25/11/2015 World News Today


25/11/2015

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Tension is high between Russia and Turkey. Russia says it has shot down

:00:12.:00:20.

a pilot on Tuesday. He said he was given no warning and was flying over

:00:21.:00:24.

Syrian terraces -- territory. Turkey said it tried to warn the Jets ten

:00:25.:00:31.

times. -- the jet. Human error, systems failures and fatigue, a US

:00:32.:00:41.

military investigation says that is what caused an American air strike

:00:42.:00:46.

on a hospital in Afghanistan which killed at least 30 people. On his

:00:47.:00:50.

first official visit to Africa Pope Francis calls on Kenyan is to work

:00:51.:00:55.

for peace and reconciliation. Also coming up, we are not out of

:00:56.:01:00.

November but already 2015 is set to become the hottest year on record.

:01:01.:01:01.

We look at what might be the cause. In the last

:01:02.:01:29.

border, the latest response from an car saying the Russian jets were

:01:30.:01:31.

warned ten times. -- from and Cara. Both countries disagree on whether

:01:32.:01:47.

planes were when they came down. Turkey released a map suggesting the

:01:48.:01:51.

Russian plane costs the southern tip of its border, marked in blue, for

:01:52.:01:57.

17 seconds. But Russia responded with its own radar image saying at

:01:58.:02:01.

no point did that Russian jet, in red, across the broader, while a

:02:02.:02:07.

Turkish plane, in blue, did. Steve Rosenberg reports on the latest

:02:08.:02:14.

reaction from Moscow and Ankara. In flames and out of control,

:02:15.:02:18.

Russian promptly Mac bomber plummets to earth and crashes in Syria, shot

:02:19.:02:25.

down by a Turkish fighter jet. The two pilot parachuted out. One was

:02:26.:02:30.

killed. But could Russia find the other soldier and bring him home? 12

:02:31.:02:36.

hour search, the Russian military release these images. The captain

:02:37.:02:41.

had been rescued. Hiding his face from the camera, he spoke to

:02:42.:02:46.

journalists. I can't wait to get back to my duties, he told them, it

:02:47.:02:50.

is my duty to avenge the killing of my commander. Back in Russia,

:02:51.:02:56.

President Putin announced that the captain would receive a state award

:02:57.:03:00.

for bravery, and there would be posthumous awards for the dead pilot

:03:01.:03:04.

and a Russian Ream killed in the rescue operation. Outside the

:03:05.:03:10.

Defence Ministry tonight, Russians came to pay their respects. These

:03:11.:03:16.

are the first confirmed deaths of Russian soldiers in combat in

:03:17.:03:20.

Syria. Today Moscow made it clear it doesn't want to go to war with

:03:21.:03:24.

Turkey over what happened to its aircraft and its soldiers. But it

:03:25.:03:28.

described the shooting down of the jet as a deliberate planned act, and

:03:29.:03:37.

ambush. But Ankara insists this was Moscow's fault, and that the Russian

:03:38.:03:42.

jet violated Turkish airspace. Today the Turkish president said his

:03:43.:03:46.

country didn't want an escalation. We are just the defending our

:03:47.:03:52.

security, he said. But Turkey is also defending these people, the

:03:53.:03:57.

Turkmen. They are Syrians of Turkish descent. Russia has been carrying

:03:58.:04:00.

out air strikes here claiming there are terrorists in the area. Just a

:04:01.:04:05.

few days ago Turkey told Russia to stop the bombing here. Russians,

:04:06.:04:12.

though, are in no mood to listen. In Moscow, this crowd attacked the

:04:13.:04:17.

Turkish embassy with eggs and rocks. Furious that Turkey had shot down a

:04:18.:04:21.

Russian bomber. They are chancing "we won't forget or forget".

:04:22.:04:29.

The BBC's Mark Owen is in Istanbul. I asked him if the angry words

:04:30.:04:35.

between the countries were being toned down. It is starting to look

:04:36.:04:40.

more conciliatory today, the president gave an address today

:04:41.:04:45.

saying it is not Turkey's aim to get into conflict with any country. He

:04:46.:04:50.

wants to de-escalate the crisis, but he insisted Turkey still has the

:04:51.:04:53.

right to defend its airspace, which has been echoed by President Obama

:04:54.:04:58.

and the Nato Secretary General, the UN... But clearly there is

:04:59.:05:02.

diplomatic pressure on both sides here to try to pull back, in the

:05:03.:05:09.

hope that they will see the United front forming against Islamic State

:05:10.:05:14.

as more of a priority, because in recent weeks after the Paris

:05:15.:05:17.

attacks, after the Russian airliner was brought down by the bomber over

:05:18.:05:24.

