11/12/2015 World News Today


11/12/2015

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 11/12/2015. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:00.:00:00.

Has Russia changed its policy over Syria?

:00:00.:00:10.

President Putin says Russian forces are providing air support

:00:11.:00:12.

and weapons to a major Syrian opposition group fighting President

:00:13.:00:15.

TRANSLATION: Lee at -- activities assist in uniting the efforts of

:00:16.:00:34.

government troops and the Free Syrian Army.

:00:35.:00:36.

A guesthouse close to the Spanish Embassy comes under attack.

:00:37.:00:38.

Some of the gunmen are still on the loose.

:00:39.:00:40.

Also coming up: Do you really need all the heavy equipment

:00:41.:00:44.

Are we on the verge of a momentous climate deal? The deadline is

:00:45.:00:50.

looming and France says there has never been a better time.

:00:51.:00:53.

all the heavy equipment to make a film?

:00:54.:00:56.

We look at how movie-making is going mobile.

:00:57.:01:10.

There's confusion in world capitals today about whether Russia

:01:11.:01:12.

President Vladimir Putin has told Russia's top defence military

:01:13.:01:20.

supports Syria's opposition Free Syrian Army

:01:21.:01:22.

providing it with arms and ammunition.

:01:23.:01:25.

At face value his statement appears to be first time Moscow has said

:01:26.:01:32.

Let's hear some of what Mr Putin had to say.

:01:33.:01:42.

TRANSLATION: The activities of our aviation group assist in United the

:01:43.:01:51.

efforts of government troops and Free Syrian Army. Currently several

:01:52.:01:54.

of its units numbering over 5000 troops as well as regular forces are

:01:55.:02:01.

engaged in offensive actions against terrorists in several provinces.

:02:02.:02:10.

Besides support from the air as Wallace for the Syrian army, we

:02:11.:02:13.

assist them with weapons, ammunition, and provide additional

:02:14.:02:16.

support. The BBC's Richard Galpin

:02:17.:02:18.

joins us from Moscow. It is interesting. We have been

:02:19.:02:27.

speaking to Mr Putin's spokesman, and he says, yes, it is correct

:02:28.:02:34.

about the Russian air force is providing air cover to some units of

:02:35.:02:39.

the Free Syrian Army, these 5000 men he was talking about there, saying

:02:40.:02:42.

they are fighting together alongside the Syrian army, therefore they are

:02:43.:02:47.

getting help from the Russian air force. But he has flatly denied that

:02:48.:02:53.

Mr Putin said the Russians were also supplying arms and ammunition to the

:02:54.:02:59.

Free Syrian Army. He says this is completely wrong interpretation of

:03:00.:03:03.

what Mr Putin said. One of my colleagues here persistently asked

:03:04.:03:07.

him, this is what he is saying in Russian, and he is saying, no, you

:03:08.:03:12.

misunderstand, this is not what Mr Putin said, he was only talking

:03:13.:03:17.

about providing arms and ammunition to the Syrian army.

:03:18.:03:19.

Maria Lipman joins us from Moscow - she's a political analyst

:03:20.:03:21.

What do you understand Mr Putin said? If you read his words, I think

:03:22.:03:37.

there is no ambiguity. He mentioned both the Syrian government forces

:03:38.:03:41.

and the Free Syrian Army, which is in opposition to President Assad,

:03:42.:03:46.

and he said the Russian aviation group provides assistance to both,

:03:47.:03:51.

and helps them unite the effort. Now, what will you -- Europe author

:03:52.:03:58.

found out is also posted by Russian news agencies, and that is that the

:03:59.:04:07.

representative said this is not about assistance to both, the

:04:08.:04:14.

