28/01/2016 World News Today


28/01/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:09.

French police say a man carrying two guns,

:00:10.:00:11.

ammunition and a Koran has been arrested

:00:12.:00:13.

There are conflicting reports as to whether his companion -

:00:14.:00:17.

A search went under way at one of Europe's top tourist attractions.

:00:18.:00:31.

Up to four million cases of the Zika virus are predicted

:00:32.:00:33.

The World Health Organisation issues a warning

:00:34.:00:36.

Up to today, cases have been reported in 23 countries and

:00:37.:00:48.

territories in the region. The level of alarm is extremely high.

:00:49.:00:50.

Pomp and ceremony at the Elysee Palace -

:00:51.:00:52.

and massive profits to be made - as the leaders of France and Iran

:00:53.:00:55.

sign deals worth billions of dollars.

:00:56.:00:58.

And the return of the polecat. Extinct in Britain for 100 years

:00:59.:01:01.

and now numbers have recovered across the country.

:01:02.:01:22.

French police have confirmed that a man has been arrested by security

:01:23.:01:25.

teams at the entrance to a hotel in the Disneyland Paris theme park.

:01:26.:01:29.

security alarm as he passed through a metal detector.

:01:30.:01:33.

Police have confirmed that he was carrying two guns, a box of

:01:34.:01:38.

As anything more emerged about this man? We know that he is 28 years

:01:39.:02:00.

older, apparently not known to the police or intelligence services, no

:02:01.:02:05.

police or criminal record. Investigators say that he has told

:02:06.:02:09.

them he was carrying the guns to protect himself, for his own safety.

:02:10.:02:15.

They are apparently still hunting for a woman they believe was

:02:16.:02:19.

accompanying him. They have arrested a woman a couple of hours after the

:02:20.:02:24.

incident. She was released after they established that she was not,

:02:25.:02:28.

in fact, his companion. All the time being, this case remains with

:02:29.:02:35.

criminal rather than anti-terrorist prosecutors, which would indicate

:02:36.:02:39.

that the police are not quite sure what the man's motives may have

:02:40.:02:42.

been, although obviously the fear is that he make have been banning

:02:43.:02:48.

something similar to the November attacks in Paris in which 130 people

:02:49.:02:51.

were killed and hundreds more injured. Around Paris and across

:02:52.:03:01.

France, if there's any suspicion of an incident that could be

:03:02.:03:04.

terror-related, did police have to act fast, don't they? That's right.

:03:05.:03:11.

Today, the Interior Minister said that the threat level now is at

:03:12.:03:16.

least as high, if not higher, than it was in November. He said that

:03:17.:03:21.

lots are being uncovered and arrests made all the time. Ash Mac plots.

:03:22.:03:27.

This is something the security services and the public are very

:03:28.:03:34.

worried about. The president wants to extend the state of emergency for

:03:35.:03:38.

another three months, despite opposition from human rights groups.

:03:39.:03:44.

That move remains fairly popular with the public, according to

:03:45.:03:45.

opinion polls. The Zika virus - thought to be

:03:46.:03:50.

responsible for birth defects in babies - could infect

:03:51.:03:53.

up to four million people That's the warning from the World

:03:54.:03:55.

Health Organisation which will hold an emergency meeting on Monday to

:03:56.:04:00.

discuss whether the mosquito-borne virus should be formally treated as

:04:01.:04:03.

a global emergency, like Ebola. So far it's spread to 23 countries

:04:04.:04:10.

in the Americas and officials are warning that, in Brazil alone, 1.5

:04:11.:04:13.

million people could be infected. Our Science Editor David Shukman is

:04:14.:04:16.

in the city of Recife in north-east Brazil,

:04:17.:04:19.

where it's thought more than 100,000 people may have

:04:20.:04:23.

caught the virus. The slums of Brazil are the front

:04:24.:04:30.

