02/12/2015 World News Today


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British MPs are debating whether to authorise joining the US, France and


others in air strikes against the so-called Islamic State in Syria.


Making the case for bombing, Prime Minister David Cameron said


Britain needs to tackle an urgent threat to its national security.


And this is the scene live inside the House of Commons where


the debate is set to continue for up to another six hours.


Russia claims these images show tankers carrying oil from IS


territory to Turkey and accuses the Turkish President of involvement.


The heaviest monsoon rains in over a century hit Chennai


More than 180 people have died so far.


After the birth of their daughter, Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg


and his wife donate nearly all their shares to charity.


British MPs are now eight hours into a debate on whether to approve


UK airstrikes against so-called Islamic State targets in Syria.


The House of Commons is expected to vote


The debate was opened by the Prime Minister , who warned that Britain


couldn't afford to sit back and wait for an attack here in the UK.


But David Cameron faced persistent criticism from opposition MPs after


he described those against air strikes as terrorist sympathisers.


The leader of the opposition Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, warned against


an ill-thought-out rush to war and said the government's plans could


We'll get an in-depth report from the BBC's political editor,


Our correspondent, Rob Watson, is at Westminster for us.


David Cameron confident that he will win this boat. He is confident and


he said he would not even be holding if he wasn't sure because that would


just give a propaganda victory to so-called Islamic State. What the


Prime Minister thinks has really changed, the tone of political


position in the UK, where the attacks in Paris. So David Cameron


feels that the mood had changed here and of course that he has made the


case that Britain needs to be part of the action along with its allies,


particularly France. The argument has been going on all day. What


timescale are we looking out for the boat and action? Am I allowed to


look quickly at my watch? I would say probably in about three hours


for the vote, it will conclude a long day. As for action, I don't


think there is any doubt that the government will be sitting around


afterwards. In the days and hours after the vote, you would expect to


see British planes flying from their base in Cyprus and engaging in


action in Syria. British planes already involved in action in Iraq.


What difference does David Cameron so this would make? To be bettered


the Prime Minister, he has been incredibly careful ever since he


thought he could make the case again for trying to persuade the British


Parliament to extend action to Syria to be modest. He is not saying this


will be a game changer or decisive or move Syria swiftly towards a


political solution. He is just making the case that on balance,


it's probably better in his view to take the fight Islamic State in


their heartland rather than try to fight them here and that although


British air strikes would be decisive, they will degrade Islamic


State and keep them on the defensive. What point would be most


controversial and keep them on the defensive. What point would be most


controversial moderate fighters that could be lied with a coalition?


There is the big picture disagreement in the smaller more


logistical picture. The big picture disagreement is represented by


Jeremy Corbyn. He says in general, Western military interventions in


that part of the world have not been a great success. But there have been


other more specific disagreements with MPs saying, what exactly is the


overall plan? How does this lead to a political solution? If we were to


degrade Islamic State will ship them from their bases, who would be the


ground forces to take over. David Cameron had mentioned this figure of


70,000 fighters on the ground. A lot of MPs are sceptical. But it's


important to stress on balance, most MPs take the view that something


should be done. Does that mean they fully support it? Not at all. That


reservation even applies to the government and that is why the


action will be cared because people think on balance something needs to


be done. It is the biggest decision a


Prime Minister makes. This morning David Cameron left


for the Commons to make his case, confident he has the support in


Parliament for UK military action. The RAF is already dropping bombs


on IS targets in Iraq and the Government says that must


now be extended across the border, joining countries including


the United States and France As MPs poured into Parliament,


a big question was how many Labour The party is deeply divided


on the issue. Opening the debate


in a packed Commons Chamber, David Cameron said there was no simple


answer, but the choice was clear. This threat is very real


and the question is this - do we work with our allies to degrade


and destroy this threat and do we go after these terrorists in their


heartlands from where they are Or do we sit back and wait


for them to attack us? The Prime Minister's attempt to


brand those who planned to vote against the government as terrorist


sympathisers demeans the office of Prime Minister and undermined the


seriousness of the deliberations were having today. If you want to


apologise that the remarks, I would be happy to give way for him to do


so. If the government does winter might's vote, these planes made very


soon be heading to the Syrian region.


Well, our chief international correspondent, Lyse Doucet, is in


the Syrian capital, Damascus and she told me how the prospect of British


warplanes flying above Syrian skies is being received there.


The morning newspapers didn't even mention the British vote


in Parliament and still hasn't been on the evening news.


And that is partly a measure of just how many players are now


involved on one side or another in this tangled conflict and partly


a measure of just how hard life is here for Syrians, and they are just


But everyone I ask a question to about possible British


action against the so-called Islamic State welcomed it.


But in this capital, which is largely under government control,


they also had a warning, saying that unless the campaign was coordinated


with President Assad and the Syrian army, it simply wouldn't work.


Now, that is what Russia is doing but that is what the West and Arab


states backing the Syrian opposition refuse to do,


blaming President Assad's forces for the ferocious bombardment which


So there's a real heavy sense here among people that they just think


the war is going to drag on and, of course, life will continue just


The Syrian opposition says defeating IS won't solve


Monzer Akbik, a member of the Syrian National


Coalition, has been speaking to the BBC's Hardtalk programme.