Russian aviation group assists government forces and actually

:04:15.:04:19.

provides air cover for all forces fighting terrorism. This is a very

:04:20.:04:23.

general statement which is different from what President Putin said, and

:04:24.:04:28.

his press man also added, don't hold onto closely to the phrasing, maybe

:04:29.:04:34.

suggesting it was a slip of the tongue, maybe suggesting Putin

:04:35.:04:39.

didn't mean what he said. In any case we have here a very clear

:04:40.:04:43.

variant is on what President Putin said and the way his press man

:04:44.:04:48.

interpreted his words. So what do you think he meant to say by doing

:04:49.:04:52.

this, if it wasn't a slip of the tongue? Is it trying to narrow the

:04:53.:04:56.

differences with the West, what is your reading? I really don't know

:04:57.:05:03.

what to say. I think we need the sources on the other end to be able

:05:04.:05:10.

to say whether there is indeed be assistance, that would be the best

:05:11.:05:14.

clarification. We cannot read in more than what he said. Since the

:05:15.:05:21.

operation is a military one and the Russian system in general is not

:05:22.:05:25.

transparent to say the least, this especially applies to military

:05:26.:05:29.

operations, there is no way to find out more than what Putin's press man

:05:30.:05:36.

said unless we have information from someone on the ground, the Syrian

:05:37.:05:40.

forces. It is interesting, earlier he said Russian aid had helped

:05:41.:05:45.

repair a tank factory in Homs, which would appear to be helping President

:05:46.:05:49.

Assad in the fight against the terrorist groups which President

:05:50.:05:52.

Putin said he was originally joining this conflict to try to smash. Well,

:05:53.:05:58.

this is indeed... If this were the case, if Russia indeed were helping,

:05:59.:06:04.

as President Putin said, with air cover, weapons and supplies, the

:06:05.:06:08.

forces in opposition to President Assad, and at the same time helping

:06:09.:06:12.

President Assad himself, this would really be bizarre, and this would be

:06:13.:06:19.

a change of policy. But I would really be careful not to interpret

:06:20.:06:23.

it further. I think what we have is a contradiction now between Putin's

:06:24.:06:28.

words and his press man's words, and I think we should wait for further

:06:29.:06:32.

clarification. Thank you very much. The Afghan Taliban claim

:06:33.:06:37.

they carried out a car bomb attack in an affluent embassy

:06:38.:06:40.

district of Kabul. A Taliban spokesman said the blast -

:06:41.:06:43.

during rush hour - was a suicide attack, and that heavy

:06:44.:06:46.

fighting was continuing. The Afghan police said at least

:06:47.:06:50.

seven insurgents fired guns As you can see the embassy is close

:06:51.:06:53.

to ISAF's headquarters in Kabul, Some reports suggested

:06:54.:07:01.

the Spanish Embassy itself had come under attack, but this

:07:02.:07:06.

has now been denied by Spain's Prime

:07:07.:07:07.

Minister Mariano Rajoy. Bilal Sawary is a freelance

:07:08.:07:09.

journalist in Kabul, What is the latest, are the gunmen

:07:10.:07:26.

on fighters still at large? I just spoke to the deputy chairman who

:07:27.:07:33.

said the priority for the Afghan special forces is to evacuate some

:07:34.:07:36.

of the homes where families and civilians live, and he said Afghan

:07:37.:07:44.

special forces were moving, and the priority was to kill the attackers

:07:45.:07:48.

but at the same time protect lives. The electricity to the area has been

:07:49.:07:55.

cut off. Afghan elite forces are there, these are the forces that

:07:56.:08:02.

know how to fight these attacks, and Afghan snipers from those units are

:08:03.:08:06.

now saying they have killed at least two of the attackers. The problem is

:08:07.:08:14.

that it is the area, the homes around those areas, that are making

:08:15.:08:20.

it really difficult. The Afghan forces cannot move quickly because

:08:21.:08:23.

of them. As we speak we can still hear gunfire from time to time, so

:08:24.:08:28.

that means the attackers are armed and they are still there. This is a

:08:29.:08:33.

heavily fortified area, understandably. How is it that the

:08:34.:08:36.

Caliban can penetrate somewhere like this? -- the Taliban. This is not

:08:37.:08:46.

far from the homes of senior Afghan officials, so questions will be

:08:47.:08:51.

asked by ordinary Afghans, why is it that there are these security and

:08:52.:08:58.

intelligence failures and these sort of attacks could take place. We

:08:59.:09:03.

understand that the Spanish Embassy had concerns about an attacks like

:09:04.:09:09.

this a week ago. It is nothing uncommon these days in Kabul to get

:09:10.:09:13.

the security warnings. The US embassy has several times publicly

:09:14.:09:20.

warned of attacks like this. But the challenge for the Afghan government

:09:21.:09:24.

now is to justify a peace process with the Taliban... -- with the

:09:25.:09:29.

