08/12/2015 World News Today


08/12/2015

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The missed opportunity to catch the ringleader of the Paris attacks.

:00:00.:00:12.

The BBC learns there was an attempt to arrest him months before the

:00:13.:00:15.

After Republican candidate Donald Trump's call for Muslims to be

:00:16.:00:25.

Paris climate talks about a new push a final agreement.

:00:26.:00:37.

Nigeria's floating school where the children are offered the

:00:38.:00:40.

Now it seems there was an attempt to arrest

:00:41.:01:05.

Abdelhameed Abaaoud, the ringleader of the operation, months before

:01:06.:01:12.

A senior anti-terrorism source in Belgium says Abbaoud was tracked to

:01:13.:01:16.

Abdelhameed Abaaoud, the ringleader of the Paris attacks.

:01:17.:01:32.

But the BBC has learned there was an operation to capture him in Greece

:01:33.:01:35.

It was supposed to happen just before this anti-terrorism operation

:01:36.:01:48.

in the Belgian town of Vervier on the 15th of January.

:01:49.:01:50.

Two Islamist extremists were killed here.

:01:51.:01:52.

They were part of a network stretching to

:01:53.:01:54.

Because he was directing the jihadi cell in Belgium by mobile

:01:55.:01:59.

Two days after the shoot out in Vervier,

:02:00.:02:07.

We have been told by a resident of the building that this is

:02:08.:02:18.

An Algerian man was arrested here and eventually

:02:19.:02:28.

Across town, this was the second apartment raided.

:02:29.:02:32.

The current occupant gave us a brief glimpse inside.

:02:33.:02:34.

It is known traces of DNA were recovered in both apartments.

:02:35.:02:37.

It matched samples recovered from Abaaoud's body in Paris.

:02:38.:02:44.

He described a raid earlier this year.

:02:45.:02:51.

Police say to me, did you see somebody?

:02:52.:02:55.

He said a lot of people were coming and going from the apartment,

:02:56.:03:04.

not speaking Greek, and it was always noisy.

:03:05.:03:09.

It is not entirely clear how Abaaoud slipped through

:03:10.:03:11.

There may have been an attempt to track him down

:03:12.:03:14.

in this square by tracing the signal of his mobile phone.

:03:15.:03:17.

The Greek authorities are not confirming any details.

:03:18.:03:21.

All that is known is that he got away.

:03:22.:03:23.

And Abaaoud is not the only link between Greece

:03:24.:03:25.

the only gunman still on the run, travelled to Greece

:03:26.:03:32.

by ferry from Italy on the 1st of August, leaving three days later.

:03:33.:03:37.

And two of the suicide bombers that attacked the Stade de France,

:03:38.:03:41.

they crossed by boat from Turkey to the island of Leros

:03:42.:03:44.

Much of the detail that has emerged raises questions about how to create

:03:45.:03:51.

a better exchange of information and closer cooperation

:03:52.:03:53.

between anti-terrorism authorities in different European countries.

:03:54.:03:57.

But the link with Abaaoud is also

:03:58.:03:58.

If he had been captured in Greece back in January, the attacks in

:03:59.:04:04.

Now a story that has been getting a huge amount of public attention.

:04:05.:04:22.

The Republican presidential front-runner, Donald Trump,

:04:23.:04:23.

has faced widespread condemnation, after saying all Muslims should be

:04:24.:04:26.

prevented from entering the United States.

:04:27.:04:27.

The billionaire, who has made a series of controversial remarks

:04:28.:04:30.

throughout the presidential race, issued his latest call after last

:04:31.:04:32.

His dream of becoming President is propelled

:04:33.:04:40.

and also his hardline stance on immigration.

:04:41.:04:42.

But Donald Trump is now advocating a policy Americans normally

:04:43.:04:46.

associate with far right hate groups,

:04:47.:04:48.

a blanket ban on foreign Muslims entering the country.

:04:49.:04:53.

Donald J Trump is calling for a total

:04:54.:04:57.

and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our

:04:58.:05:00.

country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on.

