06/01/2016 World News Today


06/01/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines: North Korea announces it's taken a giant stride in testing

:00:07.:00:09.

But the claim is met with scepticism and unanimous condemnation

:00:10.:00:19.

North Korea needs to end these provocations, needs to commit

:00:20.:00:26.

to a denuclearised Korean peninsular.

:00:27.:00:36.

They're meant to be saving the lives of migrants crossing

:00:37.:00:38.

the Mediterranean but now Turkey says it's confiscated more than 1000

:00:39.:00:48.

Now German police actions on the night are called

:00:49.:00:52.

And for all the star-gazers amongst you, we look ahead to the top five

:00:53.:01:01.

space stories to look out for in 2016.

:01:02.:01:26.

The shockwaves from what seems to be North Korea's latest nuclear test

:01:27.:01:29.

Now the UN Security Council has been meeting to discuss the situation.

:01:30.:01:50.

It's not clear yet if that is true but seismologists did detect a large

:01:51.:01:53.

earth tremor close to one of North Korea's nuclear sites.

:01:54.:01:58.

Just to explain an H-bomb, or hydrogen bomb, thermonuclear

:01:59.:02:00.

weapons use a two-stage process to create a massive explosion.

:02:01.:02:03.

Tests have shown a blast 25,000 times the size of those

:02:04.:02:05.

which destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki during the Second World

:02:06.:02:08.

Until now, only six countries were known to possess thermonuclear

:02:09.:02:11.

weapons - the US, the UK, Russia, China, France and India.

:02:12.:02:16.

Analysts will be working hard to confirm whether or not

:02:17.:02:18.

North Korea has now joined that list.

:02:19.:02:21.

There has been worldwide condemnation.

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Even China, seen as Pyongyang's closest ally, said it firmly

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Our correspondent, Rupert Wingfield-Hayes,

:02:26.:02:29.

At 10am, North Korean state television made the dramatic

:02:30.:02:39.

A successful hydrogen bomb test has been carried out,

:02:40.:02:46.

On the streets of Pyongyang, crowds had been marshalled to watch

:02:47.:02:51.

the announcement and to do their patriotic duty.

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The United States is the aggressor with all kinds of nuclear weapons

:02:58.:03:00.

waiting to invade our country so having a hydrogen bomb

:03:01.:03:03.

Across the border in South Korea, they measured a man-made earthquake

:03:04.:03:10.

It was not very big and it remains unclear whether this latest test

:03:11.:03:17.

really was a hydrogen device as Pyongyang claims.

:03:18.:03:23.

So what is the difference between a hydrogen bomb

:03:24.:03:25.

Atomic bombs were first dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.

:03:26.:03:32.

The blast is created by splitting an atom,

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releasing the huge amount of energy contained inside.

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Hydrogen bombs use an atomic bomb to force elements together,

:03:41.:03:44.

creating what is called a fusion reaction.

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The resulting blast is thousands of times more powerful

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But hydrogen bombs are much more difficult to make.

:03:52.:03:58.

North Korea's soldiers may be good at goose-stepping but a hydrogen

:03:59.:04:02.

bomb would put this impoverished country in a different league.

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The main beneficiary would be its young dictator,

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In October, he paraded the huge war machine he commands,

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including North Korea's latest long-range missiles which,

:04:16.:04:19.

one day, could carry nuclear warheads.

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For the young Kim Jong-un, nuclear weapons are about one thing,

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Perhaps Kim Jong-un wants to tell his domestic constituents

:04:30.:04:34.

that he is powerful, strong, in control of his regime

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that he just took over a few years ago.

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He also seems to be trying to tell the international community

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that his country is a nuclear weapons state.

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That means that his country is a nuclear power.

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For people living here, the idea that North Korea,

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just 30 miles away to the north of here, may now have a hydrogen

:04:54.:04:57.

But the question remains, what can the world do about it?

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Sanctions have been tried and have failed.

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Maybe it is now time for the world to engage with North Korea but it's

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very hard to see how any Western leader can engage with a regime that

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UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon described North Korea's behaviour

:05:15.:05:29.

On the ground, the nuclear test announced by the Democratic People's

:05:30.:05:33.

Republic of Korea on the 6th of January is deeply troubling.

:05:34.:05:38.

This test once again violates numerous Security Council

:05:39.:05:42.

resolutions despite the united call by the international community

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It is also a grave contravention of the international norm

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This act is profoundly destabilising for regional security and seriously

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undermines international nonproliferation efforts.

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Turkish police have confiscated more than 1000 fake life jackets made

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for migrants wanting to cross the Aegean Sea to Greece.