Taliban, and I think the question will be asked, what are they doing

:09:30.:09:33.

to help the peace process, do they talk to the group is launching these

:09:34.:09:39.

vicious attacks? Only the day before yesterday in Kandahar, there was a

:09:40.:09:45.

very deadly attack in which Afghan officers and families were killed,

:09:46.:09:51.

including children. This will put the national unity government under

:09:52.:09:54.

tremendous pressure. Bilal Sawary, thank you very much. Let's catch up

:09:55.:09:59.

with some other stories. A lake in California

:10:00.:10:00.

is being searched by police investigating last week's

:10:01.:10:02.

shootings in San Bernardino, Divers from the FBI have begun

:10:03.:10:04.

searching waters just over 3 kilometers from the site

:10:05.:10:08.

of the killings. It's thought the two suspects

:10:09.:10:09.

visited the area on the day Michel Platini has failed

:10:10.:10:12.

to get his temporary ban from all football

:10:13.:10:19.

related activity lifted. The Frenchmen lodged an appeal

:10:20.:10:22.

against the 90 day ban with the court of

:10:23.:10:24.

arbitration for Sport. But it upheld the ban although it's

:10:25.:10:27.

asked FIFA to conclude an investigation into corruption

:10:28.:10:30.

allegations quickly. An update now on those three jumbo

:10:31.:10:35.

jets that authorities in Malaysia claimed had been abandoned

:10:36.:10:38.

for more than a year An air freight company,

:10:39.:10:40.

Swift Air Cargo, says it's the owner and it bought the

:10:41.:10:54.

Boeing 747s in June. The airport had taken out newspaper

:10:55.:10:56.

adverts threatening to sell them. The firm says it was stunned to see

:10:57.:10:59.

the notices because it had been talking to the airport

:11:00.:11:02.

about recovering the planes . Negotiators at the international

:11:03.:11:04.

climate change conference in Paris are confident of reaching a deal

:11:05.:11:06.

to combat global warming. The meeting has been

:11:07.:11:09.

extended until tomorrow, when France says it will

:11:10.:11:10.

present a draft agreement. Let's get the latest

:11:11.:11:12.

from our Science Editor David Let's take stock of what has been

:11:13.:11:23.

agreed here and what hasn't, because it's quite difficult to pick your

:11:24.:11:27.

way through this. What will governments have settled on is a

:11:28.:11:31.

target to try to limit global warming to two degrees or possibly

:11:32.:11:35.

1.5 degrees above preindustrial levels. Some see that as enormously

:11:36.:11:40.

significant, providing a goal for the world to work towards in coming

:11:41.:11:44.

decades. But what haven't they agreed? Currently there are no

:11:45.:11:48.

targets for reducing greenhouse gases that are blamed for global

:11:49.:11:50.

warming. Some countryside unless you have detailed plans and

:11:51.:12:08.

programmes with deadlines for how you will reduce those gases, you

:12:09.:12:10.

will never head off the worst effects of climate change. Other

:12:11.:12:13.

countries don't want to be hemmed in by those restrictions. Then there is

:12:14.:12:15.

the difficult question of who should pay to help the poorest countries

:12:16.:12:18.

cope with the impact of global warming. The poorest countries are

:12:19.:12:20.

said to be most vulnerable to those impacts, whether through rising

:12:21.:12:22.

temperatures or increased rain. Developed countries like Britain

:12:23.:12:25.

have tended to say, we will pay the cost of that, but they are also

:12:26.:12:29.

looking at rigid countries like Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Qatar to

:12:30.:12:34.

step up the plate, and that has yet to be settled. The talks will go

:12:35.:12:35.

right through the night in France. France's far-right party

:12:36.:12:39.

the Front National is battling for control of several

:12:40.:12:41.

of the country's regions, ahead of the second round of

:12:42.:12:43.

