11/01/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.


Our top story: tributes for one of the most influential artists


David Bowie - icon and innovator - dies of cancer, at the of 69.


In a career which spanned 6 decades, he kept re-shaping his music


An aid convoy enters the besieged Syrian town of Madaya where forty


thousand people were facing starvation.


Also coming up, a legal first in Spain, as Princess Cristina


The death of David Bowie has come as a shock to all but those


For 18 months he was struggling with cancer.


His death brings to an end the life of one of the most inspirational


music performers of the last 50 years.


He didn't tend to describe himself as a musician -


As he proved through video, film, fashion and of course, his songs.


In the first of our reports tonight our Arts Editor Will Gompertz looks


Here is a special man. Screwed up eyes, and screwed down her style.


David Bowie, 1972, and his alter ego, Ziggy Stardust.


I am only using rock 'n' roll as a medium. I don't think it had been


voiced before. I wanted to be the instigator of new ideas. Turn people


on to new things, new perspectives, to be a catalyst.


Born David Jones and brought up in the suburban London, he restyled


himself and in 1969% at his strange world of alienation and ambiguity.


The older generation will be amused. And rock fans dismissive. But


teenagers in bedrooms were transfixed. At last, somebody who


understood them. He would try things. People laughed


about his cross dressing, but he wanted to know what it was like. I


had so much admiration for him. And he had that very clever thing of


creating a persona on stage, it was fantastic, because when he had had


enough of that person he could bring another one on board.


He made plain his artistic modus operandi in 1971, with Changes.


It is like looking at an actor's films and taking clippings and


saying, here he is. That is different from most rock


stars. I am not a rock star. I am not in


rock and roll. A performance artist, he became


transfixed with the idea of creating character actor character. Ziggy


Stardust, becoming the Thin White Duke. A number one in America


followed, and transatlantic success for a bizarre British export.


You get the strangest reactions. Some people said I would be scared


sitting talking to you, that you would bite my neck, a very peculiar


thing. It is what you want I suppose. And


what do I see my? A working actor.


That's right, and it is very good. Nothing will prepare you for the


impact of his first, to performance in the man who fell to Earth...


He was an actor who started out as a mime artist. In 1976 he took the


starring role in an arthouse film. He moved to Berlin and made a


trilogy of critically acclaimed albums with Brian Eno.


# Ashes to ashes... He was often at the forefront of


change, from raising gender issues, to the video age. A new decade, and


a new romantic look. Let's Dance, a massive international success, but


he was not happy. Artistically, it was my lowest


point. Over the past decade he retreated


from public life but continued to make records and pursued creative


collaborations. He released his final album, Blackstar, last week,


on his 69th birthday. Innovative, surprising, and, in anticipating his


own death, visionary. He was a truly great artist, to the very end.


David Bowie was born in Brixton, south London and today fans have


been leaving flowers and lighting candles next to a mural


Whether it's New York, where Bowie lived or Berlin,


where he wrote some of his most famous tracks, people have been


talking about how he influenced their lives.


Our Arts Correspondent David Sillito has been listening to reaction


# To the girl with the mousey hair... I just loved his music. I


loved him. He was more than an artist. He


superseded that. He was a real person, creative. Brixton, his


birthplace, Berlin, his creative escape. And this, the place made


famous by a legendary album cover. This is the spot, isn't it? You can


still see the gaslamp. And for most of us, this is as close as you ever


really got to David Bowie. But for his fans, these images, the words,


to be played at maximum volume, he was like an alien that arrived in


strange clothes, was an even stranger sexuality. And what he did


was sort of give people a mission to live life differently.


He probably saved my life. Just through his lyrics and songs and


attitude. I was a troubled teenager. I actually appear on this record. He


has been part of my life since meeting him in 1967. So it feels as


if a major been -- meeting him in 1967. So it feels as


knocked away. Among the tributes, Paul McCartney, and the man who


helped create some of his Paul McCartney, and the man who


mind you now, he said, I Paul McCartney, and the man who


note seven days ago, it said, thank you for the good times, Brian. I


realise now, he was saying goodbye. Our North America correspondent


is live in New York David Bowie How people took the news?


It was as the Golden globes were winding down and the after parties


getting under way. Then they heard about the death of David Bowie,


Ricky Gervais was amongst the first to say that he lost a hero. One of


the DJs responded by simply playing back-to-back David Bowie music.


