:04:36.:04:39.

When it came, the Kremlin's reaction was a mixture of disbelief and fury.

:04:40.:04:44.

We have been stabbed in the back by the accomplices of terrorism.

:04:45.:04:51.

There will be serious consequences for Turkey.

:04:52.:04:55.

Vladimir Putin is known for his strong language.

:04:56.:04:58.

But it doesn't get much stronger than this.

:04:59.:05:04.

Equating Turkey with terrorist, Nato with Islamic State, and

:05:05.:05:08.

pledging that Russia would not stand by while such crimes are committed.

:05:09.:05:16.

Moscow insists it is air force is operating solely over Syria,

:05:17.:05:18.

and that the fighter jets shot down today had not crossed into Turkey.

:05:19.:05:22.

But Russian jets have strayed into Turkish airspace before.

:05:23.:05:28.

Those violations recorded at Nato's command centre.

:05:29.:05:31.

Last month, the alliance accused Moscow of irresponsible behaviour.

:05:32.:05:38.

But where does today's incidents leave relations between Russia

:05:39.:05:40.

Never for the last... probably 50 years, did we have

:05:41.:05:46.

anything as significant in terms of Russia Nato air confrontation,

:05:47.:05:54.

Back at Russia's airspace there's a message on this bomb.

:05:55.:05:59.

Moscow insists its air strikes are all about destroying international

:06:00.:06:04.

terrorism, and that the shooting down of one of its jets

:06:05.:06:08.

With me is Olga Ivshina from the BBC's Russian Service.

:06:09.:06:19.

Before we talk about Russian reaction, do we have any more detail

:06:20.:06:25.

about what happened to the pirates? The destiny of one pilot is now

:06:26.:06:31.

known for sure because it has been acknowledged he was killed. We still

:06:32.:06:34.

don't know what happened to the second pilot because there are

:06:35.:06:38.

conflicting reports over his destiny. He might be captured or he

:06:39.:06:42.

might be dead while he was using his parachute. But there is also other

:06:43.:06:49.

developments because the Russian minister -- Russian Minister of

:06:50.:06:52.

defence acknowledged its lost a Russian helicopter which it sent to

:06:53.:06:57.

rescue the men. We've heard fury

:06:58.:07:01.

rescue the men. We've also heard talk of

:07:02.:07:01.

consequences. We have had We've also heard talk of

:07:02.:07:04.

response, the military We've also heard talk of

:07:05.:07:07.

been suspended. Are we expecting more?

:07:08.:07:14.

There will be a serious response from officials and a serious freeze

:07:15.:07:17.

in relations because the Foreign Minister of Russia has cancelled his

:07:18.:07:25.

visit to Turkey. The Russian parliament called for the suspension

:07:26.:07:28.

of all relations with Turkey. Bearing in mind that this there are

:07:29.:07:33.

specific economic ties between Russia and Turkey, there is a

:07:34.:07:38.

significant oppressions -- presence of Turkish businessman in Russia. I

:07:39.:07:44.

think these areas will be damaged significantly. The Russian tourist

:07:45.:07:50.

agency has already urged Russian tourists not to go to Turkey any

:07:51.:07:53.

more. Potentially a lot to lose on both

:07:54.:07:57.

sides. Before this happened, what revelations like?

:07:58.:08:03.

For years, it was close relations. Especially economic link. That was

:08:04.:08:12.

very strong. There was a gas pipeline being built. There were a

:08:13.:08:17.

lots of minor relations in business, especially in some Muslim regions.

:08:18.:08:21.

Turkish business was quite significant. Turkey was the second

:08:22.:08:29.

most popular location for Russian tourists for years. Especially

:08:30.:08:32.

bearing in mind the situation in Egypt, many were thinking to go to

:08:33.:08:35.

Turkey. If there were members of Nato hoping

:08:36.:08:39.

to bring Russia closer in the operation against Islamic State

:08:40.:08:42.

group, this is a big potential setback.

