12/01/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.


The Headlines - a suicide attack hits the heart


Turkey's prime minister says it was a Syrian bomber


from the Islamic State group who killed ten people,


As tensions continue in Germany over the influx of migrants,


there's new plans to make it easier to deport those who commit crimes.


The media magnate and the model - Rupert Murdoch and Jerry Hall


announce their engagement in the Times newspaper.


Archaeologists find a bronze age settlement in the UK. They're


calling it Britain's own Pompeii. We start in Turkey,


with a bomb attack in the heart At least ten people


were killed in the explosion - Turkey's prime minister says it's


believed a Syrian suicide bomber from the so-called Islamic State


group carried out the blast. The area targeted is the historic


Sultanahmet district. It's a magnet for foreign visitors


from around the world. The explosion was close


to the world famous Blue Mosque. The Haghia Sofia Museum


and Topkapi Palace are also Mayhem in the heart of Istanbul,


the old town rocked by a massive Security forces rushing to the scene


as casualties mounted. Police quickly cordoned off the site


evacuating the area and feeling I ran down the street


when it happened. When I went down, I have seen


where the people were lying down. Yes. 11 were killed,


mostly German tourists, The government blamed a suicide


bomber, a Syrian man who they said The quick identification suggests


he was known. As with all terrorist organisations,


we will not hold back against Daesh The networks and connections will be


revealed and punished It is the fourth attack in Turkey


blamed on IS in the last year, a country accused of being too slow


to clamp down on the group allowing jihadists and weapons


to cross its border into Syria Turkey was long considered


the pillar of stability in a volatile Middle East,


but in the past year there have been attacks across the country,


soaring violence in the mainly Kurdish south-east and now a suicide


bombing in Istanbul's to this top. The country's image has suffered


terribly and they feel more Tourism, vital to the country's


economy, will take a hit, but those we met say


they are determined to stay. I am proud a lot of people


are showing up and showing solidarity, because if people start


to panic and not to visit Turkey, Tonight, the area is still closed


off, Turkey on the highest alert. One of the world's great cities


now feels vulnerable. Lets talk to Mark live in Istanbul.


How much of a shock has this been? It has been a shock even know for


many weeks, people had said they thought there would be a big attack.


A lapse on the Metro system, and as Turkey has been drawn more into the


anti-Islamic state coalition, and is an active member having been


reluctant member, it is very exposed. Added to that, there is


growing violence with the PKK Turkish militants and attacks from


the home-grown, so Turkey doesn't feel particularly unsafe but there's


a feeling of insecurity in some parts and people are worried about


security issues that is going to have a big impact for Turks in their


daily life but also for tourism. 12 million came here last year and


there is a growing reputation of the city of having security problems,


that is going to be a very serious problem. And the scenes in such a


famous part of Istanbul's old city, this was really a targeted place to


hit? Very much so, but one note of solace is this, that on Tuesdays,


some of the sites around here are close, so there are worth fewer


people in this area. Than on some of the other days, so that is why the


numbers of those killed was actually lower than it could have been. Still


devastating consequences, at least ten killed, but had it happened on


another day, potentially it could have been even more full of


tourists. That is the one little bit of comfort Turkey will draw from


this, but clearly a very serious attack in the heart of the old city


of Istanbul. That will have very big consequences for how Turkey responds


to the security threat and how the clamp-down evermore on Islamic


state. It has spoken clearly against IS today, saying they will not draw


back, and the attack today will reinforce them.


The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has expressed her


sympathies for the victims of the Istanbul bombing


and their families, and promised Germany would continue


Today, it was stunned the law. Before that, Paris, Copenhagen,


Tunis and many other places. The goal is always the same, it is our


free life and free communities. The terrorists are enemies of all free


people. Yes, enemies of all humanity, whether Syria, Turkey or


in Germany, but this freedom and our resolve to fight these terrorists


with our international partners will continue. Thank you for talking to


us. How has the news of the last been met? Clearly, it is a human


tragedy, we're not quite clear yet how many Germans have died, and the


last reports count eight, but several more were severely injured


so perhaps that could even rise. A difficult time for Germany with two


major issues, the other one being the aftermath of the attacks in


Cologne. How much pressure as she under? The pressure is rising and


the mood is changing. While has been for months now great support for her


attitude towards the refugees, taking in as many as possible,


Cologne has... I believe we have lost him. We will try to make


contact with him again but sorry about that. Let's move on.


