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A Russian warplane is shot down by Turkey on the border with Syria.
The pilots parachuted out but there are conflicting reports
Turkey says the jet was flying over Turkey's territory. Russia denies
that. Today's event is a stab in the back
that has been given to us by accomplices of
Turkey's president Erdogan said shooting
down a Russian plane was completely in line with rules of engagement.
Also coming up, France's prosecutor says the man who
planned the Paris attacks went back to the scenes of the killings,
while the siege at the Bataclan concert hall was still underway.
Could a genetically modified mosquito be the key to stopping
President Putin has warned that Turkey's shooting down of a Russian
warplane on the Turkish-Syrian border will have serious
He described what happened as a "stab in the back" committed
The Turkish authorities say its fighter planes targetted the
Russian aircraft after its pilots repeatedly ignored warnings that it
Moscow insists the plane had always been over Syrian territory.
The two man crew ejected before the plane came down
There are still conflicting reports about their fate.
In a moment, the latest on the Russian response.
But first, Mark Lowen reports from Istanbul.
Hit mid air and collapsing into flames.
A Russian jet plunges through the skies above the Turkey Syria border.
Downed by a Turkish strike, the plane is consumed by fire.
It is the cost, says Turkey, of Russia violating its airspace.
Just visible, the parachutes of the two pilots escaping the crash.
Russian helicopters were sent in to search for them, but Syrian rebels
Turkey immediately released an image which it says shows
The flight path appears to cross Syria's border into Turkey.
The Turkish Prime Minister insisted his country had simply carried out
its rules of engagement, and the Russian plane had been
We have never been a country which had designs against another country.
But everyone should know that Turkey has the right to respond
if it airspace is violated, despite repeated warnings.
This is what everyone feared might happen
when Russia began military action in Syria.
That a crowded airspace and rival allegiances could provoke
This is not just Turkey against Russia.
Ankara is a vital Nato member and has been military alliance
The fear is that this could now escalate fast.
In recent days, Russia has targeted this minority, the Syrian Turkmens.
A Turkic speaking ethnic group, they have been fighting
against the Assad regime and are strongly supported by Ankara.
They say their fighters shot and killed the Russian pilots.
But the Turkish authorities say that isn't true,
and that both pilots are alive and they are trying to get to them.
Like a fireball in the sky, the first time a Russian jet has
been shot down by a Nato member in over half a century.
In Syria, this is the heart of Russia's military operation.
This month, the Russians gave us rare access
They told us their war on terror was going according to plan.
But they hadn't planned on Turkey shooting down one of their planes.
When it came, the Kremlin's reaction was a mixture of disbelief and fury.
We have been stabbed in the back by the accomplices of terrorism.
There will be serious consequences for Turkey.
Vladimir Putin is known for his strong language.
But it doesn't get much stronger than this.
Equating Turkey with terrorist, Nato with Islamic State, and
pledging that Russia would not stand by while such crimes are committed.
Moscow insists it is air force is operating solely over Syria,
and that the fighter jets shot down today had not crossed into Turkey.
But Russian jets have strayed into Turkish airspace before.
Those violations recorded at Nato's command centre.
Last month, the alliance accused Moscow of irresponsible behaviour.
But where does today's incidents leave relations between Russia
Never for the last... probably 50 years, did we have
anything as significant in terms of Russia Nato air confrontation,
Back at Russia's airspace there's a message on this bomb.
Moscow insists its air strikes are all about destroying international
terrorism, and that the shooting down of one of its jets
With me is Olga Ivshina from the BBC's Russian Service.
Before we talk about Russian reaction, do we have any more detail
about what happened to the pirates? The destiny of one pilot is now
known for sure because it has been acknowledged he was killed. We still
don't know what happened to the second pilot because there are
conflicting reports over his destiny. He might be captured or he
might be dead while he was using his parachute. But there is also other
developments because the Russian minister -- Russian Minister of
defence acknowledged its lost a Russian helicopter which it sent to
rescue the men. We've heard fury
rescue the men. We've also heard talk of
consequences. We have had We've also heard talk of
response, the military We've also heard talk of
been suspended. Are we expecting more?
There will be a serious response from officials and a serious freeze
in relations because the Foreign Minister of Russia has cancelled his
visit to Turkey. The Russian parliament called for the suspension
of all relations with Turkey. Bearing in mind that this there are
specific economic ties between Russia and Turkey, there is a
significant oppressions -- presence of Turkish businessman in Russia. I
think these areas will be damaged significantly. The Russian tourist
agency has already urged Russian tourists not to go to Turkey any
more. Potentially a lot to lose on both
sides. Before this happened, what revelations like?
For years, it was close relations. Especially economic link. That was
very strong. There was a gas pipeline being built. There were a
lots of minor relations in business, especially in some Muslim regions.
Turkish business was quite significant. Turkey was the second
most popular location for Russian tourists for years. Especially
bearing in mind the situation in Egypt, many were thinking to go to
Turkey. If there were members of Nato hoping
to bring Russia closer in the operation against Islamic State
group, this is a big potential setback.