:05:01.:05:08.

The more outrageous his remarks, the more cheers

:05:09.:05:10.

They have helped make him a front runner

:05:11.:05:22.

Rivals call him unhinged and offensive...

:05:23.:05:28.

This morning on breakfast television he seemed almost to revel in it.

:05:29.:05:31.

We have people that want to blow up our buildings, our cities and we

:05:32.:05:35.

Last week's attack in San Bernardino has spread fears

:05:36.:05:41.

in America about the threat from home-grown terrorism and some

:05:42.:05:44.

I think it is a good idea with everything going on

:05:45.:05:49.

It sounds harsh, but that is the reality.

:05:50.:05:53.

There has been an acid shower of criticism.

:05:54.:06:01.

This newspaper compared Trump to Adolf Hitler.

:06:02.:06:03.

American Muslims have also expressed outrage.

:06:04.:06:05.

Donald Trump sounds more like a leader of a lynch mob than

:06:06.:06:08.

The dominant view is that shutting out Muslims would be un-American

:06:09.:06:17.

It's worth remembering these were not off-the-cuff remarks,

:06:18.:06:22.

they were the product of a political calculation.

:06:23.:06:27.

Donald Trump is an astute businessman who knows an extreme

:06:28.:06:29.

stance on immigration, however controversial, however offensive,

:06:30.:06:31.

But to many he is devaluing the very notion of a United States

:06:32.:06:39.

of America and trashing this country's international brand.

:06:40.:06:49.

In the last hour a White House spokesman suggested Donald Trump's

:06:50.:06:55.

comments should disqualify him from becoming president.

:06:56.:07:01.

He added they were the worst judge campaign. His campaign has had a

:07:02.:07:09.

dustbin of history like qualities to it, from the vacuous slogans and

:07:10.:07:12.

outright lies and even the fake hair. The whole carnival routine

:07:13.:07:18.

that we have seen for some time now. The question now is about the rest

:07:19.:07:25.

of the Republican Party. Whether or not they are going to be dragged

:07:26.:07:28.

into the dustbin of history with them. Right now the current

:07:29.:07:33.

trajectory is not very good. The White House press secretary. David

:07:34.:07:38.

Willets is in San Bernardino, the scene of the shooting last week.

:07:39.:07:41.

This is where a terrorist attack actually happened on US soil. What

:07:42.:07:46.

are people saying here about double Trump's comments about Muslims?

:07:47.:07:52.

Donald Trump cited the events in this building behind me as the

:07:53.:07:56.

reason for his view that Muslims should be banned from the US until

:07:57.:08:02.

things are sorted out on this front. They are incendiary comments. They

:08:03.:08:06.

have been attacked even by members of his own party and rivals for the

:08:07.:08:12.

presidential nomination. Some people here, a minority, very small

:08:13.:08:17.

minority probably agree with Donald Trump's remarks. But the vast

:08:18.:08:22.

percentage, the bulk of the people we talked to this morning feel that

:08:23.:08:28.

this United States was built on that policy of inclusion and that's to

:08:29.:08:37.

ostracise one particular group of people, one religious group, if you

:08:38.:08:42.

like, would fly completely in the face of all the United States of

:08:43.:08:43.

America truly stands for. face of all the United States of

:08:44.:08:49.

days on, how much is the picture of what happened in San Bernardino

:08:50.:08:57.

becoming clear? I am sorry, would you mind repeating? How much is the

:08:58.:09:03.

picture of what happened in San Bernardino becoming clear, if you

:09:04.:09:09.

can catch that this time? UEFA you know what, the FBI has gone into the

:09:10.:09:18.

conference room here. It is trying to piece together what actually

:09:19.:09:20.

happened in that attack, just under one week ago. They are undergoing

:09:21.:09:28.

some kind of time frame picture reconstruction at the moment, trying

:09:29.:09:32.

to pinpoint exactly what happened and when. It has also emerged, just

:09:33.:09:39.

in the last year, people in this building also underwent a training

:09:40.:09:44.

exercise intended to prepare them for just this kind of eventuality.