The escape for the second time of the Mexican drug trafficker


Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman was a huge embarrassment


He disappeared down a manmade tunnel leading out from his prison cell


But his recapture last week is a source of pride


for the authorities and they've not wasted time


The marines invited our correspondent Katy Watson on a tour


of his last hideout in the seaside town of Los Mochis in north-western


This house has danger written all over it. The heavy military presence


and also heavy media presence. Everybody wanting a piece of El


Chapo and to see what is inside. It's an unbelievable story but


inside the house the gunfight between El Chapo's henchmen and the


Marines seems very real. The whole house turned upside down. The first


thing you see when you come inside is the kitchen that has been turned


totally upside down. Cannons that have exploded and bullets in the


waltz. If you look there, it is still an active crime scene with


blood on the floor. We were told this was an active crime scene but


surprisingly we were still free to explore the house. This may have


been his bedroom complete with walk-in wardrobe. There's a floor


length mirror what they had on board and the Marines didn't spot this


straightaway, but it was here that he escaped. Speak to people here and


they cannot quite believe he was hiding out here. It's a very quiet


part of town and a nice place to live. About six months ago, you


could see mounds of earth about a metre and a half height. We never


saw people outside and has taken everybody by surprise, that without


even knowing, a hugely important person was there. About one


kilometre away, a petty ordinarily Junction, but when the marines came


and El Chapo escaped, he escaped through the storm drains and came up


over there. It is an extraordinary tale and one the government want to


tell now that El Chapo is locked up. Every twist and turn is more bizarre


than the last. Taking it to obey house that was the scene of a


violent stand-off with one of the world's most wanted men adds to the


bizarre feeling, and meanwhile neighbours keep watching, fascinated


by the media parried. They've being described as the 'best


preserved Bronze age dwellings ever Archaeologists in Cambridgeshire


in eastern England have discovered the remains of a settlement


of circular wooden houses, The site holds clues


into what people ate and what clothes they


wore 3,000 years ago. Under a giant white tent perched


on the Cambridgeshire fens lies an extraordinary Bronze Age Time


Capsule, dubbed Britain's's Pompeii. Must Farm is a settlement thought


to be 3,000 years old. A dramatic fire destroyed the site


and the wooden round houses built on stilts were claimed


by the prehistoric waters. The condition of the surviving


material is so good archaeologists say it is the best preserved


Bronze Age site in Britain. We will be looking at the contents


of the pots and tell you what was in them


the day it burnt down. We will be able to tell


you what they were wearing. We are finding


fragments of furniture. I am already building a picture


of a society from 3000 years ago that feels like it


was just yesterday. The Bronze Age in Britain


began in 2500 BC. It came after metalworkers


discovered that adding tin to copper produced bronze, which was more hard


wearing for tools and weaponry. This is how Must Farm dated


towards the end of the era, Collections of huts


like these formed settlements although not all of them


were built across a river. It was the water here


which is partly responsible for the site's good condition,


offering a frozen moment in time. Normally when we dig archaeology,


we see the decay of a settlement, we see it going out of use


and the slow filling of the pictures This is almost like the opportunity


to peek through the curtain and see people in the daily moments,


and as archaeologists we are all just really nosy


and we just want to be able to see What really excites the team is that


some things are so well preserved they offer an insight


into what domestic life We have got a dagger


and then this sword, and then if you take a look here,


there are glass beads from some If you just look at these clay pots,


they are in such good condition somebody has left


their dinner inside! Whether the fire was an accident


or an intentional end still remains a mystery, but after 3000 years,


the life of our prehistoric President Obama will deliver his


seventh and final State of the Union Rajini Vaidyanathan looks back


at his previous addresses and what we might


expect from this one. I don't think I have been more


optimistic than I have been. The road we have travelled in these last


seven years. Seven years ago when Barack Obama took office, the


country was at the height of a financial crisis when millions lost


their homes and jobs, and brought the focus was on lending America's


involvement in wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Today, things look


different and the economy is starting to pick up and gay marriage


is legal. The health care system has been reformed and the president


faces new challenges. Back then no one talked about Islamic state and


the decades-old issues of race in America have only resurfaced.


Despite those challenges, the president was upbeat on last year's


address. The shadow of crisis has passed and the state of the union is


strong. But how strong? Critics point out that the gap between rich


and poor has widened. Efforts to bring in a minimum wage has stalled,


and they won claims to close Guantanamo Bay have still not


materialised. One former adviser says his policies have made a huge


impact and mortars to come. I do not think this president will go quietly


into the night. I think this state of the union will prove that and if


you look at where we are today compared to one year ago, one year


ago people said he was dead in the water and he would get nothing done.


Pushing change through has a battle. The Democratic party held both


houses of Congress when he was elected but now the Republicans do.


