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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.
The headlines: North Korea announces it's taken a giant stride in testing
But the claim is met with scepticism and unanimous condemnation
North Korea needs to end these provocations, needs to commit
to a denuclearised Korean peninsular.
They're meant to be saving the lives of migrants crossing
the Mediterranean but now Turkey says it's confiscated more than 1000
Now German police actions on the night are called
And for all the star-gazers amongst you, we look ahead to the top five
space stories to look out for in 2016.
The shockwaves from what seems to be North Korea's latest nuclear test
Now the UN Security Council has been meeting to discuss the situation.
It's not clear yet if that is true but seismologists did detect a large
earth tremor close to one of North Korea's nuclear sites.
Just to explain an H-bomb, or hydrogen bomb, thermonuclear
weapons use a two-stage process to create a massive explosion.
Tests have shown a blast 25,000 times the size of those
which destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki during the Second World
Until now, only six countries were known to possess thermonuclear
weapons - the US, the UK, Russia, China, France and India.
Analysts will be working hard to confirm whether or not
North Korea has now joined that list.
There has been worldwide condemnation.
Even China, seen as Pyongyang's closest ally, said it firmly
Our correspondent, Rupert Wingfield-Hayes,
At 10am, North Korean state television made the dramatic
A successful hydrogen bomb test has been carried out,
On the streets of Pyongyang, crowds had been marshalled to watch
the announcement and to do their patriotic duty.
The United States is the aggressor with all kinds of nuclear weapons
waiting to invade our country so having a hydrogen bomb
Across the border in South Korea, they measured a man-made earthquake
It was not very big and it remains unclear whether this latest test
really was a hydrogen device as Pyongyang claims.
So what is the difference between a hydrogen bomb
Atomic bombs were first dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
The blast is created by splitting an atom,
releasing the huge amount of energy contained inside.
Hydrogen bombs use an atomic bomb to force elements together,
creating what is called a fusion reaction.
The resulting blast is thousands of times more powerful
But hydrogen bombs are much more difficult to make.
North Korea's soldiers may be good at goose-stepping but a hydrogen
bomb would put this impoverished country in a different league.
The main beneficiary would be its young dictator,
In October, he paraded the huge war machine he commands,
including North Korea's latest long-range missiles which,
one day, could carry nuclear warheads.
For the young Kim Jong-un, nuclear weapons are about one thing,
Perhaps Kim Jong-un wants to tell his domestic constituents
that he is powerful, strong, in control of his regime
that he just took over a few years ago.
He also seems to be trying to tell the international community
that his country is a nuclear weapons state.
That means that his country is a nuclear power.
For people living here, the idea that North Korea,
just 30 miles away to the north of here, may now have a hydrogen
But the question remains, what can the world do about it?
Sanctions have been tried and have failed.
Maybe it is now time for the world to engage with North Korea but it's
very hard to see how any Western leader can engage with a regime that
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon described North Korea's behaviour
On the ground, the nuclear test announced by the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea on the 6th of January is deeply troubling.
This test once again violates numerous Security Council
resolutions despite the united call by the international community
It is also a grave contravention of the international norm
This act is profoundly destabilising for regional security and seriously
undermines international nonproliferation efforts.
Turkish police have confiscated more than 1000 fake life jackets made
for migrants wanting to cross the Aegean Sea to Greece.
In a raid on a workshop in the port of Izmir,
they say they found life jackets stuffed with packaging rather
About 1264 of these fake life jackets, pictures show the police
inside the workshop. The life jackets were piled all around. The
police asked one of the workers, how long will they survive in the water?
The worker said, all I did was stitch it together. He says they
were able to make the jackets for about $1 apiece and they might be
sold for more than that but they would have provided no protection
whatsoever to anyone who bought them. We understand that particular
workshop had been in operation for two weeks. We don't know exactly how
many they wouldn't sold migrants. Looking at the pictures, how
professional does it seem? It looks from those pictures pretty
ramshackle. Another detail the police have told us as they believe
to underage Syrians, girls, were also working there, perhaps ditching
the life jackets together as well for their fellow migrants. But there
is no suggestion this was a Syrian run operation. The suggestion was
that this was run in Turkey, selling those jackets to mostly Syrians or
Afghans. The German Interior Minister,
Thomas de Maiziere, has strongly criticised the police
for their handling of sex attacks by gangs of men during new year
celebrations in Cologne. At least 100 women say
they were assaulted There've only been a handful
of arrests so far. Witnesses say the attackers were
North African or Arab in appearance. Last night these women came together
to support those who had Starting on the square in front
of Cologne Cathedral, Measures should be taken and we
should show solidarity amongst each other against violence.
Starting on the square in front of Cologne Cathedral,
hundreds then made their way through the city where dozens
of women were sexually harassed, assaulted and mugged on New Year's
Jenny had a firecracker put into her jacket and then her phone stolen.
