12/01/2016 World News Today


12/01/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:07.

The Headlines - a suicide attack hits the heart

:00:08.:00:09.

Turkey's prime minister says it was a Syrian bomber

:00:10.:00:16.

from the Islamic State group who killed ten people,

:00:17.:00:18.

As tensions continue in Germany over the influx of migrants,

:00:19.:00:24.

there's new plans to make it easier to deport those who commit crimes.

:00:25.:00:30.

The media magnate and the model - Rupert Murdoch and Jerry Hall

:00:31.:00:33.

announce their engagement in the Times newspaper.

:00:34.:00:34.

Archaeologists find a bronze age settlement in the UK. They're

:00:35.:00:50.

calling it Britain's own Pompeii. We start in Turkey,

:00:51.:00:58.

with a bomb attack in the heart At least ten people

:00:59.:01:01.

were killed in the explosion - Turkey's prime minister says it's

:01:02.:01:05.

believed a Syrian suicide bomber from the so-called Islamic State

:01:06.:01:10.

group carried out the blast. The area targeted is the historic

:01:11.:01:13.

Sultanahmet district. It's a magnet for foreign visitors

:01:14.:01:16.

from around the world. The explosion was close

:01:17.:01:19.

to the world famous Blue Mosque. The Haghia Sofia Museum

:01:20.:01:25.

and Topkapi Palace are also Mayhem in the heart of Istanbul,

:01:26.:01:28.

the old town rocked by a massive Security forces rushing to the scene

:01:29.:01:36.

as casualties mounted. Police quickly cordoned off the site

:01:37.:01:45.

evacuating the area and feeling I ran down the street

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when it happened. When I went down, I have seen

:01:48.:01:59.

where the people were lying down. Yes. 11 were killed,

:02:00.:02:02.

mostly German tourists, The government blamed a suicide

:02:03.:02:07.

bomber, a Syrian man who they said The quick identification suggests

:02:08.:02:13.

he was known. As with all terrorist organisations,

:02:14.:02:23.

we will not hold back against Daesh The networks and connections will be

:02:24.:02:28.

revealed and punished It is the fourth attack in Turkey

:02:29.:02:33.

blamed on IS in the last year, a country accused of being too slow

:02:34.:02:45.

to clamp down on the group allowing jihadists and weapons

:02:46.:02:52.

to cross its border into Syria Turkey was long considered

:02:53.:02:54.

the pillar of stability in a volatile Middle East,

:02:55.:03:02.

but in the past year there have been attacks across the country,

:03:03.:03:05.

soaring violence in the mainly Kurdish south-east and now a suicide

:03:06.:03:08.

bombing in Istanbul's to this top. The country's image has suffered

:03:09.:03:10.

terribly and they feel more Tourism, vital to the country's

:03:11.:03:13.

economy, will take a hit, but those we met say

:03:14.:03:16.

they are determined to stay. I am proud a lot of people

:03:17.:03:20.

are showing up and showing solidarity, because if people start

:03:21.:03:23.

to panic and not to visit Turkey, Tonight, the area is still closed

:03:24.:03:28.

off, Turkey on the highest alert. One of the world's great cities

:03:29.:03:34.

now feels vulnerable. Lets talk to Mark live in Istanbul.

:03:35.:03:57.

How much of a shock has this been? It has been a shock even know for

:03:58.:04:01.

many weeks, people had said they thought there would be a big attack.

:04:02.:04:09.

A lapse on the Metro system, and as Turkey has been drawn more into the

:04:10.:04:14.

anti-Islamic state coalition, and is an active member having been

:04:15.:04:18.

reluctant member, it is very exposed. Added to that, there is

:04:19.:04:26.

growing violence with the PKK Turkish militants and attacks from

:04:27.:04:33.

the home-grown, so Turkey doesn't feel particularly unsafe but there's

:04:34.:04:37.

a feeling of insecurity in some parts and people are worried about

:04:38.:04:43.

security issues that is going to have a big impact for Turks in their

:04:44.:04:49.

daily life but also for tourism. 12 million came here last year and

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there is a growing reputation of the city of having security problems,

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that is going to be a very serious problem. And the scenes in such a

:04:58.:05:04.

famous part of Istanbul's old city, this was really a targeted place to

:05:05.:05:15.

hit? Very much so, but one note of solace is this, that on Tuesdays,

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some of the sites around here are close, so there are worth fewer

:05:22.:05:29.

people in this area. Than on some of the other days, so that is why the

:05:30.:05:34.