Sinai, there was a move to some kind of grand coalition involving Russia,

:05:25.:05:29.

Turkey and the West, in trying to fight Islamic State, and there is

:05:30.:05:34.

the fear that this play up yesterday could destabilise that. On top of

:05:35.:05:38.

that, you have the bilateral relationship which is now clearly in

:05:39.:05:44.

crisis, a very harsh word from President Hu tinkling Turkey and a

:05:45.:05:49.

compass of terror, warning of grave consequences, and some moves towards

:05:50.:05:53.

stepping that up. The Russian Foreign Ministry has advised against

:05:54.:05:57.

tourists visiting Turkey, military cooperation between Ankara Moscow

:05:58.:06:01.

suspended for now, so clearly a grave situation here, but the hope

:06:02.:06:07.

that in the long term, this escalation can be averted by trying

:06:08.:06:12.

to focus both these countries on the greater threat, I suppose, of

:06:13.:06:17.

Islamic State. Are we any closer to understanding why Turkey took this

:06:18.:06:21.

section of shooting down the jet? It was on its territory, we hear, only

:06:22.:06:27.

17 seconds. It was very quick, the violation, as far as Turkey is

:06:28.:06:31.

concerned, they Moscow denies any violation. I think there are two

:06:32.:06:37.

reasons, firstly Turkey was frankly very irritated last month when there

:06:38.:06:52.

were Russian violations of its airspace, it warned Russia against

:06:53.:06:55.

that and had to escort a Russian jet out of Turkish airspace last month,

:06:56.:06:57.

so said this was coming, and Russia defied and ignore the warnings.

:06:58.:06:59.

Secondly, Turkey feels the Turkmen, the ethnic Turk minority in Syria

:07:00.:07:03.

fighting against Assad's regime, Turkey feels closely linked to that,

:07:04.:07:08.

they have been targeted by Russian air strikes recently, fled to the

:07:09.:07:10.

Turkish border, Turkey feels a strong ethnic link with them and

:07:11.:07:14.

feels the need to step in and try to defend them. The question now is how

:07:15.:07:20.

Moscow will respond. All eyes are on the grand chess master the Kremlin

:07:21.:07:27.

to see his next move. French President Francois Hollande

:07:28.:07:30.

has held a joint news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel

:07:31.:07:34.

talking about how to combat the Islamic State group following the

:07:35.:07:37.

Paris attacks, but they have also spoken about this incident, the

:07:38.:07:42.

shooting down of the Russian jet. Let's tell you what Francois

:07:43.:07:47.

Hollande said. He said "we must all work to ensure the situation

:07:48.:07:54.

de-escalates". They are keen like other countries to enter the

:07:55.:07:57.

situation doesn't get more tense. He will hold talks in Moscow on

:07:58.:08:02.

Thursday with the Russian President Vladimir Putin, so both leaders

:08:03.:08:07.

saying they must all work to ensure that the shooting down of the

:08:08.:08:11.

Russian jet by Turkey does not escalate further.

:08:12.:08:16.

Eight US military investigation into an American air strike on a hospital

:08:17.:08:20.

in Afghanistan has found it was caused by human error, procedure

:08:21.:08:26.

failures and technical faults. The strike Englanders killed at least 30

:08:27.:08:31.

people. It was described as a war crime -- England as province. Forces

:08:32.:08:39.

in Afghanistan said the tragedy was avoidable. The report determined the

:08:40.:08:44.