Regional Elections on Sunday. The FN is leading in six out

:12:44.:12:45.

of France's 13 regions after the first round of voting last

:12:46.:12:49.

week, but polls are now suggesting that the centre-right opposition

:12:50.:12:52.

is gaining ground ahead One of the most fiercely contested

:12:53.:12:54.

seats is in the region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie,

:12:55.:13:00.

where FN leader Marine Le Pen won Our Paris Correspondent

:13:01.:13:02.

Lucy Williamson reports. Habits in France's northern villages

:13:03.:13:20.

don't easily change. At the fish market here they still shuck the

:13:21.:13:26.

scallops by hand, fresh from the sea that morning. But below the surface

:13:27.:13:30.

there are fast flowing changes taking place here. France's far

:13:31.:13:35.

right Front National one almost 50% of the vote here last weekend. It

:13:36.:13:39.

used to be the Socialist party that won elections here. It is because of

:13:40.:13:46.

the lack of jobs, Philippe tells me, but I think it is very dangerous.

:13:47.:13:55.

The fishing boat is no longer drop their catch here. The river is now

:13:56.:14:00.

too silted up. A bit like the economy here, says this local man.

:14:01.:14:06.

He is considering voting for the FN on Sunday for the first time because

:14:07.:14:11.

things haven't changed enough. The Front National has managed to lance

:14:12.:14:15.

the boil. It is difficult to move the French. I think it is a

:14:16.:14:24.

situation we are in now. Last weekend Marine Le Pen drew 41% of

:14:25.:14:29.

votes across the region. In Calais, half went to her. As well as jobs,

:14:30.:14:34.

she says what voters want is an end to immigration and policies that put

:14:35.:14:40.

French people first. This region used to be a socialist stronghold.

:14:41.:14:44.

Its work is rooted in the industry is of northern France. Now many

:14:45.:14:53.

workers say they feel economically insecure and politically physical,

:14:54.:14:56.

and into that sea has walked Marine Le Pen with their invitation to

:14:57.:15:01.

those she calls France's forgotten ones. In Calais's Christmas markets

:15:02.:15:07.

this week plenty say she has got it right. Why not the FN? We want to be

:15:08.:15:19.

French, and we want France to become France. But a tactical withdrawal by

:15:20.:15:23.

the Socialist candidate here has led to a boost in support for the FN's

:15:24.:15:26.

main rival. He to a boost in support for the FN's

:15:27.:15:31.

gets votes by pointing to problems, like Calais's migrants. Something he

:15:32.:15:37.

already has a solution for. TRANSLATION: I will push the border

:15:38.:15:41.

back to Dover if you don't tackle the issue of migrant work in the UK.

:15:42.:15:46.

The border is in Dover, not Calais, and we are doing your job for you.

:15:47.:15:52.

The vote on Sunday is expected to be close, and hanging over it, a second

:15:53.:15:55.

question: Who will win the bigger prize on offer 18 months from now

:15:56.:15:58.

and the President of France? Saudi Arabia is marking a political

:15:59.:16:02.

milestone this weekend with a round of municipal elections

:16:03.:16:04.

which for the first time will see women voting and hundreds of women

:16:05.:16:08.

standing as candidates. more than more than 900 of them,

:16:09.:16:10.

along with some 6,000 men vying for seats on almost

:16:11.:16:14.

300 local councils. But how big a breakthrough

:16:15.:16:17.

for gender equality The view from the top in Riyadh, a

:16:18.:16:36.

sprawling city under tight control. If change comes here, it is that a

:16:37.:16:41.

gradual pace. But women, who faced many restrictions, are now getting a

:16:42.:16:43.

glimpse of democracy. TV adverts are reaching out to

:16:44.:16:53.

Saudis, calling on them to cast their ballots for local councils.

:16:54.:16:57.

For the first time, women can vote and be candidates. Salman has been

:16:58.:17:07.

running voter education classes with the Saudi nonprofit organisation.

:17:08.:17:12.