Celebrities were sharing their forts all night. And fans responded


spontaneously, in some cases by heading to Hollywood love --


boulevard, which has become a makeshift memorial, taking flowers,


lighting candles, leaving, in one case, a little pink alien toy. Lots


of glitter is scattered around the ground, there are even a couple of


miniature whiskey bottles and some lighters. Celebrities have been


saying things like... Well, the music industry responding. One of


the great producers of today said that he was a great innovator, truly


creative. Kanye West, David Bowie was one of my inspirations, he gave


us magic for a lifetime, and Cher, briefly, saying she was devastated,


she had a little symbol of a broken heart and said, the legend is gone.


We can see on the screen those tributes being laid. Peter, thank


you very much. Bowie spent a number of years


in the '70s living in Berlin - he also created a number


of albums while he was there. Today, the German foreign ministry


credited Bowie with helping to bring Our correspondent Damien


McGuinness is there now. The reason that was said is because


the anthem of Berlin, effectively, as the song, Heroes, he wrote it in


a studio right beside the Berlin Wall, it is the story of a couple


who are beside the wall, he played in that song ten years later in


1987, when Berlin was still divided, to a concert of 70,000 West Germans,


right by the wall. On the other side, hundreds of east Germans


gathered together, shouting, tear down this wall. Within two years, as


we know, the wall had come down, and Germany was reunified. So the song


became the anthem of the city. Behind me you can see hundreds of


locals gathering in front of the flat where he once lived. He shared


the flat with Iggy pop, just imagine that flat share. For him, Berlin was


creatively very important. It was a transition period from Glam rock,


make-up, wigs, to something more serious, and for critics, more


musically credible. As you quite rightly said, it was here in Berlin


that he wrote and produced his three, probably, most respected


albums. The Berlin Trilogy. That is why he is so close to the hearts of


many here. One woman I spoke to said she was devastated and said that


David Bowie is Berlin. And I suppose, like all the places


this news has been received, the shock. Nobody knew was coming.


That is right. I spoke to loads of people this morning just outside the


flat who said they had no idea, they were really tearful. People who had


grown up with his songs. Younger people who felt inspired. Because


this is not just a retro- style just thing. You have so many young,


creative musicians who come to Berlin today still thinking about


David Bowie, he has this magical attraction towards Berlin, and


there's this myth around the city as a creative, decadent place, he was


very much a part of that and is still a part of what rings young


creatives to Berlin, especially musicians.


Thank you very much. One of the most famous


tributes to David Bowie - when he was still alive -


came nearly three years ago from the International Space


Station, from Commander Chris Hadfield, with his own version


of Bowie's "A Space Oddity." I got the reaction of Commander


Hadfield to the death of Bowie. I was so sad this morning to wake up


to that being the first piece of news I read when I looked at what


has happened overnight. To have celebrated his creativity, his whole


life, a sickly, the whole span of my adult life I was listening to his


music, so it is an irretrievable loss. I'm just delighted that I got


to be a little part of everything he has done.


You said that many people were moved by the words, goodbye, Starman. How


did he inspire you? He recently had a travelling exhibit


that all the way around the world. I am from Toronto. He was in Toronto.


I had always had an inkling of his creativity and originality, but it


was only when I walked through that exhibit, right from when he was a


young teenager, right through his whole life, the fearlessness of his


creativity, the relentless desire to create and to invent and to


reanalyse things were in evidence right up until this last couple of


weeks with the release of his last album. And just coincidently, over


the holidays, I watched Lazarus, a song from the album, he knew he was


dying, yet it is poignant, artistic, creative, original, and


awe-inspiring. So I had great respect for him. And all the things


that he did. The more you turn over the more usage is how deep a person


he was. Then came this incredible fusion of


Space Oddity and your real experience on the space station. Why


did you make the video? Usually I would not have but with


social media there was a clamour all around the world from people who


heard that there was a musician recording in the space station, to


make a version of that song. It is true it audacious, really, he is


such an original force, to cover that... But I thought, well, I am


here, this is unusual, it is new, I will just do a vocal cover. But


before we walked on the moon he wrote Space Oddity, 1968. When I


sang it and listen to my voice, it surprised me. Like somehow he had


wrecked most what it was going to be like. -- he had a recognised. It was


almost transcendent, I could feel what he had been thinking when I


sang it in that race. That really brought home the event, I thought I


would do my best to make a video of it. The response from around the


world was amazing. medical supplies and blankets has


arrived in the besieged Syrian town An international aid convoy carrying


desperately-needed food, medical supplies and blankets has


arrived in the besieged Syrian town Food distribution will continue


throughout the night. 40,000 people there have endured


a blockade by pro-government forces Aid is also being delivered


to the villages of Foah and Kefraya - where 20,000 people have been


trapped since March. Here's our chief international


correspondent, Lyse Doucet. Aid finally arrived in Madaya, with


thousands at the barrier of the entrance to this rebel held town.