US strike upon the hospital in Afghanistan was a direct result of

:08:45.:08:50.

human error compounded by systems and procedural failures. US forces

:08:51.:08:54.

directly involved in this incident did not know the targeted compound

:08:55.:09:01.

was the MSF trauma centre. The medical facility was misidentified

:09:02.:09:05.

as a target by US personnel who believed they were striking a

:09:06.:09:08.

different building several hundred meters away where there were reports

:09:09.:09:13.

of combatants. The report also determined that the personnel who

:09:14.:09:17.

requested the strike and those who executed it from the air did not

:09:18.:09:21.

undertake the appropriate measures to verify that the facility was a

:09:22.:09:27.

legitimate military target. General John Campbell. Barbara Kurt Ashya is

:09:28.:09:32.

in Washington and told us what measures the US will take to avoid a

:09:33.:09:37.

repeat of something like this. General Campbell stressing he had

:09:38.:09:44.

taken steps to make immediate changes to ensure these failures

:09:45.:09:48.

would not happen again. We got a bit of detail about that. For example

:09:49.:09:54.

this involves reviewing their targeting process, ensuring

:09:55.:09:57.

everybody is trained in the targeting process, and looking at

:09:58.:10:01.

the development and use of no strike lists, lists of buildings that

:10:02.:10:04.

shouldn't be struck because they should be protected for whatever

:10:05.:10:10.

reason, safe zones. But the catalogue of errors he described, a

:10:11.:10:13.

perfect storm of errors, was such that I think the action taken by the

:10:14.:10:17.

US military will have that I think the action taken by the

:10:18.:10:22.

this couldn't happen again, because it was a really tragic and awful

:10:23.:10:27.

mistake. Brussels is emerging from four days

:10:28.:10:33.

of lockdown. Schools and Metro stations are reopening. For four

:10:34.:10:36.

days there were closed with fears of a Paris style attack imminent. The

:10:37.:10:39.

city is still on high alert with armed police expected on the streets

:10:40.:10:43.

until next Monday. Chris Morris reports.

:10:44.:10:52.

At 6am, the first Metro train since last Friday. The transport network

:10:53.:10:58.

coming back to life. Brussels is still on high alert, the threat of

:10:59.:11:02.

attacks serious and imminent. There were mixed emotions when people

:11:03.:11:08.

arrived at this city Centre Station. Does it feel like things are back to

:11:09.:11:15.

normal? Identity so, we are still really scared. Today is good, there

:11:16.:11:19.

were a lot of people in the street so it is better. You are not scared?

:11:20.:11:23.

I am not scared, we shouldn't be scared. If we are scared, they win.

:11:24.:11:32.

The school run was back as well, parents dropping off kids amidst

:11:33.:11:36.

additional security, provided by hundreds of armed police. There were

:11:37.:11:41.

handshakes and there was reassurance. This is what life

:11:42.:11:44.

should look like, but there was also a tinge of anxiety. She said, I am

:11:45.:11:51.

worried, but you just have to get on with things. And on one of

:11:52.:11:57.

Brussels's main thoroughfares, sirens and shopping all at

:11:58.:12:01.

Brussels's main thoroughfares, time. So plenty of security, still,

:12:02.:12:04.

but the feel of this city beginning to get

:12:05.:12:09.

but the feel of this city beginning very concerned about the fact that

:12:10.:12:13.

nearly two weeks now after the attacks in Paris, the main surviving

:12:14.:12:15.

suspects have yet to be caught. We suspects have yet to be caught. We

:12:16.:12:20.

have known about this man, Salah Abdeslam, since shortly after the

:12:21.:12:24.

Paris attacks. He was there, but is now on the run. Now Belgian

:12:25.:12:32.

authorities have named the second suspect, Mohamed Abrini, seen here

:12:33.:12:35.

at a petrol station en route to Paris two days before the attacks.

:12:36.:12:36.

He is described as Paris two days before the attacks.

:12:37.:12:41.

dangerous. We have to find out as soon as possible these terrorists,

:12:42.:12:45.

these people who are putting fear in the minds of whole populations. And

:12:46.:12:54.

is working life resumes here, people are uncomfortably aware that there

:12:55.:12:57.

will be others still seeking to attack at random.

:12:58.:13:05.

Let's take you through some of the day's avenues. So-called Islamic

:13:06.:13:09.

State has claimed responsibility for Tuesday's attack on a bus in

:13:10.:13:14.

Tunisia's T in years. They say a member blew himself up on the bus.

:13:15.:13:18.