line in what has become We watch as soldiers try to search

:04:31.:04:33.

every single home here. Because one of the very few ways

:04:34.:04:40.

to combat the Zika virus is to hunt While we are with the patrol,

:04:41.:04:43.

soldiers find exactly the conditions The challenge is that

:04:44.:04:53.

everywhere you look, And because in a favela

:04:54.:04:59.

like this, the supply is not But if there is just

:05:00.:05:04.

one gap in a tank like this, the mosquito can get in and you have

:05:05.:05:10.

got yet another problem. Imagine multiplying that

:05:11.:05:13.

thousands of times. In a tiny yard, a discovery,

:05:14.:05:22.

a larva which, left alone, would emerge as a mosquito

:05:23.:05:25.

within 48 hours. Health officials

:05:26.:05:27.

sterilise the water. A tiny victory in a war

:05:28.:05:28.

which is proving hard to win. Her brain is smaller than it should

:05:29.:05:32.

be. There is no definite

:05:33.:05:38.

proof that the Zika virus caused her microcephaly

:05:39.:05:40.

but the evidence is growing. Her mother says she was caught

:05:41.:05:45.

by surprise, but she will do In this one city, Recife,

:05:46.:05:48.

her baby's life better. officials say up

:05:49.:05:57.

to 100,000 people may be infected. On a map, pins mark the cases

:05:58.:06:00.

of microcephaly, There is a major public

:06:01.:06:02.

health challenge, probably amongst the most difficult

:06:03.:06:12.

challenges we have to face And it is already becoming

:06:13.:06:14.

a globalised issue. In a government lab,

:06:15.:06:18.

analysis of a sample But despite all the gleaming

:06:19.:06:20.

technology here, there are key questions about the virus that

:06:21.:06:27.

scientists simply can't answer. If a woman has Zika,

:06:28.:06:30.

is the risk of having That is very important for women's

:06:31.:06:36.

choice, for the importance We don't know if there is a viral

:06:37.:06:47.

treatment which will prevent This is the first major city

:06:48.:06:51.

to be hit by the virus. Because it was taken

:06:52.:06:56.

completely by surprise, That means it is almost

:06:57.:06:58.

inevitable that more babies There is a lesson in this,

:06:59.:07:03.

for the other cities around the tropics which are

:07:04.:07:11.

vulnerable Day after day and street

:07:12.:07:13.

by street, it will take real And for many babies

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and others yet to be born, The coastguard in Greece says at

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least 24 migrants drowned when the boat they were travelling in from

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Turkey sank in the Aegean Sea, A number of the victims were

:07:36.:07:38.

children. It is the second boat to sink in as

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many days. One European leader today said the

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Aegean Sea has become a mass grave. From Greece, James Reynolds

:07:45.:07:47.

reports. The last journey of those who died

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at sea ended this morning, Rescuers carefully brought

:07:54.:07:56.

the bodies to shore. We don't know the names

:07:57.:08:04.

of the children who died. We don't know who they

:08:05.:08:08.

were travelling with, nor what made them or their families

:08:09.:08:12.

get on boats that couldn't make it

:08:13.:08:15.

through the sea. Out in the Aegean, rescue boats

:08:16.:08:18.

continued to search for bodies. The shipwrecked migrants

:08:19.:08:26.

from Iraqi Kurdistan may have spent more than 24 hours in the water

:08:27.:08:29.

before they were found. This afternoon, outside

:08:30.:08:32.

a police station, a small group of survivors

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tried to keep warm. This man lost his wife

:08:36.:08:40.

and two of his children. For a day at sea, he

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held onto his youngest child's body, hoping in vain

:08:47.:08:49.

that the infant could be revived. This doctor is treating some

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of the other survivors It is very difficult

:08:54.:09:06.

to manage the death It is very difficult

:09:07.:09:12.

to deal with relatives, mothers and fathers

:09:13.:09:19.

crying, because they have We found the migrants'

:09:20.:09:23.

damaged boat on the beach. Well in Sweden, the country has

:09:24.:09:31.

signalled a new tough line on immigration, saying that it could

:09:32.:09:42.

ultimately deport up to 80,000 of the people who sought

:09:43.:09:45.

asylum there in the last year. The policy was outlined by the

:09:46.:09:53.

