10/12/2015 World News Today


10/12/2015

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:07.:00:12.

The headlines: A father from Syria loses his wife and seven children

:00:13.:00:15.

when they drown trying to reach Greece after fleeing the civil war.

:00:16.:00:22.

I would say do not take this risk. Do not go by sea. You will lose your

:00:23.:00:27.

children. Greece is preparing to deport

:00:28.:00:29.

thousands of migrants it believes Argentina's new centre-right

:00:30.:00:31.

President is sworn-in with a promise to tackle corruption,

:00:32.:00:35.

but his predecessor refuses A film about a 1950s lesbian romance

:00:36.:00:37.

leads the nominations for the annual It may be winter in Europe,

:00:38.:00:41.

but thousands of migrants and refugees are still

:00:42.:01:16.

trying to cross the sea. And as the flow of people continues,

:01:17.:01:18.

so do the tragedies. This week a mother and her seven

:01:19.:01:21.

children, the youngest just weeks old, drowned while trying

:01:22.:01:23.

to cross the Aegean sea. Our Turkey correspondent Mark Lowen

:01:24.:01:26.

has been speaking to him. Somewhere in the vastness

:01:27.:01:36.

of the Aegean, he lost them. He scours the spot where he and his

:01:37.:01:40.

family took the boat, His wife and his seven

:01:41.:01:43.

children drowned. The smugglers told them

:01:44.:01:52.

they would not need life jackets They fled Islamic State

:01:53.:02:02.

and hoped for sanctuary, believing the worst

:02:03.:02:18.

horrors were behind them. TRANSLATION: I had the most

:02:19.:02:19.

affectionate wife. The smugglers are traitors. I say to

:02:20.:02:41.

others, do not risk your life at sea. Stay in Syria, however

:02:42.:02:42.

difficult it is. Shortly after Ali and his family set

:02:43.:02:52.

off from here, the waves rose up Over 3500 have died this year tried

:02:53.:02:55.

to make the trip to Europe. The EU is giving Turkey money

:02:56.:03:01.

and resources to patrol But still, even in winter,

:03:02.:03:03.

the desperate ones are making On a nearby speech, Afghans and

:03:04.:03:15.

Iranians carry whoever they can, like pilgrims on an endless path.

:03:16.:03:22.

TRANSLATION: I escaped the Taliban and Islamic State. There is always

:03:23.:03:26.

risk, however you migrate from your country. I am ready. They find

:03:27.:03:31.

shelter in a derelict village and wait for the smugglers to call. News

:03:32.:03:34.

of spread of Syrians Hugh drowned but they are ready to go. I grew up

:03:35.:03:41.

in the war. Had you heard about the children that died here in the last

:03:42.:03:47.

few days? Yes. Does it change your desire to take the boat? It does

:03:48.:03:54.

not. He tried the journey and his dreams of Europe are now just

:03:55.:03:57.

wretched memories. But how many more will follow in his wake?

:03:58.:04:08.

His was one of many families trying to reach northern Europe, but Greece

:04:09.:04:15.

is preparing to deport thousands of migrants it thinks might not be

:04:16.:04:19.

entitled to asylum. Migrants have been turned back from the northern

:04:20.:04:23.

border of the Macedonia decided it would only accept refugees from

:04:24.:04:27.

Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. Greece said those that refuse to apply for

:04:28.:04:32.

asylum in 30 days or be sent back to their own countries. Among temporary

:04:33.:04:36.

reception centres where people are waiting the old Athens airport as

:04:37.:04:42.

the Olympic Stadium, where a migrant from Iran has spoken to the BBC

:04:43.:04:45.

about the conditions he is living in.

:04:46.:04:51.

They gave me a couple of blankets. Two people, one blanket. Imagine two

:04:52.:05:00.

blankets with cold weather two persons, it is crazy and so sad. For

:05:01.:05:07.

the food, you had to go outside and stand in line. It is like a jungle.

:05:08.:05:18.

We have two survive and we have two ask other people, push each other

:05:19.:05:23.

and I see some people getting hurt when they stand in the line, when

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the food comes. Because they are hungry right now and do not know

:05:28.:05:30.

what to do. They keep pushing each other to get in. If you see the

:05:31.:05:38.

inside, there is no hope at all. Everybody is just depressed and do

:05:39.:05:42.

not know what will happen later. Because we do not have a choice. We

:05:43.:05:47.

have to stay here. No matter how hard it is. However sick, or hungry

:05:48.:05:54.

we are. We have to keep going. We have no choice. Because we have lost

:05:55.:06:02.

money. We can only stay here because Greece do not have a good economy

:06:03.:06:06.

for taking care of us. We cannot go back to the country, because we will

:06:07.:06:13.

go to jail, or some of us will get stoned.