numbers of those killed was actually lower than it could have been. Still

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devastating consequences, at least ten killed, but had it happened on

:05:42.:05:46.

another day, potentially it could have been even more full of

:05:47.:05:51.

tourists. That is the one little bit of comfort Turkey will draw from

:05:52.:05:57.

this, but clearly a very serious attack in the heart of the old city

:05:58.:06:02.

of Istanbul. That will have very big consequences for how Turkey responds

:06:03.:06:08.

to the security threat and how the clamp-down evermore on Islamic

:06:09.:06:15.

state. It has spoken clearly against IS today, saying they will not draw

:06:16.:06:19.

back, and the attack today will reinforce them.

:06:20.:06:22.

The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has expressed her

:06:23.:06:24.

sympathies for the victims of the Istanbul bombing

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and their families, and promised Germany would continue

:06:27.:06:28.

Today, it was stunned the law. Before that, Paris, Copenhagen,

:06:29.:06:48.

Tunis and many other places. The goal is always the same, it is our

:06:49.:06:54.

free life and free communities. The terrorists are enemies of all free

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people. Yes, enemies of all humanity, whether Syria, Turkey or

:06:59.:07:06.

in Germany, but this freedom and our resolve to fight these terrorists

:07:07.:07:08.

with our international partners will continue. Thank you for talking to

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us. How has the news of the last been met? Clearly, it is a human

:07:19.:07:27.

tragedy, we're not quite clear yet how many Germans have died, and the

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last reports count eight, but several more were severely injured

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so perhaps that could even rise. A difficult time for Germany with two

:07:41.:07:44.

major issues, the other one being the aftermath of the attacks in

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Cologne. How much pressure as she under? The pressure is rising and

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the mood is changing. While has been for months now great support for her

:08:01.:08:03.

attitude towards the refugees, taking in as many as possible,

:08:04.:08:15.

Cologne has... I believe we have lost him. We will try to make

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contact with him again but sorry about that. Let's move on.

:08:20.:08:22.

The escape for the second time of the Mexican drug trafficker

:08:23.:08:25.

Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman was a huge embarrassment

:08:26.:08:27.

He disappeared down a manmade tunnel leading out from his prison cell

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But his recapture last week is a source of pride

:08:32.:08:34.

for the authorities and they've not wasted time

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The marines invited our correspondent Katy Watson on a tour

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of his last hideout in the seaside town of Los Mochis in north-western

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This house has danger written all over it. The heavy military presence

:08:44.:09:04.

and also heavy media presence. Everybody wanting a piece of El

:09:05.:09:09.

Chapo and to see what is inside. It's an unbelievable story but

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inside the house the gunfight between El Chapo's henchmen and the

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Marines seems very real. The whole house turned upside down. The first

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thing you see when you come inside is the kitchen that has been turned

:09:24.:09:27.

totally upside down. Cannons that have exploded and bullets in the

:09:28.:09:35.

waltz. If you look there, it is still an active crime scene with

:09:36.:09:40.

blood on the floor. We were told this was an active crime scene but

:09:41.:09:44.

surprisingly we were still free to explore the house. This may have

:09:45.:09:47.

been his bedroom complete with walk-in wardrobe. There's a floor

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length mirror what they had on board and the Marines didn't spot this

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straightaway, but it was here that he escaped. Speak to people here and

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they cannot quite believe he was hiding out here. It's a very quiet

:10:03.:10:08.

part of town and a nice place to live. About six months ago, you

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could see mounds of earth about a metre and a half height. We never

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saw people outside and has taken everybody by surprise, that without

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even knowing, a hugely important person was there. About one

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kilometre away, a petty ordinarily Junction, but when the marines came

:10:30.:10:34.

and El Chapo escaped, he escaped through the storm drains and came up

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over there. It is an extraordinary tale and one the government want to

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tell now that El Chapo is locked up. Every twist and turn is more bizarre

:10:45.:10:50.

than the last. Taking it to obey house that was the scene of a

:10:51.:10:53.

violent stand-off with one of the world's most wanted men adds to the

:10:54.:10:58.

bizarre feeling, and meanwhile neighbours keep watching, fascinated

:10:59.:10:59.

by the media parried. They've being described as the 'best

:11:00.:11:03.

preserved Bronze age dwellings ever Archaeologists in Cambridgeshire

:11:04.:11:06.

in eastern England have discovered the remains of a settlement

:11:07.:11:09.