Interior Minister, Anders Ygeman, who said the

:09:54.:09:55.

authorities are already being asked to prepare for expulsions, which

:09:56.:09:57.

will have to be done using specially-chartered aircraft

:09:58.:09:59.

and staggered over several years. Meanwhile, in the UK, the British

:10:00.:10:03.

government has responded to growing calls to do more to help

:10:04.:10:07.

unaccompanied children from Syria There are promises of extra money

:10:08.:10:09.

and resources - but only in "exceptional circumstances" will

:10:10.:10:16.

children from the camps Some fleeing war and persecution

:10:17.:10:18.

with their families, but many millions end up on their

:10:19.:10:32.

own. At the Calais camp

:10:33.:10:39.

known as The Jungle, desperate young people

:10:40.:10:41.

are knocking on Britain's door, This 15-year-old from Syria says

:10:42.:10:43.

he has a brother-in-law in the UK and just wants

:10:44.:10:47.

to be a schoolboy again. The government is under intense

:10:48.:10:50.

pressure to do more to help the vast numbers of unaccompanied

:10:51.:10:53.

children who have fled Some charities say

:10:54.:10:55.

the UK should accept But instead, ministers

:10:56.:11:00.

have come up with a plan which they say will discourage

:11:01.:11:06.

vulnerable children from arriving

:11:07.:11:08.

on Britain's doorstep. The plan focuses

:11:09.:11:13.

first on the conflict Working with the United Nations,

:11:14.:11:15.

Britain will help assess the scale of the child

:11:16.:11:20.

welfare problem, but only will they bring any

:11:21.:11:22.

children to the UK. Ministers say it is much better that

:11:23.:11:28.

a vulnerable child I've said that we are prepared to

:11:29.:11:31.

take more orphans from the region but I think it is right,

:11:32.:11:38.

our approach, to take refugees from the region, not

:11:39.:11:41.

encouraging people to make the difficult, potentially

:11:42.:11:43.

lethal journey to Europe. Our approach is,

:11:44.:11:46.

I think, compassionate and generous and I

:11:47.:11:50.

think it is right. The refugee crisis continues

:11:51.:11:52.

to claim lives on the EU's border. Today the UK pledged an extra

:11:53.:11:56.

?10 million to support vulnerable children who make it to Europe,

:11:57.:11:59.

and extra resources for But beyond Britain's

:12:00.:12:02.

legal obligations, there

:12:03.:12:08.

is no commitment to take any child. I think we need to see a more

:12:09.:12:11.

engaged Prime Minister here, really looking at the issues and not

:12:12.:12:16.

just saying we will only help There is a crisis in Europe

:12:17.:12:19.

and are children Thousands of unaccompanied

:12:20.:12:22.

children Last week, a court ruled that under

:12:23.:12:25.

Britain's asylum obligations, three unaccompanied

:12:26.:12:31.

children and a young adult in the Calais camp should be

:12:32.:12:33.

allowed to join relatives in the UK. A full ruling will be issued

:12:34.:12:38.

tomorrow and charity workers are trying to find any child who

:12:39.:12:43.

might be affected. There is absolutely no sign

:12:44.:12:49.

here that the desperate conditions that children and young people

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are living in are preventing further children making the very

:13:00.:13:01.

dangerous journey. The number of refugee children

:13:02.:13:03.

who might come to the UK under today's scheme

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is likely to be small. A few with relatives

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here will be allowed in. Ministers argue that to avoid

:13:08.:13:09.

exacerbating the migrant crisis and to protect overstretched

:13:10.:13:12.