Getting agreement in areas like immigration and gun control has been


tough. In guns, he recently used his presidential authority to bring in


some changes but critics said he has governed without compromise. The


expectation when he came in was he would build that consensus and that


has not been the case and we find ourselves more divided than when we


came in. In just over a year's time someone else will be in office so


this beach and the months ahead are President Obama's last chance to


shape his legacy. White House officials say this will not be a


to-do list and will focus on consolidating promises the president


has already made. Is this going to be a different kind


of state of the union address? That is what he says, that it will not be


a wash with the policies that he would like to get enacted but rather


he will look at three or four big ideas about where the country is


heading. One will be the issue of political polarisation and it is


kind of ironic that President Obama was elected back in 2008 on the


promise of making Americans less polarised and in fact this is a


Congress and White House that is more polarised. I think, than


anything I can remember. He has two thread quite carefully between


saying I have done a very good job and here is my legacy and remember


my successors, and yet understand that many Americans do not feel that


way. Many people will be asking how much can be realistically get done


in just 12 months? I think very little with Congress which is why I


don't think his audience are the people in the room who he is talking


to, I think he is talking to the 30 million Americans who will be


watching and million Americans who will be


of the things he has achieved, the nuclear deal and the bipartisan deal


with nuclear deal and the bipartisan deal


He is saying, I know polls suggest the lot of Americans feel


disgruntled and seven in ten do not leave the country is going in the


great direction, but here is what I have achieved. This is about laying


the ground for his legacy for future generations. And tell us about the


choreography of the night. It is also all about the guests. It is all


about the guests who set with the first Lady in the box. There will be


a Syrian refugee, an empty cheer for the victims of gun violence, and


this has become a tradition of the state of the union, to remind the


viewers of the issue is he thinks are important, and it'll be


interesting to watch the members of Congress. We have had moments of


detente were Republicans and Democrats have sat together but this


year they will be firmly divided. The Democrats will applaud at


various moments and it'll be interesting to see whether the


Republicans are applaud at any moment during the speech and the


White House will be watching that too.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The UN says the suffering in the besieged Syrian town


of Madaya is the worst it has witnessed during


Reports say twenty-eight people have starved to death in the rebel-held


town, which has been cut off for six months by the Syrian government.


Some food and medicine has now arrived and more is expected


South Korean school pupils who survived a ferry disaster that


killed many of their classmates two years ago have taken part


in an emotional low-key graduation ceremony.


The Sewol was carrying 476 people when it sank off the southwestern


island of Jindo in April 2014, killing 304 on board.


Most of those who died were children at Danwon High School, near Seoul.


Following the ceremony, some of the students visited


a nearby memorial and laid their diplomas in front of framed


A number of victims' parents also attended the event.


More than 45 short-finned pilot whales,


stranded on a beach in Tamil Nadu in southern India, have died


Marine biologists say the whales may have been following a distress call


At least 36 other whales have been pushed back into the sea


It's news that has gossip columnists around the world reaching


Media mogul Rupert Murdoch has announced his engagement


The couple were first seen in public together last October.


Our Entertainment Correspondent David Sillito has more.


Jerry Hall, model, actress, former partner of Mick Jagger.


Rupert Murdoch, three times married global media tycoon.


Page 53 of today's times, the happy announcement,


It was only a few weeks ago that Jerry Hall was practising the wicked


laugh for her role in the panto snow-white.


Her next engagement, to be the future Mrs Murdoch.


There were immediate congratulations on Twitter from Joan Collins,


who posted a photograph of the future Mrs Murdoch,


Of course that's not the first we've known of the relationship.


The couple have over the past few months been seen out


and about at the Rugby World Cup and this weekend's


The media has been abuzz with speculation that the 84-year-old


They were expecting a takeover proposal rather than


Of course, it is not first time around for the happy couple.


Rupert Murdoch's previous wife Wendi Deng leapt to his defence


when a custard pie headed his way at the Commons select committee.


Jerry Hall was before Mick Jagger the partner of another rock star,


They have between them more than enough experience,


glamour and wealth, what else do you need?


Let's return to our top story. The Turkish government says a suicide


bomber from the Islamic state group in Syria has carried out a suicide


attack in Istanbul which has killed at least ten people. How serious is


this for Turkey? The latest in a string of attacks. Let's just be


clear that Isis has not claimed this attack, but any radical militant can


actually perpetrate an attack in the heart of Istanbul that targets


tourists as well, so we knew that militants had the ability to do this


for the past year. They have infiltrated a variety of cities in


Turkey, and we have always been advising clients that this is a


risk, but the fact they have now chosen to perpetrate an attack is


very different to just having the capability, and as you said, you


analyse risks for economic investment in all sorts of areas of


the country, and how worried are Turks for the future of the


country's stability? At -- now, they are worried, and not just because of


events in eastern cities but also the two attacks that turkey


experienced, so this is just a continuation or an intensification


of risk and in security that will undoubtedly influence confidence.


And what part in mitigating that risk does the role of the government


play? We saw today this media blackout but apparently that was


nothing new. This has been used before, this sort of tactic. It is


only the responsibility of the government to be able to manage


these threats and what we are seeing is a pretty big failure of foreign


policy on behalf of the government, because we have seen an infiltration


through the borders over the last few years of refugees but also


militants, and it is not enough to change tactics to increase a


crackdown on Isis related militants just in the past few months, and


when this kind of change happens, any sympathisers domestically can


increase their activity and actually perpetrate attacks, do you think


what has happened will change the Turkish government's approach to the


rest from Islamic state? This is in part, F actually perpetrated by


Isis, in part a reaction to the change in the government stands


already. So you think the change already and the pressure has put on,


even though many say that is not enough atoll? It seems the reason we


are seeing a lot of pressure from abroad is because this is a bit too


late coming from the government, and that is because we have seen Turkey


wanting to take even more of a stronger stance in what happens in


Syria diplomatically and militarily. They also had to crack down


domestically on Isis and that of course has changed the game


domestically. Thank you very much. And just to remind you, all our


stories have more details on the BBC's website and you can get in


touch with us Twitter and the weather is coming next but from all


No doubt you will have already sense that things have turned colder


across the


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