:09:45.:09:49.

We do not know whether one of the gun men in this attack was actually

:09:50.:09:54.

part of that exercise. But the FBI said that it had interviewed about

:09:55.:09:58.

400 people since the attack last week, collecting 380 pieces of

:09:59.:10:04.

evidence, many of which are being analysed at their headquarters on

:10:05.:10:08.

the East Coast, and they make the point it will be a long and

:10:09.:10:12.

painstaking investigation. David, thank you very much. David in San

:10:13.:10:15.

Bernardino, California. Bruce Orwall, the bureau chief of

:10:16.:10:19.

the Wall Street Journal's London office says Mr Trump's comments may

:10:20.:10:21.

have been a tactical move. You have to remember this statement

:10:22.:10:29.

came out some hours after he was shown to be behind in the polls in

:10:30.:10:35.

the crucial state of Iowa, where the sweepstakes kick-off. It could be

:10:36.:10:40.

trying to distinguish himself among Republican rivals of which there are

:10:41.:10:45.

a lot, 12 or 14 at last count rather than playing to the broader

:10:46.:10:49.

populace. But it still carries an enormous amount of risk to go ahead

:10:50.:10:54.

with a sweeping statement like that. If that is the intention it seems to

:10:55.:10:58.

be working because it puts Ted Cruz in the lead. But who are people

:10:59.:11:04.

talking about? Not him. I suppose it is true that it is better to be

:11:05.:11:09.

mentioned than not. But there is a long game to play on a big statement

:11:10.:11:14.

like that. It will put a lotta people in a precarious situation

:11:15.:11:18.

where other Republican candidates will be under pressure to distance

:11:19.:11:22.

themselves from Donald Trump if he emerges as the nominee of the party

:11:23.:11:28.

in a few months. It could make it more difficult for him to solicit

:11:29.:11:32.

support from other party members. What do you think of the support we

:11:33.:11:35.

are hearing from what Donald Trump is saying? You have to understand I

:11:36.:11:41.

think we have a bit of a global perspective. It is not just a US

:11:42.:11:45.

phenomenon. In Europe we have seen the last couple of years support on

:11:46.:11:49.

the immigration issue drifting, sometimes

:11:50.:11:54.

the immigration issue drifting, right-wing parties, preaching this

:11:55.:11:57.

message. It happened after the Charlie Hebdo attacks in

:11:58.:12:00.

message. It happened after the earlier this year. Then we had the

:12:01.:12:01.

big migration wave which earlier this year. Then we had the

:12:02.:12:08.

lot of support to those parties. And now after the more recent Paris

:12:09.:12:12.

attacks for example, the National party in France is doing

:12:13.:12:16.

attacks for example, the National in the regional elections under way

:12:17.:12:19.

there. And may have unprecedented power. It is not necessarily an

:12:20.:12:23.

unusual cards to play. We will bring you what we are

:12:24.:12:33.

hearing from the defence Ministry in Russia. The military has launched a

:12:34.:12:36.

barrage of air and missile strikes in Syria and notably for the first

:12:37.:12:42.

time it has launched a new cruise missile from a submarine. The

:12:43.:12:47.

Minister said that the cruise missile was launched in the

:12:48.:12:54.

Mediterranean and successfully hit its designated target. Bombers have

:12:55.:13:00.

also taken part in the latest raids, 60 sorties in the last three days.

:13:01.:13:06.

For the first time the Russians are saying that they have launched an

:13:07.:13:10.

attack on targets in Syria from a submarine. We will bring you more

:13:11.:13:13.

details on that as we get them. Reports

:13:14.:13:18.

from Iraq say government forces have recaptured a key district

:13:19.:13:21.

in the city of Ramadi, which was seized by the so-called Islamic

:13:22.:13:24.

State group earlier this year. Iraqi media reports say the Tameem

:13:25.:13:26.

area in the south-west of the city is now in the hands

:13:27.:13:29.

of government forces. The South African athlete,

:13:30.:13:34.