:06:14.:06:19.

The Syrian civil war is of course driving much of this

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Today Syrian opposition groups meeting in Saudi Arabia have united

:06:23.:06:25.

around a set of demands ahead of expected peace talks

:06:26.:06:28.

with President Bashar al-Assad's government.

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They said President Assad and his aides must step down at

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But one of the major groups has said it would pull out.

:06:35.:06:52.

Nine people have been found guilty of terrorism offences after one

:06:53.:06:55.

of the biggest terror trials ever to take place in the Netherlands.

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The verdicts were handed down at the high security 'Bunker'

:06:59.:07:00.

The BBC's Anna Holligan was in court.

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According to the judges, the aim of this group was to support terrorist

:07:07.:07:11.

activities in the middle east, by recruiting young people in the

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Netherlands and financing trips to take part in the armed struggle, or

:07:15.:07:20.

jihad, in Syria. Six defendants were found guilty of being members of

:07:21.:07:23.

this organisation with links to the so-called Islamic State and

:07:24.:07:28.

Al-Qaeda. Three others were found guilty of being supporters. The one

:07:29.:07:32.

woman on trial today was found guilty of incitement, for sharing a

:07:33.:07:38.

message on Twitter. A number of people on trial travelled to take

:07:39.:07:41.

part in a terrorist training camp in Syria. Three defendants were not in

:07:42.:07:47.

court today. One was in a prison cell. Two others have not been

:07:48.:07:53.

apprehended. They are thought to still be in Syria.

:07:54.:07:56.

Mauricio Macri has been sworn in as Argentina's new president,

:07:57.:07:59.

The centre-right Mr Macri took the oath of office in Congress

:08:00.:08:06.

but his inauguration was boycotted by his predecessor,

:08:07.:08:08.

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, in a row over where he should

:08:09.:08:10.

stipulates that a president can't rule for more than two consecutive

:08:11.:08:16.

terms, but Ms Fernandez is seemingly unhappy to be leaving her post

:08:17.:08:19.

and used her farewell speech to blast the incoming

:08:20.:08:21.

Mauricio Macri has promised to overhaul the country's struggling

:08:22.:08:34.

economy, which is slumping toward recession, improve relations

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I've been hearing more from the BBC's Ignacio de Los Reyes

:08:37.:08:41.

in Buenos Aires about the new President Macri.

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He is a former businessman. He is also the son of one of the richest

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businessmen in Argentina. And also president of the most popular

:08:58.:08:59.

football club in the country in the 1990s. That is why he became famous

:09:00.:09:07.

in national politics. He then became the May Buena saris. And he formed a

:09:08.:09:15.

new -- in Buena saris. And he formed companies and think tanks that

:09:16.:09:21.

wanted to be part of a new wave of Argentina politics. All of a sudden

:09:22.:09:25.

he has become the new leader, the man that ended 12 years of the

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previous rule. He is now supposed to meet his new cabinet and members of

:09:33.:09:39.

other parties and a member of the former resident's cabinet. It is a

:09:40.:09:48.

way of showing national reconciliation and unity, one of his

:09:49.:09:54.

big promises. Argentina's people are anxious to see if he can deliver on

:09:55.:09:58.

his promises of ending poverty, fighting corruption and tackling

:09:59.:10:03.

crime. He needs to pull together different interests if he is going

:10:04.:10:06.

to tackle the economy. It is such a big challenge. Exactly. Especially

:10:07.:10:13.

because currently in Argentina prices are on the rise and inflation

:10:14.:10:17.

is up at 25% according to some estimates. There is a big crisis

:10:18.:10:22.

with foreign reserves at the Central bank. Crumbling foreign investment.

:10:23.:10:27.

At the same time he knows he must create jobs. He knows millions of

:10:28.:10:33.

people rely on social aid, government assistance. He is

:10:34.:10:40.

actually promising to keep some of his predecessor policies on social

:10:41.:10:43.

issues and at the same time try and open up the economy. Thank you.

:10:44.:10:51.

