11/01/2016 World News Today


11/01/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.

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Our top story: tributes for one of the most influential artists

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David Bowie - icon and innovator - dies of cancer, at the of 69.

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In a career which spanned 6 decades, he kept re-shaping his music

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An aid convoy enters the besieged Syrian town of Madaya where forty

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thousand people were facing starvation.

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Also coming up, a legal first in Spain, as Princess Cristina

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The death of David Bowie has come as a shock to all but those

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For 18 months he was struggling with cancer.

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His death brings to an end the life of one of the most inspirational

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music performers of the last 50 years.

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He didn't tend to describe himself as a musician -

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As he proved through video, film, fashion and of course, his songs.

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In the first of our reports tonight our Arts Editor Will Gompertz looks

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Here is a special man. Screwed up eyes, and screwed down her style.

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David Bowie, 1972, and his alter ego, Ziggy Stardust.

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I am only using rock 'n' roll as a medium. I don't think it had been

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voiced before. I wanted to be the instigator of new ideas. Turn people

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on to new things, new perspectives, to be a catalyst.

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Born David Jones and brought up in the suburban London, he restyled

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himself and in 1969% at his strange world of alienation and ambiguity.

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The older generation will be amused. And rock fans dismissive. But

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teenagers in bedrooms were transfixed. At last, somebody who

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understood them. He would try things. People laughed

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about his cross dressing, but he wanted to know what it was like. I

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had so much admiration for him. And he had that very clever thing of

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creating a persona on stage, it was fantastic, because when he had had

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enough of that person he could bring another one on board.

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He made plain his artistic modus operandi in 1971, with Changes.

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It is like looking at an actor's films and taking clippings and

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saying, here he is. That is different from most rock

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stars. I am not a rock star. I am not in

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rock and roll. A performance artist, he became

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transfixed with the idea of creating character actor character. Ziggy

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Stardust, becoming the Thin White Duke. A number one in America

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followed, and transatlantic success for a bizarre British export.

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You get the strangest reactions. Some people said I would be scared

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sitting talking to you, that you would bite my neck, a very peculiar

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thing. It is what you want I suppose. And

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what do I see my? A working actor.

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That's right, and it is very good. Nothing will prepare you for the

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impact of his first, to performance in the man who fell to Earth...

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He was an actor who started out as a mime artist. In 1976 he took the

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starring role in an arthouse film. He moved to Berlin and made a

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trilogy of critically acclaimed albums with Brian Eno.

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# Ashes to ashes... He was often at the forefront of

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change, from raising gender issues, to the video age. A new decade, and

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a new romantic look. Let's Dance, a massive international success, but

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he was not happy. Artistically, it was my lowest

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point. Over the past decade he retreated

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from public life but continued to make records and pursued creative

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collaborations. He released his final album, Blackstar, last week,

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on his 69th birthday. Innovative, surprising, and, in anticipating his

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own death, visionary. He was a truly great artist, to the very end.

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David Bowie was born in Brixton, south London and today fans have

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been leaving flowers and lighting candles next to a mural

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Whether it's New York, where Bowie lived or Berlin,

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where he wrote some of his most famous tracks, people have been

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talking about how he influenced their lives.

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Our Arts Correspondent David Sillito has been listening to reaction

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# To the girl with the mousey hair... I just loved his music. I

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loved him. He was more than an artist. He

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superseded that. He was a real person, creative. Brixton, his

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birthplace, Berlin, his creative escape. And this, the place made

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famous by a legendary album cover. This is the spot, isn't it? You can

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still see the gaslamp. And for most of us, this is as close as you ever

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really got to David Bowie. But for his fans, these images, the words,

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to be played at maximum volume, he was like an alien that arrived in

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strange clothes, was an even stranger sexuality. And what he did

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was sort of give people a mission to live life differently.

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He probably saved my life. Just through his lyrics and songs and

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attitude. I was a troubled teenager. I actually appear on this record. He

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has been part of my life since meeting him in 1967. So it feels as

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if a major been -- meeting him in 1967. So it feels as

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knocked away. Among the tributes, Paul McCartney, and the man who

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helped create some of his Paul McCartney, and the man who

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mind you now, he said, I Paul McCartney, and the man who

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note seven days ago, it said, thank you for the good times, Brian. I

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realise now, he was saying goodbye. Our North America correspondent

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is live in New York David Bowie How people took the news?

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It was as the Golden globes were winding down and the after parties

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getting under way. Then they heard about the death of David Bowie,

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Ricky Gervais was amongst the first to say that he lost a hero. One of

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the DJs responded by simply playing back-to-back David Bowie music.