:08:43.:08:46.

This could be a pivotal point in the story and it definitely shows how

:08:47.:08:52.

big the price is when there is a lack of corporation between powers.

:08:53.:08:56.

Today in Russian media we saw a lot of criticism towards Nato. What is

:08:57.:09:01.

interesting is they are criticising everyone except for France. Now we

:09:02.:09:06.

know that and the French President is in the United States. France may

:09:07.:09:12.

be the peacekeeper that is able to bring everyone together because

:09:13.:09:15.

definitely there is a huge need for a co-ordinated action by joint

:09:16.:09:21.

forces in order to oppose Isis. Thank you.

:09:22.:09:28.

A short time ago I spoke to the BBC's Selin Girit in Istanbul

:09:29.:09:31.

and asked her about what's been said in Turkey.

:09:32.:09:35.

The Turkish President in the last half an hour was live

:09:36.:09:40.

He repeated the earlier statements coming out

:09:41.:09:46.

Suggesting that the Russian aeroplane was in clear

:09:47.:09:55.

The Prime Minister repeated that and he said everyone had to

:09:56.:10:02.

respects Turkey's right to defend its borders.

:10:03.:10:04.

So, Turkey is insisting that there was

:10:05.:10:05.

This was a claim also repeated by the premise to earlier in the day.

:10:06.:10:10.

And they are saying it is Turkish government's duty

:10:11.:10:12.

And its territory. Which got a response from the US when Obama said

:10:13.:10:29.

Turkey had the right to defend its borders as well. That is the liner

:10:30.:10:34.

Turkey is insisting at the moment. There are conflicting reports about

:10:35.:10:37.

the fate of the pilots and that will be crucial about how this recent

:10:38.:10:45.

crisis will be escalated or de-escalated. The tone of the

:10:46.:10:52.

statements coming out from Turkey and Syria will be very crucial as

:10:53.:10:56.

well. Putin was taking a hard line approach towards Turkey, serious

:10:57.:11:02.

accusations he made. But we haven't seen that kind of hardline rhetoric

:11:03.:11:09.

from the mouth of the Turkish President, who is not necessarily

:11:10.:11:14.

known for mild attitudes. So, we can observe that. Turkey is trying to

:11:15.:11:16.

keep things, at the moment. President Obama met with

:11:17.:11:21.

France's President Hollande today After the meeting he spoke

:11:22.:11:23.

about the downing of the Russian warplane and about the fight

:11:24.:11:27.

against the Islamic State group. Our North America Editor,

:11:28.:11:30.

Jon Sopel was there. Barack Obama started by saying that

:11:31.:11:40.

of course Turkey has the right to defend its own airspace. But also

:11:41.:11:44.

made a plea that this should not escalate any further. But he did say

:11:45.:11:47.

that the Russians were taking a risk in operating so close to the Turkish

:11:48.:11:52.

border. And that exacerbated the situation. And also making the case

:11:53.:11:59.

that they want Russia to be part of the coalition that is fighting

:12:00.:12:03.

against Islamic State, but not all the other rebel groups. So, you cant

:12:04.:12:09.

help and sense, almost, the level of anxiety that where this could lead

:12:10.:12:16.

to next as a reaction by the Turks shooting down that Russian jet. We

:12:17.:12:20.

have heard the rhetorical reaction from Moscow. We wait to see what the

:12:21.:12:25.

reaction of them might be. More widely, what has President

:12:26.:12:28.

Hollande been hoping to achieve? Is he likely to have got it?

:12:29.:12:35.

I think he probably has. It was a stepping up of the action that is

:12:36.:12:39.

being taken. Not a completely new literary strategy. No one is talking

:12:40.:12:43.

about putting tens of thousands of troops on the ground to try to

:12:44.:12:48.

retake Raqqa. They are talking about an intensification of the

:12:49.:12:52.

bombardment and going after a wider scope of targets, greater

:12:53.:12:56.

intelligence sharing. On all of that, Barack Obama and Francois

:12:57.:12:59.

