09/12/2015 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


A major boost today for Syria's president Assad after years


Rebel fighters abandon the key city of Homs,


the cradle of the uprising against President Assad.


The outline of an international deal to limit climate change is published


at talks in France, but that doesn't mean agreement yet on the way ahead.


A 23-year-old from Strasbourg is identified as the third attacker


of the Bataclan concert hall in Paris, where 90 people


We're on the front line of the war against cocaine in Colombia.


A special report from our team there.


And two Ma sci-fi must have been charged after allegations that the


poisoned to famous lions in Kenya. It's a major victory


for President Assad's Rebel fighters have begun giving up


the last district they control in the highly significant city


of Homs, and they're Those departing are travelling under


security escort to the northern area of Idlib, withdrawing as part


of a local ceasefire. The city played a key role


at the start of the uprising against the government


of President Bashar al-Assad, earning itself the nickname


"the cradle of the revolution". It's Syria's third-largest city,


located about 160 kilometres A decade ago, there were around


650,000 people living there. Anti-government protests began


in Homs in early 2011, during what became known


as the Arab Spring. The Syrian Government


responded with force. Dozens died, and the protests turned


into a full uprising. Over the next five years,


thousands of people died The city became a stronghold


of the Free Syrian Army, although the Al-Qaeda-linked


Al-Nusra front was also active Syrian Government forces


maintained their siege. In the last few months,


they have been supported by Russian warplanes carrying out air


strikes on rebel positions. A ceasefire was finally brokered


by the United Nations, and so today, the last rebels


are withdrawing to other rebel-held Our chief international


correspondent Lyse Doucet is in the Al Waer neighbourhood


in Homs, standing by as several hundred fighters and their families


depart after years of unrest. The families of the fighters


were the first to leave, bringing whatever they could carry.


The UN was on hand to help. The fighters gathered


at the entrance to Al Waer, some still carrying


their personal weapons. These are the men with extremist


groups, some with Al-Qaeda links, On the other side,


the soldiers they fought About 100 families are being


bussed to northern Syria, The fighters will continue


waging war from there. It's hard for anyone to leave home,


especially when you don't Local aid workers try


to make it a bit easier. But there is also relief to leave


a besieged area where food Mohammed tells me it


was very difficult. "I have back problems


and there was no medication." It's very important, he says,


what's happening today. "But, one day, I hope


to return to my home." This neighbourhood,


when the crisis hit, about 300,000 people


were living here. We believe with the implementation


of this agreement, more people will opt to come


back to their homes. The government calls


this reconciliation. The critics say this is a surrender


forced by the government's siege of Al Waer, which cut off food


and water to the community. TRANSLATION: We don't


see it this way. What we see is that most


of the armed groups here in al-Wair And that will bring peace


and security to Homs. This is both a military ceasefire


as well as a humanitarian agreement. There are those who believe this


is the only real forward But this local ceasefire


took nearly two years Every deal will depend


on who's doing the fighting, Today's ceasefire means the fighting


across Homs is now over. That's a relief to many


who paid a terrible price. But the war in Syria


is far from over. After a week and a half


of negotiations at the UN climate change talks in Paris,


a new draft agreement Representatives of almost 200


countries are trying to hammer out than two Celsius above


pre-industrial levels - difficult and unsuccessful


negotiations to try to come up with a global


negotiations to try to come up with change. So what happened today


negotiations to try to come up with significant. The French, who were


posting this conference, came up with


the basic building blocks for what could be


the basic building blocks for what change. Lots of


the basic building blocks for what still to be settled, but many see it


as a promising start. Trying to tackle the world's


changing climate - Today in Paris, delegates


were given the latest draft of what could become


a landmark reading. 29 pages designed to head off


the dangers of rising temperatures. But developing nations said


there was not enough I am worried about the fact


there is no clear commitment yet from the international community,


particularly the main emitters, in terms of what they are going


to do in terms of support for the most vulnerable


and small island states. Negotiators have been poring over


this draft document, checking if it suits nearly 200


different governments. I got my copy and, like everyone,


I saw that while a lot of key points are agreed, many fundamental issues


are still to be sorted. It talks of a goal to limit global


warming, but to a rise of 1.5 It calls for deep cuts


in greenhouse gases, It says there will be reviews


of national climate plans, At the heart of this is a dispute


over who should reduce the emissions Today, the United States called


on the biggest developing countries Carbon pollution is carbon


pollution, and it does the same damage whether it is coming


from Baltimore or Beijing, We all have to be smarter


about the future. The talks have gone far more


smoothly than many expected, but long hours of


haggling lie ahead. Yes, those talks will carry on


possibly through the night. The French are determined to land that


deal by the end of the week. Anyone's guess of whether that will


be possible. Tell us more about who needs to be


won over. That is a very interesting and difficult question. The big


industrialised countries want to make sure that the emerging giants,


China and India in particular, are included in a deal and will agree to


a programme of every five years or so having their carbon reduction


plans scrutinised in some form. That is the real sticking point. For the


developing countries, the big thing is that question of finance. They


have looked at the science and think they will be hardest hit by global


warming. They also look at the costs of renewable technology, which at


the moment, are more expensive than say burning coal or gas. They want


financial help with that and they want it specified in this document.


