26/11/2015 World News Today


26/11/2015

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This is BBC World News Today. The headline. David Cameron sets out the

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case for the UK bombing the so-called Islamic State in sites

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area. He told a parliamentary debate that doing so it's not only morally

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right but also in the interests of national security. We have to hit

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these terrorists in their heartlands right now. We must not shirk our

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responsibility for security or hand it to others. In Moscow the French

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President is meeting Vladimir Putin to push for a stronger Coalition

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against Islamic State. Coming up... Pope Francis celebrates Mass in

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Nairobi, thousands braved torrential rain to see him and Donald Trump is

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under fire at this time for marking a disabled New York Times reporter.

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Hello and welcome. Efforts to build a stronger Coalition against the

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so-called Islamic State have been given a new urgency following the

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Paris attacks. In London David Cameron told MPs that Britain has a

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moral duty to do more and leading the charge for stronger military

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action against IS militants, the French President is on a

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globetrotting mission. He is in talks with President Putin in Moscow

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who says their interests coincide. Francois Hollande began on Monday

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with two meetings in Paris, the first with David Cameron and after

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that he received at the President of the European Council. On Tuesday, he

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flew to Washington with that Racal for talks with President Obama. He

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was then visited by Angela Merkel and earlier on Thursday he met the

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Italian feminist. Bringing in the current Moscow trip, the French

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President will have met three different leaders in four days. As

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we mentioned, the British Prime Minister has been making the case

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for UK military action in Parliament. The reason for acting is

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the very direct threat that IS poses to our country and our way of life.

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Isil have attacked Ankara, Beirut and Paris as well as the likely

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blowing up of a Russian plane with 224 people on board. They have

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already taken the lives of British hostages and inspired the worst

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terrorist attack against British people since July the 7th on the

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beaches of Tunisia. Crucially they have repeatedly tried to attack us

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right here in Britain. In the last 12 months, our police and security

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services have disrupted no fewer than seven terrorist plots to attack

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the UK. Every one of which was either linked to Isil or inspired by

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the propaganda. I am in no doubt that it is in our national interest

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for action to be taken to stop them and stopping them means taking

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action in Syria because that is where their headquarters is. Within

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the past hour or so the Leader of the Opposition Labour Party, Jeremy

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Corbyn has issued a statement saying he cannot endorse REF air strikes in

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Syria and his stand is soaring up something of a furious row in Labour

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and throws into doubt the timetable for any British involvement. If that

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does happen, what impact good British military action have and

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would it make this country a bigger target for terror attacks? Ask your

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tea correspondent has this assessment.

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Syria hasn't always been at war. Just five years ago it was a popular

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tourist destination. Ruled by a largely unpopular regime.

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Then came the Arab Spring. It started as a peaceful protest by

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unarmed civilians, calling for an end to ash tear arrests and torture.

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But President Assad's regime responded with bullets and tanks and

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more torture. By April 2011, the popular up rising was already

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turning violent. New rebel groups emerged, including radical

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It became a Civil War. In 2013, Assad's forces were widely

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blamed for a mass poisonous gas attack. Over 1,000 people died. In

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2014, the so-called Islamic State seized large parts of Iraq and

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Syria. US-led air strikes on the group began. Britain joined in but

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only in Iraq. So does it make military sense to now extend British

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action into Syria? The military plan is credible in military terms and

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Britain does have something to contribute as the weapons are

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accurate, they can be used in a discriminating way. But Britain is

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not in a position to add huge numbers of aircraft or sorties.

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Syria has had air strikes for more than four years as rival forces

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battle for control of territory. The Syrian government is clinging to

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pockets of land shown in red. Then the rebel groups, moderate and

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radical, shown in light red. The Kurdish forces in yellow, have been

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fighting against Islamic State, their forces are shown in orange,

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they are spread across the border into Iraq where Britain is already

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bombing them. In Syria, the RAF can only conduct surveillance. If

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that now changes to British air strikes in Syria, what could go

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wrong? Many things could go wrong. There are so many steps that have to

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follow in sequence and as we have seen with the downing of the Russian

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warplane, that is the kind of thing that can occur and throw

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off plan. Then there is the terrorist threat

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here in Britain. IS already want to target this

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country. But after such a public debate over

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air strikes, they are thought likely to want to step up their efforts.