Hollande seem to be standing shoulder to shoulder. Hollande will

:13:00.:13:06.

not go to see Angela Merkel and tomorrow -- Holland will go and see

:13:07.:13:10.

Angela Merkel tomorrow and Vladimir Putin on Friday.

:13:11.:13:14.

One line on Reuters to tell you about. A hostage situation is being

:13:15.:13:20.

talked about in a northern French town near Belgium. Several with

:13:21.:13:24.

gunshot wounds. That is coming from medical services. Just one line

:13:25.:13:30.

coming from Reuters about a hostage situation in the northern French

:13:31.:13:35.

town near Belgium with several people suffering gunshot wounds. We

:13:36.:13:41.

will update you with anything more that comes out. We don't know if

:13:42.:13:46.

this is connected to anything we have been feeling in recent days, or

:13:47.:13:52.

completely separate. A hostage situation in the north of friends

:13:53.:13:53.

near Belgium. Well, as we've been hearing,

:13:54.:13:54.

French President Francois Hollande is in Washington trying to build

:13:55.:13:56.

support in the fight against In a moment we'll speak to our Paris

:13:57.:13:59.

Correspondent, but in the latest development the French interior

:14:00.:14:04.

minister, Bernard Cazeneuve, has announced the first round of charges

:14:05.:14:07.

to be filed against suspects thought to have been involved

:14:08.:14:10.

in the November 13th attacks. He said that since the attacks,

:14:11.:14:12.

more than 1,230 searches In those raids,

:14:13.:14:18.

police had seized 230 weapons. Although he didn't clarify what

:14:19.:14:22.

sort of arms they were, he did He also announced that 124 people

:14:23.:14:25.

had been charged, though we are still waiting to hear

:14:26.:14:33.

the exact nature of those charges. The BBC's Paris correspondent Hugh

:14:34.:14:40.

Schofield can give us the latest. Hearing from the prosecutor a short

:14:41.:14:50.

while ago, a number of lines are emerging?

:14:51.:14:55.

Not very detailed, but some of it interesting. First of all I pick out

:14:56.:15:01.

the fact that one man has been placed under investigation for

:15:02.:15:07.

terrorist relating charges. This is the man who rented out the flat in

:15:08.:15:11.

Saint Denis to the alleged ringleader of the attack. The flat

:15:12.:15:18.

was raided and the alleged ringleader, Abdelhamid Abaaoud, was

:15:19.:15:24.

killed along with cue others. He was seen on French television on the

:15:25.:15:27.

morning of the raid saying I know nothing, I just let the people have

:15:28.:15:31.

my flat. The police don't believe him entirely. He has been in custody

:15:32.:15:36.

and is now being charged on terrorist offences because the

:15:37.:15:39.

police do not believe he could not have known the people were linked to

:15:40.:15:44.

the terrorist attacks. There is also an interesting detail about the

:15:45.:15:47.

third body found in the raid on the flat. If your member, in the flat in

:15:48.:15:51.

Saint Denis were found the remains of the ringleader, his cousin and a

:15:52.:15:58.

third person. They now think the third person was one of the gunmen

:15:59.:16:04.

at the bars and terraces, the cafes, in that gang that carried out the

:16:05.:16:09.

shootings that. They believe this person was an accomplice that works

:16:10.:16:11.

with the ringleader on that night. Another further detail, rather grim,

:16:12.:16:21.

Abdelhamid Abaaoud it is alleged part in the shootings and then drove

:16:22.:16:28.

the car with this accomplice out to a suburb and came back on the Metro

:16:29.:16:32.

to the scene of the crime. He arrived back on the Metro and is

:16:33.:16:38.

seen on video on the train. He comes back and walks to near the Bataclan

:16:39.:16:44.

where he knows that his other team are inside having killed many people

:16:45.:16:48.

and waiting for the police to intervene. There seems to be this

:16:49.:16:51.

urge to bring him back to the crime and walk among the crowd and see

:16:52.:16:57.

what was happening. Thank you, we will leave it there.