Another 12 people killed have all been identified as presidential

:13:19.:13:23.

guards. President Obama has told Americans every possible step is

:13:24.:13:25.

being taken to keep the Americans every possible step is

:13:26.:13:29.

as many prepared to travel for Thanksgiving. He said there was no

:13:30.:13:33.

credible intelligence to indicate a terror plot

:13:34.:13:34.

credible intelligence to indicate a States at this time but he

:13:35.:13:40.

understood people were anxious. The Gambian President has banned female

:13:41.:13:44.

genital mutilation, saying it is not Islamic. According to Unicef three

:13:45.:13:49.

quarters of the female population in Gambia have had the procedure.

:13:50.:13:53.

Anti-FGM campaigners said it was not clear whether a law would be passed

:13:54.:13:56.

to enable the man to be passed to enable the man to being forced.

:13:57.:14:01.

Pope Francis is making his first official visit to Africa. He landed

:14:02.:14:06.

in Kenya a few hours ago and is scheduled to visit Uganda and the

:14:07.:14:10.

Central African Republic. He aims to bring a message of peace and

:14:11.:14:14.

reconciliation the continent, but security concerns are so high he

:14:15.:14:18.

might be forced to make changes to his itinerary. In a speech did union

:14:19.:14:22.

officials and diplomats in Nairobi he urged all Kenyans to work

:14:23.:14:26.

together for peace and forgiveness. Let's go to Nairobi. What sort of

:14:27.:14:36.

reception to the pontiff get? People have been waiting for this visit for

:14:37.:14:40.

a long time, preparing for it, and finally he is here. He was greeted

:14:41.:14:44.

in the African way at the airport with a lot of dancing and

:14:45.:14:51.

celebration and in Nairobi he delivered his speech, where he

:14:52.:14:55.

called for reconciliation and tolerance, something that will be

:14:56.:14:59.

welcomed by many in this country. During this visit is expected to

:15:00.:15:03.

meet different groups including the slim and Hindu leaders, and we

:15:04.:15:10.

believe the message will be that of tolerance and reconciliation between

:15:11.:15:13.

religious groups. How excited the country about this visit? Very

:15:14.:15:19.

excited. Kenya has considerably large population of Roman Catholics,

:15:20.:15:25.

about third of Kenyans have been baptised Roman Catholics, it is

:15:26.:15:28.

still a majority Christian country with 84% of people saying they are

:15:29.:15:34.

Christians. So to a large extent this is a very welcome visit. He

:15:35.:15:39.

will meet other two nominations of Christian leaders as well. And he

:15:40.:15:43.

will be celebrating Mass here in Nairobi where we are told of 2

:15:44.:15:49.

million people will attend. We were hearing a little about security

:15:50.:15:53.

concerns, do we know to what extent those have affected the schedule

:15:54.:16:00.

planned? Well, security is very, very tight. We have been asking this

:16:01.:16:05.

question because this city has been rocked with attacks especially from

:16:06.:16:09.

militant groups in the past, and so roads have been closed because of

:16:10.:16:15.

the Pope's visit, and indeed the government declared on Thursday,

:16:16.:16:18.

tomorrow, and national holiday, so people will stay at home, and I

:16:19.:16:22.

believe this is to ease traffic so he can move around more freely. He

:16:23.:16:27.

will go to Uganda after his visit to Kenny, that is on Friday, then to

:16:28.:16:32.

the Central African Republic, and despair that there have been

:16:33.:16:36.

concerns for security raised, given the situation on the ground. And,

:16:37.:16:42.

thank you very much. Chicago police say they have

:16:43.:16:45.

arrested 5% is as during overnight demonstrations triggered by a video

:16:46.:16:51.

of the police shooting last year. -- five suspects. The video shows a

:16:52.:16:55.

black teenager being shot 16 times. The officer has been charged with

:16:56.:17:00.

murder, the first on duty Sicard golf face such a charge. Sarah

:17:01.:17:06.

Campbell has this. -- on duty Chicago officer.

:17:07.:17:09.

October 2014, Chicago officers called to a report that he used with

:17:10.:17:14.

a knife is breaking into cars. -- camp footage shows the time.

:17:15.:17:19.

17-year-old MacDonald can be seen running down the middle-of-the-road.

:17:20.:17:23.