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Celebrities were sharing their forts all night. And fans responded

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spontaneously, in some cases by heading to Hollywood love --

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boulevard, which has become a makeshift memorial, taking flowers,

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lighting candles, leaving, in one case, a little pink alien toy. Lots

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of glitter is scattered around the ground, there are even a couple of

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miniature whiskey bottles and some lighters. Celebrities have been

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saying things like... Well, the music industry responding. One of

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the great producers of today said that he was a great innovator, truly

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creative. Kanye West, David Bowie was one of my inspirations, he gave

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us magic for a lifetime, and Cher, briefly, saying she was devastated,

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she had a little symbol of a broken heart and said, the legend is gone.

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We can see on the screen those tributes being laid. Peter, thank

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you very much. Bowie spent a number of years

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in the '70s living in Berlin - he also created a number

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of albums while he was there. Today, the German foreign ministry

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credited Bowie with helping to bring Our correspondent Damien

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McGuinness is there now. The reason that was said is because

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the anthem of Berlin, effectively, as the song, Heroes, he wrote it in

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a studio right beside the Berlin Wall, it is the story of a couple

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who are beside the wall, he played in that song ten years later in

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1987, when Berlin was still divided, to a concert of 70,000 West Germans,

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right by the wall. On the other side, hundreds of east Germans

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gathered together, shouting, tear down this wall. Within two years, as

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we know, the wall had come down, and Germany was reunified. So the song

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became the anthem of the city. Behind me you can see hundreds of

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locals gathering in front of the flat where he once lived. He shared

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the flat with Iggy pop, just imagine that flat share. For him, Berlin was

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creatively very important. It was a transition period from Glam rock,

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make-up, wigs, to something more serious, and for critics, more

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musically credible. As you quite rightly said, it was here in Berlin

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that he wrote and produced his three, probably, most respected

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albums. The Berlin Trilogy. That is why he is so close to the hearts of

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many here. One woman I spoke to said she was devastated and said that

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David Bowie is Berlin. And I suppose, like all the places

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this news has been received, the shock. Nobody knew was coming.

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That is right. I spoke to loads of people this morning just outside the

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flat who said they had no idea, they were really tearful. People who had

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grown up with his songs. Younger people who felt inspired. Because

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this is not just a retro- style just thing. You have so many young,

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creative musicians who come to Berlin today still thinking about

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David Bowie, he has this magical attraction towards Berlin, and

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there's this myth around the city as a creative, decadent place, he was

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very much a part of that and is still a part of what rings young

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creatives to Berlin, especially musicians.

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Thank you very much. One of the most famous

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tributes to David Bowie - when he was still alive -

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came nearly three years ago from the International Space

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Station, from Commander Chris Hadfield, with his own version

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of Bowie's "A Space Oddity." I got the reaction of Commander

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Hadfield to the death of Bowie. I was so sad this morning to wake up

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to that being the first piece of news I read when I looked at what

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has happened overnight. To have celebrated his creativity, his whole

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life, a sickly, the whole span of my adult life I was listening to his

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music, so it is an irretrievable loss. I'm just delighted that I got

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to be a little part of everything he has done.

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You said that many people were moved by the words, goodbye, Starman. How

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did he inspire you? He recently had a travelling exhibit

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that all the way around the world. I am from Toronto. He was in Toronto.

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I had always had an inkling of his creativity and originality, but it

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was only when I walked through that exhibit, right from when he was a

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young teenager, right through his whole life, the fearlessness of his

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creativity, the relentless desire to create and to invent and to

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reanalyse things were in evidence right up until this last couple of

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weeks with the release of his last album. And just coincidently, over

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the holidays, I watched Lazarus, a song from the album, he knew he was

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dying, yet it is poignant, artistic, creative, original, and

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awe-inspiring. So I had great respect for him. And all the things

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that he did. The more you turn over the more usage is how deep a person

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he was. Then came this incredible fusion of

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Space Oddity and your real experience on the space station. Why

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did you make the video? Usually I would not have but with

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social media there was a clamour all around the world from people who

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heard that there was a musician recording in the space station, to

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make a version of that song. It is true it audacious, really, he is

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such an original force, to cover that... But I thought, well, I am

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here, this is unusual, it is new, I will just do a vocal cover. But

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before we walked on the moon he wrote Space Oddity, 1968. When I

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sang it and listen to my voice, it surprised me. Like somehow he had

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wrecked most what it was going to be like. -- he had a recognised. It was

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almost transcendent, I could feel what he had been thinking when I

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sang it in that race. That really brought home the event, I thought I

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would do my best to make a video of it. The response from around the

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world was amazing. medical supplies and blankets has

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arrived in the besieged Syrian town An international aid convoy carrying

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desperately-needed food, medical supplies and blankets has

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arrived in the besieged Syrian town Food distribution will continue

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throughout the night. 40,000 people there have endured

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a blockade by pro-government forces Aid is also being delivered

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to the villages of Foah and Kefraya - where 20,000 people have been

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trapped since March. Here's our chief international

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correspondent, Lyse Doucet. Aid finally arrived in Madaya, with

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thousands at the barrier of the entrance to this rebel held town.

