03/12/2015 World News Today


03/12/2015

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I'm Alice Baxter with BBC World News.

:00:07.:00:08.

Police reveal the massive haul of weapons found after America's

:00:09.:00:11.

deadliest mass shooting for three years but still no motive.

:00:12.:00:20.

14 people killed in California after a married couple open fire

:00:21.:00:24.

President Obama vows that the police will get to the bottom of it.

:00:25.:00:31.

It is possible that this was terrorist-related but we don't know.

:00:32.:00:34.

It's also possible that it was workplace related.

:00:35.:00:44.

The US Defence Secretary announces the opening of all military combat

:00:45.:00:53.

To succeed in our mission of the national defence, we cannot afford

:00:54.:00:56.

to cut ourselves off from half of the country's talents and skills.

:00:57.:00:59.

We have to take full advantage of every individual who can meet

:01:00.:01:02.

Oscar Pistorius faces a return to jail, after South Africa's Appeal

:01:03.:01:17.

More arrests are made in Switzerland over multi-million-dollar bribery

:01:18.:01:19.

allegations at Fifa on the very day it announces major reforms.

:01:20.:01:26.

I am aware that the road will be difficult, the challenge is there

:01:27.:01:29.

And the gene therapy breakthrough which

:01:30.:01:41.

could prevent diseases being passed from one generation to the next.

:01:42.:02:02.

Police in the Californian city of San Bernardino are still

:02:03.:02:04.

searching for a motive to Wednesday's mass shooting which left

:02:05.:02:08.

The suspects, a husband and wife, dropped off their six-month-old

:02:09.:02:16.

daughter before arming themselves with assault rifles and opening fire

:02:17.:02:18.

President Obama said the United States has a history

:02:19.:02:30.

Well, within the last hour, the assistant director of LA branch

:02:31.:02:32.

of the FBI, David Bowdich, gave a news conference in which he

:02:33.:02:35.

went through what investigators know so far about the suspects.

:02:36.:02:38.

If you look at the amount of obvious preplanning that went in, the amount

:02:39.:02:42.

of armaments he had, the weapons and ammunition, there was obviously

:02:43.:02:44.

We don't know if this was the intended target or if there was

:02:45.:02:54.

something that triggered him to do this immediately.

:02:55.:02:56.

We just don't know and again that is going to take time

:02:57.:02:58.

It appears he came back into the US in July 2040, as I said earlier.

:02:59.:03:04.

I do not know all the countries he visited.

:03:05.:03:08.

We know he did go to Pakistan at one point and we know she is here on

:03:09.:03:15.

a K-1 Visa under a Pakistani passport.

:03:16.:03:17.

Well, for the latest into the investigation

:03:18.:03:18.

our correspondent James Cook has sent this report from the scene.

:03:19.:03:25.

The streets, awash with police, hunting for a young man who had

:03:26.:03:32.

gone on the rampage with his wife at a festive party.

:03:33.:03:36.

Syed Farook reportedly left the gathering after a disagreement,

:03:37.:03:38.

before returning with Tashfeen Malik, armed with automatic weapons.

:03:39.:03:43.

We have two suspects both dressed in black.

:03:44.:03:49.

They went into the room and locked the door.

:03:50.:03:53.

I haven't tried to call her because I didn't want the phone ringing.

:03:54.:04:04.

And so the hunt began and hours after the shooting parts

:04:05.:04:07.

This is the second scene we are at now, around a couple of miles from

:04:08.:04:18.

But just up that street, it was over the two suspects.

:04:19.:04:24.

After a car chase through the city, they died here in a gun battle,

:04:25.:04:28.

I don't know who was shooting who first but they were both

:04:29.:04:35.

We work in the building and we hid in the back

:04:36.:04:49.

Syed Farook was a 28-year-old American.

:04:50.:04:52.

On an old dating profile he called himself a good Muslim looking

:04:53.:04:54.

for a girl who liked snowboarding and would wear a hijab.