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Let us get more about those who are seeking to step up their efforts,

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the current meeting of the French and Russian presidents, both dealing

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with the aftermath of terrorist attacks. I have been talking to our

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Moscow correspondent about what Francois Hollande and Vladimir Putin

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are trying to achieve. Acting work closely together is what they are

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trying to achieve and that is what both men said as they spoke before

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they headed into their meeting. President Putin talking about Russia

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being ready to work together with France as part of a broader

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Coalition in Syria against Isil militants. He said that was

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necessary and Russia's position and that of France: Side. Both men

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highlighting the fact that both countries have been victims of

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serious terrorist attacks in recent weeks. Russia suffered an attack on

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a plane from Egypt and France saw the attacks in Paris. They stress

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that that compelled them to unite forces against what has been

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described as a common threat and President Putin describes it as a

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common evil. What they can actually do in practical terms, it is

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difficult to know exactly how much intelligence could be shared, how

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much proper coordination on the ground there could be, particularly

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as we know there are such differences particularly between

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Russia now and Turkey. The situation with Turkey shooting down a Russian

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fighter jet involved in Syria has complicated the situation. The talk

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between Ankara and Moscow is very strong, the rhetoric extremely

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strong, Russia including -- accusing Ankara of siding with terrorists. I

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think that makes things more complicated even though President

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Putin says he is committed to a common fight against IS. You are

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right to point that out. It has been complicated to talk about peace

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efforts in Syria but I suppose this is a meeting where the two men will

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agree that there needs to be a transition, a post President Assad

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Syria, at least pictured and some common ground there. That is

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something that Moscow has been working towards for some time.

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Certainly the Syrian Foreign Minister will be here tomorrow

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meeting with the Russian Foreign Minister. Russia has been pushing

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for a political solution inside Syria and the problem is over recent

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months about how the sides see that. I think it is important to point out

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that Russia has been stressing that it is not wedded to President Assad

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as the only possible solution in Syria. It has been saying quite

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clearly that there needs to be a transition there and that President

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Assad can go. That brings Russia closer to the position of the West

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if you like and of the French President who previously said that

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there was no way that President Assad could stay in power because he

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has been described as a rallying force for jihadist inside Syria.

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Position seem to have come together in terms of the future of President

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Assad but it is to move towards any kind of peace and to decide who will

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be around the negotiating table for any kind kind of political talks. As

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world leaders talk about Syria and intensifying the air campaign

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against IS, a big question remains about what follows. I heard from our

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chief international correspondent that it is doubted that an air

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campaign without ground troops can succeed. There has been an air

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campaign for the past year. It has made a difference in the sense that

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the Pentagon says that 20,000 members of the so-called Islamic

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State have been killed including top commanders. They had taken some

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territory but they have not pushed back Islamic State. The head of the

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campaign said it is a battle of ideas and the idea of Islamic State

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is no less brilliant for those who want to follow, its brutal tactics

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and anti-American and Arab state rhetoric. What can we do? You cannot

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win from the air, the air campaign is not intensive enough and they

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have not been hitting and they have not been hitting enough all at the?

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It is more intensive since the Paris attacks and the Russian airliner was

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brought down. You need boots on the ground but who will lay the? Western

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countries do not want boots on the ground but Arab states have not been

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lining up. The problem is everyone has a different enemy. Yes Islamic

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State is an enemy of all, but are lot of the Arab Gulf leaders are

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saying we are more worried about Iran and Yemen. Our battles are

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there. They are engaged in the war in Yemen. Turkey is worried about

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the Kurds. This is it. I spoke to some senior American officials and

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said who are you going to use? They said the Kurdish fighters who have

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been affected against IS on the Turkish border. If the Kurdish

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forces move down, Turkey is going to protest about that as will other

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opposition groups who are very well armed, because it is not just

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Islamic State on the battlefield, there are a number of groups linked

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to Al-Qaeda as well as the so-called moderates. Religious tolerance, that

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is what Pope Francis is calling for as he continues his tour of Africa.

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He held a mass at the university of Nairobi amid tight security with

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police and soldiers deployed and he met Muslim and Christian leaders in

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Kenya. Our correspondent reports from Nairobi. There was an energetic

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welcome for Pope Francis, despite the heavy rain and tight security,

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which limited the number of people gathering for a mass at the

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university of Nairobi. Thousands came to hear him speak, but not the

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1.5 million bikini and government have been predicting. Does

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nation-macro I am happy for the Pope to be in Africa and Kenya for the

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first time. He has chosen the right time to be here were we are facing a

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lot of challenges, corruption being one of them. It is his first trip to

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Africa, Kenya is just the first stop in the three country pilgrimage

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which will also take into Uganda and the Central African Republic. He was