services, children without family and community ties

:13:13.:13:14.

must be turned away. Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has

:13:15.:13:26.

met his French counterpart, Francois Hollande, in Paris as he

:13:27.:13:28.

tries to relaunch trade relations with Europe after the lifting of

:13:29.:13:31.

international sanctions. Iran has already signed a deal with

:13:32.:13:33.

the French company Peugeot. An order for 118 planes from Airbus

:13:34.:13:48.

is also due to be signed. French energy giant Total plans to

:13:49.:13:51.

sign a deal to buy Iranian oil. A short while ago, the two leaders

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spoke at a joint press conference of their hopes for their future

:13:56.:13:58.

relationship The many documents and memorandums

:13:59.:14:09.

were signed in the presence of the actually indicates that that also

:14:10.:14:26.

includes the private sector, that there is a serious willingness for

:14:27.:14:36.

and this cooperation is in the interest of both governments.

:14:37.:14:51.

TRANSLATION: It is a new chapter of our relations.

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And I would like this relationship to be useful.

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Useful for both our countries, useful for the region, which, sadly,

:15:01.:15:03.

has been marked by wars, crises and other tragedies, but I want it to

:15:04.:15:06.

The rainy and delegation was said to have left feeling satisfied with the

:15:07.:15:18.

deals. -- the Iranian delegation. They got what they were looking for,

:15:19.:15:23.

a multibillion-dollar contract, the contract secured by the aeroplane

:15:24.:15:29.

making company, Airbus, to sell a run 100 and two passenger planes.

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The contract is said to be worth $25 billion, that is much

:15:37.:15:40.

were expecting early in the day. And then we heard about other deals in

:15:41.:15:50.

the oil market. Total is going to buy 200 barrels of oil a day from

:15:51.:15:54.

the run, and there will be a joint-venture producing cars inside

:15:55.:16:04.

the run, and there will be a Iran with Peugeot. And there are

:16:05.:16:09.

other deals in agriculture and food and many other areas. They seem to

:16:10.:16:12.

be quite happy with what they have got. When you talk about buying and

:16:13.:16:18.

building new aeroplanes, that is the kind of thing the orderly Iranians

:16:19.:16:23.

might not get to see, but there will be deals here that could make a

:16:24.:16:27.

difference to everyday life. -- ordinarily Iranians. For the

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Iranians, let's not forget the average age of the Iranian air

:16:34.:16:38.

planes is something like 27 years, and that is not a good record. This

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is the first thing that is going to affect Iranians. At the same time,

:16:43.:16:48.

in the meeting between the presidents, we heard them talking

:16:49.:16:52.

about new arrangements for European banks to enter a run again, and so

:16:53.:16:59.

that trade can become facilitated. -- to enter Iran.

:17:00.:17:07.

The former president of the Ivory Coast Laurent Gbagbo has denied

:17:08.:17:13.

trial at the International Criminal Court.

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It's a landmark trial - the first time a former head of state

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Mr Gbagbo is accused of orchestrating a campaign of violence

:17:22.:17:26.

His trial comes nearly five years after Mr Gbagbo's arrest.

:17:27.:17:30.

The BBC's Anna Holligan is in The Hague.

:17:31.:17:47.

These are the pro Gbagbo protesters which have gathered outside.

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You can see that they are being controlled by the police.

:17:50.:17:52.

There have been sporadic scuffles between the police and the

:17:53.:17:55.

One protester was taken away in a headlock.

:17:56.:17:58.

This is as close as they can get to the court. The hearing is underway

:17:59.:18:04.

inside. One of their main concerns is that this is a case, they say of

:18:05.:18:16.

victors' justice. When Laurent Gbagbo refused to concede defeat,

:18:17.:18:21.