Of course, the richest nations are not totally sure of how much they


want to pay up or how much they want on their hands tied over that


question of finance. The richer states need to help with the polar


nation states as well. Lots to haggle, much of it very fundamental.


French police have identified the third suicide bomber


who attacked the Bataclan last month.


90 of the 130 people killed in the Paris attacks died


23-year-old French-born Foued Mohamed Aggad is said to have


travelled to fight in Syria in 2013, along with his brother.


The couple responsible for carrying out the San Bernadino shooting


were radicalised at least two years prior to carrying out the attack.


FBI Director James B Comey said that investigators believe that


Syed Rizwan Farook and his wife, Tashfeen Malik, were radicalised


before they began their online relationship in 2013.


I have been getting more about that from Washington. Philippa, this is


the latest on an investigation that is in its early stages. What we


getting now is a gradual build-up of the picture of who these two people


wear. The most important question for investigators called on what was


their motivation? Lawmakers were updated today and this is what he


said. San Bernardino involved two killers who were radicalised for


quite a long time before their attack. In fact, our investigation


today, which I can only say so much about, indicates they were


radicalised before they started dating each other online. That was


as early as the end of 2013. They were talking about a jihad and


martyr, before they became engaged and then married in the United


States. One of the big questions is whether their relationship was set


up somehow by a terrorist group, or whether they came together


naturally, as at where. That is a huge question. One of the focuses of


the investigation. What is interesting is that these comments


tend to imply that they contradict earlier suggestions that it was


Tashfeen Malik who radicalised her husband. There had been a lot of


speculation that perhaps she had entered the US. We know she came via


Pakistan and lived for some time in Saudi Arabia and had encountered


extremist views in those countries, and perhaps brought those into the


US and then radicalised her husband. What they are saying now is that


they were radicalised independently before they met, which is quite


different. That is something they are continuing to look at. As you


say, whether or not they were actually brought together by some


kind of terrorist organisations, if not Islamic State itself. Briefly,


has this tragedy, this shooting, changed the debate on gun control or


not? I think they are being seen as two separate issues. I think the


terrorism investigation has eclipsed to a certain extent of the debate on


gun control, although great questions are being asked about how


it was that these two people that were able to fly under the radar,


undetected, and still able to get together this enormous stockpile of


weapons, including guns that they were able to modify and make even


more dangerous. And of course pipe bombs. Was there anything, any


control, that could have been put in place or indeed existed that could


have prevented this? The row over Donald Trump's remarks


has been venerated across the world. In the UK, a petition has been set


up calling for Mr Trump to be banned from the country. It has gained tens


of thousands of supporters. 270,000 plus signatures at the moment. In


fact, I think it is going up to around 280 9000. In just a moment,


we will talk to Suzanne Kelly, who set up that campaign.


But first, Donald Trump's remarks were came up in the UK Parliament.


Hear how the Chancellor George Osborne dealt with a question


about the Republican presidential candidate.