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In a raid on a workshop in the port of Izmir,

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they say they found life jackets stuffed with packaging rather

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About 1264 of these fake life jackets, pictures show the police

:06:33.:06:54.

inside the workshop. The life jackets were piled all around. The

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police asked one of the workers, how long will they survive in the water?

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The worker said, all I did was stitch it together. He says they

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were able to make the jackets for about $1 apiece and they might be

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sold for more than that but they would have provided no protection

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whatsoever to anyone who bought them. We understand that particular

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workshop had been in operation for two weeks. We don't know exactly how

:07:26.:07:31.

many they wouldn't sold migrants. Looking at the pictures, how

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professional does it seem? It looks from those pictures pretty

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ramshackle. Another detail the police have told us as they believe

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to underage Syrians, girls, were also working there, perhaps ditching

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the life jackets together as well for their fellow migrants. But there

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is no suggestion this was a Syrian run operation. The suggestion was

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that this was run in Turkey, selling those jackets to mostly Syrians or

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Afghans. The German Interior Minister,

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Thomas de Maiziere, has strongly criticised the police

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for their handling of sex attacks by gangs of men during new year

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celebrations in Cologne. At least 100 women say

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they were assaulted There've only been a handful

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of arrests so far. Witnesses say the attackers were

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North African or Arab in appearance. Last night these women came together

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to support those who had Starting on the square in front

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of Cologne Cathedral, Measures should be taken and we

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should show solidarity amongst each other against violence.

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Starting on the square in front of Cologne Cathedral,

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hundreds then made their way through the city where dozens

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of women were sexually harassed, assaulted and mugged on New Year's

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Jenny had a firecracker put into her jacket and then her phone stolen.

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TRANSLATION: Then I heard a sizzling sound in my hood and I tried to get

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it out of my hood and then it fell into my jacket

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The attackers who also targeted this area outside the main station

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are described as young men of Arab or North African appearance

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which has led to anti-migrant campaigners claiming this is proof

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Germany is letting in too many refugees.

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One woman who was there though said they looked like regular pickpockets

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and leaders are urging people not to come to foregone conclusions,

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TRANSLATION: This morning, we developed measures which prevent

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It is also important that we don't let it take away from celebrating

:09:54.:10:09.

carnival because of such incidents. Despite there being no

:10:10.:10:11.

suspects or arrests, the event has clearly

:10:12.:10:13.

shocked so many. Police now need to find out

:10:14.:10:14.

who was behind the assaults, First of all, where are we with the

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dimension of crime. First of all, where are we with the

:10:18.:10:38.

police investigation? Today we got the information that for young men

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have been arrested. They have African roots, North

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have been arrested. They have To have been free again

:10:48.:10:50.

have been arrested. They have evidence was not strong enough.

:10:51.:10:54.

Those four men have been caught pickpocketing but there is also

:10:55.:10:55.

evidence pickpocketing but there is also

:10:56.:11:00.

sexual harassment as well. But even though they are migrants, there is

:11:01.:11:01.

no organised crime. The police deny any

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the angle we are seeing. The organised crime. The police deny any

:11:20.:11:24.

of the attacks themselves but also at the handling of this by the

:11:25.:11:30.

authorities. Well, the problem is most of those women were not

:11:31.:11:38.

directly from Cologne but tourists. It took awhile to collect all the

:11:39.:11:43.

reports and get the full picture. The question is, why are there so

:11:44.:11:49.

many people in those small places? It is always happening in big

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events, the example New Year's Eve or Carnival which is up. This is a

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problem, but too many people gather in small places and you cannot

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control what is going on. There is a certain amount of anger. You can see

:12:05.:12:10.

on social media but the fact that this story would normally make

:12:11.:12:14.

headline news straightaway but only really started to emerge a days

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later. That's correct. The police first reported directly on the 1st

:12:22.:12:26.

of January that everything was fine and all the information came in

:12:27.:12:31.

later because it took a while to collect the reports to get the full

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picture. Not everybody went to the police directly. Right now, women go

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to the police to say, this happen to us as well. We realise that in

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Dusseldorf in hamburg, the feeling is that most of the women were not

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going to the police directly because maybe they were ashamed not sure but

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now that it is getting bigger and bigger, more and more women are

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going to the police as saying, this thing happened to me. Are people

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accusing the authorities of being too reluctant to publicise what is

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going on in this investigation because of fears of sensitivities

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over immigration, given the number of refugees that Germany is taking

:13:15.:13:22.

in and debate around that? The police are accused of acting too

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slow to coordinate and they did not have a good overview of the

:13:27.:13:29.

situation and also, the head of the police in Cologne is reluctant to

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leave. The discussion is very big about refugees. There is no proof

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those attackers were refugees but they look like migrants so it is

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still a discussion that the right-wing populists use for their

:13:54.:14:00.

thoughts. Thank you for taking the time to put to us in Cologne.