:04:55.:04:57.

The FBI are asking the same question,

:04:58.:05:08.

scouring the couple's home for explosives.

:05:09.:05:14.

Terrorism is a possibility they say but so too is a workplace

:05:15.:05:17.

Either way, the country he leads has by one count assume that more than

:05:18.:05:29.

-- Either way, the country he leads has by one count seen more than

:05:30.:05:33.

We are going to have to search ourselves as a society to make sure

:05:34.:05:38.

we can take basic steps that would make it harder, not impossible

:05:39.:05:41.

but harder for individuals to get access to weapons.

:05:42.:05:43.

This tense and grieving city is still short of answers.

:05:44.:05:48.

Why did a mild-mannered man and his wife spark all of this, leaving

:05:49.:05:51.

Our correspondent Laura Trevelyan is in San Bernardino.

:05:52.:06:05.

And what other details that came out of the press conference that the

:06:06.:06:11.

police chief gave to journalists in the last hour was the huge amount of

:06:12.:06:20.

weapons these people possessed. Yes, many details are coming out of

:06:21.:06:25.

that press conference, not least now that there are a total of 21 people

:06:26.:06:29.

were wounded after the shooting rampage. 14 people killed. At the

:06:30.:06:35.

home of the suspects, police discovered 12 pipe bombs and 3000

:06:36.:06:42.

rounds of ammunition and they discovered the tools for making

:06:43.:06:49.

explosive devices. In addition, at the scene where I am now where the

:06:50.:06:55.

shooting took place yesterday at this community centre for disabled

:06:56.:06:59.

people, the authorities found in the car belonging to the suspects 1600

:07:00.:07:09.

rounds. That is an extraordinary amount of ammunition. And more

:07:10.:07:14.

details about the explosive device found in the centre. The authorities

:07:15.:07:20.

described it as being one pipe bomb combined of three which was being

:07:21.:07:25.

operated by some kind of remote control car device which apparently

:07:26.:07:29.

had failed to detonate. So the level of preplanning which had gone into

:07:30.:07:35.

this attack is shown by the sheer range of ammunition and explosives

:07:36.:07:38.

discovered since the shooting happened. Staggering. One detail

:07:39.:07:44.

which remains a mystery is the happened. Staggering. One detail

:07:45.:07:49.

motive. Yes, law enforcement officials are saying little about

:07:50.:07:57.

that in the past hour. The leader FBI official said it would be

:07:58.:08:00.

irresponsible and premature to call this terrorism. They do not have the

:08:01.:08:08.

motive still, said the weed or lease office. This is now an FBI

:08:09.:08:13.

investigation which suggests authorities want to explore the

:08:14.:08:17.

possibility this is terrorism. At the press conference, the officials

:08:18.:08:23.

were asked if the male suspect went abroad and was radicalised and they

:08:24.:08:26.

said they were looking into it. He said he came back into the US in

:08:27.:08:31.

July 2014, having visited Pakistan among other countries. But still no

:08:32.:08:39.

more answers and it could be a long time until there are definitive

:08:40.:08:42.

answers and in the meantime this community is grieving for those who

:08:43.:08:47.

died. We are told that later this afternoon the names of the dead will

:08:48.:08:53.

begin to be released. This has issue of gun control back into the

:08:54.:08:54.

spotlight. Thanks. The American Defence Secretary has

:08:55.:08:57.

announced that all US military The historic move comes

:08:58.:08:59.

after several years of study, and plans to wipe away generations

:09:00.:09:04.

of limits on how and where women Women will now be able to contribute

:09:05.:09:07.

to our mission They will be allowed to drive tanks,

:09:08.:09:16.

fire mortars, and lead infantry They will be able to serve as

:09:17.:09:21.

Army Rangers and Green Berets, Navy SEALs, Marine Corps infantry,

:09:22.:09:31.