A final decision on whether or not to build a run at Heathrow airport

:10:52.:10:56.

has been delayed for another six months after a debate among senior

:10:57.:10:59.

British ministers in Downing Street tonight. A commission has

:11:00.:11:04.

recommended a third runway at Heathrow this July and business

:11:05.:11:08.

leaders had called for a decision by the end of the year.

:11:09.:11:16.

Republican Presidential contender, Donald Trump, has cancelled

:11:17.:11:18.

He announced his decision on Twitter, saying he'll meet

:11:19.:11:21.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, once he becomes

:11:22.:11:23.

It comes soon after he caused worldwide controversy by saying

:11:24.:11:26.

Muslims should be barred from entering the US.

:11:27.:11:34.

The Polish Prime Minister has said she does not "see eye to eye"

:11:35.:11:37.

with David Cameron over his plans to change benefits rules

:11:38.:11:39.

for European Union migrants coming to work in the UK.

:11:40.:11:42.

Mr Cameron, who's visiting the Polish capital Warsaw,

:11:43.:11:46.

has made the idea one of his main demands as he tries to negotiate

:11:47.:11:49.

a new relationship with the EU before the UK's

:11:50.:11:51.

In Poland's capital city, signs the British lifestyle holds appeal.

:11:52.:12:08.

Many here live and work in the UK, which is why Poland matters

:12:09.:12:11.

when it comes to migration.

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If I were to move to England, I would not expect to get any

:12:13.:12:17.

I would just expect to find a decent job, to work as hard as I can

:12:18.:12:22.

But David Cameron thinks stopping migrants claiming in work benefits

:12:23.:12:29.

like tax credits will reduce immigration.

:12:30.:12:38.

It is a key chain he wants to make to the EU before a Referendum.

:12:39.:12:42.

But his Polish counterpart needs convincing.

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TRANSLATION: Of course there are discussions and issues

:12:44.:12:45.

where we do not see eye to eye today.

:12:46.:12:47.

Poland is willing to work on solutions and does back

:12:48.:12:52.

the Prime Minister's other proposed reforms,

:12:53.:12:57.

but he needs agreement from 26 other EU leaders as well and there is no

:12:58.:13:00.

Is it time for you to compromise on the proposed benefit ban?

:13:01.:13:05.

There is real engagement with the agenda we have set out,

:13:06.:13:08.

a lot of common ground, a lot of agreement

:13:09.:13:10.

Everyone is committed to doing that further work and reaching agreement.

:13:11.:13:29.

The reason it is such a sticking point is the Polish Government

:13:30.:13:32.

and other EU leaders think of the citizens getting less in work

:13:33.:13:35.

benefits than UK workers and that amounts to discrimination.

:13:36.:13:37.

Others think it will not make much difference.

:13:38.:13:40.

I can't imagine being paid less for doing the same job.

:13:41.:13:45.

I do not think it will stop people coming there.

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Maybe they will not stay for a longer time.

:13:48.:13:52.

While in Warsaw the Prime Minister marked past joint battles.

:13:53.:13:54.

He knows in Poland he has a political ally who wants the UK

:13:55.:13:58.

Resolving this conflict on welfare changes looks likely

:13:59.:14:00.

What Hollywood insiders call the "Awards Season" kicked off

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today, with nominations for the 2016 Golden Globes.

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The Globe nominees are decided by the Hollywood Foreign Press

:14:22.:14:24.

They're sometimes seen as a sign of what we might expect

:14:25.:14:28.

when the Oscar nominations are announced not long after.

:14:29.:14:31.

We'll be hearing from the BBC's Peter Bowes in Los Angeles

:14:32.:14:33.

in a moment but first let's take a quick look at the film that got

:14:34.:14:37.

the most nominations: "Carol" starring Cate Blanchett

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It is very original. Well. Your first name? To rouse. Not to reason?

:14:39.:15:05.

Terez. It is lovely. And yours? Carol. Carol. It leads the pack.

:15:06.:15:13.

Cate Blanchett is the start of the film and also nominated for best

:15:14.:15:18.

actress. It is I think the film of the moment which the rest have two

:15:19.:15:22.

beat. It is certainly getting a lot of critics of a love this movie,

:15:23.:15:29.

1950s romance, between two women and it looks good as far as Cate

:15:30.:15:34.