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In Washington, a White House spokesman said its initial analysis

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of North Korea's nuclear test was inconsistent with Pyongyang's

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claim to have successfully exploded a hydrogen bomb.

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What is true is that North Korea continues to be one of the most

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isolated nations in the world. And their isolation has only deepened as

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they have sought to engage in increasingly provocative acts. These

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include not just nuclear tests but some ballistic missile tests that

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have attracted attention over the years as well.

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Let's hear now from the BBC's Aleem Maqbool in Washington.

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Interesting to have all permanent members of the Security Council

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standing as one over this. That is how it appeared an hour ago and

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certainly the statement that came out of the Security Council looked

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that way. It called this a threat to international peace and that there

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was a unanimous feeling that something had to be done immediately

:15:22.:15:25.

in terms of imposing further measures on North Korea to ensure it

:15:26.:15:29.

did not continue to violate Security Council resolutions. Since then, we

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have heard from different ambassadors to the UN, firstly the

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Japanese ambassador. It was interesting to listen to him.

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Japan's efforts to engage with North Korea, to economically cooperate

:15:46.:15:50.

with North Korea, and saying that did not work, so was time to impose

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further sanctions. Then we heard from Russia's ambassador, saying it

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was going too far that Russia supported further sanctions but what

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we have heard is that during that meeting, nobody disagreed or voiced

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their opposition to further sanctions. Somewhat unified response

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from the Security Council but as well as these measures, the Security

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Council is talking about coming up with individual countries looking to

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impose further measures on North Korea. A lot of people will look at

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Beijing, which has condemned this act by North Korea to look to see if

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Beijing will put its own economic pressure on North Korea. How have we

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seen China's stance change regarding North Korea, especially what it said

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straight after this announcement? Well, North Korea has been defying

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Beijing for some time. There were six party talks to try and end North

:16:55.:17:03.

Korea's nuclear development but North Korea pulled out of those and

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in spite of Beijing's efforts to try and engage more with North Korea, we

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have had the North Korean leader rejected invitations to go to

:17:16.:17:19.

Beijing, for example, and now this. And we have heard that China did not

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know that this test would take place and Beijing has condemned this test.

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So it does appear that Beijing has certainly been angered by this and

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the question is, does North Korea care about that? You heard the White

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House spokesman saying it is one of the most isolated country's honour

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but that has not stopped it continuing its nuclear development

:17:49.:17:53.

and it would have known in doing this what only members of the UN

:17:54.:17:58.

Security Council and its neighbours and one of its only allies in

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Beijing, that it has not stopped it. It will be interesting to see what

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kind of measures the UN comes up with, or individual countries come

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up with, that will have any kind of response from North Korea in terms

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of its stopping its nuclear development.

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Iranian diplomats have left Saudi Arabia amidst a fierce

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diplomatic row between the two countries.

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Meanwhile, the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, has called for those

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who attacked the Saudi embassy in the Iranian capital to be

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prosecuted swiftly in what appears to be an attempt to keep

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The latest developments follow Saturday's execution by the Saudis

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So what impact this could have on the world?

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Saudi Arabia and Iran are the rival military power in regional conflicts

:18:43.:19:02.

which have killed hundreds of thousands. They view themselves as

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defenders of Sunni and Shia Islam respectively and mean the tensions

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between them are fuelling sectarian divisions across the Middle East.

:19:13.:19:17.

The country is not at all directly but fighting on opposite sides

:19:18.:19:22.

elsewhere in proxy wars. Both countries are crucial to any

:19:23.:19:26.

solution to the war in Syria. Iran is a key ally of President Assad was

:19:27.:19:32.

Saudi Arabia supports rebels trying to overthrow him. There was a big

:19:33.:19:37.

breakthrough last year. The Saudis drop their objections to Tehran

:19:38.:19:41.

involved in negotiations but the recent breakdown in dangerous UN

:19:42.:19:47.

involved in negotiations but the and run would be at the main table

:19:48.:19:48.

but it is hard to see any credible deal be made without their consent.

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Iran could also deal be made without their consent.

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affected. -- Iraq. Anything that increases

:20:02.:20:08.

affected. -- Iraq. Anything that it even harder to build on success

:20:09.:20:08.

and it even harder to build on success

:20:09.:20:13.

soul, vital if Islamic State is to be defeated.

:20:14.:20:14.

soul, vital if Islamic State is to campaign to stop the Sufis taking

:20:15.:20:29.

power. Recently, the Saudi led coalition and the end of a ceasefire

:20:30.:20:34.

that neither side had either observed so will this row push both

:20:35.:20:38.

sides further apart now? Tensions have also increased in Lebanon where

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the spill-over from the Syrian war has heightened sectarian rifts in

:20:44.:20:47.

recent years. Countries have been without a President since May 20 14.