Air Force para jumpers and everything else that was

:09:32.:09:33.

previously open only to men. Even more importantly,

:09:34.:09:36.

our military will be better able to harness the skills and perspectives

:09:37.:09:38.

that talented women have to offer. "No exceptions" was the

:09:39.:09:50.

recommendation of the secretary of the Army, the secretary of the Air

:09:51.:09:52.

Force and the secretary of the Navy, as well as the chief of staff of

:09:53.:09:56.

the Army, chief of staff of the Air Force and Chief of Naval Operations

:09:57.:10:00.

and the commander of Our correspondent Barbara

:10:01.:10:02.

Plett-Usher is in Washington. It opens up more than 200,000

:10:03.:10:15.

positions to women which were formally closed. The secretary of

:10:16.:10:19.

defence listed some of the things they will now be able to do. At the

:10:20.:10:24.

same time, this has been happening gradually over quite a long time,

:10:25.:10:28.

especially over the past three was, because in January 20 13th the army

:10:29.:10:33.

lifted its ban on the final restriction on women serving in

:10:34.:10:35.

direct combat ground rules. But then restriction on women serving in

:10:36.:10:41.

the leaders of different military services studied how this would work

:10:42.:10:45.

and to ask for and argue for those exceptions. Only the Marine Corps

:10:46.:10:52.

asked for partial exceptions. The secretary of defence said that

:10:53.:10:57.

because it is a joint force he had decided to make the decision across

:10:58.:11:00.

all the forces and that is because mainly the US military had to draw

:11:01.:11:06.

from the broadest pool of talent and couldn't afford to cut off 50% of

:11:07.:11:13.

the population. He says it also reflects what has been happening

:11:14.:11:18.

during the Iraq war, women fighting in fighter jets, submarines, and

:11:19.:11:22.

paying with their lives, killed and wounded. Now they will be able to

:11:23.:11:28.

officially apply for these roles which have been closed for them

:11:29.:11:29.

before. The Paralympic athlete Oscar

:11:30.:11:30.

Pistorius has been found guilty of murder after an Appeal Court

:11:31.:11:32.

judge in South Africa overturned The athlete killed

:11:33.:11:35.

his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp The judge said mistakes had been

:11:36.:11:39.

made in the first trial and that Pistorius must have known

:11:40.:11:44.

that he would kill someone when he repeatedly shot through

:11:45.:11:46.

a toilet door. He could now face a minimum

:11:47.:11:52.

of 15 years in prison From Johannesburg Nomsa Maseko

:11:53.:11:54.

reports. It is nearly three years since

:11:55.:12:03.

Reeva Steenkamp was shot dead Today, the long wait

:12:04.:12:05.

for her family was finally over. The accused's conviction and

:12:06.:12:11.

sentence on count one was set aside Guilty of murder with the accused

:12:12.:12:14.

having had criminal intent As they anxiously gathered

:12:15.:12:20.

in the courtroom, one of the prosecution lawyers

:12:21.:12:30.

hugged Reeva's mother. At least we have the truth now

:12:31.:12:32.

and the right decision and the right judgment

:12:33.:12:36.

and it is not up to me to say... They were South Africa's

:12:37.:12:42.

glamorous couple. But in the early hours

:12:43.:12:47.

of Valentine's Day 2013, she was killed in his bathroom

:12:48.:12:53.

when he fired four high-calibre Pistorius denied intentionally

:12:54.:12:56.

shooting his girlfriend, saying he believed he was shooting

:12:57.:13:01.

at an intruder in self defence. The prosecution however argued that

:13:02.:13:04.

he shot her in a fit of rage, The Supreme Court today said that

:13:05.:13:07.

the athlete should have foreseen the consequences of his actions

:13:08.:13:14.

when he opened fire, regardless By shooting through

:13:15.:13:17.

a locked toilet door, the judge concluded he must have known that he

:13:18.:13:24.