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And this is why. Look at what we are eating, this woman cries will stop

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the cry for help was filmed by activists. We cannot verify it. At

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the UN says there are credible reports of people starving to death.

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Food, blankets, medicine, being unloaded in warehouses tonight. The

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same ocean is now under way in northern Syria. In two villages and

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the government control. That was the deal. In this conflict food is being

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used by all sides as a weapon of war, civilians paid a heavy price.

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Images said to be of Madaya's emaciated children raised alarm in

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many capitals last week. This is now the face of Syrian suffering. The

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aid will help ease the crisis but it is not enough.

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We know there are 40,000 people around the city urgently needing

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food assistance. We are taking in supplies that should last a month

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but what we really need is access to guarantee this situation does not

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happen again. The glories will keep moving if

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there are no more delays but missions like this are urgently

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needed across Serie A -- the lorries. For the half million live

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in desperate conditions currently getting no aid at all.

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News that is just in, Leo Messi as one world Player of the Year. -- has

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won. He finished ahead of Ronaldo and the Brazilian star Neymar, who

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also plays for Barcelona. The interior minister

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of the North Rhine-Westphalia state in Germany, Ralf Jaeger,

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said that recent arrivals in Germany were among the suspects

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in the New Year's Eve attacks by the cathedral and railway

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station in central Cologne. Police in Cologne say they believe

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further attacks which happened on Sunday, this time on six

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Pakistani men and a Syrian, may have been co-ordinated

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in advance on social media. I am joined by the chairwoman of an

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organisation countering far right extremism, I asked her what some of

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the repercussions of the attacks have nine for refugees.

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We had to deal with a problem that we have with those immigrants and

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the projection of the Society of the Germans, German society, or to

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refugees and immigrants in general. So we have to deal with the problem

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but we are not allowed to generalise what happened to every refugee that

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is in Germany. What are your thoughts on how you

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deal with this situation? I think that Germany has to learn

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how to handle conflict. This is a society where everybody likes to

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avoid conflict. Since the refugees came in and we have of the conflict

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on the table. We have to deal with it. Germans are not really good at

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dealing with conflict. We have to learn not to generalise, but to

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notice that we have... And it is possible to have problems with

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immigrants, not everybody is a good person.

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Princess Cristina - the sister of the King of Spain -

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has appeared in court on charges of tax fraud.

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The case centres on the business activities of her husband -

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who's accused of embezzling public funds.

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She is the first member of the Spanish royal family ever

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Our Europe correspondent Chris Morris reports from Mallorca.

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Arriving for her day in court, Princess Cristina, six in line to

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the Spanish throne, now charged with being an accomplice to tax fraud.

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Alongside her, her husband, a former Olympic handball player. His

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business activities lie at the heart of the case. Inside the courtroom,

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Princess Cristina is one of 18 defendants. Prosecutors say millions

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of euros in public funds were diverted from a charitable

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organisation into a firm owned jointly by the royal couple, they

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both firmly denied wrongdoing, but could end up in jail. The symbolism

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of putting a royal in the dock is hard to overstate. This trial may be

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a sign that the years of impunity for the powerful are coming to an

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end. And it is not just about what is happening here. Across Spain

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hundreds of politicians at various levels of government are under

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investigation for corruption. Many Spaniards feel that the system is

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rotten to the core. A small group of protesters outside court, but things

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will begin to change. Just this needs to be the same for

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everybody. Rinses or no princess. The money they stole, they have to

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give it back, because it is ours. It is all a long way from this, the

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royal wedding in 1997, at the height of Princess Cristina's popularity.

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Last year her brother, King Felipe, stripped her of her Duchess title

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when it was confirmed she would stand trial. For the next few

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months, the eyes of Spain will focus on what happens in this courtroom.

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Stay with BBC World News -- in a few moments we'll

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have a special BBC Programme looking at the life of David Bowie.

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For now we end this bulletin with some of his incredible work.

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HEROES MUSIC: HEROES. By David Bowie.

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Hello, the next few days will feel colder than of late. There will be a

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