On the left of the picture officer Jason Van Dyke and a colleague

:17:24.:17:27.

arrive on the scene. It is approximately six seconds between

:17:28.:17:40.

him leaving the car and shooting teenager. In scenes too graphic to

:17:41.:17:42.

show he continues to shoot while the young man lies on the ground. Police

:17:43.:17:45.

investigators later recovered 16 fired cartridge cases from the scene

:17:46.:17:47.

and the Noi State police determined all those cartridge cases were fired

:17:48.:17:50.

from Officer van Dyck's weapon. Jason van Dijk appeared in court

:17:51.:17:54.

yesterday charged with first-degree murder, and the -- camp footage was

:17:55.:17:57.

released under orders from the judge short time later. I understand

:17:58.:18:04.

people will be upset and want to protest when they see this video.

:18:05.:18:09.

But I would like to echo the comments of the MacDonald family.

:18:10.:18:13.

They have asked for calm and for those who choose to speak out to do

:18:14.:18:19.

it peacefully. CHANTING. So far it appears the appeals for

:18:20.:18:23.

calm had been listened to, with a few hundred possessed is on the

:18:24.:18:27.

streets of Chicago last night but fewer arrests. Tensions are high

:18:28.:18:31.

across the United States after a series of high-profile shootings by

:18:32.:18:38.

police of African-American youths. MacDonald had been carrying a 3 inch

:18:39.:18:42.

knife when he was shot. Officer van Dyck's lawyer says the footage

:18:43.:18:46.

doesn't tell the full story. I believe my client's conduct has been

:18:47.:18:52.

described as hideous. I would state that those comments are

:18:53.:18:57.

irresponsible. The jury will now have to decide whether MacDonald's

:18:58.:19:00.

actions that night should have led to his violent death.

:19:01.:19:06.

Russia's problems with Turkey have been much discussed recently, but

:19:07.:19:10.

the ongoing situation with neighbour Ukraine is causing tensions again

:19:11.:19:14.

between Kiev and Moscow. Ukraine has announced a ban on Russian aircraft

:19:15.:19:19.

from its airspace. This is as Moscow says it. Natural gas deliveries to

:19:20.:19:24.

Ukraine. Over the weekend unknown individuals blew up four electricity

:19:25.:19:28.

pylons in southern Ukraine cutting off supply to Crimea which Russia

:19:29.:19:35.

annexed last year. Stern census report.

:19:36.:19:38.

This is one of the electrical pylons blown up in the early morning hours

:19:39.:19:44.

over the weekend. No one has taken credit for this but they also

:19:45.:19:47.

brought down two of the pylons in this field and one more in another

:19:48.:19:53.

location. You can see the lines stretching along the field

:19:54.:19:58.

ultimately to the south and into Crimea off in the distance. These

:19:59.:20:03.

are the only sources of power, these four lines, for the Crimean

:20:04.:20:07.

peninsula, so when they came down the entire peninsula was plunged

:20:08.:20:11.

into darkness. Schools have been closed until the end of the month, a

:20:12.:20:16.

state of emergency has been declared. Repair work on one of the

:20:17.:20:22.

pylons has begun. Maintenance workers rebuilt it and as we speak

:20:23.:20:26.

they are preparing to raise the electrical lines. The Organisation

:20:27.:20:30.

for Security and Co-Operation in Europe is here monitoring this

:20:31.:20:36.

process. I am an observer with the special monitoring mission to

:20:37.:20:40.

Ukraine and what I am looking at right now is the restoration of the

:20:41.:20:43.

electric power lines. The work seems to be progressing but we don't know

:20:44.:20:47.

when electricity will be turned back on. The other three pylons, it is

:20:48.:20:55.

not clear. You can see this is occupied, this tent, by Crimean

:20:56.:21:00.

Tartar activists blocking the work here, and at the other location,

:21:01.:21:04.

more activists are not allowing workers to get close. But as you can

:21:05.:21:09.

see it is also a modest presence, the Crimean Tatas are just a

:21:10.:21:13.

handful, so there seems to be an understanding between the government

:21:14.:21:16.

and protesters that the workers will not try to begin repair work on the

:21:17.:21:23.

remaining pylons and restoring full electricity to Crimea.

:21:24.:21:27.