was going to kill someone. The judge also found there were

:13:25.:13:26.

fundamental errors in how the trial judge interpreted the law

:13:27.:13:31.

when she convicted Pistorius on a lesser charge of manslaughter, for

:13:32.:13:34.

which he spent a year in prison. Oscar Pistorius will remain here in

:13:35.:13:45.

his uncle's home on house arrest. Now branded a murderer

:13:46.:13:48.

by the Supreme Court of appeal, the disgraced athlete will wait until

:13:49.:13:51.

next year for resentencing to find It is unlikely that he will be

:13:52.:13:53.

able to appeal today's verdict. He now faces

:13:54.:14:00.

a possible 15-year jail term. British warplanes have carried out

:14:01.:14:12.

their first air strikes in Syria Almost immediately after the UK

:14:13.:14:15.

parliament approved military action, four Tornado jets took off from

:14:16.:14:19.

RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus. The warplanes targeted

:14:20.:14:25.

the Omar oil field in eastern Syria, Jonathan Beale reports from

:14:26.:14:28.

RAF Akrotiri: This evening the reinforcements

:14:29.:14:50.

arrived at RAF Akrotiri. Another eight jets.

:14:51.:14:53.

This signals the rules have now changed, the border between Iraq

:14:54.:14:55.

Last night, within an hour of MPs voting yes,

:14:56.:15:05.

a pair of Tornadoes prepared for the first British air strikes in

:15:06.:15:14.

Syria, loaded with 500lb bombs, it was a carefully choreographed

:15:15.:15:16.

This is the second pair of tornadoes to leave tonight.

:15:17.:15:20.

After that Commons vote authorised military action in Syria.

:15:21.:15:24.

We have not been told the destination of these aircraft,

:15:25.:15:26.

but we understand they will be flying over Syria

:15:27.:15:33.

Their destination was the Omar oilfields, a source of funding

:15:34.:15:40.

It was not that long before they returned.

:15:41.:15:43.

The MoD said it was a successful mission.

:15:44.:15:49.

This is the first pair of RAF Tornadoes, they have been flying

:15:50.:15:52.

They went with three Paveway bombs and it looks like they've fired

:15:53.:16:01.

I think as the initial operation, firstly it is a piece

:16:02.:16:07.

of infrastructure and you can pre-plan it and

:16:08.:16:13.

of course you would want a fairly big bang after a parliamentary vote.

:16:14.:16:17.

There is low risk from the perspective of the pilots,

:16:18.:16:19.

high gain from the perspective of the politicians.

:16:20.:16:21.

These targets are part of a wider coalition strategy.

:16:22.:16:27.

Cockpit videos released by the Pentagon shows US warplanes

:16:28.:16:29.

hitting similar oil installations as well as tankers.

:16:30.:16:31.

It is one of the main sources of income for the extremists.

:16:32.:16:34.

But the Prime Minister admits it will take more to defeat IS.

:16:35.:16:38.

We will need to be patient and persistent, this will take time,

:16:39.:16:42.

it is complex and difficult what we are asking our

:16:43.:16:45.

pilots to do, our thoughts should be with them and their families as they

:16:46.:16:48.

These pilots will not be home by Christmas.

:16:49.:16:54.

This bombing campaign could take years.

:16:55.:16:55.

It will need more than warplanes to defeat IS.

:16:56.:17:08.

Should scientists be allowed to do research which alters the DNA

:17:09.:17:11.

It's a question being discussed by hundreds of scientists

:17:12.:17:14.

from 20 countries in Washington at a conference on what's known

:17:15.:17:17.

Our Medical Correspondent Fergus Walsh reports from the conference.

:17:18.:17:32.

From the discovery of DNA structure by Crick and Watson, to the dawn of

:17:33.:17:39.

