27/01/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.


A crackdown on the buying and selling of people -


the BBC gets exclusive access to a Spanish police raid aimed


at breaking a European human trafficking ring.


The criminal gangs have trafficked thousands and forced hundreds


of women into prostitution through intimidation and violence.


TRANSLATION: I have scars all over my body.


and beat me until blood came from my ears.


One day, when she came for the money, I couldn't pay.


Greece is warned to carry out proper checks on migrants,


of "serious neglect" of its obligations.


The race to find a vaccine against the zika virus -


we're with the American scientists taking on the challenge.


And the art of gardening - we'll brush up on the Royal


Academy's new blockbuster exhibition with its curator.


We start with a special BBC report on what's believed to be one


of the biggest human trafficking rings in Europe.


Organised criminals, from Nigeria, have trafficked hundreds


The group is still being investigated -


and the BBC was asked to delay broadcasting this story to ensure


the safety of the women giving evidence in court.


The gangs are increasingly using British airports as a gateway


into Europe, according to the Spanish police,


who've given the BBC exclusive access to one of their raids.


the city of dreams, standing proud,


with its rich heritage and architectural jewels.


But after night fall, in the back streets,


This is where undercover police have been monitoring a trafficking ring


and its victims, watching every move.


We joined the assault teams as they prepared to strike


at locations in Barcelona and several cities nearby.


Around 250 officers taking part in the biggest operation yet


who call themselves The Heir Lords.


Around 8am, they close in on an apartment block.


hunting for one of the targets on their list.


Well, the police are inside now, questioning suspects.


While they were carrying out the raid here, more than 20 other


buildings were being hit simultaneously.


This has been a long time in the planning.


The investigation into this criminal network began a year-and-a-half ago.


Police detained the group's main leaders


and gathered evidence of their lucrative slave trade.


The gang charges its victims about ?28,000 to get to Spain,


then forces them into prostitution to pay off the debt.


Police say those arrested are part of a sophisticated criminal


enterprise that spans the globe, with representatives


in cities in the Middle East, Africa, the US and the EU.


The head of the Anti-Trafficking Unit told us a key figure


is based in London, bringing women into the UK


He says the gang is looking more and more to Britain


One of the main new ways to enter victims


is through the airports of Great Britain.


It's a different system to traffic people and it needs always forgeries


and is more expensive, but is more secure and we have


Here, in downtown Barcelona, the Nigerians are believed to have


made millions from women working the streets in the shadows.


Here, in downtown Barcelona, the Nigerians are believed to have


made millions from women working the streets in the shadows.


They are kept in line by threats to their families back home


and by physical abuse from Madames, who act as enforcers.


We met one young woman who was trafficked from Nigeria


She says she and her child were brutalised by her Madame.


TRANSLATION: I have scars all over my body.


and beat me until blood came from my ears.


One day, when she came for the money, I couldn't pay.


She hit me on the head with a bottle.


Police hope more women will be able to escape the streets here now


the Nigerian traffickers have been rounded up,


but they say their barbaric trade in human beings will continue


Orla Guerin, BBC News, Barcelona.


We're taking you live to the US state of Oregon now -


where a man has been killed during a shoot-out at a wildlife


reserve, which had been occupied by an armed militia group.


The authorities are giving some more details, let's listen in to the FBI.


As I conclude, I want to share my promise to the citizens of this


county, to the people who live here, who work here, or are raising their


families here. We will continue to look for safe, peaceful procedures


at how to bring this to a peaceful conclusion. We recognise that the


sooner we do so at this and that this community can begin to heal.


Thank you. Good morning, I am the US attorney


for the district of Oregon, I have been coming to this kindly for the


last 15 years on behalf of the US attorney's offers, for various


work-related responsibilities, and through that time I am keenly aware


of the concerns important to this community. I have seen first-hand


the Passion in this community. The passion that has followed suite of


life. Clearly this has been disrupted by the armed occupation.