And this is why. Look at what we are eating, this woman cries will stop


the cry for help was filmed by activists. We cannot verify it. At


the UN says there are credible reports of people starving to death.


Food, blankets, medicine, being unloaded in warehouses tonight. The


same ocean is now under way in northern Syria. In two villages and


the government control. That was the deal. In this conflict food is being


used by all sides as a weapon of war, civilians paid a heavy price.


Images said to be of Madaya's emaciated children raised alarm in


many capitals last week. This is now the face of Syrian suffering. The


aid will help ease the crisis but it is not enough.


We know there are 40,000 people around the city urgently needing


food assistance. We are taking in supplies that should last a month


but what we really need is access to guarantee this situation does not


happen again. The glories will keep moving if


there are no more delays but missions like this are urgently


needed across Serie A -- the lorries. For the half million live


in desperate conditions currently getting no aid at all.


News that is just in, Leo Messi as one world Player of the Year. -- has


won. He finished ahead of Ronaldo and the Brazilian star Neymar, who


also plays for Barcelona. The interior minister


of the North Rhine-Westphalia state in Germany, Ralf Jaeger,


said that recent arrivals in Germany were among the suspects


in the New Year's Eve attacks by the cathedral and railway


station in central Cologne. Police in Cologne say they believe


further attacks which happened on Sunday, this time on six


Pakistani men and a Syrian, may have been co-ordinated


in advance on social media. I am joined by the chairwoman of an


organisation countering far right extremism, I asked her what some of


the repercussions of the attacks have nine for refugees.


We had to deal with a problem that we have with those immigrants and


the projection of the Society of the Germans, German society, or to


refugees and immigrants in general. So we have to deal with the problem


but we are not allowed to generalise what happened to every refugee that


is in Germany. What are your thoughts on how you


deal with this situation? I think that Germany has to learn


how to handle conflict. This is a society where everybody likes to


avoid conflict. Since the refugees came in and we have of the conflict


on the table. We have to deal with it. Germans are not really good at


dealing with conflict. We have to learn not to generalise, but to


notice that we have... And it is possible to have problems with


immigrants, not everybody is a good person.


Princess Cristina - the sister of the King of Spain -


has appeared in court on charges of tax fraud.


The case centres on the business activities of her husband -


who's accused of embezzling public funds.


She is the first member of the Spanish royal family ever


Our Europe correspondent Chris Morris reports from Mallorca.


Arriving for her day in court, Princess Cristina, six in line to


the Spanish throne, now charged with being an accomplice to tax fraud.


Alongside her, her husband, a former Olympic handball player. His


business activities lie at the heart of the case. Inside the courtroom,


Princess Cristina is one of 18 defendants. Prosecutors say millions


of euros in public funds were diverted from a charitable


organisation into a firm owned jointly by the royal couple, they


both firmly denied wrongdoing, but could end up in jail. The symbolism


of putting a royal in the dock is hard to overstate. This trial may be


a sign that the years of impunity for the powerful are coming to an


end. And it is not just about what is happening here. Across Spain


hundreds of politicians at various levels of government are under


investigation for corruption. Many Spaniards feel that the system is


rotten to the core. A small group of protesters outside court, but things


will begin to change. Just this needs to be the same for


everybody. Rinses or no princess. The money they stole, they have to


give it back, because it is ours. It is all a long way from this, the


royal wedding in 1997, at the height of Princess Cristina's popularity.


Last year her brother, King Felipe, stripped her of her Duchess title


when it was confirmed she would stand trial. For the next few


months, the eyes of Spain will focus on what happens in this courtroom.


Stay with BBC World News -- in a few moments we'll


have a special BBC Programme looking at the life of David Bowie.


For now we end this bulletin with some of his incredible work.




Hello, the next few days will feel colder than of late. There will be a


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