3000 people were killed, there were murders, rapes and persecution on

:18:22.:18:27.

both sides, and yet none of the supporters of the president have

:18:28.:18:34.

been brought to justice by the ICC. This is a crucial case for this

:18:35.:18:39.

court. It was created to bring the most powerful leaders to justice and

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having a former head of state in the dock is evidence of the court was

:18:44.:18:48.

Laurent Gbagbo. And they will be relying predominantly on evidence

:18:49.:18:52.

that comes from a country and a government which has a vested

:18:53.:18:55.

interest in securing a guilty verdict. So, much is at stake for

:18:56.:19:03.

the ICC and the historic trial of Laurent Gbagbo and his co-accused,

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and the police will, if you can watch outside -- the police will be

:19:12.:19:16.

keeping watch outside the court for the rest of the day.

:19:17.:19:18.

A new American study suggests that bed bugs have developed resistance

:19:19.:19:21.

to the world's most widely used insecticide.

:19:22.:19:23.

The tiny blood-sucking insects have thrived on the spread of global

:19:24.:19:26.

travel, and evolved resistance to one chemical after another.

:19:27.:19:29.

The researchers are urging alternative methods of control.

:19:30.:19:32.

I've been talking to the BBC's Environment Correspondent Matt

:19:33.:19:34.

They love us very much. They feed on us. They survive one blood, human

:19:35.:19:50.

blood. They can survive for one year without a meal. They are extremely

:19:51.:19:54.

tough. They are evolutionary miracles in some respects and they

:19:55.:19:58.

can resist all of these treatments. Even the most widely used

:19:59.:20:04.

insecticide, they are now showing signs of resistance to these. This

:20:05.:20:09.

study has shown that you would have to up the dough is why a massive

:20:10.:20:17.

amount? They tested these bedbugs and they had not seen the

:20:18.:20:21.

insecticides for 30 years. About one third of a new -- one third of a

:20:22.:20:26.

nanogram would kill them before, but they have developed resistance to

:20:27.:20:30.

that. This sample was taken four years ago. In those four years they

:20:31.:20:35.

might have developed better resistance. We don't have the

:20:36.:20:39.

evidence yet, we have just two particular studies. And you get your

:20:40.:20:44.

point with the chemical dosage where that is a problem for humans as

:20:45.:20:47.

well. You cannot just blast them with huge amounts of chemicals. It

:20:48.:20:52.

is counter-productive. The more chemicals were used on them, the

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more that they get their evolutionary gear into play, and

:20:57.:21:01.

that is what they have done. The scientists are urging the pest

:21:02.:21:06.

control industry and individuals to use nonchemical methods if at all

:21:07.:21:11.

possible, to use heat, to use traps and they want better protection,

:21:12.:21:15.

they want people to be aware of the signs of bedbugs, apart from waking

:21:16.:21:20.

up covered in bytes, there are other sites as well. A number of studies

:21:21.:21:27.

have looked at ways of catching them and confining them. Something quite

:21:28.:21:34.

sticky and then something that will catch them as they come out to feed.

:21:35.:21:40.

Just one bed bug can infest the whole place. The fumigation has not

:21:41.:21:47.

really work. If you leave one or two of them alive, they managed to

:21:48.:21:53.

spread and grow again, and then they come out, and they feast.

:21:54.:21:56.

Here's another story of some remarkable survivors.

:21:57.:21:58.

The polecat, a native British animal,

:21:59.:22:00.

In 1915, the only polecats left were to be found in Wales and Scotland

:22:01.:22:07.

and it was feared they were heading for extinction.

:22:08.:22:09.

But now a major nationwide survey has found that

:22:10.:22:12.

Our science correspondent Rebecca Morelle has more.

:22:13.:22:19.

With its distinctive markings, the polecat is a secretive creature

:22:20.:22:24.

and it is a vital part of Britain's wildlife heritage.

:22:25.:22:29.

But these animals were once pushed to the brink of extinction by us.

:22:30.:22:33.