The FBI, Hardin County Sheriff offers, the sheriffs Association and


numerous law enforcement agencies from around the state have been


working hard to resolve the situation in a peaceful manner. To


stop the threats to public safety and in the significant disruption


this has caused to the people of Hardin County. We continue working


towards resolution, and we will do so with the primary goal to restore


normalcy to the community and highlight the already existing


cooperative efforts of local and federal partners in this county to


address their own issues, both locally, federally and state. There


are currently eight people in custody, seven in Oregon, one in


Arizona, with the initial appearances here in Oregon. That


will be at some in the that the defendant in Arizona will come to


Oregon for future court proceedings. As was announced last night on


behalf of the FBI, these eight people were arrested for the


conspiracy to impede officers of the United States from discharging their


official duties through the use of force, intimidation or threats. This


is an ongoing investigation and they will not be commenting on the case.


Instead we will let the publicly filed documents in the case speak


for themselves. In closing, I want to thank the federal state, local


and tribal law enforcement officers and agents, who are working well


together to support this community in this effort. I want to thank the


people of the county, and the local tribe, for their patience and


passion for returning this community to normalcy. We will work around the


clock until this matter is appropriately resolved.


Let's cross to Jane O'Brien in the Washington studio.


I suppose you can tell the authorities do not want things to


fill up and to come down the situation with this militia? And


that is why it has taken three weeks and the occupiers are still at this


bird sanctuary. You have the FBI agent in charge of the operation


there saying that last night's arrests was the first step in what


was very measured deliberate response in an attempt to resolve


this peacefully. They have been working very hard to avoid just the


sort of which unfortunately happened last night, when it people were


arrested, and one occupier was killed. The FBI is not releasing


further details of the circumstances. There is a criminal


investigation ongoing. He said there will be some details when the


victim, when the protester, has been identified. But we do it now,


because he has been identified by his daughter, that the dead man is


"LaVoy" Finicum, one of the occupiers, and a very passionate man


by all accounts. There have been a number of conflicting accounts that


have been given by people who claim to be eyewitnesses. I will not


repeat any of them here because we cannot substantiate them. But


clearly, this is a very inflamed situation now. The FBI have quite a


job on their hands. Thank you for that update.


The European commission has accused Greece of "seriously neglecting"


its duties by failing to control its borders.


It says Athens has failed to properly register,


fingerprint and check the identities of migrants arriving in Greece.


Our Europe correspondent Damian Grammaticas is in Brussels.


The Greek government's response has been that it simply cannot turn back


boats that are at sea, that would be illegal


It can't try to push people back towards Turkey.


It has to receive them on its shores.


And we've heard the Greek government saying that what it needs is greater


help from its European partners, and greater assistance from Turkey,


if it is to both stop the boats coming and return quickly those


who are not deemed to be in need of international protection,


so people who are not refugees fleeing war zones.


But all of those things are proving problematic and so,


in a way, Grease I think feels that it's being caught very much


in the middle in this and has to accept people,


who then are moving on to the rest of Europe, which is causing problems


there for European countries seeking to try to limit those numbers.


In France, evidence of tension at the top of government about


anti-terrorism policies. French Justice Minister,


Christiane Taubira, has stepped down in protest at her own government's


plan to strip people convicted TRANSLATION: I am leaving


the government I am choosing to be faithful


to myself, my commitments, my battles, my


relationships with others. The terrorist threat


is serious and unpredictable, We have given ourselves


a means to do so. And we are determined


to put it down. But in doing so, we cannot


conceive them any victory, President Obama is calling


for urgent action to combat the Zika virus, which has been


linked to brain damage in babies. The World Health Organisation's


warning the virus is likely to spread to most countries


in the Americas, including Our correspondent James Cook sent


this report from the University of Texas, where medical researchers


are leading the search It is the latest virus to send


shivers around the world. There is no vaccine


for Zika, no treatment. And in the past few months,


it has been spreading fast to more than 20 countries in


the Caribbean and Latin America. Last year, when it reached Brazil,


it really exploded in the Americas infecting probably a couple


of million people at this point. And should people be frightened,


especially pregnant women? If I had a daughter of child-bearing


age, who was planning a spring break vacation to the Caribbean


in the next few months, I would strongly urge her


not to go there at this point. These young mothers in Brazil


did not have that choice. The Zika virus apparently attacks


the brains of unborn children, leading to severe


disability or death. And so, scientists from this


high-security lab in Texas have been gathering samples


in Brazil to find out more. Which animals does it infect?