TRANSLATION: Then I heard a sizzling sound in my hood and I tried to get
it out of my hood and then it fell into my jacket
The attackers who also targeted this area outside the main station
are described as young men of Arab or North African appearance
which has led to anti-migrant campaigners claiming this is proof
Germany is letting in too many refugees.
One woman who was there though said they looked like regular pickpockets
and leaders are urging people not to come to foregone conclusions,
TRANSLATION: This morning, we developed measures which prevent
It is also important that we don't let it take away from celebrating
carnival because of such incidents. Despite there being no
suspects or arrests, the event has clearly
shocked so many. Police now need to find out
who was behind the assaults, First of all, where are we with the
dimension of crime. First of all, where are we with the
police investigation? Today we got the information that for young men
have been arrested. They have African roots, North
have been arrested. They have To have been free again
have been arrested. They have evidence was not strong enough.
Those four men have been caught pickpocketing but there is also
evidence pickpocketing but there is also
sexual harassment as well. But even though they are migrants, there is
no organised crime. The police deny any
the angle we are seeing. The organised crime. The police deny any
of the attacks themselves but also at the handling of this by the
authorities. Well, the problem is most of those women were not
directly from Cologne but tourists. It took awhile to collect all the
reports and get the full picture. The question is, why are there so
many people in those small places? It is always happening in big
events, the example New Year's Eve or Carnival which is up. This is a
problem, but too many people gather in small places and you cannot
control what is going on. There is a certain amount of anger. You can see
on social media but the fact that this story would normally make
headline news straightaway but only really started to emerge a days
later. That's correct. The police first reported directly on the 1st
of January that everything was fine and all the information came in
later because it took a while to collect the reports to get the full
picture. Not everybody went to the police directly. Right now, women go
to the police to say, this happen to us as well. We realise that in
Dusseldorf in hamburg, the feeling is that most of the women were not
going to the police directly because maybe they were ashamed not sure but
now that it is getting bigger and bigger, more and more women are
going to the police as saying, this thing happened to me. Are people
accusing the authorities of being too reluctant to publicise what is
going on in this investigation because of fears of sensitivities
over immigration, given the number of refugees that Germany is taking
in and debate around that? The police are accused of acting too
slow to coordinate and they did not have a good overview of the
situation and also, the head of the police in Cologne is reluctant to
leave. The discussion is very big about refugees. There is no proof
those attackers were refugees but they look like migrants so it is
still a discussion that the right-wing populists use for their
thoughts. Thank you for taking the time to put to us in Cologne.
In Washington, a White House spokesman said its initial analysis
of North Korea's nuclear test was inconsistent with Pyongyang's
claim to have successfully exploded a hydrogen bomb.
What is true is that North Korea continues to be one of the most
isolated nations in the world. And their isolation has only deepened as
they have sought to engage in increasingly provocative acts. These
include not just nuclear tests but some ballistic missile tests that
have attracted attention over the years as well.
Let's hear now from the BBC's Aleem Maqbool in Washington.
Interesting to have all permanent members of the Security Council
standing as one over this. That is how it appeared an hour ago and
certainly the statement that came out of the Security Council looked
that way. It called this a threat to international peace and that there
was a unanimous feeling that something had to be done immediately
in terms of imposing further measures on North Korea to ensure it
did not continue to violate Security Council resolutions. Since then, we
have heard from different ambassadors to the UN, firstly the
Japanese ambassador. It was interesting to listen to him.
Japan's efforts to engage with North Korea, to economically cooperate
with North Korea, and saying that did not work, so was time to impose
further sanctions. Then we heard from Russia's ambassador, saying it
was going too far that Russia supported further sanctions but what
we have heard is that during that meeting, nobody disagreed or voiced
their opposition to further sanctions. Somewhat unified response
from the Security Council but as well as these measures, the Security
Council is talking about coming up with individual countries looking to
impose further measures on North Korea. A lot of people will look at
Beijing, which has condemned this act by North Korea to look to see if
Beijing will put its own economic pressure on North Korea. How have we
seen China's stance change regarding North Korea, especially what it said
straight after this announcement? Well, North Korea has been defying
Beijing for some time. There were six party talks to try and end North
Korea's nuclear development but North Korea pulled out of those and
in spite of Beijing's efforts to try and engage more with North Korea, we
have had the North Korean leader rejected invitations to go to
Beijing, for example, and now this. And we have heard that China did not
know that this test would take place and Beijing has condemned this test.