This could be a pivotal point in the story and it definitely shows how
big the price is when there is a lack of corporation between powers.
Today in Russian media we saw a lot of criticism towards Nato. What is
interesting is they are criticising everyone except for France. Now we
know that and the French President is in the United States. France may
be the peacekeeper that is able to bring everyone together because
definitely there is a huge need for a co-ordinated action by joint
forces in order to oppose Isis. Thank you.
A short time ago I spoke to the BBC's Selin Girit in Istanbul
and asked her about what's been said in Turkey.
The Turkish President in the last half an hour was live
He repeated the earlier statements coming out
Suggesting that the Russian aeroplane was in clear
The Prime Minister repeated that and he said everyone had to
respects Turkey's right to defend its borders.
So, Turkey is insisting that there was
This was a claim also repeated by the premise to earlier in the day.
And they are saying it is Turkish government's duty
And its territory. Which got a response from the US when Obama said
Turkey had the right to defend its borders as well. That is the liner
Turkey is insisting at the moment. There are conflicting reports about
the fate of the pilots and that will be crucial about how this recent
crisis will be escalated or de-escalated. The tone of the
statements coming out from Turkey and Syria will be very crucial as
well. Putin was taking a hard line approach towards Turkey, serious
accusations he made. But we haven't seen that kind of hardline rhetoric
from the mouth of the Turkish President, who is not necessarily
known for mild attitudes. So, we can observe that. Turkey is trying to
keep things, at the moment. President Obama met with
France's President Hollande today After the meeting he spoke
about the downing of the Russian warplane and about the fight
against the Islamic State group. Our North America Editor,
Jon Sopel was there. Barack Obama started by saying that
of course Turkey has the right to defend its own airspace. But also
made a plea that this should not escalate any further. But he did say
that the Russians were taking a risk in operating so close to the Turkish
border. And that exacerbated the situation. And also making the case
that they want Russia to be part of the coalition that is fighting
against Islamic State, but not all the other rebel groups. So, you cant
help and sense, almost, the level of anxiety that where this could lead
to next as a reaction by the Turks shooting down that Russian jet. We
have heard the rhetorical reaction from Moscow. We wait to see what the
reaction of them might be. More widely, what has President
Hollande been hoping to achieve? Is he likely to have got it?
I think he probably has. It was a stepping up of the action that is
being taken. Not a completely new literary strategy. No one is talking
about putting tens of thousands of troops on the ground to try to
retake Raqqa. They are talking about an intensification of the
bombardment and going after a wider scope of targets, greater
intelligence sharing. On all of that, Barack Obama and Francois
Hollande seem to be standing shoulder to shoulder. Hollande will
not go to see Angela Merkel and tomorrow -- Holland will go and see
Angela Merkel tomorrow and Vladimir Putin on Friday.
One line on Reuters to tell you about. A hostage situation is being
talked about in a northern French town near Belgium. Several with
gunshot wounds. That is coming from medical services. Just one line
coming from Reuters about a hostage situation in the northern French
town near Belgium with several people suffering gunshot wounds. We
will update you with anything more that comes out. We don't know if
this is connected to anything we have been feeling in recent days, or
completely separate. A hostage situation in the north of friends
near Belgium. Well, as we've been hearing,
French President Francois Hollande is in Washington trying to build
support in the fight against In a moment we'll speak to our Paris
Correspondent, but in the latest development the French interior
minister, Bernard Cazeneuve, has announced the first round of charges
to be filed against suspects thought to have been involved
in the November 13th attacks. He said that since the attacks,
more than 1,230 searches In those raids,
police had seized 230 weapons. Although he didn't clarify what
sort of arms they were, he did He also announced that 124 people
had been charged, though we are still waiting to hear
the exact nature of those charges. The BBC's Paris correspondent Hugh
Schofield can give us the latest. Hearing from the prosecutor a short
while ago, a number of lines are emerging?
Not very detailed, but some of it interesting. First of all I pick out
the fact that one man has been placed under investigation for
terrorist relating charges. This is the man who rented out the flat in
Saint Denis to the alleged ringleader of the attack. The flat
was raided and the alleged ringleader, Abdelhamid Abaaoud, was
killed along with cue others. He was seen on French television on the
morning of the raid saying I know nothing, I just let the people have
my flat. The police don't believe him entirely. He has been in custody
and is now being charged on terrorist offences because the
police do not believe he could not have known the people were linked to
the terrorist attacks. There is also an interesting detail about the
third body found in the raid on the flat. If your member, in the flat in
Saint Denis were found the remains of the ringleader, his cousin and a
third person. They now think the third person was one of the gunmen
at the bars and terraces, the cafes, in that gang that carried out the
shootings that. They believe this person was an accomplice that works
with the ringleader on that night. Another further detail, rather grim,
Abdelhamid Abaaoud it is alleged part in the shootings and then drove
the car with this accomplice out to a suburb and came back on the Metro
to the scene of the crime. He arrived back on the Metro and is
seen on video on the train. He comes back and walks to near the Bataclan
where he knows that his other team are inside having killed many people
and waiting for the police to intervene. There seems to be this
urge to bring him back to the crime and walk among the crowd and see
what was happening. Thank you, we will leave it there.