How long does it stay in a human? Are particular mosquitoes


that we have positive And so, right now, we're really


at the beginning stages and this is the forefront of the work


that you're seeing us doing. The ultimate aim is


to produce a vaccine. Although that work has only just


begun, scientists here say they could have one ready


for testing next year. But winning approval from regulators


could take much longer. Developing an effective vaccine,


it would take a short period of time, but it would take a longer


time would be the process of passing it through the FDA and other


regulatory agencies And working with insects,


which can carry such a dangerous There are around 15,000 mosquitoes


in this room from a dozen different countries and they are kept under


very tight security conditions to make sure that none


of them can escape. The Aedes aegypti mosquito passes


the virus from person to person, but people carry it


from country to country, meaning Zika could spread


anywhere the insects are present, including right here


in the southern United States. James Cook, BBC News,


Galveston in Texas. The Republican presidential


front-runner Donald Trump has pulled out of Thursday's TV debate


with his party rivals, just days before voters


in the midwest state of Iowa get the first chance


to choose between them. The debate is being broadcast


by Fox News and moderated by Megyn Kelly, whose questioning


during a debate in August He said he was planning


to participate until Fox put out a sarcastic statement saying


"the Ayatollah and Putin both intend to treat Donald Trump unfairly


when they meet with him We will raise some money


for the wounded warriors. We will raise some


money for the vets. But when they sent out the wise guy


press releases a little while ago, I was all set to do the debate.


I came here to do the debate. Megyn Kelly is a lightweight.


This is a lightweight! This is not a reporter.


This to me is just a lightweight. Megyn Kelly shouldn't


be in the debate. Megyn Kelly didn't ask me


a question, she made a statement last time.


I thought it was inappropriate. Everybody said I won


the last debate. They said I won all of the debates.