IVF with the birth of Louise Brown, to the decoding of the human genome,

:17:40.:17:44.

decades of progress in human biology means scientists can now alter the

:17:45.:17:47.

very DNA that parents pass on to their children. Gene editing is

:17:48.:17:53.

cheap, simple and accessible to scientists anywhere in the world. It

:17:54.:18:00.

is like a molecular sat nav. It stands our DNA, reading the cold,

:18:01.:18:05.

looking for the error. Then it uses molecular scissors to slip through

:18:06.:18:10.

of strands, switching off a faulty gene or enabling a healthy copy to

:18:11.:18:15.

be inserted. Both techniques have the potential to treat or even cure

:18:16.:18:19.

genetic diseases. If gene editing was done in IVF embryos, that DNA

:18:20.:18:26.

change would pass down all subsequent generations. In theory,

:18:27.:18:33.

it could be used to prevent inherited conditions like cystic

:18:34.:18:38.

fibrosis or Huntington's disease. Let your from three people, a

:18:39.:18:43.

patient, ethicist tests, all with strong views. -- and scientist. I

:18:44.:18:54.

will lose the ability to control my body. Charles carries the genetics

:18:55.:19:01.

for Huntington's disease. It killed his father. His older brother now

:19:02.:19:07.

needs 24-hour care. He says gene editing offers real hope. It is too

:19:08.:19:14.

late for me but for generations to come this offers the priceless

:19:15.:19:18.

possibility of putting an end to a disease which affects generation

:19:19.:19:23.

after generation. But this ethicist argues it would be wrong to ever

:19:24.:19:26.

allow gene edited the children to be born. It is too risky, we do not

:19:27.:19:32.

need it, there are other ways to have healthy children, and it would

:19:33.:19:37.

open the door possibly to a world of genetic haves and have-nots. We do

:19:38.:19:42.

not need more inequality and discrimination. This man wants

:19:43.:19:53.

scientists to be allowed to edit genes in embryos, but at this stage

:19:54.:19:59.

only in a dish. He says cure is still years off. The ability to

:20:00.:20:06.

manipulate specific genes and test what effect that has an cell or

:20:07.:20:11.

tissue behaviour or organ behaviour, is really going to open up new

:20:12.:20:15.

avenues of research and understanding how our bodies work.

:20:16.:20:21.

Designer humans may be a long way off but these are designer dogs.

:20:22.:20:26.

Chinese scientists edited versions as embryos and the result is they

:20:27.:20:34.

have bigger muscles than other dogs. Modifying DNA raises profound

:20:35.:20:39.

questions which scientists and society are only just beginning to

:20:40.:20:40.

face. Now, a long time ago, in

:20:41.:20:46.

a galaxy far, far away, two unknown 23-year-olds were cast in leading

:20:47.:20:49.

roles in the new Star Wars film. The eagerly anticipated movie,

:20:50.:20:52.

called The Force Awakens, features Our entertainment correspondent

:20:53.:20:54.

Lizo Mzimba met them. There are stories

:20:55.:21:03.

about what happened. The saga is part

:21:04.:21:05.

of cinema mythology. For two relative unknowns, lead

:21:06.:21:06.

roles that could perhaps propel So

:21:07.:21:25.

for a few months I honestly didn't know whether I was coming or going,

:21:26.:21:30.

whether I was going to lose the job, and then being surrounded by people

:21:31.:21:33.

who really make you feel loved. I don't get recognised as much

:21:34.:21:36.

as people make out to be for now, but then that is going to change

:21:37.:21:41.

in a few weeks, but, yeah, It's just something that is

:21:42.:21:44.

going to happen regardless. Daisy Ridley was making small

:21:45.:21:48.

appearances in TV dramas and working in a pub

:21:49.:21:51.

when she first started auditioning for a part which could be career

:21:52.:21:53.

defining in all sorts of ways. Do you give much thought to

:21:54.:21:56.

the fact that it's not a guarantee I think me and Rey are similar in

:21:57.:21:59.