:20:48.:20:53.

Recent efforts to elect one had been derailed so the breakdown between

:20:54.:20:58.

the Saudi kingdom and an is already having huge consequences throughout

:20:59.:21:01.

the Middle East and that means intern that the whole world will be

:21:02.:21:04.

profoundly affected. Coca-Cola has apologised

:21:05.:21:08.

to the people of Russia and Ukraine after a map in its New Year

:21:09.:21:10.

advertising campaign ended up In its greeting on a social media

:21:11.:21:13.

website, the soft drinks company published a festive map of Russia

:21:14.:21:17.

in Coca-Cola's trademark red and white colours but the map

:21:18.:21:19.

excluded Crimea, the Ukrainian Stung by a barrage of Russian

:21:20.:21:22.

criticism over the omission, Coca-Coca republished

:21:23.:21:27.

the map including Crimea. Coca-Cola has blamed its Russia

:21:28.:21:35.

marketing agency for adding Crimea The French conductor and composer

:21:36.:21:45.

Pierre Boulez has died He was famous for never

:21:46.:21:47.

using a baton and had celebrated stints with orchestras on both

:21:48.:21:51.

sides of the Atlantic. He also had a passion

:21:52.:21:54.

for experimentation Here he is conducting a BBC

:21:55.:21:56.

orchestra in Russia in 1967 with one 2015 was a momentous year for space

:21:57.:22:01.

exploration with high-profile missions to Pluto and Ceres giving

:22:02.:22:43.

us unprecedented images but what does this

:22:44.:22:48.

year hold in store? Rebecca Morelle looks

:22:49.:22:50.

to the skies for answers. I am the BBC's science

:22:51.:23:02.

correspondence and these are my top space stories to look out for in

:23:03.:23:12.

2016. Nasa's Juno spacecraft is closing in on Jupiter. It is not the

:23:13.:23:19.

first time we visited the solar system's biggest planet but this

:23:20.:23:23.

probe gets us closer than ever before. It will look in detail at

:23:24.:23:28.

Jupiter's polar regions as well as the planet's giant red spots, a

:23:29.:23:32.

colossal storm which has been raging on the surface of years. 2016 could

:23:33.:23:38.

also be the year that we get the first direct evidence of

:23:39.:23:41.

gravitational waves. They are ripples of energy that distort the

:23:42.:23:45.

fabric of space and time at these were predicted by Einstein. Now

:23:46.:23:50.

scientists in America and Italy had been switched on. They believe this

:23:51.:23:54.

could be our best chance ever seen these cosmic curiosities for the

:23:55.:24:00.

first time. The Falcon heavy rocket. A US company tried to launch its

:24:01.:24:06.

giant rocket up into space. If it succeeds, it will become the most

:24:07.:24:10.

powerful operational launch in the world. It has got a triple set of

:24:11.:24:16.

boosters and can carry a very hefty 53 tonnes of cargo. It could also

:24:17.:24:20.

take humans into orbit in the future. The XO Mars mission.

:24:21.:24:27.

Europe's last mission to Mars was in 2003. It carried the ill-fated

:24:28.:24:35.

rocket but now the European Space Agency is going back. It launches in

:24:36.:24:40.

March. It will look for signs of life. It will also land a probe on

:24:41.:24:47.

the planet's servers to test the technology for a roller -- rover

:24:48.:24:52.

that will set down. And finally, Fairwater Rosetta. Remember the

:24:53.:24:57.

excitement of the 2014 mission where scientists made history by landing a

:24:58.:25:03.

probe on a comet? In 2016, the spectacular mission comes to an end.

:25:04.:25:09.

The team will attempt to land the mothership. It will most likely kill

:25:10.:25:14.

the spacecraft that gained last blast data, helping the mission to

:25:15.:25:26.

go out with a bang. Photographs have been released of Prince George to

:25:27.:25:32.

mark his first day at nursery. The slabs were taken by his mother, the

:25:33.:25:38.

Duchess of Cambridge. They were taken near the family home in

:25:39.:25:43.

Norfolk. The couple are staying in Norfolk but not when they are in

:25:44.:25:47.

residence at Kensington Palace in London.

:25:48.:25:52.

Next the weather but for now, from me, Karin Giannone,

:25:53.:25:56.

Still looks pretty unsettled over the next few days. Further spells of

:25:57.:26:15.

wind and rain. We will take a look at the satellite sequence which

:26:16.:26:19.

shows a lot of cloud coming in from the Atlantic. It is rain bearing

:26:20.:26:22.

cloud and

:26:23.:26:23.

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