We had six debates now. Why should the networks continue


getting rich in these debates? Following Trump's unexpected


boycott, his closest rival, Texas Senator Ted Cruz, challenged


him to a one-on-one debate. This race is a dead heat


between Donald and me - we are effectively tied


in the state of Iowa. If he is unwilling to stand


on the debate stage with the other candidates, I would like to invite


Donald right now to engage in a one-on-one debate with me


any time between now Our correspondent Barbara


Plett-Usher is in Washington, and gave us her analysis


of Donald Trump's latest move. In the past year or so,


he has taken rather sudden and unexpected decisions at crucial


times in the campaign and they have always worked to his advantage,


so perhaps that is what It has to be said also that,


despite his stated anger against Megyn Kelly,


the Fox News anchor, and against the network,


this kind of position is quite They like it when he stands up


to the political and media elite, even if that media elite


is Fox News, which many So it's an interesting


move at a crucial time. Does it look, Barbara,


as if Donald Trump has the clear lead still in Iowa


and New Hampshire after that? Well, he doesn't have


a clear lead in Iowa. He leads the Republican


nominees nationally, but in Iowa, he is neck


and neck with Ted Cruz, who you heard in that


clip just a minute ago. In terms of his position


following this move, it's unlikely it will impact


negatively on his supporters. He has a very strong core


network of supporters who, as I said, like these positions,


so he's still going into Iowa very strong and perhaps


New Hampshire as well. I think the question will become


more, if he does get to a general election, when he has to face


a general electorate rather than a Republican one,


whether these kinds of positions and, remember, this whole fight


with Fox is about how he treated the anchor, Megyn Kelly,


so it can move on from there, with how he treats women, how that


would play to a general electorate. British Prime Minister David Cameron


has today defended a tax deal struck Last week, Google announced


that it is to pay ?130 million, or $185 million,


in back taxes to Britain following a government inquiry


into its tax arrangements. Critics have claimed that amounts


to a tax rate of just 3%. The BBC's Political Editor


Laura Kuennesburg explains. How much tax should


big companies pay? A rather well-known one,


many of us use every day, paid ?130 million in tax


to cover the last ten years. It sounds like a lot, but when,


in just one of those years, sales in the UK were more than


4.5 billion, it doesn't seem quite That's what Jeremy Corbyn thinks,


in any case. Many people going to their HMRC


offices, or returning them online this week, will say this -


why is there one rule for big multinational companies and another


for ordinary small businesses The Prime Minister


tried to tough it out. When I came to power,


banks didn't pay tax on all their profits,


allowed under Labour, Investment companies


could stop their tax bill by flipping the currency


their accounts were in, allowed under Labour,


stopped under the Tories. Companies could fiddle accounting


rules to make companies pay out of thin air allowed under Labour,


stopped under the Tories. But it's a gift for this bench,


because for years, that front bench have been among politicians keen


to praise Google's success. And when the firm announced,


after nine years of negotiations, they were finally going to cough up,


the Chancellor claimed Labour is asking the National Audit


Office to investigate Google. But remember, there's no suggestion


they've broken the law. Big companies' tax bills aren't just


calculated by WHERE they do business, but by the KIND


OF BUSINESS they do in each country. Ministers have already changed


the law to make it harder The government's careful to point


out that the deal with Google was brokered by the taxman at HMRC,


not a deal that was done in backrooms by


ministers themselves. But this is simply too tempting


a political attack They'll use every chance


to embarrass the government There've been awkward conversations


about other big brands. Dozens of countries have signed up


today to tighten the rules, but that won't shut down


the debate here about Laura Kuennesburg,


BBC News, Westminster. Now, it promises to be one


of the biggest draws in the London On Saturday, the Royal Academy


opens its doors for Painting the Modern Garden:


Monet to Matisse. The show will include a monumental


Monet never shown in public in Europe before -


a depiction of water lilies that spreads across three canvasses


and is 12 metres long. It's also an exhibition that


reflects on the way artists reacted to the traumas


of the First World War With me is Ann Dumas,


the curator of the exhibition. If we talk first about, I don't know


if it is the centrepiece, but these extraordinary water lilies. We are


used to Monet and water lilies but not on this scale. No, this triptych


is the climax of the exhibition, including late works by Monet, but


not quite on that scale, related to a whole series of works that


preoccupied him for the last ten years of his life, from around


1915-1926. And do you feel immersed when you walk into this? Yes, and


that was the idea, this enveloping Panorama, so the viewer would be,


almost as if they were sitting by the water lily pond, looking at the


reflections of the sky in the water, just being surrounded by the whole


environment. We do associate Monet with gardens in particular but his


vision often self, that dual identity? Very much so, his passions


were creating a garden and, of course, the wonderful now famous


garden in France, and being a painter, and the two were completely


intertwined, a total symbiosis between the two. One of the pictures


you have shown is that Renoir of Monet. The artist at work. Yes, this


is Monet painting his first garden, well before he painted water lilies.


We have rainwater painting the painting -- we have Renoir painting


this. It is lovely to make these connections. And another connection


you make in the exhibition is you have the beauty and the piece,


tranquillity of gardens, but you think about what is happening around


them, especially with the first bottled water? Yes, particularly


true of Monet. When we look at his great water lily paintings, they are


so much about peace and harmony and beauty, that you don't really think


this is anything to do with the first bottle of water. But we know


from letters by Monet that he was deeply affected by the First World


War. Both his son and stepson were fighting in it. He was not so far


from the area of conflict and could hear gunfire. And at one point his


son came from leave, and Monet felt pangs of guilt and conscious that


people got so far away were being killed and he is in his garden or


studio painting. -- guilt and conscience. But he said painting is


what he does and saw it as his patriotic, almost sort of war


effort, his contribution, and immediately after the Armistice in


1918, he donated two large canvases to the French state, and the idea


evolved in connection with the French Prime Minister, a great


friend of Monet, and eventually two big cycles were installed in Paris,


where they are today. We will have to leave it there, Ann Dumas, thank


you very much, obviously a fantastic exhibition. Thank you for being with


A cold night to come, but it means tomorrow morning


will be a cold but bright start with some frost around but some


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