Blanchett is concerned. And she is involved in the Oscar nominations in

:15:35.:15:40.

a few weeks. One that usually Arti on this award is there are different

:15:41.:15:52.

best film categories. -- one unusual eventuality is there are different

:15:53.:15:56.

film categories. Christian bale and Steve Correll both have nominations

:15:57.:15:59.

for this film. It is about the financial crisis, and Brad Pitt is

:16:00.:16:04.

also involved in this film and says it is a story which had to be told.

:16:05.:16:09.

The interesting thing about the Golden Globes is they are split into

:16:10.:16:14.

comedies and dramas. Unlike the Oscars with just one category for

:16:15.:16:20.

Best picture. We get a much wider field. But it does give us a good

:16:21.:16:26.

showing in terms of the range of films on offer this year. I think

:16:27.:16:31.

the headline might at the end of the day, particularly strong roles for

:16:32.:16:35.

women that we are seeing this year, and the diversity in terms of the

:16:36.:16:41.

types of stories. This might just be personal because I really loved this

:16:42.:16:45.

movie, but what about ridge of spies? We will show the view is a

:16:46.:16:51.

taste of the trailer. Is it a big snub for such a big star, Tom Hanks

:16:52.:16:56.

and Stephen Spielberg that it does not feature very much?

:16:57.:17:02.

Overrun by the border guards. This man is my father's friend. Every

:17:03.:17:14.

time they hit him he stood back up. They hit him harder. Still he got

:17:15.:17:24.

back to his feet. I think because of this they let him live. Well, you

:17:25.:17:33.

are right. What you say is what is reflected by a lot of critics in

:17:34.:17:37.

Hollywood. Some are astonished that it has not featured more heavily

:17:38.:17:40.

than it has today. It does have a best supporting actor nation but two

:17:41.:17:45.

heavyweight with Tom Hanks and Stephen Spielberg. -- nomination.

:17:46.:17:52.

Some say it is such a crowded field in terms of the best actor

:17:53.:17:55.

nomination that Tom Hanks was just pushed out of the top five. Such a

:17:56.:17:59.

big range of entries for the Golden Globes. Not everybody can go home

:18:00.:18:02.

with that golden statue. Peter. A new road tax introduced

:18:03.:18:11.

last month in Russia, had led to protests by long distance

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lorry drivers all over the country. The levy requires large vehicles

:18:14.:18:16.

to pay additional tax for every The government says it's needed

:18:17.:18:19.

to repair the damage caused to roads But drivers say they pay enough tax

:18:20.:18:23.

already and the extra toll will mean they won't make any profit and that

:18:24.:18:27.

as a result the price of food Richard Galpin has been to one

:18:28.:18:31.

of their protest camps Well, this is one of the locations

:18:32.:18:34.

around Moscow where lorry drivers have based themselves as part

:18:35.:18:38.

of a protest against the road tax. They have put wreths on this lorry

:18:39.:18:41.

saying that the road tax will lead A lot of posters on the lorries

:18:42.:18:46.

against the road tax But this one here is saying that it

:18:47.:18:57.

will not just affect lorry drivers, but the whole country,

:18:58.:19:02.

saying that essentially it will lead to increased prices for food,

:19:03.:19:04.

inflation and also a lot Since the tax came

:19:05.:19:07.

in, I have lost out. We're all here protesting

:19:08.:19:17.

because we want the government to see us and pay attention to

:19:18.:19:20.

entrepreneurs and small businesses. This new law is suffering

:19:21.:19:23.

for the business. There are 1.5 million

:19:24.:19:27.

like me, about that. The protest does not look

:19:28.:19:30.

threatening but it is significant because none of the people

:19:31.:19:37.

here are opposition activists. With a country in a profound

:19:38.:19:39.

economic crisis, the worry for the government is that this

:19:40.:19:47.

could spark much wider protest. Inside this truck you can see

:19:48.:19:51.

the hot food and drink What they are saying is that quite

:19:52.:19:54.

a lot of food here has been donated by local people

:19:55.:20:07.

supporting the protest. Despite the very real anger

:20:08.:20:19.

told by these drivers, plans that some of them had to try

:20:20.:20:21.

and blockade one of the major routes around Moscow has so

:20:22.:20:24.

far not materialised. But it does seem the protest

:20:25.:20:26.

is having some effect and the government seems to be

:20:27.:20:28.

looking at various different ways A township may be the last place

:20:29.:20:31.

you'd expect to produce wine, but a small South African wine

:20:32.:20:45.

company is doing just that and hoping its modest project

:20:46.:20:48.