She was the first woman in Riyadh to put her name down to vote. The

:17:13.:17:16.

voting centre was a public school, and we went in and the ladies

:17:17.:17:22.

waiting for us to register were excited to see us coming, we were

:17:23.:17:26.

the first to walk in, so just going through the process, writing the

:17:27.:17:30.

paper, filling out the information, was just a wonderful feeling. I knew

:17:31.:17:38.

this was a day in history. The election may make history, but any

:17:39.:17:43.

woman going to vote will not be able to drive herself there. When this

:17:44.:17:48.

woman took the wheel here in the past, she was jailed for 73 days.

:17:49.:17:53.

The young activist was disqualified from running in the election. She

:17:54.:18:01.

challenged that and is back in the race, but, she says, there is a hard

:18:02.:18:04.

road ahead for Saudi women. How long do you think it will take

:18:05.:18:07.

for women here to achieve legal -- equal rights, can be achieved? Equal

:18:08.:18:14.

rights? The entire package? Oh, my God, it will take for ever! I went

:18:15.:18:21.

be alive to witness it, but to win step-by-step, like this one, and

:18:22.:18:26.

hopefully the drive and one, it will take a lot of time, and they have to

:18:27.:18:31.

come step-by-step. Some hearsay there is less to be election than

:18:32.:18:36.

meets the eye, including one of the leading campaigners for women's

:18:37.:18:40.

writes. They did not register my name as a voter at or a candidate

:18:41.:18:45.

because I am boycotting the election -- I did not register. I have my

:18:46.:18:50.

reasons. I am at human rights activist, and I think before women

:18:51.:18:57.

go to elect, they should be a full citizens. Do you think this election

:18:58.:19:04.

is just window dressing. Kind of. And the windowdressing may not

:19:05.:19:08.

distract from concerns about Saudi justice. While some here are

:19:09.:19:12.

counting down to the election, others may be counting down to their

:19:13.:19:18.

execution. The human rights group and Amnesty International says more

:19:19.:19:21.

than 150 people have been put to death here this year, the highest

:19:22.:19:27.

recorded figure in two decades. And there are fears that another 50

:19:28.:19:33.

prisoners could be executed soon. Saudi Arabia says its judiciary is

:19:34.:19:37.

independent and it rejects any interference in its internal

:19:38.:19:42.

affairs. But the new monarch, King Salaman, knows his kingdom is under

:19:43.:19:44.

increasing scrutiny. The American space agency NASA

:19:45.:19:53.

says three astronauts from the International Space Station

:19:54.:19:55.

have returned safely to Earth. Russia and Japan, landed

:19:56.:19:58.

in their Soyuz capsule in the snowy steppes

:19:59.:20:01.

of Kazakhstan. Three new crew members will join

:20:02.:20:03.

the station next Tuesday. Well, those three new

:20:04.:20:08.

astronauts will blast off from Baikonur Cosmodrome

:20:09.:20:10.

and rendezvous with the ISS more The launch site in Kazakhstan has

:20:11.:20:12.

been in use for more than 50 years, allowing crews plenty of time

:20:13.:20:19.

to develop a few kooky rituals and customs before heading

:20:20.:20:24.

into space, as Sarah This is Yuri Gagarin,

:20:25.:20:26.

the first-ever man in space. Because his flight in 1961

:20:27.:20:33.

was so successful, crews ever since have copied many of the things

:20:34.:20:37.

he did in the hope it Before the crew go up

:20:38.:20:40.

in a real one of these, a Soyuz space capsule,

:20:41.:20:45.

there is a whole series of rituals they have to go through

:20:46.:20:47.

and Tim Peake is no exception. The first of them has

:20:48.:20:52.

already been done. The crew have planted

:20:53.:20:54.

a tree here in Baikonur. Yuri Gagarin did it first,

:20:55.:20:58.

and there is now a whole alley of trees as a living memory

:20:59.:21:01.

to all of those who have been up There is another way

:21:02.:21:04.

that the astronauts leave their mark, as Tim Peake himself

:21:05.:21:07.

told me before he came down here. On our final morning,

:21:08.:21:10.

once we have prepared for our space flight,

:21:11.:21:12.