Let's update you on about one line from Reuters that we had about a
hostage situation in northern France. That is all we have so far.
It is in the northern French town. There is a hostage situation and
several people have gunshot wounds. We don't know if that is the
micro-if there is any -- we don't know if there is any relation to the
Paris attacks or recent events in Belgium. We will keep you up to
date. A Pakistani-born man who plotted
terror attacks across several countries has been
jailed for 40 years in the US. 29-year-old Abid Naseer
had been extradited from the UK. He'd plotted to bomb
Manchester's Arndale Centre here Other planned targets were the
New York subway system and We are getting reports from Tunisia
that an explosion has hit a bus carrying presidential guards
in the capital, Tunis. An interior ministry spokesman
has been quoted saying at least 12 people had been killed and more
than a dozen others wounded. The cause of the blast was
not immediately clear. Bed nets, repellent, insecticides -
massive resources and intensive effort go into trying to ward off
the mosquitos that carry malaria. But what about going to the problem
at source - what if you could take Scientists in the US say they've
done just that - breeding a genetically modified mosquito
that can resist malaria infection. We'll talk to an expert
on this life-threatening disease in a moment, but first just a reminder
of how many of us this affects. About 3.2 billion people, almost
half of the world's population, The disease kills
around 580,000 people a year. Young children, pregnant women
and non-immune travellers from malaria-free areas are particularly
vulnerable to the disease. Malaria is preventable and curable,
and increased efforts are dramatically reducing
the malaria burden in many places. Between 2000 and 2015, malaria
incidence fell by 37% globally. Sub-Saharan Africa carries
a disproportionately high share In 2015, the region was home to 89%
of malaria cases and 91% I have been speaking to a biologist
at the malaria research Institute in Baltimore. He explains why this
development is so significant. It's a proof of principle study of a
technology that can be used to spread malaria resistance genes in
Muskie to populations. Thereby, that the mosque eateries that are capable
of committing -- capable of transmitting malaria. This is a self
propagating systems that can propagate itself on its own. And
thereby protect a large number of people from infections.
So, by self propagating you mean once you have done this to a
mosquito its offspring are then free of malaria?
That's right, the offspring become free of malaria and the offspring of
those offspring become free of malaria. The beauty is it is self
propagating. It will protect the entire human population without any
participation. People will not have to use drugs or bed nets or make any
changes in their lifestyle, really. It's only been tested in the lab.
How far away are we from putting this into practice in the real
world? It will take a few more years for
that. The system needs to be refined. The genetic drive system
that Doctor James and his co-workers presented in a recent paper, but
also the resistant genes that are propelled by this genetic drive
system have to be refined and optimised. It is very important that
the first trials will be successful. Are there any drawbacks? Is there
any thing that worries you about what the process has to face further
down the line? Not really. There is really no
scenario I can think of that would lead to any adverse effects in terms
of the populations that live in the areas where these mosquitos will be
used. The only possible adverse will be that the parasite will develop
resistance to the genes we are spreading in the mosquito
population. Then we would have to think of another strategy of
blocking the parasite and that is the same thing that happens with
drugs, for example. There must be millions of people
looking at this research with such great hope that it could be a
permanent breakthrough in the fight against malaria. Could it mean the
end of the disease entirely? I don't think it could mean the end
of the disease on its own. This strategy will not work on its own.
Like all malaria control strategies, it will work better in certain
areas. It will have to be combined with other new or existing malaria
control strategies such as the use of bed nets, insecticides or drugs.
The war against malaria cannot be won with a single weapon like this,
but like any war one would have to use multiple weapons to attack this
terrible disease. The American actor Patricia Arquette
highlighted the problem of sexism in Hollywood when she called for pay
equality in her Oscar acceptance She discusses what happened
afterwards. So, we happened to get all
of this data out of that that had to It also revealed that other
departments, Editors and sound mixers and all
kinds of different things where And I've talked to many agents,
managers, lawyers in the business and they all
say, well, we always know they don't You always know that are not going
to budget as much After my speech,
I went somewhere and a sound mixer "My boss called me in
and gave me a raise the next day. "I'd been making so much less than
my male co-workers for so long." Now, if women take action, the
company has to prove that they were Meaning they have to say to the
woman, no, we paid you less because you don't have a diploma or you sell
less of this product or you've They have to show
a tangible reason why they can pay this woman less than her white male
counterpoint in the same job. We will leave that there to update
you on the breaking news we have had in the last few minutes. In the last
few minutes, that hostage situation in the northern French town near
Belgium, about one hour west of Brussels, there are some pictures
emerging of the scene but very few details. All we know via Warner news
agency, Reuters, is that medical services there are staying several
people have gone wins in that hostage situation in northern
France. We don't know if it was linked to what we have seen in the
Paris attacks. We will keep you updated here on World News Today.
Eastern areas will have much more in the way of sunshine compared with
today, but it will be chilly at