09/12/2015 World News Today


09/12/2015

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

A major boost today for Syria's president Assad after years

:00:07.:00:09.

Rebel fighters abandon the key city of Homs,

:00:10.:00:18.

the cradle of the uprising against President Assad.

:00:19.:00:20.

The outline of an international deal to limit climate change is published

:00:21.:00:23.

at talks in France, but that doesn't mean agreement yet on the way ahead.

:00:24.:00:26.

A 23-year-old from Strasbourg is identified as the third attacker

:00:27.:00:29.

of the Bataclan concert hall in Paris, where 90 people

:00:30.:00:32.

We're on the front line of the war against cocaine in Colombia.

:00:33.:00:41.

A special report from our team there.

:00:42.:00:51.

And two Ma sci-fi must have been charged after allegations that the

:00:52.:00:56.

poisoned to famous lions in Kenya. It's a major victory

:00:57.:01:08.

for President Assad's Rebel fighters have begun giving up

:01:09.:01:10.

the last district they control in the highly significant city

:01:11.:01:15.

of Homs, and they're Those departing are travelling under

:01:16.:01:17.

security escort to the northern area of Idlib, withdrawing as part

:01:18.:01:23.

of a local ceasefire. The city played a key role

:01:24.:01:27.

at the start of the uprising against the government

:01:28.:01:33.

of President Bashar al-Assad, earning itself the nickname

:01:34.:01:36.

"the cradle of the revolution". It's Syria's third-largest city,

:01:37.:01:40.

located about 160 kilometres A decade ago, there were around

:01:41.:01:44.

650,000 people living there. Anti-government protests began

:01:45.:01:50.

in Homs in early 2011, during what became known

:01:51.:01:54.

as the Arab Spring. The Syrian Government

:01:55.:01:58.

responded with force. Dozens died, and the protests turned

:01:59.:02:00.

into a full uprising. Over the next five years,

:02:01.:02:04.

thousands of people died The city became a stronghold

:02:05.:02:06.

of the Free Syrian Army, although the Al-Qaeda-linked

:02:07.:02:11.

Al-Nusra front was also active Syrian Government forces

:02:12.:02:13.

maintained their siege. In the last few months,

:02:14.:02:19.

they have been supported by Russian warplanes carrying out air

:02:20.:02:22.

strikes on rebel positions. A ceasefire was finally brokered

:02:23.:02:25.

by the United Nations, and so today, the last rebels

:02:26.:02:29.

are withdrawing to other rebel-held Our chief international

:02:30.:02:33.

correspondent Lyse Doucet is in the Al Waer neighbourhood

:02:34.:02:38.

in Homs, standing by as several hundred fighters and their families

:02:39.:02:42.

depart after years of unrest. The families of the fighters

:02:43.:02:49.

were the first to leave, bringing whatever they could carry.

:02:50.:02:52.

The UN was on hand to help. The fighters gathered

:02:53.:02:58.

at the entrance to Al Waer, some still carrying

:02:59.:03:00.

their personal weapons. These are the men with extremist

:03:01.:03:04.

groups, some with Al-Qaeda links, On the other side,

:03:05.:03:06.

the soldiers they fought About 100 families are being

:03:07.:03:11.

bussed to northern Syria, The fighters will continue

:03:12.:03:19.

waging war from there. It's hard for anyone to leave home,

:03:20.:03:25.

especially when you don't Local aid workers try

:03:26.:03:28.

to make it a bit easier. But there is also relief to leave

:03:29.:03:34.

a besieged area where food Mohammed tells me it

:03:35.:03:38.

was very difficult. "I have back problems

:03:39.:03:46.

and there was no medication." It's very important, he says,

:03:47.:03:50.

what's happening today. "But, one day, I hope

:03:51.:03:53.

to return to my home." This neighbourhood,

:03:54.:03:57.

when the crisis hit, about 300,000 people

:03:58.:04:03.

were living here. We believe with the implementation

:04:04.:04:05.

of this agreement, more people will opt to come

:04:06.:04:12.

back to their homes. The government calls

:04:13.:04:15.

this reconciliation. The critics say this is a surrender

:04:16.:04:19.

forced by the government's siege of Al Waer, which cut off food

:04:20.:04:29.

and water to the community. TRANSLATION: We don't

:04:30.:04:32.

see it this way. What we see is that most

:04:33.:04:35.

of the armed groups here in al-Wair And that will bring peace

:04:36.:04:38.