He told Zeinab Badawi that tackling IS has to go


You cannot a decisive end, you cannot completely eradicate Isis and


have a sustainable campaign that would lead to a complete success


unless the danger from the regime and its allies is succeeded or


ended. They are both important. The confrontation should continue but


you cannot reach a final result with Isis unless you get the most


important, the biggest front, with the regime that has to be some kind


of ceasefire or political solution. Something has to happen there in


order for the people to make a sustainable and successful campaign


against Isis. You can watch the full interview. I will be on Thursday


this week. The rift between Russia and Turkey


has widened with Moscow accusing the Turkish President's family


of involvment in the smuggling of oil from areas controlled


by the so-called Islamic State The allegation has been vehemently


rejected by President Erdogan. Russian defence officials produced


satellite images which they said showed tankers carrying oil


from IS-held territory into Turkey. Turkey is the main consumer of the


oil stolen from its rightful owners, Syria and Iraq. According to


information we have received, the senior political leaders of the


country are involved in this criminal business.


Mr Erdogan has dismissed the claim, promising to resign


No one has the right to slander Turkey by accusing it of buying oil.


Turkey has not lost its values. In a moment, we'll hear from


Emre Temel of BBC's Turkish service but first, this assessment


from Famil Ismailov of BBC Russian. They gave us some numbers. They said


8500 tankers involved in transporting 200,000 barrels of oil


to turkey at least and crossing through the Turkish border and as


Russian military say, that brings $2 billion to be Islamic State. They


didn't show any evidence per se but showed pictures of big cars,


tankers, on the border. They showed convoys of tankers moving along the


roads but who do they belong to? What do we know it's happening on


the ground? Nobody 's nose. He said the information they have got does


not have to be proven or approved. He said this information will help


to fight terrorism. Emre Temel from the


BBC's Turkish Service says none of the evidence produced


by the Russians linked President Obviously, Turkey increased controls


over the last few months and is under intense pressure from Western


allies to do more against the fight... Against Isis. The US


actually wants to escalate the tension and is putting that


aspiration on Turkey and Russia to do the same. President Obama talked


to the presidents of Turkey and Russia at the climate summit and


asked them both to refocus their efforts on combating terrorism. But


Russians are very angry. Mr Putin rejected to meet him and is still


waiting for an apology. No apology. The Turkish President is very clear


on this issue. He refuses to apologise by saying Moscow should


apologise instead. Returning now to our main story -


the ongoing debate in the British Parliament on whether MPs


should approve UK airstrikes against so-called Islamic State


targets in Syria. If the RAF air strikes go ahead,


possibly within hours of tonight's vote, they will involve


jets taking off from the RAF's base The BBC's defence correspondent,


Jonathan Beale, is there. How important is that base for


operations in the region? The UK doesn't have an aircraft carrier so


this is essentially the airbase from which to launch those as strikes


first of all in Iraq but maybe, if there is a Yes vote in Parliament,


they were then turned their attention to Syria as well and we do


expect those combat missions over Syria to start very soon if there is


a Yes vote indeed probably to light. Remember that politicians


back in the UK will want to show that the RAF is making a difference


and are doing something. The Americans who are leading this


coalition, there are very few countries taking part in air


strikes, we want to show that Britain has joined in that fight so


I think there will be pressured to do something pretty soon that you


have to remember about scale. This is a modest contribution from the


UK. Eight Tornado jets based here. Another eight jets, two tornadoes


and two typhoons if there is that Yes vote. They will patrol not just


Syria but Iraq as well, carrying on the mission there. They have got


twice as much to patrol essentially. It won't be a huge difference in


military terms. The French contribution is greater and the US


contribution is significantly greater but of course the coalition


wants the help of Britain and Britain has niche capabilities. They


have a missile which they say causes, low collateral damage and it


will minimise civilian casualties. Very few journalists have had any


access to Islamic State territory. He's a German journalist and former


MP who spent ten days with IS last He's been telling Ros Atkins why


he's against airstrikes in Syria. We have been bombarding the Taliban


for 14 years and we have been unsuccessful. Bebop barbers were


completely unsuccessful and counter-productive. When we started


to bombard the Taliban, we had 100 terrorists and now we have 100,000.


Our bombardments were a terror breeding programme. We are actually


increasing terrorism by bombarding Isis because we are also killing


civilians. And for every child we will kill all we are killing, we


will have 1000 new terrorists. You have witnessed Islamic State


close-up. What would you do to undermine this group? We should


force Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states to stop the delivery of