Bush fires in southern Australia have killed at least two people,

:21:28.:21:31.

here is look at the fires which are still burning less than an hour from

:21:32.:21:32.

the city of Adelaide. 2015 is set to become the hottest

:21:33.:22:28.

year on record. That is the verdict of the UN geological organisation,

:22:29.:22:34.

which says increasing greenhouse gas emissions and climate change is

:22:35.:22:39.

caused by the El Nino weather event are responsible. We have had a

:22:40.:22:42.

number of warnings this year that 2015 would be the warmest, based on

:22:43.:22:48.

data from January until October so they are showing confidence that

:22:49.:22:51.

this will be the warmest year, based on these two things, carbon dioxide

:22:52.:22:55.

emissions at a new level of 400 parts per mission earlier this

:22:56.:22:59.

year, and El Nino, which brings heat to the surface of the Pacific Ocean,

:23:00.:23:04.

these taken together putting temperatures above what is

:23:05.:23:07.

expected. El Nino is a regular event which has just been lively this

:23:08.:23:13.

year. That is right, it is the third, or in the top three most

:23:14.:23:19.

lively, strongest El Nino s since 1950, so a strong effect of that. It

:23:20.:23:24.

is estimated to be 15 or 20% of the impact on the temperature rise this

:23:25.:23:29.

year, so it is considerable, but it is not just this year but next year

:23:30.:23:34.

as well, so they expect 2016 male Serbia record year because of this

:23:35.:23:37.

continuing effect which will continue through the first half of

:23:38.:23:54.

the year. It will give people a lot to talk about in the climate

:23:55.:23:56.

conference next week. Indeed, they have plenty anyway, but this adds to

:23:57.:23:59.

it. Many reports in the next few days pointing out that emissions are

:24:00.:24:02.

high. Is that why they are coming out with this data now? I think yes,

:24:03.:24:05.

to influence policy and say, we talk about two degrees as being safe, but

:24:06.:24:08.

according to the WMO we are now 1 degrees above preindustrial levels

:24:09.:24:10.

so there isn't much to play with. So they are saying to politicians,

:24:11.:24:13.

these are the scientific facts as we see them, it is up to craft a policy

:24:14.:24:17.

to make sure we don't go beyond two degrees. Individuals and

:24:18.:24:21.

corporations will say we are doing so much to reduce emissions, carbon

:24:22.:24:26.

neutrality, solar panels, who isn't doing enough, what needs to change

:24:27.:24:30.

to really start to make a difference stop yellow huge factors are at play

:24:31.:24:35.

here, a huge number of countries rely on cold which is very carbon

:24:36.:24:40.

intensive, India and Asia are increasing coal stations and the

:24:41.:24:44.

Philippines will build 23 new ones by 2020. Many countries in the world

:24:45.:24:48.

want to industrialise which are aware of the climate problem but

:24:49.:24:54.

want to get people out of poverty. The government thinks that is the

:24:55.:24:57.

priority, so it is squaring that circle. They want to develop and

:24:58.:25:00.

have a right to develop that the Western world want them do doing it

:25:01.:25:05.

without fossil fuels. That is the not they will try to crack. Thank

:25:06.:25:09.

you. There is more information coming out

:25:10.:25:12.

why we have been on air about tension between Russia and Turkey

:25:13.:25:17.

after the shooting down yesterday by Turkey of the Russian jet, real

:25:18.:25:22.

dispute over whether it was over Turkish territory when that

:25:23.:25:24.

happened. A number of lines coming from Reuters saying the Turkish

:25:25.:25:30.

military says it made great efforts to find and rescue the Russian

:25:31.:25:36.

pilots. It also reports that the Turkish military is saying they

:25:37.:25:40.

called military authorities in Moscow and expressed their readiness

:25:41.:25:45.

for corporation. We heard a little earlier and audio recording in which

:25:46.:25:48.

the Russian plane was asked to change course immediately before it

:25:49.:25:52.

was downed near the Syrian border, but it sounds today like Turkey is

:25:53.:25:56.

trying to calm down the rhetoric little after the shooting down of

:25:57.:25:59.

that Russian debt. Thanks for being with us.

:26:00.:26:00.

Eastern areas today had some decent sunny spells.

:26:01.:26:14.

The west rather cloudy with a scattering of showers.

:26:15.:26:17.

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