and security to Homs. This is both a military ceasefire

:04:39.:04:44.

as well as a humanitarian agreement. There are those who believe this

:04:45.:04:49.

is the only real forward But this local ceasefire

:04:50.:04:52.

took nearly two years Every deal will depend

:04:53.:04:56.

on who's doing the fighting, Today's ceasefire means the fighting

:04:57.:05:03.

across Homs is now over. That's a relief to many

:05:04.:05:12.

who paid a terrible price. But the war in Syria

:05:13.:05:16.

is far from over. After a week and a half

:05:17.:05:19.

of negotiations at the UN climate change talks in Paris,

:05:20.:05:30.

a new draft agreement Representatives of almost 200

:05:31.:05:33.

countries are trying to hammer out than two Celsius above

:05:34.:05:38.

pre-industrial levels - difficult and unsuccessful

:05:39.:06:02.

negotiations to try to come up with a global

:06:03.:06:05.

negotiations to try to come up with change. So what happened today

:06:06.:06:09.

negotiations to try to come up with significant. The French, who were

:06:10.:06:13.

posting this conference, came up with

:06:14.:06:17.

the basic building blocks for what could be

:06:18.:06:20.

the basic building blocks for what change. Lots of

:06:21.:06:22.

the basic building blocks for what still to be settled, but many see it

:06:23.:06:23.

as a promising start. Trying to tackle the world's

:06:24.:06:27.

changing climate - Today in Paris, delegates

:06:28.:06:29.

were given the latest draft of what could become

:06:30.:06:39.

a landmark reading. 29 pages designed to head off

:06:40.:06:43.

the dangers of rising temperatures. But developing nations said

:06:44.:06:47.

there was not enough I am worried about the fact

:06:48.:06:49.

there is no clear commitment yet from the international community,

:06:50.:06:57.

particularly the main emitters, in terms of what they are going

:06:58.:07:02.

to do in terms of support for the most vulnerable

:07:03.:07:07.

and small island states. Negotiators have been poring over

:07:08.:07:13.

this draft document, checking if it suits nearly 200

:07:14.:07:17.

different governments. I got my copy and, like everyone,

:07:18.:07:21.

I saw that while a lot of key points are agreed, many fundamental issues

:07:22.:07:25.

are still to be sorted. It talks of a goal to limit global

:07:26.:07:31.

warming, but to a rise of 1.5 It calls for deep cuts

:07:32.:07:35.

in greenhouse gases, It says there will be reviews

:07:36.:07:40.

of national climate plans, At the heart of this is a dispute

:07:41.:07:45.

over who should reduce the emissions Today, the United States called

:07:46.:07:53.

on the biggest developing countries Carbon pollution is carbon

:07:54.:07:57.

pollution, and it does the same damage whether it is coming

:07:58.:08:04.

from Baltimore or Beijing, We all have to be smarter

:08:05.:08:07.

about the future. The talks have gone far more

:08:08.:08:15.

smoothly than many expected, but long hours of

:08:16.:08:19.

haggling lie ahead. Yes, those talks will carry on

:08:20.:08:35.

possibly through the night. The French are determined to land that

:08:36.:08:39.

deal by the end of the week. Anyone's guess of whether that will

:08:40.:08:44.

be possible. Tell us more about who needs to be

:08:45.:08:50.

won over. That is a very interesting and difficult question. The big

:08:51.:08:54.

industrialised countries want to make sure that the emerging giants,

:08:55.:08:58.

China and India in particular, are included in a deal and will agree to

:08:59.:09:04.

a programme of every five years or so having their carbon reduction

:09:05.:09:08.

plans scrutinised in some form. That is the real sticking point. For the

:09:09.:09:13.

developing countries, the big thing is that question of finance. They

:09:14.:09:17.

have looked at the science and think they will be hardest hit by global

:09:18.:09:22.

warming. They also look at the costs of renewable technology, which at

:09:23.:09:27.

the moment, are more expensive than say burning coal or gas. They want

:09:28.:09:31.

financial help with that and they want it specified in this document.

:09:32.:09:36.

Of course, the richest nations are not totally sure of how much they

:09:37.:09:40.

want to pay up or how much they want on their hands tied over that

:09:41.:09:49.

question of finance. The richer states need to help with the polar

:09:50.:09:53.

nation states as well. Lots to haggle, much of it very fundamental.

:09:54.:09:56.

French police have identified the third suicide bomber

:09:57.:09:58.

who attacked the Bataclan last month.