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received by the President and went on to make a live address, televised

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the nation. All men and women of good will are called to walk for

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reconciliation and peace. It was a theme that continued in his early

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morning meeting with religious leaders from different faiths. He

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made reference to the attacks by Islamist extremists in Kenya and

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urged that religion not be used to justify hate and violence. He used

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his master talk about family values, a popular theme in line with the

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Conservative views of the African Catholic churches and he spoke to

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the excesses of corruption. It has been 20 years since a Pope last came

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to Kenya. Pope John Paul II came here and a lot has changed in the

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world since then. Today the messages are about preventing young people

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from being radicalised, about tolerance of religions and about

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climate change. Just days before the Paris conference, he used his

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longest speech of the day and his strongest words to address the

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United Nations on climate change. TRANSLATION: We are confronted with

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a choice that cannot be ignored, either to improve or destroy the

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environment. Pope Francis will be visiting a slum and speaking at a

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sports stadium on Friday before heading on to the next leg of his

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trip to Uganda. As the Pope is very aware, diplomats and climate experts

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are arriving in Paris next week the back key UN conference on climate

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change. They will not be far from a country were global warming is

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materialised in front of our eyes. Scientist warned that all of the

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large masses of ice in the Swiss Alps will have almost vanished by

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the end of the century if greenhouse emissions continue to rise at

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current rates. Doctor David Vulcan explains why he believes the world

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should be paying more attention. Hi. I'm an expert. Do not switch

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off. Over the next couple of minutes I'm going to explain to you how this

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great mass of ice behind me is melting at an alarming rate and why

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the planet -- the people at the climate conference in Paris must sit

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up and pay attention. So, let us start by looking at how this play

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she has receded. This village is currently below but they sure but in

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1600, the eyes came all the way to this point. By 1856 it had melted

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back around 300 metres and by 2010 it had receded by around 2000

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metres, all the way up to the off the rock on the mountain you can see

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here. This photo taking in 1890, look again, now nothing is left but

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a scar in the rock. So, what happens to all the melting ice? Take a look

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at this. The glacial lake, it formed over the last ten years and holds 10

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million litres of water, water that will add to the rising global sea

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levels. You can hear water. So much water here. You can see here, a lot

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of water at the beginning of November, it is not normal, it is

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crazy. Here you can see, face-to-face, the climate change.

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So, in conclusion, areas will have almost vanished by the end of the

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century. Also diplomats in Paris will not be able to reverse rising

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temperatures. They must negotiate a new agreement to cope with the

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consequences of our changing climate. As part of the BBC's 100

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women season today we are looking at the issue of child marriage and we

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are meeting one young woman in Zambia who was forced into marriage

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at 15 to a man who was 20 years older, despite years of abuse, she

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does manage to change her life and this is her story. I am a child

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marriage survive. I got married off by my father at the age of 15. This

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is a district in Zambia. At that time, my father was experiencing

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financial troubles and then he thought marrying me off would at

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least be able to give him something to quench the problem that he was

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going through. My payment was about 300 in our currency. That was my

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bride price. By now it can be around 30 US dollars. I was married off, I

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had to drop out of school and join my husband who was 20 years older

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than me. My life in the hands of Batman was very miserable, because

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he's subjected me to a number of abuses. Physical, emotional and

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sexual. Sexual urges, he used to abuses. Physical, emotional and

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painful. I resigned myself to abuses. Physical, emotional and

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kind of life because I did not know what to do. This tradition puts us

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down. You are taught never to raise your voice against a man, whether

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they are treating you well or not. You are told to keep everything,

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what ever you are going to -- went through, the beatings, whatever

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you're going through in the matrimonial highs, you do not

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disclose it to any person. You keep it to yourself, the moment I went

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back to school, I saw, whatever may be, I was suffering because I did

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not have an education. I really used to admire people who did. For that

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reason, I thought, if I can have an education, what ever I am going

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through right now, would come to an end. I wanted to go back to school.

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I thought when I had an education, it would be better. He intensified

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the abuse. He stripped me naked, beat the naked outside world by

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everyone in the community would see. You hold a lot of talks to talk

:20:29.:20:33.

about child marriage to a lot of people, what do you tell them? I

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tell them about the dangers of child marriage. I for one, despite being a

:20:39.:20:46.

survivor now, I was a child mother. I was a mother at the age of 15. I

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had a prolonged and very painful Labour which had not been for the

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intervention of God, I would have lost my life and the life of my

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ties. It very bad. And to find out more about our series you can go to

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our website. There are many more stories are about the fates of

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daughters including young women in India and Afghanistan as well. At

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the quality where risk group in the US is offering Donald Trump after he

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appeared to mark a reporter US is offering Donald Trump after he

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disability during a speech. He challenged recollections by a New

:21:33.:21:36.