we will be in our flight costumes We were each allocated a door

:21:13.:21:15.

in the Cosmodrome cosmonaut hotel, so we will each sign a door

:21:16.:21:22.

to the cosmonaut hotel We have not long to

:21:23.:21:25.

go until launch day. The astornauts are in quarantine

:21:26.:21:28.

to make sure they stay healthy for the flight, but

:21:29.:21:32.

the traditions go on. On their last nervous night

:21:33.:21:36.

here on earth before liftoff, they will sit down to

:21:37.:21:38.

a classic of Soviet cinema. On launch day itself,

:21:39.:21:40.

it's on with the spacesuit and they emerge to

:21:41.:21:43.

a Soviet rock song. Before they climb into the space

:21:44.:21:47.

craft, it is time for one Gagarin requested a pee stop

:21:48.:21:50.

on the way to his first flight, so from that moment onwards

:21:51.:21:57.

all the astronauts stop, we get off the bus,

:21:58.:22:00.

we undo our suits, we have a pee # I'm a shooting star leaping

:22:01.:22:03.

through the sky. # Like a tiger, defying the laws

:22:04.:22:10.

of gravity...# was preparing for launch,

:22:11.:22:12.

he asked for music to be pumped into his headphones

:22:13.:22:16.

to calm his nerves ahead He got Russian love

:22:17.:22:18.

songs played to him. Tim Peake has been able

:22:19.:22:22.

to choose his own music and he has selected three tracks to be played

:22:23.:22:25.

as he prepares to make # I want to make a supersonic

:22:26.:22:28.

man out of you.# We all get a little

:22:29.:22:40.

carried away sometimes, but for Ukraine's Prime Minister it

:22:41.:22:42.

happened quite literally, was defending his embattled

:22:43.:22:44.

government's record when a supporter of President Poroshenko

:22:45.:22:51.

presented him sarcastically with a bunch of roses,

:22:52.:22:55.

then picked him up and pulled him The incident exposed deep divisions

:22:56.:22:57.

in Kiev's pre-western Ukraine's Western backers have

:22:58.:23:02.

warned that time is running out for it to make good on its promises

:23:03.:23:11.

to root out endemic It's becoming clear that

:23:12.:23:14.

all the heavy equipment we usually see on a film set might soon be

:23:15.:23:23.

a thing of the past. We managed to catch up with a group

:23:24.:23:26.

of young Kenyans who have filmed a movie about life in

:23:27.:23:29.

the slums on a mobile phone. The film features actors

:23:30.:23:33.

who are little known in Kenya, the script is in slang called

:23:34.:23:36.

sheng and the soundtrack I was born and raised in the slums.

:23:37.:24:18.

They have also shared the same thing in the ghetto. She is the young

:24:19.:24:24.

teenager who lives in the ghetto and she gets pregnant. They are talking

:24:25.:24:35.

a lot about empowering and how to mould yourself at an earlier age. If

:24:36.:24:40.

I had seen the movie earlier I would have changed my life, maybe not got

:24:41.:24:41.

pregnant at a young age. RAPPING it's a phone, the simplest

:24:42.:25:02.

thing everyone has, it has a camera, just shoot what you have, building,

:25:03.:25:07.

whatever, it has an impact on someonelife.

:25:08.:25:12.

It doesn't have too inspired 10 million people as long as it

:25:13.:25:14.

inspires one You're watching world News today. An

:25:15.:25:35.

update on the attack in the embassy district of the Afghan capital

:25:36.:25:39.

Kabul. The Spanish Minister Mariano Rajoy says a Spanish policeman has

:25:40.:25:44.

died in that attack, an attack on a guesthouse near the Madrid embassy.

:25:45.:25:50.

It is thought some attackers may still be hiding in the area. We will

:25:51.:25:51.

bring you all the updates on that. That's it from me for the time

:25:52.:25:58.

being. Coming up next, the weather. But from me, Tim Willcox, goodbye.

:25:59.:26:01.

Hello. Some potentially disruptive weather through Saturday because of

:26:02.:26:14.

the next weather system pushing in on the -- of the

:26:15.:26:15.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS