28/01/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


French police say a man carrying two guns,


ammunition and a Koran has been arrested


There are conflicting reports as to whether his companion -


A search went under way at one of Europe's top tourist attractions.


Up to four million cases of the Zika virus are predicted


The World Health Organisation issues a warning


Up to today, cases have been reported in 23 countries and


territories in the region. The level of alarm is extremely high.


Pomp and ceremony at the Elysee Palace -


and massive profits to be made - as the leaders of France and Iran


sign deals worth billions of dollars.


And the return of the polecat. Extinct in Britain for 100 years


and now numbers have recovered across the country.


French police have confirmed that a man has been arrested by security


teams at the entrance to a hotel in the Disneyland Paris theme park.


security alarm as he passed through a metal detector.


Police have confirmed that he was carrying two guns, a box of


As anything more emerged about this man? We know that he is 28 years


older, apparently not known to the police or intelligence services, no


police or criminal record. Investigators say that he has told


them he was carrying the guns to protect himself, for his own safety.


They are apparently still hunting for a woman they believe was


accompanying him. They have arrested a woman a couple of hours after the


incident. She was released after they established that she was not,


in fact, his companion. All the time being, this case remains with


criminal rather than anti-terrorist prosecutors, which would indicate


that the police are not quite sure what the man's motives may have


been, although obviously the fear is that he make have been banning


something similar to the November attacks in Paris in which 130 people


were killed and hundreds more injured. Around Paris and across


France, if there's any suspicion of an incident that could be


terror-related, did police have to act fast, don't they? That's right.


Today, the Interior Minister said that the threat level now is at


least as high, if not higher, than it was in November. He said that


lots are being uncovered and arrests made all the time. Ash Mac plots.


This is something the security services and the public are very


worried about. The president wants to extend the state of emergency for


another three months, despite opposition from human rights groups.


That move remains fairly popular with the public, according to


opinion polls. The Zika virus - thought to be


responsible for birth defects in babies - could infect


up to four million people That's the warning from the World


Health Organisation which will hold an emergency meeting on Monday to


discuss whether the mosquito-borne virus should be formally treated as


a global emergency, like Ebola. So far it's spread to 23 countries


in the Americas and officials are warning that, in Brazil alone, 1.5


million people could be infected. Our Science Editor David Shukman is


in the city of Recife in north-east Brazil,


where it's thought more than 100,000 people may have


caught the virus. The slums of Brazil are the front


line in what has become We watch as soldiers try to search


every single home here. Because one of the very few ways


to combat the Zika virus is to hunt While we are with the patrol,


soldiers find exactly the conditions The challenge is that


everywhere you look, And because in a favela


like this, the supply is not But if there is just


one gap in a tank like this, the mosquito can get in and you have


got yet another problem. Imagine multiplying that


thousands of times. In a tiny yard, a discovery,


a larva which, left alone, would emerge as a mosquito


within 48 hours. Health officials


sterilise the water. A tiny victory in a war


which is proving hard to win. Her brain is smaller than it should


be. There is no definite


proof that the Zika virus caused her microcephaly


but the evidence is growing. Her mother says she was caught


by surprise, but she will do In this one city, Recife,


her baby's life better. officials say up


to 100,000 people may be infected. On a map, pins mark the cases


of microcephaly, There is a major public


health challenge, probably amongst the most difficult


challenges we have to face And it is already becoming


a globalised issue. In a government lab,


analysis of a sample But despite all the gleaming


technology here, there are key questions about the virus that


scientists simply can't answer. If a woman has Zika,


is the risk of having That is very important for women's


choice, for the importance We don't know if there is a viral


treatment which will prevent This is the first major city


to be hit by the virus. Because it was taken


completely by surprise, That means it is almost


inevitable that more babies There is a lesson in this,


for the other cities around the tropics which are


vulnerable Day after day and street


by street, it will take real And for many babies


and others yet to be born, The coastguard in Greece says at


least 24 migrants drowned when the boat they were travelling in from


Turkey sank in the Aegean Sea, A number of the victims were


children. It is the second boat to sink in as


many days. One European leader today said the


Aegean Sea has become a mass grave. From Greece, James Reynolds


reports. The last journey of those who died


at sea ended this morning, Rescuers carefully brought


the bodies to shore. We don't know the names


of the children who died. We don't know who they


were travelling with, nor what made them or their families


get on boats that couldn't make it


through the sea. Out in the Aegean, rescue boats


continued to search for bodies. The shipwrecked migrants


from Iraqi Kurdistan may have spent more than 24 hours in the water


before they were found. This afternoon, outside


a police station, a small group of survivors


tried to keep warm. This man lost his wife


and two of his children. For a day at sea, he


held onto his youngest child's body, hoping in vain


that the infant could be revived. This doctor is treating some


of the other survivors It is very difficult


to manage the death It is very difficult


to deal with relatives, mothers and fathers


crying, because they have We found the migrants'


damaged boat on the beach. Well in Sweden, the country has


signalled a new tough line on immigration, saying that it could


ultimately deport up to 80,000 of the people who sought


asylum there in the last year. The policy was outlined by the


Interior Minister, Anders Ygeman, who said the


authorities are already being asked to prepare for expulsions, which


will have to be done using specially-chartered aircraft


and staggered over several years. Meanwhile, in the UK, the British


government has responded to growing calls to do more to help


unaccompanied children from Syria There are promises of extra money


and resources - but only in "exceptional circumstances" will


children from the camps Some fleeing war and persecution


with their families, but many millions end up on their


own. At the Calais camp


known as The Jungle, desperate young people


are knocking on Britain's door, This 15-year-old from Syria says


he has a brother-in-law in the UK and just wants


to be a schoolboy again. The government is under intense


pressure to do more to help the vast numbers of unaccompanied


children who have fled Some charities say


the UK should accept But instead, ministers


have come up with a plan which they say will discourage


vulnerable children from arriving


on Britain's doorstep. The plan focuses


first on the conflict Working with the United Nations,


Britain will help assess the scale of the child


welfare problem, but only will they bring any


children to the UK. Ministers say it is much better that


a vulnerable child I've said that we are prepared to


take more orphans from the region but I think it is right,


our approach, to take refugees from the region, not


encouraging people to make the difficult, potentially


lethal journey to Europe. Our approach is,


I think, compassionate and generous and I


think it is right. The refugee crisis continues


to claim lives on the EU's border. Today the UK pledged an extra


?10 million to support vulnerable children who make it to Europe,


and extra resources for But beyond Britain's


legal obligations, there


is no commitment to take any child. I think we need to see a more


engaged Prime Minister here, really looking at the issues and not


just saying we will only help There is a crisis in Europe


and are children Thousands of unaccompanied


children Last week, a court ruled that under


Britain's asylum obligations, three unaccompanied


children and a young adult in the Calais camp should be


allowed to join relatives in the UK. A full ruling will be issued


tomorrow and charity workers are trying to find any child who


might be affected. There is absolutely no sign


here that the desperate conditions that children and young people


are living in are preventing further children making the very


dangerous journey. The number of refugee children


who might come to the UK under today's scheme


is likely to be small. A few with relatives


here will be allowed in. Ministers argue that to avoid


exacerbating the migrant crisis and to protect overstretched


services, children without family and community ties


must be turned away. Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has


met his French counterpart, Francois Hollande, in Paris as he


tries to relaunch trade relations with Europe after the lifting of


international sanctions. Iran has already signed a deal with


the French company Peugeot. An order for 118 planes from Airbus


is also due to be signed. French energy giant Total plans to


sign a deal to buy Iranian oil. A short while ago, the two leaders


spoke at a joint press conference of their hopes for their future


relationship The many documents and memorandums


were signed in the presence of the actually indicates that that also


includes the private sector, that there is a serious willingness for


and this cooperation is in the interest of both governments.


TRANSLATION: It is a new chapter of our relations.


And I would like this relationship to be useful.


Useful for both our countries, useful for the region, which, sadly,


has been marked by wars, crises and other tragedies, but I want it to


The rainy and delegation was said to have left feeling satisfied with the


deals. -- the Iranian delegation. They got what they were looking for,


a multibillion-dollar contract, the contract secured by the aeroplane


making company, Airbus, to sell a run 100 and two passenger planes.


The contract is said to be worth $25 billion, that is much


were expecting early in the day. And then we heard about other deals in


the oil market. Total is going to buy 200 barrels of oil a day from


the run, and there will be a joint-venture producing cars inside


the run, and there will be a Iran with Peugeot. And there are


other deals in agriculture and food and many other areas. They seem to


be quite happy with what they have got. When you talk about buying and


building new aeroplanes, that is the kind of thing the orderly Iranians


might not get to see, but there will be deals here that could make a


difference to everyday life. -- ordinarily Iranians. For the


Iranians, let's not forget the average age of the Iranian air


planes is something like 27 years, and that is not a good record. This


is the first thing that is going to affect Iranians. At the same time,


in the meeting between the presidents, we heard them talking


about new arrangements for European banks to enter a run again, and so


that trade can become facilitated. -- to enter Iran.


The former president of the Ivory Coast Laurent Gbagbo has denied


trial at the International Criminal Court.


It's a landmark trial - the first time a former head of state


Mr Gbagbo is accused of orchestrating a campaign of violence


His trial comes nearly five years after Mr Gbagbo's arrest.


The BBC's Anna Holligan is in The Hague.


These are the pro Gbagbo protesters which have gathered outside.


You can see that they are being controlled by the police.


There have been sporadic scuffles between the police and the


One protester was taken away in a headlock.


This is as close as they can get to the court. The hearing is underway


inside. One of their main concerns is that this is a case, they say of


victors' justice. When Laurent Gbagbo refused to concede defeat,


3000 people were killed, there were murders, rapes and persecution on


both sides, and yet none of the supporters of the president have


been brought to justice by the ICC. This is a crucial case for this


court. It was created to bring the most powerful leaders to justice and


having a former head of state in the dock is evidence of the court was


Laurent Gbagbo. And they will be relying predominantly on evidence


that comes from a country and a government which has a vested


interest in securing a guilty verdict. So, much is at stake for


the ICC and the historic trial of Laurent Gbagbo and his co-accused,


and the police will, if you can watch outside -- the police will be


keeping watch outside the court for the rest of the day.


A new American study suggests that bed bugs have developed resistance


to the world's most widely used insecticide.


The tiny blood-sucking insects have thrived on the spread of global


travel, and evolved resistance to one chemical after another.


The researchers are urging alternative methods of control.


I've been talking to the BBC's Environment Correspondent Matt


They love us very much. They feed on us. They survive one blood, human


blood. They can survive for one year without a meal. They are extremely


tough. They are evolutionary miracles in some respects and they


can resist all of these treatments. Even the most widely used


insecticide, they are now showing signs of resistance to these. This


study has shown that you would have to up the dough is why a massive


amount? They tested these bedbugs and they had not seen the


insecticides for 30 years. About one third of a new -- one third of a


nanogram would kill them before, but they have developed resistance to


that. This sample was taken four years ago. In those four years they


might have developed better resistance. We don't have the


evidence yet, we have just two particular studies. And you get your


point with the chemical dosage where that is a problem for humans as


well. You cannot just blast them with huge amounts of chemicals. It


is counter-productive. The more chemicals were used on them, the


more that they get their evolutionary gear into play, and


that is what they have done. The scientists are urging the pest


control industry and individuals to use nonchemical methods if at all


possible, to use heat, to use traps and they want better protection,


they want people to be aware of the signs of bedbugs, apart from waking


up covered in bytes, there are other sites as well. A number of studies


have looked at ways of catching them and confining them. Something quite


sticky and then something that will catch them as they come out to feed.


Just one bed bug can infest the whole place. The fumigation has not


really work. If you leave one or two of them alive, they managed to


spread and grow again, and then they come out, and they feast.


Here's another story of some remarkable survivors.


The polecat, a native British animal,


In 1915, the only polecats left were to be found in Wales and Scotland


and it was feared they were heading for extinction.


But now a major nationwide survey has found that


Our science correspondent Rebecca Morelle has more.


With its distinctive markings, the polecat is a secretive creature


and it is a vital part of Britain's wildlife heritage.


But these animals were once pushed to the brink of extinction by us.


These little fellows scrambling out of their hideout to say how


But in the wild, thanks to their appetite for chickens


and game birds, they were considered a major pest and killed


Polecats became really, really rare at the start of the 20th century,


and were basically confined to a stronghold in mid-Wales.


But a new survey shows they are returning to the countryside


and Suffolk is just one area where they are making a comeback


Scientists say legal protection has helped them flourish.


This is something we really need to celebrate, the recovery


of a native carnivore we once almost lost completely from Britain.


We want to see them back here, as widespread as they can be.


Here at the British Wildlife Centre, we are incredibly lucky


to get a close-up look at what are normally very shy animals.


Conservationists are thrilled at their success story,


but now they fear that new threats could be looming on the horizon.


In the wild, growing numbers are dying after eating poisoned


rats, and more are being killed on the roads.


Some are also crossbreeding with their domestic


But many are optimistic that the animals


I love the idea that polecats could be living out there.


I don't necessarily need to see them, I just need


Sometimes when you just see their poo or a footprint or some


prey remains, it means they are there.


That's good, and the fact that they are back in England


in my lifetime has to be counted as a success.


This comeback is a rare natural recovery.


Now conservationists say they want to ensure that


The British actor Joseph Fiennes has admitted he was shocked to be cast


as Michael Jackson in a drama. He will play the character for a comedy


about a road trip set to have been taken by Jackson with his friends


Marlon Brando and Elizabeth Taylor following the 911 attacks. He


admitted that as a white, middle-class London, he is not the


obvious choice, but he said that Michael Jackson had a pigmentation


issue with his skin, so that should not be a factor.


The toy firm, Mattel, has launched its Barbie doll in three new


body-shapes in response to falling sales and longstanding criticism.


It says the new versions - which it calls tall, petite and curvy - shows


that there was not a narrow standard of what a beautiful body looks like.


Barbie dolls, with their tiny waists and large busts, have long been


accused of sending the wrong message to young girls


or creating unrealistic expectations.


The dolls, as you can see here, are available in seven skin tones and


multiple hairstyles. There was no word on any more realistic updates


to Barbie's male companion, Ken. Just time to remind you of the main


news. French police have confirmed that a man has been arrested by


security teams at the entrance to a hotel in the Disneyland Paris theme


park. It is reported that his bag set off a security alarm as it


passed through a medical detector, and police confirmed that he was


carrying two guns and a Koran. Lots of whether to talk about the


next few days. We have some severe weather for Thursday night into


Friday morning. The Met Office


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