weapons and ammunition to terrorist groups in Syria, groups affiliated


to Al-Qaeda. We should help our Turkish partners to close the border


between Turkey and Islamic State. Every day, 200 new fighters join


Islamic State. I have also crosses borders. It's very easy and we


should stop it. The third point is, Isis is cooperating with groups in


Syria and Iraq which are excluded from the political process in the


country. We should do everything we can to get them the opportunity to


get back on the political process, to play a role in the country. We


need a national reconsideration in Syria and Iraq. Isis does not feel


that bombs... It fears not getting weapons and ammunition from Saudi


Arabia, they fear the borders are closing, and they feared peace in


Syria and peace in Iraq, and that is what we should do. Reports from


Afghanistan say they Taliban leader has been wounded in a firefight in


Pakistan and that is said to have followed a disagreement at a meeting


of commanders. A source close to the Taliban to the BBC firing broke out


spontaneously and the he was seriously hurt but in the past


couple of hours, et al Obama spokesman dismissed reports of any


injury to its leader. To India now where the


Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has ordered a massive relief effort


in the southern city of Chennai, which is experiencing severe


flooding after the heaviest monsoon Flights and trains have been


suspended and hundreds The army has been deployed to rescue


thousands of stranded people More rain is forecast


in coming days. The Hindu newspaper, which is


produced from Chennai, has been unable to publish for one of the few


occasions in its 137-year history. Amit Baruah, the managing editor


of the newspaper's national editions, explained what's happening


there at the moment. This has been a really serious


crisis. If you put it together with what happened some time ago and in


Mumbai some years ago, increasingly what we are seeing is on account of


many changes in drainage patterns, wetlands being destroyed, flood


plains destroyed. Essentially the absence of water to go anywhere,


drainage issues. We are seeing a major crisis in the major cities of


India, a lot due to an planned construction and bad planning. We


are seeing the results of all of that. When you have this heavy rain,


I often visit Chennai to my headquarters, and even a month ago,


when there was a little bit of rain, I found that the streets were


totally waterlogged, drainage was poor, and today we have a situation


that schools and colleges have closed, public transport is very


difficult or minimal. We have a serious situation.


The head of world athletics, Lord Coe, has accepted there have


been failures in tackling blood doping in the sport.


The President of the IAAF was giving evidence to


Russia was banned from international events after an independent


World Anti-Doping Agency report alleged state-sponsored doping.


And during the hearing, Lord Coe was asked whether the doping


The chair of the independent commission has made it clear that


this is not simply about Russia or athletics. People forget that this


is not about athletics. But I will await with interest the second


report because it may show... May throw more light on other areas that


we need to be concerned about. And sang sushi has met the President and


influential rid of the Army. Both men have pledged to smooth the


trans-Buddha would would once have been unthinkable. The last time she


won an election, the Burmese army refused to set aside. This time, it


feels different. Her meeting with the President focused almost


entirely on putting systems in place to ensure a smooth transfer of


power. Thorny issues like the clause in the Constitution that stops are


becoming President were apparently not even discussed. She never


mentioned this issue. Did they discuss the would-be President then?


No. There will be decided by the next Parliament. Is the army ready


to give up its political power here? That's a $1 million question! I


cannot answer that. In search of the answer, she went for a second


meeting of the day. This time with the country's top shoulder. This is


now the key relationship. To change the constitution, she needs to win


the army's trust and reassure them that their brutal past will not be


revisited. For now, the army seems willing to let her operate within


the limits that they themselves have set. This feels like another hurdle


cleared. She may not be able to be the next President but it looks


likely that she will be allowed to form the next government. It is that


point in April next year that she will face a really big decision,


does she accept the boundaries of this army political system or dish


you push for true democracy in the knowledge that it will almost


certainly lead to confrontation? The founder of Facebook, Mark


Zuckerberg, and his wife, Priscilla Chan, have announced they're giving


away nearly ?30 billion or 99% of their Facebook shares to mark


the birth of their first child. The couple say they want to make


the world a better place for Like many a young couple,


Mark and Priscilla took to Facebook to celebrate the birth of their


daughter, but they had other news. In a video recorded just weeks


before the arrival of Max, the Having this child has made us think


about all of the things that should be improved in the world


for her whole generation. We need to make sure that there are


investments and programmes that ensure that the


future isn't going to be like today, In a letter to their daughter,


the couple now say that over their lifetimes they'll donate 99% of


their Facebook shares, to promote good causes, from better health


and education, to greater equality. Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan


join other billionaires in giving Bill and Melinda Gates have


so far donated over ?21 billion. The businessman Warren Buffett


has given ?15 billion. And the investor George Soros has


donated ?7 billion Bill and Melinda Gates have been


praised for their contribution to eradicating diseases


in developing countries, but sometimes donors can find it hard to


direct cash where it's needed. It is all too easy to spend money


that's aimed to do good on things that don't have an impact,


and what I'd encourage them to do is to focus on causes that are really


big problems, that are neglected by other funders,


so you can really make progress. Right from when he founded Facebook


as a 20-year-old student, Mark Zuckerberg has said his mission


is to change the way the world Luckily for him, and for


the causes he and his wife support, Let's take you inside the British


House of Commons. The debate is still going on. It is approaching


the eight and a half hour mark now. We think they will vote on whether


Britain should launch air strikes in three or four hours' time.


Hello there, some of us were lucky enough to see some sunshine today.


Still have the differences in temperature, though.


We've got colder air tucking into the north-west of the UK,


still mild further south, and the dividing line continues to


After moving southwards today, it's going to start to move northwards


again overnight and into tomorrow, taking the rain across Wales, away


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