of circular wooden houses, The site holds clues

:11:10.:11:11.

into what people ate and what clothes they

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wore 3,000 years ago. Under a giant white tent perched

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on the Cambridgeshire fens lies an extraordinary Bronze Age Time

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Capsule, dubbed Britain's's Pompeii. Must Farm is a settlement thought

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to be 3,000 years old. A dramatic fire destroyed the site

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and the wooden round houses built on stilts were claimed

:11:37.:11:38.

by the prehistoric waters. The condition of the surviving

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material is so good archaeologists say it is the best preserved

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Bronze Age site in Britain. We will be looking at the contents

:11:44.:11:53.

of the pots and tell you what was in them

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the day it burnt down. We will be able to tell

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you what they were wearing. We are finding

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fragments of furniture. I am already building a picture

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of a society from 3000 years ago that feels like it

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was just yesterday. The Bronze Age in Britain

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began in 2500 BC. It came after metalworkers

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discovered that adding tin to copper produced bronze, which was more hard

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wearing for tools and weaponry. This is how Must Farm dated

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towards the end of the era, Collections of huts

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like these formed settlements although not all of them

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were built across a river. It was the water here

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which is partly responsible for the site's good condition,

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offering a frozen moment in time. Normally when we dig archaeology,

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we see the decay of a settlement, we see it going out of use

:12:47.:12:52.

and the slow filling of the pictures This is almost like the opportunity

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to peek through the curtain and see people in the daily moments,

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and as archaeologists we are all just really nosy

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and we just want to be able to see What really excites the team is that

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some things are so well preserved they offer an insight

:13:10.:13:14.

into what domestic life We have got a dagger

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and then this sword, and then if you take a look here,

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there are glass beads from some If you just look at these clay pots,

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they are in such good condition somebody has left

:13:29.:13:36.

their dinner inside! Whether the fire was an accident

:13:37.:13:41.

or an intentional end still remains a mystery, but after 3000 years,

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the life of our prehistoric President Obama will deliver his

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seventh and final State of the Union Rajini Vaidyanathan looks back

:13:47.:13:59.

at his previous addresses and what we might

:14:00.:14:02.

expect from this one. I don't think I have been more

:14:03.:14:26.

optimistic than I have been. The road we have travelled in these last

:14:27.:14:33.

seven years. Seven years ago when Barack Obama took office, the

:14:34.:14:37.

country was at the height of a financial crisis when millions lost

:14:38.:14:41.

their homes and jobs, and brought the focus was on lending America's

:14:42.:14:47.

involvement in wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Today, things look

:14:48.:14:50.

different and the economy is starting to pick up and gay marriage

:14:51.:14:55.

is legal. The health care system has been reformed and the president

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faces new challenges. Back then no one talked about Islamic state and

:15:01.:15:04.

the decades-old issues of race in America have only resurfaced.

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Despite those challenges, the president was upbeat on last year's

:15:11.:15:15.

address. The shadow of crisis has passed and the state of the union is

:15:16.:15:19.

strong. But how strong? Critics point out that the gap between rich

:15:20.:15:24.

and poor has widened. Efforts to bring in a minimum wage has stalled,

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and they won claims to close Guantanamo Bay have still not

:15:31.:15:34.

materialised. One former adviser says his policies have made a huge

:15:35.:15:40.

impact and mortars to come. I do not think this president will go quietly

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into the night. I think this state of the union will prove that and if

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you look at where we are today compared to one year ago, one year

:15:48.:15:51.

ago people said he was dead in the water and he would get nothing done.

:15:52.:15:57.

Pushing change through has a battle. The Democratic party held both

:15:58.:16:00.

houses of Congress when he was elected but now the Republicans do.

:16:01.:16:05.

Getting agreement in areas like immigration and gun control has been

:16:06.:16:10.

tough. In guns, he recently used his presidential authority to bring in

:16:11.:16:15.

some changes but critics said he has governed without compromise. The

:16:16.:16:18.

expectation when he came in was he would build that consensus and that

:16:19.:16:22.

has not been the case and we find ourselves more divided than when we

:16:23.:16:27.

came in. In just over a year's time someone else will be in office so

:16:28.:16:32.

this beach and the months ahead are President Obama's last chance to

:16:33.:16:36.

shape his legacy. White House officials say this will not be a

:16:37.:16:40.

to-do list and will focus on consolidating promises the president

:16:41.:16:42.

has already made. Is this going to be a different kind

:16:43.:16:57.

of state of the union address? That is what he says, that it will not be

:16:58.:17:01.

a wash with the policies that he would like to get enacted but rather

:17:02.:17:05.

he will look at three or four big ideas about where the country is

:17:06.:17:09.

heading. One will be the issue of political polarisation and it is

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kind of ironic that President Obama was elected back in 2008 on the

:17:14.:17:18.

promise of making Americans less polarised and in fact this is a

:17:19.:17:21.