Oscar Pistorius, has been granted bail while he

:13:35.:13:37.

awaits sentence for murdering his Judges changed his conviction from

:13:38.:13:40.

manslaughter to murder last week but he intends to mount an appeal at

:13:41.:13:47.

South Africa's Constitutional Court. Schools, factories and building

:13:48.:13:51.

sites in Beijing have been closed as part of an effort to reduce air

:13:52.:13:53.

pollution in the Chinese capital. Half of the city's vehicles

:13:54.:13:56.

have been banned from driving. The red alert

:13:57.:13:59.

for pollution is expected to remain As Beijing feels the effects

:14:00.:14:02.

of pollution, the chances of a new global climate deal have received a

:14:03.:14:10.

boost with the announcement that the European Union will join an alliance

:14:11.:14:13.

with 79 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries in a final push

:14:14.:14:16.

for agreement at talks in Paris. Matt McGrath is there for us now. It

:14:17.:14:32.

is significant and interesting. It unifies the developed and developing

:14:33.:14:36.

world. Nothing really gets done at the United Nations unless both sides

:14:37.:14:40.

are involved. We have had coalitions of developing countries and richer

:14:41.:14:42.

countries coming together with polarisation between them. That is

:14:43.:14:46.

what the European Alliance does in the last couple of days of this

:14:47.:14:51.

talks, putting together a frame of a coalition of countries developing

:14:52.:14:55.

and the richer in a unified platform. They are clear about what

:14:56.:14:58.

they want with a legally binding deal. They want transparency, some

:14:59.:15:02.

money has been put into it by the European Union. It is sending a

:15:03.:15:06.

positive signal to the rest of the talks for the other teams and

:15:07.:15:09.

negotiators that a deal can be done. Well into week two. What is the

:15:10.:15:18.

sense? Is it cautious optimism? I hate to use that cliche but it is a

:15:19.:15:22.

sense of cautious optimism and I suppose the reason to some extent is

:15:23.:15:25.

the French presidency. They have guided the talks well. Negotiators

:15:26.:15:30.

seem willing to do a deal. We got a couple of crunch moments in the next

:15:31.:15:34.

couple of days, with the long cherished hopes and ambitions of

:15:35.:15:36.

many partners having to be put aside. I'm told the president here

:15:37.:15:42.

would like a document tomorrow which has got a range of two choices on

:15:43.:15:45.

each of the key questions. If that is the case, some important pieces

:15:46.:15:50.

will have to be left outside. Some countries might object. I think that

:15:51.:15:53.

is a real point of impact and interest as well, to see of these

:15:54.:15:57.

countries will object the server as lead to what is left of the

:15:58.:16:00.

document. For most people at the moment there is a sense of optimism

:16:01.:16:04.

and at a deal, an important and strong one, can be done at the

:16:05.:16:06.

weekend. Taliban militants have attacked

:16:07.:16:08.

the airport complex in southern A spokesman for the provincial

:16:09.:16:10.

governor said the Taliban stormed the main gate of the facility,

:16:11.:16:13.

encountering heavy resistance The sprawling Kandahar Air Field,

:16:14.:16:16.

south of the city, has both Inayatulhaq Yasini is from

:16:17.:16:20.

BBC Pashto. Government troops are claiming they

:16:21.:16:36.

have surrounded attackers. They said that they have vacated themselves in

:16:37.:16:42.

two places, one is a school, they estimate four, five are dead and two

:16:43.:16:46.

in a house. They are claiming civilian casualties and moving very

:16:47.:16:50.

slowly. On the other hand, before coming to the studio, the Taliban,

:16:51.:16:53.

he spokesman said on Twitter that cited is going on -- fighting is

:16:54.:16:59.

going on and they have had a lot of casualties from government forces.

:17:00.:17:04.