So it does appear that Beijing has certainly been angered by this and
the question is, does North Korea care about that? You heard the White
House spokesman saying it is one of the most isolated country's honour
but that has not stopped it continuing its nuclear development
and it would have known in doing this what only members of the UN
Security Council and its neighbours and one of its only allies in
Beijing, that it has not stopped it. It will be interesting to see what
kind of measures the UN comes up with, or individual countries come
up with, that will have any kind of response from North Korea in terms
of its stopping its nuclear development.
Iranian diplomats have left Saudi Arabia amidst a fierce
diplomatic row between the two countries.
Meanwhile, the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, has called for those
who attacked the Saudi embassy in the Iranian capital to be
prosecuted swiftly in what appears to be an attempt to keep
The latest developments follow Saturday's execution by the Saudis
So what impact this could have on the world?
Saudi Arabia and Iran are the rival military power in regional conflicts
which have killed hundreds of thousands. They view themselves as
defenders of Sunni and Shia Islam respectively and mean the tensions
between them are fuelling sectarian divisions across the Middle East.
The country is not at all directly but fighting on opposite sides
elsewhere in proxy wars. Both countries are crucial to any
solution to the war in Syria. Iran is a key ally of President Assad was
Saudi Arabia supports rebels trying to overthrow him. There was a big
breakthrough last year. The Saudis drop their objections to Tehran
involved in negotiations but the recent breakdown in dangerous UN
involved in negotiations but the and run would be at the main table
but it is hard to see any credible deal be made without their consent.
Iran could also deal be made without their consent.
affected. -- Iraq. Anything that increases
affected. -- Iraq. Anything that it even harder to build on success
and it even harder to build on success
soul, vital if Islamic State is to be defeated.
soul, vital if Islamic State is to campaign to stop the Sufis taking
power. Recently, the Saudi led coalition and the end of a ceasefire
that neither side had either observed so will this row push both
sides further apart now? Tensions have also increased in Lebanon where
the spill-over from the Syrian war has heightened sectarian rifts in
recent years. Countries have been without a President since May 20 14.
Recent efforts to elect one had been derailed so the breakdown between
the Saudi kingdom and an is already having huge consequences throughout
the Middle East and that means intern that the whole world will be
profoundly affected. Coca-Cola has apologised
to the people of Russia and Ukraine after a map in its New Year
advertising campaign ended up In its greeting on a social media
website, the soft drinks company published a festive map of Russia
in Coca-Cola's trademark red and white colours but the map
excluded Crimea, the Ukrainian Stung by a barrage of Russian
criticism over the omission, Coca-Coca republished
the map including Crimea. Coca-Cola has blamed its Russia
marketing agency for adding Crimea The French conductor and composer
Pierre Boulez has died He was famous for never
using a baton and had celebrated stints with orchestras on both
sides of the Atlantic. He also had a passion
for experimentation Here he is conducting a BBC
orchestra in Russia in 1967 with one 2015 was a momentous year for space
exploration with high-profile missions to Pluto and Ceres giving
us unprecedented images but what does this
year hold in store? Rebecca Morelle looks
to the skies for answers. I am the BBC's science
correspondence and these are my top space stories to look out for in
2016. Nasa's Juno spacecraft is closing in on Jupiter. It is not the
first time we visited the solar system's biggest planet but this
probe gets us closer than ever before. It will look in detail at
Jupiter's polar regions as well as the planet's giant red spots, a
colossal storm which has been raging on the surface of years. 2016 could
also be the year that we get the first direct evidence of
gravitational waves. They are ripples of energy that distort the
fabric of space and time at these were predicted by Einstein. Now
scientists in America and Italy had been switched on. They believe this
could be our best chance ever seen these cosmic curiosities for the
first time. The Falcon heavy rocket. A US company tried to launch its
giant rocket up into space. If it succeeds, it will become the most
powerful operational launch in the world. It has got a triple set of
boosters and can carry a very hefty 53 tonnes of cargo. It could also
take humans into orbit in the future. The XO Mars mission.
Europe's last mission to Mars was in 2003. It carried the ill-fated
rocket but now the European Space Agency is going back. It launches in
March. It will look for signs of life. It will also land a probe on
the planet's servers to test the technology for a roller -- rover
that will set down. And finally, Fairwater Rosetta. Remember the
excitement of the 2014 mission where scientists made history by landing a
probe on a comet? In 2016, the spectacular mission comes to an end.
The team will attempt to land the mothership. It will most likely kill
the spacecraft that gained last blast data, helping the mission to
go out with a bang. Photographs have been released of Prince George to
mark his first day at nursery. The slabs were taken by his mother, the
Duchess of Cambridge. They were taken near the family home in
Norfolk. The couple are staying in Norfolk but not when they are in
residence at Kensington Palace in London.
Next the weather but for now, from me, Karin Giannone,
Still looks pretty unsettled over the next few days. Further spells of
wind and rain. We will take a look at the satellite sequence which
shows a lot of cloud coming in from the Atlantic. It is rain bearing