Congress and White House that is more polarised. I think, than

:17:22.:17:27.

anything I can remember. He has two thread quite carefully between

:17:28.:17:30.

saying I have done a very good job and here is my legacy and remember

:17:31.:17:37.

my successors, and yet understand that many Americans do not feel that

:17:38.:17:41.

way. Many people will be asking how much can be realistically get done

:17:42.:17:47.

in just 12 months? I think very little with Congress which is why I

:17:48.:17:50.

don't think his audience are the people in the room who he is talking

:17:51.:17:57.

to, I think he is talking to the 30 million Americans who will be

:17:58.:17:58.

watching and million Americans who will be

:17:59.:18:03.

of the things he has achieved, the nuclear deal and the bipartisan deal

:18:04.:18:05.

with nuclear deal and the bipartisan deal

:18:06.:18:10.

He is saying, I know polls suggest the lot of Americans feel

:18:11.:18:13.

disgruntled and seven in ten do not leave the country is going in the

:18:14.:18:17.

great direction, but here is what I have achieved. This is about laying

:18:18.:18:23.

the ground for his legacy for future generations. And tell us about the

:18:24.:18:27.

choreography of the night. It is also all about the guests. It is all

:18:28.:18:33.

about the guests who set with the first Lady in the box. There will be

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a Syrian refugee, an empty cheer for the victims of gun violence, and

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this has become a tradition of the state of the union, to remind the

:18:44.:18:50.

viewers of the issue is he thinks are important, and it'll be

:18:51.:18:52.

interesting to watch the members of Congress. We have had moments of

:18:53.:18:57.

detente were Republicans and Democrats have sat together but this

:18:58.:19:03.

year they will be firmly divided. The Democrats will applaud at

:19:04.:19:07.

various moments and it'll be interesting to see whether the

:19:08.:19:10.

Republicans are applaud at any moment during the speech and the

:19:11.:19:13.

White House will be watching that too.

:19:14.:19:17.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:19:18.:19:33.

The UN says the suffering in the besieged Syrian town

:19:34.:19:35.

of Madaya is the worst it has witnessed during

:19:36.:19:38.

Reports say twenty-eight people have starved to death in the rebel-held

:19:39.:19:41.

town, which has been cut off for six months by the Syrian government.

:19:42.:19:44.

Some food and medicine has now arrived and more is expected

:19:45.:19:47.

South Korean school pupils who survived a ferry disaster that

:19:48.:19:50.

killed many of their classmates two years ago have taken part

:19:51.:19:53.

in an emotional low-key graduation ceremony.

:19:54.:19:54.

The Sewol was carrying 476 people when it sank off the southwestern

:19:55.:19:57.

island of Jindo in April 2014, killing 304 on board.

:19:58.:20:00.

Most of those who died were children at Danwon High School, near Seoul.

:20:01.:20:03.

Following the ceremony, some of the students visited

:20:04.:20:05.

a nearby memorial and laid their diplomas in front of framed

:20:06.:20:07.

A number of victims' parents also attended the event.

:20:08.:20:11.

More than 45 short-finned pilot whales,

:20:12.:20:12.

stranded on a beach in Tamil Nadu in southern India, have died

:20:13.:20:15.

Marine biologists say the whales may have been following a distress call

:20:16.:20:19.

At least 36 other whales have been pushed back into the sea

:20:20.:20:23.

It's news that has gossip columnists around the world reaching

:20:24.:20:27.

Media mogul Rupert Murdoch has announced his engagement

:20:28.:20:30.

The couple were first seen in public together last October.

:20:31.:20:34.

Our Entertainment Correspondent David Sillito has more.

:20:35.:20:37.

Jerry Hall, model, actress, former partner of Mick Jagger.

:20:38.:20:42.

Rupert Murdoch, three times married global media tycoon.

:20:43.:20:48.

Page 53 of today's times, the happy announcement,

:20:49.:20:50.

It was only a few weeks ago that Jerry Hall was practising the wicked

:20:51.:20:59.

laugh for her role in the panto snow-white.