:16:58.:17:01.

Let's update you on about one line from Reuters that we had about a

:17:02.:17:06.

hostage situation in northern France. That is all we have so far.

:17:07.:17:18.

It is in the northern French town. There is a hostage situation and

:17:19.:17:21.

several people have gunshot wounds. We don't know if that is the

:17:22.:17:29.

micro-if there is any -- we don't know if there is any relation to the

:17:30.:17:35.

Paris attacks or recent events in Belgium. We will keep you up to

:17:36.:17:37.

date. A Pakistani-born man who plotted

:17:38.:17:38.

terror attacks across several countries has been

:17:39.:17:41.

jailed for 40 years in the US. 29-year-old Abid Naseer

:17:42.:17:44.

had been extradited from the UK. He'd plotted to bomb

:17:45.:17:47.

Manchester's Arndale Centre here Other planned targets were the

:17:48.:17:57.

New York subway system and We are getting reports from Tunisia

:17:58.:17:59.

that an explosion has hit a bus carrying presidential guards

:18:00.:18:06.

in the capital, Tunis. An interior ministry spokesman

:18:07.:18:09.

has been quoted saying at least 12 people had been killed and more

:18:10.:18:12.

than a dozen others wounded. The cause of the blast was

:18:13.:18:16.

not immediately clear. Bed nets, repellent, insecticides -

:18:17.:18:38.

massive resources and intensive effort go into trying to ward off

:18:39.:18:40.

the mosquitos that carry malaria. But what about going to the problem

:18:41.:18:44.

at source - what if you could take Scientists in the US say they've

:18:45.:18:50.

done just that - breeding a genetically modified mosquito

:18:51.:18:54.

that can resist malaria infection. We'll talk to an expert

:18:55.:18:56.

on this life-threatening disease in a moment, but first just a reminder

:18:57.:19:01.

of how many of us this affects. About 3.2 billion people, almost

:19:02.:19:04.

half of the world's population, The disease kills

:19:05.:19:07.

around 580,000 people a year. Young children, pregnant women

:19:08.:19:13.

and non-immune travellers from malaria-free areas are particularly

:19:14.:19:16.

vulnerable to the disease. Malaria is preventable and curable,

:19:17.:19:20.

and increased efforts are dramatically reducing

:19:21.:19:22.

the malaria burden in many places. Between 2000 and 2015, malaria

:19:23.:19:26.

incidence fell by 37% globally. Sub-Saharan Africa carries

:19:27.:19:32.

a disproportionately high share In 2015, the region was home to 89%

:19:33.:19:36.

of malaria cases and 91% I have been speaking to a biologist

:19:37.:19:56.

at the malaria research Institute in Baltimore. He explains why this

:19:57.:20:02.

development is so significant. It's a proof of principle study of a

:20:03.:20:07.

technology that can be used to spread malaria resistance genes in

:20:08.:20:12.

Muskie to populations. Thereby, that the mosque eateries that are capable

:20:13.:20:20.

of committing -- capable of transmitting malaria. This is a self

:20:21.:20:25.

propagating systems that can propagate itself on its own. And

:20:26.:20:29.

thereby protect a large number of people from infections.

:20:30.:20:34.

So, by self propagating you mean once you have done this to a

:20:35.:20:37.

mosquito its offspring are then free of malaria?

:20:38.:20:42.

That's right, the offspring become free of malaria and the offspring of

:20:43.:20:46.

those offspring become free of malaria. The beauty is it is self

:20:47.:20:51.

propagating. It will protect the entire human population without any

:20:52.:20:57.

participation. People will not have to use drugs or bed nets or make any

:20:58.:21:03.

changes in their lifestyle, really. It's only been tested in the lab.

:21:04.:21:07.