How significant is it when Kandahar has been considered a Taliban

:17:05.:17:09.

stronghold? It was and it is. The men fighting the Taliban are mainly

:17:10.:17:14.

from the South and from Kandahar. The important thing is international

:17:15.:17:18.

forces are present. American bases are there. The government is not

:17:19.:17:21.

saying that they are involved in the operation but they are there. They

:17:22.:17:26.

must be having some involvement. The timing is important. This was the

:17:27.:17:32.

first day of conference in Islamabad. The regional conference.

:17:33.:17:35.

They have brought leaders and ministers to talk about needing

:17:36.:17:41.

cooperation and Security and on the sidelines we will have discussions

:17:42.:17:44.

on the peace process. One candidate is going tomorrow. The Taliban has

:17:45.:17:50.

chosen a very important time. The other thing is that for the last

:17:51.:17:57.

four or five days there was a rumour the leader was killed in fighting.

:17:58.:18:00.

They are serving things have not happened. -- showing. That's the

:18:01.:18:05.

leadership is intact and they can strike whenever they want. We were

:18:06.:18:11.

seeing it was coming and we have had of this attack. Now there are

:18:12.:18:18.

attacks out there. It is one of the oldest slams in Nigeria's largest

:18:19.:18:22.

city and home to more than 100,000 people. -- slams. It sits on a

:18:23.:18:29.

lagoon in Lagos. And as we report, it is an extraordinary floating

:18:30.:18:31.

school here giving children the chance of a better life. It is

:18:32.:18:41.

called Little Venice. The school run is under way. These children are the

:18:42.:18:44.

sons and daughters of fishermen. Water is in the blood. What the

:18:45.:18:51.

community lacks in glamour it makes up for in greatness. Change has come

:18:52.:18:57.

to this area. An extraordinary floating school, widening horizons

:18:58.:19:03.

and giving the children a leg up in life. This classroom is on the third

:19:04.:19:09.

floor of the floating school. What is remarkable about the structure is

:19:10.:19:14.

if you walk upstairs, you will find my favourite feature of this boat

:19:15.:19:20.

will stop following me here. This is it. A second classroom. And this

:19:21.:19:29.

classroom his open air. A cool breeze is blowing through as the

:19:30.:19:32.

children are learning. One other thing you should know, take a look

:19:33.:19:34.

at this. It is a unique view of the thing you should know, take a look

:19:35.:19:43.

come from. The school is giving the children an opportunity to think

:19:44.:19:48.

big. I want to be a lawyer and fight for human rights. I want to be a

:19:49.:19:56.

businessman. I want to be a rich man. You want to be a rich man? And

:19:57.:20:04.

what is special about this school? I like it. It is for a team. It was

:20:05.:20:10.

founded -Noah, the first and his family to get an education. -- by

:20:11.:20:12.

Noah. We have got all of the family to get an education. -- by

:20:13.:20:20.

challenges. At 22 children, I am the last one of the family and I have

:20:21.:20:24.

the lucky guy. That opened the school. Lunchtime and the meals

:20:25.:20:29.

arrive. It is part of a community pulling together to give their kids

:20:30.:20:31.

a chance. It is the most famous painting in

:20:32.:20:41.

the world but is it really the original face painted by Leonardo da

:20:42.:20:46.

Vinci? A print scientist has bent more than one decade studying the

:20:47.:20:51.

Mona Lisa and says he has proved to need the famous portrait is the

:20:52.:20:56.

picture of another woman. But it is claiming controversy in the art

:20:57.:20:57.

world. -- causing. Her smile and mystery has gripped

:20:58.:21:01.

the nation for more than 500 years. giving up some of her secret? A

:21:02.:21:16.

the painting at the Louvre in Paris over a decade ago. -- rare access.

:21:17.:21:23.

He has scrutinised the masterpiece. The painting has been analysed by a

:21:24.:21:26.

multilayer 's camera under intense light. We can peel back all of the

:21:27.:21:35.

layer of paint. He claims to have discovered an earlier portrait

:21:36.:21:38.

beneath the surface. Working from his scanners, he was able to create

:21:39.:21:43.

this reconstruction of what he thinks that version looks like.