:21:00.:21:05.

Her next engagement, to be the future Mrs Murdoch.

:21:06.:21:17.

There were immediate congratulations on Twitter from Joan Collins,

:21:18.:21:20.

who posted a photograph of the future Mrs Murdoch,

:21:21.:21:22.

Of course that's not the first we've known of the relationship.

:21:23.:21:28.

The couple have over the past few months been seen out

:21:29.:21:31.

and about at the Rugby World Cup and this weekend's

:21:32.:21:33.

The media has been abuzz with speculation that the 84-year-old

:21:34.:21:40.

They were expecting a takeover proposal rather than

:21:41.:21:46.

Of course, it is not first time around for the happy couple.

:21:47.:21:52.

Rupert Murdoch's previous wife Wendi Deng leapt to his defence

:21:53.:21:56.

when a custard pie headed his way at the Commons select committee.

:21:57.:22:01.

Jerry Hall was before Mick Jagger the partner of another rock star,

:22:02.:22:04.

They have between them more than enough experience,

:22:05.:22:12.

glamour and wealth, what else do you need?

:22:13.:22:23.

Let's return to our top story. The Turkish government says a suicide

:22:24.:22:30.

bomber from the Islamic state group in Syria has carried out a suicide

:22:31.:22:34.

attack in Istanbul which has killed at least ten people. How serious is

:22:35.:22:43.

this for Turkey? The latest in a string of attacks. Let's just be

:22:44.:22:55.

clear that Isis has not claimed this attack, but any radical militant can

:22:56.:22:58.

actually perpetrate an attack in the heart of Istanbul that targets

:22:59.:23:07.

tourists as well, so we knew that militants had the ability to do this

:23:08.:23:10.

for the past year. They have infiltrated a variety of cities in

:23:11.:23:16.

Turkey, and we have always been advising clients that this is a

:23:17.:23:19.

risk, but the fact they have now chosen to perpetrate an attack is

:23:20.:23:23.

very different to just having the capability, and as you said, you

:23:24.:23:28.

analyse risks for economic investment in all sorts of areas of

:23:29.:23:35.

the country, and how worried are Turks for the future of the

:23:36.:23:42.

country's stability? At -- now, they are worried, and not just because of

:23:43.:23:50.

events in eastern cities but also the two attacks that turkey

:23:51.:23:54.

experienced, so this is just a continuation or an intensification

:23:55.:23:59.

of risk and in security that will undoubtedly influence confidence.

:24:00.:24:03.

And what part in mitigating that risk does the role of the government

:24:04.:24:08.

play? We saw today this media blackout but apparently that was

:24:09.:24:12.

nothing new. This has been used before, this sort of tactic. It is

:24:13.:24:16.

only the responsibility of the government to be able to manage

:24:17.:24:20.

these threats and what we are seeing is a pretty big failure of foreign

:24:21.:24:25.

policy on behalf of the government, because we have seen an infiltration

:24:26.:24:31.

through the borders over the last few years of refugees but also

:24:32.:24:34.

militants, and it is not enough to change tactics to increase a

:24:35.:24:40.

crackdown on Isis related militants just in the past few months, and

:24:41.:24:46.

when this kind of change happens, any sympathisers domestically can

:24:47.:24:49.

increase their activity and actually perpetrate attacks, do you think

:24:50.:24:55.

what has happened will change the Turkish government's approach to the

:24:56.:25:01.

rest from Islamic state? This is in part, F actually perpetrated by

:25:02.:25:06.

Isis, in part a reaction to the change in the government stands

:25:07.:25:11.

already. So you think the change already and the pressure has put on,

:25:12.:25:15.

even though many say that is not enough atoll? It seems the reason we

:25:16.:25:19.

are seeing a lot of pressure from abroad is because this is a bit too

:25:20.:25:23.

late coming from the government, and that is because we have seen Turkey

:25:24.:25:27.

wanting to take even more of a stronger stance in what happens in

:25:28.:25:33.

Syria diplomatically and militarily. They also had to crack down

:25:34.:25:37.

domestically on Isis and that of course has changed the game

:25:38.:25:45.

domestically. Thank you very much. And just to remind you, all our

:25:46.:25:50.

stories have more details on the BBC's website and you can get in

:25:51.:25:55.

touch with us Twitter and the weather is coming next but from all

:25:56.:26:01.

No doubt you will have already sense that things have turned colder

:26:02.:26:12.

across the

:26:13.:26:13.

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