will help change perceptions This is known as the gangster's

:20:49.:20:50.

paradise, home to drugs, She has been involved in the project

:20:51.:21:08.

for more than one year and now spends her days caring for her vine,

:21:09.:21:15.

hoping one day to week the reward. TRANSLATION: I have

:21:16.:21:19.

always loved farming. But growing grapes in the township

:21:20.:21:29.

is not common but I am hoping to teach my children and neighbours

:21:30.:21:36.

what I have learned. If more people got involved,

:21:37.:21:38.

it will help to create Some of the growers here now have

:21:39.:21:41.

access to an industry that has for centuries been

:21:42.:21:46.

reserved for the elite. Once her grapes leave the township,

:21:47.:21:49.

they are mixed with produce from some of the best in the region

:21:50.:21:52.

to produce a top wine. From the township to the factory,

:21:53.:21:57.

here the grapes are paired according to type and the year

:21:58.:22:00.

they were planted. Once the blend is just right,

:22:01.:22:02.

the wine is bottled and labelled, There are challenges which include

:22:03.:22:06.

ensuring a steady stream of growers, By going to the woman and saying

:22:07.:22:13.

this is the idea we have, we will teach you how to actually

:22:14.:22:21.

look after the vines and with the skill that you have

:22:22.:22:27.

and once we have it in harvesting It is not going to be

:22:28.:22:30.

an easy moneymaking scheme, you're not going to get

:22:31.:22:35.

rich in two years. Within that you will get exposure,

:22:36.:22:39.

we will bring people to this idea that we have, we would love to grow

:22:40.:22:42.

it, and after five years then we will harvest whatever we can

:22:43.:22:45.

harvest from those wines. The word is out and wine lovers come

:22:46.:22:54.

to this bottled store, an exclusive supply in the city

:22:55.:22:57.

centre, to get their hands The store owner said the wine

:22:58.:23:00.

is changing stereotypes For us to have a wine made

:23:01.:23:03.

by the people who started with nothing and to put something

:23:04.:23:07.

that has this kind of quality, South Africa's wine industry

:23:08.:23:10.

is slowly changing and soon the women here hope the wine

:23:11.:23:20.

will have pride of place tasters, not just here,

:23:21.:23:23.

but around the world. Madonna has staged an impromptu

:23:24.:23:35.

performance in Paris to honour the victims of last

:23:36.:23:37.

month's terror attacks. She was in the city as part

:23:38.:23:39.

of her tour but after her official show she tweeted fans

:23:40.:23:42.

that she was singing in Place de la She performed John Lennon's Imagine,

:23:43.:23:45.

a song that became an unofficial anthem

:23:46.:23:52.

in the aftermath of the attacks. She also sang some of her own songs

:23:53.:23:54.

including Like A Prayer. # In the midnight hour,

:23:55.:23:57.

I can feel your power # Just like a prayer,

:23:58.:24:02.

you know I'll take you there # When you call my name,

:24:03.:24:06.

it's like a little prayer # I'm down on my knees,

:24:07.:24:09.

I wanna take you there # In the midnight hour,

:24:10.:24:14.

I can feel your power... # in the midnight hour # I can feel

:24:15.:24:29.

your power # when you call my name # in the midnight hour # I can feel

:24:30.:25:01.

your power # just like a prayer # you know I will take you the...

:25:02.:25:15.

If you like solving problems, see if you can give this a crack. A cryptic

:25:16.:25:21.

twist on a Christmas card by one of the most secretive groups, and

:25:22.:25:24.

intelligence gathering organisation, GCHQ. As you can see from this

:25:25.:25:29.

picture, it is quite a code breaking challenge with a very difficult grid

:25:30.:25:34.

of numbers up here for you to work on but you will probably need more

:25:35.:25:38.

time than we are getting here. If you are interested, head to the

:25:39.:25:44.

website and have a go. Some breaking news, a final decision on whether to

:25:45.:25:48.

build a new runway at Heathrow Airport has been delayed for another

:25:49.:25:51.

six months after a debate among senior British ministers in Downing

:25:52.:25:57.

Street. Businesses urge the government to make a decision by the

:25:58.:26:00.

end of the year. Thanks for being with us on World News Today.

:26:01.:26:07.

The weather front has been slipping southwards in England and Wales and

:26:08.:26:13.

will almost grinds to a halt across southern Britain as we head into

:26:14.:26:15.

Friday. This

:26:16.:26:16.

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