York Times journalist who has a condition that affects the movement

:21:37.:21:40.

of his joints about the 9/11 aftermath. He has made

:21:41.:21:42.

unsubstantiated aftermath. He has made

:21:43.:21:46.

thousands of Muslims in New Jersey were seen celebrating the attack.

:21:47.:21:53.

The Washington Post writes, an article, and one of the paragraphs,

:21:54.:21:58.

it says, and by the way this was right after September the 11th, it

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was September the 18th and right after, an amazing thing, right after

:22:03.:22:08.

a couple of good paragraphs, talking about Northern New Jersey, draws the

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eye, and neither per, you have to say this guy, I do not know what I

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said, I do not remember. This was 14 years ago, they did not do a

:22:24.:22:28.

retraction! 14 years ago, they did no retraction. Kathleen Hawkins are

:22:29.:22:32.

journalist with the BBC disability unit told me that his behaviour is

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simply ignorant. I think this is incredibly reductive behaviour from

:22:38.:22:41.

Donald Trump. He is talking about a respected journalist, someone who

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has won a Pulitzer prize, worked for a number of newspapers and he is

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highlighting his disability as his defining feature. In his biography,

:22:50.:22:55.

he does not mention his disability. He is very respected, and esteemed

:22:56.:22:59.

journalist known for his work. I think if there was a personal

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attack, Donald Trump should have focused on the journalism angle and

:23:03.:23:06.

not the disability. When we thought about having this chart with you, we

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thought should we draw attention to the remarks but do you feel it is

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necessary for Donald Trump to be called out and for this to be spoken

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about? I think if there was any good thing to come out of this kind of

:23:19.:23:46.

behaviour it has been that people are vocally saying, this is not

:23:47.:23:48.

acceptable in the modern society. It has been on social media all day and

:23:49.:23:51.

widely shared and people are saying, this is not acceptable, parents of

:23:52.:23:53.

disabled children say they are seeing this and look how it can

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trickle down. How would my child feel if this happened to them? It is

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so damaging because he is a public figure. He is a celebrity and he has

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been seen by millions doing theirs. That is an important point to make,

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he is a public figure and he is someone that a lot of people do see

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and be picked up on his characteristics. It is not the first

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time we have seen people in this position do these kind of things

:24:11.:24:12.

about disabled people, John Lennon, there was footage of him in the

:24:13.:24:15.

1960s, mocking people with learning disabilities and comments were

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coming out about how this is unacceptable now. 50 years on from

:24:20.:24:23.

that, you would think that would be more awareness, do we know how the

:24:24.:24:28.

journalist has reacted? He said he is not surprised by Donald Trump's

:24:29.:24:33.

behaviour and whether that is linked to personal feelings towards Donald

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Trump and history there, that is unclear at the moment. I spoke to a

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charity and they said it is not just outdated and outrageous, it is

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bullying, disco monetary and extremely damaging and promotes

:24:53.:24:54.

prejudice. Is it ever acceptable to call attention in the way that

:24:55.:24:58.

Donald Trump as to disability like this? I think if you are in a

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trusted group of friends and you know that is going to be acceptable

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and received OK, then perhaps it would be OK, but for Donald Trump to

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do this as someone who is in this position of authority and to do it

:25:17.:25:21.

in such an mocking and comedic way is very irresponsible. Kathleen

:25:22.:25:26.

Hawkins. Ever since Sebastien Coe became the President of world

:25:27.:25:30.

athletics he has faced questions over his ambassadorial role with

:25:31.:25:33.

Nikkei. He denied any potential conflict of interest but he has

:25:34.:25:36.

announced that he is stepping back from the role. Lord Coe denied any

:25:37.:25:40.

wrongdoing but he said the issue had become a distraction at a news

:25:41.:25:44.

conference in Monaco, he insisted he wanted to focus on the issues that

:25:45.:25:48.

currently face the world of athletics. You can get a lot more on

:25:49.:25:56.

that story on the BBC Sport website and if you want to talk to me about

:25:57.:26:00.

any of our stories, I am on Twitter. Thank you for watching.

:26:01.:26:07.

Hello. Thursday, has been a fairly quiet weather day across the British

:26:08.:26:15.

Isles. One or two spots, 14 or

:26:16.:26:17.

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