:09:59.:10:00.

90 of the 130 people killed in the Paris attacks died

:10:01.:10:02.

23-year-old French-born Foued Mohamed Aggad is said to have

:10:03.:10:06.

travelled to fight in Syria in 2013, along with his brother.

:10:07.:10:10.

The couple responsible for carrying out the San Bernadino shooting

:10:11.:11:22.

were radicalised at least two years prior to carrying out the attack.

:11:23.:11:25.

FBI Director James B Comey said that investigators believe that

:11:26.:11:27.

Syed Rizwan Farook and his wife, Tashfeen Malik, were radicalised

:11:28.:11:30.

before they began their online relationship in 2013.

:11:31.:11:39.

I have been getting more about that from Washington. Philippa, this is

:11:40.:11:46.

the latest on an investigation that is in its early stages. What we

:11:47.:11:51.

getting now is a gradual build-up of the picture of who these two people

:11:52.:11:57.

wear. The most important question for investigators called on what was

:11:58.:12:02.

their motivation? Lawmakers were updated today and this is what he

:12:03.:12:08.

said. San Bernardino involved two killers who were radicalised for

:12:09.:12:10.

quite a long time before their attack. In fact, our investigation

:12:11.:12:16.

today, which I can only say so much about, indicates they were

:12:17.:12:20.

radicalised before they started dating each other online. That was

:12:21.:12:27.

as early as the end of 2013. They were talking about a jihad and

:12:28.:12:31.

martyr, before they became engaged and then married in the United

:12:32.:12:36.

States. One of the big questions is whether their relationship was set

:12:37.:12:42.

up somehow by a terrorist group, or whether they came together

:12:43.:12:47.

naturally, as at where. That is a huge question. One of the focuses of

:12:48.:12:51.

the investigation. What is interesting is that these comments

:12:52.:12:58.

tend to imply that they contradict earlier suggestions that it was

:12:59.:13:02.

Tashfeen Malik who radicalised her husband. There had been a lot of

:13:03.:13:07.

speculation that perhaps she had entered the US. We know she came via

:13:08.:13:11.

Pakistan and lived for some time in Saudi Arabia and had encountered

:13:12.:13:15.

extremist views in those countries, and perhaps brought those into the

:13:16.:13:20.

US and then radicalised her husband. What they are saying now is that

:13:21.:13:24.

they were radicalised independently before they met, which is quite

:13:25.:13:29.

different. That is something they are continuing to look at. As you

:13:30.:13:34.

say, whether or not they were actually brought together by some

:13:35.:13:39.

kind of terrorist organisations, if not Islamic State itself. Briefly,

:13:40.:13:43.

has this tragedy, this shooting, changed the debate on gun control or

:13:44.:13:49.

not? I think they are being seen as two separate issues. I think the

:13:50.:13:55.

terrorism investigation has eclipsed to a certain extent of the debate on

:13:56.:13:59.

gun control, although great questions are being asked about how

:14:00.:14:02.

it was that these two people that were able to fly under the radar,

:14:03.:14:09.

undetected, and still able to get together this enormous stockpile of

:14:10.:14:13.

weapons, including guns that they were able to modify and make even

:14:14.:14:18.

more dangerous. And of course pipe bombs. Was there anything, any

:14:19.:14:22.

control, that could have been put in place or indeed existed that could

:14:23.:14:23.

have prevented this? The row over Donald Trump's remarks

:14:24.:14:42.

has been venerated across the world. In the UK, a petition has been set

:14:43.:14:46.

up calling for Mr Trump to be banned from the country. It has gained tens

:14:47.:14:53.

of thousands of supporters. 270,000 plus signatures at the moment. In

:14:54.:14:59.

fact, I think it is going up to around 280 9000. In just a moment,

:15:00.:15:03.

we will talk to Suzanne Kelly, who set up that campaign.

:15:04.:15:06.

But first, Donald Trump's remarks were came up in the UK Parliament.

:15:07.:15:08.

Hear how the Chancellor George Osborne dealt with a question

:15:09.:15:11.

about the Republican presidential candidate.

:15:12.:15:15.