These little fellows scrambling out of their hideout to say how

:22:34.:22:36.

But in the wild, thanks to their appetite for chickens

:22:37.:22:43.

and game birds, they were considered a major pest and killed

:22:44.:22:45.

Polecats became really, really rare at the start of the 20th century,

:22:46.:22:53.

and were basically confined to a stronghold in mid-Wales.

:22:54.:22:56.

But a new survey shows they are returning to the countryside

:22:57.:22:58.

and Suffolk is just one area where they are making a comeback

:22:59.:23:01.

Scientists say legal protection has helped them flourish.

:23:02.:23:10.

This is something we really need to celebrate, the recovery

:23:11.:23:13.

of a native carnivore we once almost lost completely from Britain.

:23:14.:23:16.

We want to see them back here, as widespread as they can be.

:23:17.:23:21.

Here at the British Wildlife Centre, we are incredibly lucky

:23:22.:23:29.

to get a close-up look at what are normally very shy animals.

:23:30.:23:32.

Conservationists are thrilled at their success story,

:23:33.:23:34.

but now they fear that new threats could be looming on the horizon.

:23:35.:23:37.

In the wild, growing numbers are dying after eating poisoned

:23:38.:23:39.

rats, and more are being killed on the roads.

:23:40.:23:42.

Some are also crossbreeding with their domestic

:23:43.:23:44.

But many are optimistic that the animals

:23:45.:23:48.

I love the idea that polecats could be living out there.

:23:49.:23:54.

I don't necessarily need to see them, I just need

:23:55.:23:57.

Sometimes when you just see their poo or a footprint or some

:23:58.:24:01.

prey remains, it means they are there.

:24:02.:24:03.

That's good, and the fact that they are back in England

:24:04.:24:05.

in my lifetime has to be counted as a success.

:24:06.:24:08.

This comeback is a rare natural recovery.

:24:09.:24:11.

Now conservationists say they want to ensure that

:24:12.:24:13.

The British actor Joseph Fiennes has admitted he was shocked to be cast

:24:14.:24:34.

as Michael Jackson in a drama. He will play the character for a comedy

:24:35.:24:39.

about a road trip set to have been taken by Jackson with his friends

:24:40.:24:44.

Marlon Brando and Elizabeth Taylor following the 911 attacks. He

:24:45.:24:47.

admitted that as a white, middle-class London, he is not the

:24:48.:24:51.

obvious choice, but he said that Michael Jackson had a pigmentation

:24:52.:24:56.

issue with his skin, so that should not be a factor.

:24:57.:24:59.

The toy firm, Mattel, has launched its Barbie doll in three new

:25:00.:25:01.

body-shapes in response to falling sales and longstanding criticism.

:25:02.:25:04.

It says the new versions - which it calls tall, petite and curvy - shows

:25:05.:25:08.

that there was not a narrow standard of what a beautiful body looks like.

:25:09.:25:13.

Barbie dolls, with their tiny waists and large busts, have long been

:25:14.:25:16.

accused of sending the wrong message to young girls

:25:17.:25:18.

or creating unrealistic expectations.

:25:19.:25:24.

The dolls, as you can see here, are available in seven skin tones and

:25:25.:25:32.

multiple hairstyles. There was no word on any more realistic updates

:25:33.:25:39.

to Barbie's male companion, Ken. Just time to remind you of the main

:25:40.:25:43.

news. French police have confirmed that a man has been arrested by

:25:44.:25:48.

security teams at the entrance to a hotel in the Disneyland Paris theme

:25:49.:25:54.

park. It is reported that his bag set off a security alarm as it

:25:55.:25:58.

passed through a medical detector, and police confirmed that he was

:25:59.:26:01.

carrying two guns and a Koran. Lots of whether to talk about the

:26:02.:26:13.

next few days. We have some severe weather for Thursday night into

:26:14.:26:15.

Friday morning. The Met Office

:26:16.:26:16.

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