How far away are we from putting this into practice in the real

:21:08.:21:10.

world? It will take a few more years for

:21:11.:21:14.

that. The system needs to be refined. The genetic drive system

:21:15.:21:24.

that Doctor James and his co-workers presented in a recent paper, but

:21:25.:21:28.

also the resistant genes that are propelled by this genetic drive

:21:29.:21:33.

system have to be refined and optimised. It is very important that

:21:34.:21:39.

the first trials will be successful. Are there any drawbacks? Is there

:21:40.:21:43.

any thing that worries you about what the process has to face further

:21:44.:21:47.

down the line? Not really. There is really no

:21:48.:21:53.

scenario I can think of that would lead to any adverse effects in terms

:21:54.:21:59.

of the populations that live in the areas where these mosquitos will be

:22:00.:22:08.

used. The only possible adverse will be that the parasite will develop

:22:09.:22:13.

resistance to the genes we are spreading in the mosquito

:22:14.:22:16.

population. Then we would have to think of another strategy of

:22:17.:22:19.

blocking the parasite and that is the same thing that happens with

:22:20.:22:23.

drugs, for example. There must be millions of people

:22:24.:22:26.

looking at this research with such great hope that it could be a

:22:27.:22:30.

permanent breakthrough in the fight against malaria. Could it mean the

:22:31.:22:35.

end of the disease entirely? I don't think it could mean the end

:22:36.:22:39.

of the disease on its own. This strategy will not work on its own.

:22:40.:22:44.

Like all malaria control strategies, it will work better in certain

:22:45.:22:49.

areas. It will have to be combined with other new or existing malaria

:22:50.:22:57.

control strategies such as the use of bed nets, insecticides or drugs.

:22:58.:23:01.

The war against malaria cannot be won with a single weapon like this,

:23:02.:23:06.

but like any war one would have to use multiple weapons to attack this

:23:07.:23:08.

terrible disease. The American actor Patricia Arquette

:23:09.:23:10.

highlighted the problem of sexism in Hollywood when she called for pay

:23:11.:23:13.

equality in her Oscar acceptance She discusses what happened

:23:14.:23:16.

afterwards. So, we happened to get all

:23:17.:23:41.

of this data out of that that had to It also revealed that other

:23:42.:23:44.

departments, Editors and sound mixers and all

:23:45.:23:51.

kinds of different things where And I've talked to many agents,

:23:52.:23:57.

managers, lawyers in the business and they all

:23:58.:24:02.

say, well, we always know they don't You always know that are not going

:24:03.:24:06.

to budget as much After my speech,

:24:07.:24:13.

I went somewhere and a sound mixer "My boss called me in

:24:14.:24:28.

and gave me a raise the next day. "I'd been making so much less than

:24:29.:24:36.

my male co-workers for so long." Now, if women take action, the

:24:37.:24:54.

company has to prove that they were Meaning they have to say to the

:24:55.:25:03.

woman, no, we paid you less because you don't have a diploma or you sell

:25:04.:25:09.

less of this product or you've They have to show

:25:10.:25:13.

a tangible reason why they can pay this woman less than her white male

:25:14.:25:17.

counterpoint in the same job. We will leave that there to update

:25:18.:25:31.

you on the breaking news we have had in the last few minutes. In the last

:25:32.:25:37.

few minutes, that hostage situation in the northern French town near

:25:38.:25:41.

Belgium, about one hour west of Brussels, there are some pictures

:25:42.:25:47.

emerging of the scene but very few details. All we know via Warner news

:25:48.:25:52.

agency, Reuters, is that medical services there are staying several

:25:53.:25:58.

people have gone wins in that hostage situation in northern

:25:59.:26:00.

France. We don't know if it was linked to what we have seen in the

:26:01.:26:04.

Paris attacks. We will keep you updated here on World News Today.

:26:05.:26:14.

Eastern areas will have much more in the way of sunshine compared with

:26:15.:26:18.

today, but it will be chilly at

:26:19.:26:19.

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