You mag the best way to confront the views of someone like Donald Trump

:15:16.:15:22.

is to engage any robust democratic right and with him about why he is

:15:23.:15:27.

profoundly wrong about the contribution of American Muslims and

:15:28.:15:29.

indeed British Muslims, and that is Suzanne, it is fair to say you have

:15:30.:15:30.

the best way to deal with Suzanne, it is fair to say you have

:15:31.:15:53.

spent a long time campaigning against Donald Trump. Why has this

:15:54.:15:58.

particular petition taken off? I think that his latest remarks have

:15:59.:16:02.

been proving too much for just about anybody. I cannot think of a

:16:03.:16:07.

nationality, a religion or a sex that this man has not insulted. To

:16:08.:16:12.

have him be president with this sort of

:16:13.:16:15.

have him be president with this sort Thankfully, there are UK laws that

:16:16.:16:19.

will allow us to discuss banning him, which is marvellous. Tell us

:16:20.:16:21.

more about those laws, because they more about those laws, because they

:16:22.:16:24.

have been applied against quite a few people's we have banned

:16:25.:16:29.

have been applied against quite a people for hate speech. I am not

:16:30.:16:33.

against free speech. These are very different things. The remarks of

:16:34.:16:38.

Donald Trump and the kind of remarks you would find in somebody maybe who

:16:39.:16:45.

has got sympathies of steering trouble up rather than solving

:16:46.:16:47.

problems. We ban people for far less. What about the possibility

:16:48.:16:53.

that you are playing into his hands? He loves people to react. It is more

:16:54.:17:01.

publicity? Well, perhaps he loves publicity, but at the moment, he has

:17:02.:17:06.

been banned from Robert Gordon University. They have revoked

:17:07.:17:11.

been banned from Robert Gordon honorary degree. Things are turning

:17:12.:17:15.

against him. What happens now with the

:17:16.:17:16.

against him. What happens now with Westminster? And the obliged

:17:17.:17:21.

against him. What happens now with debate the possibility of a ban? Now

:17:22.:17:23.

that 100,000 people have signed the petition, they have to to discuss

:17:24.:17:27.

it. I do think that Mr Osborne might disagree, but I think it is a

:17:28.:17:32.

definite plan that we might be able to see this hate speech President

:17:33.:17:37.

banned. Thank you very much for joining us from our studio in

:17:38.:17:38.

Aberdeen. British anti-narcotics officers have

:17:39.:17:40.

spoken openly for the first time Speaking exclusively to the BBC,

:17:41.:17:43.

the National Crime Agency, often dubbed Britain's FBI,

:17:44.:17:46.

has revealed it is involved in intelligence and logistics

:17:47.:17:50.

operations with Colombian forces and making a difference,

:17:51.:17:54.

despite a recent rise This report was filed

:17:55.:17:57.

by our international correspondent, Ian Pannell and cameraman

:17:58.:18:01.

Darren Conway. It is one of the most violent

:18:02.:18:07.

cities in South America. Buenaventura is notorious

:18:08.:18:16.

for its chop houses where gangs It is also where much of the cocaine

:18:17.:18:19.

that reaches America A trade that shatters this community

:18:20.:18:27.

and forces its children into a world The government says things

:18:28.:18:34.

are improving here. When she dared to stand up

:18:35.:18:40.

to the drug gangs her 15-year-old TRANSLATION: I do not know

:18:41.:18:47.

if they did it to punish me because I have always tried to help

:18:48.:18:53.

the youngsters here. They taught me a lesson

:18:54.:18:56.

because they did not just kill The choices are often stark

:18:57.:18:59.

for the sons and daughters Children become recruits

:19:00.:19:05.

or victims of the gangs. When day passes to night,

:19:06.:19:13.

it is the sicarios that An assassin who kills

:19:14.:19:15.

people for his boss. Can you explain what is

:19:16.:19:24.

the life of a sicario? The boss calls me and tells me,

:19:25.:19:28.

we have to kill this guy. For the inside story on the cocaine

:19:29.:19:37.

trade we met a British drug For security reasons,

:19:38.:19:57.

we cannot show his identity. Cocaine is just such a popular

:19:58.:20:04.

fashionable drug and the money is so big that nine out of ten

:20:05.:20:07.

people would say yes to that That makes the risk that people

:20:08.:20:10.

like yourself take worth taking? Well, if you're talking

:20:11.:20:14.

about an average yearly salary being able to be earned

:20:15.:20:16.

in 24 hours, yes. I do not think cocaine production

:20:17.:20:19.

in South America will ever stop and I do not think the consumption

:20:20.:20:22.

of cocaine will ever stop. High in the hills on the border

:20:23.:20:29.

with Venezuela, police move in. They have a tip there is a cocaine

:20:30.:20:37.