that, you know, she's just hoping for a better life, and I've been

:22:00.:22:07.

so lucky with what happened before. When I did Casualty,

:22:08.:22:10.

that was thrilling to me, John Boyega already has

:22:11.:22:13.

a few smaller films under his belt. Filming this at Pinewood,

:22:14.:22:19.

just outside London, alongside stars from the original

:22:20.:22:21.

trilogy helped him feel at home. The funny thing about it is being

:22:22.:22:26.

on this kind of like historical Hollywood set and

:22:27.:22:28.

then, you know, walking downstairs and seeing the crew talk about

:22:29.:22:34.

the latest episode of EastEnders. And as opening day approaches,

:22:35.:22:38.

how nervous do you feel? I'm so used to

:22:39.:22:48.

your voice talking about films, this is probably the most serious I've

:22:49.:22:51.

ever thought, oh, it is coming out. Yeah, I guess it is daunting but I

:22:52.:22:54.

just mainly want people to think I As football's world governing body,

:22:55.:23:10.

Fifa, unveils plans aimed at cleaning up

:23:11.:23:12.

the way it is run, two more senior Fifa's executive committee has

:23:13.:23:15.

adopted reforms including restricting its president

:23:16.:23:21.

to a maximum of 12 years at the top and tighter integrity

:23:22.:23:24.

checks on senior officials. But what timing -

:23:25.:23:27.

just a couple of hours earlier, Swiss authorities raided a hotel

:23:28.:23:32.

in Zurich and detained two Fifa vice-presidents as part of

:23:33.:23:34.

an ongoing bribery investigation. The BBC's Sports Editor Dan Roan,

:23:35.:23:37.

gave me more details. These gentlemen are not household

:23:38.:23:54.

names perhaps but they are effectively the two most powerful

:23:55.:23:56.

foot all administrators in the American called federations. One of

:23:57.:24:02.

the North Central American Confederation including the

:24:03.:24:08.

Caribbean, and one represents this South American Federation. These

:24:09.:24:12.

gentlemen were meant to be discussing the crucial reform

:24:13.:24:16.

package you mentioned, which is seen by many as representative of Fifa's

:24:17.:24:22.

attempts to rebuild public trust and confidence in it after a scandal

:24:23.:24:28.

ridden few months, and another controversial proposal to expand the

:24:29.:24:34.

World Cup to 40 teams by 2026. It is seen as something of a sweetener to

:24:35.:24:38.

certain associations around the world to tempt them to vote for

:24:39.:24:43.

reforms. Instead, those officials are in a ceric jail -- zero which --

:24:44.:24:58.

Zurich Jail. Reminiscent of the raids earlier this year. That set

:24:59.:25:06.

off the chain of events which led us here. Sepp Blatter currently

:25:07.:25:13.

suspended. Fifa is desperately trying to look forward but events

:25:14.:25:18.

like today prevented from doing so. It has been a few months of scandal

:25:19.:25:25.

to put it mildly. Many of people are asking if any amount of reform can

:25:26.:25:29.

help Fifa or if it needs to be overhauled or replaced?

:25:30.:25:35.

There are some who believe that it is so tainted it should simply be

:25:36.:25:40.

wound up. It is similar to a failed bank and there is no hope for it.

:25:41.:25:46.

Something new must happen, a new organisation or Federation will stop

:25:47.:25:54.

others believe there is hope for Fifa and if reforms are brought

:25:55.:26:00.

in... That is all.

:26:01.:26:01.

in... That is all.

:26:02.:26:09.

With Friday around the corner it looks like we are going to start the

:26:10.:26:14.

day on a relatively quiet note will stop mostly dry but the winds will

:26:15.:26:17.

strengthen throughout the day and eventually we will see some very

:26:18.:26:20.

heavy rain arriving into the far north and west. We have rain

:26:21.:26:24.

clearing away into the south-east corner

:26:25.:26:25.

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