:21:44.:21:47.

Side-by-side with the portrait today. For me this is not the same

:21:48.:21:55.

woman. Look at this painting which we all know. She is staring straight

:21:56.:22:03.

at you with an enigmatic smile. In the new image underneath, instead of

:22:04.:22:07.

gazing directly, she is looking to the side and there is no trace of

:22:08.:22:13.

that famous smile. There has always been a debate about her true

:22:14.:22:14.

identity. Over the been a debate about her true

:22:15.:22:24.

time suck legend. How likely is it -- silk merchant. This man

:22:25.:22:32.

time suck legend. How likely is it this latest scientific research. I

:22:33.:22:37.

think these new discoveries are like a massive

:22:38.:22:40.

think these new discoveries are like still waters of art history. They

:22:41.:22:42.

disturb everything we thought we still waters of art history. They

:22:43.:22:47.

knew about the Mona Lisa. We will probably have some reluctance from

:22:48.:22:50.

the authorities to think about changing the title of the painting

:22:51.:22:53.

because that is what we are talking about. It is goodbye, Mona Lisa. She

:22:54.:23:00.

is somebody else. The Luke Rowe has declined to comment and the findings

:23:01.:23:06.

have divided opinion. -- Museum. Not all scientists are convinced of

:23:07.:23:08.

another portrait underneath. It may show what he was thinking about,

:23:09.:23:14.

Leonardo. But the idea of a picture underneath the surface I think is

:23:15.:23:18.

untenable. I think there is almost no doubt it is Mona Lisa. More than

:23:19.:23:23.

9 million people flock to see the painting in a year. In 500 years it

:23:24.:23:27.

shame seekers still keeping everybody guessing. -- it seems she

:23:28.:23:34.

is still keeping people guessing. They were on stage when the suicide

:23:35.:23:38.

bombers burst into the theatre killing 90 people. The rock band had

:23:39.:23:44.

made a surprise and emotional return to the city, having laid flowers

:23:45.:23:48.

outside the venue where so many of their fans died. On Monday night

:23:49.:23:52.

they appeared at a concert alongside U2. It is the first time they had

:23:53.:23:57.

performed since escaping from the Paris attacks. Welcome the Eagles of

:23:58.:24:04.

death metal. It was more than a guess spot. -- guest spot. This band

:24:05.:24:11.

returned to a personal horror, the city where they saw friends,

:24:12.:24:14.

colleagues and fans murdered in front of them. The last time they

:24:15.:24:20.

performed it was the night of the terrorist attack when they heard

:24:21.:24:24.

gunfire at the end of the song. Fans tried to escape and band members hit

:24:25.:24:29.

on the side of the stage. The lead singer saw a man with a gun raised

:24:30.:24:35.

in his hand and the barrel hit a door frame. It saved his life. This

:24:36.:24:42.

was, they said, an encore by a band bonded in grief with those lost and

:24:43.:24:47.

injured. The song they chose was an old paddy Smith number, people have

:24:48.:24:52.

the power. It is very brave to seeing this night. Because this band

:24:53.:25:06.

have seen the devil. It is very good therapy for the band. It was a very

:25:07.:25:12.

emotional moment for me. It was a very happy. The whole stage was with

:25:13.:25:26.

them. People have the power! People have the power! The lyrics, people

:25:27.:25:33.

have the power to rescue the Earth from fools. The music was over a few

:25:34.:25:40.

hours later. They returned to where it all happen. It was a moment of

:25:41.:25:43.

silence and reflection at the theatre.

:25:44.:25:49.

We have got a lot more on all of our stories on our website. That is all

:25:50.:25:55.

from this programme. The weather is coming up next. From me and the rest

:25:56.:25:58.

of the team, goodbye. Good evening. More wet weather in

:25:59.:26:10.

the forecast for the next few days but this rain will not be as heavy

:26:11.:26:14.

or as persistent as the destructive rain we saw over the weekend. High

:26:15.:26:16.

pressure

:26:17.:26:18.

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