lab here hidden deep in the woods. Officers were deployed shortly

:20:38.:20:44.

after midnight and have moved They have managed

:20:45.:20:47.

to make one arrest. This is the key part

:20:48.:20:52.

of the laboratory. The cocaine paste is brought up

:20:53.:20:55.

the hill and processed and this Britain's National Crime Agency took

:20:56.:20:58.

part in this operation, We spoke to one of their officers

:20:59.:21:06.

involved in the raid It is important to Britain

:21:07.:21:11.

and important to the NCA because all of the labs that we blow

:21:12.:21:15.

up, all the cocaine that is seized here, is cocaine that is not

:21:16.:21:22.

going to the UK, coming to Europe, Explosives rigged and the British

:21:23.:21:25.

officers and Colombian police pull-back, knowing tomorrow

:21:26.:21:31.

this fight starts again. In a war against cocaine,

:21:32.:21:38.

it may well be impossible to win. Two Masai farmers have been charged

:21:39.:21:52.

after allegations that they poisoned Eight lions from the Marsh Pride

:21:53.:21:54.

in the Masai Mara national Reserve Two others have been found dead,

:21:55.:21:59.

including a 17-year-old female called Bibi who was filmed

:22:00.:22:03.

for the BBC series Big Cat Diaries. It's thought that the lions had

:22:04.:22:07.

killed three of the farmers' cows. Our correspondent Alastair Leithead

:22:08.:22:13.

gave us this update from Kenya. This is a vast space, but there are

:22:14.:22:26.

competing demands for the land. Between those who are trying to

:22:27.:22:29.

protect the wildlife in the national park and the Masai herdsman. We are

:22:30.:22:39.

going into a Masai cultural village to meet the chief and try to get a

:22:40.:22:43.

sense of what those conflicts, what those problems can be. Thanks very

:22:44.:22:48.

much for inviting us in today. One of the issues here is competition

:22:49.:22:52.

for grass, for land, for your cattle, isn't it? I tell you,

:22:53.:22:58.

because we live in density, we do not have enough grass here. That is

:22:59.:23:07.

why we take our cattle at night to go where the wild animal lives. How

:23:08.:23:11.

many animals are killed by Lions? How much of a problem is it for you?

:23:12.:23:17.

The lion is the animal, and hyenas... They are eaten almost

:23:18.:23:26.

every night. We get that problem. We get that problem several places

:23:27.:23:31.

around here. Sadly, the story has ended with another lion having died.

:23:32.:23:35.

In the back of that truck behind me, they have just loaded up a young

:23:36.:23:42.

male. He was poisoned originally. He was treated and they thought he was

:23:43.:23:47.

doing OK, but then overnight, he was attacked by Buffalo and he was found

:23:48.:23:53.

here in a really bad way. They have stepped in to put him down. That is

:23:54.:23:58.

another lion that has essentially died. There will be an investigation

:23:59.:24:02.

into exactly why it happened, what the process of events where.

:24:03.:24:08.

Now a musical story - North Korean leader Kim Jong Un

:24:09.:24:10.

is sending his all-female Moranbong band to perform in Beijing to help

:24:11.:24:13.

soothe relations with China - its only ally.

:24:14.:24:16.

To underline the diplomatic nature of the tour, they were waved off

:24:17.:24:19.

at Pyongyang railway station by some of the country's senior leaders.

:24:20.:24:24.

This will be their first international tour, with the line-up

:24:25.:24:27.

reported to have been handpicked by the leader himself.

:24:28.:24:31.

In morally conservative North Korea, the women often wear risque outfits

:24:32.:24:37.

and combine traditional music with Western pop culture.

:24:38.:24:40.

Syrian rebel fighters are abandoning the last district of the key city

:24:41.:25:16.

of Homs under their control - leaving it fully in government hands

:25:17.:25:20.

The withdrawal is part of a local ceasefire deal,

:25:21.:25:24.

and means the first convoys of food aid in nearly a year have been able

:25:25.:25:28.

The outline of an international deal to limit climate change has been

:25:29.:25:34.

published at talks in France - but several issues still

:25:35.:25:38.

He told delegates he expected them to work through the night.

:25:39.:25:53.

Well, that's all from the programme. Next, the weather.

:25:54.:25:55.

But for now, from me and the rest of the team,

:25:56.:26:08.

Hello. Gilles will be in place to make across the top north-west

:26:09.:26:16.

corner of the country. Sinking

:26:17.:26:18.

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