You mag the best way to confront the views of someone like Donald Trump


is to engage any robust democratic right and with him about why he is


profoundly wrong about the contribution of American Muslims and


indeed British Muslims, and that is Suzanne, it is fair to say you have


the best way to deal with Suzanne, it is fair to say you have


spent a long time campaigning against Donald Trump. Why has this


particular petition taken off? I think that his latest remarks have


been proving too much for just about anybody. I cannot think of a


nationality, a religion or a sex that this man has not insulted. To


have him be president with this sort of


have him be president with this sort Thankfully, there are UK laws that


will allow us to discuss banning him, which is marvellous. Tell us


more about those laws, because they more about those laws, because they


have been applied against quite a few people's we have banned


have been applied against quite a people for hate speech. I am not


against free speech. These are very different things. The remarks of


Donald Trump and the kind of remarks you would find in somebody maybe who


has got sympathies of steering trouble up rather than solving


problems. We ban people for far less. What about the possibility


that you are playing into his hands? He loves people to react. It is more


publicity? Well, perhaps he loves publicity, but at the moment, he has


been banned from Robert Gordon University. They have revoked


been banned from Robert Gordon honorary degree. Things are turning


against him. What happens now with the


against him. What happens now with Westminster? And the obliged


against him. What happens now with debate the possibility of a ban? Now


that 100,000 people have signed the petition, they have to to discuss


it. I do think that Mr Osborne might disagree, but I think it is a


definite plan that we might be able to see this hate speech President


banned. Thank you very much for joining us from our studio in


Aberdeen. British anti-narcotics officers have


spoken openly for the first time Speaking exclusively to the BBC,


the National Crime Agency, often dubbed Britain's FBI,


has revealed it is involved in intelligence and logistics


operations with Colombian forces and making a difference,


despite a recent rise This report was filed


by our international correspondent, Ian Pannell and cameraman


Darren Conway. It is one of the most violent


cities in South America. Buenaventura is notorious


for its chop houses where gangs It is also where much of the cocaine


that reaches America A trade that shatters this community


and forces its children into a world The government says things


are improving here. When she dared to stand up


to the drug gangs her 15-year-old TRANSLATION: I do not know


if they did it to punish me because I have always tried to help


the youngsters here. They taught me a lesson


because they did not just kill The choices are often stark


for the sons and daughters Children become recruits


or victims of the gangs. When day passes to night,


it is the sicarios that An assassin who kills


people for his boss. Can you explain what is


the life of a sicario? The boss calls me and tells me,


we have to kill this guy. For the inside story on the cocaine


trade we met a British drug For security reasons,


we cannot show his identity. Cocaine is just such a popular


fashionable drug and the money is so big that nine out of ten


people would say yes to that That makes the risk that people


like yourself take worth taking? Well, if you're talking


about an average yearly salary being able to be earned


in 24 hours, yes. I do not think cocaine production


in South America will ever stop and I do not think the consumption


of cocaine will ever stop. High in the hills on the border


with Venezuela, police move in. They have a tip there is a cocaine


lab here hidden deep in the woods. Officers were deployed shortly


after midnight and have moved They have managed


to make one arrest. This is the key part


of the laboratory. The cocaine paste is brought up


the hill and processed and this Britain's National Crime Agency took


part in this operation, We spoke to one of their officers


involved in the raid It is important to Britain


and important to the NCA because all of the labs that we blow


up, all the cocaine that is seized here, is cocaine that is not


going to the UK, coming to Europe, Explosives rigged and the British


officers and Colombian police pull-back, knowing tomorrow


this fight starts again. In a war against cocaine,


it may well be impossible to win. Two Masai farmers have been charged


after allegations that they poisoned Eight lions from the Marsh Pride


in the Masai Mara national Reserve Two others have been found dead,


including a 17-year-old female called Bibi who was filmed


for the BBC series Big Cat Diaries. It's thought that the lions had


killed three of the farmers' cows. Our correspondent Alastair Leithead


gave us this update from Kenya. This is a vast space, but there are


competing demands for the land. Between those who are trying to


protect the wildlife in the national park and the Masai herdsman. We are


going into a Masai cultural village to meet the chief and try to get a


sense of what those conflicts, what those problems can be. Thanks very


much for inviting us in today. One of the issues here is competition


for grass, for land, for your cattle, isn't it? I tell you,


because we live in density, we do not have enough grass here. That is


why we take our cattle at night to go where the wild animal lives. How


many animals are killed by Lions? How much of a problem is it for you?


The lion is the animal, and hyenas... They are eaten almost


every night. We get that problem. We get that problem several places


around here. Sadly, the story has ended with another lion having died.


In the back of that truck behind me, they have just loaded up a young


male. He was poisoned originally. He was treated and they thought he was


doing OK, but then overnight, he was attacked by Buffalo and he was found


here in a really bad way. They have stepped in to put him down. That is


another lion that has essentially died. There will be an investigation


into exactly why it happened, what the process of events where.


Now a musical story - North Korean leader Kim Jong Un


is sending his all-female Moranbong band to perform in Beijing to help


soothe relations with China - its only ally.


To underline the diplomatic nature of the tour, they were waved off


at Pyongyang railway station by some of the country's senior leaders.


This will be their first international tour, with the line-up


reported to have been handpicked by the leader himself.


In morally conservative North Korea, the women often wear risque outfits


and combine traditional music with Western pop culture.


Syrian rebel fighters are abandoning the last district of the key city


of Homs under their control - leaving it fully in government hands


The withdrawal is part of a local ceasefire deal,


and means the first convoys of food aid in nearly a year have been able


The outline of an international deal to limit climate change has been


published at talks in France - but several issues still


He told delegates he expected them to work through the night.


Well, that's all from the programme. Next, the weather.


But for now, from me and the rest of the team,


Hello. Gilles will be in place to make across the top north-west


corner of the country. Sinking


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